GB1233599A - - Google Patents

Info

Publication number
GB1233599A
GB1233599A GB1233599DA GB1233599A GB 1233599 A GB1233599 A GB 1233599A GB 1233599D A GB1233599D A GB 1233599DA GB 1233599 A GB1233599 A GB 1233599A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
ethylene
polymer
mw
ch
molecular weight
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US53966266A priority Critical
Priority to US62066967A priority
Priority to US62103567A priority
Priority to US62103667A priority
Priority to US62067067A priority
Priority to US67220867A priority
Application filed filed Critical
Publication of GB1233599A publication Critical patent/GB1233599A/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B3/00Electrolytic production of organic compounds
    • C25B3/12Electrolytic production of organic compounds of organo-metallic compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J37/00Processes, in general, for preparing catalysts; Processes, in general, for activation of catalysts
    • B01J37/34Irradiation by, or application of, electric, magnetic or wave energy, e.g. ultrasonic waves ; Ionic sputtering; Flame or plasma spraying; Particle radiation
    • B01J37/348Electrochemical processes, e.g. electrochemical deposition or anodisation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F10/00Homopolymers and copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F10/00Homopolymers and copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
    • C08F10/02Ethene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F36/00Homopolymers and copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, at least one having two or more carbon-to-carbon double bonds
    • C08F36/02Homopolymers and copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, at least one having two or more carbon-to-carbon double bonds the radical having only two carbon-to-carbon double bonds
    • C08F36/04Homopolymers and copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, at least one having two or more carbon-to-carbon double bonds the radical having only two carbon-to-carbon double bonds conjugated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F110/00Homopolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
    • C08F110/02Ethene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F210/00Copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
    • C08F210/16Copolymers of ethene with alpha-alkenes, e.g. EP rubbers

Abstract

1,233,599. Two - stage polymerization; polymodal ethylene polymers. MONSANTO CO. 2 Oct., 1968 [2 Oct., 1967], No. 46860/68. Addition to 1,182,651. Heading C3P. Ethylenically unsaturated hydrocarbons are polymerized in the presence of a catalyst comprising (a) a compound of the formula where M is boron or a metal of Group II, III A or IV A , X is halogen, n is (valency of M - 1) and p is zero or one, and (b) a compound of a metal of Group I B , III B , IV B , V B , VI B , VII B or VIII, in two stages with hydrogen concentrations of 5 to 95% and 0 to 20% respectively, the polymer containing phase and the gaseous phase being separated between the stages. The polymer obtained is preferably a polymodal polymer of ethylene having at least two molecular weight modes as shown by gel permeation chromatography, the first mode having an Mw in the range 8000 to 80,000, an Mw/Mn of 1À5 to 8À0 and having at least one peak molecular weight in the range 3000 to 150,000, and the second mode having an Mw greater than 150,000 and a peak molecular weight of at least 75,000, said polymer having an Mw/Mn ratio greater than 5, a melt index ratio I 10 //I 2 in the range 12-200, and forming a smooth extrudate at sheer rates of 1 to 2 x 10<SP>-5</SP> second and, in the case of an ethylene homopolymer, having a density greater than 0À963 g./c.c. A flow diagram of an appropriate apparatus for the polymerization, including a pair of reactors, catalyst deactivation, polymer recovery and solvent recycling for continuous operation is given. In the examples, ethylene is homopolymerized (1-19, 25-28) or copolymerized to form ethylene-b-ethylene-co-hexene- 1 (20) and ethylene-co-propylene-b-ethylene (21) in hexane, CH 2 Cl 2 and/or CH 2 Br 2 in the presence of AlBr 2 .CH 2 .AlBr 2 /vanadyl chloride or fluoride, VCl 4 or n-C 4 H 9 O.TiCl 3 , in some instances 0 2 or t-C 4 H 9 OH also being present.
GB1233599D 1966-04-04 1968-10-02 Expired GB1233599A (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US53966266A true 1966-04-04 1966-04-04
US62066967A true 1967-03-06 1967-03-06
US62103567A true 1967-03-06 1967-03-06
US62103667A true 1967-03-06 1967-03-06
US62067067A true 1967-03-06 1967-03-06
US67220867A true 1967-10-02 1967-10-02

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1233599A true GB1233599A (en) 1971-05-26

Family

ID=27560111

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB1233599D Expired GB1233599A (en) 1966-04-04 1968-10-02

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB1233599A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2463791A1 (en) * 1979-08-24 1981-02-27 Asahi Chemical Ind Polyethylene composition and process for producing the same
US4311752A (en) * 1978-01-14 1982-01-19 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Ethylene copolymers and their use for the manufacture of films
US4370458A (en) * 1976-07-06 1983-01-25 Ruhrchemie Ag Process for the manufacture of polyolefins
EP0128045A1 (en) * 1983-06-06 1984-12-12 Exxon Research And Engineering Company Process and catalyst for producing poly-ethylene having a broad molecular weight distribution
US4786697A (en) * 1983-06-15 1988-11-22 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Molecular weight distribution modification in a tubular reactor
US4789714A (en) * 1983-06-15 1988-12-06 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Molecular weight distribution modification in tubular reactor
US4859749A (en) * 1987-07-16 1989-08-22 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process for the preparation of a polyolefin with a wide molecular mass distribution
US4882406A (en) * 1983-06-15 1989-11-21 Exxon Research & Engineering Company Nodular copolymers formed of alpha-olefin copolymers coupled by non-conjugated dienes
US4935474A (en) * 1983-06-06 1990-06-19 Exxon Research & Engineering Company Process and catalyst for producing polyethylene having a broad molecular weight distribution
US5013801A (en) * 1983-06-15 1991-05-07 Charles Cozewith Molecular weight distribution modification in a tubular reactor
US5847053A (en) * 1991-10-15 1998-12-08 The Dow Chemical Company Ethylene polymer film made from ethylene polymer blends
US5962615A (en) * 1994-03-02 1999-10-05 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Ethylene polymer

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4370458A (en) * 1976-07-06 1983-01-25 Ruhrchemie Ag Process for the manufacture of polyolefins
US4311752A (en) * 1978-01-14 1982-01-19 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Ethylene copolymers and their use for the manufacture of films
FR2463791A1 (en) * 1979-08-24 1981-02-27 Asahi Chemical Ind Polyethylene composition and process for producing the same
EP0128045A1 (en) * 1983-06-06 1984-12-12 Exxon Research And Engineering Company Process and catalyst for producing poly-ethylene having a broad molecular weight distribution
US4530914A (en) * 1983-06-06 1985-07-23 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Process and catalyst for producing polyethylene having a broad molecular weight distribution
US4935474A (en) * 1983-06-06 1990-06-19 Exxon Research & Engineering Company Process and catalyst for producing polyethylene having a broad molecular weight distribution
US5013801A (en) * 1983-06-15 1991-05-07 Charles Cozewith Molecular weight distribution modification in a tubular reactor
US4786697A (en) * 1983-06-15 1988-11-22 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Molecular weight distribution modification in a tubular reactor
US4789714A (en) * 1983-06-15 1988-12-06 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Molecular weight distribution modification in tubular reactor
US4882406A (en) * 1983-06-15 1989-11-21 Exxon Research & Engineering Company Nodular copolymers formed of alpha-olefin copolymers coupled by non-conjugated dienes
US4859749A (en) * 1987-07-16 1989-08-22 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process for the preparation of a polyolefin with a wide molecular mass distribution
US5847053A (en) * 1991-10-15 1998-12-08 The Dow Chemical Company Ethylene polymer film made from ethylene polymer blends
US6111023A (en) * 1991-10-15 2000-08-29 The Dow Chemical Company Fabricated articles made from ethylene polymer blends
US5962615A (en) * 1994-03-02 1999-10-05 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Ethylene polymer
US6080828A (en) * 1994-03-02 2000-06-27 Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd. Polymerization catalyst and process for preparing an ethylene polymer

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PS Patent sealed
PLNP Patent lapsed through nonpayment of renewal fees