EP2835788A1 - Method for controlling entry and exit in multi-storey car parks and parking facilities - Google Patents

Method for controlling entry and exit in multi-storey car parks and parking facilities Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2835788A1
EP2835788A1 EP13179400.0A EP13179400A EP2835788A1 EP 2835788 A1 EP2835788 A1 EP 2835788A1 EP 13179400 A EP13179400 A EP 13179400A EP 2835788 A1 EP2835788 A1 EP 2835788A1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
mobile device
server
exit
parking
parks
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
EP13179400.0A
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German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Christian Wenninger
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Skidata AG
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Skidata AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Skidata AG filed Critical Skidata AG
Priority to EP13179400.0A priority Critical patent/EP2835788A1/en
Publication of EP2835788A1 publication Critical patent/EP2835788A1/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/02Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points taking into account a variable factor such as distance or time, e.g. for passenger transport, parking systems or car rental systems
    • G07B15/04Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points taking into account a variable factor such as distance or time, e.g. for passenger transport, parking systems or car rental systems comprising devices to free a barrier, turnstile, or the like

Abstract

In the context of the procedure for entry and exit control in car parks and parks, the entrance or exit, in front of a vehicle is determined based on a location of the vehicle, after location of the vehicle, the location information by means of the mobile device via a radio or Cellular standard to a server that is capable of controlling the parking barriers of entrances and exits, is transmitted, in case the owner of the mobile device is already registered with the server, and the user ID is transmitted to the server and in the event that the owner of the mobile device is not registered on the server, the registration takes place by means of the mobile device via the connection with the server and after registration, a user ID is assigned, which is determined based on the data of the location in the server in front of which entrance or exit the vehicle is standing, wherein in the case of a driveway ei n associated with the user ID ticket is sent in electronic form to the mobile device of the user or is deposited in the server and the determined entrance associated parking barrier or access control device is controlled to allow the entrance, which is determined in the event of an exit whether the parking fee is paid and parking fee paid is the park barrier or access control device assigned to the determined exit in order to enable the exit.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a method for entry and exit control in car parks and parks according to the preamble of patent claim 1.
  • From the prior art it is known to provide in the entrances of parking garages and parks in addition to the parking barriers parking columns, which serve the ticket issue. When the parking column is actuated, a ticket is issued, with the access control device, which is usually designed as a parking barrier, then being moved from the blocking position into the open position, in order to allow the car to enter the parking garage or park.
  • Furthermore, additional parking columns are provided at the exits of car parks and parks, which evaluate the tickets and in the event that the parking fee is paid, control the parking barrier from a locked position to an open position to allow an extension. As a rule, parking fees are paid at car park terminals.
  • The parking columns represent an additional component, which in turn increases the acquisition and maintenance costs for the operators of multi-storey car parks and parks. Furthermore, it is necessary that motorists must drive in the event of an entrance or exit very close to these parking columns to operate them, which on the one hand as uncomfortable and on the other as a cause of minor damage to the vehicles in the event starting up the parking pillar or related installations such as curbs or ramming posts.
  • The present invention has for its object to provide a method for entry and exit control for parking garages and parks, the implementation of which eliminates the need to provide separate parking columns. In addition, the process should be carried out without the known tickets in paper form and ensure high flexibility for users at low cost.
  • This object is solved by the features of patent claim 1. Further embodiments and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the dependent claims.
  • Accordingly, a method for entry and exit control in multi-storey car parks and parks proposed, as part of the functionality of the known from the prior art parking columns by an interaction of an in-vehicle mobile device with functionality of a wireless connection for data communication, such as a mobile phone of the driver the incoming or outgoing vehicle with a server that is capable of controlling the parking barriers of the entrances and exits, via a wireless or mobile standard, eg via GPRS, LTE, WLAN, for example, over the Internet, is replaced, wherein a location of the vehicle is performed and based on the location information (eg the coordinates) of the vehicle in the server, the entrance or exit and thus the parking barrier or the access control device , in front of the vehicle is determined.
  • For the purposes of the invention, a connection of the mobile device to the server is a wireless connection for data communication, preferably via a radio or mobile standard, e.g. via GPRS, LTE, WLAN, for example via the Internet or an Internet protocol.
  • The location is preferably determined via a GPS module of the mobile device and / or, in the case that the mobile device has a mobile phone functionality, via a GSM location, for example, based on the cell in which the mobile device is located.
  • Further, for locating the vehicle further known from the prior art methods and devices can be used, wherein the determined location information is transmitted via the mobile device to the server.
  • A further location determination can be carried out by the evaluation of the local wireless local area network (WLAN) connections of the mobile device known from the prior art, in the case that the aforementioned devices, for example by Shield not usable or on the other hand deliver to inaccurate positions. Furthermore, a spatially limited WLAN connection in the WLAN localization can also be used to distinguish between floors or parking zones, for which different parking fees may be payable due to different service offers.
  • Alternatively, the location can be determined by scanning a provided or available at the entry / exit location QR code containing the location coordinates or the place name on the mobile device, the QR code also at the entrance or exit of the parking garage or the park can be attached or provided. For example, the QR code may be projected on a wall or suitable surface to enable scanning by the mobile device.
  • Another possibility of location determination is to use a preferably non-contact connectable to the mobile device for the purpose of data communication customer medium, for example in an ISO card format, which via a built RF transceiver with at least one of a parking barrier or access control device associated reading device in a predetermined frequency range communicates, wherein when the customer medium is detected by the reading device, the location information of the entrance or exit or the parking barrier is transmitted from the reading device to the customer medium, which is transmitted from the customer medium to the mobile device, from which it then to the Server is forwarded.
  • The customer medium preferably comprises a first and a second antenna, which are implemented on a PCB substrate. The customer medium antennas may be implemented as dipoles, folded dipoles, inverted F antennas, quadrupole antennas, similar to patch antennas or antenna loops and coils.
  • Here, the first antenna is preferably designed for the range 13 MHz - 10 GHz and serves as a wake-up antenna for receiving a wake-up signal when the customer medium is in a "sleep" mode. The wake-up signal is preferably transmitted in an amplitude-modulated manner and contains a predetermined signal sequence, the signal received by the wake-up antenna being used by a wake-up detection module Operational amplifier amplified and demodulated and evaluated by a "sleep mode" partially activated microprocessor, wherein in the case of a recognized as valid wake-up signal, ie a signal with the correct sequence, the microprocessor is fully activated and the transceiver of Customer medium, turning the customer media into an active mode.
  • The operational amplifier is the only component of the customer medium that is fully active in "sleep" mode and is designed to have minimal power consumption. In "sleep mode" only a part of the microprocessor is activated.
  • The second antenna also preferably receives and transmits in the range of 13 MHz - 10 GHz and is connected to an RF transceiver, the transceiver being activated only when the customer medium is in active mode, thereby minimizing the customer medium's power consumption. The bitrate of the tranceiver is preferably 1 or 2 Mbit / s. Via the transceiver, the data communication with corresponding reading devices can be carried out over several channels with slightly different frequencies in order to avoid collisions with external services and to allow a quick contact.
  • In order to reduce the risk of interference during the data transmission, a continuous change of the data channels is made possible (frequency hopping) by the transceiver according to a further embodiment. For example, three "advertising channels" for contacting a reading device and five "communication channels" for data communication with the reading device can be used for data transmission via the second antenna in the 2.4 GHz band. Alternatively, the registration and subsequent data transfer via "ultra wide band" communications. These cover a frequency space which can use at least 20% bandwidth or more than 500 MHz bandwidth with respect to the center frequency.
  • The first and the second antenna are used for long-range data communication with at least one reading device for detecting a media information of the
  • Customer medium, for reading out data stored in the customer medium and / or for writing to the customer medium and / or for sending a data stream to the customer medium. Long-range data communication within the meaning of the invention is a data communication with a range of more than 0.5 meters.
  • The customer medium thus has a "sleep" mode and an active mode, wherein in the "sleep" mode, only the operational amplifier and a part of the microprocessor are activated. The customer medium microprocessor is largely powered off in sleep mode and fully powered up in active mode with the transceiver off in sleep mode and powered on only in active mode. In this way, the energy consumption of the customer medium is kept as low as possible.
  • The customer medium may be designed as an active customer medium, in which case a battery, preferably a 3-volt battery for powering the components is provided. Optionally, the customer medium may comprise an LCD display and a corresponding driver and / or means for visual and / or audible indication, e.g. low battery status or other data or conditions of the customer medium.
  • Within the scope of further embodiments, the customer medium may be embodied such that it is charged with energy via an RF pulse which is emitted by at least one reading device, thus acquires the required energy from the field of the reading device and then operates autonomously for a predetermined time can. For this purpose, the customer medium has a capacitor for storing the energy and a corresponding circuit. The pulse is preferably a pulse in the UHF range.
  • In the event that the customer medium does not have its own power supply, the "wake - up" signal can also be contained in the RF pulse. Further, in the event that the customer medium is connected to the mobile device, the customer medium may obtain the power needed for operation from the device. In the case of NFC coupling, this is achieved via the 13 MHz communication field. A battery of the customer medium can also be permanently recharged via such a field.
  • Furthermore, the customer medium can have a suitably dimensioned solar module in order to charge the battery in this way. Within the scope of a further development of the invention, the customer medium has means for inputting a PIN which can be embodied as a numeric keypad and / or via at least one biometric sensor, for example a fingerprint sensor, to check the authorization of the use of the customer medium by a person.
  • The connection of the customer medium to the mobile device can be realized via NFC (Near Field Communication), in which case the customer medium and the mobile device have the necessary NFC components. Alternatively, the connection via an RFID interface, a Bluetooth ® - done interface or via further known from the prior art interfaces for data communication.
  • The reading devices are arranged and oriented in such a way that they are in each case immediately before the entrance or exit or parking barrier or
  • Cover access control device room, so that only one immediately before the entrance or exit or parking barrier or access control device standing vehicle in which a customer medium is located, can be detected. In this way it is avoided that several vehicles are detected simultaneously, which can lead to problems when, for example, the parking barrier is opened to exit the rear vehicle and instead of the rear vehicle, the vehicle immediately before the parking barrier passes the barrier. A preferred embodiment realizes a range measurement between reading device and customer medium, such as can be realized based on ultra wide band communication. In this way, the distance can then be safely estimated and opened only in vehicle position directly in front of the parking barrier.
  • When recognized as a valid wake-up signal, the customer medium goes into the active mode and sends a predetermined signal, such as the user ID, to the reading device, after receiving this signal, the location information, for example in the form of coordinates or a place name sends to the customer medium. Optional can the receipt of the location information from the customer medium by sending another predetermined signal to be confirmed. Furthermore, provision can be made for the customer medium to go into sleep mode after a predetermined time after receipt of the location information in order to minimize power consumption.
  • Once located, this data is transmitted over a wireless link for data communication, preferably via a wireless or cellular standard, e.g. via GPRS, LTE, WLAN, for example, via the Internet, for example by means of a software or app of the mobile device to a server, said based on the transmitted location information the entrance or exit and thus the determined entry or exit associated Parking barrier or access control device in front of the vehicle is determined. In the event that the owner of the mobile device is already registered, the user ID is also transmitted or determined, with the aid of this data from the server, the corresponding parking barrier is controlled to allow entry or exit.
  • Within the scope of a development of the invention, a proactive position determination is carried out, whereby as soon as the mobile device of a user approaches an entrance or exit of a parking garage or a parking facility below a predetermined distance, the user is asked about a corresponding, activated software in his mobile device whether he wants to move in or out. Through this proactive approach, in which the location has already been carried out, the implementation of the method can be significantly accelerated by increasing the comfort.
  • In the event that the user of the mobile device is not yet registered, the registration can also be made via the connection of the mobile device to the server, after which a user ID is assigned after registration.
  • After transmission of the location data of the vehicle and the user ID a ticket is created in electronic form in the server and according to a variant of the invention via a wireless connection for data communication, preferably via a wireless or mobile standard, eg via GPRS, LTE, WLAN, to the sent the user's mobile device, subsequently the entrance is made possible. In this case, the parking barrier assigned to the ascertained entrance is controlled by the server in the opening direction. The ticket can be a number, a QR code or a one-dimensional barcode. The ticket is linked to the user ID in the server.
  • Alternatively to the transmission of an electronic ticket, the electronic ticket can be stored in the server and linked to the user ID. This procedure eliminates the transmission of the ticket to the mobile device. In addition, this allows access to a ticket via another, also registered under the same user ID mobile device. This is conceivable, for example, in the case of a transferable long-term parking ticket, which is used by several users of one and the same vehicle.
  • If the user wishes to drive out with his vehicle, this can only be done if the parking fee has been paid, which can be done, for example, based on the software stored on the mobile device when connected to the server. This type of payment is known in the art and may be based, for example, on the transfer of account or credit card information. When paying the ticket number and / or in particular in the event that the electronic ticket is stored only on the server, the user ID transmitted, so that the payment process associated with the user ID or the number of the electronic ticket and in a corresponding database of the server is stored.
  • Alternatively, the user at a car park in a conventional manner, for example, cash or via a debit or credit card pay the parking fee, the ticket number of the electronic ticket and / or in particular in the event that the electronic ticket only on the server stored is the user ID, for example via an NFC interaction between the mobile device and the parking machine or by scanning the sent electronic ticket, which is preferably designed as a QR code or one-dimensional barcode is transmitted from the parking machine to the server connected to the machine , Furthermore, the user can change the number of the electronic ticket or, in particular, in case that the electronic ticket is stored only on the server, enter the user ID via a keypad keypad. When the ticket is paid, this process is linked to the user ID or electronic ticket number and stored in a corresponding database of the server.
  • When the ticket is paid, the user of the mobile device can leave the parking garage or the parking facility with his vehicle by analogy with the procedure already described, when he is facing an exit, the location information determined and together with the user ID and / or the number of the electronic ticket are sent to the server, wherein after the evaluation of the data from the server, the parking barrier associated with the determined exit is controlled in the opening direction to allow the extension.
  • Within the scope of a development of the invention, the entry is possible with a pre-paid ticket or with a parking authorization, for example as an employee of a company, for which purpose the identification of the parking barrier or the access control device and the transmission of the user are based on the location determination ID after evaluation in the server entry is possible. The exit procedure is analogous, without the need to pay for a parking ticket, which is evaluated or determined in the Sever.
  • Within the scope of further embodiments of the invention, information relating to the required location of the mobile device can be sent to the mobile device, which, for example, relates to points of interest in the vicinity of the parking garage or the parking facility or also advertising. Furthermore, a feedback function can be implemented via the connection of the mobile device to the server.
  • The method according to the invention can also be carried out without a registration of the user, ie without a user ID, whereby the step of registration is omitted. In this case, to identify the mobile device, a unique number of the mobile device, such as the number of a SIM card or the International Mobile Station Equipment Identity (IMEI) number of the mobile device or this one Device assigned phone number that serves as a user ID in the sense of the method.
  • The method according to the invention will be explained in more detail by way of example with reference to the attached FIGURE. The parallelograms in the figure represent different software modules.
  • In a first step (step 1), a proactive position determination is carried out by means of an in-vehicle mobile phone with activated corresponding software, which, for example, as already explained via a GPS module of the mobile phone can be done with high accuracy. When the mobile phone approaches an entrance of a parking garage or a parking facility below a predetermined distance, the user is preferably asked via a software in his mobile device, if he wants to enter, and in case of an affirmation (step 2) a connection with a server for transmitting the location information and the user ID (step 3), wherein the location information and the user ID are transmitted to the server. Based on the location information, the parking space associated with the location according to the location information is determined in the server (step 4) and an electronic ticket is created (step 5), which is sent to the mobile telephone via a wireless connection for data communication and the corresponding software of the mobile telephone is stored on the server, wherein the parking barrier is controlled by the server in the opening direction (step 6) to allow the entry of the vehicle into the park (step 7). Optionally, when entering the license plate of the vehicle can be detected via a suitable device, the license plate is linked in the server with the user ID and / or the number of the electronic ticket.
  • The payment of the parking fee required for extension can be made via the mobile telephone via the connection to the server (step 8a), for example by transferring credit card data (step 9a) or debiting the account of the user at the park operator, whereby the payment transaction is with the number of the electronic ticket or in particular for the case that the electronic ticket is stored only on the server, linked to the user ID and stored in a corresponding database of the server.
  • Alternatively to this procedure, the parking fees can be paid in a conventional manner at a parking machine (step 8b), wherein the ticket number of the electronic ticket and / or in particular for the case that the electronic ticket is stored only on the server, the user ID via a NFC interaction between the mobile device and the parking machine or by scanning the exported as a QR code or as a one-dimensional barcode electronic ticket from the parking machine to the car park, the payment process associated with the user ID or the number of the electronic ticket and stored in a corresponding database of the server (step 9b).
  • After the settlement of the payment, the vehicle can leave the park, for example, via a GPS module of the mobile phone in the vehicle, a location determination is carried out (step 10) and the menu-driven user wishes his wish to "extend", followed by a connection to the server for transmitting the location information and the user ID and / or the number of the electronic ticket is established (step 11), wherein the location information and the user ID are transmitted to the server. On the basis of the location information, the parking space associated with the location in accordance with the location information is determined in the server (step 12) and it is determined whether the parking fees have been paid (step 13). If the parking fees have been paid, the parking barrier is controlled by the server in the opening direction (step 14) to allow the vehicle to extend. Here, optionally, the license plate of the vehicle can be detected. The optional step 15 represents the transmission of the transaction data to a customer relationship management module, in which the documentation and management of customer relationships takes place.
  • As already explained, the location information can be obtained by using a preferably non-contact connectable to the mobile device for the purpose of data communication customer medium which communicates via a built-RF transceiver with at least one of a parking barrier or access control device associated reading device in a predetermined frequency range , When the customer medium is detected by the reader, from the reader the customer medium transmits the location information of the parking barrier, which is transmitted from the customer medium to the mobile device. Subsequently, the location information is transmitted to the server together with the user ID.
  • By using a mobile device and possibly a customer medium and not a vehicle-mounted device, a person can use the inventive method with different vehicles without the need to install special devices in each vehicle. In addition, conventional mobile devices are used, so that the costs for the users of the method are low.

Claims (8)

  1. Method for entry and exit control in multi-storey car parks and parks, characterized in that the entrance or exit, in front of a vehicle, is determined based on a location of the vehicle, said after location of the vehicle, the location information by means of the mobile device via a radio - or mobile radio standard to a server that is capable of controlling the parking barriers of the entrances and exits, is transmitted, in case the owner of the mobile device is already registered with the server, also transmit the user ID to the server is and in the event that the owner of the mobile device is not registered on the server, the registration by means of the mobile device via the connection of the mobile device with the server and after registration is given a user ID, based on the data of the Location determination is determined in the server, before which entrance or exit the vehicle is, w obei in the event of entry a linked with the user ID ticket is sent in electronic form to the mobile device of the user or deposited in the server and the determined entrance assigned parking barrier or access control device is controlled to allow entry, wherein in the event of an exit, it is ascertained whether the parking fee has been paid and, in the case of a paid parking fee, the parking barrier or access control device assigned to the determined exit is activated in order to enable the exit.
  2. Method for entry and exit control in car parks and parks, according to claim 1, characterized in that the location by means of a GPS module of a mobile device located in the vehicle and / or in the case that the mobile device has a mobile phone functionality, via a GSM Location is performed.
  3. Method for entry and exit control in multi-storey car parks and parks, according to claim 1, characterized in that the location determination by scanning a mounted at the entrance or exit or available standing QR codes containing the location coordinates or the location name via the mobile device takes place.
  4. Method for entry and exit control in multi-storey car parks and parks, according to claim 1, characterized in that the location is determined by evaluation of the local wireless Local Aera Network (WLAN) connections of the mobile device.
  5. Method for entry and exit control in multi-storey car parks and parks, according to claim 1, characterized in that for locating a connectable to the mobile device for the purpose of data communication customer medium is used, which via a built-RF transceiver with at least one of a parking barrier or access control device associated reading device communicates in a predetermined frequency range, wherein when the customer medium is detected by the reading device, the location information of the entrance or exit is transmitted from the reading device to the customer medium, which is transmitted from the customer medium to the mobile device, from which it then the server is forwarded.
  6. Method for entry and exit control in multi-storey car parks and parks, according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a proactive location determination is performed, as soon as the mobile device of a user approaching an entrance or exit of a parking garage or a park below a predetermined distance in which the user is asked about appropriate software in his mobile device, whether he wants to move in and out, and in the case of an affirmative connection to the server for transmitting the location information and the user ID is established.
  7. Procedure for entry and exit control in multi-storey car parks and parks, according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the payment of the parking fees by means of the mobile device via the connection to the server or the parking fees are paid at a car park, the ticket number of the electronic Tickets and / or the user ID via an NFC interaction be transferred between the mobile device and the parking machine or by scanning the executed as a QR code or as a one-dimensional barcode electronic ticket from the parking machine to the car park, wherein, if the parking fees have been paid, the payment process with the user ID or with the Number of the electronic ticket linked and stored in a corresponding database of the server, so that when the vehicle is in front of an exit, after the transmission of the location information and the user ID and / or the number of the electronic ticket, the server the corresponding parking in Opening sense controls.
  8. Method for entry and exit control in multi-storey car parks and parks, according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the need for a registration is omitted, serving as a user ID one-to-one number of the mobile device.
EP13179400.0A 2013-08-06 2013-08-06 Method for controlling entry and exit in multi-storey car parks and parking facilities Pending EP2835788A1 (en)

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EP13179400.0A EP2835788A1 (en) 2013-08-06 2013-08-06 Method for controlling entry and exit in multi-storey car parks and parking facilities
US14/452,560 US9965902B2 (en) 2013-08-06 2014-08-06 Method for controlling entry and exit to parking garages and parking facilities

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