EP0878389B1 - Semi-weathervaning anchoring system - Google Patents

Semi-weathervaning anchoring system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0878389B1
EP0878389B1 EP19970201995 EP97201995A EP0878389B1 EP 0878389 B1 EP0878389 B1 EP 0878389B1 EP 19970201995 EP19970201995 EP 19970201995 EP 97201995 A EP97201995 A EP 97201995A EP 0878389 B1 EP0878389 B1 EP 0878389B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
vessel
anchor
line
lines
bow
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP19970201995
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0878389A1 (en
Inventor
Leendert Poldervaart
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Single Buoy Moorings Inc
Original Assignee
Single Buoy Moorings Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP97201461 priority Critical
Priority to EP97201461A priority patent/EP0878388A1/en
Application filed by Single Buoy Moorings Inc filed Critical Single Buoy Moorings Inc
Priority to EP19970201995 priority patent/EP0878389B1/en
Publication of EP0878389A1 publication Critical patent/EP0878389A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0878389B1 publication Critical patent/EP0878389B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B21/00Tying-up; Shifting, towing, or pushing equipment; Anchoring
    • B63B21/50Anchoring arrangements or methods for special vessels, e.g. for floating drilling platforms or dredgers

Description

  • The invention relates to a vessel comprising at least two anchor lines connected with a first end respectively at a substantially fixed position near the bow and near the stern of the vessel, at least one anchor line comprising a first line section extending to a connection point located below keel level of the vessel and at least two branching anchor lines, each connected with one end to the anchor line in the connection point and connected with the other end to the seabed.
  • From GB-A-2,061,850 such a mooring system is known in which a vessel is moored to a drilling rig, the mooring lines being attached to mooring winches. By tightening or slackening the mooring lines, the vessel can assume a large number of different orientations with respect to the drilling rig. From the seabed, an anchor line extends to a submerged buoy to which the vessel is attached via a wire rope. The buoy is attached to the seabed by a branching anchor line which extends at an obtuse angle with respect to the seabed. The branching anchor line does not have a load bearing function for the moored vessel but maintains the submerged buoy in a fixed position.
  • From US-A-3,583,354 a bow-stern spread catenary mooring system is known in which the vessel is maintained in a fixed position by means of four anchor lines, two of which are connected to the bow of the vessel and two at the stern. By applying the correct tension to these anchor lines it is possible in normal weather to maintain the ship in a reasonably fixed position. According to US-A-3,583,354 during storm conditions the stem anchor lines are slackened, such that the vessel can weathervane around the bow through 90°.
  • From US-A-3,822,663 a weathervaning vessel is known, which is anchored to the seabed by means of four anchor lines. The vessel is provided with a track which encircles the hull of the vessel. A plurality of movable carriages are guided along the track, one anchor line being connected to each carriage. The carriages can be placed at specific point along the track, each carriage being equipped with a winch for accumulating or discharging a respective anchor line. By moving the position of the carriages along the track, and by selectively paying in or paying out the anchor lines, the vessel can weathervane about a substantially fixed position point located between the bow and the stern. The known anchoring construction, however, is relatively complex and the anchor line arrangement covers a relatively large part of the seabed, Hence the anchor lines may interfere with the operating area for the risers and leaves little room for the anchoring spread of a drilling/workover rig when such a rig is anchored next to, or in close proximity to the drilling vessel.
  • It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide for a vessel which can weathervane within a predetermined area, in a controlled manner, using a relatively simple anchoring system. It is a further object of the present invention to provide a vessel comprising such a weathervaning anchoring system having a reduced anchoring layout and leaving a relatively large seabed area for the risers and for the anchoring spread of adjacent vessels such as drilling/workover rigs or shuttle tankers.
  • Thereto the vessel according to the present invention is characterized in that at least one riser extends from the vessel to a subsea structure, the two branching anchor lines enclosing an acute angle with the seabed, all anchor lines of the vessel being attached to the seabed, for allowing weathervaning of the vessel around the stern and/or bow through relatively small angles. With the above anchoring arrangement the vessel according to the present invention can be easily accessed along its sides. Thereby other vessels can easily approach and moor aside the vessel according to the present invention, and sufficient space is available for location of for instance flexible risers.
  • By providing at least one anchor line with two branching anchor lines, a very stable multiple point mooring system (at least a three point system) is provided which will leave enough play for the vessel to weathervane through angles less than 90° in both directions. Preferably both the bow and the stern anchor lines each comprise at least two branching anchor lines.
  • In one embodiment the anchor lines extend substantially vertically downward. Hereby access of the vessel is further increased.
  • As used herein, the term "substantially vertical" shall mean a position from the first anchor line section being inclined from the vertical position by no more than 45°.
  • In another embodiment a buoyancy member is connected near the branching anchor lines. In this way the stiffness of the anchor arrangement can be adjusted for varying the weathervaning action. The term "anchor line" as used herein comprises anchor cables, ropes, chains or combinations thereof.
  • In one embodiment at least one anchor line extends through a generally vertical shaft extending through the hull of the vessel from deck level to keel lever. In this way the anchor lines are located below the vessel, and the bow and stern are easily accessible as well.
  • Preferably a counterweight is connected to at least one of the anchor lines, such that the tension in the vertically extending part can be adjusted and the stiffness of the anchor line system can be varied for adjustment of the weathervaning action.
  • Another embodiment of a vessel according to the present invention is characterized in that the pulling device can vary the length of the at least one anchor line such that both anchor lines are maintained in a tensioned state, and the vessel can weathervane around the bow anchor line or the stern anchor line.
  • The invention is based on the insight that during normal operating conditions, a vessel will be subjected to wind and wave directions which are more or less constant for larger time periods. During these substantially constant conditions, the vessel only needs to weathervane through a relatively small angle such as between 0° and 90°. For these conditions, by properly tensioning and slackening at least one of the anchor lines at the bow and stern of the vessel, an efficient and controlled weathervaning action can be achieved, without the need of a complex system of displaceable winches.
  • In one embodiment the pulling device, such as for instance a winch system, according to the invention varies the length of the anchor lines simultaneously. Variation of the anchor lines can take place under the control of a mean position sensor which actuates the winch system on the basis of the mean position of the vessel, the wind or wave directions, etc. The change in one of the above environmental characteristics will change the control signal and hence the stiffness of the anchor line system.
  • Preferably each anchor line is connected to the pulling device via a sheave located generally at the centre line of the vessel. By the placement of the sheaves on the centre line of the vessel, a symmetric weathervaning action to both sides is achieved.
  • According to an embodiment of the vessel according to the present invention the anchor lines are connected to a single pulling device or winch. By operation of this single pulling device, bow and stern anchor lines can be simultaneously slackened or tightened to obtain a proper weathervaning position of the vessel. In one embodiment, a single anchor line passes from the bow, via the pulling device to the stern of the vessel, such that the length of the anchor line that is for instance taken in at the bow corresponds with the length of anchor line payed out at the stern.
  • By passing the anchor lines through a vertical shaft or hawser pipe extending from deck level to keel level, the sides of the vessel are easily accessible, and a shuttle tanker can be moored alongside the vessel according to the present invention without interference with the anchor lines. vessel according to the present invention without interference with the anchor lines.
  • By connecting at least one of the anchor lines below sea level to a counterweight, which in turn is connected to the seabed, the vertical arm of the weathervaning system can be adjusted and thereby the stiffness of the weathervaning system can be varied. Preferably the vessel according to the invention is connected to a subsea hydrocarbon structure via at least one riser. The riser is connected to the side of the vessel near midship where dynamic movements are minimum thereby increasing the longevity of these risers. The riser may pass through the vessel via the moonpool. As the movements of the vessel are limited to rotations of approximately 90 degrees, the risers also do not require complicated swivels at their attachment points as the riser itself can twist this angle.
  • Some embodiments of a vessel according to the present invention will be explained in detail, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings:
  • Figure 1a shows a schematic side view of a vessel according to the present invention wherein the anchor lines are connected to the bow and the stern,
  • Figure 1b shows an anchoring arrangement according to figure 1 comprising buoyancy means,
  • Figure 2 shows a schematic side view in which the front most anchor line is connected to a pulling device, both front and rear anchor lines extending through a vertical shaft in the vessel,
  • Figure 3 shows a schematic side view of a vessel wherein the anchor lines at the bow and at the stern are mutually connected to a cable, the bow anchor line being connected to a winch,
  • Figure 4 shows a schematic side view of an embodiment of a vessel according to the present invention wherein each anchor line is connected to a separate winch,
  • Figure 5 shows a schematic side view of an embodiment wherein the anchor lines are connected to a single winch,
  • Figure 6 shows an embodiment wherein the anchor lines are passed through vertical shafts in the vessel,
  • Figures 7 and 8 show a schematic plan view of the vessel according to the present invention in different weathervaning positions, and
  • Figure 9 shows a schematic perspective view of the embodiment using a single winch and a single anchor line as shown in figure 8.
  • Figure 1a shows a vessel 1 which at its bow 2 and at its stern 4 is connected to anchor lines 3 and 5. The anchor lines 3 and 5 comprise a generally vertically extending section and two branching sections 11,11', 12,12' attached to the vertical parts.
  • In the embodiment of figure 1b, submerged buoys 13,14 are attached to the stern and bow anchor lines. By positioning of the buoys 13,14, the stiffness of the anchoring system can be varied.
  • In the embodiment shown in figure 2, the bow anchor line 3 is connected to a fixed position winch 6. Both stern and bow anchor lines are connected to counter weights 9 and 10. Each anchor line extends through a vertical shaft 19,20 extending from deck level to keel level. The vessel will weathervane around the anchor line which is stiffest. If both anchor lines have the same stiffness and the winch 6 pays out bow anchor line 3, the vessel will weathervane around the stern anchor line 5 because this anchor line is relatively stiffer than anchor line 3. In reverse, if winch 6 takes in bow anchor line 3, then the vessel will be weathervaning around anchor line 3 because this anchor line will be stiffer than the stern anchor line 5.
  • In the embodiment shown in figure 3, the bow anchor line and stern anchor line are mutually connected by a cable 13. By adjusting the length of the bow anchor line 3 by operation of the winch 6, the stern counter weights 9 will be lifted or lowered and the stiffness of the system will be varied for adjustment of the weathervaning action thereof.
  • Figure 4 shows a vessel 1 with at its bow 2 and its stern 4 respective winches 6,7. To each winch 6,7 an anchor line 3,5 is connected. The anchor lines 3,5 may be comprised of ropes, chains or cables. Each anchor line 3,5 in the present embodiment is connected to a counterweight 9,10 which counterweight in turn is connected to the seabed by means of chains or cables 11,12. The stiffness of the weathervaning system according to the present invention may be adjusted by changing the weight of the counterweight 9 and 10 or by changing the length of the vertical arm (vertical part of the anchor line 3,5). The use of the counterweights 9 and 10 however is optional, and instead thereof buoys could be used as in figure 1b.
  • Risers 8 are connected near midship of the vessel 1, which risers are connected to a subsea oil or gas structure which is not shown in the drawings.
  • Figure 5 shows an embodiment wherein the anchor lines 3,5 are connected to a fixed position sheave 16,17 at the stern and bow of the vessel 1. The anchor lines are connected to a single winch 15 on the vessel 1.
  • In the embodiment of figure 6, each anchor line 3,5 is passed through a vertical shaft 19,20 extending from deck level to keel level through the hull of the vessel 1. In this way, the anchor lines 3,5 stay clear from the sides of the vessel and do not interfere with other vessels which need to moor alongside the vessel 1 according to the present invention.
  • As can be seen in figure 7, the sheaves 15 and 16 and the winch 15 are all located on the longitudinal centre line of the vessel 1. In this way, a symmetric construction is obtained and weathervaning to both sides of the centre line of the vessel can take place around the bow anchor line 3 or the stern anchor line 5. As can be seen from figure 4, in this embodiment each anchor line 3,5 is connected to the seabed by means of three chains or cables 11,11',11'' and 12,12',12'' which extend from the counterweights 9,10 to the seabed.
  • Figure 8 shows a situation in which the anchor line 3 at the bow is payed out and the anchor line at the stern is taken in, such that the vessel 1 will weathervane around the stern anchor line 5 in the direction of the arrow as indicated. In this construction it is possible to use a single anchor line for the bow and stern anchor lines 3,5, such that the anchor line which is payed out at the bow corresponds to the length of anchor line which is taken in at the stern, as shown in figure 6.

Claims (20)

  1. Vessel comprising at least two anchor lines (3, 5) a first said line being connected with a first end at a substantially fixed position near the bow (2), and a second line being connected with a first end near the stern (4) of the vessel, at least one said anchor line comprising a first line section extending to a connection point located below keel level of the vessel and at least two branching anchor lines, each connected at one end to the anchor line in the connection point and at the other end to the seabed, characterized in that at least one riser (8) extends from the vessel to a subsea structure, the two branching anchor lines enclosing an acute angle with the seabed, all anchor lines of the vessel being attached to the seabed, for allowing weathervaning of the vessel around the stern and/or bow through relatively small angles.
  2. Vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that the anchor lines extend from their fixed position substantially vertically downward.
  3. Vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that a buoyancy means is connected to at least one anchor line at or near the connection point.
  4. Vessel according to claim 2, characterized in that at least one anchor line extends through a generally vertical shaft extending through the hull from deck level to keel level of the vessel.
  5. Vessel according to claim 1, 2 or 4, characterized in that least one anchor line is at or near the connection point connected to a ballast weight or buoyancy means.
  6. Vessel according to claim 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5, characterized in that both anchor lines are connected to respective branching anchor lines.
  7. Vessel according to any if the previous claims, characterized in that the first section of at least one anchor line is connected to a pulling device for lengthening or shortening the anchor line, wherein the pulling device can vary the length of the at least one anchor line such that both anchor lines are maintained in tensioned state and the vessel can weathervane around the bow anchor line (3) or the stern anchor line (5).
  8. Vessel according to claim 7, characterized in that the pulling device is a winch system (6, 7, 15)/
  9. Vessel according to claim 7 or 8, characterized in that each anchor line is connected to a pulling device.
  10. Vessel (1) according to claim 7, 8 or 9, characterized in that the pulling device (6, 7, 15) varies the length of the anchor lines (3, 5) simultaneously.
  11. Vessel (1) according to claim 7, 8, 9 or 10, characterized in that each anchor line (3, 5) is connected to the pulling device (15) via a sheave (16, 17) located generally at the center line of the vessel (1).
  12. Vessel (1) according to any of claims 7 to 11, characterized in that the anchor lines (3, 5) are connected to a single pulling device (15).
  13. Vessel (1) according to claim 12, characterized in that an anchor line extends from the bow (2) via the pulling device (15) to the stern.
  14. Vessel (1) according to any of claims 7 to 13, characterized in that the anchor lines pass (3, 5) from the pulling device (15) through the hull of the vessel to a respective anchoring point.
  15. Vessel (1) according to claim 14, characterized in that the vessel is at least near its bow (2) or stern (4) provided with a generally vertical shaft (19, 20) extending through the hull, at least one anchor line extending through the shaft (19,20)/
  16. Vessel (1) according to claim 15, characterized in that the vessel comprises a shaft (19, 20) near the bow (2) and near the stern (4).
  17. Vessel (1) according to any of the claims 7 to 16, characterized in that at least one of the anchor lines is connected below sear level to a counter weight (9, 10) which in turn is connected to the seabed via the branching lines.
  18. Vessel (1) according to any of claims 7 to 16, characterized in that a buoyancy member is connected to at least one of the anchor lines.
  19. Vessel (1) according to any of the previous claims, characterized in that the vessel is connected to a subsea hydrocarbon structure via at least one riser (8).
  20. Vessel according to any of the previous claims, characterized in that the vessel does not comprise a turret structure.
EP19970201995 1997-05-15 1997-07-01 Semi-weathervaning anchoring system Expired - Lifetime EP0878389B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP97201461 1997-05-15
EP97201461A EP0878388A1 (en) 1997-05-15 1997-05-15 Semi-weathervaning anchoring system
EP19970201995 EP0878389B1 (en) 1997-05-15 1997-07-01 Semi-weathervaning anchoring system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19970201995 EP0878389B1 (en) 1997-05-15 1997-07-01 Semi-weathervaning anchoring system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0878389A1 EP0878389A1 (en) 1998-11-18
EP0878389B1 true EP0878389B1 (en) 2002-03-27

Family

ID=26146480

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19970201995 Expired - Lifetime EP0878389B1 (en) 1997-05-15 1997-07-01 Semi-weathervaning anchoring system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0878389B1 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001010707A1 (en) 1999-08-09 2001-02-15 Single Buoy Moorings Inc. Active semi-weathervaning anchoring system
WO2020028483A1 (en) * 2018-07-31 2020-02-06 Sofec, Inc. Disconnectable spread mooring and riser tower system and method

Family Cites Families (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3138135A (en) * 1962-01-26 1964-06-23 Rudolph M Langer Mooring device
US3583354A (en) 1969-04-23 1971-06-08 Don H Flickinger Anchoring system for fating drilling vessel
US3620181A (en) * 1969-07-02 1971-11-16 North American Rockwell Permanent ship mooring system
US3822663A (en) 1972-10-10 1974-07-09 H Boschen Method and apparatus for mooring floating vessels
US3886882A (en) * 1973-04-23 1975-06-03 Global Marine Inc Mooring apparatus for ice-breaking drill ship
FR2385584B1 (en) * 1977-04-01 1980-01-18 Elf Aquitaine
JPS5853628B2 (en) * 1979-07-20 1983-11-30 Goyo Kensetsu Kk
GB2061850B (en) * 1979-10-29 1984-05-23 Ovretveit K A Mooring systems
JPS56135386A (en) * 1980-03-27 1981-10-22 Hitachi Zosen Corp Mooring method for floating body
DE3043755C2 (en) * 1980-11-20 1987-04-23 Blohm + Voss Ag, 2000 Hamburg, De
JPS6149008A (en) * 1984-08-17 1986-03-10 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Mooring of floating type structure
DE3535091C2 (en) * 1985-10-02 1989-10-26 Thyssen Nordseewerke Gmbh, 2970 Emden, De
JPH01148688A (en) * 1987-12-04 1989-06-12 Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd Holding method for floating plant on sea bottom
BR9506067A (en) * 1995-12-22 1997-12-23 Petroleo Brasileira S A Petrob Anchoring positioning system with differentiated compliance

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP0878389A1 (en) 1998-11-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10800498B2 (en) Method and apparatus for supporting a personnel housing in a marine environment
US8733265B2 (en) Offshore buoyant drilling, production, storage and offloading structure
US4698038A (en) Vessel mooring system and method for its installation
US9573659B2 (en) Adjustable and disconnectable submerged-yoke mooring system
AU714682B2 (en) System for production of hydrocarbons
US6884003B2 (en) Multi-cellular floating platform with central riser buoy
US8616806B2 (en) Riser support system for use with an offshore platform
US4648848A (en) Spar buoy fluid transfer system
US4645467A (en) Detachable mooring and cargo transfer system
EP1468164B1 (en) Riser for connection between a vessel and a point at the seabed
US5381750A (en) Vessel turret mooring system
EP0966396B1 (en) Underwater self-aligning fairlead latch device for mooring a structure at sea
US8240264B2 (en) Marine lifting apparatus
US5941746A (en) Vessel with a disconnectable riser supporting buoy
US4473323A (en) Buoyant arm for maintaining tension on a drilling riser
US3620181A (en) Permanent ship mooring system
US5944448A (en) Oil field installation with mooring and flowline system
US6932326B1 (en) Method for lifting and transporting a heavy load using a fly-jib
EP2154059B1 (en) Mooring chain connector assembly for a floating device
KR101127299B1 (en) Fairlead with Integrated Chain Stopper
US6692192B2 (en) Spread moored midship hydrocarbon loading and offloading system
AU620544B2 (en) Light weight transfer referencing and mooring system
US6663320B1 (en) Anchor line connector
US8813670B2 (en) Floating structure
US4983073A (en) Column stabilized platform with improved heave motion

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AX Extension or validation of the european patent to

Free format text: AL;LT;LV;RO;SI

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): FR GB IT NL

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19990518

AKX Payment of designation fees

Free format text: AT BE CH DE LI

RBV Designated contracting states (correction):

Designated state(s): FR GB IT NL

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: 8566

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20000927

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: IF02

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): FR GB IT NL

ET Fr: translation filed
26N No opposition filed

Effective date: 20021230

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: GB

Payment date: 20050620

Year of fee payment: 09

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: NL

Payment date: 20050630

Year of fee payment: 09

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 20050713

Year of fee payment: 09

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: GB

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20060701

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: IT

Payment date: 20060731

Year of fee payment: 10

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: NL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20070201

GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20060701

NLV4 Nl: lapsed or anulled due to non-payment of the annual fee

Effective date: 20070201

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: ST

Effective date: 20070330

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: FR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20060731

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: IT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20070701