EP0893021A1 - Terminating data voice call architecture - Google PatentsTerminating data voice call architecture
- Publication number
- EP0893021A1 EP0893021A1 EP19970903175 EP97903175A EP0893021A1 EP 0893021 A1 EP0893021 A1 EP 0893021A1 EP 19970903175 EP19970903175 EP 19970903175 EP 97903175 A EP97903175 A EP 97903175A EP 0893021 A1 EP0893021 A1 EP 0893021A1
- Grant status
- Patent type
- Prior art keywords
- voice call
- data network
- telephone terminal
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- H04—ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
- H04M—TELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
- H04M7/00—Interconnection arrangements between switching centres
- H04M7/12—Interconnection arrangements between switching centres for working between exchanges having different types of switching equipment, e.g. power-driven and step by step, decimal and non-decimal, circuit-switched and packet-switched, i.e. gateway arrangements
- H04M7/1205—Interconnection arrangements between switching centres for working between exchanges having different types of switching equipment, e.g. power-driven and step by step, decimal and non-decimal, circuit-switched and packet-switched, i.e. gateway arrangements where the types of switching equipement comprises PSTN/ISDN equipment and switching equipment of networks other than PSTN/ISDN, e.g. Internet Protocol networks
- H04M7/128—Details of addressing, directories or routing tables
TERMINATING DATA VOICE CALL ARCHITECTURE
Technical Field and Industrial Application
The invention generally relates to voice services over computer and/or data networks. In particular, it is directed to a service architecture by which a duplex voice call connection can be established between a computer or CPE (customer premise equipment) device and a regular telephone over wide area data networks, such as Internet, which are mainly designed for connection among computers.
Background of Invention
Software packages for voice communications over the Internet are now generally available for personal computers (PCs). Widespread use of the Internet voice communications packages are severely inhibited because terminating access at any point in time is only available to users who happen to be actively on the "Network" (Internet) at the time of the call, and are also equipped with compatible software. Alternatively, the call may be pre-arranged via Internet mail or regular telephone communications. A product has also been introduced which allows the caller to leave Internet voice messages through a PBX or key system, making it as easy to retrieve messages as using a plain telephone. Users can leave voice messages and retrieve messages using the Internet and associated PBX device. The previously mentioned Internet voice messaging product uses a store and forward process unlike the present invention being presented here, which uses a live network architecture connection. The present invention allows an Internet voice call or other data voice call to be terminated at a local exchange carrier (LEC) or local access provider (LAP) so that a live voice connection can be established between a PC and a plain regular telephone. Due to lack of an accepted term, this service is hereinafter called Terminating Internet Voice Call Service, or TIVC. While this specification prominently mentions "Internet", the architecture according to the invention is equally applicable to any data network. It should also be noted that in the field of telephony, "terminating a call" involves several consequential steps which are performed at a terminating LEC or LAP, such as generating a ring signal, generating a busy signal, responding to a receiver going off-hook, etc., so that a proper telephone connection is established between two parties.
There are a few problems which hinder widespread use of the TIVC service. These include terminating access ("reach") limited to those who are compatibly equipped with hardware and software and are ready to receive the call; there is also no alerting mechanism for those who are inactive/disconnected from the Internet or data network (even though equipped); and there is no way to place an Internet voice call to someone with plain old telephone service (POTS) anywhere in the world.
The TIVC service would be a significant growth enabler for voice traffic on Internet or other data networks in that it eliminates the three major growth inhibiting problems stated above. At the same time, the TIVC service also offers a new terminating access service opportunity to LEC's (local exchange carriers) and LAPs (local access providers), consequently increasing network traffic and service revenues. As a result of the TIVC invention the number of reachable parties for a caller expands from the current limitation of only those who are equipped and active on the Internet or data network at the time the call is being placed, to all global telephone subscribers (or their answering system) at any time.
Objects of Invention
It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a network architecture which supports the termination of data voice traffic at a local exchange carrier (LEC) or local access provider (LAP) of the public switched telephone network (PSTN).
It is another object of the invention to provide a method of terminating data voice traffic emerging from a data network at a local exchange carrier of the PSTN.
It is yet a further object of the invention to provide a network architecture in which a telephone number is converted to the data address of a serving data access system such as the Internet Access System (IAS) using a data addressing system and a telephone number conversion process. Disclosure of the Invention
Briefly stated, the invention is directed to a method of handling a data voice call set up request for the purpose of establishing a duplex voice connection between an originating CPE and a telephone terminal. The method comprises steps of responding to the voice call set up request at a translation server connected to a data network, and translating the telephone number of the telephone terminal to the data address of a data network access system. There is a further step of the data network access system responding to the originating CPE with a voice signal output.
According to another aspect, the invention is directed to a method of routing and terminating a data voice call at a local exchange carrier or local access provider from which a voice connection can be made to a regular telephone terminal to which the data voice call is destined. The method comprises steps of receiving a data voice call request and converting the data voice call request to a voice signal output. The method further includes steps of routing the voice signal output to a central switching office of the local exchange carrier or local access provider, and ringing the regular telephone terminal in response to the voice signal output.
According to yet another aspect, the invention relates to a method of establishing a duplex voice connection between an originating CPE and a called telephone terminal. The method comprises steps of the originating CPE sending a data voice call request to a data network and in response to the data voice call request, the data network sending the originating CPE a data or IP address and connection information of a data network access system connected to the data network. The method further includes steps of the originating CPE sending a data voice call to the data network access system at its data or IP address and the data network access system converting the data voice call to a voice signal output. There are further steps of routing the voice signal output to a central switching office to which the called telephone terminal has access, and the central switching office sending a ring signal to the called telephone terminal. Brief Description of the Drawings
Figure 1 shows schematically a network architecture according to one embodiment of the invention; and
Figures 2-4 show schematically various steps to carry out a method according to embodiments of the invention.
Mode(s) of Carrying Out the Invention
The Terminating Internet Voice Call Service, hereinafter called TIVC, is a new service which would be offered by LEC's and LAP's, enabling their customers to receive voice calls which were originated from the Internet or data network users using a computer or CPE Internet voice communication package. In one embodiment it involves Internet because it is the most widely accepted data network but it should be emphasized that the invention can be implemented using any data network.
The invention defines a new service, new method, and new architecture, which will allow an Internet or data voice caller to originate and establish a two-way voice connection using the Internet or data network, and the PSTN from a PC (personal computer) or other CPE device, terminating to a plain telephone anywhere in the world. This terminating service will generate new revenue for the LEC /LAP service providers.
The TIVC service will allow LEC /LAP to minimize lost revenue from pure Internet PC to PC voice calling, and expand the terminating reach for Internet voice callers to existing plain telephone subscribers around the world.
Figure 1 shows a network architecture according to one embodiment of the invention. It should be noted that the description that follows is only about one embodiment of the invention and there are many possible implementations to realize the inventive idea without departing from the spirit of the invention. In the figure, a PC/CPE 10 is connected to the PSTN 12 via a modem 14. The computer is equipped with a voice card or such capability so that a telephone set or microphone and speaker configuration (multi-media package) 16 or any other CPE device can be connected for voice call. An Internet access provider (IAP) 18 provides access to the PSTN connection and to the Internet 20. According to this embodiment, a server called a TIVC server 22 (Terminating Internet Voice Call Server) provides database services of address tables containing telephone numbers, data routing information, TCP/IP addresses, etc. At a local exchange carrier 24 of the PSTN near the called party telephone set, an entity called IAS 26 (Internet Access System) enables the bridging between data voice call traffic from the Internet and ordinary telephone voice call traffic in the local exchange carrier containing CO equipment 28 and a plain old telephone (POTS) or other telephone set 30 of a standard telephone subscriber connected to it. The accompanying Figures 2-4 schematically illustrate some typical steps of establishing voice call traffic between a PC /CPE device and an ordinary telephone set connected to a central switching office (CO) of a local exchange carrier in the embodiment described above in connection with Figure 1. In Figure 2, a data voice call to a POTS is initiated at the PC /CPE by dialing or inputting a called party's PSTN telephone number. The PC/CPE is equipped with a voice card for digitizing voice. As shown by 40, through application software, the PC or CPE device launches a translation query into the Internet by way of the IAP for conversion of the PSTN telephone number to data or the IP address of an IAS using a TIVC number identifier translation. The TIVC server receives the query and checks its database at 42 for conversion of the PSTN telephone number to the Internet address of the IAS, which has the capability of terminating voice call, and routing it to the called party's CO. At 44, the ΗVC server responds back to the originating PC /CPE with the terminating telephone number data or IP IAS address for terminating the TIVC call.
In Figure 3, the PC /CPE device receives a response from the TIVC server concerning the data or TCP/IP address at 50, and launches a connection request 52 to the terminating IAS with the telephone number to be connected at the CO. The terminating IAS receives the connection request at 54 and the PC /CPE application sets up the Internet data /voice connection to the terminating office destination IAS data or IP address with an enclosed terminating call identifier. The terminating IAS generates a standard outgoing call to CO equipment at 56 using a trunk or local line so that a two-way voice connection is made between the CO equipment and the originating PC /CPE device. The central office system would then ring the standard POTS telephone through normal switching technologies. When the answering party answers the call, the complete two-way (duplex) voice path would be established to the originating PC /CPE device. In Figure 4, end-to-end two-way voice connection is established between the originating PC/CPE device on the Internet and a POTS telephone on the PSTN. The terminating IAS receives the incoming call from the Internet as a data call and converts it to voice output to be routed to a standard trunk or local line of the CO equipment. In one implementation, billing can be handled by the receiving
IAS system using Internet, an industry accepted cash system, as required for terminating LD (Long Distance) charges, if required by the TIVC call originator.
It should be noted that the implementation architecture described above is one of many possible embodiments. For example, the invention can be implemented in various different ways as follows: a) Use of AIN (Advanced Intelligent Network) capability, whereby the IAS (Internet Access System) could interface with an AIN database to perform the telephone number to terminating data /IP address conversion and respond to the originating caller system with the terminating calling information. This implementation would be an alternative to having the conversion database co-located with the IAS system. b) The IAS system would not have to be a separate system from the Central Office switch, but this functionality could be built into the actual Central Office switching system. The software and Central Processing Unit (CPU) could be built into the CO switch. Again, the conversion of telephone number to terminating data /IP address could be accomplished with a built-in database, or Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) capabilities could be used to perform the translation. c) In addition to scenarios (a) and (b) described above for the telephone number to data or IP system translation, the Central Office switch could have built-in capability to actually "route" the TIVC call to the appropriate telephone line or trunk for termination.
Priority Applications (3)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|PCT/CA1997/000128 WO1997039560A1 (en)||1996-04-12||1997-02-26||Terminating data voice call architecture|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|EP0893021A1 true true EP0893021A1 (en)||1999-01-27|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|EP19970903175 Withdrawn EP0893021A1 (en)||1996-04-12||1997-02-26||Terminating data voice call architecture|
Country Status (3)
|EP (1)||EP0893021A1 (en)|
|CA (1)||CA2250902C (en)|
|WO (1)||WO1997039560A1 (en)|
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|US6618366B1 (en)||1997-12-05||2003-09-09||The Distribution Systems Research Institute||Integrated information communication system|
|US7149815B1 (en)||1996-12-06||2006-12-12||The Distribution Systems Research Institute||Integrated information communication system using internet protocol|
|GB2371959B (en) *||1996-12-06||2002-10-09||Distrib Systems Res Inst The||Integrated information communication system|
|GB2320167B (en)||1996-12-06||2002-08-21||Distrib Systems Res Inst The||Integrated information communication system|
|GB2331197B (en)||1997-11-11||2002-10-02||Ericsson Telefon Ab L M||Method of handling a telephone call|
|US6529501B1 (en) *||1998-05-29||2003-03-04||3Com Corporation||Method and apparatus for internet telephony|
|US6442169B1 (en)||1998-11-20||2002-08-27||Level 3 Communications, Inc.||System and method for bypassing data from egress facilities|
|US6614781B1 (en)||1998-11-20||2003-09-02||Level 3 Communications, Inc.||Voice over data telecommunications network architecture|
|US20020009071A1 (en) *||1999-05-06||2002-01-24||Erez Yaary||Communication system and a method for performing telephone calls|
|US7324635B2 (en)||2000-05-04||2008-01-29||Telemaze Llc||Branch calling and caller ID based call routing telephone features|
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|FI91203C (en) *||1991-06-17||1994-05-25||Telenokia Oy||Method for the digital transmission system of the terminal apparatus to process the call, the radio telephone|
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Non-Patent Citations (1)
|See references of WO9739560A1 *|
Also Published As
|Publication number||Publication date||Type|
|US6516060B1 (en)||Advanced call sequencing service|
|US6721398B1 (en)||Unified messaging system|
|US6272126B1 (en)||Internetwork telephony with enhanced features|
|US6779020B1 (en)||Establishing communications between a calling server and a called server according to services subscribed by their respective calling and called parties|
|US5574776A (en)||Call redirection feature for relay services|
|US6529596B1 (en)||Web-based control of telephone|
|US5608788A (en)||Information display provided to calling party|
|US6614896B1 (en)||Advertising system for callers to busy numbers|
|US6351464B1 (en)||Virtual second line hybrid network communication system|
|US5745553A (en)||On-demand communications services|
|US5999611A (en)||Subscriber interface for accessing and operating personal communication services|
|US6301349B1 (en)||Method and system to connect an unanswered forwarded communication directly to a voice mail service|
|US5163087A (en)||Delivery of customer data base key using automatic number identification|
|US6421437B1 (en)||System and method for re-directing incoming calls|
|US6430176B1 (en)||Multimedia channel management through PSTN signaling|
|US6240449B1 (en)||Method and apparatus for automatic call setup in different network domains|
|US6690785B1 (en)||System and method for providing called party information for centralized telephone service|
|US6879677B2 (en)||Methods and systems for telephony call completion|
|US7190950B1 (en)||Storage of voicemail messages at an alternate storage location|
|US6633633B1 (en)||Method and system for providing calling number restoral|
|US7245713B1 (en)||Call monitoring|
|US6996211B2 (en)||Voice over IP method of determining caller identification|
|US6078660A (en)||Method and device for decoding a sequence of signals|
|US6711241B1 (en)||Internet telephone service|
|US5007076A (en)||Call announcement arrangement|
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|17P||Request for examination filed||
Effective date: 19981112
|RAP3||Correction of the address or name of applicant (a document)||
Owner name: NORTEL NETWORKS CORPORATION
|RAP1||Transfer of rights of an ep application||
Owner name: NORTEL NETWORKS LIMITED
|17Q||First examination report||
Effective date: 20020311
|18D||Deemed to be withdrawn||
Effective date: 20020723