GB2073022A - Clip stop for surgical clip applying device - Google Patents

Clip stop for surgical clip applying device Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2073022A
GB2073022A GB8018528A GB8018528A GB2073022A GB 2073022 A GB2073022 A GB 2073022A GB 8018528 A GB8018528 A GB 8018528A GB 8018528 A GB8018528 A GB 8018528A GB 2073022 A GB2073022 A GB 2073022A
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GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
clip
jaws
stop
surgical
instrument
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Granted
Application number
GB8018528A
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GB2073022B (en
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United States Surgical Corp
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United States Surgical Corp
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US05/843,063 priority Critical patent/US4152920A/en
Priority to US05/905,030 priority patent/US4242902A/en
Application filed by United States Surgical Corp filed Critical United States Surgical Corp
Publication of GB2073022A publication Critical patent/GB2073022A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2073022B publication Critical patent/GB2073022B/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/068Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps
    • A61B17/0682Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps for applying U-shaped staples or clamps, e.g. without a forming anvil

Abstract

For use in a system for applying surgical clips consisting of an instrument and disposable cartridge that together create a forceps with the cartridge being quickly detachable from the instrument to permit easy and fast replacement during a surgical procedure. The instrument has ring handles as a forceps and they operate to reciprocate a driver. The cartridge includes clinching jaws and a clip magazine with the jaws quick detachably connected to the instrument in a fixed manner whereas an actuator for the jaws is quick detachably fixed to the reciprocal driver of the instrument. A number of surgical clips can quickly and successively be supplied to the clinching jaws of the cartridge. The invention relates to the provision of a clip stop for preventing rearward movement or displacement of the clip, which clip stop comprises an elongated plate-like or arm member that, in a preferred embodiment, includes means defining a pair of projections and a concave intermediate portion that prevents the rearward movement or displacement of the clip and which serves to cause the elongated plate or arm to be moved upwardly and out of the way upon the actuation of the clip applicator. <IMAGE>

Description

1 GB 2 073 022 A 1

SPECIFICATION Clip stop for surgical clip applying device

The present invention relates to a clip stop for a surgical clamp or clip applying device.

Applicators for applying surgical clips or clamps 70 which utilize or include a cartridge are known in the art (see, for example, the Specification of U.S.

Patents Nos. 3,777,538; 3,232,089; and 2,968,041). The advantages of applicators of this type are enumerated at length in the Specifications of the three patents noted above. The prior art, however, does not suggest a system for applying surgical clips which incorporates a disposable cartridge detachably mounted on an instrument.

In our copencling patent application No. 40800/78 from which the present application is divided we claim a system for quickly and successively applying surgical clips or clamps which incorporates a disposable cartridge assembly which is quick detachably attached to the instrument without the necessity for special orientation; and, accordingly, a surgeon, during an operating procedure, may quickly detach a used cartridge, grasp another disposable cartridge and quickly detachably connect same to the instrument without fear of misplacement or jamming. Further, the system includes a means on the cartridge assembly whereby the surgeon, either when mounting a cartridge or actuating a cartridge, may grasp same without imposing any torque or torsion on the cartridge or instrument thereby facilitating insertion, as well as actuation, of the disposable cartridge. The quick detachable disposable cartridge is comprised of a clip carrying 100 housing which slides on a jaw blade and sleeve assembly thereby allowing the clip carrying housing to be retracted from the jaws of the disposable cartridge to enable placement of the jaws into small openings or spaces.

According to the present invention there is provided a clip stop adapted for use in a surgical device having closable opposed spaced-apart jaws for holding and crimping a surgical clip, said clip stop comprising a member having an abutment surface to prevent rearward movement of a clip positioned within said jaws and a means for moving said member from and out of the way of the jaws as the jaws are closed to crimp the surgical clip.

Another aspect of the invention provides a clip stop adapted for use in a surgical device having closable opposed spaced-apart jaws for holding and crimping a surgical clip, said clip stop comprising a member having a substantially planar abutment surface positioned in linear alignment with the spaced-apart jaws for preventing the clips from sliding in the jaws in the direction toward the clip stop after abutment therewith.

The invention will be further described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure 1 Its a view in top plan showing a system omprises a for applying surgical clips which c disposable cartridge detachably mounted on an instrument; Figure 1 a is a view in perspective of the sleeve and lens assembly which is mounted on the exterior of the cartridge housing and which is shown in phantom in Figures 1, 2 and 3; Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 showing the instrument with its ring handles closed together and the cartridge with its clinching jaws closed together; Figure 3 is a side view of the instrument and cartridge of Figure 1; Figure 4 is a view in section of Figure 3 taken along lines 4-4; Figure 5 is a view in section of Figure 3 taken along lines 5-5; Figure 6 is a view in top plan of the wrap or sleeve component of the disposable cartridge; Figure 6a is a view in section of Figure 6 taken along lines a-a; Figure 7 is a view in bottom plan of the sleeve illustrated in Figure 6; Figure 8 is a view in top plan of the jaw blade component of the disposable cartridge assembly; Figure 9 is an end view of the instrument; Figure 10 is a view in section of Figure 9 taken along line 10-10; Figure 11 is a view in plan of a ring handle component of the instrument; Figure 12 is an end view of the ring handle component illustrated in Figure 11 taken along line 12-12; Figure 13 is a view in section of Figure 10 taken along lines 13-13; Figure 14 is a view in horizontal section through the mid-plane of the instrument illustrating the detachable mounting of the disposable cartridge with the instrument; Figure 14a is a view in section of Figure 14 taken along line a-a; Figure 15 is a view similar to Figure 14 showing the action when the ring handles have been closed together; Figure 15a is a view in section of Figure 15 110 taken along line a-a.

Figure 16 is a view similar to Figures 14 and 15 illustrating detachment of the disposable cartridge from the instrument; Figure 1 6a is a view of Figure 16 taken along line a--a; Figure 17 is an exploded view in perspective showing the interrelationship between the ring handles and the actuator rod of the instrument and the jaw blade and the sleeve of the disposable 120 cartridge; Figure 18 is a side view partly in section illustrating t1he end of a jaw blade; Figure 19 is a view in section of Figure 18 taken aiong iine 19-19; Figure 20 Is a view in section of Figure 19 taken along line 20--20; Figure 21 is a side view of a novel surgical clip according to the present invention; Figure 22 is view in.-3ction of Figure 21 taken 2 GB 2 073 022 A 2 along line 22-22; Figure 23 is a side view of the novel surgical clip showing the same in a clinched or clamped state; Figure 24 is a view in top plan of the cartridge 70 housing; Figure 25 is a view in end elevation of the cartridge housing looking into the nose of the cartridge; Figure 26 is a view in section of Figure 24 taken along line 26-26; Figure 27 is a view in section of Figure 24 taken along lines 27-27:

Figure 28 is a view in section of Figure 24 taken along lines 28-28; Figure 29 is a view in section of Figure 28 taken along lines 29-29:

Figure 30 is a view in side elevation of a cartridge assembly partly broken away showing the clip magazine and advancing mechanism; Figure 31 is a view section of Figure 30 taken along line 31-31; Figure 32 is a view similar to Figure 30 showing the anvil depressed; Figure 33 is a view in vertical section taken 90 along the longitudinal mid-line of the cartridge assembly showing a clip in position on the anvil ready to be picked up by the jaws; Figure 34 is a view in section of Figure 33 taken along line 34-34; Figure 35 is a view in perspective of the anvil; Figure 36 is a view in top plan of the actuator arm; Figure 37 is a view in elevation of the cartridge assembly of Figure 33 looking into the back end; 100 Figure 38 is a view in section similar to Figure 33 showing the condition of the cartridge when a staple has just been picked up by the jaws and the anvil has started to move downwardly; Figure 39 is a longitudinally sectional view 105 similar to Figure 34 showing the condition illustrated in Figure 38; Figure 40 is a view in section of Figure 38 taken along line 40-40; Figure 41 is a section in view of Figure 38 taken along line 41-41; Figure 42 is a section in view similar to Figure 38 showing the condition of a cartridge shortly after a clip has been picked up by the jaws and the cartridge housing assembly has been slightly 115 retracted., Figure 43a is a detail in top plan of the clip retainer spring; Figure 43b is a detail in side view of the clip retainer spring; Figure 44 is a view in section similar to Figure 38 showing the cartridge housing assembly having been retracted to the point where the jaws are ready to emerge; Figure 45 is a sectional view similar to Figure 125 38 showing the jaws fully emerged from the retracted cartridge housing assembly; Figure 46 is a sectional view similar to Figure 39 illustrating the clinching of a clip; Figure 47 is a top plan view of the jaw blade and jaws in combination with the unique clip stop of the present invention; Figure 48 is a longitudinal section taken along lines 47-47 of Figure 47; Figure 49 is a front end view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 47; Figure 50 is a view similar to Figure 49 with the jaws in the closed position and the clip stop cammed to a raised position; Figure 51 is a perspective view of the embodiment shown in Figure 47 with the jaw blade being mounted within the sleeve or wrap; Figure 52A, 53A and 54A are side elevational views illustrating further apparatus embodiments of the novel clip stop of the invention; Figure 52B is a top plan view of the embodiment shown in Figure 52A; Figure 53B is a view in section taken along lines 53B-53B of Figure 53A, and Figure 54B is a view in section taken along lines 54B-54B of Figure 54A.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, Figures 1-5 show the preferred embodiment of the inventive system for applying surgical clamps or clips, which system is comprised of an instrument and a detachably mounted disposable cartridge 12. The instrument 10 is illustrated in detail in Figures 9-17 and consists of a body or housing 20 of generally trapezoidal shape having a rearward projection 22 extending from its longer base. The housing 20 defines a central throughbore 24 which extends also through projection 22. An actuator rod 26 is sliclably received in bore 24 and consists of a cylindrical piece bifurcated at one end 26a by slot 28 to form legs 28a and 28b each having a hole 30 defined near its free end and having a bevel 32 on its inner surface at its free end. The main portion of the cylindrical piece defines a throughbore 34 rectangular in cross section that extends from the bottom of slot 28 axially along the actuator rod 26. Near its other end 26b, the rod 26 is cut out on opposed sides to define flats 36 and 38 and at its other end 26b to define flats 40 and 42. The terminal part of the other end 26b is beveled at 44 on opposite sides, 901 displaced from flats 40 and 42. A flange 46. separates flats 36 and 40 on one side, and flats 38 and 42 on the other side.

A pair of slots 50 is defined on each side toward the rear of the housing 20 and accommodates and receives the ends of a pair of ring handles 52, each comprised of a finger ring 54, a shank 56 and an actuating [ever 58 joined at right angles to the shank 56. A hole 60 is defined at the junction 61 between the shank 56 and the actuating [ever portion 58. The actuating lever 58 carries a boss 62 which projects from the edge of the lever 58 remote from the shank 56. The free end of the [ever 58 is cut out at shoulder 59 and defines a slightly bulbous tongue 64 beveled at its terminal edge 66. Tongue 64 extends from one surface of the lever 58 with the cutout part being taken from the opposite surface. The hole 60 defined at the juncture 61 of the [ever 58 and shank 56 receives a pivot pin 70 set into the 3 GB 2 073 022 A 3 housing 20, and, in this fashion, each ring handle 52 is pivotally connected to the housing 20. When so pivotally connected, the tongue 64 of one ring handle 52 is received on flat 36 of the actuator rod 26, and the tongue 64 of the other ring handle 52 is received on flat 38, each bearing against a shoulder defined by the actuator rod between the respective flat 36 or 38 and the bifurcated end 26a of the rod 26. Because tongue 64 extends from one surface of the lever 58, the two ring handles 52 are complementary and interchangeable. When the ring handles 52 are pivotally mounted in the housing 20 by means of pivot pins 70, compression springs 72 are received at one end around the bosses 62, which 80 serve as spring sockets, with their other ends bearing against an interior wall of the housing 20.

Hence, upon actuation of the ring handles 52 by drawing them together, they will pivot about the pins 70, and the bell crank action of lever 58 will 85 cause the actuator rod 26 to be advaced out of the throughbore 24 and the housing 20. This action is illustrated in Figures 2, 15 and 1 5a.

Projection 22, at the rear of the housing 20, is formed with an internal wall section 80 that 90 defines a restriction 81 of the throughbore 24.

Wall section 80 acts as a stop for the actuator rod 26. The end of projection 22 is closed by an end cap 82 which has an attached skirt that is received snugly within projection 22. End cap 82 defines an 95 opening 84 through which passes stud 86 of release plunger 90, A button 88 is formed on the exposed end of stud 86, and within the projection 22 an enlarged ring 92 is formed on stud 86 spaced a short distance from its inner end 94. The 100 diameter or profile of end 94 is slightly less than that of the opening 81 provided in wall section 80 so that, upon depressing the release plunger 90, the end 94 may project into the wall section 80, as illustrated in Figures 16 and 1 6a. The end 94 of 105 the release plunger 90 is provided with a recess 96 having a flared entrance 98 (see Figures 14 and 1 4a). A wear ring 100, having an opening 102 matching opening 81 and accom modating end 94 of release plunger 90, is received within 110 the interior of the projection 22 in an abutting relationship with the wall section 80.

The quick detachable disposable cartridge is comprised of a jaw blade 110 shown in Figure 8, a sleeve 112 shown in Figures 6, 6a and 7, and a 115 cartridge housing assembly generally indicated by the reference numeral 114 and shown in Figures 1, 2, 3,18,19 and 20. The jaw blade 110 is fabricated with a pair of opposing jaws 116 at one end by means of slot 118 defining legs 117 and 120 119. The jaws 116 are bent out of the plane of the jaw blade 110 and indicated at 120 defining an angle of approximately 1651.

A pair of longitudinally extending flanges 122 project from the edges of each jaw 116. The 125 flanges 122 flare outwardly, and the bottom of slot 126 defines a V-shaped groove 130 in its center (see Figure 20). The slot 126 extends from the tip of the jaw 116 rearwardly and opens into a transverse rectangularly-shaped cutout 132, best130 shown in Figure 19. The jaw blade 110 is also bifurcated at its other end by means of slot 134 to form legs 136 and 138. The end of each leg is provided with an inclined outer edge 140, which terminates at a recess 142. The legs 136 and 138 have resiliency and can flex towards each other from the reposed position shown in Figure 8.

Adjacent the other end of the jaw blade 110 are recta ng u larly-shaped slots 144 and 146, longitudinally displaced from one another. Toward the first end of the jaw blade 110, a tab 148 is punched and bent out of the plane of the jaw blade 110 to define an index actuator stop.

The sleeve or wrap 112 of the cartridge assembly is comprised of an elongated wrap that is formed from flat stock into a box 150 with the edges 152 and 154 left spaced apart to define a slot 156. A pair of ears 158 and 159 is formed on opposite sides of the box 150 near one end as shown in Figures 4, 5 and 6. Near its opposite end, the sleeve 112 is formed with a tab 160 that is pushed into the plane of slot 156. Tab 160 serves as a stroke stop. Also, a projection 162 projects from sleeve 112 from the side opposite slot 15 6, and projection 162 serves as a cartridge stop. A rectangular cutout 164 with a cantilevered elongated spring detent 166 extending longitudinally from one end of cutout 164 is formed near the opposite end of sleeve 112. The free end 167 of the spring detent 166 lies spaced from the other end of cutout 164, and spring detent 16 6 is formed with a detent 170 that projects out of the plane of sleeve 112 in the same sense as projection 162. The free end 167 is bent into the plane of slot 144. A depending beveled tab 171 is located on the bottom wall of box 150.

The jaw blade 110 and sleeve or wrap 112 are assembled together for relative sliding motion. When assembled, the jaw blade 110 fits within the box structure of the sleeve or wrap 112, as shown in Figures 4 and 5. The spring detent 166 of wrap 112 lies within the rectangular slot 144 of jaw blade 110 as best shown in Figures 14 and 15. Tab 160 is received within the rectangular cutout 146 and coacts therewith to establish a stroke stop by contacting the end 147 of slot 146 that is proximal to jaws 116. The legs 117 and 119 of the jaw blade 110 are formed with inclined edges or surfaces 172 and 174 which coact with the end 17 6 of wrap or sleeve 112. When sleeve 112 is advanced relative to jaw blade 110, by being moved in the direction of the jaws 116, the edge of end 176 engages the inclined surfaces 172 and 174 of jaw blade 110 forcing the jaws 116 to close together. This action is illustrated in Figure 2.

The insertion of jaw blade 110, assembled with the wrap or sleeve 112, into the instrument is best illustrated in Figures 14, 15, 16 and 17. The jaw blade 110 is inserted into the instrument 10 by introducing legs 136 and 138 into the throughbore 34 at the bottom of slot 28 u-ntil they pass completely therethrough and project out from the other end, as shown in dotted lines. The inclined surfaces 140 at the extreme ends of legs 4 GB 2 073 022 A 4 136 and 138 contact wall section 80 and wear ring 100, and are flexed inwardly to pass therethrough, and blade 110 comes to rest with the wall section 80 and wear ring 100 received in the slots 142, thereby positively locking the jaw blade 110 into the instrument 10. When the extreme ends of the legs 136 and 138 are forced through the restrictions defined by the wall section 80 and wear ring 100, they are initially flexed or carnmed inwardly by the inclined surfaces 140 and thereafter snap outwardly when the restrictions align with the grooves or slots 142. This action is best illustrated in Figure 14. In this state, the tips of the inclined surfaces 140 at the ends of the legs 136 and 138 are received in the flared portion 98 of the recess 96 formed in the release plunger 90. During insertion, detent 170 is brought into engagement with and is received in one of the holes 30, depending upon the orientation of the jaw blade 110 and assembled wrap or sleeve 112. It will be noted, however, that regardless of the orientation, whether up or down, the detent 170 will be received in one of the holes 30. Therefore, it is not necessary for a surgeon inserting the jaw blade 110 into the instrument to take special precautions to be sure that the jaw blade 110 is in particular orientation with respect to the instrument; he or she may freely insert the jaw blade 110 in either of the two possible orientations.

With the detent 170 received in a hole 30 as illustrated in Figure 14a, the instrument is actuated by closing the handles 52 together in the manner demonstrated in Figure 2. The closing of 100 the handles causes the levers 58, due to the bell crank action, to advance the actuator rod 26 out of the instrument in the direction of the arrow 180 in Figure 15. It will be noted that the jaw blade 110 is stationary relative to the instrument, and 105 the advancement of the actuator rod 26 only carries with it the wrap or sleeve 112. Tab 160 coacts with end 147 of slot 146 of the jaw blade 110 to serve as a stroke stop and allow the sleeve 112 to slide relative to the jaw blade 110 only a predetermined amount. During advancement, the forward edge of the sleeve 112 contacts the inclined surfaces 172 and 174 of legs 117 and 119 to cam jaws 116 to a closed position as illustrated in Figure 2. The condition of 115 the apparatus at this time is as illustrated in Figures 15 and 1 5a.

It is, of course, understood that a cartridge housing assembly 114 is slidably mounted or carried on the jaw blade 110 and assembled sleeve 112. The action of the cartridge housing assembly 114 and its structure will be described in detail hereinafter, but, for purposes of the description at this point, it may be assumed that the cartridge housing assembly 114 is simply carried on the jaw blade 110 and 112 and is free to slide from a position where it contacts projection 162 on sleeve 112 and to where it contacts ears 158 and 159 on sleeve 112.

When a disposable cartridge has been fully used or consumed, it is ejected from the instrument by the following action. The ejection plunger 90 is depressed or pushed inwardly toward the projection 22. This causes the flared portion 98 of recess 96 to ride up the inclined surfaces 140 at the end of legs 136 and 138 of the jaw blade 110 and to cam the legstogether and release slots 142 from engagement with the restricted openings defined by the wall section 80 and wear ring 100. The cartridge may then be simply withdrawn from the throughbore 34 and discarded.

The sliding motion of the sleeve 112 relative to the jaw blade 110 in the opposite sense is motivated by the springs 72 and resiliency of legs 117 and 119, and is controlled by the fact that the free end 167 of the spring detent 166 is bent up into the plane of the jaw blade 110 and is received within the rectangular slot 144. End 145 of the slot 144 coacts with the free end 167 of the spring detent 166 to stop further relative sliding motion between the jaw blade 110 and the sleeve 112 in this sense.

A novel clip or clamp as used in the present invention is illustrated in Figures 21 and 22 and consists of a small wire 200 rectangular in cross section with rounded corners bent into a substantial V-shape having an apex bend 202, straight extending inner legs 204 and outer legs 206, which are integrally formed with legs 204. A slight bend 208 defines an angle between the leg sections 204 and 206 of from about 1601 to about 1751. The inner surface 210 of the clip 200 is provided with a plurality of V-shaped grooves 212 which are cut or pressed transversely of the surface 210. A clinched clip or clamp is shown in Figure 23, and it will be noted that, when clinched, a space 214 is defined between the leg portions 204 and 206 which space tapers gradually, terminating at the point that the two ends 216 of the clip are contacted. The apex bend 202 is transformed during clinching into a U- bend 202a. The bends 208 act to assist in the formation of the defined space 214. The geometry of this space is especially designed and arranged to accommodate, in the best mode possible, those hollow vessels which are required to be clamped off by the apparatus of the present invention. The clip is made of a malleable inert surgical implant material such as 316 stainless steel or tantalum. The actual shape of the closed clip will vary according to the amount of tissue enclosed by the clip. When the amount of tissue is small, the legs '104 and 206 become parallel and almost touching.

The remainder of the cartridge assembly will now be described. As already noted, a cartridge housing assembly 114 is received on the jaw blade 110 and sleeve or wrap 112 assembly, and is slidably arranged relative thereto. The assembly 114 contains a stack of clips or clamps and is arranged to coact with the jaw blade 110 and jaws 116, when properly manipulated, to present its stack of clips one at a time to the jaws 116.

The cartridge housing is shown in detail in Figures GB 2 073 022 A 5 24 through 29 and is comprised of a box-like structure formed from a pair of complementary body halves 260, one of which is shown in Figures 28 and 29. Each body half 260 is made of suitable plastic material or the like and is elongated in configuration having a nose portion 262 at one end, the exterior of which is rounded as appears in Figures 25 and 26. The portion of the body half 260 from the nose portion 262 to its other end is generally right angled in configuration so that the two body halves 260 when placed together create a box-like structure comprised of a top wall structure (to be described hereinafter), sidewalls 270 and a bottom wall structure composed of sloping walls 278 which join at a lower apex line 279. A generally rectangular inner space 264 is defined in the upper portion of the housing above longitudinally extending ribs 266. Within the box like structure, ribs 268 define in combination with the ribs 266 and bottom walls 278 an interior space 280 geometrically designed to receive a stack of clips 282 as shown in Figure 33. The edges of the ribs 268 are spaced apart, whereas the edges of the ribs 266 abut. One of the body halves 260 is formed with projections 284, 286 and 288, and the other body half 260 is formed with mating recesses, the projections and recesses coacting for alignment of the two body halves 260 during the fabrication of the cartridge housing. Each body half 260 further is provided with a longitudinally extending recess 290 formed in the interior of sidewall 270 which defines a shoulder 292 at the end of the recess or slot 290 distal to the nose portion 262. A further right angled recess or slot 294 is defined in the nose portion 262 which extends vertically from floor to roof of the nose portion 262 and thence longitudinally to the rear. Recess 296 is molded into the forward part of nose portion 262 and is surrounded by a reinforced ring 298. The forward part of nose portion 262 is open as shown. The ribs 266 terminate at their ends proximal to the nose portion 262 at an angle to the transverse plane of the body housing so that the pair of ribs 266 defines a V as illustrated in Figure 24 and as 1 referenced by the numeral 300 to allow clips to pass. Ribs 268 also terminate in the nose portion 262 at an angle 301 but have rectangular portions 303 adjacent the sidewalls. Reinforcing ribs 302, 304 and 306 extend transversely spaced 115 longitudinally and coact to guide the sleeve or wrap 112. The ribs 302 and 304 are profiled at the top of their abutting ends to a V-shape as indicated by the reference numeral 308, and ribs 302 are cut out at the bottom of their abutting ends to define an opening 310. Also, the ribs 302 are cut out, as indicated by the reference numeral 312, to reduce their longitudinal extension in the plane of cutout 310. The ribs 304 are also cut out at their lower ends to reduce their longitudinal extensions and to establish a recess 314. The bottom wall 278 of body half 260 is cut out as indicated by reference numeral 316. Abutting cutout 316 is a rib 318 which extends normal to rib 268. Top wall 274 extends from nose portion130 262 rearwardly and defines cutout or slot 275. Above the top wall 274 and parallel to it is a wall 320 which extends longitudinally from just forward of rib 304 to about halfway between ribs 304 and 306. At the end of wall 320, distal from the nose portion 262 is a tab 322 that is above the wall section 320 and extends transversely of the cartridge housing. Tabs 322 abut, but walls 320 are spaced apart. The end of body half 260 opposite the nose portion 262 is provided with an upstanding flange 324 which defines a step 326.

The rears of top wall 274 and sidewalls 270 are connected to rounded terminal portion 330 by a transition 328.

When the two body halves 260 are assembled, the top walls 274 abut at each end of the body housing, the tabs 322 abut, and the upper walls and lower walls of the nose portion 262 abut, leaving a front opening 263.

The parts incorporated within the body housing of the assembly 114 include a compression spring 340, an actuator arm 342, a clip pusher 344, a spring 346 for the clip pusher, an anvil 348, a retainer spring 350 and a socket plate 342.

The anvil 348 is illustrated in Figure 35 and is comprised of a block-like member thinner at its forward end to define an upper inclined surface 440, a pair of pivot projections 442 on either side of the thin end, a V-shaped shoulder 444 defined at its rear narrowed end 448, a pair of side ramps 446 which flank the reduced rear section 448 and a lower rear tab 450. The shoulder 444 is limited by a vertical Vwall 445 which joins an inclined V wall 447 leading to the edge of top surface 440.

In addition, a pair of vertical side plates 452 are attached on opposite sides of the anvil 348 adjacent the ramps 446. The anvil is inserted into the cartridge housing with the pivot projections 442 received in the recess 296 and side plates 452 received in recesses 294.

The actuator arm 342 is a plate in the shape of a Twith the ends of the crossbar 364 cut out at 366 to fit and coact with the upper ends of the plates 452 of anvil 348 in the manner illustrated in Figure 36 and shown in Figure 33. A tab 368 depends from the free end of the main bar of the actuator arm 342. The actuator arm 342 is positioned in the body housingwith the ends of the crossbar received in recesses 294, the cutouts 366 receiving the upper ends of plates 452, and the main bar of the actuator arm overlying top wall 274 and underlying wall section 320. Depending tab 368 extends vertically into space 264 and aligns with index tab 148 of jaw blade 110. Tab 368 is biased by spring 340 which also bears on the rear end of slot 275. Tabs 322 hold spring 340 in place.

The retaining spring 350 is shown in Figures 43a and 43b and is comprised of a profiled leaf spring having a pair of slots 480 spaced from wide end 482. Beyond slots 480, the width is reduced at 484 to point 485 beyond which spring 350 flares at edges 486 terminating in a V-edge or end-forming ears 488 which end is bent downwardly along line 490. A tab 492 depends 6 GB 2 073 022 A 6 downwardly at the bend line 490 normal to the plane of end 488. Spring 350 is inserted into the box-like housing with end 482 received in recess 314, slots 480 coacting with ribs 302, recess 312 and cutout 310 to hold down spring 350, and the V-shaped end (ears 488) engaging surfaces 447 and 445 to overlie a clip 600 on shoulder 444. Tab 492 just clears shoulder 444 and also acts to hold the clip thereon (see Figure 33).

The clips are stacked one behind the other in tight order and ride on ribs 268. Clip pusher 344 is illustrated in Figures 33, 38, 40 and 41 and is comprised of a plate 500 presenting a V- edge 502 complementary to a clip 600, a boss 504 formed on the lower rear edge of the plate 500 and a rod 506 extending from boss 504. Clip pusher 344 fits into space 280 of the housing with plate 500 riding on ribs 268, boss 504 fitting into the space between ribs 268 and rod 506 extending between ribs 268 and guiding biasing spring 346. The other end of spring 346 bears against a socket plate 352 that is inserted into the housing in cutouts 316 and is held by ribs 318.

The cartridge housing assembly coacts with the jaw blade 110 and wrap 112 assembly as follows. 90 The blade 110 and wrap 112 assembly pass through space 264 of the cartridge housing assembly 114 which is constrained thereon in one sense by projection 162 on wrap 112 and in the other sense by ears 158 and 159 on wrap 112 95 and shoulder 292 in recess 290.

The original condition of the disposable cartridge is illustrated in Figure 30. In the several views showing the interrelationship of the cartridge housing assembly 114 and the jaw blade 100 and wrap 112 assembly, the jaw blade-wrap assembly is shown in phantom. In Figure 30, the cartridge housing assembly is retracted toward the instrument 10 in relation to the jaw blade- wrap assembly, and thus the jaws 116 are projected out from the nose portion with the wrap 112 contacting the upper rear edge of the inclined surface 440 and the narrowed rear section 448. Thus, the anvil 348 is pivoted slightly downwardly, but no clip is located on shoulder 444.

When the disposable cartridge is brought to the staple loading position, the cartridge housing assembly 114 is advanced along the jaw blade wrap assembly until the jaws 116 are brought 115 within the nose portion to the position as illustrated in Figures 33 and 34. At this time, however, there is no clip 600 resting on shoulder 444. Otherwise, the relationship of the parts is as shown in Figures 33 and 34, and tab 148 on jaw 120 blade 110 is contacted against depending tab 368 of the actuation arm 342.

To load a clip on shoulder 444, the cartridge housing assembly 114 is advanced slightly over the jaw blade-wrap assembly, and this causes the 125 anvil 348 to be pivoted downwardly to the position illustrated in Figure 32 whereat the shoulder 444 aligns with the clip stack and receives the leading clip due to the bias afforded by the clip pusher spring 346. The downward 130 pivot of the anvil 348 is caused by tab 148 preventing actuation arm 342 from following the advancement of the cartridge housing assembly during this slight further advancing movement.

Upon release or relief of the cartridge housing assembly, spring 340, which has been biased during the downward pivot of 348, will return or restore the cartridge housing assembly to its relative position with respect to jaws 116 as illustrated in Figures 33 and 34. At this time, however, a clip 600 is sitting on shoulder 444 with the clip legs 204 and 206 angled slightly downwardly due to the profile of shoulder 444. This position of clip 600 aligns with the downward angle of jaws 116, and the clip is ready to be picked up by the jaws 116 whenever the cartridge housing assembly is next retracted. Also, clip spring retainer 350 will overlie the clip 600 holding it on shoulder 444.

The pickup of a clip 600 occurs by further retracting the cartridge housing assembly along the jaw blade-wrap assembly. During pickup, the clip 600 is compressed somewhat into an open U-shape form from its original V-shape as illustrated in Figure 39. A comparison of Figures 39 and 41 will show the extent of working of the clip 600 by jaws 116 and anvil portion 448. As the clip 600 is being picked up by the jaws 116, the legs of the clip are received in slots 126, and immediately thereafter the ends of jaws 116 strike ramps 446 pivoting anvil 348 downwardly and forcing actuator arm 342 to compress spring 340 through the bellcrank levering of side plates 452.

This action lowers the anvil 348 away from the now entrapped clip so that the clip can clear the end of narrowed section 448 and be taken away from the influence of the retaining spring 350.

This action is illustrated in Figures 38 and 39 from which one sees that the anvil 348 has been lowered by the jaws 116. This action, of course, takes place during retraction of the cartridge housing assembly.

Continued retraction of the cartridge housing assembly produces the condition as shown in Figure 42. The jaws 116 are now contacting the upper inclined surface 440 to hold the anvil 348 down out of the way as the cartridge housing assembly is being further retracted. Eventually, the jaws 116 begin to clear through the opening 263 in the nose portion, and, at this time, the bevel 171 formed on the underside of wrap 112 - contacts the rear edge of the narrowed end 448 to move anvil 348 down while the jaws 116 clear through the opening 263 and emerge totally frorp the cartridge housing assembly. The jaws 116 are open, but holding a clip ready to be clinched. The cleared jaws 116 are shown in Figure 45, and the clinching action already described is shown in Figure 46. For maximum visibility and access to the surgical field, the cartridge housing 114 is moved to its retracted most position adjacent to instrument 10. Following clinching, the disposable cartridge is once again in the condition as shown in Figure 30. The procedure is repeated as long as clips remain in magazine.

7 A barrel sleeve 700 having an axially extending lens 702 is shown in Figure 1 a. Barrel sleeve 700 fits around and is freely rotatably mounted on the cartridge housing and bears at its forward end against nose portion 262 and at its rear end on 70 step 326 of flange 324. The end portion 330 of the cartridge housing is rounded to accommodate the barrel sleeve 700. Thus, when handling the cartridge housing assembly 114, a surgeon will not impose any torsion or torque due to twisting. 75 The barrel is also provided with ridges 704 to improve gripping. Lens 702 allows one to see into the magazine and monitor the clip stack.

Referring now to Figures 47 and 48, the inventive clip stop is shown generally as 219a. An 80 elongated resilient plate or arm-like member 220a is fixedly secured to jaw blade 11 Oa, as by a spot weld, shown at 221 a. As illustrated in the drawings, the width of elongated member 220a is such that it fits within slot 1 56a formed by side 85 edges 1 52a and 1 54a of the sleeve or strap 11 2a.

While this width is not critical, it should be such that it does not interfere (as contacting sidewalls 152a and 1 54a) with the relative sliding motion between jaw blade 11 Oa and sleeve 11 2a.

In accordance with the present invention, the forward end of clip stop 219a includes, and is defined by, a pair of oppositely directed projections or ears 222a and concave or V-shaped intermediate portion 223a. As best illustrated in 95 Figures 48 and 5 1, the forward end of clip stop 21 9a includes an upwardly directed flared portion 224a and an oppositely and/or downwardly directed portion 225a. In other words, the forward end of the arm 220a is bent at 226a so that the V- 100 shaped intermediate portion is, when the jaws 11 6a are in an open position as shown in Figure 47, caused to be urged downwardly in a manner such that forward end 227a of the intermediate 40. portion 223a projects within the sidewalls or 105 flanges 122a of the jaws 11 6a. This is best shown in Figures 48 and 49. In this manner, and as should be readily apparent, clip 200a is very effectively prevented from an unwanted rearward movement even when the instrument and clip are forcefully urged against the tissue or blood vessel. 110 As the jaws 11 6a are closed as described above, projection or ears 222a, which in a jawopen position press against the upper surface of the jaws, are caused to be carnmed upwardly, as best illustrated in Figure 50, so that the forward end 227a of clip stop 21 9a is out of the way. In other words, the design of the novel clip stop of the invention is such that the closing of the jaws moves the clip stop upwardly and out of the way.

Thus, the unique clip stop, while very effectively preventing rearward movement or displacement of clip 200a, does not interfere with the functional aspects of the applicator itself.

In assembling the clip stop of the invention, plate-like member or arm 220a is simply placed in 125 position, i.e., over slot 11 8a with the forward end thereof being placed as shown in Figure 48, and is then secured to jaw blade 11 Oa as by spot welding at 221 a. The material of construction of GB 2 073 022 A 7 the clip stop should be that of the clamp applicator itself with the use of stainless steel being particularly preferred and advantageous. As should be apparent to those skilled in the art, the present invention is simple in design and construction, is very reliable in operation and further provides a truly remarkable solution to a problem associated with known surgical clamp applicators. While the invention has been disclosed in a preferred embodiment, variations in design are possible.

In this regard and with reference now to Figures 52A-54B, there is shown varying designs of the clip stop of the invention. Thus, in Figure 52A, there is shown a surgical clip applicator 230a which includes a pair of pivotally connected arms 231 a and 232a. As clearly shown in Figure 52, in this embodiment the clip stop indicated at 233a is formed integrally with the inner surface of the arm 232a and is adapted to pass through an opposed or mating aperture 234a formed in the opposed arm 231 a. Also note Figure 5213. In the embodiment of Figures 53A and 53B, the clip stop comprises an elongated plate-like member 235a which, as best shown in Figure 53B, is secured to the clamp applicator at 236a. Again, as clearly shown in the drawings in Figures 53A and 5313, the forward end of the plate-like clip stop 235a is bent downwardly at 237a to form a small shoulder portion that is effective to prevent rearward movement of the clip 238a.

A still further embodiment of the novel clip stop of the invention is shown in Figures 56A and 56B. In this embodiment, the clip stop 240a is secured, as by tack welding, at 241 a to one arm 242a of the surgical applicator. The clip 239a is prevented from any unwanted rearward movement by the forward surface 243a of the clip stop. Note, e.g., Figure 54B. The arm 244a is in a different plane than that of clip stop 240a, the latter thus not interferring with the closing of the opposed arms.

Claims (10)

1. A clip stop adapted for use in a surgical device having closable opposed spaced-apart jaws for holding and crimping a surgical clip, said clip stop comprising a member having an abutment surface to prevent rearward movement of a clip positioned within said jaws and a means for moving said member from and out of the way of the jaws as the jaws are closed to crimp the surgical clip.
2. A clip stop in accordance with claim 1, wherein said member is free of connection with said movable jaws. 120
3. A clip stop adapted for use in a surgical device for applying a clip to a vein, artery or other body tissue, said clip stop comprising an elongated member, means positioned at the forward end of said member to prevent rearward movement of a clip carried thereon, said means defining opposing outwardly directed projections and an intermediate concave portion, said projections serving to cause said elongated arm member to be moved from, and out of the way of, 8 the mechanism for applying said clip as the clip is caused to be clinched to a vein, artery or body tissue, said concave portion serving to prevent rearward displacement of said clip during its said application.
4. A clip stop in accordance with claim 3, wherein the intermediate portion is V-shaped.
5. A surgical device comprising a clip stop in 30 accordance with claim 3, or claim 4 and including a pair of jaws adapted to receive a clip therebetween and means for clinching the clip by movement of the jaws towards one another, the intermediate portion of the clip stop being receivable between the jaws to prevent rearward movement of a clip held by the jaws.
6. An instrument according to claim 5, wherein the jaws are formed by a bifurcation of an elongate strip, the jaws being grooved for holding. 40 and crimping the surgical clip therebetween.
7. An instrument according to claim 5 or 6, wherein means are provided for feeding surgical clips individually to the jaws.
GB 2 073 022 A
8 8. An instrument according to any one of claims 5 to 7, wherein the clip stop means are displaceable by engagement of clip feeding means with the outwardly directed projections whereby the resilient elongated arm is caused to be moved upwardly and outwardly of the clinching surfaces formed by the jaws.
9. A clip stop adapted for use in a surgical device having closable opposed spaced-apart jaws for holding and crimping a surgical clip, said clip stop comprising a member having a substantially planar abutment surface positioned in linear alignment with the spaced-apart jaws for preventing the clips from sliding in the iaws in the direction toward the clip stop after abutment therewith.
10. A clip stop adapted for use in a surgical device for applying a clip to a vein, artery or other body tissue, such clip stop being constructed and arranged to operate substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
Printed for Her Majesty's Stationery Office by the Courier Press, Leamington Spai 1981. Published by the Patent Office, 25 Southampton Buildings, London. WC2A lAY, from which copies may be obtained.
GB8018528A 1977-10-17 1980-10-17 Clip stop for surgical clip applying device Expired GB2073022B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US05/843,063 US4152920A (en) 1977-10-17 1977-10-17 System for applying surgical clips
US05/905,030 US4242902A (en) 1978-05-11 1978-05-11 Surgical clip applicator

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB2073022A true GB2073022A (en) 1981-10-14
GB2073022B GB2073022B (en) 1982-09-22

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ID=27126385

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB7840800A Expired GB2006021B (en) 1977-10-17 1978-10-17 Surgical clip applicator
GB8018528A Expired GB2073022B (en) 1977-10-17 1980-10-17 Clip stop for surgical clip applying device

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB7840800A Expired GB2006021B (en) 1977-10-17 1978-10-17 Surgical clip applicator

Country Status (5)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS632618B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1134701A (en)
DE (2) DE2857460C2 (en)
GB (2) GB2006021B (en)
HK (2) HK99685A (en)

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EP0144144A1 (en) * 1983-10-31 1985-06-12 Ethicon Inc. Clip stop for a surgical ligating instrument
EP0211114A1 (en) * 1979-08-02 1987-02-25 BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC. (a Delaware corporation) Ligator device
EP0406724A1 (en) * 1989-07-03 1991-01-09 Edward Weck Incorporated Automatic hemostatic clip applicator
EP0510826A1 (en) * 1991-04-04 1992-10-28 Ethicon Inc. Endoscopic multiple ligating clip applier
WO2012130590A1 (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-04 Aesculap Ag Surgical clip applicator
US8926599B2 (en) 2011-12-08 2015-01-06 Richard Wolf Gmbh Medical instrument
US9186136B2 (en) 2009-12-09 2015-11-17 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9358011B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2016-06-07 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier with connector plate
US9358015B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2016-06-07 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier with wedge plate
US9364239B2 (en) 2011-12-19 2016-06-14 Covidien Lp Jaw closure mechanism for a surgical clip applier
US9364240B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2016-06-14 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier
US9393024B2 (en) 2010-02-25 2016-07-19 Covidien Lp Articulating endoscopic surgical clip applier
US9398917B2 (en) 2007-03-26 2016-07-26 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier
US9408610B2 (en) 2012-05-04 2016-08-09 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier with dissector
US9414844B2 (en) 2008-08-25 2016-08-16 Covidien Lp Surgical clip appliers
US9439654B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2016-09-13 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier
US9480477B2 (en) 2006-10-17 2016-11-01 Covidien Lp Apparatus for applying surgical clips
US9498227B2 (en) 2007-04-11 2016-11-22 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9526501B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2016-12-27 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9532787B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2017-01-03 Covidien Lp Endoscopic clip applier
US9549741B2 (en) 2008-08-25 2017-01-24 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier and method of assembly
US9642627B2 (en) 2010-11-02 2017-05-09 Covidien Lp Self-centering clip and jaw
US9687247B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2017-06-27 Covidien Lp Apparatus for applying surgical clips
US9717505B2 (en) 2010-07-28 2017-08-01 Covidien Lp Articulating clip applier cartridge
US9737310B2 (en) 2010-07-28 2017-08-22 Covidien Lp Articulating clip applier
US9750500B2 (en) 2013-01-18 2017-09-05 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9763668B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2017-09-19 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier
US9775623B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2017-10-03 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier including clip relief feature
US9775624B2 (en) 2013-08-27 2017-10-03 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9848886B2 (en) 2013-01-08 2017-12-26 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9931124B2 (en) 2015-01-07 2018-04-03 Covidien Lp Reposable clip applier
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US4299224A (en) * 1979-06-06 1981-11-10 United States Surgical Corporation Disposable clip applier
US4430997A (en) * 1980-11-19 1984-02-14 Ethicon, Inc. Multiple clip applier
AR230173A1 (en) * 1981-06-29 1984-03-01 American Cyanamid Co Ligations surgical instrument
US4471780A (en) * 1982-02-05 1984-09-18 Ethicon, Inc. Multiple ligating clip applier instrument
US4509518A (en) * 1982-02-17 1985-04-09 United States Surgical Corporation Apparatus for applying surgical clips
US4512345A (en) * 1982-09-30 1985-04-23 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical clip applying apparatus, and clips and clip train for use therein
US4616650A (en) * 1984-07-27 1986-10-14 United States Surgical Corporation Apparatus for applying surgical clips
FR2702647B1 (en) * 1993-03-18 1995-05-05 Baudet Jacques The process of micro-anastomosis of blood vessels and automatic clamp for its implementation Óoeuvre.
DE102011001706A1 (en) 2011-03-31 2012-10-04 Aesculap Ag A surgical clip applier
DE202011000754U1 (en) 2011-03-31 2011-05-26 Aesculap AG, 78532 A surgical clip applier

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US3777538A (en) * 1972-03-15 1973-12-11 Weck & Co Edward Surgical clip applicator
CA1082552A (en) * 1977-08-05 1980-07-29 Charles H. Klieman Hemostatic clip applicator

Cited By (46)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0211114A1 (en) * 1979-08-02 1987-02-25 BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC. (a Delaware corporation) Ligator device
EP0144144A1 (en) * 1983-10-31 1985-06-12 Ethicon Inc. Clip stop for a surgical ligating instrument
EP0406724A1 (en) * 1989-07-03 1991-01-09 Edward Weck Incorporated Automatic hemostatic clip applicator
EP0510826A1 (en) * 1991-04-04 1992-10-28 Ethicon Inc. Endoscopic multiple ligating clip applier
EP0724862A2 (en) * 1991-04-04 1996-08-07 Ethicon, Inc. Endoscopic multiple ligating clip applier
EP0724862A3 (en) * 1991-04-04 1997-04-23 Ethicon Inc Endoscopic multiple ligating clip applier
US9364240B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2016-06-14 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier
US9763668B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2017-09-19 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier
US9687247B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2017-06-27 Covidien Lp Apparatus for applying surgical clips
US9480477B2 (en) 2006-10-17 2016-11-01 Covidien Lp Apparatus for applying surgical clips
US10166027B2 (en) 2006-10-17 2019-01-01 Covidien Lp Apparatus for applying surgical clips
US9398917B2 (en) 2007-03-26 2016-07-26 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier
US9498227B2 (en) 2007-04-11 2016-11-22 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US10258346B2 (en) 2007-04-11 2019-04-16 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9414844B2 (en) 2008-08-25 2016-08-16 Covidien Lp Surgical clip appliers
US9549741B2 (en) 2008-08-25 2017-01-24 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier and method of assembly
US10159484B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2018-12-25 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier with connector plate
US9439654B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2016-09-13 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier
US10231735B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2019-03-19 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier
US10231738B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2019-03-19 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier with wedge plate
US9545254B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2017-01-17 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier with connector plate
US9358015B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2016-06-07 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier with wedge plate
US9358011B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2016-06-07 Covidien Lp Endoscopic surgical clip applier with connector plate
US9186136B2 (en) 2009-12-09 2015-11-17 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US10004502B2 (en) 2009-12-09 2018-06-26 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9526501B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2016-12-27 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9393024B2 (en) 2010-02-25 2016-07-19 Covidien Lp Articulating endoscopic surgical clip applier
US10271854B2 (en) 2010-02-25 2019-04-30 Covidien Lp Articulating endoscopic surgical clip applier
US9737310B2 (en) 2010-07-28 2017-08-22 Covidien Lp Articulating clip applier
US9717505B2 (en) 2010-07-28 2017-08-01 Covidien Lp Articulating clip applier cartridge
US9642627B2 (en) 2010-11-02 2017-05-09 Covidien Lp Self-centering clip and jaw
WO2012130590A1 (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-04 Aesculap Ag Surgical clip applicator
US9775623B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2017-10-03 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier including clip relief feature
US8926599B2 (en) 2011-12-08 2015-01-06 Richard Wolf Gmbh Medical instrument
US9364239B2 (en) 2011-12-19 2016-06-14 Covidien Lp Jaw closure mechanism for a surgical clip applier
US9855043B2 (en) 2011-12-19 2018-01-02 Covidien Lp Jaw closure mechanism for a surgical clip applier
US9408610B2 (en) 2012-05-04 2016-08-09 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier with dissector
US9532787B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2017-01-03 Covidien Lp Endoscopic clip applier
US10159492B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2018-12-25 Covidien Lp Endoscopic clip applier
US9848886B2 (en) 2013-01-08 2017-12-26 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9968362B2 (en) 2013-01-08 2018-05-15 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9750500B2 (en) 2013-01-18 2017-09-05 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9775624B2 (en) 2013-08-27 2017-10-03 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier
US9931124B2 (en) 2015-01-07 2018-04-03 Covidien Lp Reposable clip applier
US10292712B2 (en) 2015-01-28 2019-05-21 Covidien Lp Surgical clip applier with integrated cutter
US10159491B2 (en) 2015-03-10 2018-12-25 Covidien Lp Endoscopic reposable surgical clip applier

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE2845213B2 (en) 1980-11-13
GB2073022B (en) 1982-09-22
JPS5499386A (en) 1979-08-06
CA1134701A1 (en)
HK8386A (en) 1986-02-14
GB2006021B (en) 1982-06-30
DE2857460C2 (en) 1982-05-06
CA1134701A (en) 1982-11-02
DE2845213A1 (en) 1979-04-19
GB2006021A (en) 1979-05-02
DE2845213C3 (en) 1981-08-13
JPS632618B2 (en) 1988-01-20
HK99685A (en) 1985-12-20

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Effective date: 19981016