JP2003221935A - Storing room composed of board of woody artificial timber composition - Google Patents

Storing room composed of board of woody artificial timber composition

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Publication number
JP2003221935A
JP2003221935A JP2002019728A JP2002019728A JP2003221935A JP 2003221935 A JP2003221935 A JP 2003221935A JP 2002019728 A JP2002019728 A JP 2002019728A JP 2002019728 A JP2002019728 A JP 2002019728A JP 2003221935 A JP2003221935 A JP 2003221935A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
plate
wood
composition
synthetic
reinforcing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2002019728A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Sadao Nishibori
貞夫 西堀
Masanori Shirai
真紀 白井
Original Assignee
Ain Kk Sogo Kenkyusho
アイン株式会社総合研究所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ain Kk Sogo Kenkyusho, アイン株式会社総合研究所 filed Critical Ain Kk Sogo Kenkyusho
Priority to JP2002019728A priority Critical patent/JP2003221935A/en
Publication of JP2003221935A publication Critical patent/JP2003221935A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a storing room equipped with quality, gentleness and warmth better than natural wood, excellent in strength and comprised of a material difficult of corrosion/deformation/damage even if it is exposed to rain and wind and, at the same time, provided with sufficient durable strength even with an earthquake or a storm without impairing the appearance while having a simple structure. <P>SOLUTION: A roof board 2 constituting the storing room 1 of a woody artificial timber composition board is the board with a hollow structure having hollow slots formed of an outer circumferential wall 21 and a partition wall 22, and a plurality of projections 24 (e.g. six pieces) are provided to the circumferential wall 21 with an anchor such as a bolt 24a or the like along an abutting area between the upper face plate 4 and the back plate 5 on the rear side. The projections 24 are provided by fitting to positions and shapes of the hollow slots 43 and 53 formed of outer circumferential walls 41 and 51 of the upper face plate 4 and the back plate 5 and the partition walls 42 and 52, and the roof board 2 is connected to the upper face plate 4 and the back plate 5 to fix by properly fitting it into the predetermined hollow slots 43 and 53 as shown in the arrows in the Fig. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2003,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、木粉等セルロース
系の破砕物を主たる成形素材とした木質合成材組成物を
利用した物置に係り、詳しくは、木質合成材組成物から
なる各構成部材を好適に接合固定した物置に関するもの
である。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a storeroom using a wood synthetic material composition mainly composed of a crushed material of cellulosic material such as wood powder, and more specifically, each constituent member comprising the wood synthetic material composition. The present invention relates to a storeroom in which is preferably joined and fixed.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来、種々の道具又は荷物等を収容・管
理する物置には、木造の壁板を釘を打って接合固定し、
トタン板等の金属板を屋根とした木造のものが主流であ
った。これには一般的に、薄い波形の金属板を逆U字状
に折り曲げると共に、この金属板を所定数継ぎ足して本
体部分となる屋根や壁等を形成し、扉等の付属物を取り
付けて全体を完成させるものが知られている。しかしな
がら、物置は屋外に設置することが殆どであるため、雨
風にさらされることも多く、木造の場合には腐食・変形
(反り)・破損し易い等の問題があり、耐久性が不十分
である。また、木材に抗菌剤を塗布しても剥れ易いた
め、木造の場合には抗菌性を実現させることが困難であ
る。一方、金属板で屋根や壁等を構成した場合には金属
板や釘が錆び、さらには美観も損なわれるという問題が
あった。また、屋根と壁との連結部分に段差や隙間が生
じ、完成時における見栄えが損なわれたり、雨水が浸入
したりする問題もあった。そのため、現在はスチール製
や樹脂製の物置が広く普及するようになった。しかしな
がら、物置は比較的簡易な構造であることが多いため、
スチール製のものは丈夫であるとはいえ、地震、暴風雨
に好適に耐え得る強度を有していないこともある。ま
た、金属特有の見た目の冷たさや、外気温に影響され易
い等の欠点があるため、最近では物置等の簡易な建造物
においても、天然木の質感、優しさ、暖かみを持つ木質
系のものが見直されてきている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, a wooden wall board has been fixed by joining a wooden wall board with nails in a storeroom for accommodating and managing various tools or luggage.
The main thing was a wooden structure with a metal plate such as a galvanized iron plate as the roof. In general, a thin corrugated metal plate is bent into an inverted U shape, and a predetermined number of these metal plates are added to form a roof, wall, etc. that will be the main body part, and accessories such as doors are attached to the whole. It is known to complete. However, since most of the sheds are installed outdoors, they are often exposed to rain and wind, and in the case of wooden construction, there are problems such as corrosion, deformation (warping), and damage. is there. Further, even if an antibacterial agent is applied to wood, it easily peels off, so that it is difficult to realize antibacterial properties in the case of a wooden structure. On the other hand, when a roof, a wall, etc. are made of a metal plate, there is a problem that the metal plate and the nails are rusted, and further the aesthetic appearance is deteriorated. In addition, there are problems that steps and gaps occur at the connecting portion between the roof and the wall, the appearance at the time of completion is impaired, and rainwater enters. As a result, steel and resin storage shelves have become widespread today. However, since the shed often has a relatively simple structure,
Although made of steel, it may not be strong enough to withstand earthquakes and storms, although it is durable. In addition, since it has the drawbacks of metal's unique coldness and being easily affected by the outside temperature, recently, even in simple structures such as sheds, wood-based ones that have the texture, kindness, and warmth of natural wood. Is being reviewed.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】そこで、本発明は上記
課題に鑑みなされたものであり、その目的とするところ
は、天然木を超えた質感、優しさ、暖かみを備え、強度
に優れ、雨風にさらされても腐食・変形・破損しにくい
耐久性の高い素材から構成されると共に、簡単な組立て
でありながらも、美観を損ねることもなく、地震や暴風
雨にも耐え得る程の充分強固な構造の物置を提供するこ
とである。
Therefore, the present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a texture, tenderness, and warmth that surpass those of natural wood, have excellent strength, and provide rain and wind. It is made of a highly durable material that does not easily corrode, deform, or break even when exposed to light, and it is easy to assemble, yet strong enough to withstand earthquakes and storms without spoiling its appearance. It is to provide a storage room for the structure.
【0004】[0004]
【課題を解決するための手段】請求項1記載の発明は、
屋根部材、壁部材、床部材及び扉部材が木質合成材組成
物からなり、複数の中空長孔が辺と平行に列設された中
空構造の板材により構成され、前記壁部材は少なくとも
前板、裏板及び側板から構成され、それぞれ隣接する前
記前板、裏板、側板及び床部材は固定具を取り付けるこ
とにより接合固定され、前記屋根部材は裏面に突起部を
備え、該突起部を前記壁部材の中空長孔の端部に嵌め込
むことにより接合固定されることを特徴とする木質合成
材組成物の板材から構成された物置である。これによ
り、天然木を超えた質感、優しさ、暖かみを備え、雨風
にさらされても腐食しにくい木質合成材組成物からなる
板材により構成されると共に、突起部を中空長孔の端部
に嵌め込み接合固定することにより、簡単な組立てであ
りながらも、美観を損ねることもなく、地震や暴風雨に
も耐え得る程の充分強固な構造の物置とすることができ
る。
The invention according to claim 1 is
The roof member, the wall member, the floor member and the door member are made of a synthetic wood material composition, and a plurality of hollow elongated holes are formed by a plate member having a hollow structure arranged in parallel with the sides, and the wall member is at least a front plate, The front plate, the back plate, the side plate, and the floor member, which are adjacent to each other, are joined and fixed by attaching a fixture, and the roof member includes a protrusion on the back surface, and the protrusion is formed on the wall. A storage device made of a plate material of a synthetic wood material characterized by being joined and fixed by being fitted into an end of a hollow elongated hole of a member. As a result, it is composed of a plate material made of a synthetic wood material that has a texture, kindness, and warmth that surpass those of natural wood, and that is resistant to corrosion even when exposed to rain and wind. By fitting and joining and fixing, it is possible to obtain a storeroom having a structure that is simple enough, yet does not spoil the appearance, and has a structure that is strong enough to withstand earthquakes and storms.
【0005】「木質合成材組成物」とは、含有水分量を
0.3重量%以内とし平均粒径50〜330メッシュ
(約300〜50μm)の木粉等セルロース系破砕物を
樹脂に対して40〜60重量%(特に好ましくは50〜
60重量%)の割合で配合したものが好ましい。木粉及
び樹脂に対して0.3〜1.0重量%の分散促進剤を配
合し、この分散促進剤を介してセルロース系破砕物と樹
脂を架橋させたものが好ましい。特に、セルロース系破
砕物として木粉を50〜60重量%と、樹脂としてポリ
塩化ビニル(PVC)、ポリエステル(PET)、ポリ
エチレン(PE)、ポリプロピレン(PP)、ポリカー
ボネート(PC)、ナイロン等の樹脂の一種、又はこれ
らの数種を混合したものを50〜40重量%配合するこ
とが好適である。木粉と樹脂との混合比については、木
粉が原材料の全体量の40重量%以上、特に好ましくは
50重量%以上である。混合する樹脂によっては、木粉
が原材料の全体量の40重量%以上であれば成形が可能
であるが、一般に、樹脂としてPVC、PET、PE、
PP、PC又はナイロン等を用いた場合、木粉が原材料
の全体量の50重量%未満となると樹脂がミキサー内で
やや大きな塊となることがある。また、木粉が50重量
%未満のときは、上記配合の樹脂及び分散促進材の木粉
への吸着及び融合固定が困難となり、また、機械的特
性、特に曲げ強度が低くなるおそれがある。また、木粉
が60重量%までは原材料のゲル化が可能であるが、木
粉が60重量%より多くなると、成形時に木粉が焼け、
成形が困難となると共に、仮に成形できたとしても強度
が落ちることがまま見られる。なお、例外として、ポリ
スチレン(PS)又はABS樹脂を用いた場合には、木
粉40〜50重量%に対し、樹脂を60〜50重量%を
配合することが好ましい。
The term "woody synthetic material composition" means a crushed cellulosic material such as wood powder having a water content of 0.3% by weight or less and an average particle size of 50 to 330 mesh (about 300 to 50 μm) with respect to the resin. 40 to 60% by weight (particularly preferably 50 to
It is preferable that it is mixed at a ratio of 60% by weight). It is preferable to add 0.3 to 1.0% by weight of a dispersion accelerator to the wood powder and the resin, and to crosslink the cellulosic crushed product and the resin through the dispersion accelerator. In particular, 50-60% by weight of wood powder as a cellulosic crushed product, and a resin such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyester (PET), polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polycarbonate (PC), nylon, etc. It is preferable to blend 50% to 40% by weight of one of the above or a mixture of several of these. The mixing ratio of wood powder and resin is 40% by weight or more, and particularly preferably 50% by weight or more of the total amount of raw materials. Depending on the resin to be mixed, molding can be performed if the wood powder is 40% by weight or more of the total amount of the raw materials, but in general, PVC, PET, PE,
When PP, PC, nylon, or the like is used, if the wood powder is less than 50% by weight of the total amount of the raw materials, the resin may become a large lump in the mixer. Further, if the wood powder content is less than 50% by weight, it may be difficult to adsorb onto the wood powder of the above-mentioned resin and the dispersion promoting material and be fused and fixed, and mechanical properties, particularly bending strength, may be lowered. Also, the raw material can be gelled up to 60% by weight of wood powder, but if the wood powder content exceeds 60% by weight, the wood powder will be burnt during molding,
It can be seen that the molding becomes difficult, and even if the molding is possible, the strength is lowered. As an exception, when polystyrene (PS) or ABS resin is used, it is preferable to add 60 to 50% by weight of resin to 40 to 50% by weight of wood powder.
【0006】含有水分量は0.3重量%以内が好まし
い。それ以上であると、押出し或いは射出成形にあたっ
て、成形が極めて困難となる他、木粉と樹脂のなじみが
悪くなり、混錬が不十分となる。粒径が50メッシュ以
下では、水分の蒸発が円滑に行われず、また、混練に際
して分散が均一に行われない。330メッシュ以上で
は、ボールミール等を用いた特殊な粉砕が必要となるた
め効率も低下し、木粉繊維中の導管等の組織を破壊して
しまい樹脂との架橋が行われ難く不適当である。分散促
進剤を1.0重量%以上添加すると、成形が困難とな
り、一定以上の厚みを有する板体を成形した場合、曲げ
強度が低下するなど好ましくない結果をもたらすことが
ある。0.3重量%以下では、特性の改善効果が現れな
い。なお、樹脂は、バージンの樹脂以外にも、熱可塑性
合成樹脂製品の廃材から得られた回収樹脂を再利用した
もの、或いはバージンの樹脂と前記回収樹脂の混合物等
(例えばそれぞれ50%ずつ混合したもの)を用いるこ
ともできる。これにより、資源保護及び費用削減が好適
に実現される。
The water content is preferably 0.3% by weight or less. If it is more than that, during extrusion or injection molding, the molding becomes extremely difficult, and the wood powder and the resin become unfriendly, and the kneading becomes insufficient. When the particle size is 50 mesh or less, water is not vaporized smoothly and is not uniformly dispersed during kneading. If it is more than 330 mesh, special pulverization using a ball meal or the like is required, so that the efficiency is lowered and the structure of the conduit or the like in the wood flour fiber is destroyed, so that it is difficult to crosslink with the resin, which is unsuitable. . When the dispersion accelerator is added in an amount of 1.0% by weight or more, molding becomes difficult, and when a plate having a certain thickness or more is molded, an unfavorable result such as a decrease in bending strength may be brought about. If it is less than 0.3% by weight, the effect of improving the characteristics does not appear. In addition to the virgin resin, the resin is a recycled resin obtained from a waste material of a thermoplastic synthetic resin product, or a mixture of the virgin resin and the recovered resin (for example, 50% of each is mixed). Stuff) can also be used. As a result, resource protection and cost reduction are preferably realized.
【0007】この木質合成材組成物は、例えば、下記方
法にて製造される。まず、木粉をミキサー内に投入し、
高速回転する攪拌衝撃翼の剪断力による摩擦熱により温
度約180℃で含有水分量を0.3重量%以下(好まし
くは0.1重量%以下)とすることが好ましい。このと
き、熱源(例えばボイラー熱、電気熱、ヒーター熱等)
を使用することなく、木粉を乾燥させることが好まし
い。次に、樹脂及び分散促進剤(相溶化剤)をミキサー
内に投入する。ここで樹脂の形態は顆粒状ペレットを使
用することが好ましい。この工程において、ミキサー内
の温度が所定温度(例えば約200℃)に上昇した時点
で混錬溶融が完了し、木粉が混合された樹脂は、ゲル状
態から高粘度の塊状の混練材料となる。つまり、この塊
とは、個々の木粉がその木粉単体の表面全体及びこれら
微少木粉の水分が蒸発し、空洞化した一部の導管又は仮
導管内にも一部の樹脂を浸入固定させ付着し、相溶化剤
を介して隣接するこれら木粉に融合した樹脂相互間にお
いて再結晶し、或いは、樹脂相互を再結晶させて隣接微
細粒子相互を固結する架橋状態に形成される。しかしな
がら、これら塊全体そのものの結合は脆いものであり、
この工程により形成された混練材料は、後工程の押出機
でより一層効率良く混練され得る良好な材料であり、押
出し成形時において特に木粉の摩擦抵抗を減じる良好な
材料である。ここでは、木粉の水分含有量は、0.3重
量%以下となっているため、相溶化剤の持つ分散性を良
くする機能がさらに助長され、樹脂と木粉との界面をな
くし、木粉は樹脂中へ均一な密度で分散され、樹脂は木
粉へ含侵し易くなると共に、完全に木粉外周を包囲する
かたちで、混練溶融される。この混練材料を撹拌しなが
ら冷却し、造粒及び整粒して形成されたペレット状の木
質合成材組成物を再び高粘度の状態に溶融し、押出機で
高圧力で押し出し、金型の中に押し込み、高圧力で押し
固めて中空構造の板状に成形する。ここでは、粘度が高
い程流れが速いチクソトロピーの原理を押出し成形技術
に応用している。また、木粉を大量に含んでいるため熱
放出が早く、大量生産も可能である。このように、木粉
と樹脂の結合を高める技術と高圧力を加えて押し出す技
術によって、歪みの少ない、高密度で高強度の木質合成
材組成物を用いた板材の製造が可能である。
This woody synthetic material composition is produced, for example, by the following method. First, add wood flour into the mixer,
It is preferable that the content of water is 0.3% by weight or less (preferably 0.1% by weight or less) at a temperature of about 180 ° C. due to the frictional heat generated by the shearing force of the stirring impeller rotating at high speed. At this time, a heat source (for example, boiler heat, electric heat, heater heat, etc.)
It is preferred to dry the wood flour without using. Next, the resin and the dispersion accelerator (compatibilizer) are charged into the mixer. Here, it is preferable to use granular pellets as the resin form. In this step, the kneading and melting is completed when the temperature inside the mixer rises to a predetermined temperature (for example, about 200 ° C.), and the resin mixed with the wood powder becomes a kneaded kneaded material having a high viscosity from a gel state. . In other words, this lump means that the individual wood flour has the entire surface of the wood flour itself and the water content of these small wood flours evaporated, and some resin has also been infiltrated and fixed into some hollow or temporary conduits. Then, the resin is recrystallized between the resins fused to the adjacent wood powders through the compatibilizer, or the resins are recrystallized to form a crosslinked state in which the adjacent fine particles are solidified. However, the bonding of these whole masses themselves is brittle,
The kneading material formed by this step is a good material that can be more efficiently kneaded by the extruder in the subsequent step, and is a good material that reduces the frictional resistance of wood powder particularly during extrusion molding. Here, since the water content of the wood flour is 0.3% by weight or less, the function of the compatibilizing agent to improve the dispersibility is further promoted, and the interface between the resin and the wood flour is eliminated, and The powder is dispersed in the resin at a uniform density, and the resin is easily impregnated into the wood powder and is kneaded and melted so as to completely surround the outer circumference of the wood powder. The kneaded material is cooled while being stirred, and the pelletized woody synthetic material composition formed by granulation and sizing is melted again into a highly viscous state and extruded at high pressure with an extruder, And press it into place with high pressure to form a plate with a hollow structure. Here, the principle of thixotropy, in which the higher the viscosity is, the faster the flow is, is applied to the extrusion molding technique. In addition, since it contains a large amount of wood flour, it releases heat quickly and can be mass-produced. As described above, it is possible to manufacture a plate material using a high-strength, high-strength wood-based synthetic material composition with little distortion, by the technology of increasing the bond between wood powder and resin and the technology of extruding under high pressure.
【0008】上記押出し成形工程により製造された木質
合成材組成物からなる板材は、天然木を超えた質感、優
しさ、暖かみ及び香りを持つ自然の素材感と、品質の良
さを有すると共に、強度及び剛性等は天然木及び従来の
合成木材を凌ぐものである。また、何度もリサイクル可
能なため地球環境にも優しい。耐久性、耐水性、耐熱性
及び耐寒性に優れており屋外においても長期間使用でき
る。このように、腐食しにくいため、物置等の建材とし
て優れた効果を発揮する。なお、その他詳細について
は、本発明者が先に開発した特開平11−70508号
等を参照されたい。
The board made of the wood synthetic material composition produced by the above-mentioned extrusion molding process has a natural texture having a texture, tenderness, warmth and scent superior to that of natural wood, good quality, and strength. In addition, the rigidity and the like are superior to those of natural wood and conventional synthetic wood. Also, because it can be recycled many times, it is also environmentally friendly. It has excellent durability, water resistance, heat resistance and cold resistance and can be used outdoors for a long time. In this way, since it is unlikely to corrode, it exhibits an excellent effect as a building material for a storeroom or the like. For other details, refer to Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-70508 previously developed by the present inventor.
【0009】「中空構造」は、外周壁及び外周壁と一体
成形された隔壁によって複数に仕切られた中空長孔が長
尺方向に延在することが好ましい。中空長孔は辺と平行
に列設されており、板材の両端は開放されていることが
好ましい。このように隔壁を有する中空構造とすること
によって、軽量でありながらも歪みや捩れに対して強固
なものとなる。また、両端が開放されていると、突起部
等を嵌め込むことが可能となる。中空長孔端部の開放、
閉鎖は要求に応じて対処できる。「固定具」は、ビス、
ボルト、螺子等が好ましく、隣接する板材と板材を挿通
又は螺合して接合固定することが好ましい。このとき、
上記固定具は板材の中空長孔よりも隔壁上に保持させる
ことが好ましい。「突起部」は、屋根部材の裏面(壁部
材と接する面)に壁部材との当接領域に沿って、壁部材
を構成する板材の中空長孔の位置に合わせて、数箇所設
けられていることが好ましい。突起部の形状は、壁部材
を構成する板材の中空長孔の形状に適合することが好ま
しい。突起部を嵌め込む壁部材は、前板、裏板又は側板
のいずれでも良い。突起部の数及び長さは屋根部材が好
適に接合固定される程度であれば適宜選択可能である。
突起部の材質は木質合成材組成物が好ましいが、単に樹
脂又は天然木等でも構わない。
In the "hollow structure", it is preferable that a plurality of hollow elongated holes, which are partitioned by an outer peripheral wall and a partition wall integrally formed with the outer peripheral wall, extend in the longitudinal direction. It is preferable that the hollow elongated holes are arranged in parallel with the sides and both ends of the plate material are open. By thus forming the hollow structure having the partition wall, the structure is lightweight but strong against distortion and twist. Further, when both ends are open, it becomes possible to fit the protrusions and the like. Opening the end of the hollow elongated hole,
Closures can be dealt with on request. The "fixture" is a screw,
Bolts, screws, and the like are preferable, and it is preferable to insert or screw adjacent plate members to join and fix them. At this time,
The fixture is preferably held on the partition wall rather than the hollow elongated hole of the plate material. "Protrusions" are provided on the back surface of the roof member (the surface in contact with the wall member) along the contact area with the wall member at several positions in accordance with the positions of the hollow elongated holes of the plate material forming the wall member. Is preferred. It is preferable that the shape of the protrusion conforms to the shape of the hollow elongated hole of the plate material that constitutes the wall member. The wall member into which the protrusion is fitted may be a front plate, a back plate or a side plate. The number and length of the protrusions can be appropriately selected as long as the roof member is appropriately joined and fixed.
The material of the protrusions is preferably a synthetic wood material composition, but may simply be resin or natural wood.
【0010】請求項2記載の発明は、前記屋根部材、壁
部材、床部材又は扉部材の中空長孔に補強材及び/又は
断熱材を挿通することを特徴とする請求項1記載の木質
合成材組成物の板材から構成された物置である。これに
より、各部材を構成する板材は歪みや捩れに対して一層
強固なものとなる。特に床部材に補強材を挿通して補強
することにより、重い道具や荷物を置いたときに、底が
抜けたり、割れたりすることを好適に防止することがで
きる。また、各部材を構成する板材に断熱効果を持たせ
ることもできる。
The invention according to claim 2 is characterized in that a reinforcing material and / or a heat insulating material is inserted into the hollow elongated holes of the roof member, wall member, floor member or door member. It is a storeroom composed of a plate material of a material composition. As a result, the plate material forming each member becomes more robust against distortion and twist. In particular, by inserting a reinforcing material into the floor member to reinforce it, it is possible to suitably prevent the bottom from coming off or cracking when a heavy tool or luggage is placed. Further, the plate material forming each member can be made to have a heat insulating effect.
【0011】「補強材及び/又は断熱材」は、屋根部
材、壁部材、床部材又は扉部材に用いられる板材に延在
する中空長孔に挿通される棒状(柱状)のものが好まし
い。補強材の材質は、木質合成材組成物、金属(鉄、ア
ルミニウム等の軽金属)、木材、強化プラスチック等が
好ましい。特に、剛性を備え、螺子止め等に耐え得る程
度の強度を有することが好ましい。また、内部に芯材と
して金属(例えば鉄棒)を備えるとより頑丈な補強材と
なり好ましい。例えば、断面凹状の木質合成材組成物、
木材からなる柱材の凹み部に鉄棒を嵌め込み補強材を構
成することが好ましい。補強材の形状は板材の中空長孔
の形状に適合することが好ましく、長さは屋根部材、壁
部材、床部材又は扉部材に用いられる各板材の長さに合
わせて適宜選択することが好ましい。断熱材の材質は、
発泡樹脂(例えば、発泡スチロール、発泡ウレタン等)
等が好ましい。補強材単独、断熱材単独、補強材と断熱
材を両方備えたものでもよい。補強材又は断熱材の本数
は1枚の板材につき1〜3本が好ましいが、これに限ら
ず適宜選択可能である。断熱材の本数を増減することで
寒暖地域に対応することができる。補強材の本数を増減
することで荷重要求に対応することができる。
The "reinforcing material and / or heat insulating material" is preferably a rod-shaped (columnar) member which is inserted into a hollow elongated hole extending in a plate material used for a roof member, a wall member, a floor member or a door member. The material of the reinforcing material is preferably a wood synthetic material composition, metal (light metal such as iron and aluminum), wood, reinforced plastic and the like. In particular, it is preferable that it has rigidity and has strength enough to withstand screwing or the like. In addition, it is preferable to provide a metal (for example, an iron bar) as a core material in the interior, because the reinforcing material becomes stronger. For example, a wood synthetic material composition having a concave cross section,
It is preferable that a reinforcing member is formed by fitting an iron rod into the recess of the column member made of wood. The shape of the reinforcing material is preferably adapted to the shape of the hollow elongated hole of the plate material, and the length is preferably selected appropriately according to the length of each plate material used for the roof member, wall member, floor member or door member. . The material of the heat insulating material is
Foam resin (for example, Styrofoam, urethane foam, etc.)
Etc. are preferred. The reinforcing material may be used alone, the heat insulating material may be used alone, or both the reinforcing material and the heat insulating material may be provided. The number of reinforcing materials or heat insulating materials is preferably 1 to 3 per plate material, but is not limited to this and can be appropriately selected. By increasing or decreasing the number of heat insulating materials, it is possible to cope with cold and warm regions. It is possible to meet the load demand by increasing or decreasing the number of reinforcing materials.
【0012】請求項3記載の発明は、前記補強材及び/
又は断熱材は発泡樹脂からなることを特徴とする請求項
2記載の木質合成材組成物の板材から構成された物置で
ある。ここでは特に、補強材及び/又は断熱材として、
発泡樹脂を中空長孔に挿通することによって、各板材を
歪みや捩れに対して一層強固なものにすると共に、各板
材に断熱効果を持たせることができる。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, the reinforcing material and / or
Alternatively, the heat insulating material is made of foamed resin, and the storage device is made of a plate material of the wood synthetic material composition according to claim 2. Here, in particular, as a reinforcing material and / or a heat insulating material,
By inserting the foamed resin into the hollow elongated hole, it is possible to make each plate material more robust against distortion and twist, and to give each plate material a heat insulating effect.
【0013】請求項4記載の発明は、前記補強材及び/
又は断熱材に固定具を螺合することにより、それぞれ隣
接する前記前板、裏板、側板又は床部材と接合固定され
ることを特徴とする請求項2又は3記載の木質合成材組
成物の板材から構成された物置である。これにより、補
強材及び/又は断熱材が板材に好適に接合固定されると
共に、板材と隣接する他の板材とを接合固定する固定具
が好適に保持されるため、一層強固な構造の物置とな
る。
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, the reinforcing material and / or
Alternatively, by screwing a fixing member to the heat insulating material, the wood synthetic material composition is joined and fixed to the adjacent front plate, back plate, side plate or floor member, respectively. It is a storeroom composed of plate materials. As a result, the reinforcing material and / or the heat insulating material is preferably joined and fixed to the plate material, and the fixture for joining and fixing the plate material and another adjacent plate material is preferably held, so that the storage device having a stronger structure can be provided. Become.
【0014】請求項5記載の発明は、前記木質合成材組
成物が酸化チタンを付着させた光触媒木質合成材組成物
であることを特徴とする請求項1乃至4いずれかに記載
の木質合成材組成物の板材から構成された物置である。
これにより、酸化チタンは光(例えば紫外線等)が当た
ることによって有害物質を好適に無害化するため、酸化
チタンを含有する光触媒木粉と樹脂からなる光触媒木質
合成材組成物を用いることによって、抗菌、殺菌及び消
臭効果等を備える物置を構成することができる。具体的
には、木粉の吸湿性及び自然呼吸する特性を利用し、光
触媒機能を高め、室内に浮遊する細菌や有害物質(例え
ばダイオキシン、ホルムアルデヒド、アンモニア、NO
x、SOx等)を木粉の表面に吸着し、光触媒の光活性で
酸化還元し、二酸化炭素と水に分解し好適に無害化す
る。
The invention according to claim 5 is a photocatalytic wood synthetic material composition to which titanium oxide is adhered, wherein the wood synthetic material composition is a wood synthetic material according to any one of claims 1 to 4. It is a storeroom composed of a plate material of the composition.
As a result, titanium oxide suitably detoxifies harmful substances when exposed to light (for example, ultraviolet rays). Therefore, by using a photocatalyst wood-based synthetic material composition including photocatalyst wood powder containing titanium oxide and a resin, It is possible to configure a storeroom having a sterilizing and deodorizing effect. Specifically, the hygroscopicity and natural respiration characteristics of wood flour are used to enhance the photocatalytic function, and bacteria and harmful substances suspended in the room (eg, dioxin, formaldehyde, ammonia, NO
x , SO x, etc.) is adsorbed on the surface of the wood flour, and is redox-oxidized by the photoactivity of the photocatalyst, and decomposed into carbon dioxide and water to be rendered harmless.
【0015】「光触媒木質合成材組成物」は、酸化チタ
ン10〜40重量%、木粉等セルロース系破砕物10〜
60重量%、及び樹脂20〜80重量%の割合で配合し
たものが好ましい。酸化チタンが10重量%未満では光
触媒反応が鈍化し、40重量%より多いと木粉への吸着
が困難となり好ましくない。木粉が10%未満では酸化
チタンの吸着が困難となり、木粉が60重量%より多く
なると、成形時に木粉が焼け、成形が困難となり好まし
くない。ここでは特に、酸化チタン10〜35重量%、
セルロース系破砕物として木粉25〜45重量%、樹脂
として前述したPVC、PET、PE、PP、PC、ナ
イロン等の樹脂の一種、又はこれらの数種を混合したも
のを35〜45重量%配合することが好適である。
The "photocatalytic wood-based synthetic material composition" is composed of 10 to 40% by weight of titanium oxide and 10 to 10 pieces of cellulose-based crushed material such as wood powder.
It is preferable to mix 60% by weight and 20 to 80% by weight of the resin. If the content of titanium oxide is less than 10% by weight, the photocatalytic reaction is slowed down, and if it is more than 40% by weight, it is difficult to adsorb to the wood powder, which is not preferable. If the wood powder content is less than 10%, it becomes difficult to adsorb titanium oxide, and if the wood powder content is more than 60% by weight, the wood powder is burnt during the molding and the molding becomes difficult, which is not preferable. Here, in particular, 10 to 35% by weight of titanium oxide,
25-45% by weight of wood powder as a cellulosic crushed product, 35-45% by weight of one of resins such as PVC, PET, PE, PP, PC and nylon mentioned above as a resin, or a mixture of several types thereof Is preferred.
【0016】この光触媒木質合成材組成物は、例えば、
下記方法にて製造される。まず、木粉及び酸化チタンを
ミキサー内に投入する。木粉は、高速回転する攪拌衝撃
翼により破砕され、表面に傷を付けられ、毛羽立たせら
れながら、導管又は仮導管の壁が破壊されることが好ま
しい。また、攪拌衝撃翼の剪断力による摩擦熱により含
有水分量を0.5重量%以下(好ましくは0.1重量%
以下)まで乾燥されることが好ましい。この工程におい
て、酸化チタンは微小木粉の周囲(毛羽立たせられた木
粉の表面)、及び水分が蒸発して空洞化した一部の導管
又は仮導管内部に付着、浸入し固定されることが好まし
い。また、酸化チタンは、粒径が小さいほど能力が良
く、例えばX線粒径7〜50nm(特に好ましくは7n
m)が好ましい。以下の工程(酸化チタンを含む木粉と
樹脂とを混錬する工程、及び中空構造の板状に押出し成
形する工程)については、上述した木質合成材組成物と
概ね同様であるので、ここでは上記説明を援用する。
The photocatalytic wood-based synthetic material composition is, for example,
It is manufactured by the following method. First, wood powder and titanium oxide are put into a mixer. It is preferable that the wood powder be crushed by a stirring impeller rotating at a high speed, the surface thereof is scratched, and the wall of the temporary conduit is destroyed while being fluffed. Further, the content of water is 0.5% by weight or less (preferably 0.1% by weight) due to the frictional heat generated by the shearing force of the stirring impact blade.
It is preferable to be dried up to the following). In this process, titanium oxide may be attached, infiltrated and fixed around fine wood powder (the surface of fluffed wood powder) and inside some conduits or temporary conduits that have hollowed out due to water evaporation. preferable. Further, the smaller the particle size of titanium oxide, the better the performance. For example, the X-ray particle size is 7 to 50 nm (particularly preferably 7 n).
m) is preferred. The following steps (steps of kneading wood powder containing titanium oxide and a resin, and steps of extruding into a plate having a hollow structure) are substantially the same as those of the above-mentioned synthetic wood composition, so here The above description is incorporated.
【0017】この光触媒木質合成材組成物により成形さ
れた板材は、表面をサンドブラス等でサンディングし、
表面積を増加させ、酸化チタンと木粉を表面に露出させ
ることが好ましい。このように木粉に酸化チタンを付着
させる方法では、酸化チタンをコーティング剤として板
材の表面に塗布乾燥して被膜を形成する方法に比べ、光
触媒性能が高い。なお、光触媒の活性力により樹脂の劣
化を防ぐため、上記製造工程においては木粉のみに酸化
チタンを固定することが好ましい。また、表面をアルミ
でコートすることにより光活性を起さないルチル型酸化
チタンを複合することにより、耐久性を向上させること
が好ましい。また、酸化チタンは光触媒合成材組成物に
よる成形品の着色と木粉の焼けを防ぎ、剪断力を高める
効果もある。さらにまた、酸化チタンは、流動性、溶液
中における分散性が良好であり、光触媒合成材組成物に
よる成形品に対して温度変化に伴う膨張収縮を著しく少
なくすることにも寄与する。なお、その他詳細について
は、本発明者が先に開発した特開平11−172112
号等を参照されたい。
A plate material molded from this photocatalytic wood-based synthetic material composition has its surface sanded by sandblasting or the like,
It is preferable to increase the surface area and expose titanium oxide and wood flour to the surface. In this way, the method of adhering titanium oxide to the wood powder has a higher photocatalytic performance than the method of applying titanium oxide as a coating agent on the surface of the plate material and drying it to form a film. In addition, in order to prevent the deterioration of the resin due to the activity of the photocatalyst, it is preferable to fix the titanium oxide only to the wood powder in the above manufacturing process. Further, it is preferable to improve durability by coating the surface with aluminum to form a composite of rutile type titanium oxide that does not cause photoactivity. Further, titanium oxide also has an effect of preventing coloring of a molded product and burning of wood powder by the photocatalyst synthetic material composition and enhancing shearing force. Further, titanium oxide has good fluidity and dispersibility in a solution, and contributes to remarkably reducing expansion and contraction due to temperature change in a molded article made of the photocatalytic synthetic material composition. For other details, see Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-172112 developed by the present inventor.
Please refer to the issues.
【0018】[0018]
【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明に係る木質合成材組
成物の板材から構成された物置の好適な実施形態につい
て、図を参照して説明する。図1の斜視図に示すよう
に、物置1は、左右の屋根板2、前板3、前上面板4、
裏板5、左右の側板6、床板7、扉8及び土台9とを備
えている。ここで用いられる屋根板2、前板3、前上面
板4、裏板5、側板6、床板7及び扉8(以下、これら
を総称して各板材ということもある)は、上述した木質
合成材組成物により構成された中空構造の板材である。
土台9は、木質合成材組成物からなる柱材を床板7の裏
面に接合固定して、床板7の外周を囲う枠状等に構成し
たものが好ましいが、他の各板材と同様に中空構造の板
材を床板7の裏面に接合固定する構成でも良い。
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of a storeroom made of a plate material of a woody synthetic material composition according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. As shown in the perspective view of FIG. 1, the storeroom 1 includes a left and right roof plate 2, a front plate 3, a front upper plate 4,
A back plate 5, left and right side plates 6, a floor plate 7, a door 8 and a base 9 are provided. The roof plate 2, the front plate 3, the front upper plate 4, the back plate 5, the side plate 6, the floor plate 7 and the door 8 (hereinafter, these may be collectively referred to as each plate material) used herein are the above-mentioned wood-based composites. A plate material having a hollow structure made of a material composition.
The base 9 is preferably constructed by joining and fixing a pillar material made of a synthetic wood material composition to the back surface of the floor plate 7 so as to have a frame shape surrounding the outer periphery of the floor plate 7, but like the other plate materials, it has a hollow structure. The plate material may be joined and fixed to the back surface of the floor plate 7.
【0019】各板材は、具体的に床板7を例に挙げて説
明すると、図2(a)の斜視図に示すように、床板7に
は、外周壁71及び外周壁71と一体成形された隔壁7
2によって床板7の辺と平行に列設された複数の中空長
孔73が長尺方向に延在しており、床板7の両端は中空
長孔73により開放されている。隔壁72には、側板6
を接合固定するためのボルト受孔74(例えば2箇
所)、また、外周壁71には、前板3を接合固定するた
めのボルト受孔75(例えば2箇所)又は土台9を接合
固定するためのボルト受孔76(例えば10箇所)等、
各板材又は土台9と接合固定するための孔が適宜穿孔さ
れている。所定の中空長孔73には補強材11が挿通さ
れており、1枚の板材につき1本又は複数本(例えば3
本)挿通されていることが好ましい。この補強材11
は、図中矢印に示すように中空長孔73に挿入され、外
周壁71及び隔壁72に当接して固定されている。
The respective plate members will be specifically described by taking the floor plate 7 as an example. As shown in the perspective view of FIG. 2A, the floor plate 7 is integrally formed with the outer peripheral wall 71 and the outer peripheral wall 71. Partition 7
2, a plurality of hollow elongated holes 73 arranged in parallel with the sides of the floor plate 7 extend in the longitudinal direction, and both ends of the floor plate 7 are opened by the hollow elongated holes 73. The side wall 6 is provided on the partition wall 72.
Bolt receiving holes 74 (for example, two places) for joining and fixing the front plate 3 to the outer peripheral wall 71 (for example, two places) or for fixing the base 9 by joining. Bolt receiving holes 76 (for example, 10 places),
A hole for joining and fixing each plate material or the base 9 is appropriately punched. The reinforcing material 11 is inserted into the predetermined hollow elongated hole 73, and one or a plurality of (for example, 3
(Book) is preferably inserted. This reinforcement material 11
Is inserted into the hollow elongated hole 73 as shown by the arrow in the figure, and is fixed by abutting on the outer peripheral wall 71 and the partition wall 72.
【0020】図2(b)の分解斜視図に示すように、補
強材11は、断面凹状の木質合成材組成物、強化プラス
チック、木材、又は、金属(鉄等、アルミニウム等の軽
金属)等からなる剛性の柱部11aと、柱部11aの凹
み部分に嵌め込まれる所定形状(円柱、角柱形状等)の
金属芯(鉄芯等)11bとにより構成されることが好ま
しい。補強材11の材質及び形状はこれに限定されない
が、挿通する中空長孔73の形状に適合させることが好
ましい。例えば、材質は、上記の他に、発泡樹脂、又は
ウレタン樹脂等で柱部11aを構成しても良い。柱部1
1aに用いられる発泡樹脂(プラスチック発泡体等)
は、断熱性を備えることが好ましい。螺子止め等に耐え
得る程度の強度を有することが好ましい。また、それら
を中空長孔73の形状に合わせて加工したものでも良
い。例えば、補強材11(好ましくは柱部11a)には
ボルト受孔74,75,76に対応する穴が適宜穿孔さ
れていることが好ましい。例えば、ボルト受孔75の延
長上に合わせて穿孔することが好ましい。また、隔壁7
2上に穿孔されているボルト受孔74等を補強材11
(好ましくは柱部11a)に設けることも好ましい(図
示略)。図2(c)に示すように、木質合成材組成物、
強化プラスチック、木、セラミック、又は、金属(鉄
等)からなる剛性の柱状の補強材12でも良い。補強材
11の柱部11a、又は補強材12に代えて、断熱材と
してもよいし、補強材と断熱材とを兼ねるものでもよい
し、上記補強材と断熱材の両方を同じ又は別々の中空長
孔73に挿入することもできる。断熱材としてはプラス
チック発泡体、グラスウール等が挙げられる。断熱材を
中空長孔73に挿入することにより、断熱効果を持たせ
る効果がある。さらに、上記補強材と断熱材は、床板7
に限らず他の全ての板に適用できる。
As shown in the exploded perspective view of FIG. 2B, the reinforcing material 11 is made of a synthetic wood material composition having a concave cross section, reinforced plastic, wood, or metal (iron, light metal such as aluminum), or the like. It is preferable that the rigid pillar portion 11a and a metal core (iron core or the like) 11b having a predetermined shape (cylindrical shape, prismatic shape, or the like) fitted into the recessed portion of the pillar portion 11a. The material and shape of the reinforcing material 11 are not limited to this, but it is preferable to match the shape of the hollow elongated hole 73 to be inserted. For example, in addition to the above materials, the pillar portion 11a may be made of foam resin, urethane resin, or the like. Pillar 1
Foam resin used for 1a (plastic foam, etc.)
Preferably has a heat insulating property. It is preferable to have a strength that can withstand screwing or the like. Further, those processed according to the shape of the hollow elongated hole 73 may be used. For example, it is preferable that holes corresponding to the bolt receiving holes 74, 75, and 76 are appropriately formed in the reinforcing member 11 (preferably the column portion 11a). For example, it is preferable to punch the bolt receiving hole 75 in accordance with the extension of the bolt receiving hole 75. Also, the partition 7
The bolt receiving hole 74 and the like drilled on
It is also preferable to provide it (preferably on the column portion 11a) (not shown). As shown in FIG. 2 (c), a wood-based synthetic material composition,
A rigid columnar reinforcing member 12 made of reinforced plastic, wood, ceramic, or metal (iron etc.) may be used. In place of the pillar portion 11a of the reinforcing material 11 or the reinforcing material 12, a heat insulating material may be used, or both a reinforcing material and a heat insulating material may be used. Both of the reinforcing material and the heat insulating material may be the same or different hollows. It can also be inserted into the long hole 73. Examples of the heat insulating material include plastic foam and glass wool. Inserting a heat insulating material into the hollow elongated hole 73 has an effect of providing a heat insulating effect. Further, the reinforcing material and the heat insulating material are used for the floor board 7
Not limited to, it can be applied to all other boards.
【0021】床板7とは若干大きさ及び形状の異なる、
屋根板2(図3参照)、前板3(図4参照)、前上面板
4(図3参照)、裏板5(図3又は図4参照)、側板6
(図4参照)及び扉8(図示略)も各々外周壁と隔壁に
より形成される中空長孔を有し、床板7と概ね同様の中
空構造の板材である。なお、補強材11は必ずしも全て
の板材に備える必要はないが、強度の面から各板材に少
なくとも1本は補強材11を挿通することが好ましい。
特に、床板7には重い道具や荷物を置いたときに、底が
抜けたり、割れたりすることを防止するため、複数本の
補強材11を挿通して頑丈な構成とすることが好まし
い。
The floor board 7 is slightly different in size and shape,
Roof plate 2 (see FIG. 3), front plate 3 (see FIG. 4), front upper plate 4 (see FIG. 3), back plate 5 (see FIG. 3 or FIG. 4), side plate 6
(See FIG. 4) and the door 8 (not shown) also have hollow elongated holes formed by the outer peripheral wall and the partition wall, and are substantially the same hollow structure as the floor plate 7. It should be noted that the reinforcing material 11 does not necessarily have to be provided in all the plate materials, but it is preferable that at least one reinforcing material 11 is inserted into each plate material in terms of strength.
In particular, in order to prevent the bottom from coming off or cracking when a heavy tool or luggage is placed on the floor plate 7, it is preferable to insert a plurality of reinforcing members 11 into a sturdy structure.
【0022】また、物置1を構成する各板材として、木
質合成材組成物に代えて、前述した酸化チタンを付着さ
せた光触媒木質合成材組成物を用いることもできる。こ
れにより、物置1は、各板材に含有される酸化チタンに
光(例えば紫外線等)が当たることにより有害物質を好
適に無害化するため、抗菌、殺菌及び消臭効果等を備え
ることができる。
Further, as each plate material constituting the storage 1, the photocatalytic wood synthetic material composition to which the above-mentioned titanium oxide is adhered can be used instead of the wood synthetic material composition. As a result, the storeroom 1 suitably detoxifies harmful substances by exposing the titanium oxide contained in each plate material to light (for example, ultraviolet rays), and thus can be provided with antibacterial, sterilizing and deodorizing effects.
【0023】上記各板材は、以下の方法により組み立て
られる。まず、屋根板2と前上面板4及び裏板5との接
合方法について図3の分解斜視図を参照して説明する。
屋根板2は、外周壁21及び隔壁22によって形成され
た中空長孔23を有する中空構造の板材である。本実施
例では、中空長孔23は物置1の左右方向に延在する構
成であるが、物置1の前後方向に延在する構成としても
構わない。裏面には前上面板4及び裏板5との当接領域
に沿って数個(例えば6個)の突起部24がボルト24
a等の固定具により外周壁21に取付けられている。突
起部24は、前上面板4及び裏板5の外周壁41,51
及び隔壁42,52により形成される中空長孔43,5
3の位置及び形状に合わせて設けられており、前上面板
4及び裏板5の所定の中空長孔43,53に適宜嵌め込
み可能な構成である。突起部24の材質は、天然木又は
樹脂等でも構わないが、外周壁21及び隔壁22の材質
と同様に木質合成材組成物とすることが好ましい。
The above plate members are assembled by the following method. First, a method of joining the roof plate 2, the front upper plate 4 and the back plate 5 will be described with reference to the exploded perspective view of FIG.
The roof plate 2 is a plate member having a hollow structure having a hollow elongated hole 23 formed by an outer peripheral wall 21 and a partition wall 22. In the present embodiment, the hollow elongated hole 23 is configured to extend in the left-right direction of the storage 1, but it may be configured to extend in the front-back direction of the storage 1. On the back surface, several (for example, 6) protrusions 24 are provided along the contact area between the front upper plate 4 and the back plate 5 by bolts 24.
It is attached to the outer peripheral wall 21 by a fixture such as a. The protrusions 24 are formed on the outer peripheral walls 41, 51 of the front upper plate 4 and the back plate 5.
And hollow elongated holes 43, 5 formed by the partitions 42, 52
It is provided in accordance with the position and shape of No. 3 and can be fitted into predetermined hollow elongated holes 43, 53 of the front upper plate 4 and the back plate 5 as appropriate. The material of the protrusions 24 may be natural wood, resin, or the like, but it is preferable to use a synthetic wood material composition like the materials of the outer peripheral wall 21 and the partition wall 22.
【0024】屋根板2と前上面板4及び裏板5は、図中
の矢印に示すように、この突起部24を屋根板2の裏側
に当接される前上面板4及び裏板5の所定の中空長孔4
3,53に嵌め込むことにより接合固定される。このと
き、前上面板4及び裏板5の屋根板2との当接面は中空
長孔43,53によって開放されていることが必要であ
る。従って、前上面板4及び裏板5の中空長孔43,5
3は物置1の上下方向に延在する構成である。また、接
着剤やボルト等で補助的に固定しても良い。さらに、左
右の屋根板2の当接部分には棟木(図示略)を備える構
成としても良い。このように接合固定することにより、
簡単な組立てでありながらも、美観を損ねることもな
く、頑丈に接合固定できる。
The roof plate 2, the front upper plate 4 and the back plate 5 have the protrusions 24 which are abutted against the back side of the roof plate 2 as shown by the arrows in the figure. Predetermined hollow elongated hole 4
By fitting in 3, 53, they are joined and fixed. At this time, the contact surfaces of the front upper surface plate 4 and the back plate 5 with the roof plate 2 need to be opened by the hollow elongated holes 43 and 53. Therefore, the hollow elongated holes 43, 5 of the front upper plate 4 and the back plate 5 are
3 is a structure extending in the vertical direction of the storeroom 1. Further, it may be supplementarily fixed with an adhesive or a bolt. Further, a purlin (not shown) may be provided at the abutting portion of the left and right roof plates 2. By joining and fixing in this way,
Although it is a simple assembly, it can be firmly joined and fixed without impairing its aesthetic appearance.
【0025】次に、前板3、裏板5、左右の側板6及び
床板7の接合方法について図4の分解斜視図を参照して
説明する。前板3及び側板6は、上述した裏板5又は床
板7等と同様、外周壁31,61及び隔壁32,62に
よって形成された中空長孔33,63を有する中空構造
の板材であり、各々ボルト等の固定具によって接合固定
されている。ここでは、前板3及び側板6も前上面板4
及び裏板5と同様、中空長孔33,63は、物置1の上
下方向に延在する構成が好ましい。従って、前板3及び
側板6も天辺及び底面が中空長孔33,63により開放
されている。一方、床板7は、中空長孔73が物置1の
左右方向に延在する構成であるが、物置1の前後方向に
延在する構成としても構わない。なお、物置1の完成時
には、中空長孔73等は外観から目視できないようにす
ることが好ましい。
Next, a method of joining the front plate 3, the back plate 5, the left and right side plates 6 and the floor plate 7 will be described with reference to the exploded perspective view of FIG. The front plate 3 and the side plate 6 are plate members having a hollow structure having hollow elongated holes 33 and 63 formed by the outer peripheral walls 31 and 61 and the partition walls 32 and 62, respectively, like the back plate 5 or the floor plate 7 described above. It is joined and fixed by a fixing tool such as a bolt. Here, the front plate 3 and the side plates 6 are also the front upper plate 4
Similarly to the back plate 5, the hollow elongated holes 33, 63 preferably have a configuration extending in the up-down direction of the article storage 1. Therefore, the top plate and the bottom plate of the front plate 3 and the side plate 6 are also opened by the hollow elongated holes 33 and 63. On the other hand, the floor plate 7 has a configuration in which the hollow elongated holes 73 extend in the left-right direction of the storage 1, but may have a configuration that extends in the front-back direction of the storage 1. When the storage 1 is completed, it is preferable that the hollow elongated holes 73 and the like are not visible from the outside.
【0026】具体的な接合方法としては、ボルト34a
を前板3に穿孔されたボルト受孔34(例えば2箇所)
に挿通して、床板7に適宜設けられたボルト受孔75
(例えば2箇所)に螺合することにより、前板3を床板
7に接合固定している。このとき、ボルト受孔75は床
板7に挿通されている補強材11まで達しているため、
ボルト34aは安定して保持され、強固に接合固定され
る。また、ボルト64aを側板6に穿孔されたボルト受
孔64(例えば2箇所)に挿通して、床板7に適宜設け
られたボルト受孔74(例えば2箇所)に螺合すること
により、側板6を床板7に接合固定している。なお、こ
こではボルト受孔74を隔壁72上に設けているが、中
空長孔73に挿通されている補強材11にボルト受孔7
4を設ける構成としても良い。同様に、裏板5は、ボル
ト受孔54(例えば2箇所)を挿通して床板7に適宜設
けられたボルト受孔(図示略)に螺合されたボルト(図
示略)により、床板7と接合固定される。
As a concrete joining method, the bolt 34a is used.
Bolt receiving holes 34 (for example, two places) formed in the front plate 3
The bolt receiving hole 75 that is appropriately provided on the floor plate 7
The front plate 3 is joined and fixed to the floor plate 7 by being screwed (for example, at two places). At this time, the bolt receiving hole 75 reaches the reinforcing member 11 inserted in the floor plate 7,
The bolt 34a is stably held and firmly joined and fixed. Further, the bolts 64a are inserted into the bolt receiving holes 64 (for example, two places) formed in the side plate 6 and screwed into the bolt receiving holes 74 (for example, two places) appropriately provided in the floor plate 7, so that the side plate 6 is formed. Is fixed to the floor board 7 by bonding. Although the bolt receiving hole 74 is provided on the partition wall 72 here, the bolt receiving hole 7 is formed in the reinforcing member 11 inserted in the hollow elongated hole 73.
4 may be provided. Similarly, the back plate 5 is connected to the floor plate 7 by bolts (not shown) which are inserted through the bolt receiving holes 54 (for example, two places) and screwed into the bolt receiving holes (not shown) appropriately provided in the floor plate 7. Bonded and fixed.
【0027】また、隣接する各板材も適宜ボルト等の固
定具により接合固定されている。例えば、裏板5と側板
6はボルト受孔65(例えば4箇所)を挿通してボルト
受孔55(例えば4箇所)に螺合されたボルト(図示
略)により接合固定される。前板3も同様に片側の側板
6にボルト(図示略)によって接合固定される。また、
前上面板4はボルト受孔66に挿通されたボルトによっ
て左右の側板6に接合固定される(図示略)。なお、他
方の側板6には、扉8を取り付けるためのヒンジ14が
適宜(例えば3箇所)備えられている。
Further, adjacent plate members are also joined and fixed by fixing members such as bolts. For example, the back plate 5 and the side plate 6 are joined and fixed by bolts (not shown) which are inserted through the bolt receiving holes 65 (for example, four places) and screwed into the bolt receiving holes 55 (for example, four places). Similarly, the front plate 3 is also joined and fixed to one side plate 6 by a bolt (not shown). Also,
The front upper surface plate 4 is joined and fixed to the left and right side plates 6 by bolts inserted in the bolt receiving holes 66 (not shown). The other side plate 6 is appropriately provided with hinges 14 (for example, three places) for attaching the door 8.
【0028】また、図5(a)及び図5(b)の部分断
面図に示すように、側板6と屋根板2は連結部材13を
介して接合固定されることが好ましい。連結部材13は
左右の各側板6に2箇所ずつ(好ましくは物置1の四隅
に合計4箇所)設けられており、横方向に挿通されたボ
ルト13aにより側板6と接合固定され、縦方向(下方
から)に挿通されたボルト13bにより屋根板2と接合
固定されている。このとき、接着剤等で補助的に固定し
ても良い。ここでは、側板6及び連結部材13の屋根板
2との当接面は屋根板の角度(例えば30度)に適合す
る形状とすることが好ましい。また、連結部材13の材
質も他の部材と同様に木質合成材組成物が好ましい。な
お、連結部材13を用いずに、屋根板2から側板6に縦
方向(上方から)に直接ボルトを打ち込み、屋根板2と
側板6を接合固定する構造としても良い(図示略)。
Further, as shown in the partial sectional views of FIGS. 5A and 5B, it is preferable that the side plate 6 and the roof plate 2 are joined and fixed via a connecting member 13. Two connecting members 13 are provided on each of the left and right side plates 6 (preferably a total of four positions on the four corners of the storeroom 1). The connecting members 13 are joined and fixed to the side plates 6 by the bolts 13a that are inserted in the horizontal direction, and the vertical direction (down It is joined and fixed to the roof plate 2 by a bolt 13b inserted through At this time, it may be supplementarily fixed with an adhesive or the like. Here, it is preferable that the contact surfaces of the side plate 6 and the connecting member 13 with the roof plate 2 have a shape adapted to the angle of the roof plate (for example, 30 degrees). Further, the material of the connecting member 13 is preferably a wood synthetic material composition like the other members. Instead of using the connecting member 13, a bolt may be directly driven from the roof plate 2 to the side plate 6 in the vertical direction (from above) to join and fix the roof plate 2 and the side plate 6 (not shown).
【0029】扉8は、側板6にヒンジ14等の金具によ
り、側板6に開閉可能に取付けられている(例えば3箇
所)。また、扉8と前板3には一対の留め金具15a,
15bが取付けられており(図1参照)、閉鎖時には扉
8は留め金具15a,15bにより固定される。
The door 8 is attached to the side plate 6 by means of a metal fitting such as a hinge 14 so that the door 8 can be opened and closed (for example, at three positions). The door 8 and the front plate 3 have a pair of fasteners 15a,
15b is attached (see FIG. 1), and the door 8 is fixed by fasteners 15a and 15b when closed.
【0030】上記のように構成された本実施形態におけ
る物置1は、以下の効果を有する。 (1)物置1を構成する各板材に木質合成材組成物を用
いることにより、高級感溢れ、格調の高い物置1を提供
できる。特に、天然木を超えた質感、優しさ、暖かみを
備えると共に、強度が強く、雨風にさらされても腐食・
変形・破損しにくい。また、木質合成材組成物はリサイ
クルも可能であり、天然木の使用量を削減することがで
きるため、資源保護及び費用削減が好適に実現される。 (2)また、物置1を構成する各板材として、酸化チタ
ンを付着させた光触媒木質合成材組成物を用いれば、
(1)と同様の効果に加え、さらに、抗菌、殺菌及び消
臭効果等を備えることができる。 (3)木質合成材組成物により構成される各板材(例え
ば側板6等)は、外周壁61及び隔壁62からなる中空
長孔63を有する中空構造であるため、軽量であり組立
て易い上、歪みや捩れに対しても強固なものとなる。ま
た、各板材を中空構造にすることによって、使用環境に
応じて、各板材(例えば屋根板2、側板6等)の中空長
孔63に適宜、空気を流通させたり、或いは封入したり
することもできるので、外部からの熱が物置1内に伝わ
りにくくなり、暑さ又は寒さ等、外気温の変化に影響さ
れにくくなる。 (4)各板材(例えば床板7等)は、所定の中空長孔7
3に補強材11を挿通することにより、歪みや捩れに対
する強度が一層向上し、割れたり折れたりすることを好
適に防止できる。特に、床板7を頑丈にすることによっ
て、重い道具や荷物等も収納可能となる。また、補強材
11にボルト34a等を螺合することによりボルト34
aの安定度(保持力)が向上するため、前板3等を好適
に接合固定できる。また、補強材11を発泡樹脂で構成
することにより、上記効果に併せて、各板材に断熱効果
を持たせることができる。 (5)屋根板2の裏面に設けられた突起部24を前上面
板4及び裏板5の所定の中空長孔43,53に嵌め込む
ことにより、屋根板2を接合固定するので、簡単な組立
てでありながらも、美観を損ねることもなく、充分強固
に接合固定できる。
The storeroom 1 according to the present embodiment configured as described above has the following effects. (1) By using a wood-based synthetic material composition for each plate material that constitutes the storeroom 1, it is possible to provide the storehouse 1 with a high-grade feeling and high dignity. In particular, it has a texture, tenderness, and warmth that exceeds that of natural wood, and it has strong strength and does not corrode when exposed to rain and wind.
Not easily deformed or damaged. In addition, the synthetic wood material composition can be recycled and the amount of natural wood used can be reduced, so that resource conservation and cost reduction can be suitably realized. (2) If the photocatalyst wood-based synthetic material composition to which titanium oxide is adhered is used as each plate material constituting the storeroom 1,
In addition to the same effects as (1), antibacterial, sterilizing and deodorizing effects can be provided. (3) Since each plate material (for example, the side plate 6 and the like) made of the woody synthetic material composition has a hollow structure having a hollow elongated hole 63 composed of an outer peripheral wall 61 and a partition wall 62, it is lightweight, easy to assemble, and distorted. It is also strong against twisting. Further, by making each plate material a hollow structure, air can be appropriately circulated or enclosed in the hollow elongated holes 63 of each plate material (for example, the roof plate 2, the side plate 6, etc.) according to the usage environment. Since it is also possible, heat from the outside is less likely to be transferred into the storage 1, and is less likely to be affected by changes in the outside temperature such as heat or cold. (4) Each plate (for example, the floor plate 7) has a predetermined hollow elongated hole 7
By inserting the reinforcing material 11 into the groove 3, the strength against distortion and twist is further improved, and it is possible to preferably prevent cracking or breaking. In particular, by making the floorboard 7 sturdy, it becomes possible to store heavy tools, luggage, and the like. In addition, the bolts 34a and the like are screwed into the reinforcing member 11 so that the bolts 34
Since the stability (holding force) of a is improved, the front plate 3 and the like can be suitably joined and fixed. In addition to the above effects, each plate member can be made to have a heat insulating effect by forming the reinforcing member 11 with a foamed resin. (5) The roof plate 2 is joined and fixed by fitting the protrusions 24 provided on the back surface of the roof plate 2 into the predetermined hollow elongated holes 43 and 53 of the front upper plate 4 and the back plate 5, so that it is simple. Even though it is an assembly, it does not spoil the aesthetics and can be joined and fixed sufficiently firmly.
【0031】以上、本実施例における物置1について説
明したが、実施の形態は上記に限定されるものではな
く、本発明の技術的範囲に属する限り種々の形態を採り
得るものである。また、本発明の技術的思想を逸脱しな
い範囲において、改変等を加えることができるものであ
り、それらの改変、均等物等も本発明の技術的範囲に含
まれることとなる。
Although the storage 1 according to the present embodiment has been described above, the embodiment is not limited to the above, and various forms can be adopted as long as they are within the technical scope of the present invention. Further, modifications and the like can be added without departing from the technical idea of the present invention, and modifications and equivalents thereof are also included in the technical scope of the present invention.
【0032】例えば、前板3、前上面板4、裏板5、側
板6又は床板7の裏面又は表面にも屋根板2と同様に突
起部を設けることにより、上述した屋根板2と前上面板
4及び裏板5との接合方法と同様の接合方法を用いて当
接する各板材を接合固定しても良い(図示略)。このと
き、各板材に設けた突起部は当接される各板材(例えば
側板6であれば前板3、前上面板4、裏板5、床板7
等)の中空長孔に沿って設けられることが必要である。
これにより、屋根板2と前上面板4及び裏板5だけでな
く、隣接する各板材同士においても、突起部を中空長孔
に嵌め込み接合固定することにより、好適に組み合わせ
ることができ、一層強固で外観も優れた物置とすること
ができる。また、物置1の形状は本実施例に示した形状
に限定されない。各板材の種類、形状及び枚数等は適宜
選択可能であり、それらを自在に組み合わせることによ
り、様々なバリエーションの物置を提供することができ
る。また、他の補強部材又は装飾部材を適宜設けること
も可能である。
For example, by providing protrusions on the back surface or the front surface of the front plate 3, the front upper plate 4, the back plate 5, the side plates 6, or the floor plate 7 in the same manner as the roof plate 2, the above-mentioned roof plate 2 and the front upper part are provided. The abutting plate members may be joined and fixed by a joining method similar to the joining method with the face plate 4 and the back plate 5 (not shown). At this time, the protrusions provided on the respective plate members come into contact with the respective plate members (for example, in the case of the side plate 6, the front plate 3, the front upper plate 4, the back plate 5, the floor plate 7).
Etc.) must be provided along the hollow elongated hole.
As a result, not only the roof plate 2, the front upper plate 4 and the back plate 5, but also adjacent plate members can be suitably combined by fitting the protrusions into the hollow elongated holes and joining and fixing them. With this, it is possible to make a storeroom with an excellent appearance. Further, the shape of the storeroom 1 is not limited to the shape shown in this embodiment. The type, shape, number of sheets, and the like of each plate material can be appropriately selected, and by freely combining these, it is possible to provide a storeroom of various variations. It is also possible to appropriately provide other reinforcing members or decorative members.
【0033】[0033]
【発明の効果】請求項1乃至4の発明によれば、高級感
溢れ、格調の高い物置を提供できる。特に、天然木を超
えた質感、優しさ、暖かみを備え、強度に優れ、雨風に
さらされても腐食・変形・破損しにくい。また、簡単な
組立てでありながらも、美観を損ねることもなく、地震
や暴風雨にも耐え得る程の充分強固な構造である。ま
た、物置を構成する各板材は歪みや捩れに対して一層強
固なものであると共に、断熱効果を備えることもでき
る。また、請求項5の発明によれば、物置に抗菌、殺菌
及び消臭効果等を備えることもできる。
According to the first to fourth aspects of the present invention, it is possible to provide a high-grade storeroom with a high-grade feeling. In particular, it has a texture, kindness, and warmth that exceeds that of natural wood, has excellent strength, and is resistant to corrosion, deformation, and damage even when exposed to rain and wind. In addition, the structure is simple and yet strong enough to withstand earthquakes and storms without impairing the aesthetics. Further, each plate material constituting the storeroom is more robust against distortion and twist, and can also have a heat insulating effect. Further, according to the invention of claim 5, the storage room can be provided with antibacterial, sterilizing and deodorizing effects.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】本実施例における物置1の斜視図である。FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a storeroom 1 according to the present embodiment.
【図2】(a)は床板7の斜視図、(b)は補強材11
を構成する柱部11a及び鉄芯11bの斜視図、(c)
は他の形態の補強材12の斜視図である。
2A is a perspective view of the floor plate 7, and FIG. 2B is a reinforcing member 11.
Perspective view of the pillar portion 11a and the iron core 11b that configure the
[Fig. 6] is a perspective view of a reinforcing member 12 of another form.
【図3】屋根板2と前上面板4及び裏板5との接合方法
を示す分解斜視図である。
FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view showing a method of joining the roof plate 2 to the front upper plate 4 and the back plate 5.
【図4】前板3、裏板5、側板6及び床板7との接合方
法を示す分解斜視図である。
FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view showing a method of joining the front plate 3, the back plate 5, the side plate 6, and the floor plate 7.
【図5】(a)は屋根板2と側板6の接合構造を示す正
面からの部分断面図、(b)は屋根板2と側板6の接合
構造を示す側面からの部分断面図である。
5 (a) is a partial cross-sectional view from the front showing the joint structure of the roof plate 2 and the side plate 6, and FIG. 5 (b) is a partial cross-sectional view from the side showing the joint structure of the roof plate 2 and the side plate 6.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 物置、 2 屋根板、 3 前板、
4 前上面板、 5 裏板、 6 側板、
7 床板、 8 扉、 11 補強
材、11a 柱部、 11b 鉄芯、 13
連結部材、21,31,41,51,61,71 外周
壁、22,32,42,52,62,72 隔壁、2
3,33,43,53,63,73 中空長孔、24
突起部
1 storeroom, 2 roof boards, 3 front boards,
4 front upper plate, 5 back plate, 6 side plate,
7 Floor board, 8 Door, 11 Reinforcement material, 11a Pillar part, 11b Iron core, 13
Connecting member, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71 Outer peripheral wall, 22, 32, 42, 52, 62, 72 Partition wall, 2
3, 33, 43, 53, 63, 73 hollow elongated holes, 24
protrusion
───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl.7 識別記号 FI テーマコート゛(参考) E04B 1/343 E04B 1/343 M Fターム(参考) 2B260 AA02 AA20 BA01 BA20 CD04 EB09 2E025 CA01 CB06 CC00 ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of front page (51) Int.Cl. 7 Identification code FI theme code (reference) E04B 1/343 E04B 1/343 MF term (reference) 2B260 AA02 AA20 BA01 BA20 CD04 EB09 2E025 CA01 CB06 CC00

Claims (5)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】屋根部材、壁部材、床部材及び扉部材が木
    質合成材組成物からなり、複数の中空長孔が辺と平行に
    列設された中空構造の板材により構成され、 前記壁部材は少なくとも前板、裏板及び側板から構成さ
    れ、 それぞれ隣接する前記前板、裏板、側板及び床部材は固
    定具を取り付けることにより接合固定され、 前記屋根部材は裏面に突起部を備え、該突起部を前記壁
    部材の中空長孔の端部に嵌め込むことにより接合固定さ
    れることを特徴とする木質合成材組成物の板材から構成
    された物置。
    1. A roof member, a wall member, a floor member and a door member are made of a synthetic wood material composition, and are constituted by a plate member having a hollow structure in which a plurality of hollow elongated holes are arranged in parallel with sides. Is composed of at least a front plate, a back plate and a side plate, the front plate, the back plate, the side plate and the floor member which are respectively adjacent to each other are joined and fixed by attaching a fixture, and the roof member is provided with a protrusion on the back surface, A storage device composed of a plate material of a woody synthetic material composition, which is joined and fixed by fitting a protrusion into an end of a hollow elongated hole of the wall member.
  2. 【請求項2】前記屋根部材、壁部材、床部材又は扉部材
    の中空長孔に補強材及び/又は断熱材を挿通することを
    特徴とする請求項1記載の木質合成材組成物の板材から
    構成された物置。
    2. A plate material of a wood-based synthetic material composition according to claim 1, wherein a reinforcing material and / or a heat insulating material is inserted into the hollow elongated holes of the roof member, wall member, floor member or door member. A structured storeroom.
  3. 【請求項3】前記補強材及び/又は断熱材は発泡樹脂か
    らなることを特徴とする請求項2記載の木質合成材組成
    物の板材から構成された物置。
    3. A storage device made of a plate material of a woody synthetic material composition according to claim 2, wherein the reinforcing material and / or the heat insulating material is made of foamed resin.
  4. 【請求項4】前記補強材及び/又は断熱材に固定具を取
    り付けることにより、それぞれ隣接する前記前板、裏
    板、側板又は床部材と接合固定されることを特徴とする
    請求項2又は3記載の木質合成材組成物の板材から構成
    された物置。
    4. The fixing member is attached to the reinforcing material and / or the heat insulating material, so that the reinforcing material and / or the heat insulating material are joined and fixed to the adjacent front plate, back plate, side plate or floor member. A storage room composed of a plate material of the above-mentioned synthetic wood material composition.
  5. 【請求項5】前記木質合成材組成物が酸化チタンを付着
    させた光触媒木質合成材組成物であることを特徴とする
    請求項1乃至4いずれかに記載の木質合成材組成物の板
    材から構成された物置。
    5. The plate material of the wood synthetic material composition according to claim 1, wherein the wood synthetic material composition is a photocatalytic wood synthetic material composition to which titanium oxide is adhered. Storage room.
JP2002019728A 2002-01-29 2002-01-29 Storing room composed of board of woody artificial timber composition Pending JP2003221935A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002019728A JP2003221935A (en) 2002-01-29 2002-01-29 Storing room composed of board of woody artificial timber composition

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002019728A JP2003221935A (en) 2002-01-29 2002-01-29 Storing room composed of board of woody artificial timber composition

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2003221935A true JP2003221935A (en) 2003-08-08

Family

ID=27743465

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2002019728A Pending JP2003221935A (en) 2002-01-29 2002-01-29 Storing room composed of board of woody artificial timber composition

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2003221935A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109853743A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-06-07 安徽企服工程技术有限公司 A kind of modular assembly formula steel structure technique and its assembly method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109853743A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-06-07 安徽企服工程技术有限公司 A kind of modular assembly formula steel structure technique and its assembly method
CN109853743B (en) * 2018-12-27 2021-01-29 安徽企服工程技术有限公司 Modular assembly type steel structure building system and assembly method thereof

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