EP2581675B1 - Ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus and method for controlling same - Google Patents

Ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus and method for controlling same Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2581675B1
EP2581675B1 EP10852905.8A EP10852905A EP2581675B1 EP 2581675 B1 EP2581675 B1 EP 2581675B1 EP 10852905 A EP10852905 A EP 10852905A EP 2581675 B1 EP2581675 B1 EP 2581675B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
air
temperature
passage
discharge
supply
Prior art date
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Application number
EP10852905.8A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP2581675A4 (en
EP2581675A1 (en
Inventor
Masayuki Koretomo
Masami Yasuda
Hidemoto Arai
Masahiro Hasegawa
Kenta Okeya
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Mitsubishi Electric Corp
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Mitsubishi Electric Corp
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Publication date
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Priority to PCT/JP2010/059972 priority Critical patent/WO2011155069A1/en
Publication of EP2581675A1 publication Critical patent/EP2581675A1/en
Publication of EP2581675A4 publication Critical patent/EP2581675A4/en
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Publication of EP2581675B1 publication Critical patent/EP2581675B1/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/0001Control or safety arrangements for ventilation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/72Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure
    • F24F11/74Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure for controlling air flow rate or air velocity
    • F24F11/76Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure for controlling air flow rate or air velocity by means responsive to temperature, e.g. bimetal springs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/80Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air
    • F24F11/81Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air by controlling the air supply to heat-exchangers or bypass channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F12/00Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening
    • F24F12/001Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening with heat-exchange between supplied and exhausted air
    • F24F12/006Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening with heat-exchange between supplied and exhausted air using an air-to-air heat exchanger
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • F24F13/10Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers
    • F24F13/14Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of tilting members, e.g. louvre
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/0001Control or safety arrangements for ventilation
    • F24F2011/0006Control or safety arrangements for ventilation using low temperature external supply air to assist cooling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F12/00Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening
    • F24F12/001Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening with heat-exchange between supplied and exhausted air
    • F24F2012/007Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening with heat-exchange between supplied and exhausted air using a by-pass for bypassing the heat-exchanger
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/10Temperature
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/56Heat recovery units

Description

    Field
  • The present invention relates to a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus having a heat exchanger that performs heat exchange between air currents flowing into a supply-air passage and a discharge-air passage, and to a method for controlling the apparatus.
  • Background
  • As an air-conditioning apparatus that keeps a temperature of a target room within a fixed range and that includes an air-conditioning unit constituted by an air-conditioning coil and an air blower, a supply-air-temperature setting unit that controls the capability of the air-conditioning coil, a control unit constituted by a room-temperature setting unit that controls the capability of the air blower via an inverter, and a supply-air-temperature detection unit and a room-temperature detection unit that transmit detected temperatures to the supply-air-temperature setting unit and the room-temperature setting unit, respectively, there has been known an apparatus that changes the air-blowing capability of the air blower to keep the temperature of the target room within a fixed range.
  • As a temperature-and-humidity control apparatus using a temperature-and-humidity controlling method for heating and humidifying air having been cooled by an evaporator in a refrigeration cycle up to preset temperature and humidity to supply conditioned air, there has been known an apparatus that controls the volume of humidifying by controlling the compression capability based on a blowout temperature according to this method.
  • Furthermore, as an air-conditioning device having a sensor that measures air temperature and humidity of an intake port used for supplying air from outside of a room and a sensor that measures air temperature and humidity of a blowout port used for supplying air into the room, there has been known a device that controls the air volume of an air blower by calculating the air volume based on a difference between the intake temperature and the blowout temperature and that controls the quantity of a coolant by determining the capability of a cooling unit.
  • Further, as a bathroom sauna apparatus that includes a unit that heats and humidifies air, an air blowing unit that circulates air in a bathroom, and a blowout-port-temperature detection unit provided at a blowout port of the apparatus and that controls these units, there has been known an apparatus that measures an air temperature with a sensor and that controls the blowout temperature based on a detection value of an air-temperature detection unit provided at a blowout port used for supplying air into a room.
  • Moreover, as an air-conditioning apparatus that controls an air blowing unit, a humidification unit, a dehumidification unit, a heating unit, and a cooling unit based on an air temperature of a blowout port used for supplying air into a room, there has been known an apparatus that can control temperature and humidity in a ventilation area.
  • Furthermore, as an air-conditioning apparatus that has an air-conditioning coil and a humidifier and that executes temperature control by heat exchange using the air-conditioning coil and also humidity control by humidification using the humidifier at the same time, there has been known an apparatus that includes a valve for adjusting the volume of water supplied to the humidifier based on an air temperature of a blowout port used for supplying air and that controls the valve.
  • Further, there has been known a heat-exchange ventilation apparatus including, in a main unit thereof, a supply-air passage that connects outside of a building and the inside of a room via an outdoor intake port and an indoor blowout port, a discharge-air passage that connects the inside of the building and outside thereof via an indoor intake port and an outdoor blowout port, a supply-air blower that forms a supply-air current directing from the outdoor intake port to the indoor blowout port in the supply-air passage, a discharge-air blower that forms a discharge-air current directing from the indoor intake port to the outdoor blowout port in the discharge-air passage, and a heat exchanger that performs heat exchange between air currents flowing in the supply-air passage and the discharge-air passage (see, for example, Patent Literatures 1 to 7).
    The document JP 2009-250451 A discloses a ventilation device in which a heat exchanger can be bypassed by opening or closing a switching part. The document JP 2009-250451 A thereby discloses a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to the preamble of claim 1.
  • Citation List Patent Literatures
    • Patent Literature 1: Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. 2006-97906
    • Patent Literature 2: Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. 2003-302088
    • Patent Literature 3: Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. 7-004724
    • Patent Literature 4: Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. 2008-125793
    • Patent Literature 5: Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. 2002-048380
    • Patent Literature 6: Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. 2006-029598
    • Patent Literature 7: Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. 2009-293880
    Summary Technical Problem
  • In the conventional ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus described above, a damper is used to select either total heat exchange between the air supplied from outside and the air discharged from the room or direct supply of the air from outside without performing the total heat exchange, and therefore there is a problem that a supply-air temperature of the air blown into the room cannot be adjusted. Also in the conventional ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus, the air-conditioning coil always needs to be driven to adjust the supply-air temperature of the air blown into the room, and therefore there is a problem that electricity is always necessary even in intermediate seasons such as spring and autumn.
  • In the conventional ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus having an air-conditioning coil, when the blowout temperature is higher or lower than a preset temperature, the degree of opening of a throttle device (LEV) of the air-conditioning coil is adjusted and the quantity of a coolant is changed for the temperature setting. However, also when the LEV cannot be fully throttled or opened, the air-conditioning coil is stopped when the blowout temperature has not reached the preset temperature. When an operation of the air-conditioning coil is stopped, an operation of an outdoor unit is also stopped when other air-conditioners except for the present ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus are not in operation. The operation stoppage of the air-conditioning coil leads to a gradual increase in a room temperature in summer and also leads to a gradual decrease in winter. When the room temperature increases far above or decreases far below a target temperature, the operation of the outdoor unit is started again, and accordingly the operation of the air-conditioning coil is started. Therefore, the room temperature does not converge at the target temperature, and the air-conditioning coil and the outdoor unit are started and stopped repetitively, which causes large changes in the room temperature and deviation thereof from the target temperature, thereby problematically generating uncomfortable air conditions.
  • The present invention has been achieved in view of the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus that can achieve stable temperature management and also achieve control of a blowout temperature in an energy-saving and comfortable manner, and to provide a method for controlling the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus.
  • Solution to Problem
  • In order to solve above-mentioned problems and achieve the object of the present invention, there is provided a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus including a casing provided with a supply-air intake port and a discharge-air blowout port on outside of a room, and a discharge-air intake port and a supply-air blowout port on inside of a room; a supply-air passage formed in the casing to lead from a supply-air intake port to a supply-air blowout port; a discharge-air passage formed in the casing to lead from a discharge-air intake port to a discharge-air blowout port; a heat exchanger that performs heat exchange between air currents flowing through the supply-air passage and the discharge-air passage; a bypass passage formed in the casing in parallel to the discharge-air passage to bypass the heat exchanger and to lead from the discharge-air intake port to the discharge-air blowout port; a supply-air blower that takes in outdoor air from a supply-air intake port and supplies the outdoor air into a room from a supply-air blowout port; a discharge-air blower that takes in indoor air from a discharge-air intake port and discharges the indoor air from a discharge-air blowout port to outside of the room; a passage switching unit that is provided between the discharge-air passage and the bypass passage and that switches whether to pass indoor air taken in from a discharge-air intake port through the heat exchanger; a temperature sensor that is provided between the heat exchanger and the supply-air blowout port and that measures a temperature of air supplied to a room; and a control unit that controls the supply-air blower, the discharge-air blower, and the passage switching unit, a temperature adjustment unit that is provided on a side of a downstream of the heat exchanger in the supply-air passage and that heats or cools air in the supply-air passage, wherein the control unit controls the passage switching unit to adjust a degree of opening of the bypass passage in a range from 0 to 100 % based on an output of the temperature sensor so that a temperature of air supplied to a room approaches a predetermined temperature and, when the temperature of air supplied to a room does not reach the predetermined temperature by adjusting the bypass passage, then starts to control the temperature adjustment unit so that the temperature of air supplied to the room approaches the predetermined temperature.
  • There is also provided a method for controlling a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus, wherein the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus including a casing provided with a supply-air intake port and a discharge-air blowout port on outside of a room, and a discharge-air intake port and a supply-air blowout port on inside of a room, supply-air passage formed in the casing to lead from a supply-air intake port to a supply-air blowout port, a discharge-air passage formed in the casing to lead from a discharge-air intake port to a discharge-air blowout port, a heat exchanger that performs heat exchange between air currents flowing through the supply-air passage and the discharge-air passage, a supply-air blower that takes in outdoor air from a supply-air intake port and supplies the outdoor air into a room from a supply-air blowout port, and a discharge-air blower that takes in indoor air from a discharge-air intake port and discharges the indoor air from a discharge-air blowout port to outside of the room, and the method including forming a bypass passage in the casing in parallel to the discharge-air passage, the bypass passage bypassing the heat exchanger and leading from the discharge-air intake port to the discharge-air blowout port; providing a passage switching unit between the discharge-air passage and the bypass passage, the passage switching unit switching whether to pass indoor air taken in from a discharge-air intake port through the heat exchanger; providing a temperature sensor between the heat exchanger and the supply-air blowout port, the temperature sensor measuring a temperature of air supplied to a room; and controlling the passage switching unit to continuously adjust a degree of opening of the bypass passage in a range from 0 to 100 % based on an output of the temperature sensor so that a temperature of air supplied to a room approaches a predetermined temperature and, when the temperature of air supplied to a room does not reach the predetermined temperature by adjusting the bypass passage, then starts to control the temperature adjustment unit so that the temperature of air supplied to the room approaches the predetermined temperature.
    The "heat exchanger" includes both a heat exchanger and a total heat exchanger.
  • Advantageous Effects of Invention
  • The ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to the present invention can achieve stable temperature control, and can bring a supply-air temperature of air supplied into a room close to a target temperature only by controlling a passage switching unit and mixing heat exchange ventilation and normal ventilation at a different ratio in intermediate seasons such as spring and autumn, thereby achieving control of a blowout temperature in an energy-saving and comfortable manner.
  • Brief Description of Drawings
    • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention, and of a state where a damper is opened.
    • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to the first embodiment of the present invention, and of a state where a damper is closed.
    • FIG. 3 is a flowchart of blowout temperature adjustment by a damper.
    • FIG. 4 is a flowchart of a control executed during a heating operation such as in winter.
    • FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a control executed during a cooling operation such as in summer.
    • FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
    Description of Embodiments
  • Exemplary embodiments of a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to the present invention will be explained below in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. The present invention is not limited to the embodiments.
  • First embodiment.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention, and of a state where a damper is opened. FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to the first embodiment of the present invention, and of a state where a damper is closed. A ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 101 is mounted on a building and includes a box-shaped main-body casing 1 exposed to both inside and outside of a room. On the outside of the room of the main-body casing 1, a discharge-air blowout port 7 and a supply-air intake port 9 are provided, and on the inside of the room, a supply-air blowout port 8 and a discharge-air intake port 10 are provided. When the supply-air intake port 9 and the supply-air blowout port 8 are communicated with each other, a supply-air passage for taking in outside air into the room is formed as indicated by gray arrows in FIG. 1, and when the discharge-air intake port 10 and the discharge-air blowout port 7 are communicated with each other, a discharge-air passage for discharging indoor air outside the room is formed as indicated by outlined arrows in FIG. 1.
  • The ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 101 further includes a total heat exchanger 4 that performs total heat exchange between air currents flowing into the supply-air passage and the discharge-air passage. Also in the main-body casing 1, a bypass passage is formed in parallel to the discharge-air passage. The bypass passage is formed to bypass the total heat exchanger 4 and to lead from the discharge-air intake port 10 to the discharge-air blowout port 7. In addition, at a bifurcation point of the discharge-air passage and the bypass passage, a damper 12 is provided to switch these passages. The damper 12 rotates as shown by an arrow A in FIG. 1 by having a rotating shaft at the bifurcation point of the discharge-air passage and the bypass passage, and constitutes a passage switching unit that switches whether to pass indoor air taken in from the discharge-air intake port 10 through the total heat exchanger 4.
  • The main-body casing 1 further includes a supply-air blower 3 that is incorporated in the supply-air passage and that forms a supply-air current, a discharge-air blower 2 that is incorporated in a portion common to the discharge-air passage and the bypass passage and that forms a discharge-air current, and an air-conditioning coil 5 that is provided between the supply-air blower 3 and a humidifier 6 and that intends to heat or cool and humidify or dehumidify supply air. The capability of the air-conditioning coil 5 is adjusted by changing the degree of opening of a throttle device (LEV).
  • In the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 101, a humidifying passage portion for dehumidifying, heating, and humidifying a supply-air current flowing from a blowout port of the supply-air blower 3 in the main-body casing 1 is formed, and is divided into a humidifying-passage upper portion and a humidifying-passage lower portion in a vertical direction. The humidifying-passage upper portion is covered with a foamed resin, and the humidifying-passage lower portion has a drain bowl that is made of a foamed resin and whose water-reservoir surface is made of plastic to prevent water from entering the foamed resin. A temperature sensor 11 is provided near the supply-air blowout port 8 in the humidifying-passage upper portion. The ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 101 further includes a control unit 14 that controls the apparatus based on operations performed by a remote controller 15.
  • In the total heat exchanger 4, a primary passage for passing therethrough the discharge-air current of the total heat exchanger 4 and a secondary passage for passing therethrough the supply-air current are intersecting vertically with each other so that total heat exchange is achieved, thereby enabling heat exchange ventilation.
  • As a route for air discharge, as described above, the discharge-air passage for passing through the total heat exchanger 4 and the bypass passage for not passing through the heat exchanger 4 are provided. Between the discharge-air passage and the bypass passage, the electrically-driven damper 12 is provided as the passage switching unit for switching whether to pass the indoor air taken in from the discharge-air intake port 10 through the total heat exchanger 4. By selecting the bypass passage with the damper 12, the indoor air can be discharged by the discharge-air blower 2 outside the room without passing it through the total heat exchanger 4 as indicated by hatched arrows in FIG. 2, thereby achieving normal ventilation that does not involve any heat exchange.
  • Basic operations of the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 101 include ON/OFF control of its operation via the external remote controller 15, an air-volume notch for increasing and decreasing the volume of air, mode switching between heating, cooling, and a fan, and ON/OFF control of humidifying. During heating and cooling, the air-conditioning coil 5 is driven, and when the humidifying is ON, the air-conditioning coil 5 is heated and water is supplied to the humidifier 6.
  • In an intermediate season during which an outdoor temperature is relatively comfortable, such as in spring and autumn, a user usually selects a "fan" mode as mode switching. When the "fan" mode is selected, the operation of the apparatus is started with the heat exchange ventilation, and the air-conditioning coil 5 is not operated. Outside air is taken in from the supply-air intake port 9, subjected to the total heat exchange in the heat exchanger 4 with indoor air taken in from the discharge-air intake port 10, and finally blown into the room from the supply-air blowout port 8. The temperature sensor 11 provided at the supply-air blowout port 8 detects a temperature of air to be supplied. The control unit 14 compares a target blowout temperature set by the remote controller 15 to the detected temperature of the temperature sensor 11, and operates the damper 12 to adjust the degree of opening of the damper 12 in a range from 0 to 100% and thus adjust the bypass passage so that the temperature of the air to be supplied becomes equal to the target blowout temperature, thereby adjusting a supply-air temperature by changing a ratio between the heat exchange ventilation and the normal ventilation. In the case of the present embodiment, when the degree of opening of the damper 12 is 0%, only the heat exchange ventilation is performed, and when the degree of opening of the damper 12 is 100%, only the normal ventilation is performed. When the target temperature is not reached, the damper 12 is operated whose degree of opening is set so that the supply-air temperature most closely approaches the target temperature. When the humidifying is ON by the remote controller 15, water is supplied to the humidifier 6, and then the air to be supplied is humidified and blown into the room from the supply-air blowout port 8 in the room.
  • In summer and winter, a user usually selects a "cooling" mode or a "heating" mode as the mode switching. For the "cooling" and the "heating", the operation of the apparatus is started with the heat exchange ventilation, and the air-conditioning coil 5 is operated. Outside air is taken in from the supply-air intake port 9, then subjected to the total heat exchange in the heat exchanger 4 with indoor air taken in from the discharge-air intake port 10, and the obtained air is heated or cooled through the air-conditioning coil 5. When water has been supplied in the humidifier 6, the heated or cooled air is humidified, and then blown into the room from the supply-air blowout port 8 in the room. The temperature sensor 11 provided at the supply-air blowout port 8 detects the temperature of the air to be supplied. The control unit 14 compares the target blowout temperature set by the remote controller 15 to the detected temperature of the temperature sensor 11, and operates the damper 12 to adjust the degree of opening of the damper 12 in a range from 0 to 100% and thus adjust the bypass passage so that the detected temperature reaches the target blowout temperature, thereby adjusting the supply-air temperature by changing the ratio between the heat exchange ventilation and the normal ventilation. The control unit 14 also controls the blowout temperature by adjusting the degree of LEV opening of the air-conditioning coil 5 and thereby adjusting the supply-air temperature. The humidifying is ON by the remote controller 15, water is supplied to the humidifier, and the air to be supplied is humidified and then blown into the room from the supply-air blowout port 8 in the room.
  • FIG. 3 is a flowchart of blowout temperature adjustment by the damper 12. In an intermediate season during which the outdoor temperature is relatively comfortable, such as in spring and autumn, the operation of the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 101 is started with the heat exchange ventilation at S1. At S2, a counter n is reset. At S3, the counter recognizes n=1. At S4, the temperature sensor 11 provided at the supply-air blowout port 8 detects the blowout temperature of the air blown from the supply-air blowout port 8, and a determination is made as to whether an absolute value of a temperature difference ΔTn between the blowout temperature and a preset temperature is 0. When the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn is not 0, the flow proceeds to S5, and when the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn is 0, the flow returns to the counter reset at S2.
  • At S5, a determination is made as to whether the degree of opening of the damper 12 is 100%. When the degree of opening is not 100%, the flow proceeds to S6, and when the degree of opening is 100%, the flow proceeds to S7. At S6, moving the damper 12 in an opening direction thereof by an angle of 5° is designated as one step, and this operation is performed for one step. At S7, the counter recognizes n+1, which is obtained by incrementing n by 1. At S8, the temperature sensor 11 provided at the supply-air blowout port 8 detects the blowout temperature, and a determination is made as to whether an absolute value of a temperature difference ΔTn+1 between the blowout temperature at the time of the counter n=n+1 and the preset temperature is 0. When the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn+1 is not 0, the flow proceeds to S9, and when the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn+1 is 0, the flow returns to S7. At S9, the temperature sensor 11 provided at the supply-air blowout port 8 detects the blowout temperature, and a determination is made as to whether the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn+1 obtained at the time of the counter n=n+1 is smaller than the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn obtained at the time of the counter n. When the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn+1 obtained at the time of the counter n=n+1 is smaller than the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn obtained at the time of the counter n, the flow returns to the determination at S5, and when the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn+1 obtained at the time of the counter n=n+1 is larger than the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn obtained at the time of the counter n, the flow proceeds to S10.
  • At S10, a determination is made as to whether the degree of closing of the damper 12 is 100%. When it is not 100%, the flow proceeds to S11, and when it is 100%, the flow proceeds to S12. At S11, moving the damper 12 in a closing direction thereof by an angle of 5° is designated as one step, and this operation is performed for one step. At S12, the counter recognizes n+1, which is obtained by incrementing n by 1. At S13, the temperature sensor 11 provided at the supply-air blowout port 8 detects the blowout temperature, and a determination is made as to whether the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn+1 between the blowout temperature at the time of the counter n=n+1 and the preset temperature is 0. When the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTN+1 is not 0, the flow proceeds to S14, and when the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn+1 is 0, the flow returns to S12.
  • At S14, the temperature sensor 11 provided at the supply-air blowout port detects the blowout temperature, and a determination is made as to whether the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTN+1 at the time of the counter n=n+1 is smaller than the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn at the time of the counter n. When the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn+1 at the time of the counter n=n+1 is smaller than the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn at the time of the counter n, the flow returns to the determination at S10, and when the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn+1 at the time of the counter n=n+1 is larger than the absolute value of the temperature difference ΔTn at the time of the counter n, the flow returns to S5. The blowout temperature adjustment is performed by the damper 12 as the control example described above.
  • FIGS. 4 and 5 are flowcharts of a control executed during a heating operation and a cooling operation such as in winter and summer. In FIG. 4, when the heating operation is performed, a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus starts to operate, and at S15, heat exchange ventilation is performed while the temperature sensor 11 provided at the supply-air blowout port 8 detects a blowout temperature. At S16, a determination is made as to whether the blowout temperature is higher than a preset temperature. When the blowout temperature is higher than the preset temperature, the flow proceeds to S17, and when the blowout temperature is smaller than the preset temperature, the flow returns to the determination at S16. At S17, normal ventilation is mixed by adjusting the degree of opening of the damper 12. The degree of opening is adjusted so that the blowout temperature decreases to the preset temperature. At S18, a determination is made as to whether the degree of opening of the damper 12 has reached 100%. When the degree of opening is 100%, the flow proceeds to S19, and when the damper 12 is not fully opened, the flow returns to the determination at S16. At S19, a determination is made as to whether the blowout temperature is higher than the preset temperature in a condition that the degree of opening of the damper 12 is 100%.
  • Also when the degree of opening of the damper 12 is 100% and thus only the normal ventilation is being performed, the flow proceeds to S20 in a case where the blowout temperature is higher than the preset temperature, while the flow returns to the operation at S17 in a case where the blowout temperature is lower than the preset temperature. At S20, a LEV throttle amount of the air-conditioning coil 5 is adjusted. The throttle amount is adjusted so that the blowout temperature falls to the preset temperature. At S21, a determination is made as to whether the LEV throttle amount has reached 100%. When the throttle amount is 100%, the flow proceeds to S22, and when the LEV is not fully throttled, the flow returns to the determination at S19. At S22, a determination is made as to whether the blowout temperature is higher than the preset temperature again. When the blowout temperature is higher than the preset temperature, the flow proceeds to S23, and when the blowout temperature is lower than the preset temperature, the flow returns to S20. At S23, the air-conditioning coil 5 is stopped.
  • In FIG. 5, when the cooling operation is performed, the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus starts to operate, and at S24, the heat exchange ventilation is performed while the temperature sensor 11 provided at the supply-air blowout port 8 detects the blowout temperature. At S25, a determination is made as to whether the blowout temperature is lower than the preset temperature. When the blowout temperature is lower than the preset temperature, the flow proceeds to S26, and when the blowout temperature is higher than the preset temperature, the flow returns to the determination at S25. At S26, the degree of opening of the damper 12 is adjusted. The degree of opening is adjusted so that the blowout temperature rises to the preset temperature, thereby mixing the normal ventilation. At S27, a determination is made as to whether the degree of opening of the damper 12 has reached 100%.
  • When the degree of opening is 100%, the flow proceeds to S28, and when the damper 12 is not fully opened, the flow returns to the determination at S25. At S28, a determination is made as to whether the blowout temperature is lower than the preset temperature in a condition that the degree of opening of the damper 12 is 100%. Also when the degree of opening of the damper 12 is 100% and thus only the normal ventilation is being performed, the flow proceeds to S29 in the case where the blowout temperature is lower than the preset temperature, while the flow returns to the operation at S26 in the case where the blowout temperature is higher than the preset temperature. At S29, the degree of LEV opening of the air-conditioning coil 5 is adjusted. The degree of opening is adjusted so that the blowout temperature rises to the preset temperature. At S30, a determination is made as to whether the degree of LEV opening has reached 100%. When the degree of opening is 100%, the flow proceeds to S31, and when the LEV is not fully opened, the flow returns to the determination at S28. At S31, a determination is made as to whether the blowout temperature is lower than the preset temperature again. When the blowout temperature is lower than the preset temperature, the flow proceeds to S32, and when the blowout temperature is higher than the preset temperature, the flow returns to S29. At S32, the air-conditioning coil 5 is stopped.
  • As described above, the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 101 according to the present embodiment includes the air-conditioning coil 5, the discharge-air blower 2, the supply-air blower 3, the total heat exchanger 4, the damper 12, and the temperature sensor 11, and performs the ventilation by controlling the air-conditioning coil 5 with an open/close valve of the throttle device (LEV) while performing the total heat exchange between the supply air and the discharge air so that the supply-air blowout temperature becomes equal to a predetermined target temperature. At this time, a bypass passage is prepared for the normal ventilation, and the normal ventilation is mixed in a range from 0 to 100% by operating the damper 12. When the target temperature is not reached even by the 100% normal ventilation, the degree of opening of the throttle device LEV of the air-conditioning coil 5 is adjusted. Therefore, the supply-air temperature can be controlled without operating the air-conditioning coil 5 in intermediate seasons such as spring and autumn. Furthermore, also when the supply-air temperature is controlled using the air-conditioning coil 5, the use of the outdoor temperature reduces an adjustment load on the air-conditioning coil 5, which reduces opportunities to stop the air-conditioning coil 5 and to stop the operation of the outdoor unit, thereby realizing a stable operation.
  • According to the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus of the present embodiment, by executing the control described above, the temperature of the air supplied to the room can be close to the target temperature by changing the ratio between the air entering from outside and the air obtained by the heat exchange between the supply air and the discharge air, without operating the air-conditioning coil 5 in intermediate seasons, so that blowout-temperature control can be achieved in a power-saving and comfortable manner. Furthermore, when the air-conditioning coil 5 is operated in summer and winter, the total heat exchange between the supply air and the discharge air is performed, and the outside air is introduced in a process in which the blowout temperature reaches the target temperature. This configuration can reduce the load on the air-conditioning coil 5 and avoid repetitive ON/OFF operations of the air-conditioning coil 5 and the outdoor unit, thereby maintaining a stable blowout temperature-controlled operation while causing less changes in the room temperature relative to the target temperature.
  • Second embodiment.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention. In a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 102 according to the present embodiment, a rolling-type shutter 13 is provided on a side of air blowout of the total heat exchanger 4 instead of the damper 12 according to the first embodiment. The rolling-type shutter 13 is provided on a side part of the discharge-air passage to cover a surface of the total heat exchanger 4 by being rolled in or drawn out as indicated by an arrow B in FIG. 6, and thus adjusts the volume of air passing through the total heat exchanger 4 per unit area of cross section, thereby setting the exchange efficiency variable. In the case of the present embodiment, when the degree of opening of the rolling-type shutter 13 is 0%, the normal ventilation is fully performed, and when the degree of opening of the rolling-type shutter 13 is 100%, the normal ventilation is performed in 50%.
  • According to the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 102 of the present embodiment, substantially the same effects as those of the first embodiment can be obtained, and because the rolling-type shutter 13 covers the discharge-air blower 2, operation noise of the discharge-air blower 2 as well as blowout noise can be reduced. In addition, unlike the first embodiment, it is not necessary to provide a space for the damper 12, and therefore size reduction of the apparatus can be achieved.
  • The ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 101 according to the first embodiment and the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus 102 according to the second embodiment include the total heat exchanger 4 for performing total heat exchange, as a heat exchanger for performing heat exchange between air currents flowing through a supply-air passage and a discharge-air passage; however, it suffices to include a heat exchanger simply for performing the heat exchange.
  • Industrial Applicability
  • As described above, the ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus and the method for controlling a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to the present invention are useful for a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus having a heat exchanger that performs heat exchange between air currents flowing into a supply-air passage and a discharge-air passage, and for a method for controlling the apparatus, respectively.
  • Reference Signs List
  • 1
    MAIN-BODY CASING (CASING)
    2
    DISCHARGE-AIR BLOWER
    3
    SUPPLY-AIR BLOWER
    4
    TOTAL HEAT EXCHANGER (HEAT EXCHANGER)
    5
    AIR-CONDITIONING COIL (TEMPERATURE ADJUSTMENT UNIT)
    6
    HUMIDIFIER
    7
    DISCHARGE-AIR BLOWOUT PORT
    8
    SUPPLY-AIR BLOWOUT PORT
    9
    SUPPLY-AIR INTAKE PORT
    10
    DISCHARGE-AIR INTAKE PORT
    11
    TEMPERATURE SENSOR
    12
    DAMPER (PASSAGE SWITCHING UNIT)
    13
    ROLLING-TYPE SHUTTER (PASSAGE SWITCHING UNIT)
    14
    CONTROL UNIT
    15
    EXTERNAL REMOTE CONTROLLER

Claims (7)

  1. A ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus comprising:
    a casing (1) provided with a supply-air intake port (9) and a discharge-air blowout port (7) on outside of a room, and a discharge-air intake port (10) and a supply-air blowout port (8) on inside of a room;
    a supply-air passage formed in the casing to lead from a supply-air intake port (9) to a supply-air blowout port (7);
    a discharge-air passage formed in the casing to lead from a discharge-air intake port (10) to a discharge-air blowout port (7);
    a heat exchanger (4) that performs heat exchange between air currents flowing through the supply-air passage and the discharge-air passage;
    a bypass passage formed in the casing in parallel to the discharge-air passage to bypass the heat exchanger (4) and to lead from the discharge-air intake port (10) to the discharge-air blowout port (7);
    a supply-air blower that takes in outdoor air from a supply-air intake port (9) and supplies the outdoor air into a room from a supply-air blowout port (8);
    a discharge-air blower that takes in indoor air from a discharge-air intake port (10) and discharges the indoor air from a discharge-air blowout port (7) to outside of the room;
    a passage switching unit that is provided between the discharge-air passage and the bypass passage and that switches whether to pass indoor air taken in from a discharge-air intake port (10) through the heat exchanger (4);
    a temperature sensor (11) that is provided between the heat exchanger (4) and the supply-air blowout port (8) and that measures a temperature of air supplied to a room; and
    a control unit (14) that controls the supply-air blower (3), the discharge-air blower (2), and the passage switching unit (12, 13), and
    a temperature adjustment unit that is provided on a side of a downstream of the heat exchanger in the supply-air passage and that heats or cools air in the supply-air passage, characterized in that
    the control unit (14) controls the passage switching unit (12, 13) to adjust a degree of opening of the bypass passage in a range from 0 to 100% based on an output of the temperature sensor (14) so that a temperature of air supplied to a room approaches a predetermined temperature and
    the control unit (14), when the temperature of air supplied to a room does not reach the predetermined temperature by adjusting the bypass passage, then starts to control the temperature adjustment unit so that the temperature of air supplied to the room approaches the predetermined temperature.
  2. The ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the temperature adjustment unit is an air-conditioning coil (5) that adjusts a heating temperature or a cooling temperature by a throttling degree of a throttle device.
  3. The ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to claim 2, further comprising a humidifier (6) that is provided on a side of a downstream of the air-conditioning coil (5) in the supply-air passage and that humidifies air in the supply-air passage, wherein
    the control unit (14) controls the humidifier (6) so that a humidity of air supplied to the room approaches a predetermined humidity.
  4. The ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the passage switching unit (12, 13) is provided at a bifurcation point of the discharge-air passage and the bypass passage, and is a damper (12) for switching whether to allow a passage leading to a discharge-air intake port (9) to communicate with the discharge-air passage or with the bypass passage.
  5. The ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the passage switching unit (12, 13) is provided in the discharge-air passage and the bypass passage, and is a rolling-type shutter (13) that opens and closes a passage by a rolling-in and drawing-out operation, and
    covers the discharge-air blower (2) and a surface of the total heat exchanger (4) by being rolled in or drawn out.
  6. A method for controlling a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein
    the method comprises
    measuring a temperature by the temperature sensor provided between the heat exchanger (4) and the supply-air blowout port (8), the temperature including a temperature of air supplied to a room; and
    controlling the passage switching unit to continuously adjust a degree of opening of the bypass passage in a range from 0 to 100% based on the measured temperature so that the temperature of air supplied to the room approaches a predetermined temperature and, when the temperature of air supplied to a room does not reach the predetermined temperature by adjusting the bypass passage, then starts to control the temperature adjustment unit so that the temperature of air supplied to the room approaches the predetermined temperature.
  7. The method of controlling a ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus according to claim 6, wherein an amount of supply air and a humidity are controlled by a conditioning coil when the temperature of the air supplied to the room does not reach the predetermined temperature although the switching has reached a limit of an operation range thereof.
EP10852905.8A 2010-06-11 2010-06-11 Ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus and method for controlling same Active EP2581675B1 (en)

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PCT/JP2010/059972 WO2011155069A1 (en) 2010-06-11 2010-06-11 Ventilation and air-conditioning apparatus and method for controlling same

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EP (1) EP2581675B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5591329B2 (en)
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TW201144710A (en) 2011-12-16
CN102939504A (en) 2013-02-20
US20130048267A1 (en) 2013-02-28
EP2581675A1 (en) 2013-04-17
KR20130019427A (en) 2013-02-26
EP2581675A4 (en) 2013-10-23
JP5591329B2 (en) 2014-09-17
KR101475131B1 (en) 2014-12-23
CN102939504B (en) 2015-04-22
JPWO2011155069A1 (en) 2013-08-01
WO2011155069A1 (en) 2011-12-15

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