Description: BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a method of detecting and accumulating a biological signal by attaching an electrocardiograph at any time, and analyzing the detected and accumulated data immediately or as needed. TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a portable electrocardiograph for the purpose of enabling a patient's physical condition to be grasped at a remote place, and a method of mounting and using the same.  Conventionally, there have been many proposals for portable electrocardiographs. For example, a first electrode group for detecting a biological signal and its first support, a second electrode group and its second support,
Processing signals detected from the first and second electrode groups;
A biological signal detection device including a transmitter for wireless transmission has been proposed (JP-A-2001-70267).  A portable electrocardiograph housing in which a plurality of electrodes are provided in a housing in which signal processing means are built therein is rotatably connected to a supporting member, and the supporting member is provided with electrodes. There is also a proposal for an electrocardiograph (Jitsuhei 6-2652).  Next, a first electrode also serving as an acoustic coupler pad having a suitable shape applicable to a mouthpiece of a receiver, and a second electrode provided on a side surface of the body case, on a flat portion of the body case, The first electrode, a memory circuit of an electrocardiogram signal obtained from the second electrode, an acoustic coupler for transmitting the electrocardiogram signal stored in the memory circuit via a telephone line, and the control circuit in a main body case. A built-in portable electrocardiograph has been proposed (Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 6-1682). Further, a portable electrocardiograph which has a means for transmitting measurement data and is provided with a connection portion with a reading device so as to automatically cover the connection portion is also known (Japanese Utility Model 3-2).
5762).  Any of the known electrocardiographs receives a biological signal, processes and stores the biological signal,
It is designed to be connected directly to the reader or via a telephone line.However, when using this, it is necessary to support it with a hand, support it with a support, or use a connector. There was a point. When connecting to a telephone line,
There is also a problem that a specific connection means is required, such as a need for an acoustic coupler pad instead of a mobile phone.  Further, the apparatus provided with the transmitting means has a problem that the apparatus becomes complicated and large. According to the present invention, the case is adhered and fixed to a measuring portion of a living body, so that a hand or a band or other equipment is not required for attaching the electrocardiograph to the living body, and the stored data is portable. The above problems were solved by enabling telephone transmission to solve the above-mentioned problems and making it possible to immediately know the current state of the patient at a remote place or a remote place. That is, according to the present invention, in an electrocardiograph provided with a biological signal data processing means in a flat case, a plurality of electrodes and a means for fixing to a living body are provided on a living body contact surface of the case. A portable electrocardiograph characterized in that: The data processing means includes an input amplifier, an A / D converter,
The signal processing circuit, the memory, the data transfer circuit, the display device, and the sound generator are provided, and the fixing means is a bonding portion. Next, the invention of the method is to fix a plurality of exposed electrodes and an adhesive portion provided between the electrodes to a contact portion of a living body on one side of an electrocardiograph case. This is the method of mounting the portable electrocardiograph, which is a special feature. According to another method of the present invention, an electrode of an electrocardiograph is closely fixed to a contact portion of a living body at an arbitrary time to detect a biological signal, and data based on the detection is transmitted via a transmitting means such as a mobile phone. A method of using a portable electrocardiograph characterized by analyzing or mailing or bringing an electrocardiograph to analyze data. In the above invention, one of the electrodes may be movable, or three or more induction electrodes may be provided.
Adhesion in the above invention, the application of a known adhesive that is harmless to the living body, if a release paper is adhered to the upper surface, there is no danger of sticking to other objects while carrying, if the electrode is covered with a release paper There is also an advantage that also protects. In the case of the present invention, a printed circuit board is incorporated, and necessary circuits are incorporated therein.
Since it is only necessary to incorporate other necessary parts and batteries, the total thickness can be significantly reduced, so that not only is it convenient to carry, but also it is possible to take daily actions with the electrocardiograph attached. You can get the ECG in your daily life. In addition, since transmission can be performed by a mobile phone or a personal computer, a doctor at a remote location can decode an electrocardiogram at the time of emergency and return to instruct an appropriate treatment. In addition, by moving some of the electrodes, not only biological signals near the heart but also biological signals from other parts are captured, which can contribute to comprehensive decoding. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The present invention provides a circuit capable of detecting and processing a biological signal in a flat case, and a plurality of electrodes arranged on an outer surface of an electrocardiograph having a built-in memory. ,
An adhesive portion is provided. Therefore, the case can be fixed to the living body only by contacting and bonding the bonding portion of the case, and the electrodes can be securely brought into close contact with each other. In this case, the adhesive force is to hold the case and keep the electrodes in close contact, and it is sufficient if the adhesive has an adhesive force that does not separate or move even when the living body moves. Because of the above-mentioned mounting and functional characteristics,
The patient can be carried on a daily basis, and the ECG can be transmitted by instruction or at a predetermined time. For emergency patients, an electrocardiogram can be collected from emergency response to arrival at the hospital, or transmitted at any time, and an appropriate instruction can be received from a physician at a remote location by interpreting the electrocardiogram. Further, the opinions of a plurality of doctors scattered in a remote place or a remote place can be immediately heard. [Embodiment 1] An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1, 2, and 3.
2b and 2c are fixed, and an adhesive portion 3 is provided between the electrodes. The bonding part 3 is made of an adhesive layer and is covered with a release paper 4. In the case 1, a printed circuit board 5 provided with various circuits for detecting and processing inputs from electrodes is provided.
, A battery 6, and other circuit components 7. Further, a memory for storing data obtained by detecting and processing input from the electrode and other necessary circuits are accommodated. As shown in FIG. 2, the necessary circuits include an amplification and filter, an A / D converter, a signal processing circuit, a data transfer circuit, a microprocessor, and other terminals. In the above embodiment, if a flexible material is used for the case, the printed circuit board, the battery, and other components, it is possible to easily fit the living body surface to the fixing part when fixing the living body. . In the above-described embodiment, the sound generator in FIGS. In addition, the display unit is configured to display, for example, waveforms, numbers, comments, and other necessary information. According to the above embodiment, the electrodes 2a, 2b, 2
The input from c enters the microprocessor via amplification and filters, is processed and stored in memory. Also, when transferring data, it is connected to an external device such as a mobile phone via an external connection terminal. In the above description, FIG. 2 shows that one of the built-in electrodes can be used with an external electrode via an external electrode connection terminal, and FIG. 3 shows that two external electrodes can be used. is there. The signal path between the built-in electrode and the external electrode is switched by a switch that switches in conjunction with the external electrode connection terminal. FIG. 4A is a block diagram of a circuit and electrodes when three or more external electrodes are provided. FIG. 4 (b) aims at minimizing the shape and weight of the electrocardiograph main body by dispersing a part of the circuit components shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 to external electrodes. . By separately installing the batteries in several places, the battery life can be greatly extended. Each electrode is provided with a means (adhesive part) for fixing it to a body part. The shape of the bonding portion 3 and the type of the adhesive in the above embodiment are not limited, and it is sufficient that the electrocardiograph is held at a predetermined position and the contact state of the electrodes is kept constant. . Embodiment 2 Another embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. According to this embodiment, the case 8
The electrodes 9a, 9b, 9c are arranged, and the electrodes 9a, 9b, 9
c, electrode fixing portions 10a, 10b, and 10c are provided around the fixing portion 11 of the case 8 between the electrode fixing portions 10a, 10b, and 10c, or as another means,
For example, the case is fixed in place in the living body using an adhesive tape or the like. In the above embodiment, when the electrodes are to be removed, the electrodes can be freely spaced by the connector 12 and the lead wire 13 as shown in FIG. Embodiment 3 A method of using the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. In the case of this embodiment, for example, a hospital lends an electrocardiograph to a patient, the patient measures at a designated time or a time required for measurement such as during exercise, and uses a mobile phone at a prescribed time or immediately after the measurement. An electrocardiogram can be transmitted to a hospital or a doctor in charge to obtain a decoding result of the doctor in charge or receive an instruction. The above-described embodiment is for a predetermined patient. If the electrocardiograph is permanently installed in an ambulance or the like, an electrocardiogram is transmitted to an emergency hospital in advance during emergency transportation of a heart disease.
Be prepared to take appropriate action. According to the present invention, since the electrocardiograph is a self-holding type electrocardiograph, the electrocardiograph can be easily abutted and fixed to a measuring part of a living body without any need for a hand or an instrument. There is. In addition, since electric power can be transmitted using a portable telephone or other equipment, there is an effect that an appropriate instruction can be obtained from a doctor in a remote place or a remote place despite the extremely small size.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 (a) is a cross-sectional view in which a part of an embodiment of the present invention is omitted. (B) Back view. FIG. 2 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the circuit. FIG. 3 is a block diagram of an embodiment of another circuit. FIG. 4A is a block diagram of an embodiment in which a plurality of electrodes are provided. (B) The block diagram of the Example which set the electrode and the battery similarly. FIG. 5A is a bottom view in which a part of an embodiment in which an electrode can be separated from a main body case is also omitted. (B) A bottom view in which a part of the same electrode is removed. FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a usage example. [Description of Signs] 1 Case 2a, 2b, 2c Electrode 3 Adhesive part 4 Release paper 5 Printed circuit board 6 Battery 7 Circuit component 8 Case 9a, 9b, 9c Electrode 10a, 10b, 10c Electrode fixing part 11 Fixing part 12 Connector 13 Lead line