GB1092372A - Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of non-woven fabrics - Google Patents

Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of non-woven fabrics

Info

Publication number
GB1092372A
GB1092372A GB2882163A GB2882163A GB1092372A GB 1092372 A GB1092372 A GB 1092372A GB 2882163 A GB2882163 A GB 2882163A GB 2882163 A GB2882163 A GB 2882163A GB 1092372 A GB1092372 A GB 1092372A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
fibres
web
bonding
elongatable
crimping
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB2882163A
Inventor
Graham Walter Meacock
Arthur Joseph Sanders
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd
Original Assignee
Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/54Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by welding together the fibres, e.g. by partially melting or dissolving
    • D04H1/554Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by welding together the fibres, e.g. by partially melting or dissolving by radio-frequency heating
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/54Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by welding together the fibres, e.g. by partially melting or dissolving
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/54Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by welding together the fibres, e.g. by partially melting or dissolving
    • D04H1/542Adhesive fibres
    • D04H1/549Polyamides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/54Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by welding together the fibres, e.g. by partially melting or dissolving
    • D04H1/542Adhesive fibres
    • D04H1/551Resins thereof not provided for in groups D04H1/544 - D04H1/55

Abstract

A nonwoven fabric is made by segmentally bonding a fibrous web containing at least five per cent. of individually retractable or elongatable fibres and subjected to a treatment to effect such retraction or elongation to impart bulk to the unbonded areas. The fibrous web may be formed by carding, garnetting, air-laying and paper-making techniques for staple fibres whereas continuous filaments may be deposited with the aid of high-velocity turbulent fluid jets in random loopy manner on a suitable receiving surface. The segmental bonding may be achieved by dielectric welding as in Specification 1,092,373, or by applying a natural or synthetic resin from an engraved printing roll, or if the web contains thermoplastic fibres, bonding by applying heat and pressure using a heated embossed roller. Retraction of the fibres may be effected by heating, e.g. by the application to the web of hot water, steam, air or other fluid at a temperature below the fusion temperature of the fibres, or by chemical action, e.g. of a mild acid or alkali, and may be accompanied by crimping of the fibres. Fibres or filaments having two fibre-forming components, of which one has a higher shrinkage than the other; are particularly suitable and may be formed from polyamides, polyesters, polyesteramides, polysulphonamides, polyolefines, polyurethanes or combinations thereof. The two components may lie side by side or in a sheath-and-core relationship in the filament. Other fibres which may be used include polyethylene terephthalate, which is retractable with accompanying crimping, various copolyamides, which shrink but do not crimp, and certain polyesters, polyurethanes and polyamides, which are elongatable. The web may also contain fibres whose length is not affected by the shrinking or elongating treatment.
GB2882163A 1963-07-20 1963-07-20 Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of non-woven fabrics Expired GB1092372A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB2882163A GB1092372A (en) 1963-07-20 1963-07-20 Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of non-woven fabrics

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB2882163A GB1092372A (en) 1963-07-20 1963-07-20 Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of non-woven fabrics
LU46552A1 LU46552A1 (en) 1963-07-20 1964-07-16
NL6408245A NL6408245A (en) 1963-07-20 1964-07-17
DE19641560661 DE1560661A1 (en) 1963-07-20 1964-07-17 Not interwoven fabric
BE650787A BE650787A (en) 1963-07-20 1964-07-20
FR982351A FR1407319A (en) 1963-07-20 1964-07-20 A method of manufacturing non-woven fabrics

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1092372A true true GB1092372A (en) 1967-11-22

Family

ID=10281699

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB2882163A Expired GB1092372A (en) 1963-07-20 1963-07-20 Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of non-woven fabrics

Country Status (5)

Country Link
BE (1) BE650787A (en)
DE (1) DE1560661A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1092372A (en)
LU (1) LU46552A1 (en)
NL (1) NL6408245A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2406321A1 (en) * 1974-02-09 1975-08-21 Lutravil Spinnvlies Spunbonded continuous filaments of polyamide-6
US5382400A (en) 1992-08-21 1995-01-17 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven multicomponent polymeric fabric and method for making same
US5405682A (en) 1992-08-26 1995-04-11 Kimberly Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and elastomeric thermoplastic material
US6500538B1 (en) 1992-12-28 2002-12-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Polymeric strands including a propylene polymer composition and nonwoven fabric and articles made therewith

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2092604A1 (en) 1992-11-12 1994-05-13 Richard Swee-Chye Yeo Hydrophilic, multicomponent polymeric strands and nonwoven fabrics made therewith

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2406321A1 (en) * 1974-02-09 1975-08-21 Lutravil Spinnvlies Spunbonded continuous filaments of polyamide-6
US5382400A (en) 1992-08-21 1995-01-17 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven multicomponent polymeric fabric and method for making same
US5418045A (en) 1992-08-21 1995-05-23 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven multicomponent polymeric fabric
US5405682A (en) 1992-08-26 1995-04-11 Kimberly Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and elastomeric thermoplastic material
US5425987A (en) 1992-08-26 1995-06-20 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and elastomeric thermoplastic material
US6500538B1 (en) 1992-12-28 2002-12-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Polymeric strands including a propylene polymer composition and nonwoven fabric and articles made therewith

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
LU46552A1 (en) 1964-10-08 application
NL6408245A (en) 1965-01-21 application
DE1560661A1 (en) 1969-10-02 application
BE650787A (en) 1965-01-20 grant

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