JP2003343058A - Attaching construction for solar cell module - Google Patents

Attaching construction for solar cell module

Info

Publication number
JP2003343058A
JP2003343058A JP2003170765A JP2003170765A JP2003343058A JP 2003343058 A JP2003343058 A JP 2003343058A JP 2003170765 A JP2003170765 A JP 2003170765A JP 2003170765 A JP2003170765 A JP 2003170765A JP 2003343058 A JP2003343058 A JP 2003343058A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
solar cell
frame
cell module
fixing
bolt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2003170765A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Masao Tanaka
正雄 田中
Jun Sugita
循 杉田
Original Assignee
Sharp Corp
シャープ株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sharp Corp, シャープ株式会社 filed Critical Sharp Corp
Priority to JP2003170765A priority Critical patent/JP2003343058A/en
Publication of JP2003343058A publication Critical patent/JP2003343058A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/63Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing modules or their peripheral frames to supporting elements
    • F24S25/634Clamps; Clips
    • F24S25/636Clamps; Clips clamping by screw-threaded elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/20Peripheral frames for modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/30Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors
    • F24S25/33Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/61Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing to the ground or to building structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/65Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for coupling adjacent supporting elements, e.g. for connecting profiles together
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To easily install a frame for mounting solar cell modules to a roof and also easily install the solar cell modules to the frame. <P>SOLUTION: By using a lateral rail 40 having a straight gutter in a straight direction between both the ends of an upper portion and a lower portion of a side face and a longitudinal rail 31 having a straight gutter in a lateral direction between both the ends of the upper portion and the lower portion, a square type nuts are inserted in the gutters of the lateral rail 40 and the longitudinal rail 31, and fixation is performed with these nuts and bolts. An embedding type pipe is inserted in a cross section space inside the longitudinal rail and is coupled to the longitudinal rail 31 with bolts by using holes made in both the end portions of the gutter at the lower portion of the side face of the longitudinal rail 31. In side the lateral rail, a flat plate portion of a bolt is inserted with a thread portion at the upper portion, the thread portion penetrates through a hole of a cover member fixing the solar cell module 10, a box nut 48 is screwed to its tip, and the solar cell module 10 is fixed. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2004,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、住宅の屋根等に設
置される太陽電池モジュールを屋根等に固定するための
架台、または、太陽電池モジュールの取付け構造に関す
る。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a pedestal for fixing a solar cell module installed on a roof or the like of a house to the roof or a mounting structure for the solar cell module.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】同一出願人は、先に特開平9−2502
19号として、太陽電池モジュールの取付け構造を出願
した。図10は従来技術の太陽電池モジュールの取付構
造に使用される太陽電池モジュールの一例を示す概略斜
視図、図11(a)は、その太陽電池モジュールの平面
図、図11(b)はその正面図、図11(c)はその側
面図、図11はその太陽電池モジュールを分解して示す
概略斜視図である。この太陽電池モジュール10は、長
方形の平板状をした太陽電池セル本体11を有してい
る。この太陽電池セル本体11は、マトリックス状に配
置された複数の太陽電池セルを、インターコネクタ等に
よって、電気的に直列または並列に接続されたスーパー
スレート構造になっている。この太陽電池セル本体11
の表面側には、図12に示すように、透明樹脂等によっ
て薄い平板状に構成された充填材12を介して、白色強
化ガラス板13が積層されている。また、太陽電池セル
本体11の裏面側にも、透明樹脂によって薄い平板状に
構成された充填材14を介して、耐候性フィルム15が
積層されている。そして、太陽電池セル本体11は、色
強化ガラス板13と、耐候性フィルム15によって、各
充填材12および14をそれぞれ介して挟持されて、全
体として平板状の太陽電池本体部16が構成されてい
る。
2. Description of the Related Art The same applicant previously filed Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 9-2502.
No. 19 applied for a solar cell module mounting structure. FIG. 10 is a schematic perspective view showing an example of a solar cell module used in a conventional solar cell module mounting structure, FIG. 11 (a) is a plan view of the solar cell module, and FIG. 11 (b) is its front surface. FIG. 11 (c) is a side view thereof, and FIG. 11 is a schematic perspective view showing the solar cell module in an exploded manner. The solar battery module 10 has a rectangular flat plate-shaped solar battery cell body 11. This solar battery cell body 11 has a super slate structure in which a plurality of solar battery cells arranged in a matrix are electrically connected in series or in parallel by an interconnector or the like. This solar cell body 11
As shown in FIG. 12, a white tempered glass plate 13 is laminated on the front surface side of the through a filler 12 made of a transparent resin or the like in the shape of a thin flat plate. Further, a weather resistant film 15 is also laminated on the back surface side of the solar cell main body 11 with a filler 14 formed of a transparent resin in the shape of a thin plate. The solar cell main body 11 is sandwiched between the color-strengthened glass plate 13 and the weather resistant film 15 via the fillers 12 and 14, respectively, and the flat solar cell main body 16 is formed as a whole. There is.
【0003】図10に示すように、太陽電池本体部16
の一方の端部の裏面には、端子ボックス17が設けられ
ており、この端子ボックス17には、電気ケーブル18
が接続されている。
As shown in FIG. 10, the solar cell main body 16
The terminal box 17 is provided on the back surface of one end of the electric cable 18
Are connected.
【0004】このような太陽電池本体部16は、周辺部
に配置された枠体20内に設けられている。枠体20
は、太陽電池本体部16の長手方向に沿った一体の長辺
側枠体21と、太陽電池本体部16の幅方向に沿った一
体の短辺側枠体22とによって、長方形の枠状に構成さ
れており、各長辺側枠体21が太陽電池本体部16の長
手方向に沿った各側縁部にそれぞれ、緩衝材を介して嵌
合されている。そして、ビス23によって連結されてい
る。
The solar cell main body 16 as described above is provided in a frame body 20 arranged in the peripheral portion. Frame 20
Is formed into a rectangular frame shape by an integral long side frame 21 along the longitudinal direction of the solar cell body 16 and an integral short side frame 22 along the width direction of the solar cell body 16. Each of the long-side frames 21 is fitted to each side edge portion along the longitudinal direction of the solar cell main body 16 via a cushioning material. Then, they are connected by screws 23.
【0005】図13は、その枠体20の要部の分解斜視
図である。各長辺側枠体21は、断面が縦長の直方体状
になった中空の枠本体部21aを有している。この枠本
体部21aの側面に沿って上方に延出して、その上面と
は適当な間隔をあけた状態で上方に位置するように内側
に直角に屈曲された鉤状の嵌合部21bが、枠本体部2
1aの長手方向の全体にわたって設けられている。この
嵌合部21bと、枠本体部21aの上面との間には、太
陽電池本体部16における長手方向に沿った側縁部が、
緩衝材を介して嵌合されるようになっている。
FIG. 13 is an exploded perspective view of the main part of the frame body 20. Each long-side frame 21 has a hollow frame body 21a having a vertically long rectangular parallelepiped cross section. A hook-shaped fitting portion 21b that extends upward along the side surface of the frame main body portion 21a and is bent at a right angle inward so as to be positioned above with a proper gap from the upper surface of the frame main body portion 21a, Frame body 2
It is provided over the entire length of 1a. Between the fitting portion 21b and the upper surface of the frame body portion 21a, a side edge portion of the solar cell body portion 16 along the longitudinal direction is formed.
It is adapted to be fitted via a cushioning material.
【0006】枠本体部21aの外側面には、枠本体部2
1aの上面に沿って外方に水平に延出して上方に向かっ
て直角に屈曲されて上方に開口した溝状の係合溝部21
cが、枠本体部21aの長手方向の全体にわたって設け
られている。
On the outer surface of the frame body 21a, the frame body 2 is provided.
A groove-like engagement groove portion 21 that horizontally extends outward along the upper surface of 1a, is bent upward at a right angle, and is opened upward.
c is provided over the entire length of the frame body 21a in the longitudinal direction.
【0007】枠本体部21における内側の側面における
下端部には、内側に向かって水平に延出する長板状の台
座部21dが設けられている。この台座部21dには、
枠体20全体を家庭の屋根上に取付けるために、ボルト
孔21eが設けられている。
At the lower end of the inner side surface of the frame body 21, a pedestal portion 21d is provided which extends horizontally toward the inside. In this pedestal portion 21d,
Bolt holes 21e are provided for mounting the entire frame 20 on the roof of a home.
【0008】短辺側枠材22は、平板状をした枠本体板
22aを有している。この枠本体板22aの上端には嵌
合板部22bが設けられている。また、この嵌合板部2
2bの下方には、支持板部22cが設けられている。
The short-side frame member 22 has a flat frame body plate 22a. A fitting plate portion 22b is provided on the upper end of the frame body plate 22a. In addition, this fitting plate 2
A support plate portion 22c is provided below 2b.
【0009】枠本体板22aの外側面には、枠本体板2
2aに設けられた支持部22cに沿って、外側に水平に
延出して上方に向かって直角に屈曲されて上方に開口し
た係合溝部22dが、枠本体板22aの長手方向の全体
にわたって設けられている。係合溝部22dの先端に
は、係合部22eが長手方向に連続して設けられてい
る。また、枠本体板22aの下端部には、内側に水平に
延出する台座部22fが設けられている。
The frame body plate 2 is provided on the outer surface of the frame body plate 22a.
An engagement groove portion 22d that extends horizontally to the outside, is bent at a right angle upward, and opens upward along the support portion 22c provided on the frame 2a is provided over the entire length of the frame main body plate 22a. ing. An engaging portion 22e is continuously provided in the longitudinal direction at the tip of the engaging groove portion 22d. A pedestal portion 22f that horizontally extends inward is provided at the lower end of the frame body plate 22a.
【0010】枠体20は、太陽電池本体部16の側縁部
に、各枠材の嵌合部がそれぞれ嵌合される。 そして、
各短辺側枠材22におけるそれぞれの端部に、ビス23
が挿通されて、各長辺側枠材21に連結されるようにな
っている。
In the frame body 20, the fitting portions of the frame members are fitted to the side edge portions of the solar cell main body portion 16, respectively. And
A screw 23 is provided at each end of each short-side frame member 22.
Is inserted and connected to each long-side frame member 21.
【0011】図14は、家屋の和瓦屋根60に対する太
陽電池モジュール10の架台の取り付けの構造を示す分
解斜視図である。太陽電池モジュール10の架台は、和
瓦屋根60上に支持金具25と下固定金具61が取り付
けられ、前記下固定金具61に縦桟62としてアルミ押
し出し材である角パイプが固定される。この際、縦桟側
面に、下固定金具の穴位置に貫通穴を空けて貫通ボルト
63で固定される。同様に、前記縦桟には、上固定金具
64が穴位置に貫通穴を空けて貫通ボルトで固定され
る。前記上固定金具には、架台65が固定される。この
際にも、架台側面に、上固定金具の穴位置に貫通穴を空
けて貫通ボルト64で固定される。
FIG. 14 is an exploded perspective view showing a structure for mounting the mount of the solar cell module 10 on the Japanese tile roof 60 of the house. In the mount of the solar cell module 10, a support fitting 25 and a lower fixing fitting 61 are attached on a Japanese tile roof 60, and a square pipe which is an aluminum extruded material is fixed to the lower fixing fitting 61 as a vertical bar 62. At this time, a through hole is formed on the side surface of the vertical rail at a hole position of the lower fixing metal member and fixed by a through bolt 63. Similarly, an upper fixing member 64 is fixed to the vertical rail by a through bolt with a through hole at a hole position. A pedestal 65 is fixed to the upper fixing member. Also in this case, a through hole is formed on the side surface of the pedestal at a hole position of the upper fixing member, and the stud is fixed by the through bolt 64.
【0012】図15は、架台65の断面図である。この
架台65は、たとえば、断面中空の四角形状に形成され
たチャンネル材によって形成されており、その上面65
aには、開口部65aが、長手方向全体に渡って設けら
れ、各側縁部には、架台65の上面65aから上方およ
び下方に突出した状態の位置決め部65cが、それぞれ
設けられている。架台65の底面65dにおける幅方向
の中央部は肉厚になっており、その中央に、架台65を
屋根に取付ける際に貫通ボルト64を位置決めするため
の溝部65eが、長手方向に連続して設けられている。
架台65の対向する各側面65fには、上下方向の中央
部から内側に水平に突出するリブ65gが、各々長手方
向の全体にわたって設けられている。
FIG. 15 is a sectional view of the pedestal 65. The pedestal 65 is made of, for example, a channel material formed in a quadrangular shape having a hollow cross section.
An opening 65a is provided in a in the entire longitudinal direction, and a positioning portion 65c that projects upward and downward from the upper surface 65a of the pedestal 65 is provided at each side edge. The widthwise central portion of the bottom surface 65d of the pedestal 65 is thick, and a groove portion 65e for positioning the through bolt 64 when the pedestal 65 is attached to the roof is continuously provided in the central portion in the longitudinal direction. Has been.
Ribs 65g horizontally projecting inward from the central portion in the up-down direction are provided on the opposite side surfaces 65f of the gantry 65 over the entire longitudinal direction.
【0013】この様にして、和瓦屋根60に、複数の架
台65が平行状態で固定されると、隣接する架台65間
に、太陽電池モジュール10が架設状態で取り付けられ
る。
In this way, when the plurality of mounts 65 are fixed in parallel to the Japanese tile roof 60, the solar cell module 10 is mounted between the adjacent mounts 65 in the installed state.
【0014】図16は太陽電池モジュール10の架台6
5への取付構造を示す断面図である。図17は取付け構
造に使用される側面カバー部材の取付け状態を分解して
示す斜視図である。この様な構成の側面カバー部材41
は、長辺側枠材21の係合溝部21cに係合部41eを
係合させるとともに、係止部41dを架台65の位置決
め部65cに係止させることによって、長辺側枠材21
の側方の架台65の上方域を覆った状態になる。そし
て、図16に示すように、上面部41cに設けられたボ
ルト孔41fに、導電性材料によって構成されたボルト
42がそれぞれ挿通されて架台65に取付けられる。少
なくとも一方のボルト42に、導電ワッシャー43およ
びゴムワッシャー44が、順番に嵌合される。係止部材
45は、架台65内に係止部材45が配置されており、
各ボルト42の先端部には、係止部材45がそれぞれね
じ結合される。このような状態で、太陽電池モジュール
10の上面から、ボルト42を締め付ける方向に回転さ
せると、架台65に係止された側面カバー部材41が、
太陽電池モジュール10の長辺側枠材21に強固に係止
された状態となる。
FIG. 16 shows the frame 6 of the solar cell module 10.
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing a structure for attaching to No. FIG. 17 is an exploded perspective view showing an attached state of a side cover member used in the attachment structure. The side cover member 41 having such a configuration
Engages the engaging portion 41e with the engaging groove portion 21c of the long-side frame member 21 and engages the locking portion 41d with the positioning portion 65c of the gantry 65, whereby the long-side frame member 21
The upper area of the gantry 65 on the side of is covered. Then, as shown in FIG. 16, the bolts 42 made of a conductive material are respectively inserted into the bolt holes 41f provided in the upper surface portion 41c and attached to the mount 65. The conductive washer 43 and the rubber washer 44 are sequentially fitted to at least one of the bolts 42. The locking member 45 has the locking member 45 arranged in a frame 65,
A locking member 45 is screwed to the tip of each bolt 42. In such a state, when the bolt 42 is rotated from the upper surface of the solar cell module 10 in the tightening direction, the side cover member 41 locked to the pedestal 65 becomes
The solar cell module 10 is firmly locked to the long-side frame member 21.
【0015】なお、図16に示すように、架台65の側
面65fには、太陽電池モジュール10の電気ケーブル
18を通過させるための貫通孔65mが設けられてお
り、各貫通孔65mに、配線保護のためのブッシング6
5nが、それぞれ、取り付けられている。
As shown in FIG. 16, a side surface 65f of the gantry 65 is provided with a through hole 65m for passing the electric cable 18 of the solar cell module 10, and each through hole 65m has wiring protection. For bushings 6
5n are attached respectively.
【0016】このようにして、太陽電池モジュール10
は、和瓦屋根60おける軒先34側から棟側にかけて、
順番に取り付けられる。
In this way, the solar cell module 10
Is from the eaves 34 side to the ridge side of the Japanese tile roof 60,
Installed in order.
【0017】[0017]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上記架
台セットでは、横桟に縦桟を固定する為の上固定金具取
付け位置に現場で貫通穴を空ける必要があった。又、縦
桟と屋根面上の支持金具の締結用下固定金具取付け位置
への貫通穴加工も必要であった。さらに、縦桟の長さ
は、現場の屋根に合わせて切断する必要があった。
However, in the above gantry set, it is necessary to make a through hole on the site at the upper fixing metal fitting mounting position for fixing the vertical rail to the horizontal rail. Further, it was necessary to form a through hole at the mounting position of the lower fixing metal fitting for fastening the vertical rail and the supporting metal fitting on the roof surface. Furthermore, the length of the vertical rail had to be cut according to the roof of the site.
【0018】また、上記架台セットでは、モジュール係
止部材45をセッティングするのに時間がかかり、ま
た、モジュール係止部材45が止まったかどうかの目視
での確認ができなかった。また、モジュール係止部材4
5が配線のケーブルを傷つけても目視での確認ができな
かった。
Further, in the above-mentioned gantry set, it takes time to set the module locking member 45, and it is not possible to visually confirm whether or not the module locking member 45 has stopped. In addition, the module locking member 4
Even if the cable of No. 5 was damaged, it could not be visually confirmed.
【0019】また、導電性の嵌合部材(導電ワッシャー
43)がボルトを介して架台に電気的に接触してアース
を取っているので、接触が確実であることを確認するの
に時間を要した。また、モジュール側面の穴に電気ケー
ブル保護材(ブッシング65n)をはめ込んでいるが、
コスト高の要因となっている。
Further, since the conductive fitting member (conductive washer 43) electrically contacts the pedestal through the bolts to ground, it takes time to confirm that the contact is reliable. did. Also, the electric cable protection material (bushing 65n) is fitted in the hole on the side surface of the module.
This is a cause of high costs.
【0020】本発明は、上述のような課題に鑑みてなさ
れたものであり、その目的は、屋根に架台を容易に取付
けることができ、架台に対し太陽電池モジュールを容易
に取付けることができ、しかも、アース処理も容易に行
え、電気ケーブルの取付けが容易な太陽電池モジュール
の取付け構造を提供することにある。
The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object thereof is to easily mount a mount on a roof and to mount a solar cell module on the mount easily. Moreover, it is another object of the present invention to provide a solar cell module mounting structure in which grounding can be easily performed and an electric cable can be easily mounted.
【0021】[0021]
【課題を解決するための手段】上記目的を達成するため
に、複数の太陽電池セル平板状に構成された太陽電池本
体部と、この太陽電池本体部の各側縁部に枠体を有する
複数の太陽電池モジュールを相互に隣接した状態で、架
台上に取付けるための取付け構造においては、各太陽電
池モジュールのいずれかの枠材が上面に設置される架台
(以下横桟と呼ぶ)と、上方向に開口して溝状であり、
横桟上に設置される枠材の外面上に設けられた係合溝部
と、上記係合溝部が設けられた枠材に対して直線上に沿
って、係合溝部内に一方の側縁部が嵌入されることによ
り、係合溝部の側方を覆うカバー部材と、上記カバー部
材を挿通して横桟に係止されるボルトを具備する。
In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, a plurality of solar cell main bodies formed in a flat plate shape of a solar cell, and a plurality of frame bodies at each side edge of the solar cell main body are provided. In the mounting structure for mounting the solar cell modules of the above in a state where they are adjacent to each other, the frame on which any one of the solar cell modules is installed on the upper surface It has a groove shape that opens in the direction
An engaging groove portion provided on the outer surface of the frame member installed on the cross rail, and one side edge portion in the engaging groove portion along a straight line with respect to the frame member provided with the engaging groove portion. It is equipped with a cover member that covers the side of the engagement groove portion by being inserted, and a bolt that is inserted into the cover member and locked to the horizontal rail.
【0022】横桟と縦桟の溝の中に角型のナットを入れ
て、上下の固定金具と架台間をボルトで固定し、前記の
角型のナットに引っ掛け部がある板を設け、その引っ掛
け部が、角型のナットの穴位置と上下の固定金具の穴位
置に合わせた長さにする。
Square type nuts are inserted in the grooves of the horizontal crosspieces and the vertical crosspieces, and the upper and lower fixing brackets and the pedestal are fixed with bolts, and the square nuts are provided with a plate having a hooking portion. The hook should have a length that matches the hole position of the square nut and the hole positions of the upper and lower fixing brackets.
【0023】横桟の下に、側面の上部と下部の両端間
に、横方向で一直線状の溝を設けた架台(以下縦桟と呼
ぶ)を使用し、縦桟の側面下部の溝に両端部とその内側
の数箇所穴を設け、かつ側面上部の軒側端部に穴を設け
る。
A pedestal (hereinafter referred to as a vertical crosspiece) is provided below the horizontal crosspiece between the upper and lower sides of the side surface and has a straight groove in the horizontal direction. A hole is made in the part and several places inside it, and holes are made in the eaves side end of the upper side surface.
【0024】縦桟の内部空間の断面は上下線対称でな
く、その形状に略一致した断面形状を持つパイプを挿入
し、縦桟の側面下部の溝両端部に設けた穴を使用してボ
ルトで縦桟を連結する。横桟と縦桟を固定する上固定金
具は、横桟固定側に縦長の穴を設ける。
The cross section of the internal space of the vertical rail is not symmetrical with respect to the upper and lower sides, and a pipe having a cross sectional shape that substantially matches the shape is inserted, and bolts are inserted using holes provided at both ends of the groove at the lower side of the vertical rail. Connect vertical bars with. The upper fixing bracket for fixing the horizontal rail and the vertical rail shall have a vertically long hole on the horizontal rail fixing side.
【0025】スレート屋根用支持金具は、支持金具と屋
根の流れ方向にそれぞれ垂直で、かつ1個所穴を有する
金属板を設け、前記支持金具の上部と左右部に、数箇所
穴を設ける。
The slate roof support metal fittings are provided with metal plates each having a single hole which is perpendicular to the flow direction of the support metal fitting and the roof, and several holes are provided on the upper and left and right parts of the support metal fittings.
【0026】架台とねかばー部材と、このカバー部材を
挿通して架台に係止されるボルトは、前記架台の上部隙
間の開口幅より広く前記架台の上面短手方向幅よりも狭
い平板部と、ネジ部よりなり、架台内部に挿入し、カバ
ー上方に出したネジ部をナットで締め付けることにより
モジュールを固定する。ボルトを挿入する架台上面に
は、ボルトの平板部より大きい切り欠きを設けておく。
The pedestal, the cover member, and the bolts inserted through the cover member and locked to the pedestal are flat plates that are wider than the opening width of the upper clearance of the pedestal and narrower than the width in the lateral direction of the upper surface of the pedestal. Part and screw part, insert into the pedestal, and fix the module by tightening the screw part exposed above the cover with a nut. A notch larger than the flat plate part of the bolt is provided on the upper surface of the frame into which the bolt is inserted.
【0027】横桟の側面上部の両端間に、横方向で一直
線状の溝を設け、側面下部には横長状の穴を設け、その
穴に穴面積よりも大きな形状で、片面に粘着材を有し、
中央部に切り込みを入れた樹脂製の物を穴表面に使用す
る。横桟上部の1箇所または数箇所にH型のアース金具
を設け、その金具は両端に立上がり部を設ける。
A straight linear groove is provided in the lateral direction between both ends of the upper side surface of the cross rail, and a horizontally elongated hole is provided in the lower side surface. The hole has a shape larger than the hole area, and an adhesive material is provided on one side. Have,
Use a resin product with a notch in the center for the hole surface. H-shaped grounding metal fittings are provided at one or several locations above the cross rail, and the metal fittings have rising portions at both ends.
【0028】[0028]
【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明の実施の形態を、図
面に基づいて詳細に説明する。
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Embodiments of the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the drawings.
【0029】図1は本発明の太陽電池モジュール取付け
構造の説明図であり、図13に示しているのと同じ屋根
面60に屋根材と同形状の支持金具25を固定する。前
記支持金具25に上下に立ち上げ部を有する下固定金具
26を下側の立ち上げ部27を前記支持金具25の突起
部28に貫通ボルト29にて取り付ける。前記下固定金
具26の上側の立ち上げ部30に縦桟31を取り付け
る。図2に示すように、縦桟31には予め側面の両端部
に貫通孔32が設けられ、また、両側面にそれぞれ2本
の溝33が長手方向に平行に設けられている。
FIG. 1 is an explanatory view of the solar cell module mounting structure of the present invention, in which a support metal fitting 25 having the same shape as the roof material is fixed to the same roof surface 60 as shown in FIG. A lower fixing metal fitting 26 having a vertical rising portion is attached to the supporting metal fitting 25, and a lower rising portion 27 is attached to a protruding portion 28 of the supporting metal fitting 25 with a through bolt 29. A vertical rail 31 is attached to the rising portion 30 on the upper side of the lower fixing member 26. As shown in FIG. 2, the vertical rail 31 is provided with through holes 32 at both ends of the side surface in advance, and two grooves 33 are provided on both side surfaces in parallel with each other in the longitudinal direction.
【0030】軒先34側最前列は、落下防止の為、前記
側面端部の貫通穴32を用いて、貫通ボルト29で仮固
定する。第2列目からは、側面にある2本の溝33の
内、下方の溝に、図3に示すような、引っ掛け部からな
る板35a(以下リボン35aという)が取り付けられ
た角型のナット35(以下リボン付きナット35とい
う)を挿入し、溝の中をスライドさせて下固定金具26
上側の立ち上げ部30にリボン35aの先端を当てて止
める。リボン35aの長さは、下固定金具26上側の立
ち上げ部30の穴とリボン付きナット35の位置が一致
するような長さにしている、ボルト36を挿入して仮固
定する。この時、リボン付きナット35のリボンを更に
押し込むと前記下固定金具26を通過することができ
る。又、縦桟の長さが不足する場合は、縦桟の中の空間
に連結パイプ37を挿入し、もう1本の縦桟を前記連結
パイプ37にはめ込む。縦桟31の内部空間の形状は、
図2に示すように、上下で線対称になっておらず、ま
た、連結パイプ37の断面は縦桟31の内部空間の形状
に略同一で、はめ込めるよう少し小さくなっているた
め、上下間違うこと無く連結できる。次に、側面端部の
貫通穴32を使用して貫通ボルト29で仮固定する。縦
桟を全て仮固定し、全体の平面出しを行った後、本固定
する。図1に示す下固定金具26の孔38を、縦長にし
ておくことにより、縦桟31の高さおよび傾きを調整で
きるため、平面出しが容易にできる。
The front row on the side of the eaves 34 is temporarily fixed by the through bolts 29 using the through holes 32 at the end portions of the side surfaces to prevent falling. From the second row, a square nut in which a plate 35a (hereinafter referred to as a ribbon 35a) including a hooking portion as shown in FIG. 3 is attached to the lower groove among the two grooves 33 on the side surface. 35 (hereinafter referred to as ribbon nut 35) is inserted, and the lower fixing metal fitting 26 is slid in the groove.
The tip of the ribbon 35a is applied to the upper rising portion 30 and stopped. The length of the ribbon 35a is set such that the hole of the rising portion 30 on the upper side of the lower fixing member 26 and the position of the nut 35 with the ribbon match, and the bolt 36 is inserted and temporarily fixed. At this time, if the ribbon of the nut 35 with a ribbon is pushed further, it can pass through the lower fixing member 26. When the length of the vertical rail is insufficient, the connecting pipe 37 is inserted into the space inside the vertical rail, and the other vertical rail is fitted into the connecting pipe 37. The shape of the internal space of the vertical bar 31 is
As shown in FIG. 2, it is not vertically symmetrical, and the cross-section of the connecting pipe 37 is substantially the same as the shape of the internal space of the vertical bar 31 and is a little small to fit in, so it is not the same as the top and bottom. Can be connected without any problem. Next, the through holes 32 at the side end portions are used to temporarily fix the through bolts 29. Temporarily fix all the vertical rails, and after flattening the entire surface, permanently fix. By making the hole 38 of the lower fixing member 26 shown in FIG. 1 vertically long, the height and the inclination of the vertical bar 31 can be adjusted, so that flattening can be easily performed.
【0031】次に、同様にして、前記縦桟31に上固定
金具39を、最前列のみ貫通ボルト29で,以降はリボ
ンナット35とボルト36で仮固定する。この時、縦桟
側面に設けられた2本の溝33の内、上方の溝を使用す
る。前記上固定金具39は、上下にそれぞれ2本ずつ立
ち上げ部を有するが、下側立ち上げ部39aの高さは、
重ならないよう、下固定金具26の上側立ち上げ部30
の高さと合わせて縦桟31の高さより小さく作られてい
る。それぞれの高さを、縦桟31の高さの半分以下とす
ると良い。上固定金具39の上側立ち上げ部に横桟40
をはめ込み、前記横桟40の側面に設けられた溝40a
を利用して、上述した下固定金具26と同様にして、リ
ボンナット35とボルト36で仮固定する。横桟40を
全て仮固定し、軒側の横桟を基準に各横桟の間隔を調整
した後、本固定する。以上で、架台の組み立てを完了す
る。
Next, in the same manner, the upper fixing member 39 is temporarily fixed to the vertical rail 31 with the through bolt 29 only in the frontmost row and thereafter with the ribbon nut 35 and the bolt 36. At this time, the upper groove of the two grooves 33 provided on the side surface of the vertical rail is used. The upper fixing bracket 39 has two rising parts at the top and bottom, and the height of the lower rising part 39a is
The upper rising portion 30 of the lower fixing member 26 so that they do not overlap.
It is made smaller than the height of the vertical rail 31 in accordance with the height of the vertical crosspiece. It is advisable that the height of each is less than half the height of the vertical rail 31. A horizontal rail 40 is provided on the upper rising portion of the upper fixing bracket 39.
And the groove 40a provided on the side surface of the horizontal rail 40.
In the same manner as the lower fixing member 26 described above, the ribbon nut 35 and the bolt 36 are used for temporary fixing. All of the horizontal rails 40 are temporarily fixed, the intervals between the horizontal rails are adjusted based on the eave-side horizontal rails, and then the horizontal rails are permanently fixed. This completes the assembly of the mount.
【0032】図1および図4に示すように、前記横桟4
0の間に、従来の技術で説明した太陽電池モジュール1
0を載せ、側面カバー41及び間カバー66にて前記モ
ジュール10を固定する。この時、モジュール裏面に出
された出力ケーブル18を、図5に示す前記横桟40の
側面に設けられた長穴46から横桟40内に挿入し、横
桟40内で他のモジュールの出力ケーブルと結線してお
く。長穴46には予め、出力ケーブル18の外皮を保護
するため、長穴46よりも大きな面積で、片面に接着剤
を有し、図9に示すような中央部に切り込み19を入れ
た樹脂性のシール54、たとえば、PETフィルムが貼
り付けてある。
As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG.
Between 0, the solar cell module 1 described in the prior art
0 is mounted, and the module 10 is fixed by the side cover 41 and the space cover 66. At this time, the output cable 18 output to the back surface of the module is inserted into the horizontal rail 40 through the long hole 46 provided on the side surface of the horizontal rail 40 shown in FIG. Connect with the cable. In order to protect the outer cover of the output cable 18 in advance, the elongated hole 46 has a larger area than the elongated hole 46, has an adhesive on one surface, and is made of a resin material having a notch 19 in the center as shown in FIG. A seal 54, such as a PET film, is attached.
【0033】図4に示すように、前記カバー材41、6
6を固定するには、図6に示すモジュール固定ボルト4
7とナットを用いるが、袋ナット48が良い。先ず、前
記モジュール固定ボルト47を、図8に示す横桟40の
上面端部に設けられた挿入口49から、ネジ部47aを
上にして、平板部47bを挿入し、横桟の上面の開口部
50に沿って、固定位置に移動させる。カバー材41、6
6の上面に設けられた孔51を前記モジュール固定ボル
ト47の先端に通して、太陽電池モジュール10の側面
に設けられた勘合部21bにカバー材41、66をはめ
込む。前記カバー材から突出したボルト47の先端に袋
ナット48を被せ、カバー材41、66の上部から、袋
ナット48をねじ込んで、太陽電池モジュール10を固
定する。
As shown in FIG. 4, the cover members 41, 6 are
6 is fixed to the module fixing bolt 4 shown in FIG.
7 and a nut are used, but a cap nut 48 is preferable. First, the module fixing bolt 47 is inserted into the flat plate portion 47b with the screw portion 47a facing upward from the insertion opening 49 provided at the upper end portion of the horizontal rail 40 shown in FIG. Department
Move along 50 to a fixed position. Cover material 41, 6
The holes 51 provided on the upper surface of 6 are passed through the tips of the module fixing bolts 47, and the cover members 41 and 66 are fitted into the fitting portions 21b provided on the side surfaces of the solar cell module 10. The cap nut 48 is covered on the tip of the bolt 47 protruding from the cover material, and the cap nut 48 is screwed into the cover materials 41 and 66 from above, and the solar cell module 10 is fixed.
【0034】固定ボルト47の平板部47bを、長方形
で、短辺は横桟40の上部開口部50に入るが、長辺は
横桟40の幅より長くしておけば、容易に平板部47b
を固定位置に設置できる。
If the flat plate portion 47b of the fixing bolt 47 is rectangular and the short side thereof enters the upper opening 50 of the horizontal rail 40, but the long side is longer than the width of the horizontal rail 40, the flat plate portion 47b can be easily formed.
Can be installed in a fixed position.
【0035】太陽電池モジュール10を横桟に載せる前
に、間に、図7に示すH型のアース金具52を挟むこと
で、架台全体の接地ができる。 H型のアース金具52
に、立ち上がり部52aがあると、接地が確実にでき
る。前記横桟40には、図5に示すように、上面に水抜
き用の切り欠き53が設けられており、前記H型のアース
金具52をはめ込む為の溝となり、位置ずれが起こりに
くい。
Before mounting the solar cell module 10 on the horizontal rail, the H-shaped grounding metal fitting 52 shown in FIG. H type ground metal fitting 52
In addition, if the rising portion 52a is provided, the grounding can be surely performed. As shown in FIG. 5, the horizontal rail 40 is provided with a notch 53 for draining water on the upper surface thereof, which serves as a groove for fitting the H-shaped grounding metal fitting 52, and is less likely to be displaced.
【0036】図8により、他の実施例として、スレート
屋根に設置する方法を説明する。スレート支持金具55
の裏面に接着剤を塗布しへらを使って均一に筋が入るよ
うにならす。スレート屋根材の重なり部にスレート支持
金具55の先端部を挿入し、スレート屋根材の下端部に
スレート支持金具の下端部を合せる。スレート支持金具
の穴59に木ねじを打ち込み、スレート支持金具55を
スレート屋根材に固定する。スレート支持金具55の屋
根上方側および左右端よりの部分に数箇所穴を設け、木
ねじを打ち込むことで、十分な強度で、スレート屋根固
定金具の位置決め時に仮止めすることができる。木ねじ
を打ち込む位置は、スレート瓦の防水を確保する為、ス
レート支持金具の下端部から60mm以上放しておく。
上記の孔について、最下段の穴位置が金具の軒方向より
60mm以上にすることで、スレート瓦の軒側先端部に防
水溝に穴を開けることがないため、施工前と同等の防水
性能を保持することができる。
Referring to FIG. 8, a method of installing on a slate roof will be described as another embodiment. Slate support bracket 55
Apply adhesive to the back side of the and use a spatula to even out the lines. The tip of the slate support fitting 55 is inserted into the overlapping portion of the slate roof material, and the lower end of the slate support fitting is aligned with the lower end of the slate roof material. A wood screw is driven into the hole 59 of the slate support fitting to fix the slate support fitting 55 to the slate roofing material. By providing holes at several positions on the upper side of the roof and the left and right ends of the slate support fitting 55 and driving wood screws into the slate support fitting 55, it is possible to temporarily fix the slate roof fixing fitting with sufficient strength while positioning. In order to ensure the waterproofness of the slate roof tile, the position where the wood screw is driven is left 60 mm or more from the lower end of the slate support metal fitting.
For the above holes, the bottom hole position is from the eaves direction of the metal fittings.
By setting the length to 60 mm or more, since no hole is formed in the waterproof groove at the eaves side end of the slate tile, it is possible to maintain the same waterproof performance as before construction.
【0037】スレート支持金具55の上面の立ち上げ部
の孔55aと下固定金具26の下側立ち上げ部27の孔
をボルト29で固定することにより、スレート支持金具
55に下固定金具26を固定し、以降は、前述の実施の
形態と同様にして、施工する。
The lower fixing member 26 is fixed to the slate support fitting 55 by fixing the hole 55a of the rising portion on the upper surface of the slate support fitting 55 and the hole of the lower rising portion 27 of the lower fixing member 26 with the bolt 29. After that, the construction is performed in the same manner as the above-mentioned embodiment.
【0038】[0038]
【発明の効果】以上説明したように、横桟の両側面に、
長手方向に沿って横方向で一直線状の溝を設け、固定金
具係止部材をその中に嵌入し、横桟固定用の固定金具を
ボルトで固定することにより、現場での穴開け箇所の位
置合わせや穴開け作業が不要になるため、作業性が向上
する。
As described above, on both side surfaces of the horizontal rail,
Position a hole on the site by providing a straight groove in the horizontal direction along the longitudinal direction, inserting the fixing metal fitting locking member into it, and fixing the horizontal metal fitting fixing metal fittings with bolts. Workability is improved because no alignment or drilling work is required.
【0039】縦桟の両側面の下部に横長状の穴を設ける
ことで、穴から出し入れする出力ケーブルの本数を多く
することが可能になる。
By providing horizontally elongated holes in the lower portions of both side surfaces of the vertical rail, it is possible to increase the number of output cables to be put in and taken out from the holes.
【0040】前記横長状の穴の外側に保護シールを貼る
ことで、穴から出し入れするケーブル表面にキズ等を付
けない。
By sticking a protective seal on the outside of the horizontally long hole, no scratches or the like are formed on the surface of the cable that is put in or taken out from the hole.
【0041】縦桟にH型のアース金具を取り付けること
で、容易にモジュールと架台を接地することが出来る。
By attaching an H-shaped grounding fitting to the vertical rail, the module and the frame can be easily grounded.
【0042】縦桟の両側面の上部と下部に、長手方向に
沿って一直線状の溝を設けることで、横桟と同様に固定
金具をボルトで固定する際、現場での穴開け箇所の位置
合わせ穴開け作業が不要になるため、作業性が向上す
る。
By providing straight grooves along the longitudinal direction at the upper and lower sides of both sides of the vertical rail, when fixing the fixing bracket with bolts like the horizontal rail, the position of the hole to be drilled at the site. Workability is improved because there is no need to do alignment holes.
【0043】縦桟の両側面下部の溝の両端部と、その内
側近傍に、溝を貫通する数箇所孔を設け、かつ両側面上
部の軒側端部に、溝を貫通する孔を設けることで、両端
部は縦桟同士を連結する時に連結用ボルトを通すことが
できる。内側方向にある孔は瓦またはスレート瓦に取付
ける下固定金具と縦桟の固定する時に貫通ボルトを通す
ことができ、側面上部の軒側端部に孔を設けることで、
上固定金具を貫通ボルトで固定ができる様になり、屋根
の軒から太陽光発電システムの部材のずれや落下を防止
することができる。
Providing holes at both ends of the groove at the bottom of both sides of the vertical rail and in the vicinity of the inner side of the groove, and forming holes at several points penetrating the groove, and at the eaves-side ends of the upper portions of both sides at the eaves side. At both ends, a connecting bolt can be passed when connecting the vertical bars. The holes in the inward direction allow the through bolts to pass through when fixing the lower fixing bracket and the vertical rail to be attached to the roof tile or slate roof tile, and by providing a hole at the eaves side end of the upper side surface,
The upper fixing bracket can now be fixed with through bolts, and it is possible to prevent displacement and dropping of the members of the solar power generation system from the roof eaves.
【0044】また、縦桟の中に連結する為の空間を上下
非対称に設けることで、断面の形状から、縦桟の上下が
容易に判断することが出来るため、正しい穴で上記の上
固定金具の貫通ボルト、下固定金具の貫通ボルト、及び
連結パイプの連結用ボルトを止めることができる。
Also, by providing a space for connecting in the vertical rail asymmetrically in the vertical direction, it is possible to easily determine the vertical direction of the vertical rail from the cross-sectional shape. It is possible to stop the through bolt, the through bolt of the lower fixing bracket, and the connecting bolt of the connecting pipe.
【0045】横桟と縦桟の溝の中に固定金具係止部材を
入れて、上下の固定金具と架台間をボルトで固定するこ
とで、溝の範囲内で容易に自由な位置に固定するること
ができる。更にリボンナットとすることで、リボンナッ
トを上下の固定金具の裏側に容易に移動することがで、
しかも上下の固定金具の端に引っ掛け、引っ掛け部の長
さを、固定金具の孔と角型のナットの孔が合うような長
さにすることで、溝内の角型のナット位置合わせが確実
にできる。上下の固定金具の高さを縦桟の半分以下とす
る事で下固定金具を固定した後でも、下固定金具と交錯
せずに上固定金具を自由な位置に調整できる。
By inserting a fixing metal fitting locking member in the groove of the horizontal rail and the vertical rail and fixing the upper and lower fixing metal fittings and the pedestal with bolts, it is easily fixed at a free position within the range of the groove. You can Furthermore, by using a ribbon nut, you can easily move the ribbon nut to the back side of the upper and lower fixing brackets,
Moreover, by hooking on the ends of the upper and lower fixing brackets and making the length of the hooking part such that the holes of the fixing bracket and the holes of the square nut are aligned, the square nut position in the groove is surely aligned. You can Even after fixing the lower fixing bracket by setting the height of the upper and lower fixing brackets to less than half of the vertical rail, the upper fixing bracket can be adjusted to any position without crossing the lower fixing bracket.
【0046】縦桟間のつなぎに連結用の埋込み型のパイ
プを設け、縦桟側面下部の溝の両端部に設けた孔に連結
用ボルトで固定することで、縦桟間を連続的に接続する
ことができる。
By connecting an embedded pipe for connection between the vertical bars and fixing the pipes to the holes provided at both ends of the groove at the bottom of the vertical bars with connecting bolts, the vertical bars are continuously connected. can do.
【0047】横桟と縦桟間を固定する金具は、上部に縦
長の穴を設けることで、縦桟を上下に調節でき、数セン
チ程度の屋根の起伏においてモジュールを水平に設置す
ることができる。
By providing a vertically long hole in the upper part of the metal fitting for fixing the horizontal rail and the vertical rail, the vertical rail can be adjusted up and down, and the module can be installed horizontally when the roof is undulated by several centimeters. .
【0048】スレート屋根用支持金具は、支持金具と屋
根の流れ方向にそれぞれ垂直で、かつ1箇所穴を有する
金属板を設けることで、縦桟と接続することができる。
The slate roof support fitting can be connected to the vertical rail by providing a metal plate which is perpendicular to the support fitting and the roof flow direction and has one hole.
【0049】横桟内部に、ネジ部を上にして平板部を挿
入し、ネジ部が太陽電池モジュールを固定するカバー材
の上面に設けられた孔を貫通して、その先端に袋ナット
を被せ、カバー材の上部から、袋ナットをねじ込むこと
により、容易に、確実に太陽電池モジュールを固定する
ことができる。
The flat plate portion is inserted into the cross rail with the screw portion facing up, the screw portion penetrates a hole provided on the upper surface of the cover member for fixing the solar cell module, and a cap nut is put on the tip of the hole. The solar cell module can be easily and reliably fixed by screwing the cap nut from the upper portion of the cover material.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】本発明の太陽電池モジュール取付け構造の一例
を示す説明図である。
FIG. 1 is an explanatory view showing an example of a solar cell module mounting structure of the present invention.
【図2】本発明の縦桟の一例を示す説明図で、(a)
は、その側面図、(b)は、その断面図である。
FIG. 2 is an explanatory view showing an example of a vertical rail of the present invention, (a)
Is a side view thereof, and (b) is a sectional view thereof.
【図3】本発明のリボン付きナットの一例を示す説明図
である。
FIG. 3 is an explanatory view showing an example of a ribbon nut of the present invention.
【図4】本発明の太陽電池モジュール取付け構造の一例
を示す断面図である。
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing an example of a solar cell module mounting structure of the present invention.
【図5】本発明の横桟の一例を示す説明図で、(a)
は、その側面図、(b)は、その断面図である。
FIG. 5 is an explanatory view showing an example of a cross rail of the present invention, (a)
Is a side view thereof, and (b) is a sectional view thereof.
【図6】本発明のモジュール固定ボルトの説明図であ
る。
FIG. 6 is an explanatory view of a module fixing bolt of the present invention.
【図7】本発明のH型のアース金具の一例を示す説明図
で、(a)は、その平面図、(b)は、その側面図であ
る。
7A and 7B are explanatory views showing an example of an H-shaped grounding metal fitting of the present invention, FIG. 7A is a plan view thereof, and FIG. 7B is a side view thereof.
【図8】本発明の太陽電池モジュール取付け構造の他の
例を示す説明図である。
FIG. 8 is an explanatory view showing another example of the solar cell module mounting structure of the present invention.
【図9】本発明の樹脂性のシールの一例を示す説明図で
ある。
FIG. 9 is an explanatory diagram showing an example of a resin seal of the present invention.
【図10】太陽電池モジュールの一例を示す斜視図であ
る。
FIG. 10 is a perspective view showing an example of a solar cell module.
【図11】(a)はその平面図、(b)はその正面図、
(c)はその側面図である。
11A is a plan view thereof, FIG. 11B is a front view thereof, FIG.
(C) is a side view.
【図12】その太陽電池モジュールの分解斜視図であ
る。
FIG. 12 is an exploded perspective view of the solar cell module.
【図13】その太陽電池モジュールの枠体の要部の分解
斜視図である。
FIG. 13 is an exploded perspective view of a main part of a frame body of the solar cell module.
【図14】従来の太陽電池モジュール取付け構造の一例
を示す説明図である。
FIG. 14 is an explanatory diagram showing an example of a conventional solar cell module mounting structure.
【図15】その取付け構造に使用される架台の断面図で
ある。
FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional view of a gantry used for the mounting structure.
【図16】その太陽電池モジュール取付け構造の一例を
示す断面図である。
FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view showing an example of the solar cell module mounting structure.
【図17】その取付け構造に使用される側面カバー部材
の取付け状態を分解して示す斜視図である。
FIG. 17 is an exploded perspective view showing a mounted state of a side cover member used for the mounting structure.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
10 太陽電池モジュール 18 電気ケーブル 20 枠体 21 長辺側枠体 21c 係合溝部 31 縦桟 32 貫通孔 33 縦桟の溝 35 リボン付きナット 38 縦長の孔 40 横桟 40a 横桟の溝 41 側面カバー 47 モジュール固定ボルト 48 袋ナット 54 樹脂性のシール 55 スレート支持金具 66 間カバー 10 solar cell module 18 electric cables 20 frame 21 Long side frame 21c Engagement groove 31 Vertical cross 32 through holes 33 Vertical bar groove 35 Nut with ribbon 38 Vertical hole 40 side rail 40a Side rail groove 41 Side cover 47 Module fixing bolt 48 cap nuts 54 Resin seal 55 Slate support bracket 66-cover

Claims (2)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 複数の太陽電池セルが平板状に構成され
    た太陽電池本体部と、この太陽電池本体部の各側縁部に
    枠材がそれぞれ嵌合されて構成された枠体とを有する複
    数の太陽電池モジュールを相互に隣接した状態で架台上
    に取付けるための太陽電池モジュールの取付け構造であ
    って、各太陽電池モジュールのいずれかの枠材が上面に
    設置される架台と、上方に向かって開口する溝状になる
    ように、架台上に載置される枠材の外側面に設けられた
    係合溝部と、その係合溝部が設けられた枠材に沿って直
    線上になっており、係合溝部内に一方の側縁部が嵌入さ
    れることにより、係合溝部の側方を覆うカバー部材と、
    このカバー部材を挿通して横桟に係止されるボルトとを
    具備する太陽電池モジュールの取付け構造において、枠
    材が載置される前記架台の上面に、前記ボルトのネジ部
    が挿通し得る開口部が設けられて、前記ボルトは、前記
    開口の幅より広く前記架台の上面短手方向幅よりも狭い
    平板部とネジ部とよりなり、前記ボルトの前記平板部は
    前記架台の内部に嵌入され、前記ボルトの前記ネジ部は
    このカバー部材を挿通して、前記ネジ部の先端部には、
    前記カバー部材上面において、係止部材がネジ結合され
    ていることを特徴とする太陽電池モジュールの取付け構
    造。
    1. A solar cell main body having a plurality of solar cells formed in a flat plate shape, and a frame body having frame members fitted to respective side edges of the solar cell main body. A solar cell module mounting structure for mounting a plurality of solar cell modules on a pedestal in a state in which they are adjacent to each other. So as to form a groove that opens on the pedestal, the engaging groove portion provided on the outer surface of the frame material and the engaging groove portion are linear along the frame material provided. A cover member that covers the side of the engagement groove portion by fitting one side edge portion into the engagement groove portion,
    In a mounting structure of a solar cell module including a bolt which is inserted through the cover member and locked to a horizontal rail, an opening through which a screw portion of the bolt can be inserted in an upper surface of the mount on which a frame member is placed. A portion is provided, the bolt includes a flat plate portion that is wider than a width of the opening and narrower than a width in a lateral direction of an upper surface of the pedestal, and a screw portion, and the flat plate portion of the bolt is fitted into the pedestal. , The threaded portion of the bolt is inserted through the cover member, the tip of the threaded portion,
    An attachment structure for a solar cell module, wherein a locking member is screwed on the upper surface of the cover member.
  2. 【請求項2】 前記架台の上部と前記枠材の間の1箇所
    または数箇所で両端に立ち上がり部があるH型のアース
    金具を設けることを特徴とした請求項5に記載の太陽電
    池モジュールの取付け構造。
    2. The solar cell module according to claim 5, wherein H-shaped grounding metal fittings having rising portions at both ends are provided at one or several points between the upper portion of the frame and the frame member. Mounting structure.
JP2003170765A 2003-06-16 2003-06-16 Attaching construction for solar cell module Pending JP2003343058A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2003170765A JP2003343058A (en) 2003-06-16 2003-06-16 Attaching construction for solar cell module

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2003170765A JP2003343058A (en) 2003-06-16 2003-06-16 Attaching construction for solar cell module

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP12936898A Division JP3502262B2 (en) 1998-05-13 1998-05-13 Mounting structure of solar cell module

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2003343058A true JP2003343058A (en) 2003-12-03

Family

ID=29774842

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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ES2333496A1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2010-02-22 Aluminos La Serena, S.A Frame for solar panels. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
EP2187448A2 (en) * 2008-10-21 2010-05-19 Sunfilm AG System for attaching, solar assembly and method for filling a solar assembly
EP2031661A3 (en) * 2007-07-23 2010-07-07 Johann Henkenjohann Photovoltaic module with frames made from ALU framework profiles
FR2944817A1 (en) * 2009-04-23 2010-10-29 Alain Roger Surzur Device for fixing sectional rail receiving solar or photovoltaic panels on inclined structure or roof, has sectional flange comprising two lower ribs, self-chock template, and trapezoidal sectioned disks positioned on tubular support
WO2010125699A1 (en) * 2009-05-01 2010-11-04 株式会社屋根技術研究所 Solar cell module fixing structure and frame and fixing member for solar cell module
WO2011118559A1 (en) * 2010-03-25 2011-09-29 シャープ株式会社 Solar cell module
JP2012087613A (en) * 2009-08-07 2012-05-10 Sharp Corp Frame for installing structure, method for constructing the same, and solar battery system
CN103017385A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-04-03 云南中建博能工程技术有限公司 Integral solar heat collecting component for building
CN103066138A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-04-24 羲和太阳能电力有限公司 Mounting fixture for photovoltaic module
JP2013105780A (en) * 2011-11-10 2013-05-30 Nikkeikin Aluminium Core Technology Co Ltd Frame member fixing structure
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ITVI20120008A1 (en) * 2012-01-12 2013-07-13 Js Srl FIXING DEVICE FOR PANELS, IN PARTICULAR FOR SOLAR THERMAL OR PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS.
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US9951972B2 (en) 2014-11-28 2018-04-24 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Fixing metal bracket and solar battery system
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ES2333496A1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2010-02-22 Aluminos La Serena, S.A Frame for solar panels. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
ES2333496B1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2011-01-31 Aluminios La Serena, S.A FRAME FOR SOLAR PANELS.
EP2031661A3 (en) * 2007-07-23 2010-07-07 Johann Henkenjohann Photovoltaic module with frames made from ALU framework profiles
EP2187448A3 (en) * 2008-10-21 2011-07-13 Sunfilm AG System for attaching, solar assembly and method for filling a solar assembly
EP2187448A2 (en) * 2008-10-21 2010-05-19 Sunfilm AG System for attaching, solar assembly and method for filling a solar assembly
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WO2010125699A1 (en) * 2009-05-01 2010-11-04 株式会社屋根技術研究所 Solar cell module fixing structure and frame and fixing member for solar cell module
US8273981B2 (en) 2009-05-01 2012-09-25 Yanegijutsukenkyujo Co., Ltd. Structure for securing solar cell modules and frame and securing member for solar cell modules
CN102282326B (en) * 2009-05-01 2014-01-01 株式会社屋根技术研究所 Solar cell module fixing structure and frame and fixing member for solar cell module
JP2012087613A (en) * 2009-08-07 2012-05-10 Sharp Corp Frame for installing structure, method for constructing the same, and solar battery system
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CN103548255B (en) * 2011-05-06 2016-11-23 三菱电机株式会社 Solar cell system and solar module
CN103548255A (en) * 2011-05-06 2014-01-29 三菱电机株式会社 Solar cell system and solar cell module
JP2013105780A (en) * 2011-11-10 2013-05-30 Nikkeikin Aluminium Core Technology Co Ltd Frame member fixing structure
JP2013124464A (en) * 2011-12-13 2013-06-24 Asahi Kasei Homes Co Functional panel support frame
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ITVI20120008A1 (en) * 2012-01-12 2013-07-13 Js Srl FIXING DEVICE FOR PANELS, IN PARTICULAR FOR SOLAR THERMAL OR PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS.
JP2013231293A (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-11-14 Hory Corp Rail fixing structure
JP2013231294A (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-11-14 Hory Corp Rail fixing structure
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CN103017385A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-04-03 云南中建博能工程技术有限公司 Integral solar heat collecting component for building
CN103066138A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-04-24 羲和太阳能电力有限公司 Mounting fixture for photovoltaic module
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CN104821778B (en) * 2014-01-31 2017-12-05 日轻金Act株式会社 Solar panel stand
US9951972B2 (en) 2014-11-28 2018-04-24 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Fixing metal bracket and solar battery system
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