EP1182679A1 - Power breaker - Google Patents

Power breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1182679A1
EP1182679A1 EP00117371A EP00117371A EP1182679A1 EP 1182679 A1 EP1182679 A1 EP 1182679A1 EP 00117371 A EP00117371 A EP 00117371A EP 00117371 A EP00117371 A EP 00117371A EP 1182679 A1 EP1182679 A1 EP 1182679A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
shaft
preventing lock
returning motion
returning
power circuit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP00117371A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Goro Yazaki Parts Co. Ltd. Nakamura
Takahiro Yazaki Parts Co. Ltd. Sato
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yazaki Corp
Original Assignee
Yazaki Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yazaki Corp filed Critical Yazaki Corp
Priority to EP00117371A priority Critical patent/EP1182679A1/en
Publication of EP1182679A1 publication Critical patent/EP1182679A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H39/00Switching devices actuated by an explosion produced within the device and initiated by an electric current
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H1/00Contacts
    • H01H1/58Electric connections to or between contacts; Terminals
    • H01H2001/5877Electric connections to or between contacts; Terminals with provisions for direct mounting on a battery pole
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H39/00Switching devices actuated by an explosion produced within the device and initiated by an electric current
    • H01H2039/008Switching devices actuated by an explosion produced within the device and initiated by an electric current using the switch for a battery cutoff

Abstract

A reset knob 20 is mounted to a tip end of a shaft 16. A torsion spring 21 and a returning motion-preventing lock 22 are bent and accommodated in the reset knob 20. The returning motion-preventing lock 22 can rotate around a reset-knob fulcrum 20a of the reset knob 20 by a load of the torsion spring 21. Therefore, the returning motion-preventing lock 22 jumps out from inside of the reset knob 20 which is firmly connected together with the shaft 16 by a force of the torsion spring 21, thereby preventing the shaft 16 and the reset knob 20 from returning to an initial position. Further, since the returning motion-preventing lock 22 can easily be accommodated in the reset knob 20 manually, a reset operation for returning the shaft 16 to its original initial position can be carried out easily.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a power breaker for interrupting a power circuit utilizing sublimation of a gas starting agent for example, and more particularly, to a resettable power breaker in which after a power circuit is forcibly interrupted when abnormal conditions were encountered or a short circuit, collision of vehicle or the like occurred, it is possible to reliably prevent the power circuit from being energized again by impact, vibration or other external force.
  • Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. H11-301376 discloses a structure in which in a power breaker in which can forcibly interrupt a power circuit when abnormal conditions were encountered or a short circuit, collision of vehicle or the like occurred. However, a structure of the above-described conventional power breaker as the following problem. That is, since there is no function for holding the shaft at the interruption position after the shaft was slid to the interruption position to interrupt between the terminals, there is an adverse possibility that the shaft may be returned to the initial position by reaction force, impact, vibration caused by the projecting motion of the shaft or by external force, and the terminals may be electrically connected to each other.
  • Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. H9-251830 discloses a structure in which in a power breaker having two terminals for making and breaking a power circuit and capable of connecting and separating the two terminals to and from each other by sliding movement of a shaft. In the case of a returning motion-preventing lock used in the disclosed technique, there is a problem that although the shaft can be locked at the interruption position, this lock can not be released to return the shaft to the initial position.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In view of the above circumstances, it is an object of the present invention to provide a resettable power breaker in which after a power circuit is forcibly interrupted when abnormal conditions were encountered or a short circuit, collision of vehicle or the like occurred, it is possible to reliably prevent the power circuit from being energized again by impact, vibration or other external force.
  • To achieve the above object, according to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a power breaker comprising a pair of terminals inserted in a power circuit for connecting a battery of a vehicle and loads provided in various portions of the vehicle, and a shaft capable of connecting and separating the terminals to and from each other by sliding movement of the shaft, in which the shaft is slid from an initial position where the terminals are connected to each other to an interruption position where the terminals are separated from each other, thereby interrupting the power circuit, wherein the shaft is provided at its one end with a returning motion-preventing lock which jumps out from the shaft when the shaft interrupts the power circuit to prevent the shaft from returning to the initial position.
  • According to the first aspect, the shaft capable of connecting and separating the two terminals with and from each other to energize and interrupt the power circuit is provided at its one end with a returning motion-preventing lock which jumps out from the shaft when the shaft interrupts the power circuit to prevent the shaft from returning to the initial position. Therefore, the shaft can be held at the interruption position by the returning motion-preventing lock, and it is possible to reliably prevent the power circuit from being energized again by impact, vibration or other external force after a power circuit is forcibly interrupted when abnormal conditions were encountered or a short circuit, collision of vehicle or the like occurred.
  • Accordingly, since the returning motion-preventing lock jumps out from the shaft when the shaft interrupts the power circuit, a reset operation for returning the shaft to its original initial position can be carried out easily.
  • In a second aspect of the present invention, the returning motion-preventing lock is accommodated in a reset knob mounted to one end of the shaft together with a resilient member, and the returning motion-preventing lock jumps out by a force of the resilient member when the shaft interrupts the power circuit.
  • According to the second aspect, since the returning motion-preventing lock can easily be accommodated in the reset knob manually, the reset operation for returning the shaft to the original initial position can be carried out easily.
  • In a third aspect of the present invention, the resilient member is a torsion spring provided in the reset knob and acting around the reset knob fulcrum.
  • According to the third aspect, since the torsion spring exerts a force in an opening direction to the returning motion-preventing lock around the reset knob. Further, since the returning motion-preventing lock can easily be accommodated in the reset knob manually, the reset operation for returning the shaft to the original initial position can be carried out easily.
  • In a fourth aspect of the present invention, the returning motion-preventing lock is provided with a claw engaged with an apparatus body when the returning motion-preventing lock jumps out from the shaft, thereby preventing the shaft from falling out from the apparatus body.
  • According to the fourth aspect, the returning motion-preventing lock is provided with a claw engaged with an apparatus body when the returning motion-preventing lock jumps out from the shaft, thereby preventing the shaft from falling out from the apparatus body. Therefore, the reset operation for returning the shaft to the original initial position is not interrupted.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • Fig. 1 is a block diagram showing one example of electrical equipment system to which a power breaker of the present invention is applied;
  • Fig. 2 is a flowchart showing an interrupting flow of the electrical equipment system shown in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 3 is a sectional side view of an essential portion of an embodiment of the gas-type power breaker in its initial state before it is operated;
  • Fig. 4 is a sectional side view of an essential portion of the one example of the gas-type power breaker in its interruption state after it was operated;
  • Fig. 5 is a detailed explanatory view of a returning motion-preventing lock; and
  • Fig. 6 is a detailed explanatory view for explaining a manual operation for accommodating the returning motion-preventing lock in a reset knob.
  • DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • Fig. 1 is a block diagram showing one example of electrical equipment system to which a power breaker of the present invention is applied. As shown in Fig. 1, in this electrical equipment system 1, a starter 3, an alternator 4, an ignition switch (IGN.SW) 5, and other loads such as a load 6 provided in various portions of a vehicle are connected to a battery 2 of the vehicle through a wire harness 8 having an electric wire 7. A power breaker 9 of the present invention is interposed in the power circuit. A number 10 represents a G-sensor (G-SSR), and a number 11 represents an air bag ECU. They are used for operating the power breaker 9. A number 12 represents a hazard, a number 13 represents a phone (PHONE), and a number 14 represents a door lock (D/L). They are examples of system structural articles which do not interrupt the power circuit by the power breaker 9.
  • According to this electrical equipment system 1, as shown in an interruption flow of Fig. 2, if the subject vehicle collided against an object such as another vehicle ahead and a collision signal was output from the G-sensor (G-SSR) 10 to the air bag ECU11, (step ST201), a circuit interrupting signal is generated in the air bag ECU11, and this generated circuit interrupting signal is output to the power breaker 9 (step ST202).
  • With this signal, the power breaker 9 can interrupt the power circuit to stop the electric supply from the battery 2 to the various loads such as the starter 3, the alternator 4, the ignition switch (IGN.SW) 5 (step ST203) as will be explained below based on Figs. 3 to 6.
  • Figs. 3 and 4 show a structure of one embodiment of the power breaker 9 of the present invention. Fig. 3 is a sectional side view of an essential portion of an embodiment of the gas-type power breaker in its initial state before it is operated, and Fig. 4 is a sectional side view of an essential portion of the one example of the gas-type power breaker in its interruption state after it was operated.
  • In the power breaker 9, a shaft 16 is inserted in a base body (apparatus body) 15, and the power breaker 9 includes terminals 17a, 17b which are connected to each other for feeding electricity from the battery 2 to each of the loads such as the starter 3 and the alternator 4.
  • In an initial state before the power breaker 9 is operated, the terminals 17a, 17b are electrically connected to each other by the shaft 16. Therefore, a current of the power circuit flows from terminal 17a → shaft 16 → terminal 17b. Since the terminals 17a, 17b are in contact with the multi-point connection spring 18 at contacts, a large current can flow through the terminals 17a, 17b.
  • In this power breaker 9, a reset knob 20 is mounted to a tip end of the shaft 16 using a stopper 19, and a torsion spring 21 and a returning motion-preventing lock 22 are bent and accommodated in the reset knob 20.
  • The returning motion-preventing lock 22 can be rotated around a reset-knob fulcrum 20a of the reset knob 20 by a load of the torsion spring 21. Further, as shown in Fig. 5, the returning motion-preventing lock 22 is provided with a claw 22a so that the returning motion-preventing lock 22 will not rotate beyond a predetermined rotational angular position to prevent the shaft 16 from falling out from the base body 15.
  • An ignitor 24 accommodating a gas starting agent 23 therein is mounted to a rear end of the shaft 16. In Fig. 5, a number 25 represents a starting-agent case, a number 26 represents a nozzle, a number 27 represents a nozzle-mounting plate, a number 28 represents an O-ring, and a number 29 represents a terminal-mounting plate.
  • In such an assembling structure, when gas is generated by sublimation of the gas starting agent 23, the shaft 16 and the reset knob 20 are moved by this gas pressure to an interruption state shown in Fig. 1 in which the shaft 16 and the reset knob 20 are projected from the base body 15.
  • In this state, the returning motion-preventing lock 22 jumps out from inside of the reset knob 20 firmly connected together with the shaft 16, and it is possible to prevent the shaft 16 and the reset knob 20 from returning to the initial position.
  • Therefore, the shaft 16 can be held at the interruption position by the returning motion-preventing lock 22, and it is possible to reliably prevent the power circuit from being energized again by impact, vibration or other external force after a power circuit is forcibly interrupted when abnormal conditions were encountered or a short circuit, collision of vehicle or the like occurred.
  • The returning motion-preventing lock 22 jumps out from inside of the reset knob 20 firmly connected together with the shaft 16 by a force of the torsion spring 21 at the time of the interrupting operation of the shaft. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 6, the returning motion-preventing lock 22 can easily be inserted manually into the reset knob 20 in a direction of arrow A while pushing the returning motion-preventing lock 22 in a direction of arrow B (while preventing the returning motion-preventing lock 22 from jumping out).
  • When the returning motion-preventing lock 22 jumps out from inside of the reset knob 20, the claw 22a provided on the returning motion-preventing lock 22 engages the base body 15 to prevent the shaft 16 from falling out from the base body 15. Therefore, the reset operation for returning the shaft 16 to the original initial position is not interrupted.
  • Since the returning motion-preventing lock 22 can easily be accommodated in the reset knob 20 manually and the shaft 16 can be prevented from falling out from the base body 15 in this manner, the reset operation for returning the shaft 16 to the original initial position can be carried out easily.
  • In the present invention, as a resilient member provided in the reset knob 20 mounted to one end of the shaft 16, a compression spring or a rubber may be used instead of the torsion spring. Any member may be used as the resilient member only if it can reliably bias the returning motion-preventing lock outward at the time of the interrupting operation of the shaft.

Claims (4)

  1. A power breaker comprising a pair of terminals inserted in a power circuit for connecting a battery of a vehicle and loads provided in various portions of the vehicle, and a shaft capable of connecting and separating said terminals to and from each other by sliding movement of said shaft, in which said shaft is slid from an initial position where said terminals are connected to each other to an interruption position where said terminals are separated from each other, thereby interrupting said power circuit, wherein
       said shaft is provided at its one end with a returning motion-preventing lock which jumps out from said shaft when said shaft interrupts said power circuit to prevent said shaft from returning to said initial position.
  2. A power breaker according to claim 1, wherein said returning motion-preventing lock is accommodated in a reset knob mounted to one end of said shaft together with a resilient member, and said returning motion-preventing lock jumps out by a force of said resilient member when said shaft interrupts said power circuit.
  3. A power breaker according to claim 2, wherein said resilient member is a torsion spring biasing said returning motion-preventing lock outward.
  4. A power breaker according to claim 1, wherein said returning motion-preventing lock is provided with a claw engaged with an apparatus body when said returning motion-preventing lock jumps out from said shaft, thereby preventing said shaft from falling Out from said apparatus body.
EP00117371A 2000-08-23 2000-08-23 Power breaker Withdrawn EP1182679A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP00117371A EP1182679A1 (en) 2000-08-23 2000-08-23 Power breaker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP00117371A EP1182679A1 (en) 2000-08-23 2000-08-23 Power breaker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1182679A1 true EP1182679A1 (en) 2002-02-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP00117371A Withdrawn EP1182679A1 (en) 2000-08-23 2000-08-23 Power breaker

Country Status (1)

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EP (1) EP1182679A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004081960A1 (en) * 2003-03-12 2004-09-23 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Housing and and a conducting rail for disconnecting a battery

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2204734A (en) * 1987-05-12 1988-11-16 Harry Marsh Thompson A vehicle battery isolating switch
JPH09251830A (en) 1996-02-21 1997-09-22 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Onboard network for vehicle
US5808253A (en) * 1995-04-06 1998-09-15 Fuji Electric Co., Ltd. Circuit-breaking apparatus
JPH11301376A (en) 1998-04-15 1999-11-02 Yazaki Corp Power supply shutoff device
US6078108A (en) * 1996-04-04 2000-06-20 Kabelkonfektion Gebauer & Griller Gmbh Apparatus for interrupting the flow of current in a cable

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2204734A (en) * 1987-05-12 1988-11-16 Harry Marsh Thompson A vehicle battery isolating switch
US5808253A (en) * 1995-04-06 1998-09-15 Fuji Electric Co., Ltd. Circuit-breaking apparatus
JPH09251830A (en) 1996-02-21 1997-09-22 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Onboard network for vehicle
US6078108A (en) * 1996-04-04 2000-06-20 Kabelkonfektion Gebauer & Griller Gmbh Apparatus for interrupting the flow of current in a cable
JPH11301376A (en) 1998-04-15 1999-11-02 Yazaki Corp Power supply shutoff device

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 1999, no. 07 31 March 1999 (1999-03-31) *
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 2000, no. 02 29 February 2000 (2000-02-29) *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004081960A1 (en) * 2003-03-12 2004-09-23 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Housing and and a conducting rail for disconnecting a battery
US7498531B2 (en) 2003-03-12 2009-03-03 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Housing and a conducting rail for disconnecting a battery

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