EP2620562A1 - System, method and use for minitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain - Google Patents

System, method and use for minitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP2620562A1
EP2620562A1 EP13152840.8A EP13152840A EP2620562A1 EP 2620562 A1 EP2620562 A1 EP 2620562A1 EP 13152840 A EP13152840 A EP 13152840A EP 2620562 A1 EP2620562 A1 EP 2620562A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
storm drain
sensor
environmental condition
main node
node
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
EP13152840.8A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Niels Dannrup
Lucas Åhlström
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dannrup Neils
Original Assignee
Dannrup Neils
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dannrup Neils filed Critical Dannrup Neils
Priority to EP13152840.8A priority Critical patent/EP2620562A1/en
Publication of EP2620562A1 publication Critical patent/EP2620562A1/en
Ceased legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/0401Gullies for use in roads or pavements
    • E03F5/0403Gullies for use in roads or pavements with a sediment trap
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/041Accessories therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/0401Gullies for use in roads or pavements
    • E03F5/0404Gullies for use in roads or pavements with a permanent or temporary filtering device; Filtering devices specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F7/00Other installations or implements for operating sewer systems, e.g. for preventing or indicating stoppage; Emptying cesspools

Definitions

  • the storm water may be filtered when entering the storm drain or when resident within the storm drain, in order to reduce the amount of pollutants in the storm water.
  • Another strategy is to lead the storm water to a purifying plant where the storm water is purified generally using different mechanical and chemical purifying steps.
  • Yet another strategy is to filter the storm water in the storm drain and subsequently lead the storm water to a purifying plant for a second subsequent cleaning.
  • a sudden discharge of a pollutant into the storm drain may damage the filter device resident within the storm drain.
  • a purifying plant connected to the storm drain concerned may become damaged if subjected to a sudden and/or considerable discharge of a pollutant.
  • any sudden discharge of a pollutant into the storm drain may result in that the capacity of the filter resident in the storm drain is insufficient, thus allowing polluted storm water to leave the storm drain unfiltered or at least unsatisfactory filtered.
  • Another problem is that, as the filter resident in the storm drain becomes saturated with pollutants, other objects or substances present in the storm water, the efficiency of the filter becomes reduced. As the filter becomes saturated the percolation capacity of the filter may also become reduced. As the percolation capacity of the filter is decreasing, the function of the storm drain may be affected, as the storm drain might no longer be able to receive the required amount of storm water per unit time, due to the reduced percolation capacity of the filter. This condition of insufficient percolation capacity may lead to flooding or undesired discharge of pollutions as the storm drain is no longer capable of receiving a required amount of storm water.
  • sensor any type of device or entity being capable of sensing a condition of any kind in the storm drain.
  • a sensor may for instance be configured to determine or sense a physical quantity such as the temperature or humidity in the storm drain, but may also be configured to determine e.g. the presence of a substance in the storm drain.
  • a sensor may be configured to determine e.g. a pressure or a flow. Consequently, depending on what is to be determined, various kinds of sensors may be employed.
  • the sensor or sensors in the storm drain are arranged in communication with or connected to a sub node. By arranging the sensors in communication with the sub node, information regarding the conditions as determined by the sensors may be transmitted to the sub node.
  • connection may be a physical galvanic connection, e.g. realized by means of conductive wires.
  • the connection may alternatively be any type of wireless connection based on radio frequency communications or any other suitable wireless technology, such as an optical connection, an acoustic connection, an inductive connection or the like.
  • sub node is to be interpreted as any device or entity being capable of receiving data from a sensor and transmitting data to a second entity, such as a main node. Further, the sub node may employ capabilities of processing the data received from the sensor. For instance, the sub node may convert the data from an analog format to a digital format or vice versa. The sub node may also compress, modulate, encrypt or in any other way alter the data received from the sensor.
  • data is meant any representation of information, analog or digital. Further, the data may be, compressed, modulated, encrypted or modified in any other way depending on the needs of the actual application in question.
  • main node is to be interpret as any device being capable of receiving data from a second entity, such as a sensor or a sub node, to which second entity the main node has been arranged in communication. Further, the main node may employ capabilities of processing the data received, e.g. in order monitor an environmental condition of a storm drain. For that reason the main node may be employed with a central processing unit, CPU, or similar. The CPU of the main node may run one of several programs for e.g. monitoring an environmental condition in the storm drain. The main node may convert the data from an analog format to a digital format or vice versa. The main node may also compress, modulate, encrypt or in any other way alter the data received. The main node may further comprise storage capabilities such as a hard drive, a memory card or any other type of volatile or non-volatile memory being capable of storing data.
  • the at least one sensor may be arranged in communication with the sub node by means of a radio frequency connection.
  • a radio frequency connection By arranging the sensor in communication with the sub node by means of a radio frequency connection, the sub node and the sensor may be located remote from one another without the need of installing any physical connection between the sensor and the sub node. Further, the use of a radio frequency connection requires no line of sight between the sensor and the sub node. The use of a radio frequency connection is thus advantageous in that the installation becomes easy and at the same time insensitive to the relative positioning of the sensor and the sub node.
  • the at least one sensor may be arranged on the filter unit of the filter device, on the floating carrier of the filter device, or in the storm drain in a position separate from the filter device. This is advantageous in that the position of the sensor may be altered depending on the need.
  • the sensor By arranging the sensor on the filter unit of the filter device, physical quantities related to the filter unit may be measured, as the sensor is brought in contact with the filter unit. In addition to the above, the sensor may easily be exchanged or inspected when exchanging the filter unit.
  • the sensor may be exchanged or inspected when exchanging or inspecting the floating carrier.
  • the senor may be arranged in any other position in the storm drain, such as in the storm water present in the catch basin or in the air filled vertical pipe above the filter device.
  • the arrangement of the sensor in question will depend on the condition to be measured, meaning that the sensor may be arranged in a, for the particular application, favorable position in the storm drain.
  • the at least one sensor may be chosen from the group consisting of: a pressure sensor, a flow sensor, a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, a light sensor, a gas sensor, a carbon dioxide sensor, an acceleration sensor, a hydro carbon sensor, an electrical field distribution sensor and an electrical field penetration sensor. This is advantageous in that a sensor suitable for the current need may be chosen.
  • the sub node may be arranged in communication with the main node by means of a radio frequency connection.
  • a radio frequency connection exhibits several advantages, as discussed above.
  • the main node may be arranged in communication with at least one external sensor arranged outside the storm drain for determining an environmental condition outside the storm drain, the communication being direct from the external sensor outside the storm drain to the main node or indirect to the main node by means of a sub node.
  • an external sensor outside the storm drain By arranging an external sensor outside the storm drain, an environmental condition outside the storm drain may be determined.
  • conclusions regarding conditions external to the storm drain may be drawn, such as the weather, the temperature, the light conditions or precipitation. The conclusions drawn may then be used as a basis for monitoring an environmental condition in the storm drain.
  • data from the external sensor outside the storm drain may be transmitted to the main node, where it may for example be stored, processed or transmitted further.
  • the at least one external sensor arranged outside the storm drain may be chosen from the group consisting of: a temperature sensor, an oxygen sensor, a carbon dioxide sensor, a moisture sensor, a light sensor, an acceleration sensor and a combustion gas sensor. This is advantageous in that a sensor suitable for the current need may be chosen.
  • the main node may be arranged in communication with at least one remote resource, which is advantageous in that the main node may communicate with and transmit data to and/or receive data from the remote resource.
  • the wording "remote resource" is to be interpret as any remotely located resource with which the main node may communicate.
  • the remote resource may for example be a server or several servers located remote from the main node.
  • the remote resource may be a data base which is updated or complemented by data transmitted from the main node.
  • the remote resource may be a database from which the main node may retrieve data.
  • the remote resource may be a data base which may be updated or complemented by data transmitted from the main node, and from which data base the main node may also retrieve data.
  • the remote resource may be an asset management system used to monitor and manage one or several systems of the above type.
  • the remote resource may be a Geographical Information System, GIS, or a digital map, used to monitor and manage one or several systems of the above type.
  • the remote resource may also be a mobile device, such as a mobile phone, a pager or similar.
  • the remote resource may comprise a plurality of resources of the same type or a mixture of resources of various types.
  • the remote resources may for natural reasons have various functions depending on the needs of the specific application.
  • the main node may be arranged in communication with the at least one remote resource by means of a radio frequency connection.
  • a radio frequency connection exhibits several advantages.
  • a method for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain comprising; providing a storm drain containing a filter device comprising a filter unit and a floating carrier for carrying the filter unit, arranging at least one sensor in the storm drain, determining an environmental condition in the storm drain using the at least one sensor, arranging the at least one sensor in communication with a sub node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain from the at least one sensor to the sub node, arranging the sub node in communication with a main node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain from the sub node to the main node, arranging the main node to process the data received in order to monitor the environmental condition in the storm drain.
  • features of this second aspect of the invention provide similar advantages as discussed above in relation to the first aspect of the invention.
  • the method may further comprise, arranging at least one external sensor outside the storm drain, determining an environmental condition outside the storm drain, and arranging the at least one external sensor arranged outside the storm drain in communication with the main node, the communication being direct from the external sensor outside the storm drain to the main node or indirect to the main node by means of a sub node.
  • the method may further comprise, arranging the main node in communication with at least one remote resource.
  • the method may further comprise, providing at least one additional storm drain containing a filter device comprising a filter unit and a floating carrier for carrying the filter unit, arranging at least one additional sensor in the at least one additional storm drain, determining an environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain using the at least one additional sensor, arranging the at least one additional sensor in communication with an additional sub node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain from the at least one additional sensor to the additional sub node, arranging the additional sub node in communication with the main node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain from the additional sub node to the main node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition outside the storm drain from the at least one external sensor arranged outside the storm drain to the main node, determining by means of the main node, based on the determined environmental condition outside the storm, an expected range for the determined environmental condition in the storm drain and an expected range for the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain, comparing by means of the main node
  • the signal may comprise data indicative of the storm drain in question.
  • the signal may also comprise additional information such as information concerning which environmental condition has been used to detect the potential malfunction, the determined value for the environmental condition in question or any other suitable information.
  • two or more storm drains 102, 104 may have the same sensor configuration and the same sub node configuration. Further, when a plurality of storm drains 102, 104 are used in the system 100, some of the storm drains 102, 104 may have the same sensor and/or sub node configuration, but at the same time other storm drains 102, 104, may have different sensor and/or sub node configurations.
  • a main node 120 may be mounted in an elevated position outside of the storm drains 102, 104, that are to be monitored. Further, external sensors 122, 124 are connected to the main node.
  • the main node 120 may in turn be connected to remote resources 126, 127 through a data channel of a mobile telephony system 128 or similar.
  • the connection form the main node 120 to the remote resources 126, 127 may be direct by means of e.g. a radio frequency connection and/or may use other suitable communications, such as a local area network, LAN, a wide area network, WAN, the internet or similar. It is to be understood that any number of remote resources 126, 127, including one, may be used in the system 100. Also, it is to be understood that any suitable data channel may be used to connect the main node 120 to the remote resources 126, 127.
  • the disclosed storm drains 102, 104 are both employed with a filter device 134.
  • the filter device 134 comprises a filter unit 130 and a floating carrier 132 respectively.
  • the exemplified storm drain 102 is employed with three different sensors 106, 108, 110.
  • the different sensors 106, 108, 110 are mounted in different locations within the storm drain 102.
  • Sensor 106 is mounted on the filter unit 130 of the filter device 134.
  • sensor 108 is mounted on the floating carrier 132 of the filter device 134, whereas sensor 110 is mounted separate from the filter device 134 present in the storm drain 102.
  • sensor 110 is mounted in a position separate from the filter device 134.
  • sensor 110 is mounted on an inner wall of the storm drain 102.
  • All three sensors 106, 108, 110 are arranged in communication with the sub node 116 present in the storm drain 102.
  • the sub node 116 is exemplified as being mounted on the filter unit 130. However, different positions of the sub node 116 are possible as disclosed above.
  • the disclosed sensors 106, 108, 110 are arranged in communication with or connected to the sub node 116 in different ways.
  • Sensor 106 is connected to the sub node 116 using a wire connection, meaning that the sensor 106 is connected to the sub node 116 by means of traditional conductive wires. In other words, the sensor 106 is galvanically connected to or arranged in communication with the sub node 116.
  • sensors 108, 110 are connected to the sub node 116 by means of a wireless connection.
  • sensors 108, 110 are connected to the sub node 116 using radio frequency communication.
  • the Radio frequency communication used in the connection will be discussed more in detail hereinafter.
  • the sub node 116 may be employed with capabilities for communication with sensors 106, 108, 110 trough both wireless and wired communication channels.
  • the sub node itself may be employed with sensors, not shown, present within the same housing. In this case the sensors are generally connected to the sub 116 node by means of a wired connection.
  • the sub node 116 may be employed with a battery, not shown, or any other suitable energy source.
  • the battery may be a rechargeable battery which may be recharged at regular intervals or charged by e.g. a solar panel or similar connected to the sub node 116.
  • the battery may also be a single use battery which has to be replaced at regular intervals, e.g. when replacing a filter unit 130 of a filter device 134.
  • the exemplified storm drain 104 is employed with two different sensors 112, 114 arranged in different positions within the storm drain 104.
  • both sensors, 112, 114 are arranged in communication with a sub node 118 arranged on an inner wall of the storm drain 104.
  • Both sensors 112, 114 are wirelessly connected to the sub node 118.
  • the sub node is positioned differently as compared to the exemplified storm drain 102.
  • different positions of the sub node 118 are possible as disclosed above.
  • sub nodes 116, 118 are employed with capabilities for being connected to or arranged in communication with the main node 120.
  • the sub nodes 116, 118 are connected to the main node 120 by means of a radio frequency connection. Details concerning the connection will be discussed more in detail hereinafter.
  • the exemplified main node 120 is as discussed above arranged in communication with two external sensors 122, 124.
  • External sensor 122 is connected to the main node 120 by means of a wire connection
  • external sensor 124 is connected to the main node 120 by means of a wireless connection.
  • the wireless connection between the external sensor 124 and the main node 120 may also in this case be realized using a radio frequency connection.
  • the main node 120 may comprise sensors, not shown, within the same housing as the main node 120 itself.
  • the external sensors 122, 124 may be connected directly to the main node 120 or indirectly by means of an additional sub node, not shown. In fact any of the sub nodes 116 ,118 may be used to connect the external sensors 122, 124 to the main node 120, as long as a radio frequency connection may be established.
  • main node 120 may be powered by being connected to mains but may at the same time comprise a rechargeable backup battery for powering the main node 120 in case of a power failure.
  • main node 120 may be powered only by being connected to mains or may be only battery powered.
  • the exemplified main node is arranged in communication with two remote resources 126, 127.
  • the main node 120 may be connected to the remote resources 126, 127 by means of a radio frequency connection in form of a data channel of mobile telephony system 128.
  • a radio frequency connection in form of a data channel of mobile telephony system 128.
  • the data channel of a conventional mobile telephone system 128, such as a GSM/GPRS or an UMTS system may be used.
  • the skilled person realizes that also other suitable radio frequency connections may be used to connect the main node 120 to the remote resources 126, 128.
  • the remote resource 126 of Fig. 1 may comprise a Geographical Information System, GIS.
  • GIS Geographical Information System
  • a GIS is generally a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present any type of geographical data.
  • the GIS comprises a digital map on which the respective storm drains 102, 104 are shown.
  • further information concerning the selected storm drain may be accessed through the GIS. For instance storm drain 102 may be selected, and the location of the storm drain 102 and the identity of the filter device 134 resident therein may be retrieved. Further, information pertaining to the measured environmental conditions in the selected storm drain 102 may be retrieved.
  • a current condition as sensed by the sensors 106, 108, 110 may be retrieved from the GIS.
  • historical data pertaining to previous conditions may be accessed through the GIS.
  • the stored historical data of the GIS may by way of example be subjected to data mining, which aims to find hidden patterns in the recorded data.
  • the skilled person realizes that a GIS may be employed for several additional purposes than the above examples, and that a GIS may comprise additional functionality.
  • a remote resource 126, 127 may be a cloud based storage service or a server based storage service.
  • a remote resource 126, 127 may also be a data base used to store data from the respective sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114, 120, 122 included in the system 100.
  • the remote resource 126, 127 may comprise data pertaining to pollutions that are to be monitored or may comprise data pertaining to the filter devices 134 in the monitored storm drains 102, 104.
  • the main node 120 of Fig. 1 comprises capabilities of processing data
  • the main node 120 may be set up to monitor the environmental conditions as determined by the sensors 106,108, 110, 112, 114, 120, 122.
  • the operator may request a current status by e.g. sending an SMS or similar to the main node 120.
  • sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 In order to determine environmental conditions in the storm drains 102, 104, various sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 capable of sensing various conditions may be employed.
  • a hydro carbon sensor In order to sense pollutions in the water of the storm drain, a hydro carbon sensor may be employed.
  • the "Leakwise detection system" commercially available from GE is an example of a commercially available hydro carbon sensor system capable of detecting e.g. oil leaks.
  • the main node 120 may be connected to a combustion gas sensor, which is capable of detecting combustion gases in the ambient air.
  • a combustion gas sensor is configured to detect various common combustion gases, such as alkenes, alkanes, acetylene, carbon dioxide and hydrogen. By employing a combustion gas sensor it is possible to determine e.g. a fire or a discharge of a combustion gases in proximity to the main node 120.
  • a method 200 according to the present invention for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain will be schematically described, with reference to Fig. 2 , which shows exemplifying steps of the method.
  • Fig. 2 shows exemplifying steps of the method.
  • the following non limiting examples of embodiments of an inventive method will for simplifying reasons be described when used in conjunction with a system 100 according to above.
  • the at least one sensor is arranged in communication with a sub node 116, 118.
  • a sub node 116, 118 As discussed above, several options for arranging the sensor 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 in communication with the sub node 116, 118 may be used.
  • the sub node 116, 118 is arranged in communication with a main node 120.
  • a main node 120 several options for arranging the sub node 116, 118 in communication with the main node 120 may be used.
  • At least one external sensor 120, 122 may be arranged outside the storm drain 102, 104 to determine an environmental condition outside the storm drain 102, 104.
  • the external sensor 120, 122 may as discussed above be arranged in direct communication with the main node 120 or indirect communication by means of a sub node.
  • the main node 120 may be arranged in communication with at least one remote resource 126, 127. As discussed above, several different connections may be used to arrange the main node 120 in communication with the remote resource 126, 127. Further, as also discussed above, the remote resource 126, 127 may be of various kind.
  • an expected range i.e. an allowed tolerance
  • the main node 120 it is thus possible, by means of the main node 120, to compare the determined environmental condition in the storm drain 102 and the additional storm drain 104 with the expected range, e.g. a flow of water greater than 1 liter per minute for both the storm drain 102 and the additional storm drain 104.
  • the expected range e.g. a flow of water greater than 1 liter per minute for both the storm drain 102 and the additional storm drain 104.
  • a signal may be generated by means of the main node 120 if the determined environmental condition, e.g. the water flow, in the storm drain 102 or the determined environmental condition, e.g. the water flow, in the at least one additional storm drain 104 may be determined to not be included in the expected ranges respectively.
  • the signal generated may be indicative of which storm drain 102, 104 has a determined environmental condition not included in its expected range.
  • a signal may be generated as it is expected that no or only a limited amount of water is to enter the storm drain 102, 104.
  • the signal may be indicative of which of storm drain 102, 104 has a determined condition not within an expected range. That is, the signal may be indicative of which storm drain 102, 104 is experiencing a potential a malfunction.

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Water Treatment By Sorption (AREA)
  • Sewage (AREA)
  • Arrangements For Transmission Of Measured Signals (AREA)
  • Testing Or Calibration Of Command Recording Devices (AREA)
  • Filtering Materials (AREA)
  • Respiratory Apparatuses And Protective Means (AREA)
  • Investigating Or Analyzing Materials By The Use Of Electric Means (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a system (100) for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain (102, 104), the system comprising: A storm drain (102, 104), containing a filter device (134) comprising a filter unit (130) and a floating carrier (132) for carrying the filter unit (130). At least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) arranged in the storm drain (102, 104), for determining an environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104). Wherein the at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) being arranged in communication with a sub node (116, 118) for transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104) to the sub node (116, 118). Wherein the sub node (116, 118) being arranged in communication with a main node (120) for transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104) to the main node (120). Wherein the main node (120) being arranged to process the data received in order to monitor the environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104). The invention also relates to a method (200) for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain (102, 104), and a use of the system (100).

Description

    Technical Field
  • The present invention generally relates to a system and a method for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain using sensors located within the storm drain. The invention also relates to a use of the system.
  • Background Art
  • Storm water, which also is called urban runoff, is surface runoff of rainwater, melted snow or ice, wash water or similar from different types of surfaces. Such surfaces may be parking lots, sidewalks, roofs, and similar surfaces, sometimes referred to as impervious surfaces. Water running off from such surfaces tends to become polluted by e.g. gasoline, oil, heavy metals, trash, fertilizers, pesticides and other pollutants. During rain and periods of snow melting, these surfaces carry polluted storm water to storm drains. Storm drains are generally connected to a drainage system for discharge into receiving surface waters, such as a canal, a river, a lake, a reservoir, the sea, an ocean, or other surface waters, with or without treatment of the storm water before discharge.
  • Storm drains generally comprise a vertical pipe having an inlet, such as a horizontal grated inlet or a side inlet, being connected to a drainage system. Such storm drains may comprise a catch basin, also called sump or gully-pot, for catching small objects, such as sediment, sand, gravel, pebbles, twigs, trash and similar. The catch basin serves as a water-filled trap for trapping objects and prevent such objects from entering the subsequent drainage system. Such catch basins also prevent gases from the drainage system from escaping. Generally, storm water from the top of the catch basin drains into the subsequent drainage system.
  • There is a continuously growing global desire to reduce the amount of pollutants, foreign substances and similar reaching various water courses or surface waters. In the strive to reduce the amount of pollutants reaching the water courses concerned, various strategies may be employed. For instance, the storm water may be filtered when entering the storm drain or when resident within the storm drain, in order to reduce the amount of pollutants in the storm water. Another strategy is to lead the storm water to a purifying plant where the storm water is purified generally using different mechanical and chemical purifying steps. Yet another strategy is to filter the storm water in the storm drain and subsequently lead the storm water to a purifying plant for a second subsequent cleaning.
  • Regardless of the strategy used to reduce the amount of pollutants in the storm water concerned, there is a need to be able to monitor what is occurring in the storm drains for receiving storm water.
  • For instance, a sudden discharge of a pollutant into the storm drain may damage the filter device resident within the storm drain. Also a purifying plant connected to the storm drain concerned may become damaged if subjected to a sudden and/or considerable discharge of a pollutant.
  • Similarly, any sudden discharge of a pollutant into the storm drain may result in that the capacity of the filter resident in the storm drain is insufficient, thus allowing polluted storm water to leave the storm drain unfiltered or at least unsatisfactory filtered.
  • Another problem is that, as the filter resident in the storm drain becomes saturated with pollutants, other objects or substances present in the storm water, the efficiency of the filter becomes reduced. As the filter becomes saturated the percolation capacity of the filter may also become reduced. As the percolation capacity of the filter is decreasing, the function of the storm drain may be affected, as the storm drain might no longer be able to receive the required amount of storm water per unit time, due to the reduced percolation capacity of the filter. This condition of insufficient percolation capacity may lead to flooding or undesired discharge of pollutions as the storm drain is no longer capable of receiving a required amount of storm water.
  • Under various conditions, storm drains may become blocked or clogged leading to that no or just little storm water may enter the storm drain. Under such conditions, the storm drain is in principle out of operation as its ability of receiving storm water is significantly reduced or virtually non-existent. Also a blocked or clogged storm drain may lead to flooding or undesired discharge of pollutions.
  • In order to avoid the above problems, storm drains and filters resident in storm drains are generally checked and emptied of foreign objects and substances at a regular basis. For instance the storm drain may be checked and its catch basin emptied once a year by means of a vacuum truck. This procedure do however only make sure that the storm drain or the filter is operating correctly, e.g. not being clogged, blocked or damaged, once a year. This means in practice that in the most extreme case it may take up to one year to detect that the storm drain or the filer is malfunctioning.
  • To monitor the function of the storm drain or the filter resident therein at shorter intervals is for natural reasons a time consuming and costly process.
  • Hence, there is a need for an improved system and method for monitoring an environmental condition in the storm drain.
  • Summary of the invention
  • According to a first aspect of the invention, the above is at least partly alleviated by a system for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain, the system comprising; a storm drain containing a filter device comprising a filter unit and a floating carrier for carrying the filter unit, at least one sensor arranged in the storm drain for determining an environmental condition in the storm drain, the at least one sensor being arranged in communication with a sub node for transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain to the sub node, the sub node being arranged in communication with a main node for transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain to the main node, the main node being arranged to process the data received in order to monitor the environmental condition in the storm drain.
  • By means of the invention it is possible to monitor an environmental condition in the storm drain, that is to monitor a physical quantity, a presence of a substance or similar in the storm drain. In order to do so one or several sensors are arranged within the storm drain.
  • By "sensor" is meant any type of device or entity being capable of sensing a condition of any kind in the storm drain. A sensor may for instance be configured to determine or sense a physical quantity such as the temperature or humidity in the storm drain, but may also be configured to determine e.g. the presence of a substance in the storm drain. Similarly, a sensor may be configured to determine e.g. a pressure or a flow. Consequently, depending on what is to be determined, various kinds of sensors may be employed.
  • The sensor or sensors in the storm drain are arranged in communication with or connected to a sub node. By arranging the sensors in communication with the sub node, information regarding the conditions as determined by the sensors may be transmitted to the sub node.
  • It should be noted that within the context of this application the term "being arranged in communication with" is to be interpreted as meaning any type of connection between entities enabling transfer of data. The connection may be a physical galvanic connection, e.g. realized by means of conductive wires. The connection may alternatively be any type of wireless connection based on radio frequency communications or any other suitable wireless technology, such as an optical connection, an acoustic connection, an inductive connection or the like.
  • The wording "sub node" is to be interpreted as any device or entity being capable of receiving data from a sensor and transmitting data to a second entity, such as a main node. Further, the sub node may employ capabilities of processing the data received from the sensor. For instance, the sub node may convert the data from an analog format to a digital format or vice versa. The sub node may also compress, modulate, encrypt or in any other way alter the data received from the sensor.
  • By "data" is meant any representation of information, analog or digital. Further, the data may be, compressed, modulated, encrypted or modified in any other way depending on the needs of the actual application in question.
  • The wording "main node" is to be interpret as any device being capable of receiving data from a second entity, such as a sensor or a sub node, to which second entity the main node has been arranged in communication. Further, the main node may employ capabilities of processing the data received, e.g. in order monitor an environmental condition of a storm drain. For that reason the main node may be employed with a central processing unit, CPU, or similar. The CPU of the main node may run one of several programs for e.g. monitoring an environmental condition in the storm drain. The main node may convert the data from an analog format to a digital format or vice versa. The main node may also compress, modulate, encrypt or in any other way alter the data received. The main node may further comprise storage capabilities such as a hard drive, a memory card or any other type of volatile or non-volatile memory being capable of storing data.
  • The at least one sensor may be arranged in communication with the sub node by means of a radio frequency connection. By arranging the sensor in communication with the sub node by means of a radio frequency connection, the sub node and the sensor may be located remote from one another without the need of installing any physical connection between the sensor and the sub node. Further, the use of a radio frequency connection requires no line of sight between the sensor and the sub node. The use of a radio frequency connection is thus advantageous in that the installation becomes easy and at the same time insensitive to the relative positioning of the sensor and the sub node.
  • The at least one sensor may be arranged on the filter unit of the filter device, on the floating carrier of the filter device, or in the storm drain in a position separate from the filter device. This is advantageous in that the position of the sensor may be altered depending on the need. By arranging the sensor on the filter unit of the filter device, physical quantities related to the filter unit may be measured, as the sensor is brought in contact with the filter unit. In addition to the above, the sensor may easily be exchanged or inspected when exchanging the filter unit. Similarly, by arranging the sensor on the floating carrier, physical quantities related to the floating carrier or to the storm water in which it floats, may be measured. Further, the sensor may be exchanged or inspected when exchanging or inspecting the floating carrier. In addition to the above, the sensor may be arranged in any other position in the storm drain, such as in the storm water present in the catch basin or in the air filled vertical pipe above the filter device. For natural reasons, the arrangement of the sensor in question will depend on the condition to be measured, meaning that the sensor may be arranged in a, for the particular application, favorable position in the storm drain.
  • The at least one sensor may be chosen from the group consisting of: a pressure sensor, a flow sensor, a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, a light sensor, a gas sensor, a carbon dioxide sensor, an acceleration sensor, a hydro carbon sensor, an electrical field distribution sensor and an electrical field penetration sensor. This is advantageous in that a sensor suitable for the current need may be chosen.
  • The sub node may be arranged in communication with the main node by means of a radio frequency connection. A radio frequency connection exhibits several advantages, as discussed above.
  • The main node may be arranged in communication with at least one external sensor arranged outside the storm drain for determining an environmental condition outside the storm drain, the communication being direct from the external sensor outside the storm drain to the main node or indirect to the main node by means of a sub node. By arranging an external sensor outside the storm drain, an environmental condition outside the storm drain may be determined. By determining an environmental condition outside the storm drain conclusions regarding conditions external to the storm drain may be drawn, such as the weather, the temperature, the light conditions or precipitation. The conclusions drawn may then be used as a basis for monitoring an environmental condition in the storm drain. Further, by arranging the external sensor outside the storm drain in communication with the main node, either directly or indirectly by means of a sub node, data from the external sensor outside the storm drain may be transmitted to the main node, where it may for example be stored, processed or transmitted further.
  • The at least one external sensor arranged outside the storm drain may be chosen from the group consisting of: a temperature sensor, an oxygen sensor, a carbon dioxide sensor, a moisture sensor, a light sensor, an acceleration sensor and a combustion gas sensor. This is advantageous in that a sensor suitable for the current need may be chosen.
  • The main node may be arranged in communication with at least one remote resource, which is advantageous in that the main node may communicate with and transmit data to and/or receive data from the remote resource.
  • The wording "remote resource" is to be interpret as any remotely located resource with which the main node may communicate. The remote resource may for example be a server or several servers located remote from the main node. Further, the remote resource may be a data base which is updated or complemented by data transmitted from the main node. Analogous, the remote resource may be a database from which the main node may retrieve data. Similarly, the remote resource may be a data base which may be updated or complemented by data transmitted from the main node, and from which data base the main node may also retrieve data. Further, the remote resource may be an asset management system used to monitor and manage one or several systems of the above type. In addition the remote resource may be a Geographical Information System, GIS, or a digital map, used to monitor and manage one or several systems of the above type. The remote resource may also be a mobile device, such as a mobile phone, a pager or similar. The remote resource may comprise a plurality of resources of the same type or a mixture of resources of various types.
  • As is apparent, the remote resources may for natural reasons have various functions depending on the needs of the specific application.
  • The main node may be arranged in communication with the at least one remote resource by means of a radio frequency connection. As discussed above, a radio frequency connection exhibits several advantages.
  • According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided a method for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain, the method comprising; providing a storm drain containing a filter device comprising a filter unit and a floating carrier for carrying the filter unit, arranging at least one sensor in the storm drain, determining an environmental condition in the storm drain using the at least one sensor, arranging the at least one sensor in communication with a sub node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain from the at least one sensor to the sub node, arranging the sub node in communication with a main node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain from the sub node to the main node, arranging the main node to process the data received in order to monitor the environmental condition in the storm drain. In general, features of this second aspect of the invention provide similar advantages as discussed above in relation to the first aspect of the invention.
  • The method may further comprise, arranging at least one external sensor outside the storm drain, determining an environmental condition outside the storm drain, and arranging the at least one external sensor arranged outside the storm drain in communication with the main node, the communication being direct from the external sensor outside the storm drain to the main node or indirect to the main node by means of a sub node.
  • The method may further comprise, arranging the main node in communication with at least one remote resource.
  • The method may further comprise, providing at least one additional storm drain containing a filter device comprising a filter unit and a floating carrier for carrying the filter unit, arranging at least one additional sensor in the at least one additional storm drain, determining an environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain using the at least one additional sensor, arranging the at least one additional sensor in communication with an additional sub node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain from the at least one additional sensor to the additional sub node, arranging the additional sub node in communication with the main node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain from the additional sub node to the main node, transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition outside the storm drain from the at least one external sensor arranged outside the storm drain to the main node, determining by means of the main node, based on the determined environmental condition outside the storm, an expected range for the determined environmental condition in the storm drain and an expected range for the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain, comparing by means of the main node, the determined environmental condition in the storm drain and the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain with the expected ranges respectively, generating a signal by means of the main node if the determined environmental condition in the storm drain or the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain is determined not to be included in the expected ranges respectively, wherein the signal at least being indicative of which storm drain has a determined environmental condition not included in its expected range.
  • By providing at least one additional storm drain, and monitoring an environmental condition in the additional storm drain as well as in the initial storm drain, several storm drains may be monitored simultaneously.
  • In addition, by determining an environmental condition outside the storm drains, conclusions regarding the conditions outside the storm drains may be drawn.
  • For instance, it is possible to detect the current weather and any precipitation, such as rain. Consequently, if the flow of storm water is determined and monitored in storm drains of the area where it rains, it could be expected that a flow of storm water is to be detectable in the storm drains during the rain. Given this, it is thus possible to detect, if for instance a storm drain is blocked or clogged or only has a reduced percolation capacity, by comparing the determined flows of the storm drains with expected flow ranges determined by the main node.
  • Similarly, it is also possible to detect a local leak of water or any other liquid if a flow is detected in a storm drain when it is not raining.
  • It is thus possible to generate a signal by means of the main node to indicate a potential malfunction of a storm drain or even worse a discharge of a pollution. The signal may comprise data indicative of the storm drain in question. The signal may also comprise additional information such as information concerning which environmental condition has been used to detect the potential malfunction, the determined value for the environmental condition in question or any other suitable information.
  • The method may further comprise, storing the signal in the main node or transmitting the signal from the main node to the at least one remote resource. This is advantageous in that the signal may be read out upon request or transmitted to a remote resource. By transmitting the signal to the remote resource a faster detection of a potential malfunction may be acquired.
  • According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a use of the above system for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain.
  • Further features of, and advantages with, the present invention will become apparent when studying the appended claims and the following description. The skilled person will realize that different features of the present invention may be combined to create embodiments other than those described in the following, without departing from the scope of the present invention.
  • Brief Description of the Drawings
  • The aspects of the invention, including some its particular features and advantages, will be readily understood from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the system according to an embodiment of the invention.
    • Fig. 2 is a schematic flow chart of the method according to an embodiment the invention.
    Detailed Description
  • The present invention will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which currently preferred embodiments of the invention are shown. The invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided for thoroughness and completeness, and fully convey the scope of the invention to the skilled person. Like reference characters refer to like elements throughout.
  • Referring now to the drawings and to Fig. 1, there is conceptually depicted a system 100 for monitoring one or several environmental conditions in one or several storm drains 102, 104. Each storm drain 102, 104, in which one or several environmental conditions are to be monitored, may be employed with sensors, 106, 108, 110, 112, 114. Further each storm drain 102, 104 may be employed with a sub node 116, 118. In Fig. 1 two storm drains 102, 104 are shown, it is however to be understood that more storm drains, not shown, and consequently more sensors, not shown, and more sub nodes, not shown, may be used in the system 100. Further, the sensor and sub node configuration shown in Fig. 1 is just an exemplifying configuration. Hence, it is to be understood that two or more storm drains 102, 104 may have the same sensor configuration and the same sub node configuration. Further, when a plurality of storm drains 102, 104 are used in the system 100, some of the storm drains 102, 104 may have the same sensor and/or sub node configuration, but at the same time other storm drains 102, 104, may have different sensor and/or sub node configurations.
  • A main node 120 may be mounted in an elevated position outside of the storm drains 102, 104, that are to be monitored. Further, external sensors 122, 124 are connected to the main node.
  • The main node 120 may in turn be connected to remote resources 126, 127 through a data channel of a mobile telephony system 128 or similar. The connection form the main node 120 to the remote resources 126, 127 may be direct by means of e.g. a radio frequency connection and/or may use other suitable communications, such as a local area network, LAN, a wide area network, WAN, the internet or similar. It is to be understood that any number of remote resources 126, 127, including one, may be used in the system 100. Also, it is to be understood that any suitable data channel may be used to connect the main node 120 to the remote resources 126, 127.
  • The disclosed storm drains 102, 104 are both employed with a filter device 134. The filter device 134 comprises a filter unit 130 and a floating carrier 132 respectively.
  • Now referring to the sensor and sub node configuration of the storm drain 102. As is shown in Fig. 1, the exemplified storm drain 102 is employed with three different sensors 106, 108, 110. The different sensors 106, 108, 110 are mounted in different locations within the storm drain 102. Sensor 106 is mounted on the filter unit 130 of the filter device 134. Correspondingly, sensor 108 is mounted on the floating carrier 132 of the filter device 134, whereas sensor 110 is mounted separate from the filter device 134 present in the storm drain 102. In other words, sensor 110 is mounted in a position separate from the filter device 134. In this particular case, sensor 110 is mounted on an inner wall of the storm drain 102. All three sensors 106, 108, 110 are arranged in communication with the sub node 116 present in the storm drain 102. The sub node 116 is exemplified as being mounted on the filter unit 130. However, different positions of the sub node 116 are possible as disclosed above. The disclosed sensors 106, 108, 110 are arranged in communication with or connected to the sub node 116 in different ways. Sensor 106 is connected to the sub node 116 using a wire connection, meaning that the sensor 106 is connected to the sub node 116 by means of traditional conductive wires. In other words, the sensor 106 is galvanically connected to or arranged in communication with the sub node 116. On the other hand, sensors 108, 110 are connected to the sub node 116 by means of a wireless connection. In this particular embodiment, sensors 108, 110 are connected to the sub node 116 using radio frequency communication. The Radio frequency communication used in the connection will be discussed more in detail hereinafter.
  • Consequently, the sub node 116 may be employed with capabilities for communication with sensors 106, 108, 110 trough both wireless and wired communication channels. In fact the sub node itself may be employed with sensors, not shown, present within the same housing. In this case the sensors are generally connected to the sub 116 node by means of a wired connection.
  • In order to drive the sub node 116, the sub node 116 may be employed with a battery, not shown, or any other suitable energy source. The battery may be a rechargeable battery which may be recharged at regular intervals or charged by e.g. a solar panel or similar connected to the sub node 116. The battery may also be a single use battery which has to be replaced at regular intervals, e.g. when replacing a filter unit 130 of a filter device 134.
  • Similarly, the exemplified storm drain 104 is employed with two different sensors 112, 114 arranged in different positions within the storm drain 104. In this case both sensors, 112, 114 are arranged in communication with a sub node 118 arranged on an inner wall of the storm drain 104. Both sensors 112, 114 are wirelessly connected to the sub node 118. In the exemplified storm drain 104, the sub node is positioned differently as compared to the exemplified storm drain 102. However, different positions of the sub node 118 are possible as disclosed above.
  • Depending on the current need, different sensors or sensor configurations including different sensor positions may be used, as will be discussed more in detail hereinafter.
  • Further, the sub nodes 116, 118 are employed with capabilities for being connected to or arranged in communication with the main node 120. The sub nodes 116, 118 are connected to the main node 120 by means of a radio frequency connection. Details concerning the connection will be discussed more in detail hereinafter.
  • The exemplified main node 120 is as discussed above arranged in communication with two external sensors 122, 124. External sensor 122 is connected to the main node 120 by means of a wire connection, whereas external sensor 124 is connected to the main node 120 by means of a wireless connection. The wireless connection between the external sensor 124 and the main node 120 may also in this case be realized using a radio frequency connection. Just like the sub nodes 116, 118, the main node 120 may comprise sensors, not shown, within the same housing as the main node 120 itself.
  • Further, the external sensors 122, 124 may be connected directly to the main node 120 or indirectly by means of an additional sub node, not shown. In fact any of the sub nodes 116 ,118 may be used to connect the external sensors 122, 124 to the main node 120, as long as a radio frequency connection may be established.
  • Further, the main node 120 may be powered by being connected to mains but may at the same time comprise a rechargeable backup battery for powering the main node 120 in case of a power failure. As is apparent, the main node 120 may be powered only by being connected to mains or may be only battery powered.
  • Further, the exemplified main node is arranged in communication with two remote resources 126, 127. The main node 120 may be connected to the remote resources 126, 127 by means of a radio frequency connection in form of a data channel of mobile telephony system 128. Generally, the data channel of a conventional mobile telephone system 128, such as a GSM/GPRS or an UMTS system, may be used. The skilled person realizes that also other suitable radio frequency connections may be used to connect the main node 120 to the remote resources 126, 128.
  • The remote resource 126 of Fig. 1, may comprise a Geographical Information System, GIS. A GIS is generally a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present any type of geographical data. In the shown embodiment, the GIS comprises a digital map on which the respective storm drains 102, 104 are shown. Just to give a simple example, by selecting any of the storm drains 102, 104, further information concerning the selected storm drain may be accessed through the GIS. For instance storm drain 102 may be selected, and the location of the storm drain 102 and the identity of the filter device 134 resident therein may be retrieved. Further, information pertaining to the measured environmental conditions in the selected storm drain 102 may be retrieved. For instance, a current condition as sensed by the sensors 106, 108, 110, may be retrieved from the GIS. Also historical data pertaining to previous conditions may be accessed through the GIS. The stored historical data of the GIS may by way of example be subjected to data mining, which aims to find hidden patterns in the recorded data. The skilled person realizes that a GIS may be employed for several additional purposes than the above examples, and that a GIS may comprise additional functionality.
  • The remote resource 127 of Fig. 1 may be an asset management system used to manage and monitor the storm drains 102, 104 and the filter devices 134 resident therein. The asset management system 127, comprises information of the monitored storm drains 102, 104 and of the filter devices 134 resident therein. The identity of each filter device 134 may be stored in the asset management system. In fact each filter unit 130 and each floating carrier 132 may be employed with a unique identification number, UIN. The UIN may advantageously be stored in a passive RFID device or tag.
  • Several other remote resources 126, 127 are possible without departing from the scope of the invention. For instance, a remote resource 126, 127 may be a cloud based storage service or a server based storage service. A remote resource 126, 127 may also be a data base used to store data from the respective sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114, 120, 122 included in the system 100. Further the remote resource 126, 127 may comprise data pertaining to pollutions that are to be monitored or may comprise data pertaining to the filter devices 134 in the monitored storm drains 102, 104.
  • Now referring to the main node 120 of Fig. 1. The exemplified main node 120 comprises capabilities of processing data received from the sub nodes 116, 118 or the external sensors 122, 124, connected thereto. For that reason the main node 120 may be employed with a central processing unit, CPU. The main node 120 may run an operating system. Preferably, the main node may run Windows Mobile an embedded XP operation system, Apple iOS, Android or other Apple compatible operation systems. The main node 120 may however run other suitable operating systems.
  • As the main node 120 of Fig. 1 comprises capabilities of processing data, the main node 120 may be set up to monitor the environmental conditions as determined by the sensors 106,108, 110, 112, 114, 120, 122.
  • Further, the main node 120 of Fig. 1 may be set up to generate a signal if one of several of the determined environmental conditions are determined to not fulfill a predetermined criteria. For instance, a signal may be generated by the main node 120 if any of the sensors 106,108, 110, 112, 114 determines an environmental condition corresponding to the presence of a monitored pollution.
  • The signal generated may be sent to a remote resource and/or to an operator. As the main node may be connected to the mobile telephone system 128 the signal may be sent as a SMS, Short Message Service, directly to the mobile or cellular phone of the operator. The signal may be sent to a specific mobile phone or to a group of mobile phones. Further, the main node 120, may additionally place a call, send an email or similar to notify an operator.
  • Contrary, the operator may request a current status by e.g. sending an SMS or similar to the main node 120.
  • Further, the main node of Fig 1 may be employed with storage capabilities for storing data. For instance, if the main node 120 may be located in a remote area where there is no mobile phone reception, data received and analyzed by the main node may have to be stored locally as it cannot be sent to any remote resource 126, 127. For this reason the main node may be employed with an internal storage and/or a slot/connection for a removable storage media.
  • The exemplifying main node 120 of Fig 1 may be employed with a GPS receiver which may be used to determine the position of the main node 120. In addition, the main node 120, may be employed with an acceleration sensor. By employing an acceleration sensor, it is possible to detect if the main node 120 is moved. A sudden movement of the main node 120 may be indicative of e.g. a theft attempt or of that the main node has been moved from its intended position.
  • Now referring to the sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114. In order to determine environmental conditions in the storm drains 102, 104, various sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 capable of sensing various conditions may be employed.
  • The temperature of the air or the water in the storm drain 102, 104 may be determined using different types of suitable temperature sensors. Also the humidity of the air of the storm drain 102, 104 may be measured, by means of a humidity sensor. In addition the light level in the storm drain may be measured using a light sensor. Also a gas sensor being capable of sensing the presence of various gases may be employed in the storm drain 102, 104.
  • In order to sense pollutions in the water of the storm drain, a hydro carbon sensor may be employed. The "Leakwise detection system" commercially available from GE is an example of a commercially available hydro carbon sensor system capable of detecting e.g. oil leaks.
  • As the filter unit 130 of the filter device 134 absorbs pollutions or similar, the weight of the filter unit 130 increases, meaning that the depth of the filter device 134 in the water of the storm drain 102, 104 increases. Thus, by employing a pressure sensor arranged on the filter device 134 below the surface of the water in the storm drain 102, 104, the pressure may be measured and the depth calculated. Consequently, it is possible to determine the remaining filter capacity by measuring the current depth of the filter device 134 in the water of the storm drain 102, 104.
  • Another approach that may be used to determine the presence of absorbed pollutions or similar in the filter unit 130 of the filter device 134 is to use an electrical field distribution sensor. By measuring an electrical field distribution in e.g. an electrically conductive grid present in the filter unit 130 alternations to the electrical field may be detected. As the grid becomes polluted its characteristics becomes altered. In other words, a clean grid with no pollutions will exhibit certain characteristics when subjected to an electrical field, whereas the same grid will exhibit different characteristics once polluted.
  • Yet another approach to determine the presence of absorbed pollutions or similar in the filter unit 130 of the filter device 134 may be to use a field penetration sensor. A field penetration sensor is a device which is used to determine how an electrical field penetrates an object. Generally a lower frequency has a better penetration capability as compared to a higher frequency. Consequently, it is possible to measure the presence of absorbed pollutions or similar in the filter unit 130 of the filter device 134 by exhibiting the filter unit 130 to an electrical field and measure how the electrical field penetrates the filter unit 130. In practice, the energy of the electrical field will have to be increased or the wave length of the electrical field will have to be lowered in order to have the electrical field penetrate the filter unit 130 as the filter unit absorbs pollutions or similar.
  • In practice, as discussed above, the sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 may be selected to meet specific needs of a particular storm drain 102, 104. Just to give an example, if a storm drain is situated in a factory yard where there is an increased risk of oil spills or oil leakages, a sensor or sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 capable of sensing oil may advantageously be provided in the storm drains 102, 104 to be monitored.
  • Similarly, if a storm drain 102, 104 is situated in an area where a discharge of fertilizers or pesticides are expected, sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 capable of determining a presence of the fertilizers or pesticides in question, may be employed in order to monitor the expected discharge.
  • Hence, the skilled person realizes that different sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 may be used depending on the current need, and that various types of sensors may be used to sense the same environmental condition.
  • Further, according to some embodiments, the main node 120 may be employed with external sensors for determining conditions external of the storm drains 102, 104 of the system 100. For instance, the main node 120 may comprise an external temperature sensor being capable of determining ambient temperatures between -40°C and 120°C with an accuracy of ± 0,3°C. According to some embodiments the oxygen content, O2, and the carbon dioxide content, CO2, of the ambient air, external of the storm drains 102, 104 of the system 100, may be measured using suitable external sensors connected to the main node 120. The relative humidity of the ambient air may also be measured using a humidity sensor connected to the main node 120.
  • The skilled person realizes that several different types of external sensors may be employed in order to measure the above exemplifying parameters or other relevant parameters, external of the storm drains 102, 104 of the system 100.
  • For instance, several different temperature sensors using different sensing techniques may be used in order to measure the temperature by or in proximity to the main node 120. Similarly, several different types of gas sensors and humidity sensors may be used. By measuring the above parameters, it is possible to draw conclusions regarding a current environmental conditions in proximity to the main node 120. For instance, the relative humidity will increase to about 100% when it is raining. Similarly, the temperature will generally decrease as it starts to rain. Given this it is thus possible to detect e.g. a rainfall by means of the main node 120 and the external sensors 122, 124 connected thereto.
  • According to some embodiments, the main node 120 may be connected to a combustion gas sensor, which is capable of detecting combustion gases in the ambient air. Generally, a combustion gas sensor is configured to detect various common combustion gases, such as alkenes, alkanes, acetylene, carbon dioxide and hydrogen. By employing a combustion gas sensor it is possible to determine e.g. a fire or a discharge of a combustion gases in proximity to the main node 120.
  • The skilled person realizes that other kinds of sensors may be employed to detect other environmental conditions in proximity to the main node 120.
  • Now referring to the previously mentioned radio frequency connection. As has been discussed above, a radio frequency connection may be used between the sensors 108, 110, 112, 114 and their respective sub nodes 116, 118, between the sub nodes 116, 118 and the main node 120 as well as between the external sensor 124 and the main node of Fig. 1. The radio frequency connection of Fig.1 may be based on a short range wireless link using a low transmission power. Due to legislative requirements only certain frequencies may be used. In different jurisdictions, different frequencies may be allowed and consequently used. According to currently preferred embodiments 2,4 GHz or 433 MHz are used.
  • The radio frequency connection may preferably be set up as a dual-directional connection, meaning that data may be transmitted both to and from the sensors 108, 110, 112, 114, the sub nodes 116, 118 and the main node 120. Also a single directional connection capable of transferring data in a single direction may be used. Preferably 433 MHz may be used to realize the downlink from the main node 120 to the sub nodes 116, 118 and from the sub nodes 116, 118 to the sensors 108, 110, 112, 114. Correspondingly, it is preferred to use 2,4 GHz to realize the uplink from the sensors 108, 110, 112, 114 to the sub nodes 116, 118 and from the sub nodes 116, 118 to the main node 120. Typically the range of the 2,4 GHz uplink is over 100 m.
  • By utilizing a dual-directional connection it may not just be possible to monitor environmental conditions in a storm drain 102, 104, but also possible to e.g. reconfigure or reset the sub nodes 116, 118 and sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114, 122, 124 used. Just to give a few examples, the sampling interval of the sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 may be reconfigured using the dual-directional connection described above. Similarly, some sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114, 122, 124 may be deactivated. The skilled person realizes that several other operations to the sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 and the sub nodes 116, 118 may be performed using the dual-directional connection described above.
  • Using the above described radio frequency connection, up to 200 sub nodes 116, 118 may be connected to the same main node 120. Consequently, up to 200 storm drains 102, 104 may be monitored by means of the same main node 120.
  • The skilled person realizes that any suitable radio frequency connection may be used. For instance a communication based on RFID, Bluetooth, Zigbee or similar may be used.
  • Similarly, a plurality of main nodes 120 may be connected to the same remote resource 126, 127, meaning that any number of storm drains 102, 104 may be monitored using the same asset management system, GIS or similar.
  • In the following an embodiment of a method 200 according to the present invention for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain will be schematically described, with reference to Fig. 2, which shows exemplifying steps of the method. The following non limiting examples of embodiments of an inventive method will for simplifying reasons be described when used in conjunction with a system 100 according to above.
  • In a first step 202 of the exemplifying method, a storm drain 102, 104 containing a filter device 134 comprising a filter unit 130 and a floating carrier 132 for carrying the filter unit 130 is provided.
  • In a second step 204 of the exemplifying method, at least one sensor 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 is arranged in the storm drain 102, 104. As discussed above, in conjunction with the system 100, the sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 may be of various kinds and aimed at determining various environmental conditions in the storm drain 102, 104.
  • In a third step 206 of the exemplifying method, an environmental condition in the storm drain 102, 104 is determined using the at least one sensor 106, 108, 110, 112, 114.
  • In a fourth step 208 of the exemplifying method, the at least one sensor is arranged in communication with a sub node 116, 118. As discussed above, several options for arranging the sensor 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 in communication with the sub node 116, 118 may be used.
  • In a fifth step 210 of the exemplifying method, data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain 102, 104 is transmitted from the sensor 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 to the sub node 116, 118.
  • In sixth step 212 of the exemplifying method, the sub node 116, 118 is arranged in communication with a main node 120. Similarly, as discussed above, several options for arranging the sub node 116, 118 in communication with the main node 120 may be used.
  • In a seventh step 214 of the exemplifying method, data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain 102, 104 is transmitted from the sub node 116, 118 to the main node 120.
  • In an eight step 116 of the exemplifying method, the main node 120 is arranged to process the data received in order to monitor the environmental condition in the storm drain. As discussed above, the main node 120 may monitor the determined condition and based on the determined condition e.g. generate a signal for alerting an operator or a remote resource 126, 127.
  • According to an embodiment of the inventive method, at least one external sensor 120, 122 may be arranged outside the storm drain 102, 104 to determine an environmental condition outside the storm drain 102, 104. The external sensor 120, 122 may as discussed above be arranged in direct communication with the main node 120 or indirect communication by means of a sub node.
  • According to an embodiment of the inventive method, the main node 120 may be arranged in communication with at least one remote resource 126, 127. As discussed above, several different connections may be used to arrange the main node 120 in communication with the remote resource 126, 127. Further, as also discussed above, the remote resource 126, 127 may be of various kind.
  • According to an embodiment of the inventive method, at least one additional storm drain 104 may be provided. The at least one additional storm drain may just like the initial storm drain 102 be provided with at least one sensor 112, 114 in communication with a sub node 118. The sub node 118 of the additional storm drain 104 may be provided in communication with the main node 120. Consequently, data regarding an environmental condition in the additional storm drain 104 may be transmitted from the sensor 112, 114 to the sub node 118 and from the sub node 118 to the main node 120.
  • In the following, data regarding a determined environmental condition outside the storm drains 102, 104, as determined by the external sensor 122, 124 outside the storm drains 102, 104 may be transmitted to the main node 120.
  • In the following, it may be determined by means of the main node 120, based on the determined environmental condition outside the storm drains 102, 104, an expected range, i.e. an allowed tolerance, for the determined environmental condition in the storm drain 102 and an expected range for the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain 104. For instance if the environmental condition outside the storm drains 102, 104 is indicative of a rainfall, it is expected that storm water originating from the rainfall will enter the storm drain 102 and the additional storm drain 104. This means in practice that a flow of storm water into the storm drain 102 and the additional storm drain 104 should be detectable given that sensors 106, 108, 110, 112, 114 capable of determining a flow of storm water into the storm drain 102 and the additional storm drain 104 has been provided in the respective storm drains 102, 104.
  • It is thus possible, by means of the main node 120, to compare the determined environmental condition in the storm drain 102 and the additional storm drain 104 with the expected range, e.g. a flow of water greater than 1 liter per minute for both the storm drain 102 and the additional storm drain 104.
  • Following this, a signal may be generated by means of the main node 120 if the determined environmental condition, e.g. the water flow, in the storm drain 102 or the determined environmental condition, e.g. the water flow, in the at least one additional storm drain 104 may be determined to not be included in the expected ranges respectively. The signal generated may be indicative of which storm drain 102, 104 has a determined environmental condition not included in its expected range.
  • In the above example it is thus possible to detect that the flow of storm water is not as large as expected in one or both of the monitored storm drains 102, 104. Consequently, it is likely that a storm drain 102, 104 not having an expected flow of storm water is clogged, blocked or experiencing a similar problem.
  • Contrary, if a flow of storm water is detected into a storm drain 102, 104, at a time where no flow is expected based on the determined environmental condition outside the storm drain, e.g. during a time with no rain, a signal may be generated as it is expected that no or only a limited amount of water is to enter the storm drain 102, 104. In case a plurality of storm drains 102,104 are monitored, the signal may be indicative of which of storm drain 102, 104 has a determined condition not within an expected range. That is, the signal may be indicative of which storm drain 102, 104 is experiencing a potential a malfunction.
  • Similarly, it is to be expected that light enters a storm drain 102, 104 during daytime, i.e. when light may be detected outside the storm drain 102, 104. It is thus possible to detect that a storm drain is clogged or blocked by determining an expected light level within the monitored storm drains 102, 104. A light level not within its expected range may consequently be indicative of e.g. a blocking above the storm drain 102, 104 concerned. For instance, someone might have placed a dumpster or similar above the storm drain 102, 104.
  • The above described signal indicative of which storm drain 102,104 has a determined environmental condition not included in its expected range may be stored in the main node 120 or transmitted to a remote resource 126, 127 or an operator, as discussed above.
  • Although the figures may show a specific order of method steps, the order of the steps may differ from what is depicted. Also two or more steps may be performed concurrently or with partial concurrence. Such variation will depend on the software and hardware systems chosen and on designer choice. All such variations are within the scope of the disclosure. Additionally, even though the invention has been described with reference to a few specific exemplifying embodiments thereof, many different alterations, modifications and the like will become apparent for the skilled person. Variations to the disclosed embodiments may be understood and effected by the skilled person in practicing the claimed invention, from a study of the drawings, the disclosure, and the appended claims. Furthermore, in the claims, the word "comprising" does not exclude other elements or steps, and the indefinite article "a" or "an" does not exclude a plurality.

Claims (15)

  1. System (100) for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain (102, 104), the system comprising;
    a storm drain (102, 104), containing a filter device (134) comprising a filter unit (130) and a floating carrier (132) for carrying the filter unit (130),
    at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) arranged in the storm drain (102, 104), for determining an environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104),
    the at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) being arranged in communication with a sub node (116, 118) for transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104) to the sub node (116, 118),
    the sub node (116, 118) being arranged in communication with a main node (120) for transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104) to the main node (120),
    the main node (120) being arranged to process the data received in order to monitor the environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104).
  2. System (100) according to claim 1, wherein the at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) is arranged in communication with the sub node (116, 118) by means of a radio frequency connection.
  3. System (100) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) is arranged on the filter unit (130) of the filter device (134), on the floating carrier (132) of the filter device (134), or in the storm drain (102, 104) in a position separate from the filter device (134).
  4. System (100) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) is chosen from the group consisting of; a pressure sensor, a flow sensor, a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, a light sensor, a gas sensor, a carbon dioxide sensor, an acceleration sensor, a hydro carbon sensor, an electrical field distribution sensor, and an electrical field penetration sensor.
  5. System (100) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the sub node (116, 118) is arranged in communication with the main node (120) by means of a radio frequency connection.
  6. System (100) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the main node (120) is arranged in communication with at least one external sensor (122, 124) arranged outside the storm drain (102, 104) for determining an environmental condition outside the storm drain (102, 104), the communication being direct from the external sensor (122, 124) outside the storm drain (102, 104) to the main node (120) or indirect to the main node (120) by means of a sub node.
  7. System (100) according to claim 6, wherein the at least one external sensor (122, 124) arranged outside the storm drain is chosen from the group consisting of; a temperature sensor, an oxygen sensor, a carbon dioxide sensor, a moisture sensor, a light sensor, an acceleration sensor and a combustion gas sensor.
  8. System (100) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the main node (120) is arranged in communication with at least one remote resource (126, 127).
  9. System (100) according to claim 8, wherein the main node (120) is arranged in communication with the at least one remote resource (126, 127) by means of a radio frequency connection.
  10. Method (200) for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain (102, 104), the method comprising;
    providing (202) a storm drain (102, 104) containing a filter device (134) comprising a filter unit (130) and a floating carrier (132) for carrying the filter unit (130),
    arranging (204) at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) in the storm drain (102, 104),
    determining (206) an environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104) using the at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114),
    arranging (208) the at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) in communication with a sub node (116, 118),
    transmitting (210) data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104) from the at least one sensor (106, 108, 110, 112, 114) to the sub node (116, 118),
    arranging (212) the sub node (116, 118) in communication with a main node (120),
    transmitting (214) data regarding the determined environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104) from the sub node (116, 118) to the main node (120),
    arranging (216) the main node (120) to process the data received in order to monitor the environmental condition in the storm drain (102, 104).
  11. Method (200) according to claim 10, the method further comprising,
    arranging at least one external sensor (122, 124) outside the storm drain (102, 104),
    determining an environmental condition outside the storm drain (102, 104), and
    arranging the at least one external sensor (122, 124) arranged outside the storm drain (102, 104) in communication with the main node (120), the communication being direct from the external sensor (122, 124) outside the storm drain (102, 104) to the main node (120) or indirect to the main node (120) by means of a sub node (116, 118).
  12. Method (200) according to claim 10 or 11, the method further comprising,
    arranging the main node (120) in communication with at least one remote resource (126, 127).
  13. Method (200) according to claim 11 or 12, the method further comprising,
    providing at least one additional storm drain (104) containing a filter device (134) comprising a filter unit (130) and a floating carrier (132) for carrying the filter unit (130),
    arranging at least one additional sensor (112, 114) in the at least one additional storm drain (104),
    determining an environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain (104) using the at least one additional sensor (112, 114),
    arranging the at least one additional sensor (112, 114) in communication with an additional sub node (118),
    transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain (104) from the at least one additional sensor (112, 114) to the additional sub node (118),
    arranging the additional sub node (118) in communication with the main node (120),
    transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain (102, 104) from the additional sub node (116, 118) to the main node (120),
    transmitting data regarding the determined environmental condition outside the storm drain from the at least one external sensor (122, 124) arranged outside the storm drain (102, 104) to the main node (120),
    determining by means of the main node (120), based on the determined environmental condition outside the storm (102, 104), an expected range for the determined environmental condition in the storm drain (102) and an expected range for the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain (104),
    comparing by means of the main node (120), the determined environmental condition in the storm drain (102) and the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain (104) with the expected ranges respectively,
    generating a signal by means of the main node (120) if the determined environmental condition in the storm drain (102) or the determined environmental condition in the at least one additional storm drain (104) is determined not to be included in the expected ranges respectively, wherein the signal at least being indicative of which storm drain (102, 104) has a determined environmental condition not included in its expected range.
  14. Method according to claim 13, the method further comprising,
    storing the signal in the main node (120) or transmitting the signal from the main node to the at least one remote resource (126, 127).
  15. Use of the system (100) according to any one of claims 1 - 10 for monitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain (102, 104).
EP13152840.8A 2012-01-30 2013-01-28 System, method and use for minitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain Ceased EP2620562A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP13152840.8A EP2620562A1 (en) 2012-01-30 2013-01-28 System, method and use for minitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP12153111.5A EP2620561B1 (en) 2012-01-30 2012-01-30 A device and a method for filtering stormwater
EP13152840.8A EP2620562A1 (en) 2012-01-30 2013-01-28 System, method and use for minitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2620562A1 true EP2620562A1 (en) 2013-07-31

Family

ID=47471816

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP12153111.5A Active EP2620561B1 (en) 2012-01-30 2012-01-30 A device and a method for filtering stormwater
EP13152840.8A Ceased EP2620562A1 (en) 2012-01-30 2013-01-28 System, method and use for minitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP12153111.5A Active EP2620561B1 (en) 2012-01-30 2012-01-30 A device and a method for filtering stormwater

Country Status (11)

Country Link
US (2) US20130233806A1 (en)
EP (2) EP2620561B1 (en)
JP (2) JP6073927B2 (en)
CN (2) CN104220680B (en)
CA (2) CA2862321C (en)
DK (1) DK2620561T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2534002T3 (en)
PL (1) PL2620561T3 (en)
PT (1) PT2620561E (en)
SG (2) SG11201404442XA (en)
WO (2) WO2013113449A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI743024B (en) 2014-06-06 2021-10-21 美商健臻公司 Perfusion culturing methods and uses thereof
CN104390143A (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-03-04 成都众山科技有限公司 Urban water drainage system trench terminal convenient for reduction of energy consumption
CN104213626A (en) * 2014-09-23 2014-12-17 成都众山科技有限公司 Ditch terminal of urban sewerage system
SE538998C2 (en) * 2014-09-30 2017-03-14 Beyond Clean Water Ab C/O Optineo Ab Device for filtering storm water
CN104857815B (en) * 2015-04-24 2018-03-02 华南师范大学 A kind of device and its sorbent preparation method suitable for sewer pernicious gas in-situ control
CN105926732A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-09-07 无锡昊瑜节能环保设备有限公司 Automatic-induction type sewer pipeline filter
US20180291610A1 (en) * 2017-04-07 2018-10-11 John Henry System and Method for Identifying and Inspecting a Drain
CN107103412B (en) * 2017-04-11 2020-08-21 山东大学 River water resource asset liability system and calculation method thereof
US11027229B1 (en) * 2017-11-17 2021-06-08 Hemp-Shire LLC Activated hemp filters and method of making activated hemp filters
US20190249406A1 (en) * 2018-02-15 2019-08-15 Environmental Quality Resources, Inc. Remote stormwater management pond volume adjustment system
DE102018128443A1 (en) * 2018-11-13 2020-05-14 ACO Severin Ahlmann GmbH & Co Kommanditgesellschaft Drainage system and trench
CN110533890B (en) * 2019-09-11 2021-06-04 苏州千层茧农业科技有限公司 Simple sewer blockage emergency early warning and issuing system
DE202019105919U1 (en) * 2019-10-24 2021-01-27 Rehau Ag + Co Fluid management system
DE102019128785A1 (en) * 2019-10-24 2021-04-29 Rehau Ag + Co Method for predicting an operating state of a fluid management system
CN111074991B (en) * 2019-12-07 2020-12-18 卢佳毅 Municipal drainage ditch with vegetation planting layer
US11043103B1 (en) 2020-09-02 2021-06-22 Zurn Industries, Llc Connected roof drain
SE2250052A1 (en) * 2022-01-21 2023-02-28 Acitex Miljoeskydd Ab A storm drain filter for adsorbing oil, petroleum based liquids and micro plastics, a storm drain filter locking unit, and a method for assembling such a storm drain filter
CN114808169B (en) * 2022-04-28 2023-03-31 江苏国望高科纤维有限公司 Sand leveling device
KR102489751B1 (en) * 2022-05-03 2023-01-18 박진석 Non-powered rainwater filtration device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050218049A1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2005-10-06 Henry Happel Floating storm water drain basket
US20050230317A1 (en) * 2004-04-20 2005-10-20 Environmental Equipment Service Corp. Watershed runoff drainage device & method
US20070159326A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2007-07-12 Quist Gregory M Methods, apparatuses, and systems for monitoring environmental parameters within an enclosure
WO2009101597A2 (en) * 2008-02-13 2009-08-20 Telematics Wireless Ltd. Sensor network for liquid drainage systems
GB2472690A (en) * 2009-08-13 2011-02-16 Forest Drainage Products Ltd Floating filter adapted for use in a road gully or water course

Family Cites Families (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3557680A (en) * 1966-07-20 1971-01-26 Copia Mfg Corp Combined liquid container and dispensing means
US5364535A (en) * 1992-03-09 1994-11-15 Buckalew Charles O Method for separating oily pollutants from water runoff
JP3180169B2 (en) * 1992-08-10 2001-06-25 三機工業株式会社 Underwater water storage device
US6027639A (en) * 1996-04-30 2000-02-22 Stormwater Treatment Llc Self-cleaning siphon-actuated radial flow filter basket
US5855774A (en) * 1997-03-28 1999-01-05 Boelter; Carl Storm drain filter
DE10042103A1 (en) * 2000-08-25 2002-03-07 Lange Rolf Gerhard Filter device for preventing foul air escaping from drains, comprises perforated filter vessel with flat upper flange
US6368499B1 (en) * 2000-09-06 2002-04-09 S. Robert Sharpless Storm drain assembly with disposable filter cartridge
US6558077B1 (en) * 2001-03-16 2003-05-06 Cameron M. Colson Selective suspension drain closure apparatus
JP2003328423A (en) * 2002-05-08 2003-11-19 Torishima Pump Mfg Co Ltd Rainwater conduit
CN2761711Y (en) * 2004-02-24 2006-03-01 朴正烈 Sealing type drain equipment capable of preventing back flow
DE102006000800A1 (en) * 2006-01-03 2007-07-05 Lingen, Elena Cleaning system for rainwater
US7381333B1 (en) * 2006-10-19 2008-06-03 Rainer Norman B Treatment of water flowing in a horizontal conduit
US7836760B2 (en) * 2007-10-23 2010-11-23 Saylor David J Method and device for the assessment of fluid collection networks
JP2009108534A (en) * 2007-10-29 2009-05-21 Sekisui Chem Co Ltd Rainwater storage facility and monitoring-management system for rainwater storage facility
JP5489593B2 (en) * 2009-08-19 2014-05-14 メタウォーター株式会社 Manhole unit for water level measurement
CN201648961U (en) * 2010-04-23 2010-11-24 河南省交通科学技术研究院有限公司 Highway bridge surface runoff real-time recognizing and selectively collecting system
US8460423B2 (en) * 2010-05-20 2013-06-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Filter cartridge having central plenum and housing sidewall

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050218049A1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2005-10-06 Henry Happel Floating storm water drain basket
US20050230317A1 (en) * 2004-04-20 2005-10-20 Environmental Equipment Service Corp. Watershed runoff drainage device & method
US20070159326A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2007-07-12 Quist Gregory M Methods, apparatuses, and systems for monitoring environmental parameters within an enclosure
WO2009101597A2 (en) * 2008-02-13 2009-08-20 Telematics Wireless Ltd. Sensor network for liquid drainage systems
GB2472690A (en) * 2009-08-13 2011-02-16 Forest Drainage Products Ltd Floating filter adapted for use in a road gully or water course

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP6073927B2 (en) 2017-02-01
ES2534002T3 (en) 2015-04-16
SG11201404442XA (en) 2014-10-30
SG11201404441UA (en) 2014-09-26
US20130233806A1 (en) 2013-09-12
PT2620561E (en) 2015-02-13
WO2013113648A1 (en) 2013-08-08
EP2620561A1 (en) 2013-07-31
CN104220680A (en) 2014-12-17
CN104204371A (en) 2014-12-10
JP2015504993A (en) 2015-02-16
JP2015510056A (en) 2015-04-02
DK2620561T3 (en) 2015-02-16
EP2620561B1 (en) 2014-12-31
CN104204371B (en) 2017-08-25
US20150001162A1 (en) 2015-01-01
CN104220680B (en) 2016-08-24
CA2862321C (en) 2020-04-14
CA2863948A1 (en) 2013-08-08
CA2862321A1 (en) 2013-08-08
WO2013113449A1 (en) 2013-08-08
PL2620561T3 (en) 2015-05-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP2620562A1 (en) System, method and use for minitoring an environmental condition in a storm drain
JP5112298B2 (en) Remote sensing and communication system
US11656116B2 (en) Permeable pavement monitoring system
US20140231328A1 (en) Rainwater collection and distribution device
CN202676400U (en) Wireless remote water leakage detection system
CN101871834A (en) Wireless remote water leakage detection device and system
CN111780829B (en) Blockage detection system and method for drainage well lid
CN103987898A (en) Fluid containment and management system
KR20110120763A (en) Apparatus for sensing inundation and street lamp therewith
KR102029651B1 (en) rainwater recycle autonomous operation system
US11851855B2 (en) Drainage system and drain
US20230397550A1 (en) Irrigation and drainage device and/or water storage device, preferably for managing water, in particular irrigation of (green) spaces and/or plants
CN106020034A (en) Method for automatically detecting municipal sewage pipeline siltation
CN210803433U (en) Synthesize pipe network water quality monitoring platform and well lid thereof
CN105587028A (en) Intelligent early-warning device for flood drainage
KR101659310B1 (en) System and method for managing drain pipes
CN109505341B (en) Buoyancy inspection well of Internet of things
KR20190136427A (en) Groundwater observation and management system and its method
KR20230102277A (en) Meteorological Agency data-based flood prevention system
US20200363392A1 (en) Smart porous concrete slab
CN208458841U (en) A kind of bridges and culverts depth of accumulated water measuring system
CN113222369A (en) Zero-excavation-concept-fused drainage monitoring system and method and storage medium
KR100803700B1 (en) Monitoring alert system of a room for exhaust rain water
Lim Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines
EA042781B1 (en) DRAINAGE SYSTEM AND BUFFER DRAINAGE COLLECTOR

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PUAI Public reference made under article 153(3) epc to a published international application that has entered the european phase

Free format text: ORIGINAL CODE: 0009012

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

AX Request for extension of the european patent

Extension state: BA ME

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20140130

RBV Designated contracting states (corrected)

Designated state(s): AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

17Q First examination report despatched

Effective date: 20150624

STAA Information on the status of an ep patent application or granted ep patent

Free format text: STATUS: EXAMINATION IS IN PROGRESS

STAA Information on the status of an ep patent application or granted ep patent

Free format text: STATUS: THE APPLICATION HAS BEEN REFUSED

STAA Information on the status of an ep patent application or granted ep patent

Free format text: STATUS: THE APPLICATION HAS BEEN REFUSED

18R Application refused

Effective date: 20180113