US3676374A - Enzyme-containing liquid detergent compositions - Google Patents

Enzyme-containing liquid detergent compositions Download PDF

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US3676374A
US3676374A US3676374DA US3676374A US 3676374 A US3676374 A US 3676374A US 3676374D A US3676374D A US 3676374DA US 3676374 A US3676374 A US 3676374A
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carbon atoms
sulfonate
carbon atom
liquid detergent
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Wahib Nassif Zaki
Daniel Guy Jean Biard
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Procter and Gamble Co
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/38Products with no well-defined composition, e.g. natural products
    • C11D3/386Preparations containing enzymes, e.g. protease, amylase
    • C11D3/38618Protease or amylase in liquid compositions only
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/29Sulfates of polyoxyalkylene ethers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/37Mixtures of compounds all of which are anionic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/83Mixtures of non-ionic with anionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/38Products with no well-defined composition, e.g. natural products
    • C11D3/386Preparations containing enzymes, e.g. protease, amylase
    • C11D3/38663Stabilised liquid enzyme compositions

Abstract

Liquid detergent compositions comprising a mixture of from about 2 percent to about 35 percent of an alkane sulfonate, alphaolefin sulfonate, or mixtures thereof having from about 10 to about 26 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain; from about 2 percent to about 30 percent of an ethoxylated alcohol or alkyl phenol or sulfate thereof; and from about 0.001 percent to about 5.0 percent of enzyme. The detergent compositions have desirable enzyme activity upon storage and exhibit desirable levels of soil-removal performance.

Description

United States Patent 1 1 3,676,374 Zaki et al. [451 July 1 l, 1972 1 ENZYME-CONTAINING LIQUID [56] References Cited DETERGENT COMPOSITIONS UNITED STATES PATENTS [72] Inventors: Wahib Namif Zak]; Daniel Guy Jean 3,332,876 7/1967 Walker ..252/ 152 Bi d, b h f B ll Belgium 3,332,880 7/1967 Kessler et a1 ..252/161 3,325,364 6/1967 Merritt et a1 167/73 [73] Assignee: The Procter 8i Gamble Company, Cincinnati, Ohio FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 22 i 10, 1970 1,678,837 6/ 1969 South Africa I pp 91,596 Primary Examiner-Leon D. Rosdol Assistant Examiner-Harris A. Pitlick Foreign Applicaflon Priority Data Attorney-Louis G. Xiarhos and Richard C. W|tte Nov. 25, 1969 Luxembourg ..59 883 1571 ABSTRACT Liquid detergent compositions comprising a mixture of from [52] US. Cl ,.252/55l, 252/532, 252/533, about 2 percent to about 35 percent of an alkane sulfonate, 252/535, 252/536, 252/552, 252/554, 252/555, alpha-olefin sulfonate, or mixtures thereof having from about 252/DlG. 12 10 to about 26 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain; from 51 1 rm, Cl. ..Clld l/37, c1 1d l/83 about 2 percent to about 30 percent of an othoxylated alcohol [58] Field of Search ..252/D1G. 12, 532, 533, 536, or alkyl Phenol of sulfate thereof; and fmm 0.001 P"- cent to about 5.0 percent of enzyme. The detergent compositions have desirable enzyme activity upon storage and exhibit desirable levels of soil-removal performance.

6 Claims, No Drawings EN ZYME-CONTAINING LIQUID DETERGENT COMPOSITIONS This invention pertains to liquid detergent compositions containing enzymes, particularly proteases.

It is well known that the formulation of enzyme containing liquid detergent compositions is a very delicate task due to the rapid decrease of the enzymatic activity in aqueous medium during storage. In fact, the difficulties flowing from the inherent losses in enzymatic activity are such that until now, this problem could not be solved satisfactorily. The significance of these obstacles will even be better understood when considering that the desirability of formulating liquid detergent compositions containing enzymes has long been known. The absence of any practical solution tothis highly unsatisfactory enzymatic activity retention in aqueous detergent medium confirms all the more the difficulties in selectively formulating liquid detergent compositions containing enzymes which might be of commercial interest.

Tl-IE PRIOR ART The state of the art is scattered with respect to this particular aspect of detergent technology. So, for example, it is known from Dutch Pat. application No. 66.08106 that proteolytic enzymes do only have a limited stability in aqueous medium. In addition to this, itis'expressed that most detergent ingredients such as phosphates, carbonates, and sulfates have an adverse effect on the activity of these enzymes as well as on their stability in detergent solution. This reference amounts to an explanation why (proteolytic) enzymes are until now only incorporated into granular detergent compositions. No concrete solution however is suggested relative to the deficient stability. South African Pat. specification No. 67/6837 pertains to dishwashing compositions containing detergent active compounds, builders and amylases. The compositions, can; among others, be in liquid state but in that event, they contain alcohol in admixture with nonionics as stabilizing agent for the amylolytic activity. This use of alcohols, if desired, in admixture with nonionics as stabilizing agents for certain enzymes is also known from Dutch Pat. application No. 68.16356. 7

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It has now been found that enzyme containing liquid detergent compositions can be prepared having an unexpected storage stability and an unforeseeable soil-removal performance versus what can be obtained from enzyme-containing liquid detergent compositions currently known. These inventive liquid detergent compositions comprise a mixture of a. from about 2 percent to about 35 percent by weight of alkane sulfonates or alpha-olefin sulfonates or mixtures thereof, both having from about 10 about 26 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain;

b. from about 2 percent to about 30 percent by weight of a compound having the general formula:

wherein A represents an alkyl chain with from eight to 30 carbon atoms or an alkyl phenyl with from three to 22 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain; B an alkyleneoxy radical, n an integer from one to 30 and X represents either hydroxyl, or a sulfate radical; and

c. from about 0.001 percent to about 5.0 percent by weight of enzyme.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Ingredient AE,,X should be present in an amount from about 2 percent to about 30 percent by weight and preferably from about 5 percent to about percent by weight. The lower limit reflects'minimum perceptible performance while the 30 percent upper limit has been set so that any additional incorporation of AE,,X is only likely to result in an expected performance increase. The radical A can be an alkyl chain with from about eight to about 30 carbon atoms, preferably from about 10 to about 16 carbon atoms. In the event A is an alkyl phenyl radical, the alkyl group should contain from about three to about 22 carbon atoms, and preferably from about six to about 12 carbon atoms. E represents a poly(alkyleneoxy) radical preferably derived from ethylene oxide or propylene oxide or mixtures of both, while n stands for an integer in the range from one to 30, preferably two to 18. X represents either a hydroxyl or a sulfate radical.

The preferred surface-active agents, corresponding to the general formula AE X, suitable for being used in the compositions claimed are derived from the condensation products of fatty alcohols with from about two to about 18 moles of ethylene oxide, either bearing a terminal hydroxyl radical or being present in its sulfated form. Particularly preferred are the alkali metal and ammonium salts of the sulfated condensation product of one mole of a mixture of straight chain C to C alcohols with three moles of ethylene oxide.

The percent compositions should contain from about 2 percent to about 35 percent by weight, preferably from about 10 percent to about 25 percent by weight, of alkane sulfonates or alpha-olefin sulfonates or mixtures thereof, both having from about 10 to about 26 carbon atoms, preferably from about 12 to about 20 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain. The alkane sulfonates (paraffin sulfonates) can, for example, be prepared by the sulfoxidation process. The reaction product obtained from that process after neutralization and purification steps at temperatures in the range from 200 C to 300 C is present as an anhydrous melt having about the following compositions: alkane mono-sulfonates, from 81 to 83 percent; alkane disulfonates, from 10 to 12 percent; non-reacted paraffin, 1 percent; sodium sulfate, about 6 percent. The preferred alkane sulfonate of this invention has the following chain distribution: C alkane sulfonate: 5 percent; C alkane sulfonate: 16 percent; C alkane sulfonate: 30 percent; C alkanesulfonate: 30 percent; C alkane sulfonate: 15 percent; C alkane sulfonate: 4 percent. The alkane sulfonates used in all the Examples correspond to this composition.

The preferred olefin sulfonate actives are described in detail in U.S. Pat. No. 3,332,880 issued July 25, 1967 to Kessler et a1. They consist of a mixture of from about 30 to 70 percent of Component A, preferably 35 to 65 percent; about 20 to 70 percent of Component B, preferably 25 to 60 percent; and about 2 to 15 percent of Component C, preferably 3 to 12 percent.

Component A is a mixture of double-bond positional isomers of water-soluble salts of alkene-l-sulfonic acids containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, said mixture of positional isomers including about 10 percent to about 25 percent of an alpha-beta unsaturated isomer, about 30 percent to about 70 percent of a beta-gamma unsaturated isomer, about 5 percent to about 25 percent of a gamma-delta unsaturated isomer, and about 5 percent to about 10 percent of a delta-epsilon unsaturated isomer. Component B is a mixture of water-soluble salts of bifunctionally-substituted sulfur-containing saturated aliphatic compounds containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, the functional units being hydroxy and sulfonate radicals with the sulfonate radical always being on the terminal carbon and the hydroxyl radical being attached to a carbon atom at least two carbon atoms removed from the terminal carbon atom, at least percent of the hydroxy radical substitutions being in the 3, 4-, and 5-- positions. Component C is a mixture comprising from about 30 percent to percent water-soluble salts of alkene disulfonates containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, and from about 5 percent to about 70 percent watersoluble salts of hydroxy disulfonates containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, said alkene disulfonates containing a sulfonate group attached to a terminal carbon atom and a second sulfonate group attached to an internal carbon atom not more than about six carbon atoms removed from said terminal carbon atom, the alkene double bond being distributed between the terminal carbon atom and about the seventh carbon atom, said hydroxy disulfonates being saturated aliphatic compounds having a sulfonate radical attached to a terminal carbon, a second sulfonate group attached to an internal carbon atom not more than about six carbon atoms removed from said terminal carbon atom, and a hydroxy group attached to a carbon atom which is not more than about four carbon atoms removed from the site of attachment of said second sulfonate group.

The enzymes suitable for being incorporated into the inventive compositions can be of any origin, although they are mostly of animal and vegetable and particularly of bacterial origin. The enzyme preparations considered are mostly constituted by a mixture of different active substances all of which are characterized by a very specific enzymatic activity. They can be classified according to their activity. Examples of such sub-classes of enzymes are proteases, carbohydrases, esterases, oxydo-reductases, catalysases, peroxydases, ureases, demolases, isomerases, nucleases and so on. As referred to hereinbefore, commercial enzyme preparations are seldom pure but constitute a mixture of different types of enzymes. Preferred for use in the detergent compositions of this invention are proteolytic enzyme preparations. A preferred enzyme component is a proteolytic enzyme, a serine protease. It is commercially available under the tradename of ALCALASE' and manufactured by Novo lndustri A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark. Other enzyme preparations being almost identical to ALCALASE for use in the detergent compositions of this invention are:

proteolytic enzyme derived from the genus Bacillus; this component is described in US. Pat. application Ser. No. 761,546, filed on Sept. 23, 1968, and has been deposited under the number 147 with The National Collection of Industrial Bacteria, Torry Research Station, Aberdeen Scotland.

protease mixture derived from Bacillus subtilis as sold by KALl CHEMIE, Germany.

Takeda Fungal Alkaline Protease; Takeda Chemical Industries Ltd. Osaka, Japan.

The enzyme is to be used in a quantity of from about 0.005 percent to about 5 percent by weight of the composition. A preferred range includes a quantity of from about 0.1 percent to about l.5 percent by weight of the enzyme preparation. Several non-proteolytic enzyme components can be mixed in wide ranges with the proteases species for use in the preferred embodiments of this invention. So for example, amylolytic enzyme preparations can advantageously be added. A- MYLASE THC-250" manufactured by Rapidase, Seclin, France, represents an example of an amylolytic enzyme suitable for being used.

In addition to the essential ingredients listed hereinbefore, the inventive compositions can contain usual amounts of other ingredients and/or minor additives, all having well-defined functions in detergent technology and all being frequently present in the type of detergent compositions claimed. So, these compositions can contain solubilizing compounds which contribute in maintaining a uniform liquid detergent composition even during prolonged storage. From zero to percent of the solubilizing compounds are usually incorporated into liquid detergent compositions. Typical examples suitable for the compositions claimed are the sodium salts of benzene sulfonate, toluene sulfonate, and xylene sulfonate. Lower alcohols can also satisfactorily be used, preferably those having from one through five carbon atoms.

Alkaline detergent builders can be employed in the compositions of this invention. In the event such builders are employed, their quantity does not normally exceed 20 percent because of the phase-stability problem which might flow from the use of higher quantities. Specific examples of inorganic builders suitable for use herein are alkali metal carbonates, phosphates, polyphosphates and silicates. The potassium and sodium salts of these builders are, for solubility reasons, the most suitable ones. Useful alkaline organic builders include the polyphosphonates, poly-acetates and polycarboxylates. Examples of polyphosphonates include the sodium and potassium salts of ethylene diphosphonic acid, ethane-l-hydroxy- 1,1-diphosphonic acid and ethane-l,l,2-triphosphonic acid. Polyacetate builders useful herein include the sodium, potassium, lithium, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts of ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid; N-(2-hydroxyethyl)- ethylene diamine triacetic acid; N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-nitrilo diacetic acid; diethylenetriamine; and pentacetic acid. Watersoluble salts of polycarboxylate builders can also be used in these compositions. They are described in more detail in Us. Pat. No. 3,308,067.

Enzyme-stabilizing agents in a quantity from 0 to 5 percent can also be used in the liquid detergent compositions of this invention. They have been found to be quite useful as they tend to improve the performance and particularly the storage stability advantages obtainable from the liquid detergent compositions claimed. Water-soluble calcium and magnesium chlorides, lactates and acetates represent the preferred stabilizing agents.

In addition, the liquid detergent compositions of the present invention can also contain other usual detergents additives not specifically referred to hereinbefore. For example, perfumes, anti-tarnishing agents, anti-redisposition agents, bacteriostatic agents, dyes, optical brighteners, fiuorescers, suds depressors, suds boosters and the like can all be utilized herein without detracting from the advantageous stability and performance properties of the compositions of this invention.

The following Examples are illustrative of, but not limitative of, the claimed invention.

TEST METHOD The performance advantages of the enzyme-containing detergent compositions of the invention are apparent from their use in the decomposition of standardized amounts of soil. In more detail, egg-soiled microscopic slides are immersed in a water-diluted solution of the test detergent composition. This detergent solution is then stirred and kept at 50 C by the aid of a heater-stirrer. The egg-soil testing slides are prepared by dipping microscopic slides into an intimately mixed yolk and egg-white. Then the slides are dried during 45 minutes at 50 C and cooked for half an hour at 105 C. The enzymatic activity is expressed as the average time required for achieving percent soil-removal (T Day-to-day variation of testing results are minimized by carrying out a reference run with a solution containing standardized amounts of surface-actives and enzymes.

The enzymatic activity can advantageously be expressed as a cleaning index" (Cl) corresponding to the following definition:

T117, of reference solution 00= Tm, of test solution l This cleaning index comes actually quite close to the real enzymatic activity in washing solution under current usage conditions and is not affected by uncontrollable day-to-day variations.

EXAMPLE I The cleaning performance superiority of the compositions claimed is readily recognizable from the following testing results. These experiments have been carried out with a set of conditions as listed washing solution prepared by city water at 20 grains/gallon These results show the performance advantages achievable by the use of enzymes in combination with the detergent combinations of this invention.

EXAMPLE I1 The inventive performance advantages are brought into prominence by comparing the Cls (cleaning indexes) measured for various active systems.

The test conditions are as indicated in Example 1 except for what concerns the product concentration in solution which is 0.25 percent by weight.

, by weight surfactant in finished Surfactant system product Cl (a) linearC alkyl benzene-sulfonate-Na 20 sulfated (ethoxy) -Coconut alcohol-Na 20 100 (b) alkanesulfonate-Na (C 20 sulfatcd (ethoxy),-coconut alcohol-Na 20 300 (c) olefin sulfonate-Na (C 20 sulfated (ethoxy) -coconut alcohol-Na 20 380 (d) linear C alkyl benzene sulfonate-Na 20 sulfate-(ethoxyh, coconut alcohol-N a 20 100 (e) olefin sulfonate-Na (C 20 sulfated (ethoxyh, 20 400 coconut alcohol-Na (f) alkanesulfonate-Na C1545) 20 sulfated (ethoxyh-coconut 20 condensate of tallow alcohol with 11 moles of ethylene oxide 330 (g) linear C alkyl 40 benzene sulfonate-Na condensate of tallow alcohol with l 1 moles of ethylene oxide 10 100 and also wasunforeseeable.

EXAMPLE I11 Different enzyme preparations have successively been incorporated into a liquid detergent composition with the following detergent system.

alkanesulfonate-Na (C 20% by weight sulfated (ethoxyk-coconut alcohol-Na 20% by weight The test conditions and the reference sample composition are the same as for Example I.

1.5 derived from Bacillus Y sub,tilis (KALl)" ALCALASE 1.5 12.5 90 MONSANTO DA-l O 1.8 12.5 KALl 1.5 12.5

The CI values confirm that the active system is efiective with difierent types of enzymes.

EXAMPLE lV/A Liquid detergent compositions were used for comparative performance testing thereby maintaining the following conditrons:

washing solutions prepared with city water 20 grains/gallon hardness solution pH 7.0

temperature: 50 C finished product concentration in solution: 0.25 percent enzyme concentration in washing solution: 25 ppm AL- CALASE (1.5 AU/g) by weight in Ingredients finished product C1 (a) linear C alkyl benzene sulfonate-Na 20 condensate of monylphenol with 9 moles of ethylene oxide 10 (b) alkanesulfonate-Na (C 20 condensate of nonylphenol with 9 moles of ethylene oxide 10 200 "as sold by KALl CHEMIE, Germany EXAMPLE lV/B same conditions as example lV/A above by weight in Ingredients finished product Cl (a) linear Cw, alkyl benzene sulfonate-Na 20 condensate of tallow alcohol with 25 moles of ethylene oxide 10 100 (b) alkanesulfonate-Na (C 20 condensate of tallow alcohol with 25 moles of ethylene oxide 10 The unexpected retention of enzymatic activity in liquid detergent compositions under prolonged storage conditions is apparent from the following Example.

EXAMPLE V Liquid detergent samples are stored during one week at 35 C. The enzymatic activity is determined before and after storage.

Detergent compositions tested:

active system: see below ethanol: 12 percent by weight enzyme preparation: 1 percent by weight ALCALASE 1.5

AU/g) pH of composition is within the range from 7.0 to 9.0 water: balance to 100.

of initial by wt. enzymatic actiactives in vity remaining Active System detergent after test (a) linear C alkyl benzene sulfonate Na salt 19 sulfated ethoxy coconut alcohol-Na salt 19 coconut monoethanolamide 2 25 (b) alkane sulfonate-Na salt (C sulfated (ethoxy) coconut alcohol-Na salt l9 coconut monoethanolamide 2 50 (c) olefin sulfonate-Na salt (C 19 sulfated (ethoxy), coconut alcohol-Na salt 19 coconut monoethanolamide 2 50 (d) C linear alkyl benzene 20 sulfonatc-Na salt condensate of nonylphenol with 9 moles of ethylene oxide 10 (e) alkane sulfonate-Na salt (Cm-in) 20 condensate of nonylphenol with 9 moles of ethylene oxide 10 50 (f) C, linear alkyl benzene sulfonate-Na salt 20 condensate oftallow alcohol with 25 moles of ethylene oxide 10 30 (g) alkane sulfonate-Na salt (C 2O condensate of tallow alcohol with 25 moles of ethylene oxide 55 The superior stabilization of the active enzymes in (b), (c),

(e) and (g) is related to the choice ofthe active system.

EXAMPLE Vl Liquid detergent compositions identical to those described in Example V, except that 0.5 percent by ,weight of Ca acetate is added, were used for comparative testing as indicated in Example V.

7: ofinitial 7% by wt. enzymatic actiactives in vity retained Active System detergent after test (a) linear alkylbenzenesulfonate Na-salt (C l9 sulfated (ethoxy);, coconut alcohol-Na salt l9 coconut monoethanolamide 2 25 (b) alkane sulfonate-Na salt 1548) l9 sulfated (ethoxy), coconut alcohol-Na salt 19 coconut monoethanolamide 2 85 These results show the increase in the stabilizing effect attained with the addition of a calcium salt to a composition as claimed.

EXAMPLE VlI/A The unforeseeable enzymatic stability can be enhanced as already apparent from Example Vl through the addition of calcium and/or magnesium salts to the composition claimed. The following data serve as a further illustration of this.

The active composition used corresponds to composition (b) of Example V containing ALCALASE as enzyme preparation.

pH liquid composition: 7.0

Stabilizer salt used in detergent at a level of 1.0 percent by weight.

storage temperature: 20 C.

ofinitial enzymatic Stabilizer Salt activity retained after 5 weeks Without 90 Calcium acetate 95 5() Magnesium acetate 95 EXAMPLE Vll/B The experimental conditions are the same as in Example Vll/A above except:

Storage temperature: 35 C.

in enzymatic activity Stabilizer Salt retained after 5 weeks Without 25 Calcium chloride 50 Calcium acetate Magnesium chloride 50 Magnesium acetate 55 o e e I The data show the stabilizing effect obtained from the inventive compositions through the addition of stabilizing salts. No effect is noticed, however, when these stabilizers salts are added to the compositions representing the state of the art.

7 EXAMPLE Vlll 0 Liquid detergent compositions were stored during two months at 20 C. The enzymatic activity is determined before and after storage.

Detergent compositions tested: 75

Active system: see below ethanol: 12 percent by weight enzyme preparation: 1 percent by weight ALCALASE 1.5

AU/g) pH of composition is within the range from 7.0 to 9.0 water: balance to 100 ofinitial by wt. enzymatic actives in activity Active System detergent retained (a) Linear C alkylbenzenesulfonate Na salt 20 Condensate of tallow alcohol with 25 moles of ethylene oxide I0 75 (b) Alkane sulfonate Na salt (C 20 Condensate of tallow alcohol with 25 moles ethylene oxide l0 (c) Linear C alkylbenzenesulfonate Na salt 20 Condensate of nonylphenol with 9 moles of ethylene oxide I0 75 (d) Alkane sulfonate Na salt (C 20 Condensate of nonylphenol with 9 moles of ethylene oxide I0 90 (c) Alkane sulfonate Na salt (C l9 Sulfatcd (ethoxy), coconut alcohol Na salt [9 Coconut monoethanolamide 2 9O at is claimed is:

by we ight of the detergent composition, a mixture of:

a. from about 2 percent to about 35 percent of an alkane sulfonate, or an alpha-olefin sulfonate which consists of a mixture of from about 30 percent to about 70 percent of Component A, from about 20 percent to about 70 perc l l ent of Component B, and from about 2 percent to about 5 percent of Component C, wherein said Component A is a mixture of double-bond positional isomers of water soluble salts of alkene-l-sulfonic acids containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, said mixture of positional isomers including about 10 percent to about 25 percent of an alpha-beta unsaturated isomer, about 30 percent to about 70 percent ofa beta-gamma unsaturated isomer, about 5 percent to about 25 percent of a gamma-delta unsaturated isomer, and about 5 percent to about 10 percent of a delta-epsilon unsaturated isomer;

. said Component B is a mixture of water soluble salts of bifunctionally-substituted sulfur-containing saturated aliphatic compounds, containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, the functional units being hydroxy and sulfonate radicals with the sulfonate radical always being on the terminal carbon and the hydroxyl radical being attached to a carbon atom at least two carbon atoms removed from the terminal carbon atom, at least 90 percent of the hydroxy radical substitutions being in the three, four, and five positions; and

. said Component C is a mixture comprising from about 30 percent water soluble salts of alkene disulfonates containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, and from about 5 percent to about 70 percent water soluble salts of hydroxy disulfonates containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, said alkene disulfonates containing a sulfonate group attached to a terminal carbon atom and a second sulfonate group attached to an internal carbon atom not more than about six carbon atoms removed from said terminal carbon atom, the alkene double bond being distributed between the terminal carbon atom and about the seventh carbon atom, said hydroxy disulfonates being saturated aliphatic compounds having a sulfonate radical attached to a terminal carbon, a second sulfonate group attached to an internal carbon atom not more than about six carbon atoms removed from said terminal carbon atom, and a hydroxy group attached to a carbon atom which is not more than about four carbon atoms removed from the site of attachment of said second sulfonate group or mixtures of said alkane sulfonate and said olefin sulfonate, said compounds having from about to about 26 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain;

(b) from about 2 percent to about 30 percent of a compound having the formula:

water.

2. The liquid detergent composition of claim I wherein component (a) is present in an amount from about 10 percent to about 25 percent and component (b) is present in an amount from about 5% to about 20 percent and wherein X is sulfate.

3. The liquid detergent composition of claim 2 wherein component (b) has from l0 to 16 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain.

4. The liquid detergent composition of claim 1 wherein the alkane sulfonate or alphaolefin sulfonate has from 12 20 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain.

5. The liquid detergent composition of claim 1 wherein the amount of proteolytic enzyme employed is from about 0.1 percent to about 2.0 percent.

6. The liquid detergent composition of claim 5 wherein the proteolytic enzyme is from Bacillus subtilis.

Claims (7)

  1. 2. The liquid detergent composition of claim 1 wherein component (a) is present in an amount from about 10 percent to about 25 percent and component (b) is present in an amount from about 5% to about 20 percent and wherein X is sulfate.
  2. 2. said Component B is a mixture of water soluble salts of bifunctionally-substituted sulfur-containing saturated aliphatic compounds, containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, the functional units being hydroxy and sulfonate radicals with the sulfonate radical always being on the terminal carbon and the hydroxyl radical being attached to a carbon atom at least two carbon atoms removed from the terminal carbon atom, at least 90 percent of the hydroxy radical substitutions being in the three, four, and five positions; and
  3. 3. said Component C is a mixture comprising from about 30 - 95 percent water soluble salts of alkene disulfonates containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, and from about 5 percent to about 70 percent water soluble salts of hydroxy disulfonates containing from about 10 to about 24 carbon atoms, said alkene disulfonates containing a sulfonate group attached to a terminal carbon atom and a second sulfonate group attached to an internal carbon atom not more than about six carbon atoms removed from said terminal carbon atom, the alkene double bond being distributed between the terminal carbon atom and about the seventh carbon atom, said hydroxy disulfonates being saturated aliphatic compounds having a sulfonate radical attached to a terminal carbon, a second sulfonate group attached to an internal carbon atom not more than about six carbon atoms removed from said terminal carbon atom, and a hydroxy group attached to a carbon atom which is not more than about four carbon atoms removed from the site of attachment of said second sulfonate group or mixtures of said alkane sulfonate and said olefin sulfonate, said compounds having from about 10 to about 26 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain; (b) from about 2 percEnt to about 30 percent of a compound having the formula: AEnX wherein A is alkyl of from eight to 30 carbon atoms or alkyl phenyl with from three to 22 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain; E is an alkyleneoxy radical selected from the group of ethyleneoxy and propyleneoxy; n is an integer from 1 - 30 and X is hydroxyl or sulfate; (c) from about 0.001 percent to about 5.0 percent of a proteolytic enzyme, and the balance of the composition to 100 percent being water.
  4. 3. The liquid detergent composition of claim 2 wherein component (b) has from 10 to 16 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain.
  5. 4. The liquid detergent composition of claim 1 wherein the alkane sulfonate or alpha-olefin sulfonate has from 12 - 20 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain.
  6. 5. The liquid detergent composition of claim 1 wherein the amount of proteolytic enzyme employed is from about 0.1 percent to about 2.0 percent.
  7. 6. The liquid detergent composition of claim 5 wherein the proteolytic enzyme is from Bacillus subtilis.
US3676374A 1969-11-25 1970-11-20 Enzyme-containing liquid detergent compositions Expired - Lifetime US3676374A (en)

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BE (1) BE759360A (en)
CA (1) CA941767A (en)
DE (1) DE2057754A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2072316A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1291163A (en)
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NL (1) NL165784C (en)

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3899448A (en) * 1972-02-07 1975-08-12 Albright & Wilson Detergent concentrate
US3979340A (en) * 1973-04-09 1976-09-07 Colgate-Palmolive Company Olefin sulfonate detergent compositions
US4006111A (en) * 1972-07-12 1977-02-01 Lever Brothers Company Production of alkane: olefin sulfonate mixtures by sequential sulfonation and sulfitation
US4040989A (en) * 1973-05-25 1977-08-09 Colgate-Palmolive Company Liquid detergent
US4102826A (en) * 1972-12-06 1978-07-25 Colgate-Palmolive Company Liquid detergent
US4111855A (en) * 1976-03-08 1978-09-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid enzyme containing detergent composition
US4169817A (en) * 1971-12-23 1979-10-02 Midwest Biochemical Corporation Liquid cleaning composition containing stabilized enzymes
US4243543A (en) * 1979-05-11 1981-01-06 Economics Laboratory, Inc. Stabilized liquid enzyme-containing detergent compositions
EP0028866A1 (en) * 1979-11-09 1981-05-20 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Stabilised aqueous enzyme composition containing formate and calcium ions
EP0028865A1 (en) * 1979-11-09 1981-05-20 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Homogeneous enzyme-containing liquid detergent compositions containing saturated fatty acids
US4272396A (en) * 1978-12-05 1981-06-09 The Lion Fat & Oil Co., Ltd. Enzyme-containing detergent composition
US4287082A (en) * 1980-02-22 1981-09-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Homogeneous enzyme-containing liquid detergent compositions containing saturated acids
US4287101A (en) * 1979-10-29 1981-09-01 The Lion Fat & Oil Co., Ltd. Enzyme-containing detergent composition
US4305837A (en) * 1980-10-30 1981-12-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Stabilized aqueous enzyme composition
US4318818A (en) * 1979-11-09 1982-03-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Stabilized aqueous enzyme composition
US4391745A (en) * 1979-03-09 1983-07-05 Diamalt Aktiengesellschaft Desizing agent and process for preparation thereof
US4511490A (en) * 1983-06-27 1985-04-16 The Clorox Company Cooperative enzymes comprising alkaline or mixtures of alkaline and neutral proteases without stabilizers
US4548727A (en) * 1983-10-06 1985-10-22 The Drackett Company Aqueous compositions containing stabilized enzymes
US4675128A (en) * 1984-12-31 1987-06-23 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Alkane sulfonates as viscosity regulators
US4692275A (en) * 1986-04-23 1987-09-08 Lever Brothers Company Detergent compositions containing an alkylbenzene sulfonate and alcohol ethoxysulfate surfactant system
US4711739A (en) * 1986-12-18 1987-12-08 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Enzyme prespotter composition stabilized with water insoluble polyester or polyether polyol
US5269960A (en) * 1988-09-25 1993-12-14 The Clorox Company Stable liquid aqueous enzyme detergent
US5275753A (en) * 1989-01-10 1994-01-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Stabilized alkaline liquid detergent compositions containing enzyme and peroxygen bleach
US5292448A (en) * 1988-05-10 1994-03-08 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Enzymatic detergent composition
US5599400A (en) * 1993-09-14 1997-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Light duty liquid or gel dishwashing detergent compositions containing protease
US5630884A (en) * 1993-06-17 1997-05-20 Allergan Methods for contact lens cleaning
US5783532A (en) * 1993-06-17 1998-07-21 Allergan Enzyme compositions and methods for contact lens cleaning
US5858117A (en) * 1994-08-31 1999-01-12 Ecolab Inc. Proteolytic enzyme cleaner
US6063206A (en) * 1998-05-04 2000-05-16 C. J. Latta & Associates De-oiling process using enzymes
WO2001018165A1 (en) * 1999-09-09 2001-03-15 The Procter & Gamble Company A detergent composition containing a protease
WO2011147665A1 (en) * 2010-05-27 2011-12-01 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Machine dishwasher detergent

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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GB1569617A (en) * 1976-03-08 1980-06-18 Procter & Gamble Liquid detergent composition
US4797362A (en) 1985-06-06 1989-01-10 Lion Corporation Alkaline proteases and microorganisms producing same
GB8811045D0 (en) * 1988-05-10 1988-06-15 Unilever Plc Enzymatic detergent composition
GB8900525D0 (en) * 1989-01-10 1989-03-08 Procter & Gamble Liquid detergent composition containing enzyme and enzyme stabilization system
CA2160228C (en) * 1993-04-08 1999-05-11 Bruce Prentiss Murch Secondary (2,3) alkyl sulfate surfactants in stable enzyme-containing detergent compositions
EP0698659A1 (en) * 1994-08-23 1996-02-28 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent compositions comprising lipolytic enzymes

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US3325364A (en) * 1966-04-18 1967-06-13 Us Vitamin Pharm Corp Process for stabilizing enzyme compositions
US3332880A (en) * 1965-01-04 1967-07-25 Procter & Gamble Detergent composition
US3332876A (en) * 1964-10-15 1967-07-25 Procter & Gamble Detergent composition

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US3332876A (en) * 1964-10-15 1967-07-25 Procter & Gamble Detergent composition
US3332880A (en) * 1965-01-04 1967-07-25 Procter & Gamble Detergent composition
US3325364A (en) * 1966-04-18 1967-06-13 Us Vitamin Pharm Corp Process for stabilizing enzyme compositions

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4169817A (en) * 1971-12-23 1979-10-02 Midwest Biochemical Corporation Liquid cleaning composition containing stabilized enzymes
US3899448A (en) * 1972-02-07 1975-08-12 Albright & Wilson Detergent concentrate
US4006111A (en) * 1972-07-12 1977-02-01 Lever Brothers Company Production of alkane: olefin sulfonate mixtures by sequential sulfonation and sulfitation
US4102826A (en) * 1972-12-06 1978-07-25 Colgate-Palmolive Company Liquid detergent
US3979340A (en) * 1973-04-09 1976-09-07 Colgate-Palmolive Company Olefin sulfonate detergent compositions
US4040989A (en) * 1973-05-25 1977-08-09 Colgate-Palmolive Company Liquid detergent
US4111855A (en) * 1976-03-08 1978-09-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid enzyme containing detergent composition
US4272396A (en) * 1978-12-05 1981-06-09 The Lion Fat & Oil Co., Ltd. Enzyme-containing detergent composition
US4391745A (en) * 1979-03-09 1983-07-05 Diamalt Aktiengesellschaft Desizing agent and process for preparation thereof
US4243543A (en) * 1979-05-11 1981-01-06 Economics Laboratory, Inc. Stabilized liquid enzyme-containing detergent compositions
US4287101A (en) * 1979-10-29 1981-09-01 The Lion Fat & Oil Co., Ltd. Enzyme-containing detergent composition
EP0028866A1 (en) * 1979-11-09 1981-05-20 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Stabilised aqueous enzyme composition containing formate and calcium ions
EP0028865A1 (en) * 1979-11-09 1981-05-20 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Homogeneous enzyme-containing liquid detergent compositions containing saturated fatty acids
US4318818A (en) * 1979-11-09 1982-03-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Stabilized aqueous enzyme composition
US4287082A (en) * 1980-02-22 1981-09-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Homogeneous enzyme-containing liquid detergent compositions containing saturated acids
US4305837A (en) * 1980-10-30 1981-12-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Stabilized aqueous enzyme composition
US4511490A (en) * 1983-06-27 1985-04-16 The Clorox Company Cooperative enzymes comprising alkaline or mixtures of alkaline and neutral proteases without stabilizers
US4548727A (en) * 1983-10-06 1985-10-22 The Drackett Company Aqueous compositions containing stabilized enzymes
US4675128A (en) * 1984-12-31 1987-06-23 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Alkane sulfonates as viscosity regulators
US4692275A (en) * 1986-04-23 1987-09-08 Lever Brothers Company Detergent compositions containing an alkylbenzene sulfonate and alcohol ethoxysulfate surfactant system
US4711739A (en) * 1986-12-18 1987-12-08 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Enzyme prespotter composition stabilized with water insoluble polyester or polyether polyol
US5292448A (en) * 1988-05-10 1994-03-08 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Enzymatic detergent composition
US5269960A (en) * 1988-09-25 1993-12-14 The Clorox Company Stable liquid aqueous enzyme detergent
US5275753A (en) * 1989-01-10 1994-01-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Stabilized alkaline liquid detergent compositions containing enzyme and peroxygen bleach
US5783532A (en) * 1993-06-17 1998-07-21 Allergan Enzyme compositions and methods for contact lens cleaning
US6165954A (en) * 1993-06-17 2000-12-26 Allergan, Inc. Enzyme compositions and methods for contact lens cleaning
US5630884A (en) * 1993-06-17 1997-05-20 Allergan Methods for contact lens cleaning
US5746838A (en) * 1993-06-17 1998-05-05 Allergan Enzyme compositions and methods for contact lens cleaning
US5599400A (en) * 1993-09-14 1997-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Light duty liquid or gel dishwashing detergent compositions containing protease
US5858117A (en) * 1994-08-31 1999-01-12 Ecolab Inc. Proteolytic enzyme cleaner
US6197739B1 (en) 1994-08-31 2001-03-06 Ecolab Inc. Proteolytic enzyme cleaner
US6063206A (en) * 1998-05-04 2000-05-16 C. J. Latta & Associates De-oiling process using enzymes
WO2001018165A1 (en) * 1999-09-09 2001-03-15 The Procter & Gamble Company A detergent composition containing a protease
WO2011147665A1 (en) * 2010-05-27 2011-12-01 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Machine dishwasher detergent
US9719055B2 (en) 2010-05-27 2017-08-01 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Machine dishwasher detergent

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
NL7017143A (en) 1971-05-27 application
CA941767A1 (en) grant
LU59883A1 (en) 1971-08-11 application
JPS4830646B1 (en) 1973-09-21 grant
DE2057754A1 (en) 1971-06-03 application
FR2072316A5 (en) 1971-09-24 application
CA941767A (en) 1974-02-12 grant
BE759360A (en) 1971-05-24 grant
NL165784B (en) 1980-12-15 application
GB1291163A (en) 1972-10-04 application
BE759360A2 (en) grant
NL165784C (en) 1981-05-15 grant

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