FI112067B - Procedures and systems using three-dimensional position data for passenger traffic - Google Patents

Procedures and systems using three-dimensional position data for passenger traffic Download PDF

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Publication number
FI112067B
FI112067B FI20010353A FI20010353A FI112067B FI 112067 B FI112067 B FI 112067B FI 20010353 A FI20010353 A FI 20010353A FI 20010353 A FI20010353 A FI 20010353A FI 112067 B FI112067 B FI 112067B
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FI
Finland
Prior art keywords
passenger
transport system
passenger transport
device
characterized
Prior art date
Application number
FI20010353A
Other languages
Finnish (fi)
Swedish (sv)
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FI20010353A (en
FI20010353A0 (en
Inventor
Risto Kontturi
Original Assignee
Kone Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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Priority to FI20010353A priority Critical patent/FI112067B/en
Priority to FI20010353 priority
Publication of FI20010353A0 publication Critical patent/FI20010353A0/en
Publication of FI20010353A publication Critical patent/FI20010353A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FI112067B publication Critical patent/FI112067B/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/14Receivers specially adapted for specific applications
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B1/00Control systems of elevators in general
    • B66B1/34Details, e.g. call counting devices, data transmission from car to control system, devices giving information to the control system
    • B66B1/46Adaptations of switches or switchgear
    • B66B1/468Call registering systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C21/00Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in preceding groups G01C1/00-G01C19/00
    • G01C21/20Instruments for performing navigational calculations
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S5/00Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
    • G01S5/0009Transmission of position information to remote stations
    • G01S5/0018Transmission from mobile station to base station
    • G01S5/0027Transmission from mobile station to base station of actual mobile position, i.e. position determined on mobile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B2201/00Aspects of control systems of elevators
    • B66B2201/40Details of the change of control mode
    • B66B2201/46Switches or switchgear
    • B66B2201/4607Call registering systems
    • B66B2201/4615Wherein the destination is registered before boarding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B2201/00Aspects of control systems of elevators
    • B66B2201/40Details of the change of control mode
    • B66B2201/46Switches or switchgear
    • B66B2201/4607Call registering systems
    • B66B2201/4653Call registering systems wherein the call is registered using portable devices

Description

The present invention relates to a method for controlling the transport of persons as defined in the preamble of claim 1. 112067 A method and method for controlling the transport of persons, as defined in the preamble of claim 1, is provided by a three-dimensional positioning system. The invention further relates to a passenger transport system as defined in the preamble of claim 5, intended to serve a passenger.

10

Prior art is described in US 5,832,363 (H04B 7/26). This patent discloses a mobile communication system comprising service management of aircraft machine equipment. The mobile radio system disclosed in the aforementioned publication comprises mobile radio access control for mobile machines, mobile radio users, and at least one mobile machine for transporting the aforementioned user, controlling the use of the traffic control element of the control unit and controlling the mobile radio terminals of the radio line control element. In addition, the above system also utilizes radio terminals. ·: Location data collected from tea and changes to location data.

: 25: ·. ·. This solution does not include the possibility that a mobile radio operator and a potential client of the above-mentioned aircraft would be able to obtain both the location coordinates and the elevation information from the wireless radio device they carry. Similarly, as described above. furthermore, the solution does not include the ability to send these position coordinates and elevation data obtained from the passenger wireless radio device, 35, to the operation control of the above-mentioned aircraft 2 112067, which controls the above-mentioned aircraft.

It is an object of the present invention to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art mentioned above.

In particular, the solution according to the invention provides a significant improvement over prior art that the three-dimensional location information of a portable electronic communication device carried by a passenger can be transmitted along with a control message sent by the aforementioned portable electronic communication device to the aforementioned passenger transport control unit. This three-dimensional location information comprises the height information and the position coordinates of the above-mentioned portable electronic communication device. In addition, this control message includes service requests from the above-mentioned portable electronic communication device to the personal communication system for communication from the above-mentioned portable electronic communication device. Above-mentioned /·'; 25 portable electronic communication devices are one of the most advantageous:. According to an embodiment, a communication device specifically designed for use only with certain or certain passenger transport systems and ·· ', in addition to the above-mentioned portable electronic communication device, communication takes place irrespective of the wavelength of the electromagnetic radiation. The above mentioned portable electronic communication device may be: "· also a mobile phone, so called bluetooth, paging device or inductive device.

The aforementioned portable electronic communication device comprises three-dimensional location data. 35 3 112067 device that generates three-dimensional location data. This three-dimensional position generating device obtains longitude and latitude position information as GPS position data and, in addition, the above-mentioned device is provided with a height measuring device, preferably an altitude sensor / transmitter generating an electrical measurement signal. This longitudinal and latitudinal location information based on GPS position and height information is associated with the aforementioned service request control message, which in turn is transmitted by the passenger portable electronic communication device to the control unit of the passenger transport system via a communication link.

Specifically, the method for controlling passenger transport according to the invention is characterized by what is set forth in the characterizing part of claim 1. The passenger transport system according to the invention, for its part, is characterized by what is set forth in the characterizing part of claim 5. The features of some preferred embodiments of the invention will be apparent from the dependent claims.

'*]: 25

The solution according to the invention achieves several «· * V; significant advantages over prior art.

··. Thanks to the solution of the invention, the above-mentioned passenger transport system control unit knows and is able to track the position of the above-mentioned portable electronic communication device as well as the passenger using it in three-dimensional space, which is useful for transmitting service requests. to the control unit of the above-mentioned passenger transportation system via a communication link. This is particularly advantageous in large buildings with a large number of conveyor passengers. When the aforementioned passenger transport system control unit detects the current location of a passenger in need of transport equipment services by means of a portable electronic communication device with him, this control unit is then able to optimize the correct transport equipment for the appropriate passenger. This minimizes passenger waiting time and wastage of the passenger transport system.

10

In the following, the invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings in which

Fig. 1 shows a person transport system according to a preferred embodiment of the invention 15

Fig. 2 illustrates another embodiment of the invention in which a plurality of different passenger transport systems are controlled 20;

Figure 3 shows a basic implementation of a wireless and portable electronic communication device for use in a passenger transport system according to the invention Figure 4 shows another embodiment of the i. 1 shows a passenger transport system 1 according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, comprising a plurality of individual transport devices 2. This passenger transport system 1 further comprises a personal transport system control unit controlling the operation of the aforementioned transport devices 2. 7.

\: 35

The aforementioned control unit 7 of the passenger transport system 1 communicates with the communication link 6 through which it is possible that in this case the passenger 3 is able to wirelessly send service requests for service requests to the personal transport system 1 comprising several transport devices 2 via the portable electronic communication device 4. 5 to the control unit 7 of the passenger transport system 1. The aforementioned communication link 6 is wirelessly connected to the portable electronic device 4 of the passenger 3 and its communication link 6 to the control unit 7 of the passenger transport system 1 either by fixed connection and / or wirelessly. The connection of this aforementioned communication link 6 to the portable electronic communication device 4 is based on the utilization of electric-15 magnetic waves without being restricted in any particular way to a particular wavelength range. One example of an application on which such communication between communication link 6 and portable electronic device 4 is based is radio waves, whereby the 20 communication links mentioned above can be called, for example, a repeater or radio link tax base station, more commonly used in cellular systems.

. This is a service request for the passenger unit 3 of the passenger transport system 1 control unit 7. wirelessly using control messages 5 is, ···. $ because the passenger 3 has a portable electronic communication device 4. The aforementioned controls »30 messages 5 also contain information other than service requests for reservation of the aforementioned transport devices 2.

The above mentioned portable electronic communication device, •, j, 4 4 continuously recognizes both its position coordinate and ··, its elevation information. In other words, the above-mentioned portable electronic communication device 4 recognizes its position information in a three-dimensional manner. The above location data are elevation and position coordinates in both longitude and latitude.

Thus, the basic idea of the best embodiment of the invention is that the portable electronic communication device 4 used by the passenger 3 transmits its position information in a three-dimensional way via the aforementioned communication link 6 to the control unit 7 of the passenger transport system 10 1 connected to the aforementioned control message 5. The above-mentioned control unit 7 of the passenger transport system 1 takes into account the location information transmitted by the passenger 3's electronic device 4 when processing service requests concerning the transport devices 2 15.

To form the aforementioned three-dimensional location data, the aforementioned portable electronic communication device 4 comprises a triangular-20 dimensional location information generating device 23, which in turn comprises elevation data generating means and GPS position data receiving means.

Furthermore, it is possible that the control unit 7 of the above-mentioned passenger-25 conveying system 1 also transmits the control message 5 via the communication link 6 to the portable electronic communication device * of the passenger 3, * which conveyor device 2 should be used. Also, in the case of the present sack 30, the control message 5 received by the passenger 3 may comprise information other than that mentioned above. In this case, therefore, the question is ··. ”·. 2-way communication via passenger link 6 between passenger 3 and passenger 35 system 1 control unit 7.

In one embodiment of the invention, the passenger transport system 1 described herein is an elevator system comprising a plurality of elevators as their conveying devices 2. In the case of an elevator system, the control unit 7 of the passenger transport system 1 is called group control.

Figure 2 illustrates another embodiment of the invention in which several different types of passenger transport systems 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 serving passenger 3 are simultaneously controlled. These passenger transport systems 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 may be e.g., escalator systems, elevator systems, train systems, rental car systems, bus 15 systems and airplane systems, etc. The passenger transport systems 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 are thus of different types, differing in scope and function.

These passenger transport systems 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 are controlled by a common passenger transport system 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 control unit 10 to which passenger 3 transmits service requests and three-dimensional location information control messages 8 via communication link 9. in order to achieve the above; The use of the passenger transport systems 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, f1 t * 16 can be optimized with respect to each other and, at the same time, the travel time required by the passenger 3 is minimized. These aforementioned service requests are intended for I ... 30 different passenger transport systems 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. Passenger 3 has at its disposal a portable electronic device 4 which continuously determines its position in a three-dimensional manner. In other words, the above-mentioned portable electronic device 4, which is a passenger 3; 35 continuously identifies elevation information and _> ··, position coordinates in longitude and latitude transmitted with control message 8 via communication link 9 8 112067 to control unit 10 of passenger transport systems 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16.

Large houses have so-called meta-group 5 control, which controls several elevators located throughout the building. In this case, the aforementioned passenger transport system control unit 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 control unit would correspond to this so-called metar group control and the aforementioned passenger transport system systems 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 would correspond to separate elevator groups.

The control units 7 and 10 of the passenger transport systems 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 shown in Figures 1 and 2 may not be based on the same technical operating principle as the control messages 5 and 8 shown in the above figures, which is obvious to a person skilled in the art. For example, control messages 5 and 8 may differ in their frequency range.

20

Figure 3 illustrates a basic implementation of a wireless and portable electronic communication device 4, such as a matrix, used in the passenger transport system 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 of the invention; 25 when the passenger 3 transmits wirelessly 22 the passenger transport to the control unit 7 of the system 1 via the communication link 6, 9 via the communication link 6, 9, requesting the transport devices 2 as control messages 5, 8. This. The portable electronic communication device 4 mentioned above comprises, as a user interface, a display 18 for displaying messages to the passenger 3 and a keypad 17 which allows the mat <i · '* publisher 3 to write messages as forwarded control messages 5, 8 6, 9 through 35 the transport of persons to the system control unit 7, 10.

, ···. The portable electronic communication device 4 shown in Figure 3 further comprises means 19 for generating a 9112067 wireless connection to the aforementioned communication link 6, 9 by transmitting electromagnetic radiation of a certain wavelength.

The portable electronic communication device 4 shown in Figure 3 comprises a three-dimensional location information generating device 23, the location information of which is associated with a control message 5, 8 10 transmitted by the aforementioned portable electronic communication device 4 in addition to service requests for different passenger transport systems 1. These three-dimensional position data mentioned above are elevation data, position coordinates, and longitude-latitude. The purpose of the above-mentioned three-dimensional-15 position-generating device 23 is to generate both GPS position and altitude information, and therefore the three-dimensional-position generating device 23 also comprises corresponding means for producing that information. Such an altimeter transmitting device included in the three-dimensional positioning device 23 is, for example, a height sensor or transmitter which provides an electrical measurement signal.

; Figure 4 illustrates another possible embodiment of an electronic messaging device 4 for use in the passenger transport system 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 of the invention, comprising a microphone 20 whereby a 'passenger 3 can speak messages forwarded'. * 30: via the communication link 6, 9 to the control unit 7, 10 of the passenger transport system. In this embodiment, G "can also utilize speech recognition • *: to generate the aforementioned control messages 5, 8. receive messages via loudspeaker 21 in addition to the visual messages displayed on screen 18. In other words, 10112067 the aforementioned passenger 3 can receive messages from its portable electronic device 4 audio-visually from either loudspeaker 21 and / or display 18 and input messages to the above-mentioned portable electronic device. -5 for this device with 4 keys using the 17 and / or the microphone 20.

The passenger electronic portable communication device 4 communicating with the control unit 7, 10 of the passenger transport system 1 via the communication link 6, 9 10 shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 is designed solely for use with one or certain passenger transport systems 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. said wireless communication connection 22 with portable electronic communication device 4 and communication link 6, 9 occurring regardless of the frequency of the electromagnetic radiation. The frequency of electromagnetic radiation used in wireless communications may be selected in this context individually for the passenger transport system. The above-mentioned portable electronic communication device 4 of the passenger 3 may also be either a cellular telephone or a paging device or a wireless and / or fixed wireless communication device to the actual mobile telephone. the so-called "connection" bluetooth. Similarly:. The above-mentioned portable electronic communication device 4 may also be a device based on an inductive connection.

In addition, in the case of a mobile phone, the aforementioned portable electronic communication device 4 may be connected to various radio systems, which may be GSM, or UMTS, or GPRS radio systems. If the aforementioned wireless communication is utilized by the use of radio waves, the interfaces shown in Figures 3 and 4; / 35 those 19 is an antenna that generates the radiation needed for wireless communication 22 and used in radio communications.

The invention has been described above by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which various embodiments of the invention are possible within the scope of the claimed inventive concept.

Claims (14)

  1. A method of controlling passenger transport in a passenger transport system (1) comprising a transport device (2) or multiple transport devices (2), wherein the passenger (3) uses a portable electronic communication device (4) to transmit wirelessly via a communication link (6) service calls in the form of control signals (5) to the control unit (7) of the passenger transport system (1) for reserving the transport device (2) or the transport devices (2), characterized in that the portable electronic communication device (4) used by the passenger (3) via the communication link ( 6) sends signal to the control signal (5) consisting of service calls, which is attached in three-dimensional form to the control unit (7) of the passenger transport system (1).
  2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that position data comprises height data and position coordinates in both longitudinal and latitudinal directions. 15
  3. Method according to claim 2, characterized in that the control unit (7) of the passenger transport system (1) takes into account the position data communicated by the passenger (3) electronic communication device (4) when processing service calls concerning the transport devices (2). 20
  4. Method according to claims 1-3, characterized in that the control signals (8) transmitted by the passenger's portable electronic communication device (4) containing both service calls and location data are used to control several different and different service area scope and principle of operation: (11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) so that the use of passenger transport systems (11,12, ·· '·! 13, 14, 15, 16) can be optimized in relation to each other at the same time as * ..! the travel time of the passenger (3) is minimized. 1
  5. '5. Passenger transport system (1) comprising one transport device (2) or more' ·· 30 transport devices (2), one of the passenger transport system (1) which controls the transport device (2) or the transport devices (2) belonging to the control unit (7) and one with the control unit (7) connected communication link (6) which the passenger (3) communicates with via the portable electronic communication device (4) such that: v, the passenger (3) with the portable electronic communication device (4) via the 3. communication link (6) transmits service calls in the form of control signals (5) to the control unit (7) of the passenger transport system (1) to reserve the transport devices (2), characterized in that the portable electronic communication device (4) used by the passenger (3) transmits signal to the service call the persistent control signal (5) attached position data in three-dimensional form to the control unit (7) of the passenger transport system (1). 5
  6. Passenger transport system (1) according to claim 5, characterized in that the three-dimensional position data comprises height data and position coordinates in both longitudinal and latitude.
  7. Passenger transport system (1) according to claims 5-6, characterized in that the electronic communication device (4) is provided with a device (23) which generates the three-dimensional position data.
  8. Passenger transport system (1) according to claims 5-7, characterized in that the device 15 (23) which produces the three-dimensional location data comprises equipment which generates altitude data and equipment which receives GPS data.
  9. 9. Passenger transport system (11,12,13,14,15,16) according to claims 5-8, characterized in that the control signals (8) containing the control signals (8) containing the service signals (8) transmitted by the passenger (3) are used for location data. to control several between each other and to the extent of the service area and its principle of operation different passenger transport systems (11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) which may be, for example, escalator systems, rental car systems, bus systems and aircraft systems, etc., so that the passenger transport systems (11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) use can be optimized in: relation to one another while minimizing the travel time of the passenger (3).
  10. Passenger transport system (1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) according to claims 5-9, characterized in that the passenger transport system (1) is an elevator system and ... the transport devices (2) are elevators. * ··· 1 30
  11. Passenger transport system (1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) according to claims 5-10,: Λ: characterized in that the control unit (7) of the passenger transport system (1) is the group control of the elevators. * · ..1 35
  12. Passenger transport system (1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) according to claims 5-11, characterized in that the electronic communication device (4) of the passenger (3) as • · · 1 · t «• t 18 112067 via the communication link (6, 9) communicates with the passenger transport system (1, 11, 12. 13, 14, 15, 16) controller (7, 10) is designed to be used only in a particular passenger transport system (1) or in certain passenger transport systems (11, 12). , 13, 14, 15, 16) said that the communication of the electronic communication device (4) with the communication link (6, 9) occurs independently of the frequency of the electromagnetic radiation.
  13. Passenger transport system (1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) according to claims 5-12, characterized in that the electronic communication device (4) of the passenger (3) communicates with the passenger transport system (4) via the communication link (6, 9). 1) control unit (7, 10) is a mobile phone, a so-called a Bluetooth device, a pager or an inductive coupling based device.
  14. Passenger transport system (1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) according to claims 5-13, 15, characterized in that the passenger (3) can receive messages from his portable electronic device (4) via a loudspeaker (21) and / or a display (18) and forward the messages to the electronic device (4) with a keypad (17) and / or a microphone. • * · »♦ • · · ·» · »I« · · • · I »9 i ♦
FI20010353A 2001-02-22 2001-02-22 Procedures and systems using three-dimensional position data for passenger traffic FI112067B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI20010353A FI112067B (en) 2001-02-22 2001-02-22 Procedures and systems using three-dimensional position data for passenger traffic
FI20010353 2001-02-22

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI20010353A FI112067B (en) 2001-02-22 2001-02-22 Procedures and systems using three-dimensional position data for passenger traffic
PCT/FI2002/000090 WO2002066357A1 (en) 2001-02-22 2002-02-07 Passenger transportation method and system employing three-dimensional location data

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
FI20010353A0 FI20010353A0 (en) 2001-02-22
FI20010353A FI20010353A (en) 2002-08-23
FI112067B true FI112067B (en) 2003-10-31

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FI121957B (en) 2010-03-12 2011-06-30 Kone Corp Lift system
CN103476694B (en) 2011-03-29 2016-09-28 因温特奥股份公司 User's guiding is carried out by electronic apparatus
EP2951114B1 (en) * 2013-02-01 2017-08-23 KONE Corporation An apparatus and a method for elevator allocation using a magnetic field map in an elevator system
WO2015065315A1 (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-05-07 Otis Elevator Company Altitude-sensitive destination entry
CN103787159A (en) * 2014-02-03 2014-05-14 王浩 Intelligent elevator scheduling system based on big data and cloud computing
CN106458502B (en) * 2014-06-03 2019-04-16 奥的斯电梯公司 The current location and next destination of elevator customer are automatically determined using mobile device technology
US9878875B1 (en) 2016-09-30 2018-01-30 Otis Elevator Company Building selection in elevator system supporting mobile device calls
US9998581B1 (en) 2017-01-13 2018-06-12 Otis Elevator Company Communication system and method of communication in an elevator operating environment
US10112802B2 (en) 2017-01-30 2018-10-30 Otis Elevator Company Elevator service person collision protection system

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JPH04369492A (en) * 1991-06-18 1992-12-22 Pioneer Electron Corp Gps position measurement device
JP3471454B2 (en) * 1994-06-20 2003-12-02 株式会社東芝 Mobile communication system
US5652592A (en) * 1995-06-06 1997-07-29 Sanconix, Inc Radio location with enhanced Z-axis determination
US5984051A (en) * 1998-11-09 1999-11-16 Otis Elevator Company Remote elevator call requests with descriptor tags
GB9907123D0 (en) * 1999-03-26 1999-05-19 Bide Stephen Position finding
SE9904340L (en) * 1999-11-30 2001-05-31 Satsafe Mls Ab GPS system with altimeters
CA2639397C (en) * 2000-05-01 2012-07-24 Inventio Ag Method and system for guiding a user in a building

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FI20010353A0 (en) 2001-02-22
FI20010353D0 (en)
WO2002066357A1 (en) 2002-08-29
FI112067B1 (en)
FI20010353A (en) 2002-08-23

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