GB2489947A - Wound dressing formed by needling two non-woven layers together - Google Patents

Wound dressing formed by needling two non-woven layers together Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2489947A
GB2489947A GB201106124A GB201106124A GB2489947A GB 2489947 A GB2489947 A GB 2489947A GB 201106124 A GB201106124 A GB 201106124A GB 201106124 A GB201106124 A GB 201106124A GB 2489947 A GB2489947 A GB 2489947A
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United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
wound dressing
fibres
layers
wound
wicks
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GB201106124A
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GB2489947B (en
GB201106124D0 (en
Inventor
Colin Raymond Bradford
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Advanced Medical Solutions Ltd
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Advanced Medical Solutions Ltd
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Priority to GB1106124.9A priority Critical patent/GB2489947B/en
Publication of GB201106124D0 publication Critical patent/GB201106124D0/en
Publication of GB2489947A publication Critical patent/GB2489947A/en
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Publication of GB2489947B publication Critical patent/GB2489947B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/00004Non-adhesive dressings
    • A61F13/00021Non-adhesive dressings characterized by the structure of the dressing
    • A61F13/00029Non-adhesive dressings characterized by the structure of the dressing made of multiple layers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/00004Non-adhesive dressings
    • A61F13/00034Non-adhesive dressings characterized by a property
    • A61F13/00042Absorbency
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/00051Accessories for dressings
    • A61F13/00063Accessories for dressings comprising medicaments or additives, e.g. odor control, PH control, debriding, antimicrobic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/02Adhesive plasters or dressings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/02Adhesive plasters or dressings
    • A61F13/0203Adhesive plasters or dressings having a fluid handling member
    • A61F13/022Adhesive plasters or dressings having a fluid handling member having more than one layer with different fluid handling characteristics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/02Adhesive plasters or dressings
    • A61F13/0203Adhesive plasters or dressings having a fluid handling member
    • A61F13/0223Adhesive plasters or dressings having a fluid handling member characterized by parametric properties of the fluid handling layer, e.g. absorbency, wicking capacity, liquid distribution
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/53Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium
    • A61F13/534Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium having an inhomogeneous composition through the thickness of the pad
    • A61F13/537Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium having an inhomogeneous composition through the thickness of the pad characterised by a layer facilitating or inhibiting flow in one direction or plane, e.g. a wicking layer
    • A61F13/53743Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium having an inhomogeneous composition through the thickness of the pad characterised by a layer facilitating or inhibiting flow in one direction or plane, e.g. a wicking layer characterised by the position of the layer relative to the other layers
    • A61F13/53752Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium having an inhomogeneous composition through the thickness of the pad characterised by a layer facilitating or inhibiting flow in one direction or plane, e.g. a wicking layer characterised by the position of the layer relative to the other layers the layer is embedded in the absorbent core
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00089Wound bandages
    • A61F2013/00157Wound bandages for burns or skin transplants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00365Plasters use
    • A61F2013/00519Plasters use for treating burn
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00727Plasters means for wound humidity control
    • A61F2013/00731Plasters means for wound humidity control with absorbing pads
    • A61F2013/00744Plasters means for wound humidity control with absorbing pads containing non-woven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00727Plasters means for wound humidity control
    • A61F2013/00748Plasters means for wound humidity control with hydrocolloids or superabsorbers

Abstract

A wound dressing comprises at least two absorbent non-woven layers comprised of entangled fibres and being in an opposed relationship to each other. One of the layers is a wound facing layer. The said layers are held in spaced apart relationship from each other by a plurality of spacer wicks that are spaced apart from each other. The spacer wicks are formed by entanglement (e.g. by needling) of fibres from at least one of said layers into the adjacent layer, such that the fibres at the ends of the wicks are entangled with the fibres of the respective adjacent layers to hold the layers together in the spaced apart relationship.

Description

Wound Dressing The present invention relates to a wound dressing comprised of absorbent fibres whereby the dressing is able to absorb exudate from a wound.

Various types of non-woven wound dressings comprise of entangled absorbent fibres are known, e.g. in the form of felts. Non-woven felts may be used as primary wound dressings. Such felts typically have a basis weight in the range of 80-140 g m2.

The felt may be the wound contact layer and the absorbent fibres may be such as to gel as wound exudate is absorbed, thus allowing easy removal of the dressing. The gelling fibres may for example be alginate and/or carboxymethylcellulose fibres. In other cases, the felt may be associated with a wound contact layer (for location between the wound and the felt) in which case the fibres may be of other absorbent materials/blends. In all cases, the wound dressing may ôomprise a backing layer. 4*

* * 15 * *U * :"° Non-woven felts for use in wound dressings may be manufactured by the : .*. following steps: S* SI :. 1. Opening -This is the first stage in separating clumps of fibres into individual fibres and is a coarse combing action. Fibres can be blended together at this stage.

SSS 55

S S

2. Carding -This is a finer combing action to separate all the fibres and create a coherent, lightweight web. The fibres are largely orientated in the length direction (machine direction of the produced web).

3. Crosslapping -This lays down over lapping layers of the lightweight, carded web to build up the overall weight to the required level. This action turns the process flow through 90 degrees, and the fibres are now orientated across the width of the felt.

4. Needling -Numerous barbed needles penetrate the fibres, taking fibres from the surface into the middle, thereby entangling the fibres to create the felt. The needles only take fibres in one direction; the barbs of the needles have no effect on the way out. The quantity and type of needles, the speed of needling and the penetration depth control the felt properties. The needling action can be carried out in more than stage, and from one or both sides of the fibres.

The absorbent properties of the felt are dependent of the fibre type, weight of the felt and the degree of needling.

As the felt weight is increased, the overall absorbency does not go up in proportion, e.g. a 200g/m2 felt will not absorb twice as much as a bOg m2 felt.

Also, as thickness increases, it is more difficult for exudate to penetrate the felt, and fully utilise its absorbent capacity. This is because that even after needling there are a large number of fibres still in the horizontal plane, and few in the vertical plane.

For very highly exuding woynds such as burns, those as a result of lymphoedema, or carcinomas; multiple dressings are sometimes used. This can lead * : -: to very expensive dressing changes, as several pouches have to!be opened. * **

It is an object of the present invention to obviate or mitigate the above * 20 mentioned disadvantages. * ** * S

According to the present invention there is provided a wound dressing 0*5 S * comprising at least two absorbent non-woven layers comprised of entangled fibres and being in an opposed relationship to each other, one of said layers being a wound facing layer wherein said layers are held in spaced apart relationship from each other by a plurality of spacer wicks that are spaced apart from each other and formed by entanglement (e.g. by needling) of fibres from at least one of said layers into the adjacent layer such that the fibres at the ends of the wicks are entangled with the fibres of the respective adjacent layers to hold said layers together in said spaced apart relationship.

In the context of the present invention, the wound facing layer is that non-woven layer which is closest to the wound when the dressing is applied.

Wound dressings in accordance with the invention may be produced from pre-prepared non-woven layers (e.g. felts) which comprise entangled fibres. These fibres may, for example, have a length of 50 to 100mm. Techniques for producing such non-woven materials have been described above. The non-woven materials may then be further needled together in such a way that the spacer wicks formed of absorbent fibres are produced. These spacer wicks are, in effect, bridges that allow for exudate transport from one non-woven layer to adjacent layer going in a direction away from the wound facing layer. The total number of spacer wicks provides sufficient structural integrity so that the two non-woven layers are held in spaced apart relationship. A further feature is that the fibres forming the spacer wicks are, at the axial ends of the wicks, entangled with the fibres in the two non-woven layers thus retaining the layers together in spaced apart relationship.

Wound dressings in accordance with the invention may be produced from pre-prepared, absorbent non-woven layers (e.g. felts), using for example Laroche Napco process, 3D Web Linker ®. This machine can be set to produce the desired spacing for the layers, spacing of the wicks and cross-sectional size of the wicks. The machine * ** "joins" the non-woven layers together by means of bridges (i.e. the support wicks) by 0:. entanglement of fibres from at least one of the non-woven layers into the adjacent layer such that the fibres at the ends of the wicks are entangled with the fibres of the : * respective adjacent layers to hold these layers together in spaced apart relationship. a:: a a

Therefore the wound dressings of the invention comprise at least two non-woven layers held in spaced apart relationship by the plurality of spacer wicks (produced as described), between which there are channels extending between adjacent faces of the two layers. In use of the dressing, exudate is initially absorbed by the wound facing layer and is then transferred by the spacer wicks to the adjacent layer of non-woven material. This arrangement has the advantage that it allows more of the absorption capacity of the two non-woven layers to be used than would be the case if the two layers were in contacting relationship.

The spacer wicks will generally extend substantially perpendicularly between the opposed faces of the two layers and will generally be such as to provide a spacing of at least 3mm and generally a maximum of 10mm (typically 3 to 5mm) between these adjacent faces. However the length of the wicks (and therefore the spacing between opposed faces of the non-woven layers) will be dependent on the weight of the two layers (each of which will typically be in the range of 80 to 140 g rn2) and how much fibre (in the original non-woven materials) is available to create the spacer wicks.

Typically the spacer wicks are located a distance of 4 to 12 mm (preferably 4 to 8mm) from each other in the two directions perpendicular the axes of the spacer wicks. The spacer wicks may be uniformly or non-uniformly spaced from each other. Alternatively or additionally the spacer wicks may be located at the intersections of a notional square or rectangular grid.

In some embodiments of the invention, certain of the spacer wicks ("a first set") may be spaced from each other by the same distance and other spacer wicks in the dressing ("the second set") may be spaced by the same distance from each other but with this distance being different from that by which the wicks of the first set are spaced from each other. The spacing of the wicks in the second set may, for example, be an ". : 15 integral multiple of the spacing of the wicks in the first set. By way of example, the * * wicks in the first set may be spaced by 4mm and the wicks in the second set by 8mm or 12mm. * *5

It will be appreciated that the spacing between the wicks has an effect on both the total absorbency of the dressing as well as on the structural integrity thereof. A : **. relatively narrow spacing between the spacer wicks provides more transport capacity for exudate to pass from one of the layers to the next. However this will increase the * S S S*S * 5 overall level of needling and result in a lower absorbency. A wider spacing will give less structural rigidity, effectively allowing the non-woven layers to collapse and form one thick layer resulting in poor wicking from one layer to the next.

it is possible to take advantage of the fact that a narrow spacing of the vertical bridges provides more opportunity for exudate transport from one layer to the next by designing the wound dressing such that there is a greater number of spacing wicks per unit area in a central region of the dressing than in an outer region thereof. Thus when such a dressing is applied to a wound the central region is able to provide greater transport of exudate where it is required.

The level of needling to create the spacer wicks can be varied by speed and penetration depth of the needles. More needling increases the number of fibres in the -spacer wicks, giving greater overall strength and hence more resistance to collapse.

However this may tend to reduce the overall absorbency.

Although the invention has thus far been described with particular reference to a dressing comprising two layers held in spaced apart relationship from each other by the spacer wicks, it is possible for the dressing to comprise more than two such layers with any two adjacent layers being held in spaced relationship from each other by a plurality of further spacer wicks formed as generally described above.

The non-woven layers employed in the invention are absorbent but may be comprised of fibres that are not necessarily absorbent per Se. Absorption can occur by take-up of exudate into interstices in the layers. Exudate can be supported by capillary action along the wicks. However in preferred embodiments of the invention at least some of the fibres in at least some of the non-woven layers will be absorbent fibres. It . : will be appreciated that, in this case, the spacer wicks may also incorporate absorbent fibres, e.g. any of the particular types listed below. * *

* ,* The fibres used in the dressings may be those typically employed for wound dressings applications where absorption capability is required: Thus, for example, the **S absorbent fibres may be getling fibres, for which a particular examples are alginate and carboxymethytcellulose fibres. Such fibres may be located in any layer of the dressing and may be the predominate fibre component in any layer in which they are located.

sSe *5 5 * 5 Generally such fibres will be located in at least the wound facing layer of the dressing since it will generally be preferred that the wound facing layer has a greater gelling capacity than the other non-woven layers.

A further possibility is that the dressing comprises superabsorbent fibres, e.g. based on polyacrylic acid fibres admixed with viscose andlor polyester fibres. Once again, such fibres may be provided in any or all of the non-woven layers and may be the predominate fibrous component in any layer in which they are provided. It will however generally be preferred that the superabsorbent fibres are provided in a layer other than the wound facing layer. In this way the superabsorbent fibres have a drawing effect and "pull" exudate from the wound contact layer into another layer of the dressing. Such an arrangement can be used to mimic the effect of vacuum therapies.

A further possibiUty is for one or more of the non-woven layers to comprise a blend of absorbent fibres and (possibly non-absorbent) synthetic fibres that resist compression of the wound dressing to improve absorbency when the dressing is to e used in conjunction with a bandage system applied over the top of the dressing.

There are various other options for improving the strength characteristics of the dressing. For example, the dressing could be manufactured by interposing a layer of foam between any two adjacent non-woven layers and then effecting a needling action to form the spacer wicks in the manner described. The needling action would serve to consolidate the foam in the wicks, leaving the areas therebetween filled with less-consolidated ("soft") foam. Instead of using foam; a spun-laid non-woven or a net couki be used to provide strengthening and reinforcement.

If desired, the wound dressing may be provided with a wound contact layer so that the wound facing layer does not come into direct contact with the wound. Such a wound contact layer may, for example, be a perforated material (to allow exudate * *. *�e * transport through the perforations), a net or a fibrous layer. * .e

en. Furthermore, the dressing may be provided with a backing layer providing additional characteristics for the dressing, e.g. to control moisture loss from a wound or : ** * to act as a bacterial barrier. Depending on the function required, such a backing layer **. * may be a semi-permeable film, a discrete non-woven layer (i.e. not one attached to an adjacent non-woven layer by spacer wicks), a foam etc. Examples of such materials are well known to persons skilled in the art.

The dressing may incorporate additives, particular such additives as are beneficial to wound healing. The additives may be provided in the dressing in a number of ways.

One possibility is for the additives to be incorporated in the fibres that are to be used to make the non-woven material. A further possibility is for the additive to be sprayed, coated etc on to the non-woven material before the dressing is formed.

A further possibility is to incorporate the additive in the interstitial spaces between the spacer wicks. Such additives may be incorporated as, or in, viscous liquids (e.g. gels) or fine particulate materials that can be pumped through small diameter pipes into the interstitial spaces.

Examples of additives that may be used include: (a) Antimicrobials (e.g. iodine, polyhexamethylene biguanide, chlorohexidine and groups of antibiotics: Amirioglycosides Ansamycins, Carbacephem, Carbapenems, Cephalosporins, Lincosamides, Macrolides, Monobactams, Nitrofurans, Penicllins, F'olypeptides, Quniolones, Sulfonamides, Tetracyclines, Quaternary Ammonium compounds), (b) Antibiofilm agents (e.g. polyphosphates, Delmopinol), (c) Matrix Metallo Protease (MMP) binding (e.g. zinc oxide, polyphosphates, EDTA), * * (d) Haemostatic agents (Calcium alginate, Kaolin), * .* * S S *s** (e) Odour absorbing (e.g. activated carbon), : *.., (f) Superabsorbent materials (e.g. Technical Absorbent Ltd Oasis fibre blends). S.. S

S

In the event that any additives to be incorporated in the dressing should desirably not come into contact with the wound then such additive can be provided in a layer other than the wound contact layer. Thus, for example, a number of actives such as antimicrobials have been shown to have cytotoxic effects and if used inappropriately can slow down wound healing. These risks may be reduced by ensuring that such additives are non present within the wound contact layer.

It will be appreciated that the combination of the two non-woven layers (held in spaced apart relationship by the spacer wicks) may be used as a "stand alone" dressing for application to the wound. Alternatively the combination may be used to form part of an island dressing, in which case the combination is located in the centre of an adhesive film or substrate. In either case, a wound contact layer may be applied to the wound facing layer.

Wound dressings in accordance with the invention are particularly useful for very highly exuding wounds such as burns, those as a result of lymphoedema or carcinomas.

It will be appreciated that wound dressings in accordance with the invention may be sterilised in accordance with standard techniques and supplied for use in sterile packaging.

The invention is further described by reference to Figs 1-5 of the accompanying drawings which incorporate self-explanatory annotations.

Non-woven materials for use in the invention may, for example, be produced with fibres having a length of 2.5 to 200mm e.g. 50 to 150mm. e.n. * S * a. * S S S...

S S.. * *S * . . S.. S

***S.* * S

Claims (13)

  1. CLAIMS: 1. A wound dressing comprising at least two absorbent non-woven layers comprised of entangled fibres and being in an opposed relationship to each other, one of said layers being. a wound facing layer wherein said layers are held in spaced apart relationship from each other by a plurality of spacer wicks that are spaced apart from each other and formed by entanglement (e.g. by needling) of fibres from at least one of said layers into the adjacent layer such that the fibres at the ends of the wicks are entangled with the fibres of the respective adjacent layers to hold said layers together in said spaced apart relationship.
  2. 2. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 1 wherein said first and second layers are felts.
  3. 3. A wound dressing as claimed in claim I or 2 wherein said spacer wicks S are comprised of fibres of one of the layers.
    *5*e** * . * *.
  4. 4. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein said **** spacer wicks extend substantially perpendicularly between the opposed faces of the layers. * *
  5. 5 * S S
    * 5. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 4 wherein the *s.*** * 5 spacer wicks hold the opposed faces of the layers at least 3 mm apart, and preferably a maximum of 10mm apart.
  6. 6. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein the spacer wicks are located a distance of 4 to 12mm, preferably 4 to 8mm, from each other in the two directions perpendicular to the axes of the spacer wicks.
  7. 7. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 6 wherein the spacer wicks are uniformly spaced from each other.
  8. 8. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 6 wherein the spacer wicks are located at the intersections of a notional square or rectangular grid.
  9. 9. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6 wherein there is a greater number of spacer wicks per unit area in a central region of the dressing than in an outer region thereof,
  10. 10. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9 wher&n the wound facing layer is of lesser area than the other layer and is located within the boundaries thereof whereby said dressing is an island dressing.
  11. 11. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 10 comprising at least one further non-woven (e.g. absorbent) layer comprised of fibres and held in spaced relationship from one of the other layers of the dressing by a plurality of further spacer wicks formed of fibres which at the ends of said further wicks are entangled with the fibres of the respective adjacent layers.
  12. 12. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 11 wherein at least some of the fibres of at least some of the non-woven layers are absorbent fibres.S.. e. * S* ..
  13. 13. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 12 wherein the en. spacer wicks between at least two of the layers include absorbent fibres. Ce. * 2014. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 13 wherein at least one of said layers comprises alginate fibres. * S.C * C15. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 14 wherein said at least one layer is comprised predominantly of alginate fibres.16. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 14 or 15 wherein the wound facing layer comprises said algiriate fibres.17. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 13 wherein at least one of said layers comprises superabsorbent fibres.18. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 17 wherein said at least one layer is comprised predominantly of superabsorbent fibres.19. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 18 wherein the wound facing layer comprises said superabsorbent fibres are provided other than in the wound contact layer..20. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 13 wherein at least one of said layers comprises gelling fibres.21. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 20 wherein said at least one layer is comprised predominantly of gelling fibres.22. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 21 wherein the wound facing layer comprises said gelling fibres.23. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 22 wherein each *. : of said layers has a basis weight in the range of 80 to 200 g m2, preferably 80 to 1409 * * m.* 04401 * 0 : ** 24. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 23 wherein at least one of the layers incorporates synthetic fibres that resist compression of the lb * 20 wound dressing. * I* * S S0*0 * 25. A wound dressing as claimed in any One of claims I to 24 additionally 0. .* * S comprising foam material between at least two of said layers, said foam material being consolidated within the spacer wicks between those layers and being less consolidated in the spacer between these wicks.26. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 25 additionally comprising a wound contacting layer in the form of a perforated layer or a fibrous layer.27. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 26 wherein at least one of the layers incorporates an additive beneficial to the wound healing process.28. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 27 wherein the additive has antimicrobial, antibiofilm MMP-binding, haemostatic or odour-absorbing properties.29. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 27 or 28 wherein the additive is provided other than in the wound facing layer.30. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 29 wherein additives are provided between two of the layers in the channels formed between the wicks.31. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 30 wherein the additives in the channels are in the form of viscous liquids, gels or powders.32. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 30 or 31 wherein the additives are beneficial to the wound healing process.33. A wound dressing as claimed in claim 32 wherein the additives have antimicrobial, antibiofilm, MMP-binding, haemostatic, odour absorbing Or super * a.* absorbent properties. * * * * S...* 34. A wound dressing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 33 in a sterile condition. * .. * S S:;: .: 35. A sterile package incorporating a wound dressing as claimed in claim 36. A method of treating a wound on a patient comprising applying to the wound a dressing as claimed in any one of claims I to 34.
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JP2015517371A (en) * 2012-05-24 2015-06-22 スミス アンド ネフュー インコーポレーテッド Devices and methods for treating and close the wound by negative pressure
US9662246B2 (en) 2012-08-01 2017-05-30 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment
EP3087960A4 (en) * 2013-12-25 2017-07-05 Foshan United Medical Technologies Ltd Wound dressing containing three-layer fabric and wound dressing manufacturing method
US9801986B2 (en) 2008-03-13 2017-10-31 Smith & Nephew Plc Vacuum closure device
US9844472B2 (en) 2012-05-22 2017-12-19 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound closure device
US9877872B2 (en) 2011-07-14 2018-01-30 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment
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US10076449B2 (en) 2012-08-01 2018-09-18 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment
US10124098B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2018-11-13 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Negative pressure wound closure device and systems and methods of use in treating wounds with negative pressure
US10159771B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2018-12-25 Smith & Nephew Plc Compressible wound fillers and systems and methods of use in treating wounds with negative pressure
US10179073B2 (en) 2014-01-21 2019-01-15 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound treatment apparatuses
US10201644B2 (en) 2005-09-07 2019-02-12 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Self contained wound dressing with micropump
US10201642B2 (en) 2014-01-21 2019-02-12 Smith & Nephew Plc Collapsible dressing for negative pressure wound treatment
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US10201644B2 (en) 2005-09-07 2019-02-12 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Self contained wound dressing with micropump
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US10076449B2 (en) 2012-08-01 2018-09-18 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment
US9662246B2 (en) 2012-08-01 2017-05-30 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing and method of treatment
US10124098B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2018-11-13 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Negative pressure wound closure device and systems and methods of use in treating wounds with negative pressure
US10159771B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2018-12-25 Smith & Nephew Plc Compressible wound fillers and systems and methods of use in treating wounds with negative pressure
EP3087960A4 (en) * 2013-12-25 2017-07-05 Foshan United Medical Technologies Ltd Wound dressing containing three-layer fabric and wound dressing manufacturing method
US10179073B2 (en) 2014-01-21 2019-01-15 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound treatment apparatuses
US10201642B2 (en) 2014-01-21 2019-02-12 Smith & Nephew Plc Collapsible dressing for negative pressure wound treatment

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