GB2166871A - Respiration monitor - Google Patents

Respiration monitor Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2166871A
GB2166871A GB08422177A GB8422177A GB2166871A GB 2166871 A GB2166871 A GB 2166871A GB 08422177 A GB08422177 A GB 08422177A GB 8422177 A GB8422177 A GB 8422177A GB 2166871 A GB2166871 A GB 2166871A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
elements
electrically conductive
strip
piezoelectric
monitor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB08422177A
Other versions
GB8422177D0 (en
Inventor
Ronald Henry Crawford
Gordon Michael Kennard
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Vickers PLC
Original Assignee
Vickers PLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Vickers PLC filed Critical Vickers PLC
Priority to GB08422177A priority Critical patent/GB2166871A/en
Publication of GB8422177D0 publication Critical patent/GB8422177D0/en
Publication of GB2166871A publication Critical patent/GB2166871A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/103Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, colour, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes
    • A61B5/11Measuring movement of the entire body or parts thereof, e.g. head or hand tremor, mobility of a limb
    • A61B5/113Measuring movement of the entire body or parts thereof, e.g. head or hand tremor, mobility of a limb occurring during breathing

Abstract

A respiration monitor of particular use in detecting infant apnea comprises, in one embodiment, a flexible, substantially laminar pad comprising a plurality of strip-like elements 6 of piezoelectric material having a metallic coating on opposite faces, the elements being spaced apart from one another and held between electrically insulating layers. To give protection against the generation of spurious electrical signals, a screening arrangement comprising an envelope formed of electrically conductive material such as a metallised plastics is provided which encapsulates the piezoelectric strips and electrical connections 4,8 to their opposite faces. Foam layers 3 may be applied to both sides of the pad. Another embodiment of the monitor comprises a probe for attachment to the skin of a patient in which a strip of piezoelectric film is folded into a U-shaped configuration, and both limbs of the film are separated by and also held between layers of electrically insulating material. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Respiration monitor This invention relates to a respiration monitor in particular of the type used to detect cessation of breathing in infants (infant apnea). Several monitors for detecting respiration, heartbeat or changes in body shape have been described. Some, for example those described in U.K. patent specifications 2048485A and 1,261,357, operate pneumatically. Others involve the use of a capacitor transducer (for example as disclosed in U.K. patent specification No. 1,336,488).

Materials such as polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), when suitably treated, are known to exhibit piezoelectric properties. A thin film of such a material may be used to detect movements of the human body wall. By analysing the piezoelectric signals generated by the film, it is possible to determine heart rate, respiratory rate and other factors which are of value in the understanding of physiological processes.

The apparatus used to analyse the signals generated by respiration monitors can take various forms and do not of themselves constitute a part of the present invention.

According to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a respiration monitor which is in the form of a flexible, substantially laminar pad and which comprises a plurality of strip-like elements of a piezoelectric film having a metallic coating on both faces thereof, said elements being spaced apart from one another and held between two layers of an electrically insulating material; an electrical screening arrangement for preventing or reducing the generation of spurious electrical signals in said elements; and electrical conductors for conveying piezoelectric signals generated by said elements to the exterior of the respiration monitor. We have found that the use of a plurality of strips of piezoelectric film is particularly advantageious in that a high response to patient movement is achieved.

Advantageously the monitor includes at least one layer of a thin plastics foam material-e.g. PVC foam about 1 to 2mm in thickness. The piezoelectric elements are spaced from one another and can be arranged in a side-by-side configuration. Other arrangements may be adopted if desired. The elements can be sandwiched, at one end, between electrically conductive foils which are insulated from one another in the regions between the piezoelectric elements. Such foils provide electrical connections between the respective upper faces of the piezoelectric strips and the respective lower faces of the strips. A single electrical connection can thus be made to each of the foils in order to provide the electrical output from the monitor.

With a pad-type monitor, we have found it essential to provide electrical screening in order to prevent the generation of spurious electrical signals. These can arise due to static effects, e.g. when a charged surface is brought into proximity with the monitor, or due to radio frequency interference. Preferably the piezoelectric elements and associated electrically conductive parts of the monitor are enclosed in an envelope formed of an electrically conductive material-e.g. a metallised plastics envelope-which is electrically insulated from the piezoelectric elements and associated electrically conductive parts. Such a screening arrangement, is essentially an external screen.

Alternatively, but less preferably, screening can be incorporated into the monitor so as to be in physical contact (but not electrical contact) with the elements themselves.

Conveniently, the monitor can be fabricated to be rectangular in form, with sides of about 15cm by 25cm.

The piezoelectric elements and their associated parts are advantageously overlaid with a thin sheet of an electrically insulating material, e.g. a polyurethane film. Above this there is preferably a second layer of a foamed plastics material. The whole structure is advantageously housed in a bag or envelope formed, for example, of a plastics material such as PVC.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a respiration monitor which is in the form of a substantially laminar, flexible pad and which comprises a layerwise arrangement: (1) a first layer of foam; (2) a first transverse electrically conductive strip secured to said first layer of foam close to one edge thereof; (3) a plurality of strip-like longitudinal elements of a piezoelectric film each secured, at one of their ends, to said first electrically conductive strip and to said first layer of foam and spaced apart from one another; (4) segments of an electrically insulating tape or foil extending between adjacent elements of piezoelectric film so as to overlie said first electrically conductive strip and so as to overlap the edges of said elements of piezoelectric film (5) a second transverse electrically conductive strip positioned so as to overlie said segments of insulating foil or tape; (6) a first electrical connector attached to said first electrically conductive strip and disposed between said first strip and one of the segments of insulating foil or tape; (7) a second electrical connector positioned between one of said segments of electrically insulating foil or tape and said second electrically conductive strip and attached to said second electrically conductive strip; (8) a screening arrangement for preventing or reducing the generation of spurious electrical signals in said piezoelectric elements; (9) a second layer of foam; and (10) an envelope surrounding the other parts of the monitor, the arrangement being such that the two layers of foam hold between them integers (2) to (7) as set forth above; and said envelope having an outlet for an electrical cable the electrically conductive cores of which are attached to a respective one of said first and second electrical connectors. connectors.

Advantageously, the screening arrangement adopted in the monitor defined above includes an envelope which is electrically conducting or has a coating or layer which is electrically conducting. A suitable material is an envelope formed of an aluminised polyester material.

The strip-like elements of piezoelectric film are preferably polyvinylidene fluoride. The first and second transverse electrically conductive strips are preferably copper tape. The layers of foam are conveniently foamed polyvinylchloride. The outer envelope surrounding the operative elements of the monitor is conveniently a PVC bag.

According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a respiration monitor in the form of a probe for attachment to the skin of a patient, which monitor comprises a piezoelectric film having electrical connections on opposed surface portions thereof, said film being held between layers of electrically insulating material.

Advantageously, the piezoelectric film is folded over onto itself in the form of a "U" and is provided with a layer of insulating foam (e.g. foam PVC) in the space between the limbs of the "U".

The invention will be described further with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Figs. 1-6 illustrate the assembly of a preferred embodiment of the pad-type respiration monitor and Fig. 7 illustrates the probetype respiration monitor.

Referring now to Figs. 1 to 6 of the drawings, the monitor is in the form of a flexible pad comprising an outer bag or envelope formed of PVC (not shown). A cable 24 passes through the envelope at one corner thereof. The' elements within this envelope are built up layerwise as illustrated in the drawings. The lowest layer is a layer 3 of PVC foam. This is a flat, spongy layer of about 1.5 mm in thickness. A screening envelope formed of aluminised polyester (not shown) is secured above the foam layer 3 and contains the operative parts of the monitor. Before the screening envelope is sealed, the operative parts of the monitor are built up layerwise, as will now be described. A first transverse electrically conductive strip 4 is secured across the screening close to the top edge thereof and is in electrical contact with the metallised outer surface thereof.A first electrical connector 21 makes electrical contact with strip 4.

Four parallel strips 6 of piezoelectric polyvinylidene fluoride film about 10 microns in thickness are secured to the ends of elements 5 and to conductive strip 4 in the manner shown in Fig. 3. These strips, which are identical and may be in the range from 5 to 10mm in width, have metallised (e.g. aluminised) surfaces. The strips may be cut from commercially available piezoelectric PVDF sheets, e.g. those sold by Yarsley Research Laboratories. Segments 7 of an electrically insulating material (e.g. PVC or polyester film) are positioned over the gaps between adjacent strips 6 so as to overlap their edges and to cover those parts of transverse electrically conductive strip 4 between adjacent strips 6.

A second electrical connector 22 is adjacent to one of the segments 7, as shown in Fig.

4.

A second transverse electrically conductive strip 8 overlies the insulating segments 7 and the second electrical connector 22. As shown in Fig. 5, the second conductive strip 8 does not make direct electrical contact with the first strip 4. In the illustrated arrangement, strip 4 is maintained at screen potential, as is the lower face of each of the piezoelectric strips 6. Alternatively, the screen may be held at a suitable potential independently of the strip 4 end of the PVDF strips 6; for example the screen may be held at ground potential. The second conductive strip 8 makes electrical contact with the upper faces of each of the strips 6 and acts as a collector for the piezoelectric signals generated when the elements 6 are flexed. These signals are fed to the core of cable 24 via connector 22.When the active parts of the monitor have been assembled as described, the screening envelope is sealed. Next, an elastic (e.g. polyurethane) sheet 10 is rolled over the screening envelope and a second layer of PVC foam is then rolled over the resulting arrangement. Finally, the whole assembly is placed into a thin-walled PVC envelope.

An alternative construction to that described above is to place the screening envelope to the exterior of the two layers of foamed PVC; appropriate connections would then be made to allow the lower faces of piezoelectric strips 6 to be maintained at screen potential.

The third aspect of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to Fig. 7 of the accompanying drawings, which shows an exploded view of a respiration probe in accordance with the invention.

Referring now to Fig. 7, a strip of piezoelectric polyvinylidene fluoride film 44 having metallised faces is folded over onto itself and, positioned therebetween, is a flat, spongy layer 55 of PVC foam. The PVDF film is about 10 microns in thickness and the foam 55 is about 1 mum in thickness. The upper surface 99 of foam layer 55 carries transfer (adhesive) tape. One limb of the generally U-shaped element 44 has on opposite faces thereof pieces of copper tape 88 which hold the film in contact with the conductive elements of a co-axial cable 111. The piezoelectric element 44 is held between two layers 66 of polyurethane film each of which carries a transfer tape 77 on its inward facing surface. The dimensions of foam layer 55 should be such as to ensure that opposite limbs of piezoelectric element 44 do not make contact with one another.

The whole probe assembly is sealed in a suitable envelope, e.g. of PVC film.

Claims (6)

CLAIMS 1. A respiration monitor which is in the form of a flexible, substantially laminar pad and which comprises a plurality of strip-like elements of a piezoelectric film having a metallic coating on both faces thereof, said elements being spaced apart from one another and held between two layers of an electrically insulating material; an electrical screening arrangement for preventing or reducing the generation of spurious electrical signals in said elements; and electrical conductors for conveying piezoelectric signals generated by said elements to the exterior of the respiration monitor. 2. A respiration monitor which is in the form of a substantially laminar, flexible pad and which comprises in layerwise arrangement: (1) a first layer of foam; (2) a first transverse electrically conductive strip secured to said first layer of foam close to one edge thereof; (3) a plurality of strip-like longitudinal elements of a piezoelectric film each secured, at one of their ends, to said first electrically conductive strip and to said first layer of foam and spaced apart from one another; (4) segments of an electrically insulating tape or foil extending between adjacent elements of piezoelectric film so as to overlie the ends of said piezoelectric elements and said first electrically conductive strip and overlapping the edges of said elements of piezoelectric film; (5) a second transverse electrically conductive strip positioned so as to overlie said segments of insulating foil or tape; (6) a first electrical connector attached to said first electrically conductive strip and disposed between said first strip and one of the segments of insulating foil or tape; (7) a second electrical connector positioned between one of said segments of electrically insulating foil or tape and said second electrically conductive strip and attached to said second electrically conductive strip; (8) a screening arrangement for preventing or reducing the generation of spurious electrical signals in said piezoelectric elements (9) a second layer of foam; and (10) an envelope surrounding the other parts of the monitor, the arrangement being such that the two layers of foam hold between them integers (2) to (7) as set forth above; and said envelope having an outlet for an electrical cable the electrically conductive cores of which are attached to a respective one of said first and second electrical connectors. 3. A respiration monitor in the form of a probe for attachment to the skin of a patient, which monitor comprises a piezoelectric film having electrical connections on opposed surface portions thereof, said film being held between layers of electrically insulating material. CLAIMS Amendments to the claims have been filed, and have the following effect:~ (a) Claims 1 to 3 above have been deleted or textually amended. (b) New or textually amended claims have been filed as follows:~
1. A respiration monitor which is in the form of a flexible, substantially laminar pad and which comprises a piezoelectric film and electrical conductors for conveying piezoelectric signals to the exterior of the respiration monitor, characterized in that the piezoelectric film is in the form of a plurality of strip-like elements (6) of a piezoelectric film having a metallic coating on both faces thereof, said elements being spaced apart from one another and held between layers (3) of an electrically insulating material; and in that there is provided an electrical screening arrangement for preventing or reducing the generation of spurious electrical signals in said elements.
2. A respiration monitor which is in the form of a substantially laminar, flexible pad including a piezoelectric film, characterised in that the pad comprises in layerwise arrangement: (1) a first layer of foam (3); (2) a first transverse electrically conductive strip (4) secured to said first layer of foam (3) close to one edge thereof; (3) a plurality of strip-like longitudinal elements (6) of a piezoelectric film each secured, at one of their ends, to said first electrically conductive strip (4) and to said first layer of foam (3) and spaced apart from one another; (4) segments of an electrically insulating tape or foil (7) extending between adjacent elements (6) of piezoelectric film so as to overlie the ends of said piezoelectric elements and said first electrically conductive strip (4) and overlapping the edges of said elements (6) of piezoelectric film; (5) a second transverse electrically conductive strip (8) positioned so as to overlie said segments (7) of insulating foil or tape; (6) a first electrical connector (21) attached to said first electrically conductive strip (4) and disposed between said first strip and one of the segments (6) of insulating foil or tape; (7) a second electrical connector (22) positioned between one of said segments (7) of electrically insulating foil or tape and said second electrically conductive strip (8) and attached to said second electricity conductive strip; (8) a screening arrangement for preventing or reducing the generation of spurious electrical signals in said piezoelectric elements; (9) a second layer of foam; and (10) an envelope surrounding the other parts of the monitor, the arrangement being such that the two layers of foam hold between them integers (2) to (7) as set forth above; and said envelope having an outlet for an electrical cable (24) the electrically conductive cores of which are attached to a respective one of said first and second electrical connectors (21; 22).
3. A respiration monitor as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterised in that said screening arrangement is an envelope formed of an electrically conductive material in which the piezoelectric and electrically conductive parts of the monitor are encapsulated.
4. A respiration monitor as claimed in claim 3, characterised in that said envelope is a metallised plastics envelope.
5. A respiration monitor as claimed in claim 1, 2, 3 or 4, characterised in that all of the components constituting the monitor have smooth, substantially texture-free surfaces.
6. A respiration monitor in the form of a probe for attachment to the skin of a patient, which monitor comprises a piezoelectric film having electrical connections on opposed surface portions thereof, characterised in that said film is strip-like in form and folded into a U-shaped configuration (44), both limbs of the film being held between layers of electrically insulating material (55; 66).
GB08422177A 1984-09-03 1984-09-03 Respiration monitor Withdrawn GB2166871A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB08422177A GB2166871A (en) 1984-09-03 1984-09-03 Respiration monitor

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB08422177A GB2166871A (en) 1984-09-03 1984-09-03 Respiration monitor
DE19853531399 DE3531399A1 (en) 1984-09-03 1985-09-03 Respiratory kontrollgeraet

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8422177D0 GB8422177D0 (en) 1984-10-10
GB2166871A true GB2166871A (en) 1986-05-14

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GB08422177A Withdrawn GB2166871A (en) 1984-09-03 1984-09-03 Respiration monitor

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DE (1) DE3531399A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2166871A (en)

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2192460A (en) * 1986-07-08 1988-01-13 John Keith Millns Movement sensing apparatus
US6029665A (en) 1993-11-05 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Determination of patency of airway
US6029660A (en) 1996-12-12 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Substance delivery apparatus
US6091973A (en) 1995-04-11 2000-07-18 Resmed Limited Monitoring the occurrence of apneic and hypopneic arousals
US6152129A (en) 1996-08-14 2000-11-28 Resmed Limited Determination of leak and respiratory airflow
US6155986A (en) 1995-06-08 2000-12-05 Resmed Limited Monitoring of oro-nasal respiration
US6182657B1 (en) 1995-09-18 2001-02-06 Resmed Limited Pressure control in CPAP treatment or assisted respiration
US6193668B1 (en) * 1997-11-10 2001-02-27 Medacoustics, Inc. Acoustic sensor array for non-invasive detection of coronary artery disease
US6213119B1 (en) 1995-10-23 2001-04-10 Resmed Limited Inspiratory duration in CPAP or assisted respiration treatment
US6253764B1 (en) 1996-05-08 2001-07-03 Resmed, Ltd. Control of delivery pressure in CPAP treatment or assisted respiration
US6367474B1 (en) 1997-11-07 2002-04-09 Resmed Limited Administration of CPAP treatment pressure in presence of APNEA
US6371924B1 (en) 1998-11-09 2002-04-16 Medacoustics, Inc. Acoustic window identification
US6397841B1 (en) 1997-06-18 2002-06-04 Resmed Limited Apparatus for supplying breathable gas
US6478744B2 (en) 1996-12-18 2002-11-12 Sonomedica, Llc Method of using an acoustic coupling for determining a physiologic signal
US6532957B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2003-03-18 Resmed Limited Assisted ventilation to match patient respiratory need
US6547743B2 (en) * 1997-05-16 2003-04-15 Resmed Limited Respiratory-analysis systems
US6635021B1 (en) 1987-06-26 2003-10-21 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus useful in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea of a patient
US6984207B1 (en) * 1999-09-14 2006-01-10 Hoana Medical, Inc. Passive physiological monitoring (P2M) system
EP1745742A1 (en) * 2005-07-18 2007-01-24 Dymedix corporation Reuseable snore/air flow sensor
US7666151B2 (en) 2002-11-20 2010-02-23 Hoana Medical, Inc. Devices and methods for passive patient monitoring
US7689271B1 (en) 2003-06-26 2010-03-30 Hoana Medical, Inc. Non-invasive heart rate and respiration measurements from extremities
US7730886B2 (en) 1993-11-05 2010-06-08 Resmed Limited Determination of patency of the airway
US8032199B2 (en) * 2004-06-23 2011-10-04 Ditf Deutsche Institute Fur Textil-Und Faserforschung Garment with integrated sensor system
CN103622696A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-03-12 浙江大学 Hydraulic multiple-proportion exhalation-pressure measuring device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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DE3709533C2 (en) * 1986-03-27 1988-12-15 Frhr. Von Herwig Dr.-Ing. 1000 Berlin De Nettelhorst
US6375621B1 (en) 1987-03-06 2002-04-23 Ocean Laboratories, Inc. Passive apnea monitor
DE8908041U1 (en) * 1989-06-29 1989-08-17 Nettelhorst, Frhr. Von, Herwig, Dr.-Ing., 1000 Berlin, De
US5365937A (en) * 1992-09-09 1994-11-22 Mcg International, Inc. Disposable sensing device with contaneous conformance
DE4443520A1 (en) * 1994-12-07 1996-06-13 Abb Patent Gmbh Fault-current circuit breaker
US5827198A (en) * 1996-11-21 1998-10-27 Flowscan, Inc. Low-cost, disposable, polymer-based, differential output flexure sensor and method of fabricating same
US6261237B1 (en) 1998-08-20 2001-07-17 Medacoustics, Inc. Thin film piezoelectric polymer sensor
US6278890B1 (en) 1998-11-09 2001-08-21 Medacoustics, Inc. Non-invasive turbulent blood flow imaging system

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1354865A (en) * 1971-07-08 1974-06-05 Inst Francais Du Petrole Pressure wave piezoelectric sensor
GB1572425A (en) * 1976-02-29 1980-07-30 Mitsubishi Petrochemical Co Catheter head-type transducer
EP0020110A1 (en) * 1979-05-25 1980-12-10 William John Kaspari Non-invasive vascular wave-form transducer

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1354865A (en) * 1971-07-08 1974-06-05 Inst Francais Du Petrole Pressure wave piezoelectric sensor
GB1572425A (en) * 1976-02-29 1980-07-30 Mitsubishi Petrochemical Co Catheter head-type transducer
EP0020110A1 (en) * 1979-05-25 1980-12-10 William John Kaspari Non-invasive vascular wave-form transducer

Cited By (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2192460A (en) * 1986-07-08 1988-01-13 John Keith Millns Movement sensing apparatus
GB2192460B (en) * 1986-07-08 1990-08-01 John Keith Millns Respiratory movement sensing assemblies and apparatus
US6635021B1 (en) 1987-06-26 2003-10-21 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus useful in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea of a patient
US8752547B2 (en) 1993-11-05 2014-06-17 Resmed Limited Distinguishing between closed and open airway apneas and treating patients accordingly
US8360060B2 (en) 1993-11-05 2013-01-29 Resmed Limited Distinguishing between closed and open airway apneas and treating patients accordingly
US6138675A (en) 1993-11-05 2000-10-31 Resmed Ltd. Determination of the occurrence of an apnea
US8381722B2 (en) 1993-11-05 2013-02-26 Resmed Limited Distinguishing between closed and open airway apneas and treating patients accordingly
US6029665A (en) 1993-11-05 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Determination of patency of airway
US7730886B2 (en) 1993-11-05 2010-06-08 Resmed Limited Determination of patency of the airway
US6091973A (en) 1995-04-11 2000-07-18 Resmed Limited Monitoring the occurrence of apneic and hypopneic arousals
US6155986A (en) 1995-06-08 2000-12-05 Resmed Limited Monitoring of oro-nasal respiration
US6182657B1 (en) 1995-09-18 2001-02-06 Resmed Limited Pressure control in CPAP treatment or assisted respiration
US6526974B1 (en) 1995-09-18 2003-03-04 John William Ernest Brydon Pressure control in CPAP treatment or assisted respiration
US6213119B1 (en) 1995-10-23 2001-04-10 Resmed Limited Inspiratory duration in CPAP or assisted respiration treatment
US6253764B1 (en) 1996-05-08 2001-07-03 Resmed, Ltd. Control of delivery pressure in CPAP treatment or assisted respiration
US6152129A (en) 1996-08-14 2000-11-28 Resmed Limited Determination of leak and respiratory airflow
US6810876B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2004-11-02 Resmed Ltd. Assisted ventilation to match patient respiratory need
US8051853B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2011-11-08 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus for providing ventilatory assistance
US6532957B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2003-03-18 Resmed Limited Assisted ventilation to match patient respiratory need
US7644713B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2010-01-12 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus for determining instantaneous leak during ventilatory assistance
US8733351B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2014-05-27 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus for providing ventilatory assistance
US6688307B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2004-02-10 Resmed Limited Methods and apparatus for determining instantaneous elastic recoil and assistance pressure during ventilatory support
US9974911B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2018-05-22 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus for providing ventilatory assistance
US6029660A (en) 1996-12-12 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Substance delivery apparatus
US6478744B2 (en) 1996-12-18 2002-11-12 Sonomedica, Llc Method of using an acoustic coupling for determining a physiologic signal
US6547743B2 (en) * 1997-05-16 2003-04-15 Resmed Limited Respiratory-analysis systems
US6397841B1 (en) 1997-06-18 2002-06-04 Resmed Limited Apparatus for supplying breathable gas
US8684000B2 (en) 1997-11-07 2014-04-01 Resmed Limited Administration of CPAP treatment pressure in presence of apnea
US9526855B2 (en) 1997-11-07 2016-12-27 Resmed Limited Administration of CPAP treatment pressure in presence of apnea
US6367474B1 (en) 1997-11-07 2002-04-09 Resmed Limited Administration of CPAP treatment pressure in presence of APNEA
US6193668B1 (en) * 1997-11-10 2001-02-27 Medacoustics, Inc. Acoustic sensor array for non-invasive detection of coronary artery disease
US6478746B2 (en) 1998-11-09 2002-11-12 Medacoustics, Inc. Acoustic sensor array for non-invasive detection of coronary artery disease
US6371924B1 (en) 1998-11-09 2002-04-16 Medacoustics, Inc. Acoustic window identification
US6699201B2 (en) 1998-11-09 2004-03-02 Medacoustics, Inc. Acoustic window identification
US6984207B1 (en) * 1999-09-14 2006-01-10 Hoana Medical, Inc. Passive physiological monitoring (P2M) system
US7666151B2 (en) 2002-11-20 2010-02-23 Hoana Medical, Inc. Devices and methods for passive patient monitoring
US7689271B1 (en) 2003-06-26 2010-03-30 Hoana Medical, Inc. Non-invasive heart rate and respiration measurements from extremities
US8032199B2 (en) * 2004-06-23 2011-10-04 Ditf Deutsche Institute Fur Textil-Und Faserforschung Garment with integrated sensor system
EP1745742A1 (en) * 2005-07-18 2007-01-24 Dymedix corporation Reuseable snore/air flow sensor
CN103622696A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-03-12 浙江大学 Hydraulic multiple-proportion exhalation-pressure measuring device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE3531399A1 (en) 1986-03-13
GB8422177D0 (en) 1984-10-10

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WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)