GB2343939A - Shotgun ammunition - Google Patents

Shotgun ammunition Download PDF

Info

Publication number
GB2343939A
GB2343939A GB9825631A GB9825631A GB2343939A GB 2343939 A GB2343939 A GB 2343939A GB 9825631 A GB9825631 A GB 9825631A GB 9825631 A GB9825631 A GB 9825631A GB 2343939 A GB2343939 A GB 2343939A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
shot
cup
shotgun
shot cup
cartridge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB9825631A
Other versions
GB9825631D0 (en
Inventor
Stephen P Dales
Martin Arran
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GAMEBORE CARTRIDGE Co LIM
Original Assignee
GAMEBORE CARTRIDGE Co LIM
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GAMEBORE CARTRIDGE Co LIM filed Critical GAMEBORE CARTRIDGE Co LIM
Priority to GB9825631A priority Critical patent/GB2343939A/en
Publication of GB9825631D0 publication Critical patent/GB9825631D0/en
Publication of GB2343939A publication Critical patent/GB2343939A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B7/00Shotgun ammunition
    • F42B7/02Cartridges, i.e. cases with propellant charge and missile
    • F42B7/04Cartridges, i.e. cases with propellant charge and missile of pellet type
    • F42B7/046Pellets or shot therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B7/00Shotgun ammunition
    • F42B7/02Cartridges, i.e. cases with propellant charge and missile
    • F42B7/08Wads, i.e. projectile or shot carrying devices, therefor

Abstract

A shot cup 20 for a shotgun cartridge 10 is disclosed which is made of paper or other biodegradable fibrous material. The shot cup 20 serves to contain shot 26, particularly non-lead shot which may be abrasive, during firing, and to prevent such shot contacting the gun barrel.

Description

PATENTS ACT 1977 Agents'Reference: P12886GB-H/JCC/ac DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION Title:"Improvements in or relating to shotgun ammunition" THIS INVENTION relates to shotgun ammunition, and, more particularly, to lead-free shotgun ammunition.
There is widespread ecological pressure and a consequential trend of legislation against the use of the traditional lead shot for wild fowling and other shotgun use, due to the toxic nature of lead. As a result, various alternatives have been proposed to lead as a shot material, with varying degrees of success. The most successful of these proposas to date has involved the use of metallic tungsten or other non-toxic heavy metal in the form of fine particles in a plastics binder, the resulting composite material being used to form shotgun pellets.
Unfortunately, most of the lead-free shot substitutes so far proposed are more prone to damage the bore of a shotgun than the traditional lead shot, although some such substitutes are more detrimental to shotgun barrels than others.
Even the relatively benign tungsten-filled plastics material is slightly abrasive and may, over extended periods of use, tend to abrade the surface of a shotgun barrel, for example in the region of the"choke"where the bore narrows slightly towards the discharge end of the shotgun barrel.
In order to prevent such abrasion, it is normal to use, with such lead-free shot, a lightweight shot cup of plastics material comprising a generally cylindrical end wall which serves the same function as the conventional wad in conventional shotgun cartridges, but which has extending forwardly therefrom, (i. e. towards the discharge end of the shotgun barrel in use), a peripheral wall or skirt to defme, with the base wall, a receptacle or chamber to hold the charge of leadfree shot. When the cartridge is fired in a shotgun, the cup, with the charge of shot therein, is propelled, by the exploding charge, from the gun barrel and is separated from the charge of shot by the retarding effect of the atmosphere upon the lightweight large-diameter shot cup, the retarding effect of the atmosphere on the shot cup being much greater than the retarding effect of the atmosphere upon the smaller, denser, individual shot pellets. Because, during the travel of the shot/shot cup package down the gun barrel during firing, the peripheral wall of the shot cup lies between the gun barrel and the charge of shot, the shot pellets themselves do not contact the gun barrel and thus do not abrade the latter and the shot cup itself, is not, of course, prone to damage the gun barrel. The shot cup also serves the additional function of preventing deformation of the shot pellets by high speed contact with the gun barrel. Such deformation is undesirable, because it tends to affect the shot aerodynamically, producing more"spread"than may be ideal. However, such plastics shot cups are themselves beginning to be perceived as a nuisance from the environmental point of view, since the discharged shot cup form a species of litter in the areas of the country where shooting is popular and, being plastics, tend to survive as such litter for many years.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved shot cup which is more environmentally friendly than such plastics shot cup.
According to one aspect of the invention there is provided a shot cup, as herein defined, for shotgun ammunition, comprising a base wall structure and a side wall structure upstanding from the periphery of the base wall structure, characterised in that the shot cup is made of paper or other biodegradable fibre composition.
According to another aspect of the invention there is provided a shotgun cartridge, comprising a cartridge casing, a propellant charge within the casing, a shot cup according to the first noted aspect of the invention within the casing in front of the propellant charge and a quantity of shot within the shot cup.
An embodiment of the invention is described below by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawing in which: FIGURE 1 is a schematic sectional view in longitudinal section through a shotgun cartridge incorporating a shot cup in accordance with the invention, and FIGURES 2 and 3 are perspective views to an enlarged scale showing successive stages in the manufacture of the shot cup itself.
Referring to the drawings, a shotgun cartridge 10 comprises, in conventional manner, a casing comprising a generally cylindrical tubular body 12 of cardboard or plastics secured at a rear end thereof within a metal end cap 14 carrying a percussion cap 16. Within the casing, adjacent the cap 14 and percussion cap 16 is a propellant charge 18 of explosive powder and in front of the charge 18 is disposed shot cup 20 comprising a base wall 22 which fits closely within the cylindrical body 12, the shot cup having a generally cylindrical peripheral wall 24 closely adjacent the interior surface of the body 12. A charge of shot 26, which may, for example, be pellets of a composite material comprising particles of metallic tungsten in a plastics matrix, is disposed within the shot cup 20. A cardboard closure disc 28, fitting closely within the cartridge body 12 overlies the cup 20 and the shot charge 26 and is retained by crimping or upsetting the outer (forwardmost) peripheral edge of the cartridge body 12 inwardly slightly to overlie the periphery of the disc 28.
In accordance with the invention, the shot cup 20 is of paper and may, for example, be formed by winding several turns of a paper strip, coated with adhesive, around a cylindrical mandrel, to form a laminated open-ended paper tube as shown in Figure 2 and, preferably before the adhesive has dried or set, upsetting an end region of the tube, of an axial length approximately equal to the radius r of the tube, inwardly, as illustrated schematically in Figure 2, so that the end region, thereby forced into a number of overlapping folds, forms the base 22 of the cup. Any other convenient means for forming the paper cup may, of course, be used. The adhesive used in manufacture of the cup 20 is preferably a biodegradable or water soluble adhesive.
The paper or cardboard used for the shot cup is preferably of such a nature as to have a relatively low wet strength so that after use, the empty shot cups lying on the ground will rapidly break up upon exposure to rain. The paper may also be so treated as to enhance its susceptibility to fungi and bacteria in the natural environment, or at least is not treated with chemicals which would tend to reduce that susceptibility.

Claims (6)

  1. CLAIMS 1. A shot cup, as herein defined, for shotgun ammunition, comprising a base wall structure and a side wall structure upstanding from the periphery of the base wall structure, characterised in that the shot cup is made of paper or other biodegradable fibre composition.
  2. 2. A shot cup according to claim 1, wherein said paper or other biodegradable composition is so made as to enhance its propensity for mechanical, biological or other breakdown when exposed to outdoors environmental conditions.
  3. 3. A shotgun cartridge comprising a cartridge casing, a propellant charge within the casing, a shot cup according to claim 1 or claim 2 in front of the propellant charge, and shot within the shot cup.
  4. 4. A shotgun cartridge according to claim 3 wherein said shot comprises pellets each comprising particles of tungsten or other dense metal or compound in a plastics matrix.
  5. 5. A shot cup, substantially as hereinbefore described.
  6. 6. A shotgun cartridge, substantially as hereinbefore described.
GB9825631A 1998-11-23 1998-11-23 Shotgun ammunition Withdrawn GB2343939A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9825631A GB2343939A (en) 1998-11-23 1998-11-23 Shotgun ammunition

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9825631A GB2343939A (en) 1998-11-23 1998-11-23 Shotgun ammunition
US09/759,707 US20010042486A1 (en) 1998-11-23 2001-01-12 Shot cup

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB9825631D0 GB9825631D0 (en) 1999-01-13
GB2343939A true GB2343939A (en) 2000-05-24

Family

ID=10842888

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9825631A Withdrawn GB2343939A (en) 1998-11-23 1998-11-23 Shotgun ammunition

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US20010042486A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2343939A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20190154414A1 (en) * 2016-11-01 2019-05-23 Midwest Outdoor Holdings, LLC Ballistic barrel cleaning shell
GB2586909A (en) * 2019-09-05 2021-03-10 Richard Mcleod Graham A wad for a shotgun cartridge
US11112223B2 (en) 2020-01-24 2021-09-07 Midwest Outdoor Holdings, LLC Bore cleaning device operable to clean a bore of a firearm

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6988450B1 (en) * 2002-09-25 2006-01-24 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Anti-personnel ammunition
US7607393B2 (en) * 2004-08-10 2009-10-27 Alliant Techsystems Inc. Slug ball ammunition
US20080184907A1 (en) * 2007-02-05 2008-08-07 Juan Carlos Casas One Piece Shotshell
US11209254B2 (en) * 2016-03-09 2021-12-28 Msato, Llc Pellet shaped marking round for air rifles and pistols
FR3083599B1 (en) * 2018-07-05 2020-08-14 Shoot Hunting Outdoor BIODEGRADABLE BUCKET HOLDER FOR RIFLE CARTRIDGE
IL287242A (en) * 2020-10-27 2022-05-01 Fiocchi Munizioni Spa Wadding system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB389211A (en) * 1931-12-23 1933-03-16 Walter Edwards Improvements in shot-gun cartridges
GB470420A (en) * 1936-02-14 1937-08-16 Walter Edwards Improvements in or relating to shot-gun cartridges
GB841901A (en) * 1953-12-11 1960-07-20 Olin Mathieson Ammunition cartridges
GB1101856A (en) * 1965-09-24 1968-01-31 Imp Metal Ind Kynoch Ltd Shotgun cartridge
GB1403148A (en) * 1972-10-04 1975-08-13 Hercules Inc Shot shell and wadding therefor
GB2293869A (en) * 1994-10-03 1996-04-10 William John Jackson Ellis Wad for steel shot in shotguns

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB389211A (en) * 1931-12-23 1933-03-16 Walter Edwards Improvements in shot-gun cartridges
GB470420A (en) * 1936-02-14 1937-08-16 Walter Edwards Improvements in or relating to shot-gun cartridges
GB841901A (en) * 1953-12-11 1960-07-20 Olin Mathieson Ammunition cartridges
GB1101856A (en) * 1965-09-24 1968-01-31 Imp Metal Ind Kynoch Ltd Shotgun cartridge
GB1403148A (en) * 1972-10-04 1975-08-13 Hercules Inc Shot shell and wadding therefor
GB2293869A (en) * 1994-10-03 1996-04-10 William John Jackson Ellis Wad for steel shot in shotguns

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20190154414A1 (en) * 2016-11-01 2019-05-23 Midwest Outdoor Holdings, LLC Ballistic barrel cleaning shell
US10578408B2 (en) * 2016-11-01 2020-03-03 Midwest Outdoor Holdings, LLC Ballistic barrel cleaning shell
GB2586909A (en) * 2019-09-05 2021-03-10 Richard Mcleod Graham A wad for a shotgun cartridge
GB2586909B (en) * 2019-09-05 2021-12-08 Richard Mcleod Graham A wad for a shotgun cartridge
US11112223B2 (en) 2020-01-24 2021-09-07 Midwest Outdoor Holdings, LLC Bore cleaning device operable to clean a bore of a firearm

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB9825631D0 (en) 1999-01-13
US20010042486A1 (en) 2001-11-22

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Legal Events

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WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)