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EP0893021A1 - Terminating data voice call architecture - Google Patents

Terminating data voice call architecture

Info

Publication number
EP0893021A1
EP0893021A1 EP19970903175 EP97903175A EP0893021A1 EP 0893021 A1 EP0893021 A1 EP 0893021A1 EP 19970903175 EP19970903175 EP 19970903175 EP 97903175 A EP97903175 A EP 97903175A EP 0893021 A1 EP0893021 A1 EP 0893021A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
data
voice
telephone
call
network
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP19970903175
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Robert V. Henry
Robert Kenedi
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nortel Networks Ltd
Original Assignee
Nortel Networks Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M7/00Interconnection arrangements between switching centres
    • H04M7/12Interconnection arrangements between switching centres for working between exchanges having different types of switching equipment, e.g. power-driven and step by step, decimal and non-decimal, circuit-switched and packet-switched, i.e. gateway arrangements
    • H04M7/1205Interconnection arrangements between switching centres for working between exchanges having different types of switching equipment, e.g. power-driven and step by step, decimal and non-decimal, circuit-switched and packet-switched, i.e. gateway arrangements where the types of switching equipement comprises PSTN/ISDN equipment and switching equipment of networks other than PSTN/ISDN, e.g. Internet Protocol networks
    • H04M7/128Details of addressing, directories or routing tables

Abstract

The invention resides in the field of telecommunication network architecture which supports voice connections over data networks and publicly switched networks. In one preferred embodiment, the invention permits a voice connection between a personal computer or CPE device (10) and a plain regular telephone terminal (30), over an Internet or data network (20) and a local exchange carrier or local access provider of the PSTN (24) to which the regular telephone terminal is connected.

Description

TERMINATING DATA VOICE CALL ARCHITECTURE

Technical Field and Industrial Application

The invention generally relates to voice services over computer and/or data networks. In particular, it is directed to a service architecture by which a duplex voice call connection can be established between a computer or CPE (customer premise equipment) device and a regular telephone over wide area data networks, such as Internet, which are mainly designed for connection among computers.

Background of Invention

Software packages for voice communications over the Internet are now generally available for personal computers (PCs). Widespread use of the Internet voice communications packages are severely inhibited because terminating access at any point in time is only available to users who happen to be actively on the "Network" (Internet) at the time of the call, and are also equipped with compatible software. Alternatively, the call may be pre-arranged via Internet mail or regular telephone communications. A product has also been introduced which allows the caller to leave Internet voice messages through a PBX or key system, making it as easy to retrieve messages as using a plain telephone. Users can leave voice messages and retrieve messages using the Internet and associated PBX device. The previously mentioned Internet voice messaging product uses a store and forward process unlike the present invention being presented here, which uses a live network architecture connection. The present invention allows an Internet voice call or other data voice call to be terminated at a local exchange carrier (LEC) or local access provider (LAP) so that a live voice connection can be established between a PC and a plain regular telephone. Due to lack of an accepted term, this service is hereinafter called Terminating Internet Voice Call Service, or TIVC. While this specification prominently mentions "Internet", the architecture according to the invention is equally applicable to any data network. It should also be noted that in the field of telephony, "terminating a call" involves several consequential steps which are performed at a terminating LEC or LAP, such as generating a ring signal, generating a busy signal, responding to a receiver going off-hook, etc., so that a proper telephone connection is established between two parties.

There are a few problems which hinder widespread use of the TIVC service. These include terminating access ("reach") limited to those who are compatibly equipped with hardware and software and are ready to receive the call; there is also no alerting mechanism for those who are inactive/disconnected from the Internet or data network (even though equipped); and there is no way to place an Internet voice call to someone with plain old telephone service (POTS) anywhere in the world.

The TIVC service would be a significant growth enabler for voice traffic on Internet or other data networks in that it eliminates the three major growth inhibiting problems stated above. At the same time, the TIVC service also offers a new terminating access service opportunity to LEC's (local exchange carriers) and LAPs (local access providers), consequently increasing network traffic and service revenues. As a result of the TIVC invention the number of reachable parties for a caller expands from the current limitation of only those who are equipped and active on the Internet or data network at the time the call is being placed, to all global telephone subscribers (or their answering system) at any time.

Objects of Invention

It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a network architecture which supports the termination of data voice traffic at a local exchange carrier (LEC) or local access provider (LAP) of the public switched telephone network (PSTN).

It is another object of the invention to provide a method of terminating data voice traffic emerging from a data network at a local exchange carrier of the PSTN.

It is yet a further object of the invention to provide a network architecture in which a telephone number is converted to the data address of a serving data access system such as the Internet Access System (IAS) using a data addressing system and a telephone number conversion process. Disclosure of the Invention

Briefly stated, the invention is directed to a method of handling a data voice call set up request for the purpose of establishing a duplex voice connection between an originating CPE and a telephone terminal. The method comprises steps of responding to the voice call set up request at a translation server connected to a data network, and translating the telephone number of the telephone terminal to the data address of a data network access system. There is a further step of the data network access system responding to the originating CPE with a voice signal output.

According to another aspect, the invention is directed to a method of routing and terminating a data voice call at a local exchange carrier or local access provider from which a voice connection can be made to a regular telephone terminal to which the data voice call is destined. The method comprises steps of receiving a data voice call request and converting the data voice call request to a voice signal output. The method further includes steps of routing the voice signal output to a central switching office of the local exchange carrier or local access provider, and ringing the regular telephone terminal in response to the voice signal output.

According to yet another aspect, the invention relates to a method of establishing a duplex voice connection between an originating CPE and a called telephone terminal. The method comprises steps of the originating CPE sending a data voice call request to a data network and in response to the data voice call request, the data network sending the originating CPE a data or IP address and connection information of a data network access system connected to the data network. The method further includes steps of the originating CPE sending a data voice call to the data network access system at its data or IP address and the data network access system converting the data voice call to a voice signal output. There are further steps of routing the voice signal output to a central switching office to which the called telephone terminal has access, and the central switching office sending a ring signal to the called telephone terminal. Brief Description of the Drawings

Figure 1 shows schematically a network architecture according to one embodiment of the invention; and

Figures 2-4 show schematically various steps to carry out a method according to embodiments of the invention.

Mode(s) of Carrying Out the Invention

The Terminating Internet Voice Call Service, hereinafter called TIVC, is a new service which would be offered by LEC's and LAP's, enabling their customers to receive voice calls which were originated from the Internet or data network users using a computer or CPE Internet voice communication package. In one embodiment it involves Internet because it is the most widely accepted data network but it should be emphasized that the invention can be implemented using any data network.

The invention defines a new service, new method, and new architecture, which will allow an Internet or data voice caller to originate and establish a two-way voice connection using the Internet or data network, and the PSTN from a PC (personal computer) or other CPE device, terminating to a plain telephone anywhere in the world. This terminating service will generate new revenue for the LEC /LAP service providers.

The TIVC service will allow LEC /LAP to minimize lost revenue from pure Internet PC to PC voice calling, and expand the terminating reach for Internet voice callers to existing plain telephone subscribers around the world.

Figure 1 shows a network architecture according to one embodiment of the invention. It should be noted that the description that follows is only about one embodiment of the invention and there are many possible implementations to realize the inventive idea without departing from the spirit of the invention. In the figure, a PC/CPE 10 is connected to the PSTN 12 via a modem 14. The computer is equipped with a voice card or such capability so that a telephone set or microphone and speaker configuration (multi-media package) 16 or any other CPE device can be connected for voice call. An Internet access provider (IAP) 18 provides access to the PSTN connection and to the Internet 20. According to this embodiment, a server called a TIVC server 22 (Terminating Internet Voice Call Server) provides database services of address tables containing telephone numbers, data routing information, TCP/IP addresses, etc. At a local exchange carrier 24 of the PSTN near the called party telephone set, an entity called IAS 26 (Internet Access System) enables the bridging between data voice call traffic from the Internet and ordinary telephone voice call traffic in the local exchange carrier containing CO equipment 28 and a plain old telephone (POTS) or other telephone set 30 of a standard telephone subscriber connected to it. The accompanying Figures 2-4 schematically illustrate some typical steps of establishing voice call traffic between a PC /CPE device and an ordinary telephone set connected to a central switching office (CO) of a local exchange carrier in the embodiment described above in connection with Figure 1. In Figure 2, a data voice call to a POTS is initiated at the PC /CPE by dialing or inputting a called party's PSTN telephone number. The PC/CPE is equipped with a voice card for digitizing voice. As shown by 40, through application software, the PC or CPE device launches a translation query into the Internet by way of the IAP for conversion of the PSTN telephone number to data or the IP address of an IAS using a TIVC number identifier translation. The TIVC server receives the query and checks its database at 42 for conversion of the PSTN telephone number to the Internet address of the IAS, which has the capability of terminating voice call, and routing it to the called party's CO. At 44, the ΗVC server responds back to the originating PC /CPE with the terminating telephone number data or IP IAS address for terminating the TIVC call.

In Figure 3, the PC /CPE device receives a response from the TIVC server concerning the data or TCP/IP address at 50, and launches a connection request 52 to the terminating IAS with the telephone number to be connected at the CO. The terminating IAS receives the connection request at 54 and the PC /CPE application sets up the Internet data /voice connection to the terminating office destination IAS data or IP address with an enclosed terminating call identifier. The terminating IAS generates a standard outgoing call to CO equipment at 56 using a trunk or local line so that a two-way voice connection is made between the CO equipment and the originating PC /CPE device. The central office system would then ring the standard POTS telephone through normal switching technologies. When the answering party answers the call, the complete two-way (duplex) voice path would be established to the originating PC /CPE device. In Figure 4, end-to-end two-way voice connection is established between the originating PC/CPE device on the Internet and a POTS telephone on the PSTN. The terminating IAS receives the incoming call from the Internet as a data call and converts it to voice output to be routed to a standard trunk or local line of the CO equipment. In one implementation, billing can be handled by the receiving

IAS system using Internet, an industry accepted cash system, as required for terminating LD (Long Distance) charges, if required by the TIVC call originator.

It should be noted that the implementation architecture described above is one of many possible embodiments. For example, the invention can be implemented in various different ways as follows: a) Use of AIN (Advanced Intelligent Network) capability, whereby the IAS (Internet Access System) could interface with an AIN database to perform the telephone number to terminating data /IP address conversion and respond to the originating caller system with the terminating calling information. This implementation would be an alternative to having the conversion database co-located with the IAS system. b) The IAS system would not have to be a separate system from the Central Office switch, but this functionality could be built into the actual Central Office switching system. The software and Central Processing Unit (CPU) could be built into the CO switch. Again, the conversion of telephone number to terminating data /IP address could be accomplished with a built-in database, or Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) capabilities could be used to perform the translation. c) In addition to scenarios (a) and (b) described above for the telephone number to data or IP system translation, the Central Office switch could have built-in capability to actually "route" the TIVC call to the appropriate telephone line or trunk for termination.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A method of handling a data voice call set up request for the purpose of establishing a duplex voice connection between an originating CPE and a telephone terminal, comprising steps of: responding to the voice call set up request at a translation server connected to a data network; translating the telephone number of the telephone terminal to the data address of a data network access system; the data network access system responding to the originating
CPE with a voice signal output.
2. A method of terminating a data voice call at a local exchange carrier or local access provider from which a voice connection can be made to a regular telephone terminal to which said data voice call is destined, comprising steps of: receiving a data voice call request; converting the data voice call request to a voice signal output; routing the voice signal output to a central switching office of the local exchange carrier or local access provider; and ringing the regular telephone terminal in response to the voice signal output.
3. A method of establishing a duplex voice connection between an originating CPE and a called telephone terminal, comprising steps of: the originating CPE sending a data voice call request to a data network; in response to the data voice call request, the data network sending the originating CPE a data or IP address and connection information of a data network access system connected to the data network; the originating CPE sending a data voice call to the data network access system at its data or IP address; the data network access system converting the data voice call to a voice signal output; routing the voice signal output to a central switching office to which the called telephone terminal has access; and the central switching office sending a ring signal to the called telephone terminal.
4. The method according to claim 3 wherein the CPE is a data terminal such as a computer which is equipped with voice capability.
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the step of the data network sending the originating CPE a data or IP address of a data access system comprises a further step of a server connected to the data network searching a database.
6. The method according to claim 5 wherein the data voice call request is based on a telephone number of a called telephone terminal.
7. The method according to claim 6 wherein the data voice signal output is an industry standard outgoing call signal.
EP19970903175 1996-04-12 1997-02-26 Terminating data voice call architecture Withdrawn EP0893021A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US63116296 true 1996-04-12 1996-04-12
US631162 1996-04-12
PCT/CA1997/000128 WO1997039560A1 (en) 1996-04-12 1997-02-26 Terminating data voice call architecture

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0893021A1 true true EP0893021A1 (en) 1999-01-27

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19970903175 Withdrawn EP0893021A1 (en) 1996-04-12 1997-02-26 Terminating data voice call architecture

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0893021A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2250902C (en)
WO (1) WO1997039560A1 (en)

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US6618366B1 (en) 1997-12-05 2003-09-09 The Distribution Systems Research Institute Integrated information communication system
US7149815B1 (en) 1996-12-06 2006-12-12 The Distribution Systems Research Institute Integrated information communication system using internet protocol
GB2371959B (en) * 1996-12-06 2002-10-09 Distrib Systems Res Inst The Integrated information communication system
GB2320167B (en) 1996-12-06 2002-08-21 Distrib Systems Res Inst The Integrated information communication system
GB2331197B (en) 1997-11-11 2002-10-02 Ericsson Telefon Ab L M Method of handling a telephone call
US6628647B1 (en) 1998-05-04 2003-09-30 National University Of Singapore Internet network based telephone call forwarding system and method
US6529501B1 (en) * 1998-05-29 2003-03-04 3Com Corporation Method and apparatus for internet telephony
US6442169B1 (en) 1998-11-20 2002-08-27 Level 3 Communications, Inc. System and method for bypassing data from egress facilities
US6614781B1 (en) 1998-11-20 2003-09-02 Level 3 Communications, Inc. Voice over data telecommunications network architecture
US20020009071A1 (en) * 1999-05-06 2002-01-24 Erez Yaary Communication system and a method for performing telephone calls
US7324635B2 (en) 2000-05-04 2008-01-29 Telemaze Llc Branch calling and caller ID based call routing telephone features

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FI91203C (en) * 1991-06-17 1994-05-25 Telenokia Oy Method for the digital transmission system of the terminal apparatus to process the call, the radio telephone
JPH07170288A (en) * 1993-12-15 1995-07-04 Hitachi Ltd Voice communication system and voice communication method
CA2139081C (en) * 1994-12-23 1999-02-02 Alastair Gordon Unified messaging system and method
US5610910A (en) * 1995-08-17 1997-03-11 Northern Telecom Limited Access to telecommunications networks in multi-service environment

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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See references of WO9739560A1 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA2250902C (en) 2002-02-05 grant
WO1997039560A1 (en) 1997-10-23 application
CA2250902A1 (en) 1997-10-23 application

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Legal Events

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Effective date: 19981112

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Owner name: NORTEL NETWORKS CORPORATION

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep application

Owner name: NORTEL NETWORKS LIMITED

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20020311

18D Deemed to be withdrawn

Effective date: 20020723