JP2003320843A - Vehicle air conditioner - Google Patents

Vehicle air conditioner

Info

Publication number
JP2003320843A
JP2003320843A JP2002133646A JP2002133646A JP2003320843A JP 2003320843 A JP2003320843 A JP 2003320843A JP 2002133646 A JP2002133646 A JP 2002133646A JP 2002133646 A JP2002133646 A JP 2002133646A JP 2003320843 A JP2003320843 A JP 2003320843A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
air
vehicle
duct
heat
blower
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2002133646A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Reiji Kikuchi
Yoshimasa Kuwata
Tomoo Taguchi
義正 桑田
知生 田口
礼治 菊池
Original Assignee
Mazda Motor Corp
マツダ株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mazda Motor Corp, マツダ株式会社 filed Critical Mazda Motor Corp
Priority to JP2002133646A priority Critical patent/JP2003320843A/en
Publication of JP2003320843A publication Critical patent/JP2003320843A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/80Technologies aiming to reduce greenhouse gasses emissions common to all road transportation technologies
    • Y02T10/88Optimized components or subsystems, e.g. lighting, actively controlled glasses

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To improve comfortability by enhancing a cooling efficiency upon parking of a vehicle at a lower cost in an auxiliary air conditioner using Peltier element. <P>SOLUTION: The vehicle air conditioner is provided with a solar battery 3 provided on an outer surface of a vehicle 1; and a Peltier element unit 10 electrically connected to the solar battery 3 and arranged such that a heat absorption surface 10a is faced to the inside of an air blow duct 30 so as to be heat-exchanged with the air in the air blow duct 30 and a heat release surface 10b is faced to the outside of the cabin through a cowl 34 provided at a front side of the vehicle so as to be heat-exchanged with the air outside the cabin. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2004,JPO

Description

Description: BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an air conditioner for a vehicle.
In particular, Peltier devices are used to cool and heat
The present invention relates to an air conditioner for performing the above. [0002] Conventionally, a thermoelectric element having a heat exchange function has been used.
Thus, Peltier devices are known. As shown in FIG.
The Peltier element 5 has an N-type semiconductor 6 and a P-type semiconductor 7.
PN connection continuously by arranging them and connecting them
A connection point is provided. When a current is applied, P-type semiconductor
At the connection point where current flows from the body 7 to the N-type semiconductor 6
The heat is dissipated from the junction where current flows from the N-type semiconductor 6 to the P-type semiconductor 7.
At the continuation point, heat is absorbed. That is, in FIG.
When a current flows in the direction of arrow A, the upper surface 5b
Heat dissipation and heat absorption are performed on the lower surface 5a. Ma
When the current flows in the reverse direction, the upper surface 5b absorbs the electric current.
Heat is dissipated on the lower surface 5a. From the heat dissipation side
The heat absorption on the heat absorption side is
Promoted. [0003] Such a Peltier element 5 has a heat exchange function.
As it is exerted by electric energy,
If it is used for an air conditioner of a traveling vehicle, the engine
Even when stopped, supply power from the power supply.
It is possible to perform air conditioning in the passenger compartment. Also its power
If a solar cell is used, the vehicle interior
This is suitable for an auxiliary air conditioner that suppresses a rise in temperature.
An example of such an auxiliary air conditioner is disclosed in Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 58-1368.
15. [0004] The air conditioner described in the above-mentioned publication is a vehicle air conditioner.
A solar cell is installed in the
Peltier installed in the air duct that is part of the air conditioner
Air-conditioning elements, and also blowers that are part of existing air-conditioners
Power from the solar cell according to the temperature inside and outside the vehicle
To supply cold air to the passenger compartment
Even when the vehicle is parked and the engine is not running,
This enables indoor cooling. Such a configuration,
Comfort when a passenger gets into a vehicle parked in the hot sun
Can be improved and existing air conditioning systems
Because it is realized only by adding a battery and a Peltier element,
It is considered to be cost effective. [0005] Needless to say, such an air conditioner as described above,
It is necessary that sufficient power be supplied from the solar cell
You. However, due to vehicle design constraints, vehicle
Installed on the roof if the roof area is not large
Solar cells must be small, and from solar cells
Shortly after the occupant gets into the vehicle due to insufficient power
There is a possibility that comfort cannot be sufficiently secured. Also Perch
Since the air conditioning element is added to existing air conditioners,
Installed in areas where cooling efficiency is not always good.
May be considered. Such a problem is the Peltier element
Can be solved by improving the cooling capacity of
This would lead to an increase in size and cost of the Luce element.
You. [0006] The present invention solves the above problems.
This was done in light of the existing issues.
Auxiliary equipment using Peltier elements added to air conditioners
In the air conditioner, consider the arrangement of Peltier elements, etc.
To increase the cooling efficiency when parking the vehicle at a lower cost.
To improve comfort. [0007] A first structure of the present invention is as follows.
In the instrument panel provided at the front of the cabin
A ventilation duct which is arranged and transports air;
Heat exchange unit installed in duct, blower duct described above
And one end of the air duct.
Through the instrument panel
The heat exchange unit to heat or
Passes the cooled air through the blower and the air duct
And the vehicle is configured to blow out from the outlet into the vehicle interior.
In both air conditioners, the solar power
The pond and the solar cell are electrically connected, and the heat absorbing surface is
Heat exchange with the air in the air duct
Heat exchange with the air outside the vehicle compartment
Facing the outside of the cabin through the cowl provided at the front of the vehicle
Characterized by having Peltier elements arranged in
A vehicle air conditioner. According to the above configuration, heat radiation of the Peltier device is achieved.
The surface is arranged so that it faces directly outside the cabin through the cowl.
You. Therefore, the heat dissipation efficiency on the heat dissipation surface increases, and
The heat absorption efficiency of the surface also increases, and when the vehicle is parked, etc.
Cooling in the front of the cabin can be performed more efficiently.
You. A second configuration of the present invention is provided at a front portion in a vehicle interior.
Placed in the instrument panel
Duct for transferring air to the air duct, provided in the duct
Heat exchange unit, and a blower installed in the air duct
Lower and one end of the ventilation duct
Has an outlet that faces the passenger compartment through the instrument panel
And the air heated or cooled by the heat exchange unit.
Air through the blower and the air duct
For air conditioning systems of vehicles configured to blow out from the mouth into the passenger compartment
The solar cell provided on the outer surface of the vehicle
Adjacent to the part near the outlet in the duct
The exhaust duct that communicates with the outside of the cabin and the solar cell
The air absorption surface is connected to the air and heat in the air duct.
Exchangeable so that it faces the inside of the air duct and dissipates heat
The surface of the exhaust duct allows heat exchange with the air in the exhaust duct.
And the exhaust duct so that they face the inside of the
Equipped with a Peltier element
And a vehicle air conditioner. [0010] According to the above configuration, the vicinity of the outlet is located near the outlet.
The air in the air duct is cooled by the Peltier device.
The air immediately after cooling is blown into the vehicle interior
In other words, when the vehicle is parked, etc.
Can be performed efficiently with little heat loss. A third configuration of the present invention is provided at the rear side of the vehicle interior.
At least the vehicle pillars inside the trimmed side trim
Air duct that is located along and transports air
G, a heat exchange unit provided in the air duct,
Blower provided in air duct, and air duct described above
At one end of the vehicle, at the roof of the vehicle
With an outlet facing the heat exchanger
Alternatively, the cooled air is supplied to the blower and the air duct.
Is configured to blow into the vehicle interior from the outlet through
In a vehicle air conditioner,
The solar cell is electrically connected to the solar cell and the heat absorbing surface is
Heat exchange with the air in the air duct
Heat exchange with air outside the vehicle compartment so that it faces inside
Arrange so as to face the outside of the cabin through pillars
Vehicle provided with a placed Peltier element
Air conditioner. According to the above configuration, heat radiation of the Peltier element is achieved.
Arranged so that the surface directly faces the outside of the cabin through the pillars of the vehicle
Is done. Therefore, the heat radiation efficiency on the heat radiation surface increases.
The heat absorption efficiency of the heat absorption surface will also increase, such as when parking a vehicle
More efficient cooling at the rear of the vehicle interior
come. [0013] A fourth configuration of the present invention is provided on the rear side of the vehicle cabin.
At least the vehicle pillars inside the trimmed side trim
Air duct that is located along and transports air
G, a heat exchange unit provided in the air duct,
Blower provided in air duct, and air duct described above
At one end of the vehicle, at the roof of the vehicle
With an outlet facing the heat exchanger
Alternatively, the cooled air is supplied to the blower and the air duct.
Is configured to blow into the vehicle interior from the outlet through
In a vehicle air conditioner,
The solar cell is electrically connected to the solar cell,
Adjacent to the part of the duct along the pillar
The exhaust duct that communicates with the outside of the cabin and the heat absorbing surface
Facing the above air duct so that heat can be exchanged with the air inside the duct.
And the heat radiation surface is in heat exchange with the air in the exhaust duct.
Replace the air blower so that it faces the inside of the exhaust duct
Pel located adjacent to the duct and the exhaust duct
A vehicle air conditioner characterized by having a cho element
is there. [0014] According to the above construction, the roof is provided with
In the air duct at the pillar part near the outlet
Air is cooled by the Peltier element,
The air immediately after being blown will be blown into the cabin,
Cooling at the rear of the cabin during parking, etc.
It can be performed efficiently in a good condition. A fifth configuration of the present invention is provided at a front portion in a vehicle interior.
Placed in the instrument panel
Duct for transferring air to the air duct, provided in the duct
Heat exchange unit, and a blower installed in the air duct
Lower, the instrument installed at one end of the air duct
Air outlet facing the vehicle interior through the instrument panel, and
It is provided near the other end of the air duct and communicates with the outside of the cabin.
External air introduction section for introducing air from outside and communication with vehicle interior
Inside air introduction section that introduces air from the passenger compartment and outside air introduction section
And a switching damper for selectively closing the inside air introduction section
Inside and outside air switching section, and the heat exchange unit
Heat or cooled air is blown into the blower and
Through the air outlet through the outlet
Vehicle air conditioner installed on the outer surface of the vehicle
A solar cell and electrically connected to the solar cell.
When the switching damper closes the outside air introduction part
In addition, the heat absorption surface circulates in the car through the air duct.
To face the inside of the air duct so that heat can be exchanged with air,
Switch so that the heat radiation surface faces the outside air introduction side
It is characterized by having a Peltier element provided in the damper
It is a vehicle air conditioner. According to the above configuration, the Peltier element blows air.
Provided on the switching damper located near the outside air introduction section of the duct
Cooling is performed by the Peltier element
The heat radiation surface is located near the outside air introduction part.
You. Therefore, the heat dissipation efficiency on the heat dissipation surface increases, and
The heat absorption efficiency of the surface also increases, and when the vehicle is parked, etc.
Cooling in the front of the cabin can be performed more efficiently.
You. Also, the switching damper is in a state in which the outside air introduction section is closed.
To circulate through the car through the air duct
Since the air is cooled by the Peltier element,
The indoor cooling effect is further improved. According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a vehicle comprising:
In a vehicle having a window opening communicating with the outdoor
An air conditioner for a vehicle attached to the window opening.
A solar cell provided on the outer surface of the vehicle,
Having a shape that at least partially covers the dough opening;
The base plate attached to the window opening and the above
It is electrically connected to solar cells and the heat absorbing surface is
Heat exchange is possible with the air inside, and the heat radiation surface is
A pel attached to the base plate for heat exchange
It is an air conditioner of a vehicle having a Che element. According to the above configuration, heat radiation of the Peltier element
Surface directly outside the cabin and heat absorbing surface directly into the cabin
Therefore, the heat dissipation efficiency and heat absorption efficiency of the Peltier element
Both can be improved, and eventually a Peltier device
The cooling efficiency is improved. The seventh structure of the present invention is the first structure of the present invention.
To an air conditioner for a vehicle according to any one of the sixth to sixth configurations.
The heat absorption surface and the heat radiation surface of the Peltier element
Made of heat conductive material and have fins
Is covered by a plate. According to the above arrangement, the plate and the fin
Increases the surface area of the part that radiates and absorbs heat
Heat dissipation and heat absorption by the Peltier element
Is An eighth configuration of the present invention is the first configuration of the present invention.
An air conditioner for a vehicle according to any one of the seventh to seventh aspects.
The air near the heat dissipation surface of the Peltier element is
A fan that exhausts to the outside of the vehicle
It is something that has been damaged. According to the above configuration, heat radiation of the Peltier element
Forcibly exhausting air near the surface with a fan
As a result, the temperature of the air near the heat radiation surface can be reduced,
Heat absorption by the heat absorbing part of the Peltier element is effectively promoted.
You. A ninth configuration of the present invention is arranged in a vehicle interior.
Air duct for transferring air
And one end of the air duct.
Has an outlet facing the passenger compartment, and
Air through the blower and the air duct
Air-conditioning system of a vehicle configured to blow out from the outlet into the passenger compartment
A solar cell provided on the outer surface of the vehicle,
It is electrically connected to the solar cell, and the heat absorbing surface is
So that it can exchange heat with the air inside
And the heat dissipation surface can be exchanged with the air outside the cabin outside the cabin.
That a Peltier element is arranged to face directly
A vehicle air conditioner characterized by the following. According to the above configuration, heat radiation of the Peltier element
It is arranged so that the surface directly faces the outside of the cabin. Therefore, heat dissipation
The heat absorption efficiency of the heat absorbing surface is high because the heat dissipation efficiency on the surface is increased
Cooling the vehicle interior when parking the vehicle, etc.
Can be performed more efficiently. According to a tenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided
Blower duct for transferring air
At the blower provided in the
The air duct is provided and has an outlet facing the interior of the vehicle.
Air through the blower and the air duct
Air conditioning of vehicles configured to blow out from the outlet into the passenger compartment
In the device, near the outlet in the ventilation duct
Exhaust duct adjacent to the side and communicating outside the vehicle
A solar cell provided on the outer surface of the vehicle, and the solar cell
And the heat absorbing surface is connected to the air in the air duct.
So that it faces the inside of the air duct so that heat can be exchanged with it, and
The heat radiation surface allows the heat exchange with the air in the exhaust duct.
Air duct and the exhaust duct so that they face the inside of the air duct.
Equipped with a Peltier element located adjacent to the air duct
An air conditioner for a vehicle. According to the above configuration, the vicinity of the outlet is
The air in the air duct is cooled by the Peltier device.
The air immediately after cooling is blown into the vehicle interior
In other words, when the vehicle is parked,
It can be performed efficiently with little heat loss. According to the present invention, the present invention can be added to an existing air conditioner.
Auxiliary air conditioning system using Peltier elements
To improve cooling efficiency when parking a vehicle at lower cost
Rukoto can. Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
This will be described with reference to FIG. First, the configuration common to each embodiment
Solar cells, Peltier devices and their control circuits
The outline of the road will be described. A vehicle equipped with an air conditioner according to the present invention
As shown in FIG. 1 which is a perspective view, the roof 2 of the vehicle 1 has a large thickness.
A positive battery 3 is provided. Figure 1 shows an example of a roof
A so-called sunroof panel 4 whose opening can be closed / opened
Shows what was constituted from a solar cell panel. Solar cell
3 is the battery 2 via the wiring and the controller 21
0 and a Peltier element 5 (not shown)
I have. About their connection and the control of controller 21
Will be described later. In each embodiment, the vehicle 1 has an engine
Runs by motor, but can run by motor
Or so-called hybrid or electric vehicles
No. The principle of the Peltier device 5 is shown in FIG.
In this way, N-type semiconductors 6 and P-type semiconductors 7 are alternately arranged,
By connecting them, a PN connection point was provided continuously.
Things. When a current is applied, the N-type half
At the connection point where current flows through the conductor 6, heat is dissipated
At the connection point where current flows from the conductor 6 to the P-type semiconductor 7
Is endothermic. The shape is almost plate-shaped,
Two terminals connected to the pond 3 are provided. Between terminals
When a DC current is applied to the surface, one surface (heat absorbing surface) 5a
Heat is absorbed by the other surface (radiation surface) 5b.
You. Heat-dissipating and heat-absorbing surfaces are switched when the direction of current flow is reversed.
Is the term heat-absorbing surface as used herein and
The term heat dissipating surfaces means that those surfaces absorb
Those that are energized in the direction of heat and heat radiation
And In the present embodiment, the pel in the present invention is used.
As shown in FIG.
The choe element 5 is a plate having fins 11a on both surfaces thereof.
11 are attached to form the Peltier device unit 10.
You. The plate 11 is made of a material such as a metal having a high thermal conductivity.
The plate 11 has a plurality of fins 11a on one side.
The Peltier element 5 has silicon on both sides.
Glued by grease. High heat of plate 11
The conductivity and the high surface area provided by the fins 11a are combined.
When the Peltier element unit 10 is energized,
Efficient heat exchange, that is, heat absorption and heat dissipation
You. Although the details will be described later, the above characteristics of the Peltier element 5
Utilizing the power from the solar cell 3 while the vehicle 1 is parked
Peltier element unit to allow more cooling in the cabin
10 is an air conditioner or win as an existing vehicle configuration
It is located at the dough opening. Solar cell 3, Peltier element unit 10,
And connection of the battery 20 and the controller 21
Will be described with reference to FIG. 3 of the present invention.
I do. As shown in FIG. 3, the solar cell 3, the battery 20,
And the Peltier element unit 10 include a controller 21
Are electrically connected to each other. Also controller
21 is a control signal from the temperature sensor 22
The temperature inside and the battery capacity from the battery 20
Information and a manifold installed in the passenger compartment and operated by the occupants.
Whether the switch is on or off
Information is input respectively. And the controller
21 is a manual switch 2 based on the information.
3 is on, the power generated by solar cell 3 is backed up.
For charging the battery 20 and driving the Peltier element unit 10
And the manual switch 23 is off.
The solar cell 3, the battery 20, and the Peltier device
When the electrical connection with the unit 10 is cut off,
The function of the positive battery 3 is stopped. The above battery 20
For vehicles that run on the engine,
A battery usually provided for driving electrical components,
In the case of so-called hybrid or electric vehicles,
Battery that supplies power to the motor. Hereinafter, a first embodiment of the present invention will be described.
1st Embodiment of this invention is a schematic top view of a vehicle front part.
As shown in FIG. 4, inside the instrument panel 8 in the vehicle interior
Blower duct 30 that is arranged in
A heat exchange unit 31 provided in the air duct 30;
Blower 32 provided in the air duct 30
The air heated or cooled by the replacement unit 31 is blown out.
Front seat in the vehicle cabin via lower 32 and air duct 30
A typical vehicle air conditioner configured to blow into the vicinity
33, the solar cell 3 and the controller as described above.
The Peltier device unit 10 connected to the
The hot surface 10a is sent so as to exchange heat with the air in the air duct 30.
The heat radiation surface 10b faces the inside of the wind duct 30 and
Through the cowl 34 at the front of the vehicle to allow heat exchange with outdoor air
It is arranged so that it faces the outside of the cabin. This embodiment
In the air conditioner 33 according to the state, the solar cell 3
The configuration excluding the roller 21 and the Peltier element unit 10 is as follows.
It has the same configuration as a conventional general vehicle air conditioner.
In the following, detailed description will not be given.
About the air duct 30 and the Peltier element unit 10
This will be described below. The air duct 30 is provided with an instrument panel.
Is arranged in the file 8. At one end of the air duct 30
If the outside air introduction portion 30a that opens outside the vehicle compartment is provided
In both cases, the flow of outside air introduced from the outside air introduction section 30a is
The inside / outside air switching unit 30b and the blower storage unit 30
c, a Peltier element unit mounting opening 30d is provided.
And reaches the heat exchange unit storage section 30e. Blast duck
Downstream of the heat exchange unit storage section 30e in
Although not shown, it is provided on the instrument panel 8.
The blower outlet communicates with the blower outlet
The blower 32 provided in the
It is designed to be blown out from near the front seat occupant after passing through the storage section 30e.
Has been established. Also, the blower 32 is used when the vehicle is running.
Cooling using solar cells 3 in addition to normal air conditioning that is performed
Is driven by the power from the solar cell 3 when the
To the solar cell 3 via the controller 21
It is connected to the. The Peltier element unit of the air duct 30
Attached opening 30d is a dash panel of ventilation duct 30
It is provided on the side surface along 37. Dash panel
Of the Peltier element unit mounting opening 30d
A dash panel opening 37a is formed at the corresponding position.
Have been. Through these openings 30d, 37a
The Luce element unit 10 is arranged. Specifically, FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line BB of FIG.
As shown in FIG. 5, the Peltier element unit mounting opening
Part 30d and the dash panel opening 37a
, A Peltier element unit 10 is attached. Ma
The heat absorbing surface 10a of the Peltier element unit 10 is
The heat radiation surface 10b is outside the dash panel 37 in the connector 30.
Is located in the cowl 34. Inside cowl 34
A sub cowl panel 35 surrounding the hot surface 10b is provided.
And a fan 36 is provided on its upper surface.
And the inside of the sub cowl panel 35 discharged from the heat radiation surface 10b
Exhausted hot air is discharged outside the vehicle. Fan 36
Controller driven by electric power by pond 3
21 and the solar cell 3. The Peltier element unit 10 is attached by
In the Peltier element unit mounting opening 30d of the duct 30
Peltier element unit 10 has heat-absorbing surface 10a with air duct
30 and fix it with bolts etc.
Assembling the Peltier element unit 10 and the air duct 30
The heat dissipation surface 10b of the Peltier element unit 10
Attached to the vehicle body so that it is located outside the vehicle through the shpanel 37
It can be done by doing. With the above configuration, when the vehicle is parked,
If the worker turns on the manual switch 23, the sun
With the power from the battery 3, the Peltier device unit 10
The blower 32 is driven to cool the passenger compartment.
You. Further, the heat radiation surface 10b of the Peltier element unit 10
Because it is located inside the cowl 34, heat dissipation efficiency increases
In addition, the heat absorbing surface 10a can be prevented from being exposed to direct sunlight.
It can contribute to improvement of heat absorption efficiency. Furthermore, at the same time, the solar cell 3
The fan 36 is driven by the electric power
The heat exhausted from the heat radiation surface 10b of the element unit 10
The air is efficiently exhausted outside the vehicle,
Thus, the cooling efficiency of the air in the container 30 increases. Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described.
FIG. 6 is a top view of a vehicle front part according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in FIG.
A ventilation duct 230 that is placed and transports air
A heat exchange unit 231 provided in the wind duct 230;
And a blower 232 provided in the air duct 230.
And then heated or cooled by the heat exchange unit 231.
Air is blown through the blower 232 and the air duct 230
A common air outlet designed to blow out near the front seats in the room
In the air conditioner 233 of the vehicle, the air duct 230
Adjacent to the vicinity of the air outlet 238 that communicates with the outside of the cabin.
The air duct 240 is provided, and the solar cell 3 and the
Peltier element unit 21 connected to trawler 21
0, the heat absorption surface 210a is
To face the inside of the air duct 230 interchangeably, and
Heat dissipation surface 210b can exchange heat with air in exhaust duct 240
Air duct, facing the inside of the exhaust duct 240
230 and the exhaust duct 240
is there. As in the first embodiment described above, according to the present embodiment,
In the air conditioner 233, the solar cell 3, the controller
21 and the configuration excluding the Peltier element unit 210
Since it has the same configuration as the air conditioner of a conventional general vehicle,
Detailed description will not be provided, and transmission as a characteristic part of the present embodiment will be described.
Wind duct 230, exhaust duct 240 and Peltier device
The knit 210 will be described below. The ventilation duct 230 is connected to the instrument
It is arranged in the panel 8. One end of ventilation duct 230
Is provided with an outside air introduction portion 230a that opens outside the vehicle compartment.
And the outside air introduced from the outside air introduction section 230a.
The inside and outside air switching unit 230b and the blower
Storage section 230c and heat exchange unit storage section 230e are provided.
Have been. Heat exchange unit 2 in ventilation duct 230
The part downstream from 31 is inside the instrument panel 8
Through the air blower provided on the front of the instrument panel 8.
The outlet 238 communicates with the blower storage section 230c.
The blower 232 provided blows heat from the heat exchange unit.
It passes through the storage section 230e and blows out from the vicinity of the front passenger.
It is configured. The blower 232 is used when the vehicle is running.
In addition to the usual air conditioning performed by
When cooling is performed, power is
To the solar cell 3 via the controller 21 to be moved
It is electrically connected. Near the outlet 238 of the air duct 230
Is provided with an exhaust duct 240 communicating with the outside of the passenger compartment.
You. One end of the exhaust duct 240 is an instrument panel.
Through the dash panel 237 from inside the vehicle 8
The other end of the exhaust duct 240 is
Is formed so as to be adjacent to the
The Peltier device unit 210 is provided for each of the components. The ventilation duct 230 and the exhaust duct 240 are adjacent
The parts that touch each other have almost identical shapes in both ducts.
Che element unit mounting openings 230d and 240a are formed
Have been. Through those openings 230d, 240a
The Peltier element unit 210 has its heat absorbing surface 210a
Is inside the ventilation duct 230, and the heat radiation surface 210b is
240. That is, both
Peltier device units 210 of
The cross section of the portion to be placed is a cross-sectional view taken along the line CC of FIG.
This is shown in FIG. Further, an opening of the exhaust duct 240 on the outside of the passenger compartment.
A fan 236 is attached near the portion 240b.
You. The fan 236 is driven by power from the solar cell 3.
To the controller 21 and the solar cell 3
Connected to the Peltier element unit 210
Heat discharged from the surface 210b and staying in the exhaust duct 240
Discharge the air outside the vehicle. With the above configuration, when the vehicle is parked,
If the worker turns on the manual switch 23, the sun
Peltier element unit 210
And the blower 232 are driven to cool the passenger compartment.
I can do it. In particular, the Peltier element unit 210
Since it is provided near the outlet 238 of the
The air flowing through the air duct 230 is the Peltier element unit.
Immediately after being cooled by the vehicle 210
In other words, more efficient cooling can be performed. Ma
At the same time, the exhaust duct 2
40, the fan 236 provided in the
Ejected from the heat radiation surface 210b of the Che element unit 210
Heat is exhausted out of the vehicle through the exhaust duct 240,
Cooling effect of air in ventilation duct 230 on surface 210a
The rate increases. Next, a third embodiment of the present invention will be described.
The third embodiment of the present invention is a schematic side view of a vehicle.
8 and FIG. 9 which is a sectional view taken along the line DD in FIG.
And a C-pillar inside the side trim 351 at the rear of the cabin
Blows arranged along 350 and transporting air
Heat exchange provided in duct 330 and air duct 330
Unit 331 and provided in the air duct 330
It has a blower 332 and is heated by the heat exchange unit 331
Alternatively, the cooled air is supplied to the blower 332 and the air duct 3.
30 from the roof 2 of the vehicle 1 to the rear seats in the vehicle interior
A typical rear-seat vehicle configured to blow out to the side
In the air conditioner 333, the solar cells 3 and
Peltier device unit connected to controller 21
310, the heat absorbing surface 310a is
So that it can be exchanged with
And the heat dissipating surface 310b can exchange heat with air outside the vehicle
So that it faces the outside of the cabin from the C pillar 350
It was done. This embodiment is similar to the above-described embodiments.
In the air conditioner 333 according to the embodiment, the solar cell 3
Excluding the roller 21 and the Peltier element unit 310
The configuration is similar to that of a conventional general vehicle air conditioner.
Therefore, the detailed description will not be given, and the characteristic portions of the present embodiment will be described.
Ventilation duct 330 and Peltier element unit 31
0 will be described below. The ventilation duct 330 in the present embodiment is
The roof from inside the side trim 351 at the rear of the vehicle 1
It is arranged inside the trim 352. In particular,
Ventilation duct 330 is used to conduct inside air that faces the passenger compartment on the rear side of the vehicle.
Inlet 330g, blower storage 330c, heat exchange unit
Vehicle through the storage compartment 330e and the C pillar 330f.
1 to the outlet 338 of the roof 2
To the blower 332 provided in the blower storage section 330c.
Blows through the heat exchange unit storage section 330e and the rear seats
It is configured to be blown out from above toward the occupant. Ma
In addition, the blower 332 is a normal
When cooling using the solar cell 3 is performed in addition to air conditioning
To be driven by power from the solar cell 3
Electrically connected to the solar cell 3 via the roller 21
I have. In the vicinity of the C-pillar 350 of the ventilation duct 330
The part has a Peltier element unit mounting opening 330d.
Have been killed. On the other hand, Peltier element in C pillar 350
The outer panel 3 is located near the child unit mounting opening 330d.
A recess 350b is formed by recessing 50a into the cabin.
And a Peltier element unit is mounted in the recess 350b.
The C pillar opening 35 is located at a position substantially coincident with the opening 330d.
0c is provided. Those openings 330d, 35
0c, the Peltier element unit 310 is arranged
You. Specifically, as shown in FIG.
Element unit mounting opening 330d and C pillar opening 3
Peltier element unit 310 so as to pass through
Is installed. Also, the Peltier element unit 31
0 heat-absorbing surface 310a faces the air duct 330.
And the heat dissipating surface 310b extends from the C pillar opening 350c.
It is exposed outside the car. Release of Peltier element unit 310
The heat surface 310b is housed in the recess 350b,
The recess 350b is further covered by a garnish 353.
ing. Also, the garnish 353 has a fan 336.
The recess 35 is provided from the heat radiation surface 310b and is
The hot air staying in Ob is discharged outside the vehicle. Fan 336
Is controlled by electric power from the solar cell 3.
Electrically connected to the roller 21 and the solar cell 3
You. With the above configuration, when the vehicle is parked,
If the worker turns on the manual switch 23, the sun
Peltier element unit 310
And the blower 332 are driven to cool the passenger compartment, especially the rear seat.
Cooling near the seat can be performed. In addition, the heat dissipation surface 310
Since b faces directly outside the vehicle, the heat radiation efficiency is improved.
It is covered with garnish 353, so
To prevent the heat absorption surface 310a from absorbing heat.
Can contribute to the top. Furthermore, at the same time,
Therefore, the fan 336 is driven, so that the Peltier device
Efficiency of the heat discharged from the heat radiation surface 310b of the knit 310
Blown out of the heat absorbing surface 310a
The cooling efficiency of the air in the port 330 is increased. Next, a fourth embodiment of the present invention will be described.
FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of a vehicle according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a sectional view taken along the line EE in FIG.
C-pillar inside the side trim 451 at the rear of the cabin
-450 that is located along
Air duct 430, heat exchange provided in air duct 430
Replacement unit 431 and the air supply duct 430.
With a blower 432,
Heated or cooled air is supplied to the blower 432 and the air duct.
430, from the roof 2 of the vehicle 1 to the rear seat of the vehicle interior
A typical car for the rear seats configured to blow into the vicinity
In both air conditioners 433, the air duct 430
Exhaust that communicates with the outside of the cabin adjacent to the C-pillar 450
A duct 440 is provided, and the solar cell 3 and the controller
Peltier element unit 410 connected to roller 21
The heat absorbing surface 410a exchanges heat with the air in the air duct 430.
Exchangeable facing the inside of the air duct 430 and the heat radiation surface
410b is exhausted so that it can exchange heat with the air in the exhaust duct 440.
The air duct 430 faces the inside of the air duct 440.
And an exhaust duct 440.
As in the above-described embodiments, the air conditioner
In the device 433, the solar cell 3, the controller 21,
The configuration excluding the Peltier element unit 410 is
Detailed explanation because it has the same configuration as a typical vehicle air conditioner
The ventilation duct as a characteristic part of this embodiment is not described.
430, exhaust duct 440, and Peltier device unit
The 410 will be described below. The structure of the air duct 430 is the same as that of the third
The same thing as that of the embodiment is used,
430 is a side trim 451 at the rear of the vehicle 1.
It is arranged from inside to the inside of the roof trim 452.
Specifically, the ventilation duct 430 is provided in the cabin on the rear side of the vehicle.
From the inside air introduction part 430g facing the
c, heat exchange unit storage section 430e, C pillar section 430
through f to the outlet 438 of the roof 2 of the vehicle 1
And is provided in the blower storage section 430c.
The air blown by the blower 432 is
e so that it is blown out from above near the rear passenger.
Have been. The blower 432 is the same as that of the third embodiment.
As in the case of normal air conditioning performed when driving a vehicle, etc.
In addition, when cooling by the solar cell 3 is performed,
Controller 2 to be driven by electric power from pond 3
1 and is electrically connected to the solar cell 3. The outlet 438 in the air duct 430
Adjacent to the portion along the C-pillar 450
And an exhaust duct 440 communicating with the outside of the cabin is provided.
You. One end of the exhaust duct 440 is connected to the rear fender 46.
0 Passes through the lower part and communicates with the outside of the vehicle
Is connected to the rear bumper 461.
On the other hand, the other end of the exhaust duct 440 is connected to the air duct 430.
It is formed to be adjacent, and the Peltier
An element unit 410 is provided. The ventilation duct 430 and the exhaust duct 440 are adjacent
The parts that touch each other have almost identical shapes in both ducts.
Che element unit mounting openings 430d and 440a are formed
Have been. Through those openings 430d, 440a
The Peltier element unit 410 has its heat absorbing surface 410a
Is located in the air duct 430, and the heat radiation surface 410b is located in the exhaust duct.
It is arranged to face inside 440. The opening of the exhaust duct 440 on the outside of the passenger compartment.
A fan 436 is attached near the portion 440b.
You. The fan 436 is driven by power from the solar cell 3.
To the controller 21 and the solar cell 3
Connected to the Peltier device unit 410
It is discharged from the surface 410b and stays in the exhaust duct 440.
Releases hot air out of the vehicle. With the above configuration, when the vehicle is parked,
If the worker turns on the manual switch 23, the sun
Peltier element unit 410
And the blower 432 are driven to cool the passenger compartment, especially the rear seat.
Cooling near the seat can be performed. In particular, Peltier elements
The unit 410 is near the outlet 438 of the air duct 430.
Since it is provided in the C pillar section 430f,
The air flowing in the wind duct 430 is a Peltier element unit.
Immediately after being cooled by 410
Thus, more efficient cooling can be performed. Ma
At the same time, the fan 436 is powered by the solar cell 3.
Is driven, the heat of the Peltier element unit 410 is dissipated.
The heat discharged from the surface 410b is efficiently discharged outside the vehicle.
The air in the air duct 430 on the heat absorbing surface 410a.
Cooling efficiency is increased. Further, the exhaust duct 440 is a Peltier
From the heat radiation surface 410b of the element unit 410 to the rear of the vehicle 1
Covered by bumper 461 under fender 460
Add parts such as garnish to be guided to the area
Good appearance of the part that emits hot air out of the car without doing
Keep good. Next, a fifth embodiment of the present invention will be described.
FIG. 12 is a top view of the front part of the vehicle, and FIG. 13 is a ventilation duct.
530 is a schematic view of the vicinity of the outside air introduction part 530a viewed from the vehicle interior side.
It is a schematic perspective view. The fifth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
As shown in FIG. 13, the ventilation duct 530 communicates with the outside of the vehicle compartment.
An outside air introduction unit 530a for introducing air from outside the vehicle compartment;
Inside air introduction unit that communicates with the vehicle interior and introduces air from the vehicle interior
530 g, an outside air introduction part 530 a and an inside air introduction part 530 g
Having a switching damper 570 for selectively closing
In a typical vehicle air conditioner 533, a Peltier element
The cutout 510 is provided on the switching damper 570
Then, the switching damper 570 closes the outside air introduction part 530a.
The heat absorbing surface 510 of the Peltier element unit 510
a is air and heat circulating in the vehicle through the air duct 530
To face the inside of the air duct 530 so that it can be exchanged, and
The radiating surface 510b faces the outside air inlet 530a.
It has been done. Same as each embodiment described above
In the air conditioner 533 according to the present embodiment,
Pond 3, controller 21, Peltier element unit 51
The configuration except for 0 is the same as that of a conventional general vehicle air conditioner.
Therefore, detailed description is not provided, and
Ventilation duct 530 and switching damper 57 as characteristic parts
0 and the Peltier element unit 510 are as follows.
explain. The ventilation duct 530 is connected to the instrument
It is arranged in the panel 8. One end of ventilation duct 530
Is provided with an outside air introduction portion 530a that opens outside the cabin.
And the outside air introduced from the outside air introduction section 530a.
The inside and outside air switching unit 530b and the blower
A storage unit 530c is provided, and the heat exchange unit 531 is provided.
Is reached in the heat exchange unit storage section 530e in which is stored. Sending
Heat exchange unit storage section 530e in wind duct 530
Although the part downstream from the instrument panel is not shown, the instrument panel
8 to the outlet provided in the blower storage section
Ventilation by blower 532 provided in 530c is heat exchange
Air blows out from near the front seat occupant through the unit storage section 530e
It is configured to be. Switching between inside and outside air provided in air duct 530
The part 530b has an inside air inlet having an opening communicating with the vehicle interior.
530g and the inside air introduction portion 53 on the inner surface of the air duct 530.
A switching damper 570 pivotally supported near 0 g.
The switching damper 570 swings around its pivot portion 570a.
To close the inside air introduction section 530 g and
State where 0 communicates with outside air (outside air introduction state) and inside air introduction
Opening part 530g and the inside air introduction part of air duct 530
530 g of the upstream part closed (inside air circulation state)
It is configured to take selectively. Switching damper 570
Is connected to the solar cell 3 via the controller 21.
It is performed by a motor (not shown) connected. The switching damper 570 has a Peltier element unit.
A socket 510 is attached. Specifically, Peltier
The switching damper 570 of the element unit 510 is
Inside the upstream part of the inside air introduction part 530g
In the air circulation state, the heat absorbing surface 510a is
The heat radiation surface 510b facing the downstream side of 530 and the ventilation duct
The switching damper 570 is installed so as to face the upstream side of 530.
Air that circulates when the internal air is circulating.
Cooling. The controller 21 is manually operated by the crew.
Drive the motor when the switch 23 is turned on
The switching damper 570 is brought into the inside air circulation state. On the other hand, the inside air introduction section in the air duct 530
Side surface near the outside air introduction part 530a upstream of 530g
Is provided with a fan 536. Fan 536
In order to be driven by the power from the solar cell 3,
Roller 21 and the solar cell 3,
Discharged from heat dissipation surface 510b of Peltier element unit 510
The hot air that has stayed in the air duct 530 is
Release from the side of 30 to the outside of the vehicle. That is, the present embodiment
When the Peltier element unit 510 is driven in
Indicates that the switching damper 570 is in an inside air circulation state,
Upstream of the switching damper 570 that closes the ventilation duct 530
Heat dissipation surface of Peltier device unit 510 located on the side surface
The heat released from 510 b is
It is discharged outside the vehicle through the introduction section 530a. With the above configuration, when the vehicle is parked,
If the worker turns on the manual switch 23, the sun
The switching damper 570 is circulated to the inside air by the power from the battery 3.
The ring-shaped state and the Peltier element unit 510
It is possible that the blower 532 is driven to cool the passenger compartment.
come. In particular, the Peltier element unit 510 is
Switching damper located near the outside air introduction part 530a of 530
Peltier element unit
When cooling is performed by 510, the heat radiation surface 510b
Are located near the outside air introduction part 530a. Subordinate
As a result, the radiation efficiency of the radiation surface 510b is increased,
The heat absorption efficiency of the hot surface 510a will also increase,
Cooling the front of the cabin more efficiently when parking, etc.
I can do it. Further, the switching damper 570 is in a state of internal air circulation.
The air in the cabin is cooled while circulating
As a result, more efficient cooling can be performed. In addition,
Sometimes fan 536 is driven by power from solar cell 3
The heat radiation surface 51 of the Peltier element unit 510
0b is efficiently discharged outside the vehicle,
Cooling effect of air in air duct 530 on surface 510a
The rate increases. Next, a sixth embodiment of the present invention will be described.
FIG. 1 is a side view of a rear portion of a vehicle according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention.
4 and FIG. 15 which is a sectional view taken along the line FF in FIG.
As shown in FIG.
In the vehicle 1 having the tar window opening 680,
A solar cell 3 provided on the outer surface of the vehicle 1;
A shape that at least partially covers the window opening 680
And attached to the rear quarter window opening 680
The base plate 681 and the solar cell 3
And the heat absorbing surface 610a is
Heat exchange with the air outside the vehicle compartment
Heat-exchangeably attached to the base plate 681
Having a Peltier element unit 610. Rear quarter window opening 680
The front area is closed by the window glass 682
And the remaining area has a Peltier element unit 610.
The sub air conditioning unit 683 is closed. Sa
Air conditioning unit 683 includes a base plate 681, and
A plurality of openings 681 provided in base plate 681
a Peltier element units 610 respectively attached to
, Each heat absorbing surface 61 of the Peltier element unit 610.
0a is inside the vehicle compartment, and each heat radiation surface 610b is outside the vehicle compartment.
Is out. Notch outside the sub air conditioning unit 683
The garnish 684 having the
Peltier device unit with improved appearance
610 prevents heat radiation surface 610b from being exposed to direct sunlight
are doing. Also, on the vehicle cabin side of the sub air conditioning unit 683,
Also has a trim 685 with notches
You. FIG. 14 shows the left side of the vehicle traveling direction.
The right side has a symmetrical configuration with the left side. The base plate 681 is a printed circuit board.
From the solar cell 3 via the controller 21
The terminal 681b to which the wiring 686 for supplying power is connected is
That are mounted on the board
Circuit 681 for supplying power to Luce element unit 610
c is printed on the surface on the vehicle interior side. Peltier element
The unit 610 supplies power to the circuit 681c on the substrate.
It is pneumatically connected. So, from solar cell 3
The electric power supplied via the roller 21 is supplied to the terminal of the substrate.
Each peltier element from 681b through the circuit 681c on the board
It is distributed to child units 610. With the above configuration, when the vehicle is parked,
If the worker turns on the manual switch 23, the sun
Peltier element unit 610 is powered by battery 3
Is driven to cool the vehicle interior. In particular,
The heat dissipation surface 610b of the Peltier element unit 610 is directly
The outside and the heat absorbing surface 610a face directly into the vehicle interior.
Therefore, both the heat dissipation efficiency and heat absorption efficiency of the Peltier element
The Peltier device.
Cooling efficiency will be improved. Also, in this embodiment,
The Peltier element unit 610 has an existing configuration.
Attached to the rear quarter window opening 680
As a result, the number of dedicated parts is small, which is advantageous in terms of cost.
It becomes something. In each of the above embodiments, the heat absorption of the Peltier element
Is used for cooling the vehicle interior, but the controller
-21 can also control the direction of the current supplied to the Peltier element.
Configuration allows other configurations to be needed
Cooling and heating in the passenger compartment
You. At this time, the controller 21 receives the input
Judging the necessity of cooling or heating based on the temperature,
Control the direction of the current supplied to the
No. Further, in each of the above embodiments, the cabin while parked is used.
Air conditioning inside, but run by engine
The vehicle 1 is empty even when the vehicle 1 is congested.
To load the battery 20
The air conditioning in the passenger compartment can be performed without any trouble. Congested
The judgment is, for example, the continuation of the idling state of the engine.
Time is configured to be input to the controller 21 and
Controller 21 based on the duration.
Good. The present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiments.
As described above, the present invention is limited to the above-described embodiment.
And various modifications are possible without departing from the spirit of the invention.
It goes without saying that it is a noh.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a vehicle provided with an air conditioner according to the present invention. FIG. 2 is a configuration diagram of a Peltier device unit according to the present invention. FIG. 3 is a block diagram for explaining a configuration of a controller for controlling a Peltier element unit and peripheral devices according to the present invention. FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of a vehicle front part of a vehicle provided with an air conditioner according to the present invention. FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along the line BB of FIG. 4; FIG. 6 is a top view of a front portion of a vehicle according to a second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along the line CC of FIG. 6; FIG. 8 is a schematic side view of a vehicle according to a third embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken along the line DD in FIG. 8; FIG. 10 is a schematic side view of a vehicle according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 11 is a sectional view taken along the line EE in FIG. 10; FIG. 12 is a top view of a front portion of a vehicle according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 13 is a schematic perspective view of the vicinity of an outside air introduction portion of an air duct according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention, as viewed from the vehicle interior side. FIG. 14 is a side view of a rear portion of a vehicle according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention. 15 is a sectional view taken along the line FF in FIG. 14; FIG. 16 is an operation explanatory view of a general Peltier device. [Description of Signs] 1 ... Vehicle 2 ... Roof 3 ... Solar cell 5 ... Peltier element 8 ... Instrument panels 10, 210, 310, 410, 510, 610 ...
Peltier element units 10a, 210a, 310a, 410a, 510a, 6
10a Heat absorbing surface (Peltier element unit) 10b, 210b, 310b, 410b, 510b, 6
10b: heat radiation surface (Peltier element unit) 11: plate 11a: fins 30, 230, 330, 430, 530: air ducts 30a, 230a, 530a: outside air introduction portions 30b, 230b, 530b: inside / outside air switching units 330g, 430g, 530g ... inside air introduction units 31, 231, 331, 431, 431, 531 ... heat exchange units 32, 232, 332, 432, 432, 532 ... blowers 33, 233 ..., 333, 433, 533 ... air conditioners 36, 236, 336, 436, 536 ... fans 238, 338, 438 ... outlets 240, 440 ... exhaust ducts 351, 451 ... side trim 350 , 450 ... C pillar 570 ... switching damper 680 ... rear quarter window opening 681 ... Bamboo plate 683 ... sub-air-conditioning unit

Claims (1)

  1. Claims 1. A blower duct arranged in an instrument panel provided in a front part of a vehicle interior and for transferring air, a heat exchange unit provided in the blower duct, and the blower. A blower provided in the duct, and a blowout opening provided at one end of the air duct and facing the vehicle interior through the instrument panel, and supplies the air heated or cooled by the heat exchange unit to the blower and the air duct. In a vehicle air conditioner configured to blow into the vehicle interior from the outlet through the above, a solar cell provided on the outer surface of the vehicle, and electrically connected to the solar cell,
    The heat-absorbing surface faces the inside of the air duct so as to be able to exchange heat with the air in the air duct, and the heat-dissipating surface is outside the vehicle compartment through a cowl provided at the front of the vehicle so that it can exchange heat with the air outside the vehicle compartment. An air conditioner for a vehicle, comprising: a Peltier element arranged so as to operate. 2. An air supply duct disposed in an instrument panel provided at a front portion of a vehicle interior and for transferring air, a heat exchange unit provided in the air supply duct, and provided in the air supply duct. A blower, and an outlet provided at one end of the air duct and facing the interior of the vehicle through the instrument panel, wherein the air heated or cooled by the heat exchange unit is blown through the blower and the air duct. In a vehicle air conditioner configured to blow out from the vehicle compartment, a solar cell provided on the outer surface of the vehicle, and an exhaust duct that is adjacent to a portion of the air duct near the outlet and communicates with the outside of the vehicle, Electrically connected to the solar cell, so that the heat absorbing surface faces the inside of the air duct so as to be able to exchange heat with air in the air duct. And as the heat radiating surface facing the inside air and heat exchangeably the exhaust duct in said exhaust duct,
    An air conditioner for a vehicle, comprising: a Peltier element disposed at a portion adjacent to the air duct and the exhaust duct. 3. A ventilation duct arranged at least along a pillar of a vehicle and inside of a side trim provided on a rear side portion of a vehicle interior and for transferring air, a heat exchange unit provided in the ventilation duct, A blower provided in the blower duct, and a blower provided at one end of the blower duct and facing the interior of the vehicle at a roof portion of the vehicle, wherein the air heated or cooled by the heat exchange unit is supplied to the blower and the blower. In a vehicle air conditioner configured to blow out from the outlet into a vehicle interior through a blower duct, a solar cell provided on an outer surface of the vehicle, and a solar cell electrically connected to the solar cell, wherein a heat absorbing surface is provided for the blower. The heat radiation surface faces the outside of the vehicle through the pillar of the vehicle so that the heat can be exchanged with the air outside the vehicle so that the air can be exchanged with the air inside the duct. Air-conditioning system of a vehicle comprising the arranged Peltier element as that. 4. A ventilation duct arranged at least along a pillar of a vehicle and inside of a side trim provided on a rear side portion of a vehicle interior for transferring air, a heat exchange unit provided in the ventilation duct, A blower provided in the blower duct, and a blower provided at one end of the blower duct and facing the interior of the vehicle at a roof portion of the vehicle, wherein the air heated or cooled by the heat exchange unit is supplied to the blower and the blower. In a vehicle air conditioner configured to blow into the vehicle interior from the outlet through a blower duct, a solar cell provided on an outer surface of the vehicle, and electrically connected to the solar cell, An exhaust duct adjacent to the portion along the pillar and communicating with the outside of the passenger compartment; and the exhaust duct having a heat absorbing surface capable of exchanging heat with air in the exhaust duct. A Peltier element arranged at a portion adjacent to the air duct and the exhaust duct so that the air duct faces the inside and the heat radiation surface faces the inside of the exhaust duct so that heat exchange with the air in the exhaust duct is possible. An air conditioner for a vehicle, comprising: 5. An air supply duct disposed in an instrument panel provided at a front portion of a vehicle interior and for transferring air, a heat exchange unit provided in the air supply duct, and provided in the air supply duct. A blower, an outlet provided at one end of the air duct and facing the vehicle interior through the instrument panel, and an outside air introduction unit provided near the other end of the air duct and communicating with the outside of the vehicle to introduce air from outside the vehicle. And an internal / external air switching unit comprising: an internal air introduction unit that communicates with the vehicle interior to introduce air from the vehicle interior; and a switching damper that selectively closes the external air introduction unit and the internal air introduction unit. An air conditioner for a vehicle configured to blow air heated or cooled by a unit from the outlet through the blower and the blower duct into a vehicle interior. The provided solar cell is electrically connected to the solar cell, and when the switching damper closes the outside air introduction portion, the heat absorbing surface can exchange heat with air circulating in the vehicle through the air duct. An air conditioner for a vehicle, comprising: a Peltier element provided in the switching damper so as to face the inside of the air duct and to have the heat radiation surface facing the outside air introduction unit. 6. A vehicle air conditioner mounted on a window opening of a vehicle having a window opening communicating between the vehicle interior and the exterior of the vehicle, comprising: a solar cell provided on an outer surface of the vehicle; A base plate attached to the window opening, electrically connected to the solar cell, and a heat absorbing surface capable of exchanging heat with air in the vehicle compartment; and An air conditioner for a vehicle having a Peltier element attached to the base plate so that a heat radiation surface can exchange heat with air outside the vehicle compartment. 7. A heat-absorbing surface and a heat-dissipating surface of the Peltier element, each of which is made of a material having thermal conductivity and covered with a plate having fins. Vehicle air conditioner. 8. The vehicle according to claim 1, wherein a fan for discharging air near the heat radiation surface of the Peltier element to the outside of the vehicle is provided near the outside of the vehicle in the vehicle. Air conditioner. 9. A blower duct arranged in a vehicle interior for transferring air, a blower provided in the blower duct,
    And a blowout port provided at one end of the blower duct and facing the vehicle interior, and configured to blow air in the blower duct from the blowout port into the passenger compartment through the blower and the blower duct. In the air conditioner, a solar cell provided on the outer surface of the vehicle, and electrically connected to the solar cell, such that the heat absorbing surface faces the inside of the air duct so as to be able to exchange heat with air in the air duct, and An air conditioner for a vehicle, comprising: a Peltier element arranged so that a heat radiating surface directly faces the outside of the vehicle so as to exchange heat with air outside the vehicle. And a blower duct for transferring air, a blower provided in the blower duct, and an air outlet provided at one end of the blower duct and facing the interior of the car, wherein In an air conditioner for a vehicle configured to blow air in an air duct from the air outlet through the blower and the air duct into the vehicle interior, the air conditioner is adjacent to a portion of the air duct near the air outlet and is outside the vehicle interior. An exhaust duct communicating with the solar cell, a solar cell provided on the outer surface of the vehicle, and electrically connected to the solar cell,
    As the heat absorbing surface faces the inside of the air duct so as to be able to exchange heat with the air in the air duct, and the heat radiating surface is inside the exhaust duct so that it can exchange heat with the air inside the exhaust duct, An air conditioner for a vehicle, comprising: a Peltier element disposed at a portion adjacent to the air duct and the exhaust duct.
JP2002133646A 2002-05-09 2002-05-09 Vehicle air conditioner Pending JP2003320843A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002133646A JP2003320843A (en) 2002-05-09 2002-05-09 Vehicle air conditioner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002133646A JP2003320843A (en) 2002-05-09 2002-05-09 Vehicle air conditioner

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Publication Number Publication Date
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Family

ID=29544805

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Country Link
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010025448A (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-02-04 Denso Corp Dehumidifier/humidifier
WO2011007080A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-01-20 Peugeot Citroën Automobiles SA Method for operating electrical power storage device ventilation system
US8316650B2 (en) 2009-05-21 2012-11-27 GM Global Technology Operations LLC System and method for heating and cooling a vehicle
US9139067B2 (en) 2010-11-01 2015-09-22 Hyundai Motor Company Air conditioner of electric vehicle
CN106042830A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-26 河海大学 Semiconductor car interior cooling system based on solar energy

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010025448A (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-02-04 Denso Corp Dehumidifier/humidifier
US8316650B2 (en) 2009-05-21 2012-11-27 GM Global Technology Operations LLC System and method for heating and cooling a vehicle
WO2011007080A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-01-20 Peugeot Citroën Automobiles SA Method for operating electrical power storage device ventilation system
FR2948072A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-01-21 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Method for cooling system of electric energy storage devices
US9139067B2 (en) 2010-11-01 2015-09-22 Hyundai Motor Company Air conditioner of electric vehicle
CN106042830A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-26 河海大学 Semiconductor car interior cooling system based on solar energy

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