EP1575523A1 - Polyorganosiloxane dental impression material - Google Patents

Polyorganosiloxane dental impression material

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Publication number
EP1575523A1
EP1575523A1 EP20030814199 EP03814199A EP1575523A1 EP 1575523 A1 EP1575523 A1 EP 1575523A1 EP 20030814199 EP20030814199 EP 20030814199 EP 03814199 A EP03814199 A EP 03814199A EP 1575523 A1 EP1575523 A1 EP 1575523A1
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Prior art keywords
composition
surfactant
catalyst
invention
component
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EP20030814199
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German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Paul D. Hammesfahr
Robert V. Hare
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Dentsply International Inc
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Dentsply International Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K6/00Preparations for dentistry
    • A61K6/10Compositions for taking dental impressions

Abstract

A dental impression material comprising a polyvinylsiloxane and a surfactant, wherein said surfactant imparts wettability to the composition, such that the material has a surface contact angle with water of less than about 10 degrees after about 15 seconds.

Description

POLYORGANOSILOXANE DENTAL IMPRESSION MATERIAL

[0001] The present invention is generally directed toward polyorganosiloxane dental impression materials. More particularly, the invention is directed toward such a material having improved physical properties, including improved wetting and tear strengths. Specifically, the present invention employs a silicone glycol surfactant.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] This invention is directed to improvements in room temperature polymerizable polyorganosiloxanes having good dimensional stability upon curing or hardening. More particularly, this invention is directed to improvements in compositions that are generally of the type comprising two components, one component comprising organopolysiloxanes having vinyl groups, capable of undergoing addition reactions with organopolysiloxanes having silicone-bonded hydrogen atoms. The second component comprises a catalyst capable of promoting the addition of hydrogen atoms bonded to silicone atoms across the vinyl groups.

[0003] A major field for the use of certain of these room temperature curable polyorganosiloxane compositions is dentistry. Such materials are typically employed as impression materials for securing an analog representation of oral hard and soft tissue to support subsequent elaboration of crowns, bridges, dentures, an other oral prostheses. For dental use, extraordinary fidelity of structural reproduction is required in order to ensure good fidelity of oral prosthetic fit and the like. In this regard, changes in the dimensions of the impression material during curing are to be avoided. Moreover, the surface of the reproductions or oral prosthetics and the like must be exceptionally free from irregularities, blemishes, pits, and otlier imperfections. This is so because castings and prostheses derived from such impressions must have good surface qualities and be free from pits and irregularities in order to have proper fit, to achieve good adhesion, and to avoid irritation of sensitive mouth structures. These polyorganosiloxanes will also be useful in other fields where detailed reproductions are important such as in the science of metrology, laboratory processing of SEM and even jewelry fabrication and the like. [0004] In employing polyorganosiloxanes as dental impression materials, a number of difficulties have arisen. First of all, tear strength tends to be low. It is necessary, in effectively taking an impression, to be able to easily remove the impression, from the dentition without tearing, particularly at thin marginal areas, to preserve fine detail. In the past, fillers of various types have been added to improve tear strength. Such additions may result in some improvement, on the order of about 10%, but such improvements have proved inadequate.

[0005] Paradiso in WO 93/17654 describes improving tear strength by incorporating multi-functional, including quadri-functional, polysiloxane components into the impression material, to add increased cross-linking to the resulting cured impression material matrix, particularly along the length of the linear vinyl end-stopped polysiloxane principal component. The Paradiso composition comprises SiOH groups capped off with Me.sub.3 Si units that form pendants from the molecule. These pendants provide only mechanical or physical interlinking between the linear polysiloxane chains. This solution is deficient, being non-chemical and low in cross-linking density. [0006] Voigt et al in EP 0 522 341 Al describes very short processing times of 35-45 seconds for forming dentition bite registration devices, utilizing a "QM" resin as a means of speeding and increasing cross-linking. These resins comprise as Q, the quadri-functional SiO.sub.4/2 and as M, building blocks such as monofunctional units R.sub.3 SiO.sub.1/2 wherein R is vinyl, methyl, ethyl or phenyl, or similar tri or bi-functional units. Voigt notes that an elastomer with small elastic deformation having a higher tenacity and hardness results. However, such material lacks flexibility, having a low strain value, and is unsuitable for impression taking. The increased cross-linking rate of the QM resin also results in very limited processing times that are unsatisfactory.

[0007] The other major, well-known difficulties with polyorganosiloxane impression materials are caused by its inherent hydrophobic character. Such characteristics make reproduction of hard and soft oral tissue difficult since the oral cavity environment is wet and often contaminated with saliva or blood. The hydrophobicity of the impression material can result in loss of surface detail often at critical surfaces of the dentition. [0008] A number of improvements of polyorganosiloxane impression materials focus upon adding a surfactant component to the dental impression material in order to reduce the hydrophobic nature of the polysiloxanes and make the composition more hydrophilic. Thus, Bryan et al in U.S. Pat. No. 4,657,959 describes adding an ethoxylated nonionic surface active agent containing siloxane or perfluoroalkyl solubilizing groups to achieve a three minute water contact angle below about 65.degree.. While surfactants including hydrocarbyl groups, for rendering the surfactant soluble or dispersible in silicone prepolymer, are mentioned, including ethyleneoxy groups, the results achieved appeared to be less than optimal.

[0009] In sum, polyorganosiloxane impression materials still need improvement in tear strength and wettability in order to provide improved use of these compositions for taking impressions of oral hard and soft tissues such that adequate working time, tear strength and wettability are provided.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0010] The new polyvinylsiloxane impression materials are useful in low and high viscosity impression materials to record hard and soft tissues in the mouth. The new impression material is a two component, platinum-catalyzed, vinylpolysiloxane material. The two component polymerizable organosiloxane composition, one component including a catalyst for polymerization, for making a dental impression, comprises:

(a) a QM resin, containing vinyl groups;

(b) a linear vinyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane fluid, forming with said QM resin a dispersion having a vinyl content of about 0.16 to 0.24 m-mole/g;

(c) an organohydrogen polysiloxane for cross-linking said vhiyl groups;

(d) an organoplatinum catalyst complex for accelerating polymerization of said components;

(e) an emulsifying plasticizer for said catalyst complex;

(f) a retarder component in sufficient amount for temporarily delaying the onset of said polymerization;

(g) a filler; and

(h) a surfactant that imparts wettability to said composition, wherein said composition surface contact angle with water is less than 50.degree. after three minutes.

[0011] There is also provided according to the invention, a polyorganosiloxane impression material employing a silicone glycol surfactant that achieves a water contact angle of less than about 10 degrees at 30 seconds. The preferred surfactant is PEG-8 methicone, such as is available from BASF as Masil SF 19. According to one embodiment of the invention, a contact angle of 2 degrees was achieved at 30 seconds, as will be demonstrated hereinbelow.

[0012] Preferably, the dispersion of (a) and (b) has a viscosity of about 5,000-60,000 cps. The dispersion of (a) and

(b) may comprise a plurality of dispersion components having desired viscosities and QM resin contents. Preferably the QM resin-containing dispersions comprise a first dispersion component having a viscosity of about 5,000-7,000 cps; and a second dispersion component having a viscosity of about 45,000-60,000 cps, said QM resin comprising about 20-25 weight % of each dispersion.

[0013] A preferred QM resin comprises a polyorganosiloxane comprising units of SiO.sub.4/2 and units of R.sup.1 R.sup.2.sub.2 SiO.sub.1/2 wherein

R.sup.l is unsaturated, preferably vinyl and

R.sup.2 is alkyl, aryl, etc., such as methyl, ethyl, phenyl, etc. More preferably, the QM resin comprises the formula: ##STR1##

[0014] The retarder component of the composition is a low molecular weight, vinyl functional fluid that is a linear or cyclic polysiloxane in an amount of at least about 0.030 weight percent of said composition. Preferably, the retarder component comprises: a fluid 1,3-divinyl, dimethyldisiloxane, in an amount of about 0.030 to 0.10 weight percent of said composition.

[0015] The composition includes an emulsifying plasticizer that imparts desired handling and flow properties to the catalyst complex, to match those of the second component, wherein a suitable composition for taking a dental impression may conveniently be formed. Preferably, the plasticizer comprises an alkylphthalate at about 0.5 to 2.0% by weight of said catalyst component and is, most preferably, octyl benzyl phthalate.

[0016] The filler component of the invention comprises about 15 to about 45 weight percent of said composition and preferably includes a filler mixture of about 20 to about 40 weight percent.

[0017] A key component of the composition of the invention is the surfactant for imparting wettability, preferably comprising an HLB of about 8-11 and a pH of about 6-8. A most preferred surfactant is a nonionic surfactant, nonylphenoxy poly (ethyleneoxy) ethanol having an HLB of about 10.8.

[0018] After polymerization, the compositions of the invention include a tear strength of 270-300 PSI (1.86-2.06 MPa) and a contact angle with water of less than 50.degree. at three minutes.

[0019] According to another embodiment of the invention, a base paste and catalyst paste are prepared, wherein a silicone glycol surfactant is present in both pastes or only in one. According to the invention, a contact angle of less than 10 degrees has been achieved in under 15 seconds. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0020] FIG. 1 is a graph showing Wetting Contact Angle, in degrees, as a function of Time, in minutes.

[0021] FIG. 2 is a graph showing Impression Material Viscosity as a function of Time, in minutes.

[0022] FIG. 3 is a graph showing percent elongation and tear strength, in psi.

[0023] FIG. 4 is a graph showing Wetting Contact Angle, in degrees, as a function of Time, in seconds.

[0024] FIG. 5 is a graph showing Wetting Contact Angle, in degrees, as a function of Time, in seconds.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[0025] An exemplary polymerizable polysiloxane compositions of the instant invention comprises, in general: an organopolysiloxane having at least about two vinyl groups per molecule, further including, dispersed therein, a quadri-functional vinyl polysiloxane resin; an organohydrogen-polysiloxane having at least about two hydrogen atoms bonded to at least two silicone atoms per molecule; a catalyst for accelerating the addition of the silicone atoms bonded to the hydrogen atoms to the polysiloxane vinyl groups, including an emulsifying plasticizer; a filler; a low molecular weight retarder composition for delaying onset of polymerization; and an emulsifying surfactant that imparts wettability to said impression material.

[0026] The composition of the invention is divided into two components. A first component, which is conveniently referred to as a "Base Paste", contains the vinylorganopolysiloxanes dispersion, the organo-hydrogen-polysiloxane, a portion of the filler and the surfactant. The second component of this two-part composition is referred to as a "Catalyst Paste" and comprises a second portion of the vinyl polysiloxanes, together with the catalyst for accelerating the addition reaction, the emulsifying plasticizer, a scavenging agent for hydrogen released during polymerization and usually, additional quantities of fillers and pigments.

[0027] A wide variety of organopolysiloxanes having at least about two vinyl groups per molecule are known for inclusion in the dental polysiloxane compositions of the invention to form the dispersion including a quadri- functional vinyl polysiloxane. Each of these materials maybe included in greater or lesser degree in accordance with the practice of the instant invention. Preferred for use herein are linear vinyl terminated polydivinytsiloxanes preferably a divinyl polydimethylsiloxane. Such polymers are sold having varying average molecular weights with concomitant variations in viscosity. It is preferred that these materials be selected to have a viscosity appropriate for the conditions to be experienced by the resulting silicone material. [0028] The dispersions of interest have a viscosity range of 5,000-60,000 cps. In practice, it is convenient to employ a blend of the dispersing polymers having differing viscosities and physical properties to provide compositions having a desired thixotropicity and viscosity.

[0029] The dispersions of interest are preferably formed in two viscosity ranges: (1) a first dispersion having a viscosity of about 5000-7000 cps; and (2) a second dispersion having a viscosity of about 45,000-65,000 cps. While it is convenient to provide polysiloxane oligomers for this purpose having methyl substituents, other substituents may also be included in the compositions in accordance with this invention. Thus, alkyl, aryl, halogen, and other substituents may be included in greater or lesser degree as part of the vinyl polysiloxanes which are useful. Those of ordinary skill in the art will be able to determine which polysiloxane materials are preferred for any particular utility from the foregoing considerations.

[0030] The quadri-functional polysiloxanes, designated and known in the art as QM resins, provide improved tear strength to the polymerized impression composition, by increasing its resulting polymerized crosslink density. As is known, the QM resin is made up of: quadri-functional SiO.sub.4/2 units; and M units, such as R.sup.l R.sup.2.sub.2

SiO.sub.1/2 wherein R.sup.l is unsaturated, preferably vinyl and R.sup.2 is alkyl, aryl or the like, such as methyl, ethyl or phenyl. In a preferred composition R.sup.l is vinyl and both R.sup.2 are methyl. A most preferred composition is represented by the formula: ##STR2##

[0031] The QM resin provides a vinyl concentration in the dispersions with the vinyl-terminated polydivinylsiloxanes of at least about 0.16 m-mole/g. Preferably the vinyl concentration is 0.16-0.24 m-mole/g. The amount of QM resin is preferably about 20-25% by weight of the dispersion. Such dispersions are sold by Miles,

Inc. of Pittsburgh, Pa. Otlier QM resin formulations may be used, including those that are "neat" or dispersed in carriers otlier than the preferred fluid polydivinylsiloxane.

[0032] A key element of the invention is a retarder component that delays onset of polymerization of the QM resin/dispersion such that sufficient working times to employ the composition are provided. It functions, as it is consumed, to offset what would otherwise be a too rapid polymerization. The preferred retarder fluid in the preferred impression material of interest is 1,3 divinyldimethyldisiloxane at a sufficient concentration level to perform its retarding functions, which is in at least about 0.03 weight percent of the composition, preferably within a range of about 0.03 to 0.10 weight percent. This preferred amount is in contrast with the lower amounts of 0.0015-

0.020 weight percent typically employed in PVS systems to stabilize compositions. Other suitable retarders are any low molecular weight, vinyl functional material that would be initially consumed in the polymerization, to delay hardening suitably and as desired, including linear and cyclic polysiloxanes.

[0033] The organohydrogen-polysiloxanes useful in the practice of the present inventions are well-known to those of ordinary skill in the art. It is required only that polysiloxanes having hydrogen atoms directly bonded to silicone atoms be employed, and that they have suitable viscosities and otlier physical properties. Substituents in the molecules such as alkyl (especially methyl), aryl, halogen, and others may be employed as well. It is necessary only that such substituents not interfere with the platinum-catalyzed addition reaction. It is preferred that molecules be employed having at least two silicone-bonded hydrogen atoms per molecule. Polymethylhydrogensiloxane is preferred, having viscosity range of about 35-45 cps.

[0034] The catalysts which are useful for catalyzing the reaction of the silicone atoms (bonded to hydrogen atoms) to the vinyl groups of the vinyl polysiloxane molecules are preferably based upon platinum. In this regard, it is preferred to employ a platinum compound such as chloroplatinic acid, preferably in admixture or complex with one or more vinyl materials, especially vinyl polysiloxanes. While such materials have been found to be preferred, other catalysts are also useful. Thus, platinum metal together with other noble metals including palladium, rhodium, and the like and their respective complexes and salts are also useful. In view of the toxicological acceptability of platinum, however, it is greatly to be preferred for dental use.

[0035] The compositions of the present invention also include a filler, preferably a mixture of hydrophobic fillers. A wide variety of inorganic, hydrophobic fillers may be employed such as silicas, aluminas, magnesias, titanias, inorganic salts, metallic oxides and glasses. It is preferred, however, that forms of silicone be employed, In accordance with the present invention, it has been found to be preferable to employ mixtures of silicones, including those derived form: crystalline silicone dioxide, such as pulverized quartz (4-6.mu.); amorphous silicone dioxides, such as a diatomaceous earth (4-7.mu.); and silanated fumed silica, such as Cab-o-Sil TS-530 (160-240 m.suρ.2 /g), manufactured by Cabot Corporation. The sizes and surface areas of the foregoing materials are controlled to control the viscosity and thixotropicity of the resulting compositions. Some or all of the foregoing hydrophobic fillers may be superficially treated with one or more silanating or "keying" agents, as known to those of ordinary skill in the art. Such silanating may be accomplished through use of known halogenated silanes or silazides. The fillers are present, preferably, in amounts of from about 15 to about 45 weight percent of the composition, forming an impression composition that is polymer rich and, thus, having improved flow properties. The fillers, more preferably, are about 35-40 weight percent of the composition. A preferred filler mixture includes 14-24 weight percent crystalline silicone dioxide, 3-6 weight percent amorphous silicone dioxide and 4-8 weight percent silanated fumed silicone dioxide. A most preferred filler is about 19% cristobalite at about 4-6.mu. particle diameter, about 4% diatomaceous earth at about 4-7.mu. particle diameter and about 6% silanated fumed silica at about 160-240 m.sup.2 /g. [0036] A chemical system may be employed to diminish the presence or degree of hydrogen outgassing which may be typically generated as a result of the vinyl polymerization. The composition thus may comprise a finely divided platinum metal that scavenges for and takes up such hydrogen. The Pt metal may be deposited upon a substantially insoluble salt having a surface area of between about 0.1 and 40m.sup.2 /g. Suitable salts are barium sulphate, barium carbonate and calcium carbonate of suitable particle sizes. Other substrates include diatomaceous earth, activated alumna, activated carbon and others. The inorganic salts are especially preferred to lend improved stability to the resulting materials incorporating them. Dispersed upon the salts is about 0.2 to 2 parts per million of platinum metal, based upon the weight of the catalyst component. It has been found that employment of the platinum metal dispersed upon inorganic salt particles substantially eliminates or diminishes hydrogen outgassing during curing of dental silicones.

[0037] An important improvement of the invention is inclusion in the composition of the PEG-8 Methicone surfactant that imparts wettability to said composition, as indicated by a surface contact angle with water at three minutes of less than 50. degree, or more preferably, less than about 10 degrees at 30 seconds.. An unexpected result of the selection of surfactant provides a major clinical advantage in that the wetting contact angle of less than 10 degree is achieved in less than about 30 seconds, decreasing and remaining below 10 degrees throughout the working time of the composition, in contrast with prior art polyvinylsiloxanes and surfactant formulations that require more time to wet out. This higher wetting rate of the composition of the invention is particularly advantageous during the impression taking process and is shown in the Drawings.

[0038] Referring to FIG. 1, the Wetting Contact Angle, in degrees, as a function of Time, in minutes, is shown for the polyvinyl siloxane composition of the invention, in comparison with prior art compositions. Curve A is the composition of the invention showing a wetting contact angle of about 50.degree. at two minutes after mixing of the base and catalyst components. FIG. 1 demonstrates that good wettability is achieved early and improves at a fast rate over the about 3.5 minutes of useful working life of the impression taking material. Curves B and C are, respectively, polyether and conventional polyvinyl siloxane impression materials of the prior art. FIG. 2 shows Impression Material Viscosity as a function of Time for composition of the invention, Curve A, and the two prior art compositions B and C noted above. It shows the progression of the polymerization process from mixing and, in combination with FIG. 1, demonstrates that the improved wettability of the composition of the invention occurs during the critical working time for the impression material, an important advantages over other known systems.

[0039] According to another embodiment of the invention, the surfactant is placed in only one of the base paste or the catalyst paste, preferably the base paste. Homogeneity of the mixture is preferably controlled, such as by using a preselected number of stators in the mixer. It has been unexpectedly found that improved stability and wettability of the formulation is acheived. Problems of the surfactant in the presence of moisture and the catalyst causing decomposition of the platinum catalyst are avoided. More unexpectedly, the wettability of the material was greatly improved, achieving a 10 degree or better contact angle in 15 seconds, or even better, as will be below demonstrated.

[0040] One surfactant of the invention may be of cationic, anionic, amphoteric or nonionic type. A key criteria for selection is that the Hydrophobic Liphophilic Balance (HLB) value (described by Gower, "Handbook of Industrial

Surfactants", 1993) must be in the range of 8-11. As is well-known, the higher the HLB the more hydrophobic is the substance. In addition, the pH of the surfactant must be in the 6-8 range to prevent side reactions that may be detrimental the polymerization of the impression. A preferred surfactant is nonionic, having an HLB value of 10.8 comprising nonylphenoxypoly(ethyleneoxy) etlianol, sold by Rhone-Poulenc of Cranbury, NJ. as Igepal CO-530. In comparison it is noted above with respect to Bryan et al, in U.S. Pat. No. '959 that Igepal CO-630, having an HLB of

13.0, differing in structure from CO-530 wherein the number of repeating units in CO-630 is 9 and those of CO-530 is 6, is not effective, demonstrating the criticality of the HLB limitation.

[0041] A preferred surfactant is PEG-8 Methicone available from BASF.

[0042] The composition of the invention may include plasticizers that beneficially alter the handling and flow properties of the impression material, particularly the catalyst component. A preferred emulsifying plasticizer is octyl benzyl phthalate. Other phthalates are useful.

[0043] The composition of the invention may include various pigments to achieve a preferred color. Such pigments are well known and include titanium dioxide as well as many others.

[0044] The two component compositions prepared in accordance with the instant invention are employed in the same way that conventional impression materials have been employed. Thus, appropriately equal portions of base paste and catalyst paste are mixed together thoroughly and applied to the oral dentition or otlier region for a period of time sufficient for the polymerizations or hardening of the composition. Once the composition has been substantially hardened, it is removed from the mouth or other surface and. used for the elaboration of casts and the like from which representations of the casting surface are subsequently prepared.

[0045] As will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art, it is important that dental silicone materials be capable of being stored for reasonably long periods of time and at reasonable storage temperature in order to maximize their commercial utility. Accordingly, it is necessary that such materials not suffer from decreased physical properties or substantial changes in working time or hardening time upon such storage. In this regard, accelerated storage tests employing high ambient temperatures are now capable of determining the shelf stability of such materials.

[0046] Certain embodiments of the present invention are described below. Numerous other compositions and formulations may be prepared within the spirit of the invention. The following examples are not to be construed as limiting and are offered by way of illustration.

Example 1

[0047] The two component composition of the invention is formulated in a Base Paste and Catalyst Paste components. Mixing of each component's ingredients is done in a double planetary mixer having a mixing pot heated with circulating water at 45. degree. C.-50. degree. C. and under 65 mm mercury vacuum.

BASE PASTE COMPONENT

[0048] In making the Base Paste, the mixing pot is first charged with all organohydrogen polysiloxane and incrementally thereafter, with QM dispersion and filler component, with mixing continuing until a uniform mixture is achieved. The finished Base Paste is discharged into a storage container.

CATALYST PASTE COMPONENT

[0049] The Catalyst Paste component is formulated and mixed under conditions and in equipment as described above. The platinum catalyst, 1,3 divinyldimethyldisiloxane, QM resin dispersions, fillers and pigments are added incrementally to the mixing pot and mixing carried out until a uniformly mixed mass is achieved. The compounded Catalyst Paste is then discharged into a storage container

[0050] The composition of each component is indicated in the table below, wherein amounts are in weight percent of the component.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

9.00 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

19.62 23.95 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

34.59 42.89 Cristobalite 19.01 19.06

Diatomaceious earth 6.53 6.41 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 6.53 6.00 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

0.65 0.25 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.07 0.07 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

4.00 0.00 Plasticizer 0.00 0.50

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 0.64 1,3-Divinyldimethyidisiloxane

0.00 0.07 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.16 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00

Example 2

[0051] A two component composition of the invention is made by first making a Base Paste and then a Catalyst

Paste as described in Example 1, having the composition indicated in the table below.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

9.00 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

20.18 31.71 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

35.61 35.23 Cristobalite 19.74 20.67

Diatomaceious earth 4.30 4.28 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 6.45 6.42 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

0.65 0.25 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.07 0.07 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

4.00 0.00 Plasticizer 0.00 0.50

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 0.64 1 ,3-Divnιyldimetlιyidisiloxane

0.00 0.07 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.16 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00

Example 3

[0052] A two component composition of the invention is made by first making a Base Paste and then a Catalyst

Paste as described in Example 1, having the composition indicated in the table below.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

10.00 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

14.73 26.91 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

43.80 43.80 Cristobalite 17.00 17.40

Diatomaceious earth 5.00 5.00 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 5.00 5.00 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

0.40 0.50 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.07 0.07 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

4.00 0.00 Plasticizer 0.00 0.50

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 0.65 1 ,3-Divinyldimethyidisiloxane

0.00 0.07 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.01 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00 Example 4

[0053] A two component composition of the invention is made by first making a Base Paste and then a Catalyst

Paste as described in Example 1, having the composition indicated in the table below.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

10.00 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

19.40 32.37 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

36.03 36.03 Cristobalite 20.00 20.00

Diatomaceious earth 5.00 5.00 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 5.00 5.00 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

1.50 0.00 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.07 0.07 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

3.00 0.00 Plasticizer 0.00 0.50

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 1.00 1 , 3 -Divinyldimethyidisiloxane

0.00 0.03 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.00 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00

Example 5

[0054] A two component composition of the invention is made by first making a Base Paste and then a Catalyst

Paste as described in Example 1, having the composition indicated in the table below.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

11.00 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

14.36 28.44 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

43.07 42.64 Cristobalite 17.00 17.19

Diatomaceious earth 5.00 4.95 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 5.00 4.95 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

1.50 0.00 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.07 0.07 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

3.00 0.00 Plasticizer 0.00 0.49

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 1.13 1 ,3-Div yldimethyidisiloxane

0.00 0.06 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.09 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00

Example 6

[0055] A two component composition of the invention is made by first making a Base Paste and then a Catalyst

Paste as described in Example 1, having the composition indicated in the table below.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

9.52 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

11.19 27.91 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

38.07 38.21 Cristobalite 22.84 21.21

Diatomaceious earth 5.71 5.73 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 5.71 5.73 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

1.58 0.00 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.13 0.13 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

4.76 0.00 Plasticizer 0.48 0.48

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 0.48 1 ,3-Divmyldimethyidisiloxane

0.00 0.05 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.08 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00 Example 7

[0056] A two component composition of the invention is made by first making a Base Paste and then a Catalyst

Paste as described in Example 1, having the composition indicated in the table below.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

9.52 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

11.19 27.91 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

38.07 38.21 Cristobalite 22.84 21.21

Diatomaceious earth 5.71 5.73 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 5.71 5.73 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

1.58 0.00 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.13 0.13 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

4.76 0.00 Plasticizer 0.48 0.48

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 0.48 1 ,3-Divinyldimetliyidisiloxane

0.00 0.05 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.08 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00

Example 8

[0057] A two component composition of the invention is made by first making a Base Paste and then a Catalyst

Paste as described in Example 1, having the composition indicated in the table below.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

9.52 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

11.19 27.91 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

38.07 38.21 Cristobalite 22.84 21.21

Diatomaceious earth 5.71 5.73 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 5.71 5.73 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

1.58 0.00 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.13 0.13 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

4.76 0.00 Plasticizer 0.48 0.48

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 0.48 1 ,3-Divinyldimethyidisiloxane

0.00 0.05 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.08 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00

Example 9

[0058] A two component composition of the invention is made by first making a Base Paste and then a Catalyst

Paste as described in Example 1, having the composition indicated in the table below.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

9.52 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

11.19 27.91 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

38.07 38.21 Cristobalite 22.84 21.21

Diatomaceious earth 5.71 5.73 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 5.71 5.73 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

1.58 0.00 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.13 0.13 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

4.76 0.00 Plasticizer 0.48 0.48

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 0.48 1 ,3-Divinyldimethyidisiloxane

0.00 0.05 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.08 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00 Example 10

[0059] A two component composition of the invention is made by first making a Base Paste and then a Catalyst

Paste as described in Example 1, having the composition indicated in the table below.

BASE CATALYST

Organohydrogen Polysiloxane

9.52 0.00 (5000-7000 cps) QM resin dispersion

11.19 27.91 (45000-60000 cps) QM resin dispersion

38.07 38.21 Cristobalite 22.84 21.21

Diatomaceious earth 5.71 5.73 Cab-O-Sil TS-530 5.71 5.73 Pigments Predispersed in Divinyl Polysiloxane

1.58 0.00 Titanium Oxide Pigment 0.13 0.13 Surfactant (Igepal CO-530)

4.76 0.00 Plasticizer 0.48 0.48

Platinum Catalyst 0.00 0.48 1 ,3-Divinyldimethyidisiloxane

0.00 0.05 Finely divided Platinum metal

0.00 0.08 on Calcium Carbonate

100.00 100.00

Example 11

[0060] A representative sample of each of the above described Examples, of 10 grams, is mixed in equal parts and the properties of the mixture and resulting polymerized composition tested. The table below reports the results said measurements. The first five properties reported are tested in accord with ADA Specification 19: Non-Aqueous

Elastomer Impression Materials (1976, as amended in 19a of 1982).

[0061] The following procedure was used to provide tensile tear strength, percent elongation, and modulus of elasticity of the Examples.

[0062] Equal parts of the base and catalyst components are mixed and the samples or specimen is placed in a specimen mold having an I-shaped cavity that is 1.5 mm thick, 20 mm.times.l 1 mm, with top arms of 8 mm depth and center I portion 5 mm wide. The filled mold is clamped between two stainless steel plates and the assembly is placed in a 32.degree. C. water bath. At six minutes from start of mix, the assembly is removed from the bath. The mold is undamped, the specimen is removed from the mold and any flash is removed from the specimen. At 10 minutes from start of mix the specimen is clamped into the specimen test grips of an instron Model 1123 in the extension mode. The Instron is attached to a Microcon II micropressor that has been programmed to calculate the tear strength [psi],% elongation, and modulus of elasticity. At 11 minutes, the specimen is stressed by the Instron at a rate of 10 mm/min. until the specimen reaches peak failure. (The maximum load is set to 5 kg.) This is repeated for five specimens and then statistically evaluated results are reported, as shown in the Table.

[0063] Wetting contact angles are measured for each Example as follows. One gram (1 g) of base and one gram (1 g) of catalyst paste are mixed together until uniform (.about.30 seconds). A one-half gram (0.5 g) of mixed paste is placed between two sheets of polyethylene (Dentsilk) and pressed flat using a glass plate, about 2-3 mm thick. The specimen is allowed to stand undisturbed until set (.about.15 minutes). The polyethylene sheets are removed, being careful not to touch the surface of the specimen, and the specimen placed on the table of a gynometer, a well known device for measuring contact angles. The eyepiece recticle is adjusted to the horizontal and vertical planes of the specimen surface and stop watch is started as a drop of water is dropped onto the specimen surface. At 1.5 minutes to 3.5 minutes, the inside contact angle, in degrees, of the water/specimen interface is measured using the gynometer scale, recorded for the specimen and reported below.

TABLE

PROPERTIES OF EXAMPLES

Examples Property 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Work Time (min)

3 3 3 2 3 4.25 2.50 3.33 3.18 2.50 Set Time (min)

6 6 6 4 6 9 5 7 7 5.75 % Deformation 0.5 0.25 0.45 0.3 1.9 4.25 1.75 2.25 23 1.65 % Strain 2.75 3.15 3.25 2.75 3.5 NA NA NA NA NA Consistency (mm)

33 3436 3238 33 29 32 31 30 Contact Angle.degree. with

30 35 38 3742 28 52 5642 31 water at 3 min. Tear Strength PSI 277 277 295 289 216 NA NA NA NA NA

[0064] Examples 1-3 are preferred compositions. Example 1 is suitable for dispensing from a tube and hand mixing. Example 2 is most preferred for cartridge dispensing and static-mixing. Example 3 describes a composition of the invention that is suitable for forming a lower viscosity composition suitable for either tube or cartridge dispensing.

[0065] The composition of Example 4, having a high viscosity, exhibited severe gassing, having a higher hydride concentration and no degassing component. Example 5, having a low viscosity, demonstrated good syringe consistency but had a high percent deformation and percent strain while tear strength was lower. This composition had a high hydride, low surfactant, low retarder and low catalyst concentration. Compositions of Examples 6, 8 and 9 did not polymerize properly. The composition of Example 6 had too low retarder and catalyst. The surfactant was also too high an HLB and too acid. The composition of Example 7 lacked wetting capability having a surface contact angle exceeding desirable limits. Examples 8 and 9 both were too low in retarder and catalyst concentrations The composition of Example 10 exceeded desired percent deformation. EXAMPLES USING PEG-8 METHICONE SURFACTANT

[0066] As is otherwise conventional, the impression materials according to the present invention may be formulated in a number of viscosities or the like. It is common in the dental industry to formulate impression materials having monophase, heavy, rigid, low viscosity, extra low viscosity and the like. The preferred impression materials, as discussed above, are two-component addition curing polyvinyl siloxane in nature. The materials may also contain silanated, fumed, amorphous and/or crystalline silicas, pigments, flavorants, plasticizers and/or other surfactants. The present material is emplyed in a conventional manner for dental impression materials, taking advantage of its unexpected and improved characteristics as discussed herein.

[0067] Examples of useful impression materials with which the present invention may be employed include the

AQUASIL line of impression materials available from DENTSPLY International Inc. of York, PA, with the addition of the PEG-8 Methicone surfactant, such as the BASF MASIL SF 19 surfactant.

[0068] The following are examples of compositions prepared according to the present invention.

MONOPHASE REGULAR & FAST SET

MONOPHASE REGULAR SET

MONOPHASE FAST SET

HEAVY REGULAR & FAST SET

HEAVY REGULAR SET

HEAVY FAST SET

RIGID REGULAR AND FAST SET

RIGID FAST SET

LOW VISCOSITY

LOW VISCOSITY

EXTRA LOW VISCOSITY

[0069] The following table shows the physical characteristics of the extra low viscosity, low viscosity, monophase and rigid forms of the invention employing MASIL SF-19. As can be seen in the table and in FIG. 3, the wetability and tear strengths are greatly improved over what has been heretofore accomplished in the art. In the table, XLV is extra low viscosity, LV is low viscosity, and RS is regular set, as such terms are conventionally used in the art.

[0070] There is also demonstrated below, the embodiment of the invention wherein all of the surfactant is incorporated into the base paste before it is combinded with the catalyst paste. It has been unexpectedly found, that when the surfactant according to the invention is incoiporated into the base paste only, improved contact angles were achieved. These contact angles are even superior to those of the present invention where the surfactant is incorporated into both the base and the catalyst pastes, which themselves show an improvement over the prior art. This was unexpected from the prior art which does show impression materials with a surfactant in the base paste only. Even though such materials exist, none show the improvement of the present surfactant, and none disclosed further improvements in contact angle data as compared to when the surfactant is incorporated into both pastes. [0071] For exemplary purposes, a number of materials according to this embodiment of the invention were prepared. These included examples of extra low viscosity (XLV), low viscosity (LV), Monophase, and heavy viscosity and rigid, as such terms are conventionally used in the dental arts. RS is "regular set" as such term is conventionally used in the dental arts.

C5

O

C5

O O

Aquasil Ultra Rigid RS ( 1:1 Cartridge)

H U α. COMPOSITION (% BY WEIGHT)

CO

90 O o o o

C5

O o o

Aquasil Ultra Monophase RS ( 1:1 Cartridge)

H U α. COMPOSITION (% BY WEIGHT)

C5

©

C5

© ©

H Aquasil Ultra LV RS ( 1:1 Cartridge) U α. COMPOSITION (% BY WEIGHT)

O

90 ©

© ©

O

[0072] Contact angle data was collected at one second intervals for fifteen seconds after the base paste and the catalyst paste were mixed. For purposes of comparison, the same contact angle data was determined for a number of commercially available commercially available impression materials. These included AQUASIL XLV, LV, RIGID and Monophase impression materials, available from LD Caulk Division of DENTSPLY International. The contact angle data for the inventive and commercially available products is shown in graph form in Fig. 4. [0073] As shown in Fig. 4, the XLV, LV, Rigid, Monophase and Heavy formulations had a contact angle of below 80 degrees or even below 20 degrees, after 1 second, whereas the AQUASIL materials had contact angles of greater than 100 degrees. At 15 seconds, the inventive materials all showed a contact angle of less than 10 degrees, whereas the commercially available products showed a contact angle of greater than 60 degrees.

[0074] A similar set of data were determined for the inventive materials and graphed with data from the commercially available IMPREGNUM impression material from ESPE. At two seconds, the contact angle of the IMPREGNUM materials were all above 50 degrees, with no or little improvement out to as long as 15 seconds. The inventive materials showed a contact angle of 10 or close to 10 at 2 seconds, and better than 10 degrees at 15 seconds. This data is reported in Fig. 5. [0075] Test data was obtained as follows.

Tear Strength

[0076] 1. Materials are mixed according to the manufactures directions and loaded into molds to prepare specimens (see the attached figure) for measuring the tear strength in the tensile mode. Ten specimens for each material are made. [0077] 2. All specimens are cured in a 37 degree oven for 15 minutes before removing from the mold in preparation for testing. [0078] 3. All specimens are pulled in the tensile mode, within one hour, on a Instron universal testing machine.

The specimens are pulled at a rate of lOOmm/min until the specimens tears at the internal right angle of the specimen. [0079] 4. The Force required to tear the specimen is calculated using Instrons series IX software. The average value for each test is reported.

Contact angle

[0080] 1. Materials are mixed according to the manufactures directions.

[0081] 2. Material is dispensed and placed in a 5 x 10 mm specimen ring between two mylar sheets and pressed flat using a glass plates . [0082] 3. The specimen is allowed to cure undisturbed for 15 minutes. [0083] 4. The mylar sheets are removed and the specimen removed from the ring, being careful not to touch the test surface of the specimen. [0084] 5. The specimen is transferred to the surface of the testing platform on a VCA 2500xe video contact angle instrument. [0085] 6. The instrument has been set up to measure the contact angle of a drop of water, in the static mode, at 1 sec intervals for 35 seconds from initial water contact. [0086] 7. The determination of the contact angle from 1-30 seconds is recorded and graphed.

Viscosity build-up

[0087] 1. TA Instruments AR-1000 rheometer equipped with temperature controlling peltier plate and a 4 cm 2 deg cone geometry was used for collecting viscosity build-up data. [0088] 2. Using Advantage software and navigator script the instrument was set to collect viscosity data in the shear mode. A shear stress of 1000 Pa's was used. The temperature was ramped from 28 -35 degrees

Celsius to simulate mixing and insertion into the oral environment. [0089] 3. The test materials were mixed and immediately placed under the 4 cm 2 deg cone geometry on the surface of the test stage. The test script was begun, the geometry was gapped to 54 microns, a 5 sec pre-shear of 1500 Pa's was applied , the viscosity data was then collected at 1000 Pa's for 5 minutes as the temperature ramped from 28 -35 deg C.

[0090] 4. Viscosity change versus Global Time was analyzed and transferred to Excel for graphical representation. [0091] Otlier properties were tested according to standardized procedures, such as ISO 4823 for Elastomeric Impression materials. It was also observed that tear strength data for the inventive materials was as good as or improved over tlie prior art materials. Further, particularly with the embodiment of the invention wherein the surfactant is incorporated into tlie base paste only, improvements in product stability were noted. All of these improvements were deteπnined together with tlie greatly improved contact angles.

[0092] Based upon these results, the inventive materials have superior characteristics and out performed commercially available impression material products especially in the areas of hydrophilicity and tear strength.

Claims

What is claimed is:
1. A dental impression material comprising a polyvinylsiloxane and a surfactant, wherein said surfactant imparts wettability to tlie composition, such that the material has a surface contact angle with water of less than about 10 degrees after about 15 seconds.
2. A dental impression material as in claim 1, wherein said surfactant imparts wettability to the composition, such that the material has a surface contact angle with water of about 10 degrees or less than about 10 degrees after about 2 seconds.
3. A dental impression material as in claim 1 , wherein said surfactant is PEG-8 methicone.
EP20030814199 2002-12-23 2003-12-17 Polyorganosiloxane dental impression material Withdrawn EP1575523A1 (en)

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EP1646358A1 (en) * 2003-07-18 2006-04-19 Dentsply International, Inc. Polyorganosiloxane dental impression materials
JP2006282556A (en) * 2005-03-31 2006-10-19 Gc Corp Impression material composition for making bite
EP1882469A1 (en) 2006-07-28 2008-01-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Polyether-based preparations and use thereof
EP2231102B1 (en) 2007-12-18 2011-09-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Dental composition containing a surfactant and an f-containing compound, process of production and use thereof
DE202009018142U1 (en) 2009-05-09 2011-02-24 Kettenbach Gmbh & Co. Kg Curable compositions prepared therefrom cured products and their use
DE102010028973A1 (en) 2010-05-12 2011-11-17 Voco Gmbh Surfactants containing composition for dental impression
KR101458797B1 (en) * 2013-04-29 2014-11-07 (주) 베리콤 Dental Impression Materials of Improved Mechanical Properties
KR101543335B1 (en) 2014-04-29 2015-08-12 (주) 베리콤 Composition for Dental Impression Materials of Improved Mechanical Properties

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