GB1572605A - Liqid enzyme containing detergent composition - Google Patents

Liqid enzyme containing detergent composition Download PDF

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Publication number
GB1572605A
GB1572605A GB925876A GB925876A GB1572605A GB 1572605 A GB1572605 A GB 1572605A GB 925876 A GB925876 A GB 925876A GB 925876 A GB925876 A GB 925876A GB 1572605 A GB1572605 A GB 1572605A
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composition
acid
polyacid
weight
compositions
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Procter and Gamble Co
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Procter and Gamble Co
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Priority to GB925876A priority Critical patent/GB1572605A/en
Priority claimed from IT4831277A external-priority patent/IT1106254B/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/38Products with no well-defined composition, e.g. natural products
    • C11D3/386Preparations containing enzymes, e.g. protease, amylase
    • C11D3/38618Protease or amylase in liquid compositions only
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/83Mixtures of non-ionic with anionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2075Carboxylic acids-salts thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/26Organic compounds containing nitrogen
    • C11D3/33Amino carboxylic acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/36Organic compounds containing phosphorus
    • C11D3/361Phosphonates, phosphinates, phosphonites
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/38Products with no well-defined composition, e.g. natural products
    • C11D3/386Preparations containing enzymes, e.g. protease, amylase
    • C11D3/38663Stabilised liquid enzyme compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/43Solvents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/22Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aromatic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/72Ethers of polyoxyalkylene glycols

Description

(54) LIQUID ENZYME CONTAINING DETERGENT COMPOSiTION (71) We, THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY, a company organised under the laws of the State of Ohio. United States of America, of 301 East Sixth Street, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202, United States of America, do hereby declare the invention, for which we pray that a patent may be granted to us. and the method by which it is to be performed to be particularly described in and bv the following statement: Liquid homogeneous. substantially unbuilt enzymatic detergent compositions are disclosed containing a surfactant mixture: a low level of a polyacid; free-calcium ions. a proteolytic enzyme and a liquid carrier mixture. These compositions are capable of providing superior cleaning performance and improved storage stability.

The present invention pertains to liquid homogeneous substantially unbuilt enzyme containing detergent compositions. These liquid compositions contain a major amount of a surfactant mixture comprising a nonionic ethoxylated surfactant and an anionic synthetic surfactant, a low level of a polyacid. free calcium ions, a proteolytic enzyme and a liquid carrier. The liquid compositions of this invention are from a performance standpoint comparable to granular built heavy duty detergent compositions. In respect to the comparable known liquid detergent state of the art, the compositions herein are capable of providing superior cleaning performance and excellent storage stability. particularly as regards the enzymatic activity.

To be satisfactory for washing or pre-treating and subsequent washing of heavily soiled fabrics. such as cotton and synthetic fabrics. liquid detergent compositions contain an adequate concentration of detergent compounds. In addition, they must remain stable and homogeneous when subjected to various storage conditions and be designed for use in both horizontal (tumble drum type) and upright (vertical agitator type) washing machines and for topical application as well as for handwashing.

Liquid. heavv duty detergent compositions containing a synthetic organic detergent compound. which is generally anionic, nonionic or mixed anionic-nonionic in nature; an inorganic builder salt: and a solvent. are disclosed. for example, in US patents 2,551.634: 1.908.651: 2,920,045: '.947.7()': 3.'3Y.468: 3.972.753: 3,393.154: 3.554,916: 3.697,451: and 3.709.838: Belgian patents 613.165: 665,53': 794.713 and 817.267; British patents 759,877; and 842,813; and German published applications 1,617,119; 1.937.682; 2,327.861; 2,530,840; and 2.361.448 and '.362.114. These compositions frequently contain a hydrotrope or solubilizing agent to permit the addition of sufficient quantities of surfactants and usual builder salts to provide a reasonable volume usage/performance ratio.Others are substantially anhvdrous liquid compositions containing an alkanolamine component (US patent 3.5'8.95). Still others contain a soap component (US patents 2,875,153 and '.543.74 It is well-known that the formulation of enzyme containing liquid detergent compositions is a very delicate task due to the rapid decrease of the enzymatic activity in aqueous medium during storage. In fact. the difficulties flowing from the inherent losses in enzymatic activity are such that until now, this problem could not be solved satisfactorily.The significance of these obstacles will even he better understood when considering that the desirabilitv for formulating liquid detergent compositions containing enzymes is known for a good time already. The absence of any practical solution to this highly unsitisfactory enzymatic activity retention in aqueous detergent medium confirms all the more. both, the instability of enzymes in current liquid detergents compositions and concomitantly the difficulties for selectively formulating a liquid composition containing enzymes which might be of commercial interest.

The state of the art is scattered in respect of this particular aspect of detergent technology. So. for example it is known Crom published Dutch patent application 66.08106 that proteolytic enzymes do only have a limited stability in aqueous mcdium.In addition to this. it is expressed that most detergent ingredients such LS phosphate. carbonates. and sulfates have an adverse effect on the activity of these enzymes as well as 011 their stability in detergent solution. ll0is reference amounts to an explination why (proteolytic) enzymes are until now only incorporatcd into granular detergent compositions. No concrete solution however is suggested relative to the deficient stabilitv.

From the disclosures of "BIOCHEMICA E'U BIOPHYSICA ACTA". Vol. 6 (195()).

pages 237 et seq.. it is known that sequestering agents in general exert a destabilizing effect on proteolytic enzymes in aqueous medium. (Citric acid, oxalic acid, ethylenediaminetet- acetic acid. and nitrilotri'icetic acid examplify this known destabilizing effect. German patent application DOS 7.301.728 is representative of the known prior art. It discloses that various enzyme preparations can be incorporated into liquid detergent compositions preferably in conjunction with detergent sequestering builders.

As can be seen from the foregoing, a substantial effort has been expanded in developing built and builder-free detergent compositions in liquid form. Yet. there are several prohlems associated with the art-disclosed compositions which render them less optimal for wide scale use. undesinible from an ecological standpoint in improperly treated sewage.

objectionable from a performance point of view in cleaning both natural and synthetic fibers and subject to deactivation of the enzyme component during storage.

It has now been found that these known deficiencies can be avoided by formulating enzvme containing liquid detergent compositions comprising a minor amount of a specific polyacid and a certain level of free calcium ions.

It has also been found that liquid. concentrated, heavy duty detergent compositions containing a major amount of a mixture of a polyethoxylated nonionic and an anionic synthetic surfactant in conjunction with a polyacid. a protease and the free calcium ions and having a pH in the range of from 6 to 7.5. exhibit superior removal of bleach-sensitive stains by topical application and through-the-wash fabric cleaning. These liquid. concentrated.

heavy duty detergent compositions exhibit good physical properties. remain homogeneous and stable under severe storage conditions and stand the addition of manv usual adjuvants.

It is an object of this invention to provide liquid. enzyme containing heavy duty detergent compositions which exhibit excellent cleaning and superior bleach-sensitive stain removal by topical application and through-the-wash fabric cleaning.

It is another object herein to provide liquid. concentrated and stable, heavv duty detergent compositions which retain an effective enzyme activity under prolonged storage conditions.

It is still another object herein to provide liquid. concentrated. homogeneous. stable, heavv duty detergent compositions acceptable from an ecological standpoint.

These and other objects cia now be met as will be seen from the following disclosure.

It has now been discovered that homogeneous liquid. enzyme containing detergent compositions can be formulated which do provide significant advantages during storage and use. The liquid compositions claimed herein consist essentially of: a) from 35% to 75C; hv weight of a surfactant mixture comprising an ethoxylated non-ionic surfactant and an anionic synthetic surfactant wherein the weight ratio of said non-ionic surfactant to said anionic surfactant is in the range from 1:1 to 5:1: b) from 0.05 to 1.5 by weight of a polyacid capable of forming water-soluble Ca-complexes: c) from ().5 millimole7l to 15 millimoles/l of calcium ions:: d) from 0.001% to 2% of an alkaline proteolytic enzyme having an iso-electric point of greater than 8: e) a liquid solvent system comprising water and from 2% to 15C/r by weight of a C. to C6 aliphatic alcohol havinir I to 3 hydroxyl groups; ; the pH of the composition being within the range from 6.0 to 7.5 In a preferred embodiment. the polvacid is present in an amount from 0.05 to 1.0% bv weight. wherein said polyacid is capable of providing an enzyme stabilitv which is about equivalent to the enzyme stability provided hv adding from 0.3(4 to 0.6% preferably 0.5% by weight citric acid. said stability for the polyacid and the citric acid being determined in substantially identical compositions of this invention.

The logarithmic value of the stability constant of the Ca-complexes of the polyacid is preferably greater than 1.5, most preferably between 2.0 and 4.0 at the pH of the composition.

The term "free calcium ion" or "calcium ion" as used herein is meant to express calcium not bound by the polyacid (sequestering agent).

These essential components are described in more details hereinafter.

Unless indicated to the contrary, the percentage indications stand for percent by weight.

The surfactant mixture is used in an amount from 35% to 75%, preferably from 40% to 55%. Using less than 35% of the surfactant mixture may lead to stability problems, especially phase stability. The upper limit is dictated by homogeneity reasons i.e. using substantially more than 75neo of the surfactant mixture can create difficulties for incorporating - dissolving - the enzyme component. The weight ratio of polyethoxylated nonionic surfactant to anionic synthetic surfactant is normally in the range of from 1:1 to 5:1, preferably from 1:1 to 3:1.

The nonionic ethoxylate can be represented by all known detergent ethoxylates which are known to be suitable for use in detergent technology. Such nonionic compounds are conventionally produced by condensing ethylene oxide, forming the hydrophilic moiety or ethenoxy chain, with a hydrocarbon having a reactive hydrogen atom, e.g., a hydroxyl-, carboxyl-, or amino group, and forming the hydrophobic moiety, in the presence of acidic or basic catalysts. Such procedures result in the production of a product mixture comprising a number of nonionics of varying ethoxylate content.Therefore, the conventional designation of the number of ethylene oxide units "m" present per molecule of nonionic compound as designated. for example, in the general formula R-A(CHoCHoO)mH, wherein R represents the hydrophobic moiety and A the group carrying the reactive hydrogen atom, is an indication of the average number of ethylene oxide units per molecule of nonionic compound according to a statistic distribution where the peak is situated around the "m" number.

The properties of the polyethoxylated nonionics depend to a considerable extent on the hydrophilic moiety or average number of ethylene oxide units present. Most commercially available polyethoxylated nonionics are viscous liquids or soft pastes having in general from 2 to 24 ethylene oxide units in average.

The polyethoxylates nonionic detergent compounds useful in the compositions of the present invention include preferably those compounds which are obtained by reacting an alcohol with ethylene oxide and which are soluble in the instant liquid compositions.

Polyethoxylated nonionic compounds have a negative temperature coefficient of solubility in water, becoming less soluble at higher temperatures. Therefore, soluble in the instant liquid compositions means soluble at temperatures below 35"C.

Usually, the polyethoxylated nonionic detergent compounds are considered to include only those compounds which are soluble in water. There is a large number of polyethoxylated nonionic compounds having detersive properties but which do not have enough hydrophilic character to be fully soluble in water but are dispersible in water. They can be solubilized in water, however, with the help of solubilizing agents such as C2-C6 aliphatic alcohols, by admixing highly soluble polyethoxylated nonionic compounds or by hydrotropes. Therefore, soluble in the instant liquid compositions means soluble per se in water or soluble in the instant liquid composition.

The hydrophobic moiety of the nonionic compounds useful in the composition of the present invention can be derived from primary and secondary, straight or branched, saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohols having from 8 to 24, preferably from 12 to 20 carbon atoms. Another source is the alkylphenols wherein the alkyl group or groups have from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, wherein at least one group has at least 6 carbon atoms and the total number of carbon atoms in the alkyl groups is at most 15.

Primary alcohols can be derived from animal and vegetable oils and fats by, for example, hydrogenolysis of said oils, fats or corresponding fatty acids. They are substantially straight-chain or linear alcohols.

Primary alcohols can also be obtained from synthetic sources by different processes. The usual raw materials are polymers of lower alkylenes or olefins. According to the type of polymers, olefins. processes and process conditions, alcohols with a different degree of linearity or branching are obtained. The major part of the commercially available primary synthetic alcohols are prepared by either the "OXO" or "Ziegler" process.

Secondary alcohols are mostly obtained from synthetic sources, e.g., from olefins, either by direct hydration at high temperatures and pressures or hydrolysis of the intermediate sulfuric acid product; by oxidation of paraffins, etc.

Alkylphenols are obtained by reacting a phenol with an olefin thermally preferably in the presence of a catalyst, e.g., boron trifluoride. Xylenol and cresol can also be used instead of phenol.

Preferred for the compositions of the present invention are polyethoxylated nonionics derived from primary and secondary aliphatic alcohols.

The hydrophilic moiety of the nonionic compounds useful in the composition of the present invention is an ethenoxy chain consisting of from 2 to 24 ethylene oxide units in average, depending upon hydrophobic character of the hydrocarbon group. Preferred are those ethenoxy chains containing at least about 4 ethylene oxide units.

Suitable examples of polyethoxylated nonionic compounds can, for example, be prepared from aliphatic primary alcohols containing from 12 to 20 carbon atoms condensed with from 4 moles to 14 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol. Non-limiting. specific examples of polyethoxylated nonionic detergent compounds derived from straight chain primary aliphatic alcohols are: C 2H25-O-(C2H4O)6-H; C16H33-O-(C2H4O)9-H; C1 H35-O- (C2H4O)9-H; C,8H37-0-(C2H40)9-H; C14H2-O-(QH4O)9-H; C1 2H25-O-(C2H4O)9-H; C12H2-O-(C2H4O)4-H; C,6H33-O-(C2H40)9-H; tallow-O-(C2H40)l-H; C1 1H23- O(C2H4O)4-H; C16H33-O(C2H4O)7-H; and mixtures thereof.Non-limiting, specific examples of polyethoxylated nonionic detergent compounds derived from secondary aliphatic alcohols are: C12H25CH(C4H9)-O-(C2H40)9-H; C8H17CH(C4H9)-O-(C2H40)l2-H; (C7H 15)2CH-O-(C2H4O)6-H; C17H35CH(CH3)-O-(C2H4O)9-H; C14H29CH(C3H7)-O- (C.H40)9-H; C14H29CH(CH3)-O-(C2H4O)9-H; and mixtures thereof. Non-limiting, specific examples of polyethoxylated nonionic detergent compounds derived from branched primary aliphatic alcohols are: C11H23CH(CH3)CH2-O-(C2H4O)9-H; C12H25CH(CH3)CH2-O-(C2H4O)11-H; C15H31CH(CH3)CH1-O-(C1H4O)9-H; C1 3H27CH(CH3)CH2-CH2-CH2-O-(QH4O)9-H; C12H25CH(C2H5)-CH2-O-(C2H4O)9-H: (C7H15)2CH-CH2-O-(C2H4O)12-H; C9H19CH(C5H11)CH2-O-(C2H4O)12-H; C1 3H27CH(C4H())CH2-O-(C2H4O)1 1-H; Cl 3H27CH-(C3H7)CH2-CH2-0-(C2H4o)9-H . and mixtures thereof. Non limiting.specific examples of polyethoxylated nonionic detergent compounds derived from alkylphenols are C9H19C6H4-O-(C2H40)9-H; C12H25C6H4-O- (C.H40) 12-H; (C9Hl 9)(CHA )C"H-0-(C7H40) 12-H; (C12H25)(CH3)2C6H2-O-(C2H4O)1 H: C12H25C6H4-O-(C2H4O)6-H; and and mixtures thereof.Non-limiting, specific examples of mixtures of polyethyoxylated nonionic compounds consisting of slightly water-soluble and highly water-soluble nonionics useful in the compositions of the present invention are: 1/2 mixture of C12H25-O-(C2H4O)5-H and C12H25-O-(C2H4O)12-H; 1/1 mixture of C14H29-O- (C2H4O)5-H and tallow-O-(C2H4O)1 1-H; 2/1 mixture of Cl5H3t-O-(C.H40)7-H and tallow-O-( C2H4O)11-H; 1/4 mixture of C1(1H21 -O(C2H4O)3-H and C13H27CH(CH3)CH2-O- (C2H4O)10-H: 1/1/1 mixture of C8H17CH(C6H13)-O-(C2H4O)6-H;C12H25CH(CH3)CH2-O- (C2H40)4 and C18H3/8 7/8-O-(C2H4O)15-H; 0.2/1/2 mixture of C9H1 9C6H4-O-(C2H4O)-H; C 15H31 -O(C2H4O)5-H and C1 5H37-O-( C2H4O) 12-H; 2/1/1 mixture of (CH3)3C(CH2)RCH2- 0-(C2H40)3-H; C16H33CH(CH3)CH2-O-(C2H4O)11-H and Cl4H29CH(CH3)-O-(C2H40)9- H (all ratios being by weight).

A particularly preferred nonionic surfactant is represented by a mixture of: (1) a primary aliphatic alcohol ethoxylate obtained from an alcohol, the hydrocarbyl chain of which contains at least 65% branched-chain structure and is obtained by hydroformylation of random olefins and has from 14 to 22, especially from 16 to 19 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbyl chain, and 8 to 14 moles of ethylene oxide; and (2) an alcohol ethoxylate derived from a primary alcohol with preferably 40% branched-chain structure and having from 9 to 15, especially from 12 to 15 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbyl chain. and 3 to 7 moles of ethylene oxide. Another preferred species of the C9-C15 ethoxylated alcohol has about 60% branched chain structure.

The essential anionic surfactant can be represented by the general formula R3SO3M wherein R; represents a hydrocarbyl group selected from straight or branched alkyl radicals having from 12 to 24 carbon atoms; and alkylphenyl radicals having from 9 to 15 carbon atoms in the alkyl group; and M is a salt-forming cation selected from Na, K, NH4, and mono-, di-, and trialkanol amines having 2 to 3 carbon atoms in the alkanol groups.

The preferred anionic surfactant component of the instant detergent composition is a water-soluble salt of an alkylbenzene sulfonic acid, preferably an alkanolamine alkylben zene sulfonate, having from 12 to 15 carbon atoms in the alkyl group.

More specifically, the preferred anionic surfactant herein consists of a mono-, di-. or triethanolamine salt of a straight chain alkylbenzene sulfonic acid in which the alkyl group contains in average about 12 carbon atoms.

The preferred alkanolamine alkvlbenzene sulfonate salts are prepared by neutralizing the alkylbenzene sulfonic acid with an alkanolamine selected from the group consisting of mono-, di-, and triethanolamine. The triethanolamine salts are preferred herein.

Specific examples of alkanolamine salts of alkylbenzene sulfonic acids useful in the instant invention include triethanolamine decyl benzene sulfonate, triethanolamine dodecyl benzene sulfonate, diethanolamine undecyl benzene sulfonate, monoethanolamine tridecylbenzene sulfonate, triethanolamine tetradecyl benzene sulfonate, and mixtures thereof.

Other anionic surfactants useful herein include the organic sulfuric acid reaction products having in their molecular structure an aliphatic hydrocarbon group containing from 12 to 24 carbon atoms. or mixtures thereof. Examples of this group of synthetic detersive anionic surfactants are the paraffin sulfonates, especially the secondary paraffin sulfonates having in average 13 to 16 carbon atoms; and olefin sulfonates. The anionic surfactants are used in the form of their sodium, potassium, ammonium, but preferably in the form of their mono-, di-, and triethanolamine salts, or mixtures thereof.

A preferred surfactant mixture for use herein comprises a nonionic surfactant produced by the condensation of from 2 to 4 moles of ethylene oxide and one mole of an aliphatic alcohol containing from 14 to 16 carbon atoms. and an anionic synthetic surfactant neutralized with an alkanolamine.

Another preferred surfactant mixture for use in the compositions of this invention comprises a nonionic surfactant produced by the condensation of alkylene oxide with an organic compound having a hydrophilic-lipophilic balance of from 8 to 15; and an ethanolamine alkylbenzene sulfonate having from 9 to 15 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain, the weight ratio of the nonionic surfactant to the anionic surfactant in its free acid form being in the range from 2.5:1 to 3.5:1.

Another essential component in the compositions af this invention is a polyacid capable of forming water-soluble calcium complexes; it is used in an amount from 0.05% to 1.5% preferably from 0.05% to 1%. and most preferably from 0.1% to 0.8%. Preferred polyacid species can be defined in the stability constant of their water-soluble Ca-complexes and by means of the enzyme stability of detergent compositions containing the polyacid versus what is achieved from an identical composition wherein the polyacid is citric acid which is present in an amount from 0.3 to 0.6%, preferably 0.5%.

The logarithmic value, at the pH of the detergent composition, of the stability constant of the water-soluble calcium complexes of preferred polyacids is greater than 1.5, most preferably in the range from 2.0 to 4.0 (at the pH of the detergent composition).

The stability constant qualifies those polyacids, which although capable of providing calcium sequestring power in the detergent composition will leave therein a certain amount of free calcium ions. A total sequestration of the free calcium can lead to a certain deactivation of the enzyme which thus is expressed in terms of decreased stability. for example, by reference to an identical composition which comprises from 0.3% to 0.6%, preferably 0.5% citric acid.

The water-soluble Ca-complexes of suitable polyacids have a logarithmic stability constant greater than 1.5, preferably in the range from 2.0 to 4.0. These constants are determined at a temperature in the range from 10 C to 40"C. The stability constants are known as "conditional stability constants of the calcium complexation at a given pH. They can be calculated in accordance with : COMPLEXATION in ANALYTICAL CHEMIS TRY" by A. Ringbom, Edit. Interscience Publisher. Additional reference is directed to "STABILITY CONSTANTS" published by the London Chemical Society, 1964.

Suitable polyacids are additionally defined by means of the enzyme stability in a composition of this invention versus what is obtained from an identical composition wherein the poiyacid is replaced by citric acid in a level from 0.3 to 0.6%, preferably 0.5%.

The liquid detergent compositions of this invention which do not contain a polyacid, can be used as base-liquid to select, qualitatively and quantitatively, suitable polyacids for use herein. The following description examplifies the polyacid selection.

A liquid detergent composition is prepared by mixing the following ingredients: in % - triethanolamine salt of a linear alkylbenzene 20 sulfonic acid, wherein the alkyl chain avera ges 11.7 carbon atoms in length - condensation product of branched (72%) fatty 20 alcohol having from 16 to 19 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and 11 moles of ethylene oxide - condensation product of branched (60%) fatty al- 10 cohol having from 12 to 15 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and 4 moles of ethylene oxide - ethanol 10 - optical brightener (Stilbene type) 0.25 - triethanolamine salt of saturated fatty acid 0.75 having in average 16-22 carbon atoms - triethanolamine (free) 1 to 2 to adjust pH of composition (as is) at pH 7 - proteolytic enzyme (commercial enzyme pre- 0.4 paration containing 15% pure enzyme) - polyacid see below - water balance to 100% The above liquid composition contains about 4 millimoles/liter of the composition of calcium originating mostly from the commercial enzyme preparation with adjustment if needed.

Candidate polyacids for use in this invention and citric acid at a level of e.g. 0.5% are added to separate samples of the above detergent composition. These samples are submitted to an accelerated storage test at 45"C + 1"C for 40-60 hours or at 350C:::: 10C for 2 weeks. The residual enzymatic activity is analyzed thereby using the method described in "ANALYST", 96, pages 159-163 (1973), E. DUNN and R. BROTHERTON".

A control sample which does neither contain a polyacid nor citric acid is carried along. A selected polyacid. species and level, is-suitable for use in the compositions of this invention if the residual enzymatic acitivity is of the same order of magnitude as the residual enzymatic activity of the sample containing citric acid and/or the control which does not contain a polyacid. It is understood that the Ca-complexes of the polyacid are water-soluble i.e. the detergent composition will be substantially free of precipitates and/or cloudiness.

The selection technique requires a suitable level of free-calcium in the range from 0.05 to 15 millimoles. Part of the free-calcium serves to achieve enzyme-stability. The minimum enzyme levels claimed i.e. 0.001coo require less than 0.5 millimole Ca-ions.

The following polyacids were tested in accordance with the procedure described hereinbefore. The storage test conditions were : 35"C - 2 weeks. The residual enzyme stability is calculated by reference to the initial activity for a given sample being 100%.

Appearance Residual Logarithmic value of Polyacid of detergent enzyme stability constant of composition activity polyacid Ca-complexes at species % % pH 7 -none (control) 0.0 cloudy 65 not applicable -malic acid 0.5 cloudy 80 1.0 -nitrilotria- 0.5 clear 75 3.5 cetic acid -citric acid 0.5 clear 68 3.5 -ethylenediamine 0.5 clear 66 tetramethylenephosphonic acid -diglycolic 0.2 clear 67 2.0 acid -tripolyphos- 0.5 clear 12 4.5 phoric acid -ethylenedia- ().5 clear () 7.2 mine tetraacetic acid -ethylenedia- 0.07 clear 62 7.2 mine tetraacetic acid Detergent composition used in selecting suitable ableolyacids as described above except that the level of total calcium is increased to 8 millimoles:: ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid ().25 clear 6X 7.2 This data shows that the enzyme stability for a given level of polyacid (().5%) is inversely related to the logarithmic stability constant of the Ca-polyacid complexes at the pH of the composition. The logarithmic stability constant being a measure of Ca-sequestering ability, it thus can be concluded that relatively strong sequestrants at the given pH shall be incorporated in an amount which will leave a minimum level, as defined herein, of free calcium ions in the composition. Weak sequestrants having a logarithmic stability constant of less than 1.5. although capable of providing enzyme stability, do not procure a homogeneous (and clear) liquid composition.Strong sequestrants to provide the advantages of this invention need, of course, a higher level of total calcium in the composition.

As is apparent from the above, citric acid can advantageously be used to select, qualitatively and quantitatively, suitable polyacid species.

The preferred polyacids having a logarithmic stability constant in the range from 2.0 to 4.0 in addition to product appearance and enzyme stability also provide significantly improved cleaning performance, particularly on bleach and builder sensitive stains as more fully explained in concurrently filed patent application No. 9257/76 serial No. 1569617 entitled: 'LIQUID DETERGENT COMPOSITION" - inventors : J. ARNAU, C.

BARRAT and J. WEVERS. Docket number : CM-1 A broad class of preferred polyacid species for use in the compositions of this invention is comprised of organo-phosphonic acids, particularly alkylene-polyamino-polyalkylene phosphonic acids, inclusive of ethylenediamine tetramethylene phosphonic acid; hex amethvlene diaminetetramethylene phosphonic acid, diethylene triaminepentamethylene phosphonic acid: and amino-trimethylene phosphonic acid. Additional preferred polyacid species include: nitrilotriacetic acid: citric acid; and diglycolic acid. Suitable polyacids can be incorporated into the compositions herein in the form of their acids, acid salts or salts.

The liquid detergent compositions of this invention comprise from 0.5 to 15, preferably from 1.5 to 10 millimoles (m-mol) of free calcium ions. The free calcium ions are either originating from their presence in the additional components of this invention, especially the enzyme preparation. or can be added directly into the compositions. The latter can be achieved by utilizing an aqueous solution of any commonly available calcium salts such as chloride and acetate. The level of free calcium ions can be determined by known methods or can easily be calculated from the logarithmic stability constant of the polyacid at the pH of the composition.

The essential enzyme components is represented by an alkaline protease having an isoelectric point of greater than 8. The enzyme is present in an amount from 0.001% to 2%, preferably from 0.005% to 0.8% especially from 0.02% to 0.2%.

The alkaline proteases herein have an iso-electric point greater than 8. The iso-electric point, can be determined by electrophoresis on agarose thereby using the technique described by R.J. WIEME, in AGAR GEL ELECTROPHORESIS, Elsevier Publ. Comp.

1965. "Greater" with respect to the numerical value of the iso-electric point refers to the absolute value of the iso-electric point. The most preferred proteolytic enzyme preparations for use in this invention are derived from bacillus subtilis such as for example ALCALASE - registered Trade Made - manufactured by NOVO INDUSTRI A/S, and MAXATASE registered Trade Mark - manufactured by GIST-BROCADES N.V. The Netherlands.

These most preferred enzyme species have an iso-electric point in the range from 8.5 to 9.2.

An essential condition of the present invention is that the compositions have a pH within the range of from 6 to 7.5, preferably between 6.0 and 7.

Compositions containing the essential components of the present invention but having a pH below 6 can present processing difficulties, especially in respect to the incorporation of stilbene-tvpe brightener.

Compositions containing the essential components but having a pH above 7.5 do not anymore provide the full benefits of the invention.

The liquid, organic carriers or solvents, which should not chemically react with any of the components of the instant compositions, are selected from aliphatic alcohols having from 2 to 6 carbon atoms and 1 to 3 hydroxyl groups; and mixtures thereof. The organic co-solvent usually represents from 2^Xs-15% of the detergent composition.

Suitable examples of C,-C, aliphatic alcohols useful in the instant compositions are ethanol, n-propanol, isopropanol and butanol; 1.2-propanediol, 1,3-propanediol, and n-hexanol.

Ilydrotropes that can be used in the instant compositions are the water-soluble alkylaryl sulfonates having up to 3 carbon atoms in an alkyl group such as sodium, potassium, ammonium and ethanol amine salts of xylene-, toluene-, ethylbenzene- and isopropylbenzene sulfonic acids.

They are preferably used in compositions containing, in addition, an organic, synthetic, anitinic surfactant of the sulfonate type.

A desirable component for addition herein can be represented by a suitable opacifier. It contributes to create I uniform aesthetical appearance of the subject technology on commercialization. Examples of suitabfle opacifiers include polystyrene commercially known as LYTRON 621 and LYTRON 607 manufactured by MONSANTO Chemical Corporation. It has bcen found that the LYTRON opacifiers can be incorporated in the compositions of this invention only in presence of the polyacid i.e., the opacifier precipitates in the compositions herein which do not contain the polyacids.

Optional components include brighteners, fluorescers, antimicrobial agents, suds regulating agents (inclusive of suds-suppressors and suds-boosters) and perfumes.

Such components preferably comprise not more than 5% by weight of the total compositions. One particular advantage of the instant compositions is that the hardly watcr-soluble brighteners and fluorescers can be added either directly to the compositions, i.e., as such, or during any step of the formulation process.

The suds-suppressors can be represented by substantially hydrogenated fatty acids having from 16 to 24 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbyl chain, for example, hydrogenated fish oil, and/or by a silicone suds suppressant as for example described in pending British patent applicíltion No senal 57/76, No 1562801 entitled "Liquid Detergent Composition" filing date 7nd January 1976, incorporated herein by reference.

Additional examples illustrating the invention are described hereinafter.

Ingredient Composition (in %) A B - tricthanolamine salt of a linear 2() 20 alkylbeozene sulfonic acid wherein the alkyl chain averages 11,7 carbon atoms - condensation product of branched (72%) 20 fitty alcohol having from 16 to 19 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and II moles of ethylene oxide - condensation product of branched (6()%) 10 fatty alcohol having from 12 to 15 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and 4 moles of ethylene oxide - proteolytic enzyme (MAXATASE. 15% pure 0.4 0.4 enzvme) - condensation product of 1: :1 blend of - 30 C1,-C1 fatty alcohol and 7 moles of ethylene oxide - ethanol 10 10 - optical brightener (Stilbene type) 0.25 0.25 - triethanolamine (free) --------- 1 to 2 ---------- to adjust composition to pH: 7 pH: 6.5 - 9:1 mixture of diniethylpolysiloxane 0. 1 0.2 and aerogel silica emulsified in ethoxylated fatty acid (1)OW C'OKNING DB 31) - Water ----- Balance to 100---- These liquid detergent compositions contained 4 millimoles/litre of calcium ions originating from the enzyme preparition.

Samples of above composition A and B were complemented through the addition of a polyacid - Composition A B 1 2 3 1 2 3 - citric acid 0.5 - - 0.50 - - - ethylenediamine tetra- - 0.35 - - 0.35 methylene phosphonic acid The testing results (accelerated storage 45 C: 36 hours) were as follows: Composition A B 1 2 3 1 2 3 residual enzyme activity 42 44 38 66 54 52 product appearance clear clear cloudy clear clear cloudy performance on bleach- 4.5 4.8 3.9 3.45 4.5 2.8 sensitive stains The performance on bleach-sensitive stains was assessed by visual examination by reference to a scale from 0 to 5 whereby 0 indicates no removal and 5 complete removal.

The method is fully described in concurrently filed patent application no. 9257/76 serial no.

1569617 already referred to previously.

In respect to the above results, it is noteworthy that the performance on bleach-sensitive stains for composition A1/2 and B1:2 is significantly superior over what is obtained from A3 and R3 which do not contain the combination of enzyme and polyacid.

A liquid detergent composition was prepared by mixing the following ingredients Ingredients Composition A in % - triethanolamine salt of a linear alkyl- 20 benzene sulfonic acid, wherein the alkyl chain averages 11.7 carbon atoms in length - condensation product of branched(72%) fatty 20 alcohol having from 16 to 19 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and 11 moles of ethylene oxide - condensation product of branched(60%)fatty 10 alcohol having from 12 to 15 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and 4 moles of ethylene oxide - ethanol 10 - optical brightener (Stilbene type) 0.25 - proteolytic enzyme (commercial enzyme pre- 0.4 paration containing 15% pure enzyme) - 9::1 mixture of dimethylpolysiloxane and 0.1 aerogel silica cmulsified in C12-C16 fatty acid - ethoxylated - free triethanolamine 1 to 2 (adjust to pH 7) - water balance to 100 - calcium ions 4 millimoles/litre of composition Polyacids were added to composition A in the amounts indicated. The composition was then evaluated for product appearance and residual enzyme active thereby using the techniques applied in the preceding example.

The testing results were A Polyacid 1 2 3 no polyacid 0 ethylenediaminetetramethylene - 0.35% phosphonic acid nitrilotriacetic acid - - 0.75% storage : 65 hours at 45 C residual enzyme activity 24 27 36 product appearance cloudy clear clear Identical compositions were prepared wherein the suds regulating system in addition to the silicone component contained from 0.05ago to 1%, preferably from 0.2% to 0.7% of a substantially hydrogenated fatty acid having from 16 to 24 carbon atoms in the fatty alkyl (hydrocarbyl) chain. These compositions comprising the silicone/saturated fatty acid suds regulator do provide the inventive benefits of this invention.The silicone co-suds regulating component is normally present in an amount of up to 0.5%, preferably from 0.01% to 0.2Cr.

It is noteworthy that in presence of the pre-emulsified silicone/fatty acid suds regulating system, the free-calcium will not react with the fatty acid to thus form unsightly precipitates in the claimed compositions.

The following liquid detergent composition was prepared by mixing the ingredients in the specified amounts.

Ingredients Composition (in %) - triethanolamine salt of a linear alkyl- 20 benzene sulfonic acid wherein the alkyl chain averages 11.7 carbon atoms - condensation product of branched(7'%) fatty 20 alcohol having from 16 to 19 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and 11 moles of ethylene oxide - condensation product of branched(60%) fatty 10 alcohol having from 12 to 15 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and 4 moles of ethylene oxide - proteolytic enzyme (MAXATASE. 15% pure 0.4 enzyme) - ethanol 10 - optical brightener (Stilbene type) 0.25 - triethanolamine (free) 1 to 2 to adjust to pH 7 - 9:1 mixture of dimethylpolysiloxane and 0.1 aerogel silica emulsified in highly etho xylated fatty acid (DOW CORNING :DB 31) - water balance to 100 The finished detergent composition contains 4 millimoles calcium ions originating from the proteolytic enzyme preparation.

Varying levels of polvacids were added as listed : the residual enzyme activity and the product appearance after 36 hours at 44"C were as follows residual enzyme activity Product Polyacid % (in % of initial appearance activity) Ethvlenediaminetetramethv- 0.35 49 clear lenephosphonic acid (EDTMP) citric acid 0.50 36 clear EDTMP + 0 3 58 clear citric acid 0.2 58 clear none - 33 cloudy A liquid detergent composition according to this invention was prepared by mixing the following ingredients Ingredient Composition (in %) -linear alkyl benzene sulfonic acid (alkyl chain averages 11.7 carbon atoms in length) 13.7 -triethanolamine 8.5 -condensation product of branched (72%) fatty alcohol having from 16 to 19 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain, and 11 moles of ethylene oxide 20.0 -condensation product of branched (60%) fatty alcohol having from 12 to 15 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and 4 moles of ethylene oxide 10.0 -proteolvtic enzyme (Maxatase-containing 1.5 Anson unit/gram) 1.0 -ethanol 10.0 -Clx-C24 saturated fatty acid 0.5 -9:1 mixture of dimethylpolysiloxane and aerogel silica emulsified in ethoxylated fatty acid 0.1 -total calcium see below -polyacid see below -water and minors inclusive of pH 7 regulator and brightener balance of 100 The compositions of this invention were completed by adding polyacids and by adjusting the total calcium to reach the levels indicated.

Polyacid % Total Calcium (millimoles) a) no - 4 b) no - 8 c) Citric acid 1 10 d) Citric acid ().5 6 EDTMP 0.5 e) EDTMP 1 5 f) Citric acid 0.5 5 g) Diethylene triamine 1 10 pentamethylene phosphonic acid h) Hexamethvlene diamine 0.5 4 tetramethylphosphonic acid It was found that the compositions of this invention (c through h) were free of precipitates whereas prior art compositions were cloudy. The residual enzymatic activity (under accelerated storage conditions 2 weeks; 35"C) of inventive compositions c-h was significantly superior over what was found for state of the compositions a and b.

WHAT WE CLAIM IS: 1. A homogeneous liquid substantially unbuilt enzymatic detergent composition having enhanced cleaning performance and storage stability, consisting essentially of a) from 35% to 75% by weight of a surfactant mixture comprising an ethoxylated non-ionic surfactant and an anionic synthetic surfactant wherein the weight ratio of said non-ioninc surfactant to said anionic surfactant is in the range from 1:1 to 5:1; b) from 0.05C/e to 1.5% by weight of a polyacid capable of forming water-soluble Ca-complexes:: c) from 0.5 millimole to 15 millimoles/liter of composition of free calcium ions; d) from 0.001% to 2% by weight of an alkaline proteolytic enzyme having an iso-electric point of greater than 8; e) a liquid solvent system comprising water and from 2% to 15% by weight of a C2 to C6 aliphatic alcohol having 1 to 3 hydroxyl groups the pH of the composition being within the range from 6.0 to 7.5.

2. The composition in accordance with claim 1 wherein said polyacid is present in an amount from 0.05cm to 1.0% by weight. said polyacid being capable of providing an enzyme stability which is about equivalent to the enzyme stability provided by adding from 0.3-0.6%, particularly 0.5% by weight citric acid, said enzyme stability for the polyacid and the citric acid being determined in substantially identical compositions of this invention.

**WARNING** end of DESC field may overlap start of CLMS **.

Claims (9)

**WARNING** start of CLMS field may overlap end of DESC **. -ethanol 10.0 -Clx-C24 saturated fatty acid 0.5 -9:1 mixture of dimethylpolysiloxane and aerogel silica emulsified in ethoxylated fatty acid 0.1 -total calcium see below -polyacid see below -water and minors inclusive of pH 7 regulator and brightener balance of 100 The compositions of this invention were completed by adding polyacids and by adjusting the total calcium to reach the levels indicated. Polyacid % Total Calcium (millimoles) a) no - 4 b) no - 8 c) Citric acid 1 10 d) Citric acid ().5 6 EDTMP 0.5 e) EDTMP 1 5 f) Citric acid 0.5 5 g) Diethylene triamine 1 10 pentamethylene phosphonic acid h) Hexamethvlene diamine 0.5 4 tetramethylphosphonic acid It was found that the compositions of this invention (c through h) were free of precipitates whereas prior art compositions were cloudy. The residual enzymatic activity (under accelerated storage conditions 2 weeks; 35"C) of inventive compositions c-h was significantly superior over what was found for state of the compositions a and b. WHAT WE CLAIM IS:
1. A homogeneous liquid substantially unbuilt enzymatic detergent composition having enhanced cleaning performance and storage stability, consisting essentially of a) from 35% to 75% by weight of a surfactant mixture comprising an ethoxylated non-ionic surfactant and an anionic synthetic surfactant wherein the weight ratio of said non-ioninc surfactant to said anionic surfactant is in the range from 1:1 to 5:1; b) from 0.05C/e to 1.5% by weight of a polyacid capable of forming water-soluble Ca-complexes:: c) from 0.5 millimole to 15 millimoles/liter of composition of free calcium ions; d) from 0.001% to 2% by weight of an alkaline proteolytic enzyme having an iso-electric point of greater than 8; e) a liquid solvent system comprising water and from 2% to 15% by weight of a C2 to C6 aliphatic alcohol having 1 to 3 hydroxyl groups the pH of the composition being within the range from 6.0 to 7.5.
2. The composition in accordance with claim 1 wherein said polyacid is present in an amount from 0.05cm to 1.0% by weight. said polyacid being capable of providing an enzyme stability which is about equivalent to the enzyme stability provided by adding from 0.3-0.6%, particularly 0.5% by weight citric acid, said enzyme stability for the polyacid and the citric acid being determined in substantially identical compositions of this invention.
3. The composition in accordance with claim 2 wherein the calcium complexes of the
polyacid have a stability constant the logarithmic value of which is above 1.5 at the pH of the composition.
4. The composition in accordance with any one of the preceding claims wherein the surfactant mixture is present in an amount from 40% to 55% by weight, the wcight ratio of said nonionic surfactant to said anionic surfactant being in the range from 1:1 to 3:1.
5. The composition in accordance with any one of the preceding claims wherein the free-calcium ions are present in an amount from 1.5 millimoles to 1() millimoles.
6. The composition in accordance with any one of the preceding claims wherein the proteolitic enzyme is present in an amount from 0.005% to O.X by weight.
7. The composition in accordance with any one of the preceding claims which in addition comprises a suds regulating system consisting of : (a) from 0.01 to 0.2% by weight of silicone: and (b) from 0.05% to 1% by weight of a saturated fatty acid having from 16 to 24 carbon atoms in the fatty alkyl chain.
8. The composition in accordance with any one of the preceding claims wherein the polyacid is selected from ethylenediamine tetrimethylenephosphonic acid; hexamethylene diaminetetramethylenephosphonic acid; diethylene triaminepentamethylenephosphonic acid: and aminotrimethylenephosphonic acid.
9. The composition in accordance with claim I substantially as hereinbefore described specifically.
GB925876A 1976-03-08 1976-03-08 Liqid enzyme containing detergent composition Expired GB1572605A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB925876A GB1572605A (en) 1976-03-08 1976-03-08 Liqid enzyme containing detergent composition
IT4831277A IT1106254B (en) 1976-03-08 1977-03-04 A liquid detergent composition containing enzymes
DE19772709476 DE2709476A1 (en) 1976-03-08 1977-03-04 Liquid technical, enzyme-containing washing and cleaning products
US05/775,213 US4111855A (en) 1976-03-08 1977-03-07 Liquid enzyme containing detergent composition
BE175542A BE852170A (en) 1976-03-08 1977-03-07 A process for the preparation of a liquid
CH279677A CH627780A5 (en) 1976-03-08 1977-03-07 Homogeneous liquid washing and cleaning agents.
FR7706663A FR2343805B1 (en) 1976-03-08 1977-03-07
JP2535177A JPS609080B2 (en) 1976-03-08 1977-03-08
AT153777A AT383364B (en) 1976-03-08 1977-03-08 Liquid technical, enzyme-containing washing and cleaning products
NL7702464A NL7702464A (en) 1976-03-08 1977-03-08 A process for the preparation of a liquid enzyme-containing detergent composition.

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2126242A (en) * 1982-08-30 1984-03-21 Colgate Palmolive Co Stabilized enzyme-containing detergent compositions
GB2245000B (en) * 1987-09-17 1992-06-03 Colgate Palmolive Co Liquid detergent composition
DE19928923A1 (en) * 1999-06-24 2000-12-28 Cognis Deutschland Gmbh Foam-controlled solid laundry detergent containing surfactants and antifoam, useful in domestic laundry, contains (poly)ethylene glycol monoethers with mixture of long-chain alk(en)yl groups as nonionic surfactants
WO2006044952A1 (en) * 2004-10-18 2006-04-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Compositions for cleaning with softened water
WO2009140481A1 (en) * 2008-05-14 2009-11-19 Novozymes A/S Liquid detergent compositions

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2126242A (en) * 1982-08-30 1984-03-21 Colgate Palmolive Co Stabilized enzyme-containing detergent compositions
GB2168375A (en) * 1982-08-30 1986-06-18 Colgate Palmolive Co Stabilized enzyme-containing detergent compositions
GB2168376A (en) * 1982-08-30 1986-06-18 Colgate Palmolive Co Stabilized enzyme-containing detergent compositions
GB2245000B (en) * 1987-09-17 1992-06-03 Colgate Palmolive Co Liquid detergent composition
DE19928923A1 (en) * 1999-06-24 2000-12-28 Cognis Deutschland Gmbh Foam-controlled solid laundry detergent containing surfactants and antifoam, useful in domestic laundry, contains (poly)ethylene glycol monoethers with mixture of long-chain alk(en)yl groups as nonionic surfactants
WO2006044952A1 (en) * 2004-10-18 2006-04-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Compositions for cleaning with softened water
WO2009140481A1 (en) * 2008-05-14 2009-11-19 Novozymes A/S Liquid detergent compositions
US8691743B2 (en) 2008-05-14 2014-04-08 Novozymes A/S Liquid detergent compositions

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