GB2165157A - Cervical collar permitting tracheotomy - Google Patents

Cervical collar permitting tracheotomy Download PDF

Info

Publication number
GB2165157A
GB2165157A GB08518784A GB8518784A GB2165157A GB 2165157 A GB2165157 A GB 2165157A GB 08518784 A GB08518784 A GB 08518784A GB 8518784 A GB8518784 A GB 8518784A GB 2165157 A GB2165157 A GB 2165157A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
collar
half
opening
front half
front
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB08518784A
Other versions
GB8518784D0 (en
GB2165157B (en
Inventor
Anthony Calabrese
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Griener & Co Charles Inc
CHARLES GRIENER AND CO Inc
Original Assignee
GRIENER & CO CHARLES INC
CHARLES GRIENER AND CO Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US65612384A priority Critical
Application filed by GRIENER & CO CHARLES INC, CHARLES GRIENER AND CO Inc filed Critical GRIENER & CO CHARLES INC
Publication of GB8518784D0 publication Critical patent/GB8518784D0/en
Publication of GB2165157A publication Critical patent/GB2165157A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2165157B publication Critical patent/GB2165157B/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/05Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for immobilising
    • A61F5/055Cervical collars
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0465Tracheostomy tubes; Devices for performing a tracheostomy; Accessories therefor, e.g. masks, filters
    • A61M16/0472Devices for performing a tracheostomy

Abstract

A cervical collar having front 14 and rear 16 halves removably connected together provides for the possibility of a tracheotomy via an opening 24 in the front half so as to permit access to a person's trachea. The collar provides sufficient support so as to restrict the cervical region without hyperextension of the neck thereby avoiding further injury. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Cervical collar permitting tracheotomy Background of the Invention Cervical collars are well-known. See U.S. Patent 3,756,226 dated September4, 1973. The collar disclosed in said patent is comprised of body halves removably coupled together. At the center of the front half of the collar disclosed in said patent, there is provided a rigid reinforcing support member directly opposite a person's trachea. Hence, in the event that an emergency tracheotomy is called for, there is no way to have access to the trachea without removing the front half of the collar.

The present invention is directed to a solution of the problem of how to provide a cervical collar which provides sufficient support so as to restrict the cervical region of a patient at the scene of an accident without hyperextension of the neck and permits a tracheotomy without otherwise interfering with the provision of rigid reinforcing members on the collar halves.

Summary of the Invention The present invention is directed to a cervical collar which permits a tracheotomy. The cervical collar is comprised of first and second discrete body halves. Each body half is generally U-shaped and preformed from a soft flexible, light weight foam polymeric material. A strap means is provided for releasably interconnecting the free ends of the halves in overlapping relation. Each half has a rigid support member fixedly secured thereto adjacent the bight. The rigid support member on the front half is positioned so as to expose a hole at the bight of the front half for permitting a tracheotomy without interfering with the interconnection between the halves when worn by a patient.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel cervical collar which may be used with or without a stabilizer for providing any necessary support and while permitting a tracheotomy without removing the collar.

Other objects will appear hereinafter.

For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there is shown in the drawings a form which is presently preferred; it being understood, however, that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a person wearing a stabilized cervical collar in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the stabilized collar shown in Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 3-3 in Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a sectional view taken along the line 4-4 in Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 6 is an enlarged perspective view of the collar shown in Figure 1 without the stabilizer.

Detailed Description Referring to the drawing in detail, wherein like numerals indicate like elements, there is shown in Figure 1 a cervical collar designated generally as 10 which may be utilized with or without a stabilizer designated generally as 12. Collar 10 without the stabilizer is shown in Figure 6. The collar 10 is comprised of a front half 14 and a rear half 16. Each collar half is generally U-shaped and preformed from a soft, flexible, light-weight closed cell foam polymeric plastic material. The halves overlap one another as shown more clearly in Figures 2-4 and may have air holes 17 therethrough.

The front half 14 has a chin cavity 18 at the bight.

The chin cavity 18 is preferably covered with a material such as moleskin which is adhesively or otherwise secured to the cavity 18. The front half 14 is provided with a rigid reinforcing support member 20 at the bight. Member 20 has an opening 22 which surrounds a smaller diameter opening 24 in the front half at the bight thereof. Opening 24 has a preferred diameter of about one and one half inches (3.8 cm).

Opening 24 is positioned so as to be directly opposite the trachea when collar 10 is worn by a patient as shown in Figure 1.

The member 20 is secured to the front half 14 by a plurality of plastic rivets 26. As shown more clearly in Figure 4, the member 20 is arcuate so as to conform to the arcuate surface of the front half 14 adjacent its bight. As shown in Figures 2 and 4, along one side edge of the member 20, there is provided a slot through which extends one end portion of a strap 30. The strap 30 extends along the front half 14 to the free end thereof wherein the strap is stitched to the front half 14. On other side of the member 20, there is provided a similar slot 32 through which extends one end portion of a strap 34. The other end of the strap 34 is stitched to a free end of the front half 14.

As shown more clearly in Figure 4, at the bight of the rear half 16, there is provided a rigid reinforcing support member 36 attached thereto by a plastic rivet 40. A strap 38 is also attached to the rear half 16 by said rivet 40.

A strip 42 is attached to one end of the strap 38 and is adapted to overlie a portion of the strap 30 in the assembled relationship of the collar 10. A strip 44 is attached to the other end of strap 38 and is adapted to overlie a portion of strap 34 in the assembled position of the collar 10. The outer surface of straps 30,34 and the inner surface of the strips 42,44 have mating structure adapted for releasable engagement. Such mating structure may be of the type which is sold commercially under the trademark VELCRO.

The stabilizer 12 includes a front piece 46 adapted to overlie part of a persons's chest and a rear piece 48 adapted to overlie a person's back. The front piece and the rear piece are identical except as will be made clear hereinafter. Hence, only the front piece 46 will be described in detail. Corresponding prime numerals are provided on the rear piece 48.

The front piece 46 includes a substrate 50 of rigid materially having a generally T-shape. The substrate 50 is preferably made from a rigid polymeric plastic material such as ABS. A liner 52 is adhesively or otherwise secured to the curved innersurface of substrate 50. The liner 52 is preferably made from a closed cell of foam material such as polyethylene so as to have the following attributes: uniform thickness, non-toxic, low specific gravity of about .04, non-corrosive, and will not burn but will melt. The shape of liner 52 corresponds to the shape of substrate 50.

A connecting member 54 is fixedly connected to the center leg of substrate 50 in any convenient manner such as by plastic rivets 56. The connecting member 54 is preferably made from a softer or more flexible plastic material than the substrate 50 such as polyethylene.

Member 54 is arcuate at its lower end and channel-shaped at its upper end. Member 54 is telescoped over a downwardly extending extension member 58 on the member 20 until a tongue on member 60 snaps into a slot on member 58. Member 60 acts like a hinge and is integral at one end only with the member 54.

It is desirable to removably interconnect the front and rear pieces 46,48 to the halves of the collar 10 in a manner so that stabilizer 12 is not readily removable by the patient. In this regard, at least one and preferably two plastic rivets 62 are carried by member 54 by way of a flexible string. The rivets 62 are easily pushed and snapped into aligned holes on members 54 and 58. Each rivet preferably is provided with a head having flats on opposite sides thereof and split shanks. The rivets 62 are easily force-fit into the aligned holes by application of finger pressure. However, a tool such as a pair of pliers is needed to pull out the rivets. Rivets 62 are designed so that they cannot be removed by the patient and should only be removed when authorized by a physician.When the rivets 62 are removed, members 54 and 58 are easily separated by pulling on the member 60 so as to cause removal of its tongue from the slot in member 58. The channelshape at the upper end of member 54 assures that the tongue of member 60 will be aligned with the mating slot in member 58.

The rear piece 48 is identical with the front piece 46 except as follows. Corresponding elements are provided with corresponding primed numerals.

Member 54' is thinner and therefore more flexible than member 54. Greater rigidity is needed on the front piece 46 as compared with the rear piece 48.

The upper end of member 54 is removably con nected to the reinforcing support member 36 on the rear half 16 in the same manner as described above.

A strap 64 has one end fixedly secured to the substrate on the rear piece 48 by a plastic rivet 68.

The strap 64 extends through a plastic loop 66 on the front piece 46 and then overlies itself. Juxtaposed surfaces of the strap 64 are provided with adjustable fasteners which are preferably of the VELCRO type.

A strap 70 is similarly provided to interconnect the front and rear pieces 46,48 on the opposite side from strap 64. One end of strap 70 is fixedly secured to the substrate on the rear piece 48 by a plastic rivet 74. An intermediate portion of strap 70 extends through a plastic loop 72 on the front piece 46 and then overlies itself. Juxtaposed surfaces on strap 70 are provided with adjustable fasteners as described above.

The collar 10 may be worn by a patient when required due to a particular injury and with advice of a physician. If the particular injury requires increased stabilization of the collar 10, so as to prevent hyperextending the patient's neck, the stabilizer 12 is removably connected to the reinforcing members on the front half 14 and rear half 16. When no longer required, the stabilizer 12 may be removed while collar 10 remains on the patient. When an injury requires wearing of the collar 10 and requires a tracheotomy, the trachea is readily accessible through the opening 24. If the opening 24 is too small or is not aligned with the trachea, the foam of front half 14 may be readily cut at the scene of an accident and enlarged up to the size of the opening 22.The opening 24 facilitates a tracheotomy without removing the collar 10 and regardless of whether or or not the stabilizer 12 is removably attached to the collar 10.

Since patients come In different sizes, the collar 10 is preferably made in different sizes such as small, medium and large. All of the rivets described above and shown in drawings are preferably made from plastic whereby a patient may be X-rayed with the collar of the present invention mounted on the patient. There are no metal parts which will show up on X-rays and interfere with evaluation of the X-rays.

In Figure 5, there is illustrated a perspective view of a collar 10'. Collar 10' is identical with collar 10 except as will be made clear hereinafter. Hence, corresponding elements are identified by corresponding primed numerals.

Instead of a single reinforcing member 20 as described above, collar 10' has a pair of rigid reinforcing members 76 and 78 attached thereto by plastic rivets so as to be adjacent to and on opposite sides of the opening 24'. Members 76 and 78 have an upwardly and outwardly curved portion at their upper ends in the same manner as member 20. One end of strap 30' is attached to the front half 14' in the manner as described above while the other end is stitched to one end of a strap 80. Strap 80 is attached to member 76. In a similar manner, a strap corresponding to strap 34 is attached to one end of strap 82 which is attached to member 78. As illustrated, the collar 10' permits a tracheotomy without removing the collar from the patient but does not include extensions on the reinforcing members for receiving a stabilizer corresponding to stabilizer 12.

An advantage of the collar 10 is that it can facilitate a life-saving tracheotomy at the scene of an accident.

When additional support is needed, stabilizer 12 can be removably attached to the collar 10 at the scene of the accident or later at a hospital with removing collar 10. The bight on the front half of the collar has been sufficiently reinforced to provide the necessary support without interfering with the access hole needed for tracheotomy.

Thus, there is provided a versatile device for use in an emergency by a paramedic in the field. Collar 10 provides the required support in the cervical region and can be applied quickly without the necessity of any tools.

The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof and accordingly, reference should be made to the appended claims, rather than to the foregoing specification, as indicating the scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. A cervical collar characterized by first and second discrete body halves, one of said body halves being a front half 14 and the other being a rear half 16, each half being Ushaped and preformed from a soft, flexible, light-weight polymeric plastic material, a first rigid support means 20 secured to and located adjacent the bight of the front half 14, a second rigid support means 36 secured to and located adjacent the bight of the rear half 16, means 30, 34for removably interconnecting the free ends of the halves in overlapping relation, a stabilizer 12 for said collar 10, said stabilizer 12 including a front piece 46 adapted to overlie part of a person's chest and a rear piece 48 adapted to overlie part of a person's back, means for removably interconnecting said front piece 46 and said rear piece 48, means on the upper end of said stabilizer for releasably interconnecting the upper end of the front piece 46 with said first support means 20 and means on the upper end of the rear piece 48 for removably interconnecting the rear piece 48 with the second support means 36, and said front half 14 having an opening 24 there-th rough at the bight to facilitate cutting an opening into the trachea of a person wearing the collar.
2. A collar in accordance with claim 1 wherein said first rigid support means 20 has an opening 22 which circumscribes said first mentioned opening 24 extending through the front half 14 at its bight.
3. A collar in accordance with claim 2 wherein said first rigid support means 20 is connected at opposite sides to discrete straps forming part of said first mentioned strap means.
4. A collar in accordance with claim 1 wherein said opening 24 is a circle having a diameter about 1-1/2 inches and is easily enlarged by cutting said front half.
5. A cervical collar characterized by first and second discrete body halves, one of said body halves being a front half 14 and the other being a rear half 16, each half being U-shaped and preformed from a soft, flexible, light-weight polymeric plastic material, a first rigid support means 20 fixedly secured to and located adjacent the bight of the front half 14, asecond rigid support means 36 rigidly secured to and located adjacent the bight of the rear half 16, strap means 30, 34 extending between each of said rigid support means for removably intercon necting the free ends of the halves in overlapping relation, said front half 14 having an opening 22 therethrough at the bight to facilitate cutting an opening into the trachea of a person wearing the collar, and said first rigid support means 20 being a pair of members 76,78 attached to the front half at opposite sides of said opening 22.
6. A collar in accordance with claim 5 wherein said opening 22 is a circle having a diameter about 1-112 inches and is easily enlarged by cutting said front half.
7. A collar in accordance with claim 5 wherein said strap means 30,34 includes a pair of straps with each strap being secured to one of said support members on the front half 14.
8. A cervical collar according to claim 1, substantially as described with reference to Figures 1 to 4 and 6 of the accompanying drawings.
9. A cervical collar according to claim 1, substantially as described with reference to Figure 5 of the accompanying drawings.
GB08518784A 1984-09-28 1985-07-25 Cervical collar permitting tracheotomy Expired GB2165157B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US65612384A true 1984-09-28 1984-09-28

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8518784D0 GB8518784D0 (en) 1985-08-29
GB2165157A true GB2165157A (en) 1986-04-09
GB2165157B GB2165157B (en) 1988-06-15

Family

ID=24631730

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB08518784A Expired GB2165157B (en) 1984-09-28 1985-07-25 Cervical collar permitting tracheotomy

Country Status (5)

Country Link
JP (2) JPS6187547A (en)
CA (1) CA1237352A (en)
DE (1) DE3534191C2 (en)
GB (1) GB2165157B (en)
SE (1) SE463345B (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0317173A1 (en) * 1987-11-17 1989-05-24 Charles Greiner And Company, Inc. Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer
WO1992010151A1 (en) * 1990-12-07 1992-06-25 Garth Geoffrey C Extended wear cervical collar
US6726643B1 (en) 1994-02-22 2004-04-27 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
WO2006086368A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-17 Kanowitz, Arthur Complete airway stabilization system
EP2630937A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2013-08-28 Ossur HF Cervical collar having height and circumferential adjustment
US8679044B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2014-03-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar with reduced vascular obstruction
US9713546B2 (en) 2012-05-21 2017-07-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
US9814853B2 (en) 2005-02-07 2017-11-14 Securisyn Medical, Llc Airway stabilization system

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5520619A (en) 1993-05-20 1996-05-28 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5993403A (en) 1993-05-20 1999-11-30 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US6036664A (en) 1994-02-22 2000-03-14 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US5366438A (en) 1993-05-20 1994-11-22 Martin Sr Bill Cervical collar
US5593382A (en) 1994-09-29 1997-01-14 Rudy, Jr.; Ronald M. Extrication cervical collar with adjustable supports
DE69634273T2 (en) 1995-11-30 2005-12-22 Ambu International A/S Collapsible Cervicalstütze
JP2002045382A (en) * 2000-08-03 2002-02-12 Kunihiro Yamamoto Cervical vertebrae collar

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1063576A (en) * 1964-02-27 1967-03-30 Giovanni Zumaglini Orthopaedic apparatus for immobilizing and stretching the cervical column

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS421194Y1 (en) * 1964-08-08 1967-01-24
US3756226A (en) * 1971-12-07 1973-09-04 Greiner And Co C Cervical collar
US4413619A (en) * 1981-10-16 1983-11-08 Garth Geoffrey C Portable cervical collar
GB2126485B (en) * 1982-09-15 1986-04-03 Greiner Charles & Co Stabilizer for cervical collar

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1063576A (en) * 1964-02-27 1967-03-30 Giovanni Zumaglini Orthopaedic apparatus for immobilizing and stretching the cervical column

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
WO A1 83-01376 *

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0317173A1 (en) * 1987-11-17 1989-05-24 Charles Greiner And Company, Inc. Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer
US5054475A (en) * 1987-11-17 1991-10-08 Charles Greiner And Company, Inc. Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer
WO1992010151A1 (en) * 1990-12-07 1992-06-25 Garth Geoffrey C Extended wear cervical collar
US6726643B1 (en) 1994-02-22 2004-04-27 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
WO2006086368A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-17 Kanowitz, Arthur Complete airway stabilization system
US8001969B2 (en) 2005-02-07 2011-08-23 Securisyn Medical, Llc Complete airway stabilization system and method
US9814853B2 (en) 2005-02-07 2017-11-14 Securisyn Medical, Llc Airway stabilization system
US8679044B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2014-03-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar with reduced vascular obstruction
US8858481B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2014-10-14 Ossur Hf Cervical collar with reduced vascular obstruction
US8870800B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2014-10-28 össur hf Cervical collar
US9668906B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2017-06-06 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
EP2630937A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2013-08-28 Ossur HF Cervical collar having height and circumferential adjustment
US9713546B2 (en) 2012-05-21 2017-07-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA1237352A (en) 1988-05-31
JPH028417U (en) 1990-01-19
SE8504462D0 (en) 1985-09-26
SE8504462L (en) 1986-03-29
DE3534191A1 (en) 1986-04-03
DE3534191C2 (en) 1987-09-17
GB8518784D0 (en) 1985-08-29
GB2165157B (en) 1988-06-15
CA1237352A1 (en)
SE463345B (en) 1990-11-12
JPH036326Y2 (en) 1991-02-18
JPS6187547A (en) 1986-05-02

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Legal Events

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PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 19960725