GB190111293A - Improvements relating to the Utilization of Electromagnetic, Light, or other like Radiations Effects or Disturbances transmitted through the Natural Media and to Apparatus therefor. - Google Patents

Improvements relating to the Utilization of Electromagnetic, Light, or other like Radiations Effects or Disturbances transmitted through the Natural Media and to Apparatus therefor.

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Publication number
GB190111293A
GB190111293A GB190111293DA GB190111293A GB 190111293 A GB190111293 A GB 190111293A GB 190111293D A GB190111293D A GB 190111293DA GB 190111293 A GB190111293 A GB 190111293A
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United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
condenser
impulses
receiver
cell
resistance
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
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Inventor
Nikola Tesla
Original Assignee
Nikola Tesla
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Publication date
Application filed by Nikola Tesla filed Critical Nikola Tesla
Priority to GB190111293T priority Critical
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Publication of GB190111293A publication Critical patent/GB190111293A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

11,293. Lake, H. H., [Tesla, N.]. June 1. Signals, electric.-Relates to methods of and apparatus for utilizing or investigating electromagnetic radiations, or solar, terrestrial, or other natural disturbances or effects, transmitted through the natural media. Two methods of transmitting the electrical impulses are described. By one method, the potential of a point or region of the earth is varied by imparting to it intermittent or alternating electrifications through one of the terminals of a suitable source of electrical disturbances, the other terminal of which, to heighten the effect, is connected to an insulated body, preferably of large surface and at an elevation. The disturbances so produced through the earth act on a sensitive receiver similarly arranged. By the other method, the atmospheric air is made to become, and is employed as, a conductor, by the influence of currents or impulses of enormously high electromotive force. At the receiving-station, the disturbances are intensified by a condenser or other means of storage, so that weak impulses may be readily detected and utilized. In the apparatus shown in Fig. 1, the condenser 3 is charged directly by impulses received through the plates or electrodes 1, 2, which may both be in the ground, or in the air, &c. The condener is discharged at predetermined adjustable intervals through the receiver 4 by means of the rotating cylinder 5, the conducting-portion 6 of which is connected through the shaft 8 to the brush 13, and is provided with segments 9, which are separated by the insulating- portion 7, and are adapted to make contact with the adjustable brush 10 as the cylinder rotates. When the impulses are alternating, a commutator 14 is employed for the purpose of conveying charges of the proper quality and order of snccession to the terminals of the condenser. The plates 1, 2 are connected to brushes 17, 18 which bear on the conducting-rings 15, 16, the arms 19, 20 of which make contact periodically with the adjustable double brushes 21, 22. fhe commutator is rotated uniformly by clockwork &c., in synchronism with the periodicity of the impulses. For intermittent impulses of short duration, the brushes 21, 22 are shifted to obtain the proper connections, or one pair of the double brushes, say 21, may be removed, the plate 1 connected directly to the terminal 27 of the condenser, and the brushes 17, 18 connected together. For transmitting signals or intelligence, the transmitted impulses are varied, e.g., in longer or shorter successions, corresponding to the dashes and dots of a telegraph code, and the receiver responds to and indicates such variations. With the apparatus shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the impulses received are employed to control an independent source of energy, which operates the receiver. The terminals of the condenser 3, Fig. 2, are connected through the receiver 4 and discharging-cylinder 5, and, in parallel with the receiver, through the battery 30, resistance 32, and a suitable sensitive cell 31. For impulses of light, the cell 31 may be of selenium, in which case a reflector 33 should be used to intensify the action. Normally, the resistance of the cell is so great that the condenser is not charged sufficiently to operate the receiver, but, when the cell is under the action of transmitted impulses, the resistance of the cell is lowered and the receiver is operated. The receiver may indicate variations in the intensity of the impulses, irrespective of variations in their durations. The cylinder 5 may be arranged to control both circuits of the condenser, or a separate cylinder may be employed for each circuit. The cell 31 may be arranged in shunt to the condenser, in which case increased intensity of the impulses diminishes the effect on the condenser, and the cell may also be in shunt to the resistance 32 &c. Fig. 3 shows another arrangement for feeble impulses, the energy stored in the condenser 3 being passed through the primary 34 of a transformer, the secondary 35 of which is in circuit with the receiver 4 and a sensitive cell 36 similar to the cell 31, which may be of the coherer type. The cell 31, the three resistances 37, 38, 39, which are preferably inductive and adjustable, and the condenser are connected, as shown, on the plan of a Wheatstone bridge, adjustments being so made that normally there is no effective difference in potential between the terminals of the condenser. The non-inductive resistance 41 is also adjusted so that normally the resistance of the cell 36 is strained almost to the point of breaking down. Under the action of the impulses, the resistance of the cell 31 is lowered, the condenser discharges through the coil 34, and the current so induced in the secondary coil 35 actuates the receiver. Fig. 4 shows another apparatus, which depends for its action on the property possessed by certain radiations, such as ultra-violet light, cathodic, or R÷ntgen rays, of charging and discharging electric conductors. One terminal of the condenser 3 is connected to the insulated plate &c. 43, which is to be exposed to the action of the rays or radiations, while the other terminal is connected to a plate 44, which may be connected to one of the poles of a battery &c., so that it is supplied with electricity of the required sign. Positive electricity may be supplied to the plate 44 by connecting it to an insulated plate supported at some height in the atmosphere, or negative electricity may be supplied by connecting the plate to a grounded conductor. The condenser terminals are also connected through the receiver 4 to a suitable circuit controller. The controller shown comprises two very thin and mobile conducting-plates 45, 46, placed close together, and preferably enclosed in a receptacle from which the air is exhausted. In the receiver shown, the armature of the electromagnet carries a pivoted spring pawl 48, which engages a ratchetwheel 47. Parts of the apparatus illustrated are also applicable to ordinary telegraphic and telephonic systems involving the use of artificial lines.
GB190111293D 1901-06-01 1901-06-01 Improvements relating to the Utilization of Electromagnetic, Light, or other like Radiations Effects or Disturbances transmitted through the Natural Media and to Apparatus therefor. Expired GB190111293A (en)

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GB190111293T 1901-06-01

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Cited By (49)

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US9496921B1 (en) 2015-09-09 2016-11-15 Cpg Technologies Hybrid guided surface wave communication
US9857402B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-01-02 CPG Technologies, L.L.C. Measuring and reporting power received from guided surface waves
US9859707B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-01-02 Cpg Technologies, Llc Simultaneous multifrequency receive circuits
US9882436B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-01-30 Cpg Technologies, Llc Return coupled wireless power transmission
US9882397B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-01-30 Cpg Technologies, Llc Guided surface wave transmission of multiple frequencies in a lossy media
US9887558B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Wired and wireless power distribution coexistence
US9887587B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Variable frequency receivers for guided surface wave transmissions
US9885742B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Detecting unauthorized consumption of electrical energy
US9887585B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Changing guided surface wave transmissions to follow load conditions
US9887557B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Hierarchical power distribution
US9887556B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Chemically enhanced isolated capacitance
US9893403B2 (en) 2015-09-11 2018-02-13 Cpg Technologies, Llc Enhanced guided surface waveguide probe
US9893402B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-02-13 Cpg Technologies, Llc Superposition of guided surface waves on lossy media
US9899718B2 (en) 2015-09-11 2018-02-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Global electrical power multiplication
US9912031B2 (en) 2013-03-07 2018-03-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US9910144B2 (en) 2013-03-07 2018-03-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US9916485B1 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-03-13 Cpg Technologies, Llc Method of managing objects using an electromagnetic guided surface waves over a terrestrial medium
US9921256B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-03-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Field strength monitoring for optimal performance
US9923385B2 (en) 2015-06-02 2018-03-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface waves
US9927477B1 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-03-27 Cpg Technologies, Llc Object identification system and method
US9941566B2 (en) 2014-09-10 2018-04-10 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US9960470B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-05-01 Cpg Technologies, Llc Site preparation for guided surface wave transmission in a lossy media
US9973037B1 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-05-15 Cpg Technologies, Llc Object identification system and method
US9997040B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-06-12 Cpg Technologies, Llc Global emergency and disaster transmission
US10001553B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-06-19 Cpg Technologies, Llc Geolocation with guided surface waves
US10027177B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-07-17 Cpg Technologies, Llc Load shedding in a guided surface wave power delivery system
US10027116B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-07-17 Cpg Technologies, Llc Adaptation of polyphase waveguide probes
US10027131B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-07-17 CPG Technologies, Inc. Classification of transmission
US10033197B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-07-24 Cpg Technologies, Llc Object identification system and method
US10031208B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-07-24 Cpg Technologies, Llc Object identification system and method
US10033198B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-07-24 Cpg Technologies, Llc Frequency division multiplexing for wireless power providers
US10063095B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-08-28 CPG Technologies, Inc. Deterring theft in wireless power systems
US10062944B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-08-28 CPG Technologies, Inc. Guided surface waveguide probes
US10074993B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-09-11 Cpg Technologies, Llc Simultaneous transmission and reception of guided surface waves
US10079573B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-09-18 Cpg Technologies, Llc Embedding data on a power signal
US10084223B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-09-25 Cpg Technologies, Llc Modulated guided surface waves
US10101444B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-10-16 Cpg Technologies, Llc Remote surface sensing using guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US10103452B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2018-10-16 Cpg Technologies, Llc Hybrid phased array transmission
US10122218B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-11-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Long distance transmission of offshore power
US10135301B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-11-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Guided surface waveguide probes
US10141622B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2018-11-27 Cpg Technologies, Llc Mobile guided surface waveguide probes and receivers
US10175203B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2019-01-08 Cpg Technologies, Llc Subsurface sensing using guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US10175048B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2019-01-08 Cpg Technologies, Llc Geolocation using guided surface waves
US10193229B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2019-01-29 Cpg Technologies, Llc Magnetic coils having cores with high magnetic permeability
US10193595B2 (en) 2015-06-02 2019-01-29 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface waves
US10205326B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2019-02-12 Cpg Technologies, Llc Adaptation of energy consumption node for guided surface wave reception
US10230270B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2019-03-12 Cpg Technologies, Llc Power internal medical devices with guided surface waves
US10312747B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2019-06-04 Cpg Technologies, Llc Authentication to enable/disable guided surface wave receive equipment
US10324163B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2019-06-18 Cpg Technologies, Llc Geolocation using guided surface waves

Cited By (63)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9910144B2 (en) 2013-03-07 2018-03-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US9912031B2 (en) 2013-03-07 2018-03-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US10224589B2 (en) 2014-09-10 2019-03-05 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US9941566B2 (en) 2014-09-10 2018-04-10 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US10033198B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-07-24 Cpg Technologies, Llc Frequency division multiplexing for wireless power providers
US9882397B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-01-30 Cpg Technologies, Llc Guided surface wave transmission of multiple frequencies in a lossy media
US10101444B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-10-16 Cpg Technologies, Llc Remote surface sensing using guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US9887587B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Variable frequency receivers for guided surface wave transmissions
US10177571B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2019-01-08 Cpg Technologies, Llc Simultaneous multifrequency receive circuits
US10027116B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-07-17 Cpg Technologies, Llc Adaptation of polyphase waveguide probes
US9887557B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Hierarchical power distribution
US9887556B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Chemically enhanced isolated capacitance
US10320045B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2019-06-11 Cpg Technologies, Llc Superposition of guided surface waves on lossy media
US9893402B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-02-13 Cpg Technologies, Llc Superposition of guided surface waves on lossy media
US10193353B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2019-01-29 Cpg Technologies, Llc Guided surface wave transmission of multiple frequencies in a lossy media
US10320200B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2019-06-11 Cpg Technologies, Llc Chemically enhanced isolated capacitance
US9859707B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-01-02 Cpg Technologies, Llc Simultaneous multifrequency receive circuits
US10074993B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-09-11 Cpg Technologies, Llc Simultaneous transmission and reception of guided surface waves
US10135298B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-11-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Variable frequency receivers for guided surface wave transmissions
US10001553B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-06-19 Cpg Technologies, Llc Geolocation with guided surface waves
US10175203B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2019-01-08 Cpg Technologies, Llc Subsurface sensing using guided surface wave modes on lossy media
US10084223B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-09-25 Cpg Technologies, Llc Modulated guided surface waves
US9960470B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-05-01 Cpg Technologies, Llc Site preparation for guided surface wave transmission in a lossy media
US10153638B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-12-11 Cpg Technologies, Llc Adaptation of polyphase waveguide probes
US10079573B2 (en) 2014-09-11 2018-09-18 Cpg Technologies, Llc Embedding data on a power signal
US9923385B2 (en) 2015-06-02 2018-03-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface waves
US10193595B2 (en) 2015-06-02 2019-01-29 Cpg Technologies, Llc Excitation and use of guided surface waves
US9921256B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-03-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Field strength monitoring for optimal performance
US10132845B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-11-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Measuring and reporting power received from guided surface waves
US10122218B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-11-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Long distance transmission of offshore power
US10320233B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2019-06-11 Cpg Technologies, Llc Changing guided surface wave transmissions to follow load conditions
US9997040B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-06-12 Cpg Technologies, Llc Global emergency and disaster transmission
US9857402B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-01-02 CPG Technologies, L.L.C. Measuring and reporting power received from guided surface waves
US9887585B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Changing guided surface wave transmissions to follow load conditions
US10274527B2 (en) 2015-09-08 2019-04-30 CPG Technologies, Inc. Field strength monitoring for optimal performance
US10230270B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2019-03-12 Cpg Technologies, Llc Power internal medical devices with guided surface waves
US10063095B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-08-28 CPG Technologies, Inc. Deterring theft in wireless power systems
US10031208B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-07-24 Cpg Technologies, Llc Object identification system and method
US9882606B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-01-30 Cpg Technologies, Llc Hybrid guided surface wave communication
US10033197B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-07-24 Cpg Technologies, Llc Object identification system and method
US10027131B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-07-17 CPG Technologies, Inc. Classification of transmission
US10027177B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-07-17 Cpg Technologies, Llc Load shedding in a guided surface wave power delivery system
US10135301B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-11-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Guided surface waveguide probes
US9882436B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-01-30 Cpg Technologies, Llc Return coupled wireless power transmission
US10148132B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-12-04 Cpg Technologies, Llc Return coupled wireless power transmission
US9973037B1 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-05-15 Cpg Technologies, Llc Object identification system and method
US9927477B1 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-03-27 Cpg Technologies, Llc Object identification system and method
US9887558B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Wired and wireless power distribution coexistence
US10333316B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2019-06-25 Cpg Technologies, Llc Wired and wireless power distribution coexistence
US10062944B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-08-28 CPG Technologies, Inc. Guided surface waveguide probes
US9916485B1 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-03-13 Cpg Technologies, Llc Method of managing objects using an electromagnetic guided surface waves over a terrestrial medium
US9885742B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2018-02-06 Cpg Technologies, Llc Detecting unauthorized consumption of electrical energy
US10205326B2 (en) 2015-09-09 2019-02-12 Cpg Technologies, Llc Adaptation of energy consumption node for guided surface wave reception
US9496921B1 (en) 2015-09-09 2016-11-15 Cpg Technologies Hybrid guided surface wave communication
US10324163B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2019-06-18 Cpg Technologies, Llc Geolocation using guided surface waves
US10312747B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2019-06-04 Cpg Technologies, Llc Authentication to enable/disable guided surface wave receive equipment
US10175048B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2019-01-08 Cpg Technologies, Llc Geolocation using guided surface waves
US10141622B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2018-11-27 Cpg Technologies, Llc Mobile guided surface waveguide probes and receivers
US10103452B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2018-10-16 Cpg Technologies, Llc Hybrid phased array transmission
US10193229B2 (en) 2015-09-10 2019-01-29 Cpg Technologies, Llc Magnetic coils having cores with high magnetic permeability
US9893403B2 (en) 2015-09-11 2018-02-13 Cpg Technologies, Llc Enhanced guided surface waveguide probe
US10326190B2 (en) 2015-09-11 2019-06-18 Cpg Technologies, Llc Enhanced guided surface waveguide probe
US9899718B2 (en) 2015-09-11 2018-02-20 Cpg Technologies, Llc Global electrical power multiplication

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