EP1407159B1 - Master cylinder with improved piston guidance - Google Patents

Master cylinder with improved piston guidance Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1407159B1
EP1407159B1 EP20020743524 EP02743524A EP1407159B1 EP 1407159 B1 EP1407159 B1 EP 1407159B1 EP 20020743524 EP20020743524 EP 20020743524 EP 02743524 A EP02743524 A EP 02743524A EP 1407159 B1 EP1407159 B1 EP 1407159B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
bore
annular
bearing
piston
master cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Not-in-force
Application number
EP20020743524
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German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1407159A1 (en
Inventor
Tim M. Dangel
Paul L. Barr
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FTE Automotive GmbH
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FTE Automotive GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US906287 priority Critical
Priority to US09/906,287 priority patent/US6581380B2/en
Application filed by FTE Automotive GmbH filed Critical FTE Automotive GmbH
Priority to PCT/IB2002/002744 priority patent/WO2003008823A1/en
Publication of EP1407159A1 publication Critical patent/EP1407159A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1407159B1 publication Critical patent/EP1407159B1/en
Not-in-force legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D25/00Fluid-actuated clutches
    • F16D25/08Fluid-actuated clutches with fluid-actuated member not rotating with a clutching member
    • F16D25/088Fluid-actuated clutches with fluid-actuated member not rotating with a clutching member the line of action of the fluid-actuated members being distinctly separate from the axis of rotation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D25/00Fluid-actuated clutches
    • F16D25/12Details not specific to one of the before-mentioned types

Abstract

A master cylinder (10) formed of a forward plastic part (24) snapingly secured to a rearward plastic part (26). The forward part (24) has a tapered draft angle bore (24d) and the rearward part has a purely cylindrical bore (26e) aligned with the draft angle bore of the front part and conforming to the diameter of a piston (14) slideable in the bores. An annular groove (24h) is defined by the parts in surrounding relation to the aligned bores and an annular bearing member (20), having a true cylindrical inner surface (20g) corresponding to the diameter of the piston (14) is positioned in the groove to guide the front end of the piston as the piston moves forwardly into the tapered bore (24d) of the forward part (24).

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates to master cylinders and more particularly to master cylinders especially suited for use in a master/slave hydraulic control system.
  • Master cylinders are in common usage such, for example, as in combination with a slave cylinder to provide the actuating mechanism for a mechanical clutch of a motor vehicle.
  • A typical master cylinder assembly includes a casing structure defining a cylindrical bore and a piston slidably mounted in the bore. Pressurised hydraulic fluid is discharged from the cylindrical bore for delivery to the slave cylinder in response to stroking reciprocal movement of the piston in the bore. Master cylinder assemblies were originally formed primarily of metallic materials but more recently the cylinder bodies have been formed of a plastic material to facilitate the manufacturing process and reduce the cost of the assembly, as is known from document FR-A-2 794 507 .
  • Forming the cylindrical body of a plastic material has the disadvantage that either the bore must be tapered to provide a certain amount of draft to facilitate unmoulding, or complicated and expensive moulding procedures must be employed to provide a purely cylindrical bore. The use of expensive moulding procedures of course significantly increases the cost of the overall assembly and the use of less costly moulding procedures to produce a draft angle bore results in a bore that is not purely cylindrical with resultant piston binding and wear problems. Attempts have also been made to restore a purely cylindrical surface to a tapered bore utilising a metallic sleeve made of steel, aluminium, or other metal or metal alloy and positioned within the tapered bore of the plastic cylinder body. However, this construction again adds complexity and expense to the cylinder assembly.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention is directed to the provision of a master cylinder assembly providing improved piston guidance.
  • More specifically, this invention is directed to a provision of a master cylinder assembly that is inexpensive to produce and yet provides excellent piston guidance.
  • These objects are solved by the features specified in claim 1. Advantageous and appropriate developments form the subject matter of claims 2 to 7.
  • Thus according to the invention there is provided a master cylinder comprising a casing structure defining a bore and a piston mounted for sliding stroking movement in the bore between rearwardly retracted and forwardly extended positions and adapted for connection at a rearward end thereof to a piston rod, the casing structure further defaming an annular groove in surrounding relation to the bore between the ends of the bore, the bore having a forward portion forwardly of the annular groove with a draft angle with the bore diameter forwardly decreasing, and an annular bearing member positioned in the annular groove and having an internal cylindrical bearing surface for receiving and guiding the piston, the bearing surface having a diameter approximating the diameter of the piston and smaller than the diameter of the forward portion of the bore at the juncture of the forward bore portion with the forward end of the annular groove, wherein the casing structure comprises two separate moulded plastics parts including a front part defining the forward bore portion and a rear part defining a rearward bore portion, the parts including coacting means to couple the parts together with the bore portions aligned.
  • This arrangement allows inexpensive moulding techniques to be utilised with respect to the forward portion of the bore while yet providing excellent bearing guidance for the piston.
  • The rearward bore portion rearwardly of the annular groove may further define a purely cylindrical bearing surface slidably receiving a rearward end of the piston. This arrangement allows expensive moulding techniques to be utilised in association with the rearward end of the bore to produce a purely cylindrical bearing surface for coaction with the bearing member while continuing to allow inexpensive moulding techniques to be utilised in association with the forward portion of the bore.
  • Thus the casing structure comprises two separate, moulded plastic parts including the front part defining the forward draft angle bore portion and the rear part defining the cylindrical rearward bore portion. This arrangement clearly distinguishes between the relatively inexpensive technology required to produce the draft angle forward bore portion and the relatively expensive technology required to produce the cylindrical rearward bore portion.
  • The master cylinder may be provided with a reservoir port which opens into the annular groove and an annular seal is also positioned in the annular groove forwardly of the reservoir port.
  • A further annular seal may be positioned in the annular groove rearwardly of the reservoir port.
  • This arrangement allows the use of primary and secondary seals to minimise leakage in the master cylinder assembly.
  • An annular spacer may be provided in the annular groove between the two seals proximate the reservoir port, and the spacer provides passage means allowing the passage of fluid therethrough from the reservoir port.
  • The bearing member may include a main annular body portion seated against an annular shoulder defining the forward end of the annular groove, and an annular lip portion extending rearwardly from the main body portion and having a crenellated configuration, the seal including a flexible annular lip portion positioned in annular surrounding relation to the annular lip portion of the bearing member and movable in response to fluid pressure variations between an outwardly flexed position in which it blocks communication between the reservoir port and the forward bore portion and an inwardly flexed position in which it allows communication between the reservoir port and the forward bore portion through the crenellated portion of the bearing member. This arrangement allows the bearing member to further function as a routing device to allow recuperative fluid to flow into the forward portion of the bore behind the retreating piston.
  • Preferably a plurality of circumferentially spaced axially extending and radially inwardly opening grooves are provided in the bore forwardly of the bearing member, and a plurality of circumferentially spaced axially extending and radially inwardly opening grooves are provided in the annular bearing surface of the bearing member for coaction with the bore grooves, the bearing member lip crenellation, and the seal lip portion. This arrangement allows communication between the forward bore portion and the reservoir port even with the piston in the forwardly extended position received within the bearing member whereby fluid may readily flow from the reservoir port to a location in the forward bore portion forwardly of the piston as the piston moves from a forwardly extended position to a rearwardly retracted position.
  • Other applications of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art when the following description of the best mode contemplated for practising the invention is read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The description herein makes reference to the accompanying drawings wherein like reference numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views, and wherein:
    • Fig. 1 is a cross sectional view of a master cylinder according to the invention;
    • Fig. 2 is a detail view taken within the circle 2 of Fig. 1;
    • Fig. 3 is a detail view of a bearing member utilised in the invention master cylinder;
    • Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the bearing member;
    • Fig. 5 is an exploded view of a casing structure utilised in the invention master cylinder;
    • Figs. 6, 7 and 8 are detail views of a spacer utilised in the invention master cylinder; and
    • Fig. 9 is a detail view taken within the circle 9 of Fig. 1.
    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • The master cylinder 10 of the invention may be utilised in a master/slave cylinder hydraulic system where it is desired to deliver pressurised fluid from a master cylinder in response to operator input via a piston rod for delivery to a slave cylinder which functions to perform a work operation. The master cylinder of the invention may be used for example in a motor vehicle clutch system wherein a clutch pedal of the vehicle is utilised to actuate the master cylinder to deliver pressurised fluid to a slave cylinder to engage and disengage the clutch.
  • Master cylinder 10 (Figure 1), broadly considered, includes a casing structure 12, a piston 14, a piston rod assembly 16, a seal assembly 18, a bearing member 20, and a spring 22.
  • Casing structure 12 includes a body 24 and a piston retainer 26 both formed in a suitable moulding operation of a suitable plastic material such for example as polytetrofluoro ethylene or glass reinforced nylon. Body 24 has a generally tubular configuration and includes a main body portion 24a, a forward fitting portion 24b, and an enlarged rear portion 24c. Main body portion 24a defines a central bore 24d, fitting portion 24b defines a central bore 24e communicating with bore 24d via a port 24f extending through a forward end wall 24g, and rear portion 24c defines a bore 24h opening at the rearward annular end 24i of the rear portion. Bore 24d is tapered (see also Figures 2 and 9) with a draft angle of, for example, one half to one degree resulting from standard moulding operations requiring uncoupling of the mould following the moulding operation, and a plurality of axially extending circumferentially spaced radially inwardly opening grooves 24j are provided in bore 24d. Grooves 24j preferably extend parallel to the centre line 27 of the casing. The grooves therefore have an angled disposition relative to the tapered bore 24d and increase gradually in depth moving forwardly within the bore 24d to a maximum depth where the grooves juncture with a respective plurality of circumferentially spaced ribs 241 proximate the forward end of bore 24d. The minimal diameter of bore 24d, occurring at the juncture of the bore with ribs 241, corresponds generally to the diameter of piston 14.
  • Body 24 (Figures 1, 2 and 5) further includes annular external mounting flanges 24m and 24n to facilitate mounting of the casing to the associated motor vehicle structure, a plurality of circumferentially spaced rectangular openings 24p positioned in rear portion 24c proximate annular rear end 24i, and a spigot or fitting 24q defining an angled central reservoir bore 24r opening at port 24t in bore 24h and arranged for communication with a suitable reservoir (not shown) for containing hydraulic fluid.
  • Piston retainer 26 (Figures 1, 2 and 5) has a generally tubular configuration and includes a forward portion 26a defining an internal forwardly opening groove 26b and an external groove 26c receiving an "O" ring 28, a rear main body portion 26d defining a cylindrical bore 26e and including a rear wall 26f defining a central opening 26g; and a plurality of circumferentially spaced spring fingers or prongs 26h extending rearwardly from an annular shoulder 26i interconnecting portions 26a and 26d.
  • Piston 14 (Figures 1 and 2) may be formed of a suitable plastic, aluminium, or other metallic material and includes a forward portion 14a defining a blind forwardly opening central bore 14b and a rearward portion 14c defining a rearwardly opening blind central bore 14d. A partition 14e separates bores 14b and 14d and a plurality of circumferentially spaced generally circular apertures 14f extend through the tubular wall of forward portion 14a proximate the forward annular end 14g of the piston. The outer periphery of piston 14 has a purely cylindrical geometry conforming to the geometry of cylindrical bore 26e.
  • Piston rod assembly 16 (Figures 1 and 5) includes a piston rod 28 and piston rod retainers 30. Piston rod 28 is of known form and is intended for coaction at its rearward end, for example, with a clutch pedal of a motor vehicle. The forward end of the piston rod has a ball configuration 28a. Retainers 30 are designed to coact to encapsulate the ball 28a of the piston rod and have a cylindrical configuration sized to fit within blind bore 14d with the ball 28a of the piston rod entrapped therebetween.
  • Seal assembly 18 (Figures 1 and 2) includes a primary seal 32, a secondary seal 34, and a spacer 36.
  • Primary seal 32 is formed of a suitable elastomeric material such for example as EPDM and has an annular configuration. Seal 32 includes an annular main body portion 32a, an outer lip portion 32b, and an inner lip portion 32c. Outer lip portion 32b has a thinner cross sectional configuration than inner lip portion 32c so as to be more readily flexed.
  • Secondary seal 34 is also formed of a suitable elastomeric material such for example as EPDM and has an annular configuration. Secondary seal 34 includes a main body portion 34a, and outer lip portion 34b, and an inner lip portion 34c.
  • Spacer 36 (see also Figures 6, 7 and 8) has an annular configuration and is formed of a suitable plastic material in a suitable moulding operation. Spacer 36 includes an annular main body portion 36a and a plurality of circumferentially spaced lug portions 36b projecting rearwardly from a rear face 36c of the main body portion and each including a crenel portion 36d projecting radially outwardly beyond the outer periphery 36e of the main body portion to provide a castellated or crenellated configuration to the outer periphery of the spacer. The outer diameter of the spacer as defined by the radially outwardly projecting crenel portions 36b corresponds generally to the diameter of bore 24h of the rear portion of the body of the casing structure and the inner diameter 36f of the spacer is larger than the diameter of piston 14 so as to define an annular passage 40 therebetween.
  • Bearing 20 (Figures 1-4) has an annular configuration and is formed of a suitable plastic material such for example as a pure nylon material. Bearing 20 includes an annular main body portion 20a and an annular lip portion 20b extending rearwardly from a rear face 20c of the bearing and including a plurality of circumferentially spaced cut-outs 20d giving the lip a crenellated or castellated configuration including circumferentially spaced land portions 20e alternating with grooves or passages 20f. The outer diameter of the main body portion 20a of the bearing is slightly in excess of the diameter of the bore 24h and the inner diametric surface 20g of the bearing has a purely cylindrical geometry corresponding to the outer diameter of piston 14 and the diameter of bore 26e and slightly exceeding the diameter of bore 24d at the juncture of bore 24d with an annular shoulder 24s interconnecting bores 24d and 24h. A plurality of circumferentially spaced axial grooves 20h are provided on the inner diameter of the bearing. Grooves 20h preferably correspond in number and circumferential spacing to the grooves 24j in bore 24d.
  • Spring 22 (Figures 1, 2 and 9) is formed of a suitable metallic and has a known coil configuration.
  • ASSEMBLY
  • In the assembled configuration of the master cylinder (Figures 1 and 2), piston retainer 26 is telescopically received in bore 24h and is locked in position within the body by the engagement of shoulders 26j defined on fingers 26h against the rearward edges of openings 24p; piston 14 is slidably received in bore 26e; piston rod retainers 30 are positioned in blind bore 14d; piston rod 28 extends through opening 26g with its spherical forward end 28a encapsulated by retainers 30; bearing 20 is received with a press fit in the forward end of bore 24h with the forward face 20h of main body portion 20a seated against annular shoulder 24s and with grooves 20e in respective circumferential alignment with grooves 24j; primary seal 32 is positioned in bore 24h against bearing 20 with outer lip 32b flexibly and sealably engaging bore 24h, inner lip 32c flexibly and sealingly engaging the outer periphery of piston 14, and a crotch 32d defined between inner and outer lips 32b and 32c seated against the land portions 20e of the bearing lip; spacer 36 is positioned in bore 24h against primary seal 32 with the forward annular face 36g of main body portion 36a seated against rear annular face 32e of the main body portion 32a of primary seal 32, the outer diameter of crenels 36b seated in bore 24h and in radial alignment with reservoir passage 24r, inner diameter 36f positioned in outwardly spaced relation to the outer diameter of piston 14 to define annular passage 40 between the piston and the spacer, and the rearward face 36g of crenels 36d seated against the annular forward edge 26k of piston retainer 26; secondary seal 34 is positioned in groove 26b with the rear annular face 34d of the main body of the seal seated against an annular shoulder 26t defining the rearward extent of groove 26b, the outer face 34e of the main body of the seal positioned against surface 26u defining the outer periphery of groove 26b, outer lip 34b flexibly and sealably positioned in the juncture between the rearward face 36h of the spacer lugs 36b and the surface 26u, and inner lip 34c flexibly and sealingly engaging the outer periphery of piston 14; and spring 22 is positioned at its rearward end in blind bore 14b and at its forward end against end wall 24g to resiliently maintain the piston in a rearwardly retracted position within bore 26e wherein the annular rear surface 30b of retainers 30 engage wall 26f and apertures 14f are positioned immediately rearwardly of the sealing line on the piston of inner lip 32c of the primary seal.
  • It will be seen that body 24 and piston retainer 26 coact to define a casing structure having a central bore defined by bores 24d/26e, that surfaces 24s, 24h, 26k, 26u and 26t combine in the assembled master cylinder to define an annular groove positioned in surrounding relation to the bore 24d/26e between the ends of the bore in which the primary seal, spacer, and secondary seal are positioned in surrounding relation to the piston, and that the rear end of tapered bore 24d, where it intersects shoulder 24s, has a slightly greater diameter than the cylindrical bearing surface 20g defined by the inner diameter of bearing 20.
  • OPERATION
  • With the piston in the fully retracted position seen in Fig. 1, it will be seen that the reservoir and the bore of the casing are connected by bore 24r, spaces between the crenels of the spacer lugs, passage 40, and apertures 14f so that the reservoir and casing structure may equalise to ensure that the bore of the casing is filled at all times. The described fluid passage between the reservoir and the bore of the cylinder also facilitates initial filling of the cylinder.
  • When the piston is moved forwardly in the cylinder in response to, for example, depression of the clutch pedal of the associated motor vehicle, apertures 14 immediately move beyond the effective sealing edge of the inner lip 32c of the primary seal so that communication between the reservoir and the bore of the cylinder is terminated and so that, as the piston continues to move forwardly, the fluid forwardly of the piston is pressurised for delivery to the slave cylinder and ultimate actuation of the associated clutch of the motor vehicle.
  • The forward movement of the piston is resisted by compression of the spring 22 and the forward or extended position of the piston is defined by engagement of the annular front edge 14g of the piston with ribs 241. As the piston moves forwardly from its retracted to its extended position, it is initially guided by cylindrical bore 26e and thereafter, with continued forward movement, is further guided by the inner cylindrical surface 20g of bearing 20. In this regard, whereas bore 26e may be moulded with a draft to facilitate unplugging of the mould, preferably sophisticated moulding procedures are employed to ensure that the bore 26e has a truly cylindrical configuration to optimise the guiding action provided to the piston.
  • The draft angles and other dimensions of body 24 are preferably chosen such that as the piston arrives at its extreme forward position, the diameter of the piston essentially matches the diameter of the bore 26d.
  • In a normal retraction of the piston wherein the operator's foot remains on the clutch pedal and allows the system to gradually return to a retracted position, fluid from the slave cylinder and the interconnecting conduit flow into the bore 24d behind the retreating piston to ensure that the bore remains filled.
  • However, in certain situations such as when the operators foot slips off the clutch pedal and the pedal and the piston are returned abruptly to the retracted position, the fluid from the slave cylinder and conduit are unable to in effect keep up with the retreating piston to fill the bore behind the retreating piston. In this case, it is necessary to allow the reservoir to replenish or recoup the cylinder. This recouping flow is allowed by radially inward flexing movement of the outer lip of the primary seal to the dash line position seen in Fig. 2 so as to create a passage from port 24r around the outer periphery of the primary seal, around the inwardly flexed lip 32b, through the crenelations of the bearing, through the axial bearing grooves 20h, and through the axial bore grooves 24j.
  • Whereas it is desirable that the bearing grooves 20h line up circumferentially with the respective bore grooves 24j, such alignment is not critical since the difference in diameter between the bearing cylindrical surface 20g and the body bore proximate the bearing allows fluid to circulate circumferentially between the bearing grooves and the bore grooves to seek out the bore grooves even if they are not axially aligned with the respective bearing grooves.
  • The use of a separate bearing member defining a true cylindrical bearing surface for engagement with the piston will be seen to allow the use of conventional inexpensive moulding techniques with respect to the body of the casing structure without derogating the bearing support provided to the piston, thereby resulting in a significant savings in the overall cost of the master cylinder assembly.
  • While the invention has been described in connection with what is presently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited to the disclosed embodiments but defined by the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (7)

  1. A master cylinder (10) comprising
    a casing structure (12) defining a bore (24d, 26e) and
    a piston (14) mounted for sliding stroking movement in the bore (24d, 26e) between rearwardly retracted and forwardly extended positions and adapted for connection at a rearward end thereof to a piston rod (28),
    the casing structure (12) further defining an annular groove (24s, 24h, 26k, 26u, 26t) in surrounding relation to the bore (24d, 26e) between the ends of the bore (24d, 26e),
    the bore (24d, 26e) having a forward portion (24d) forwardly of the annular groove (24s, 24h, 26k, 26u, 26t) with a draft angle with the bore diameter forwardly decreasing, and
    an annular bearing member (20) positioned in the annular groove (24s, 24h, 26k, 26u, 26t) and having an internal cylindrical bearing surface (20g) for receiving and guiding the piston (14), the bearing surface (20g) having a diameter approximating the diameter of the piston (14) and smaller than the diameter of the forward portion (24d) of the bore (24d, 26e) at the juncture of the forward bore portion (24d) with the forward end (24s) of the annular groove (24s, 24h, 26k, 26u, 26t),
    wherein the casing structure (12) comprises two separate moulded plastics parts (24, 26) including a front part (24) defining the forward bore portion (24d) and a rear part (26) defining a rearward bore portion (26e), the parts (24, 26) including coacting means (24p, 26h, 26j) to couple the parts (24, 26) together with the bore portions (24d, 26e) aligned.
  2. A master cylinder (10) according to claim 1, wherein the rearward bore portion (26e) is cylindrical.
  3. A master cylinder (10) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a reservoir port (24t) opens into the annular groove (24s, 24h, 26k, 26u, 26t), and an annular seal (32) is also positioned in the annular groove (24s, 24h, 26k, 26u, 26t) forwardly of the reservoir port (24t).
  4. A master cylinder (10) according to claim 3, wherein a further annular seal (34) is positioned in the annular groove (24s, 24h, 26k, 26u, 26t) rearwardly of the reservoir port (24t).
  5. A master cylinder (10) according to claim 4, wherein an annular spacer (36) is positioned in the annular groove (24s, 24h, 26k, 26u, 26t) between the two seals (32, 34) proximate the reservoir port (24t), and the spacer (36) provides passage means (40) allowing the passage of fluid therethrough from the reservoir port (24t).
  6. A master cylinder (10) according to any one of claims 3 to 5, wherein the bearing member (20) includes a main annular body portion (20a) seated against an annular shoulder (24s) defining the forward end of the annular groove (24s, 24h, 26k, 26u, 26t), and an annular lip portion (20b) extending rearwardly from the main body portion (20a) and having a crenellated configuration (20d, 20e, 20f), the seal (32) including a flexible annular lip portion (32b) positioned in annular surrounding relation to the annular lip portion (20b) of the bearing member (20) and moveable in response to fluid pressure variations between an outwardly flexed position in which it blocks communication between the reservoir port (24t) and the forward bore portion (24d) and an inwardly flexed position in which it allows communication between the reservoir port (24t) and the forward bore portion (24d) through the crenellated portion (20d, 20e, 20f) of the bearing member (20).
  7. A master cylinder (10) according to claim 6, wherein a plurality of circumferentially spaced, axially extending, and radially inwardly opening grooves (24j) are provided in the bore (24d) forwardly of the bearing member (20), a plurality of circumferentially spaced, axially extending, and radially inwardly opening grooves (20h) also being provided in the annular bearing surface (20g) of the bearing member (20) for coaction with the bore grooves (24j), the bearing member lip crenellation (20d, 20e, 20f), and the seal lip portion (32b) to allow communication between the forward bore portion (24d) and the reservoir port (24t) even with the piston (14) in a forwardly extended position received within the bearing member (20) so that fluid may readily flow from the reservoir port (24t) to a location in the forward bore portion (24d) forwardly of the piston (14) as the piston (14) moves from a forwardly extended position to a rearwardly retracted position.
EP20020743524 2001-07-16 2002-07-10 Master cylinder with improved piston guidance Not-in-force EP1407159B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US906287 2001-07-16
US09/906,287 US6581380B2 (en) 2001-07-16 2001-07-16 Master cylinder with improved piston guidance
PCT/IB2002/002744 WO2003008823A1 (en) 2001-07-16 2002-07-10 Master cylinder with improved piston guidance

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1407159A1 EP1407159A1 (en) 2004-04-14
EP1407159B1 true EP1407159B1 (en) 2010-11-03

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EP20020743524 Not-in-force EP1407159B1 (en) 2001-07-16 2002-07-10 Master cylinder with improved piston guidance

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US (1) US6581380B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1407159B1 (en)
DE (1) DE60238196D1 (en)
WO (1) WO2003008823A1 (en)

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DE19523217A1 (en) 1995-06-27 1997-01-02 Schaeffler Waelzlager Kg Seals in a master cylinder
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US20030010027A1 (en) 2003-01-16
WO2003008823A1 (en) 2003-01-30
DE60238196D1 (en) 2010-12-16
US6581380B2 (en) 2003-06-24
EP1407159A1 (en) 2004-04-14

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