EP0514753B1 - Shower head - Google Patents

Shower head Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0514753B1
EP0514753B1 EP19920108042 EP92108042A EP0514753B1 EP 0514753 B1 EP0514753 B1 EP 0514753B1 EP 19920108042 EP19920108042 EP 19920108042 EP 92108042 A EP92108042 A EP 92108042A EP 0514753 B1 EP0514753 B1 EP 0514753B1
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Prior art keywords
water
spray
spray head
constriction
characterised
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Expired - Lifetime
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EP19920108042
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0514753A1 (en )
Inventor
Bruno Heimann
Hans-Joachim Rapp
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Grohe Water Technology AG and Co KG
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Grohe Water Technology AG and Co KG
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B3/00Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet
    • B05B3/02Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements
    • B05B3/04Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet
    • B05B3/0404Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet the motor comprising a movable ball
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/14Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening
    • B05B1/16Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening having selectively- effective outlets
    • B05B1/1627Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening having selectively- effective outlets with a selecting mechanism comprising a gate valve, a sliding valve or a cock
    • B05B1/1636Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening having selectively- effective outlets with a selecting mechanism comprising a gate valve, a sliding valve or a cock by relative rotative movement of the valve elements
    • B05B1/1645Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening having selectively- effective outlets with a selecting mechanism comprising a gate valve, a sliding valve or a cock by relative rotative movement of the valve elements the outlets being rotated during selection

Description

  • Die Erfindung bezieht sich auf einen Brausekopf für Dusch- und Badeeinrichtungen, insbesondere Handbrause, mit einer mit der Wasserversorgung in Verbindung stehenden, wenigstens eine Austrittsöffnung aufweisenden Wasserzuflußkammer und einem nachgeschalteten, die Wasserstrahldüsen enthaltenden Brauseboden, wobei durch eine Relativbewegung des Brausebodens zum Gehäuse des Brausekopfes eine Umschaltung und/oder Veränderung der austretenden Brausestrahlen erfolgt, und eine oder mehrere Austrittsöffnung(en) parallel zur Mittelachse des Brausekopfes auf einem Lochkreis in einer Trennwand angeordnet ist (sind), an welche eine Wasserführungsscheibe, die eine oder mehrere an der stromaufwärtigen Stirnseite auf einem entsprechenden Lochkreis angeordnete Öffnungen hat, angelagert ist. The invention relates to a shower head for shower and bath equipment, in particular hand-held shower, with a standing with the water supply in connection, at least one outlet opening having Wasserzuflußkammer and a downstream, containing the water jet nozzles shower base, wherein a by a relative movement of the shower base to the housing of the shower head is carried out switching and / or modification of the exiting spray jets, and one or more outlet opening (s) is arranged on a hole circle in a partition wall parallel to the central axis of the shower head (are) to which a water guide disc which one or more on the upstream end face on a is arranged circular openings corresponding hole has annealed.
    Ein Brausekopf dieser Gattung ist aus der US-A-4754928 bekannt. A spray head of this kind is known from US Pat 4,754,928th Hierbei erfolgt die Brausestrahleinstellung durch in zwei zueinander verdrehbaren Scheiben angeordneten Düsenöffnungen, wobei vom Benutzer mit einem seitlich aus dem Brausekopf herausgeführten Drehgriff über ein Zahnradgetriebe die Drehstellung der beiden Scheiben zueinander bestimmbar ist. Here, the spray jet is adjusted by arranged in two mutually rotatable discs nozzle openings, whereby the user with a led out of the shower head laterally turning handle via a gear mechanism the rotational position of the two discs can be determined from each other. Diese Zahnradgetriebeanordnung ist relativ aufwendig. This gear drive arrangement is relatively expensive.
  • Ferner ist aus der deutschen Patentschrift DE-C-3047336 ein Brausekopf bekannt, bei dem die Umstellung mit Hilfe eines in einer Hülse angeordneten Kolbens erfolgt, der axial bewegbar angeordnet und mit radialen Öffnungen in der Wandung der Hülse zusammenwirkt. Further, a shower head is known from German Patent DE-C-3047336, in which the conversion is effected by means of a sleeve arranged in a piston which is arranged axially movable and cooperating with radial openings in the wall of the sleeve. Insbesondere wegen des verschiebbaren Kolbens benötigt diese Einrichtung einen axial relativ großen Platzbedarf, was insbesondere bei Handbrausen unerwünscht ist. In particular, because of the slidable plunger, this device requires a relatively large axial space demand, which is particularly undesirable in hand showers.
  • Der Erfindung liegt die Aufgabe zugrunde, die im Oberbegriff des Anspruchs 1 angegebene Umschaltvorrichtung zu verbessern und insbesondere so auszubilden, daß mit einfachen Mitteln eine feinfühlige Einstellung der Wasserdurchflußmenge am Brausekopf ermöglicht wird. The invention has the object to improve in the preamble of claim 1 specified switching device and more particularly to design that a fine adjustment of the water flow is enabled on the shower head with simple means.
  • Diese Aufgabe wird erfindungsgemäß mit den Merkmalen des Anspruchs 1 oder 2 gelöst. This object is achieved with the features of claim 1 or the second
    Weitere Ausgestaltungen der Erfindung sind in den Ansprüchen 3 bis 9 angegeben. Further embodiments of the invention are specified in claims 3 to ninth
  • Vorteilhaft kann die erfindungsgemäße Umschalteinrichtung bei Handbrausen mit drei verschiedenen Brausestrahlerzeugungseinrichtungen, nämlich einer Einrichtung zur Erzeugung von mit Luft durchsetzten Brausestrahlen, einer Einrichtung zur Erzeugung von pulsierenden Brausestrahlen und einer Einrichtung zur Erzeugung von Normal- bzw. Vollbrausestrahlen, eingesetzt werden. Advantageously, the switching means according to the invention can be namely a device for producing the aerated spray jets, means for generating pulsating spray jets, and a device for generating normal or full spray jets used in handheld showerheads with three different spray jet generating means.
    Zweckmäßig können hierbei für Vollbrausestrahlen zwei diametral gegenüberliegende Öffnungen in Form eines Radialschlitzes mit V-förmig zu beiden Seiten angeordneten Drosselflächen ausgebildet werden, wobei sich die Drosselflächen etwa über einen Winkel von 90° jeweils erstrecken können. Conveniently, two diametrically opposite openings arranged in the form of a radial slit with a V-shape on both sides of throttle areas can be formed in this case for full shower jets, wherein the throttle areas may extend approximately over an angle of 90 ° respectively. Jeweils um 90° zu den Radialschlitzen versetzt, kann dann jeweils eine Öffnung in der Stirnfläche der Wasserführungsscheibe ausgebildet sein, die einerseits mit einer Einrichtung zur Erzeugung von Brausestrahlen aus einem Gemisch von Wasser und Luft und andererseits mit einer Einrichtung zur Erzeugung von pulsierenden Brausestrahlen verbunden ist. In each case offset by 90 ° to the radial slots, in each case an opening in the end face of the water guide disc can then be formed, on the one hand connected to a device for producing spray jets of a mixture of water and air, and on the other hand with a device for producing pulsating spray jets , Alternativ können auch anstatt von Drosselflächen Drosselkanten an der Stirnseite vorgesehen werden, die vorzugsweise den Umfang der Stirnseite der Wasserführungsscheibe kurvenförmig begrenzen. Alternatively can be provided by throttle areas throttle edges at the front side and instead, preferably to limit the scope of the end face of the water guide disc a curved shape.
    Die Öffnungen auf der Stirnseite der Wasserführungsscheibe sind dabei zweckmäßigerweise so plaziert, daß eine völlige Absperrung des Wasserdurchflusses nicht ermöglicht wird, um zB unzulässige Druckbelastungen im Brausekopf und der Zuführungsleitung zu vermeiden. The openings on the end face of the water guide disc are suitably placed so that a complete shut-off of the water flow is not allowed in order to avoid undue pressure loads, for example in the shower head and the supply line.
  • Ausführungsbeispiele der Erfindung sind in der Zeichnung dargestellt und werden im folgenden näher beschrieben. Embodiments of the invention are shown in the drawings and will be described in more detail below. Es zeigt It shows
  • Figur 1 Figure 1
    einen Brausekopf einer Handbrause im Schnitt; a shower head of a hand shower in section;
    Figur 2 Figure 2
    die in Figur 1 gezeigte Wasserführungsscheibe in vergrößerter Darstellung in Seitenansicht, wobei die Trennwand im Bereich der Durchtrittsöffnung geschnitten dargestellt ist; the water guide disc shown in Figure 1 in an enlarged view in side view, wherein the partition wall is shown in section in the region of the passage opening;
    Figur 3 Figure 3
    die Wasserführungsscheibe gemäß Figur 2 in Draufsicht; the water guide disc according to figure 2 in plan view;
    Figur 4 Figure 4
    die Wasserführungsscheibe gemäß Figur 2 in einer Drosselstellung des Wasserzuflusses zur Erzeugung eines Vollbrausestrahls; the water guide disc according to figure 2, in a throttle position of flow of water to produce a full shower jet;
    Figur 5 Figure 5
    die Wasserführungsscheibe gemäß Figur 4 in Draufsicht; the water guide disc according to Figure 4 in plan view;
    Figur 6 Figure 6
    die Wasserführungsscheibe mit der Trennwand nach Figur 1 im Längsschnitt in der Drehstellung zur Erzeugung von pulsierenden Brausestrahlen; the water guide disc with the partition wall of Figure 1 in longitudinal section in the rotational position for producing pulsating spray jets;
    Figur 7 Figure 7
    die Wasserführungsscheibe gemäß Figur 6 in Draufsicht; the water guide disc in accordance with Figure 6 in plan view;
    Figur 8 Figure 8
    die Wasserführungsscheibe mit der Trennwand nach Figur 1 im Längsschnitt in der Drehstellung zur Abgabe von Wasser zur Erzeugung von Brausestrahlen aus einem Wasser-Luft-Gemisch; the water guide disc with the partition wall of Figure 1 in longitudinal section in the rotational position for delivery of water for the production of spray jets from a water-air mixture;
    Figur 9 Figure 9
    die Wasserführungsscheibe gemäß Figur 8 in Draufsicht. the water guide disc according to figure 8 in top view.
    Figur 10 Figure 10
    eine andere Wasserführungsscheibe mit der in Figur 1 gezeigten Trennwand als Dichtscheibe in Schnitt; another water guide disc with the partition shown in Figure 1 as a sealing disc in section;
    Figur 11 Figure 11
    die Wasserführungsscheibe gemäß Figur 11 in Draufsicht; the water guide disc according to figure 11 in plan view;
    Figur 12 Figure 12
    die in Figur 10 gezeigte Anordnung von Trennwand und Wasserführungsscheibe in einer Drosselstellung; the arrangement shown in Figure 10 of the partition wall and the water guide disc in a throttling position;
    Figur 13 Figure 13
    die Wasserführungsscheibe gemäß Figur 12 in Draufsicht. the water guide disc according to figure 12 in plan view.
  • Der Einfachheit halber sind bei den Ausführungsbeispielen in der Zeichnung gleiche oder entsprechende Elemente mit jeweils gleichen Bezugszeichen versehen. For simplicity, like or corresponding elements provided with equal reference numerals in the embodiments in the drawing.
    Der in der Zeichnung der Figur 1 dargestellte Brausekopf ist Teil einer Handbrause, wobei der Handgriff mit dem Schlauchanschluß sich hinter der Zeichenebene befindet. The spray head shown in the drawing of Figure 1 is part of a handheld showerhead, wherein the handle with the hose connection is located behind the drawing plane. Selbstverständlich kann der Brausekopf aber auch für eine Stationärbrause eingesetzt werden, wobei dann anstatt des Handgriffs ein koaxial zur Mittelachse 3 des Brausekopfes auszubildendes Anschlußteil für die Wasserversorgung vorzusehen ist. Of course, the showerhead can be used for a stationary spray also, in which case instead of the handle coaxially to be provided to the center axis 3 of the shower head auszubildendes connector for the water supply.
  • Bei dem in Figur 1 gezeigten Brausekopf ist stromaufwärts eine Wasserzuführungskammer 1 angeordnet, die durch das in der Zeichnung nicht dargestellte Griffstück geführt ist und eine Anschlußmöglichkeit für die Schlauchleitung aufweist. In the example shown in Figure 1 shower head, a water supply chamber 1 is arranged upstream, which is guided by the not shown in the drawing, handle portion and having a connection for the hose line. An der stromabwärts gelegenen Seite der Wasserzuführungskammer 1 ist ein Haltezapfen 11 koaxial zur Mittelachse 3 des Brausekopfes eingeschweißt. At the downstream side of the water supply chamber 1 a holding pin 11 is welded coaxially to the central axis 3 of the shower head. Auf dem Haltezapfen 11 ist eine als Dichtscheibe wirkende Trennwand 10 unverdrehbar angeordnet. On the retaining pin 11 acting as a sealing disk partition 10 is arranged nonrotatably. Die Trennwand 10 hat auf einem Lochkreis 102 eine Austrittsöffnung 11 mit elliptischem Querschnitt, wie es beispielsweise aus Figur 3 der Zeichnung zu entnehmen ist. The partition wall 10 has on a pitch circle 102 has a discharge opening 11 having an elliptical cross-section, as can be seen for example from Figure 3 of the drawing.
    An der stromabwärts gelegenen Stirnseite der Trennwand 10 ist eine Wasserführungsscheibe 2 drehbar auf dem Haltezapfen 11 angelagert, wobei die Axialsicherung von einer in den Haltezapfen 11 einschraubbaren Befestigungsschraube 20 hergestellt ist. At the downstream end side of the partition 10 is a water guide disc 2 is rotatably attached to the retaining pin 11, with the axial securing means is formed by a screwed into the retaining pin 11 mounting bolt 20th Die Wasserführungsscheibe 2 hat auf einem entsprechenden Lochkreis 102 an der stromaufwärts gelegenen Stirnseite vier symmetrisch zueinander angeordnete Öffnungen zur Abführung des zufließenden Brausewassers, wie es aus den Figuren 3,5,7 und 9 zu entnehmen ist. The water guide disc 2 has on a corresponding hole circle 102 to the upstream end face four symmetrically arranged openings for the discharge of the inflowing shower water, as can be seen from Figures 3,5,7 and 9th Zwei diametral gegenüberliegende Öffnungen sind als Radialschlitze 22 in der Stirnfläche eingelassen, wobei zu beiden Seiten eine schräg angeordnete Drosselfläche 21 ausgebildet ist. Two diametrically opposed openings are inserted as radial slots 22 in the end face, in which an obliquely arranged throttle area 21 is formed on both sides. Jeder der Radialschlitze 22 streckt sich zusammen mit den beiden Drosselflächen 21 über einen Winkelbereich von 90°. Each of the radial slots 22 extends together with the two throttle surfaces 21 over an angular range of 90 °. Die maximale Tiefe bzw. Einsenkung der Drosselflächen 21 beträgt etwa 0,3 der Breite des Radialschlitzes 22. The maximum depth or depression of throttle areas 21 is about 0.3 of the width of the radial slit 22nd
    Um 90° versetzt zu den beiden diametral angeordneten Radialschlitzen 22 befindet sich jeweils ein entsprechend dem Querschnitt der Austrittsöffnung 101 ausgebildeter Einlaß 23,24. Offset by 90 ° to the two diametrically arranged radial slots 22 is in each case a correspondingly formed to the cross section of the outlet opening 101 inlet 23,24. Konzentrisch zu den beiden Einlässen 23,24 ist in der Stirnseite jeweils eine Nut 25 zur Aufnahme eines O-Rings 26 eingelassen. Concentric with the two inlets 23,24 each have a groove 25 for receiving an O-ring 26 is embedded in the end face.
    An dem stromabwärts gelegenen Bereich der Wasserführungsscheibe 2 ist konzentrisch zur Mittelachse 3 eine Ringkammer 4 mit Strahldüsen 42 zur Erzeugung eines Normal- oder Vollbrausestrahles vorgesehen. an annular chamber 4 having jet nozzles 42 for generating a normal or full spray jet is concentric to the downstream portion of the water guide disc 2 to the central axis 3 is provided. Konzentrisch zur äußeren Ringkammer 4 ist eine weitere Ringkammer 5, in der Düsen 52 zur Erzeugung von Brausestrahlen, die aus einem Gemisch von Wasser und Luft bestehen, vorgesehen. Concentric to the outer annular chamber 4 is a further annular chamber 5, provided in the nozzles 52 for the production of spray jets, which consist of a mixture of water and air. Schließlich ist zentral am stromabwärts gelegenen Bereich der Wasserführungsscheibe 2 eine Kammer 6 ausgebildet, in der eine Vorrichtung mit Düsen 62 zur Erzeugung von pulsierend austretenden Brausestrahlen angeordnet ist. Finally, a chamber 6 is formed centrally in the downstream portion of the water guide disc 2, in which a device with nozzles 62 is arranged for generating pulsating emergent shower jets.
  • Der Brausekopf hat folgende Funktionsweise: The shower head has the following functionality:
    In der in Figur 1 gezeigten Drehstellung der Wasserführungsscheibe 2 tritt das zuströmende Brausewasser durch die Austrittsöffnung 101 der Trennwand 10 hindurch, wobei die Austrittsöffnung 101 sich senkrecht über einem Radialschlitz 22 befindet, wie es insbesondere aus Figur 3 und 2 der Zeichnung zu entnehmen ist. In the embodiment shown in Figure 1 rotational position of the water guide disc 2, the inflowing shower water enters through the outlet opening 101 of the partition 10 therethrough, the exit opening 101 is located vertically above a radial slot 22, as can be seen especially from Figures 3 and 2 of the drawing. Das zuströmende Wasser wird hierbei in dem Radialschlitz 22 radial nach außen umgelenkt und gelangt hierbei entsprechend der Pfeile 7 über einen Zulaufkanal 41 in die Ringkammer 4. Von hier aus wird das zugeführte Wasser über die ringförmig über den Brausebodenbereich 71 geordneten Strahldüsen 42 als Voll- oder Normalbrausestrahlen abgegeben. The incoming water is thereby deflected in the radial slot 22 radially outwardly and comes in this case in accordance with the arrows 7 via an inlet passage 41 into the annular chamber 4. From here, the water supplied via the annular parent over the shower base portion 71 jet nozzle 42 as a solid or given normal shower jets. In dieser, insbesondere aus Figur 2 und 3 zu entnehmenden Stellung befindet sich die Austrittsöffnung 101 in der maximalen Öffnungsstellung. In this, and in particular from Figures 2 and 3 to be removed position, the outlet opening 101 is in the maximum opening position. Wird nun mit Hilfe seiner Seitenfläche der Brauseboden 71 gedreht, so gelangt die Austrittsöffnung 101 verstärkt auf eine der Drosselfächen 21, so daß nunmehr zunehmend eine Reduzierung der Wasserdurchflußmenge erreicht wird, wie es insbesondere aus der Zeichnung Figur 4 und 5 zu entnehmen ist. Is now rotated by means of its side face of the shower base 71, the exit opening 101 passes amplified on one of the Drosselfächen 21, so that now increasingly reducing the water flow rate is achieved, as can be seen in particular from the drawing figure 4 and 5. FIG. Durch die wahlweise einstellbare Drosselung der Wasserdurchflußmenge kann der Normal- oder Vollbrausestrahl in seiner Härte variiert werden. By selectively adjustable throttling the water flow of the normal or full spray jet can be varied in its hardness. Es ist somit durch die stufenlose Durchflußregulierung möglich, von weichen bis zu harten, eine hohe Austrittsgeschwindigkeit aufweisende Normal- oder Vollbrausestrahlen zu erzeugen. It is thus possible by the stepless flow regulation to produce having normal or full shower jets from soft to hard, high discharge velocity.
    Sollen dagegen Brausestrahlen aus einem Gemisch von Wasser und Luft erzeugt werden, so ist die Wasserführungsscheibe 2 mit Hilfe der Seitenwandung des Brausebodens 71 in eine Stellung zu verdrehen, wie sie aus Figur 8 und 9 der Zeichnung zu entnehmen ist. To be generated from a mixture of water and air on the other hand shower jets, the water guide disc 2 to rotate by means of the side of the shower base 71 into a position as can be seen from Figures 8 and 9 of the drawing. In dieser Drehstellung befindet sich die Austrittsöffnung 101 senkrecht über dem Einlaß 23. Mit dem O-Ring 26 ist hierbei eine Abdichtung zu den anderen Strahlerzeugungssystemen des Brausekopfes bewerkstelligt. In this rotational position, the exit opening 101 is vertically above the inlet 23 accomplished with the O-ring 26 is in this case a seal to the other beam generating systems of the shower head. Das über die Austrittsöffnung 101 zugeführte Wasser gelangt somit in Richtung des Pfeils 7 unmittelbar in einen Zulaufkanal 51 und von hier aus in die Ringkammer 5. Das zugeführte Brausewasser wird hiernach als Brausestrahlen, die aus einem Wasser-Luft-Gemisch bestehen, von den Düsen 52 ins Freie abgegeben. thus supplied through the outlet opening 101 water flows in the direction of arrow 7 directly into a feed channel 51 and from there into the annular chamber 5. The supplied spray water is hereinafter referred to as shower jets, consisting of a water-air mixture from the nozzles 52 released into the open.
    Soll alternativ ein pulsierender Brausestrahl mit dem Brausekopf erzeugt werden, so ist die Wasserführungsscheibe mit Hilfe der Seitenfläche des Brausebodens 71 in eine Drehstellung zu bewegen, wie sie aus Figur 6 und 7 der Zeichnung zu entnehmen ist. Target alternatively a pulsating spray beam with the spray head are produced, the water guide disc is to be moved with the aid of the side surface of the shower base 71 in a rotational position, as can be seen from Figures 6 and 7 of the drawing. In dieser Stellung befindet sich die Austrittsöffnung 101 senkrecht über dem Einlaß 24. Die Abdichtung zu den anderen Brausestrahlerzeugungseinrichtungen erfolgt hierbei mit dem O-Ring 26. Das herangeführte Brausewasser wird somit in Richtung des Pfeils 7 über die Austrittsöffnung 101 direkt durch einen Zulaufkanal 61 der Kammer 6 zugeleitet und von hier über die Düsen 62 als pulsierende Brausestrahlen abgegeben. In this position, the outlet opening 101 is perpendicular 24 to the inlet, the seal to the other spray jet generating means takes place here with the O-ring 26. The zoom out shower water is thus in the direction of arrow 7 through the discharge opening 101 directly through an inlet duct 61 of the chamber 6 supplied and discharged from here via the nozzle 62 as a pulsating spray jets.
  • Die auf der Stirnseite der Wasserführungsscheibe 2 ausgebildeten Öffnungen, nämlich die beiden Radialschlitze 22 mit den zugehörigen Drosselflächen 21 und den Einlässen 23,24, sind so angeordnet, daß in jeder Drehstellung eine Mindestmenge von Brausewasser aus dem Brausekopf austreten kann. The formed on the end face of the water guide disc 2 openings, namely the two radial slots 22 with the associated throttle areas 21 and the inlets 23,24 are arranged so as to exit a minimum quantity of spray water from the shower head in any rotational position. Hierdurch ist sichergestellt, daß unzulässige Druckbelastungen im Bereich des Brausekopfes und der Brausewasserzuführung sowie durch eine schnelle Umstellung erzeugte Wasserschläge vermieden werden. This ensures that undue pressure loads in the area of ​​the shower head and the shower water supply and generated by a rapid change of water hammer are avoided. Andererseits ist aber durch die Anordnung der Dichtringe 26 im Bereich der Einlässe 24 und 23 sichergestellt, daß jede Brausestrahlerzeugungseinrichtung des Brausekopfes separat betrieben werden kann, ohne daß Leckwasser über die anderen Strahlerzeugungseinrichtungen austritt. On the other hand, the sealing rings 26 is ensured in the area of ​​the inlets 24 and 23 by the arrangement that each shower spray generating means of the shower head can be operated separately, without leak water exits via the other beam generating means.
  • In den Figuren 10 bis 13 ist eine abgewandelte Ausführung der Wasserführungsscheibe 2 gezeigt. In Figures 10 to 13 show a modified embodiment of the water guide disc 2 is shown. Anstatt der Radialschlitze 22 mit den zugehörigen Drosselflächen 21 sind an der Stirnflächenwandung kurvenförmige Drosselkanten 210 ausgebildet, die in Abhängigkeit von der Drehstellung über einen bestimmten Drehwinkel eine etwa stetige Verringerung bzw. Vergrößerung des Durchgangsquerschnitts der Austrittsöffnung 101 ermöglicht. Instead of the radial slots 22 with the associated throttle faces 21 curved throttle edges 210 are formed on the Stirnflächenwandung that enables a function of the rotational position over a given angle of rotation a substantially steady decrease or increase in flow cross-section of the outlet opening the one hundred and first In den Figuren 10 und 11 ist der Durchgangsquerschnitt in der voll geöffneten, in den Figuren 12 und 13 in einer gedrosselten Stellung dargestellt. In Figures 10 and 11 of the passage cross-section in the fully opened, in Figures 12 and 13 is shown in a throttled position. Der Drosselvorgang erstreckt sich hierbei etwa über einen Drehwinkel von 60°. The throttle operation in this case extends approximately over an angle of rotation of 60 °.

Claims (9)

  1. Spray head for shower and bath arrangements, especially a hand-held spray fitting, having a water inflow chamber (1) which is connected to the water supply and has at least one outlet opening, and having a spray base (71), arranged downstream and containing the water jet nozzles (42), wherein by means of a movement of the spray base (71) relative to the housing of the spray head a switching-over and/or alteration of the spray jets emerging occurs, and one or more outlet opening(s) (101) is (are) arranged parallel to the central axis (3) of the spray head on a hole circle (102) in a partition wall (10), on which there is mounted a water guide disc (2) which has one or more openings arranged on the upstream end face on a corresponding hole circle (102), characterised in that at least in a switch-over region there is an adjustable constriction of the incoming water flow and at least one opening, in the form of a radial slot (22), has in the direction of the arc of the hole circle a recess from the end face which is formed by inclined constriction surfaces (21), arranged approximately in a V-shape, on both sides of the opening, in the form of a radial slot (22), in the end face of the water guide disc (2).
  2. Spray head for shower and bath arrangements, especially a hand-held spray fitting, having a water inflow chamber (1) which is connected to the water supply and has at least one outlet opening, and having a spray base (71), arranged downstream and containing the water jet nozzles (42), wherein by means of a movement of the spray base (71) relative to the housing of the spray head a switching-over and/or alteration of the spray jets emerging occurs, and one or more outlet opening(s) (101) is (are) arranged parallel to the central axis (3) of the spray head on a hole circle (102) in a partition wall (10), on which there is mounted a water guide disc (2) which has one or more openings arranged on the upstream end face on a corresponding hole circle (102), characterised in that at least in a switch-over region there is an adjustable constriction of the incoming water flow and at least one opening in the direction of the arc of the hole circle has a constriction edge (210), the constriction edge (210) being curved in shape so that, depending on the angle of rotation, an approximately constant increase or decrease in the passage cross-section of the outlet opening (101) occurs.
  3. Spray head according to Claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the outlet opening (101) and the openings of the water guide disc (2) are of such dimensions that in every rotational position of the water guide disc (2) a minimum amount of water emerges from the spray head.
  4. Spray head according to Claim 1 or 3, characterised in that the inclined constriction surfaces (21) extend over an angle of approximately 90°.
  5. Spray head according to Claim 1, 3 or 4, characterised in that the depression of the constriction surfaces (21) has a depth of approximately 0.3 of the width of the radial slot (22).
  6. Spray head according to Claim 2 or 3, characterised in that the constriction edge (210) is so formed that the constriction process extends over a rotation angle of approximately 40° to 90°, preferably 60°.
  7. Spray head according to one of Claims 1 to 6, characterised in that the outlet opening (101) has an elliptical cross-section.
  8. Spray head according to one of Claims 1 to 7, characterised in that the recess with the radial slot (22) or the constriction edge (210) is formed twice so as to be diametrically opposed on the end face of the water guide disc (2) and, offset by 90° to the radial slots (22) or the constriction edges (210), there is arranged in each case an inlet (23, 24), formed to correspond to the cross-section of the outlet opening (101), for guiding the water to a second and a third jet producing system.
  9. Spray head according to Claim 8, characterised in that the inlets (23, 24) have an elliptical cross-section and are in each case surrounded by a circumferential groove (25) to receive an O-ring (26), so that sealing to the partition wall (10) is provided.
EP19920108042 1991-05-24 1992-05-13 Shower head Expired - Lifetime EP0514753B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19914116930 DE4116930A1 (en) 1991-05-24 1991-05-24 shower head
DE4116930 1991-05-24

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0514753A1 true EP0514753A1 (en) 1992-11-25
EP0514753B1 true EP0514753B1 (en) 1995-07-12

Family

ID=6432307

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19920108042 Expired - Lifetime EP0514753B1 (en) 1991-05-24 1992-05-13 Shower head

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US5246169A (en)
EP (1) EP0514753B1 (en)
DE (2) DE4116930A1 (en)
DK (1) DK0514753T3 (en)
ES (2) ES2077289T3 (en)

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USD616061S1 (en) 2008-09-29 2010-05-18 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead assembly
US7740186B2 (en) 2004-09-01 2010-06-22 Water Pik, Inc. Drenching shower head
US7770822B2 (en) 2006-12-28 2010-08-10 Water Pik, Inc. Hand shower with an extendable handle
US7789326B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2010-09-07 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead with mode control and method of selecting a handheld showerhead mode
USD624156S1 (en) 2008-04-30 2010-09-21 Water Pik, Inc. Pivot ball attachment
USD625776S1 (en) 2009-10-05 2010-10-19 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead
US8020787B2 (en) 2006-11-29 2011-09-20 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead system
US8020788B2 (en) 2002-12-10 2011-09-20 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with enhanced pause mode
US8028935B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2011-10-04 Water Pik, Inc. Low flow showerhead and method of making same
USD673649S1 (en) 2012-01-27 2013-01-01 Water Pik, Inc. Ring-shaped wall mount showerhead
USD674050S1 (en) 2012-01-27 2013-01-08 Water Pik, Inc. Ring-shaped handheld showerhead
US8348181B2 (en) 2008-09-15 2013-01-08 Water Pik, Inc. Shower assembly with radial mode changer
US8366024B2 (en) 2006-12-28 2013-02-05 Water Pik, Inc. Low speed pulsating showerhead
US8616470B2 (en) 2010-08-25 2013-12-31 Water Pik, Inc. Mode control valve in showerhead connector
US8733675B2 (en) 2006-04-20 2014-05-27 Water Pik, Inc. Converging spray showerhead
US8794543B2 (en) 2006-12-28 2014-08-05 Water Pik, Inc. Low-speed pulsating showerhead
USD744065S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744066S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
USD744064S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744614S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
USD744611S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744612S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD745111S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-08 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
US9404243B2 (en) 2013-06-13 2016-08-02 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with turbine driven shutter
USD803981S1 (en) 2016-02-01 2017-11-28 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld spray nozzle

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US5862985A (en) * 1996-08-09 1999-01-26 The Rival Company Showerhead
US6230989B1 (en) 1998-08-26 2001-05-15 Water Pik, Inc. Multi-functional shower head
GB2348615B (en) * 1999-04-08 2003-07-16 Alsons Corp Showerhead engine assembly
US6715699B1 (en) 1999-04-08 2004-04-06 Masco Corporation Showerhead engine assembly
US6378790B1 (en) 2000-01-26 2002-04-30 Speakman Company Shower head having a rubber/plastic face plate and a diverter valve using rubber sleeve back pressure activation
USD450807S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-20 Water Pik, Inc. Traditional standard wall-mount shower head
US6641057B2 (en) 2000-12-12 2003-11-04 Water Pik, Inc. Shower head assembly
USD451170S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-27 Water Pik, Inc. Classic standard wall-mount shower head
USD453370S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2002-02-05 Water Pik, Inc. Euro large handheld shower head
USD451169S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-27 Water Pik, Inc. Traditional standard handheld shower head
USD451980S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-12-11 Water Pik, Inc. Traditional large handheld shower head
USD451171S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-27 Water Pik, Inc. Traditional large wall-mount shower head
USD451583S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-12-04 Water Pik, Inc. Classic large wall-mount shower head
USD450805S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-20 Water Pik, Inc. Classic standard handheld shower head
USD452897S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2002-01-08 Water Pik, Inc. Pan head shower head
USD453551S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2002-02-12 Water Pik, Inc. Modern wall-mount shower head
USD450806S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-20 Water Pik, Inc. Modern handheld shower head
USD451172S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-27 Water Pik, Inc. Euro standard wall-mount shower head
USD452725S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2002-01-01 Water Pik, Inc. Euro standard handheld shower head
USD457937S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2002-05-28 Water Pik, Inc. Classic large handheld shower head
USD452553S1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-12-25 Water Pik, Inc. Euro large wall-mount shower head
DE10231575A1 (en) * 2002-07-11 2004-01-29 Grohe Water Technology Ag & Co. Kg Showerhead for sanitary showers
USD485887S1 (en) 2002-12-10 2004-01-27 Water Pik, Inc. Pan head style shower head
ES2357392T3 (en) * 2003-11-14 2011-04-26 Amfag S.P.A. sprayhead opening and closing.
US7472846B2 (en) * 2004-01-16 2009-01-06 Masco Corporation Of Indiana Integrated swivel spray aerator with diverter
US7322535B2 (en) * 2005-01-24 2008-01-29 Newfrey, Llc Faucet spray head
WO2012025030A1 (en) * 2010-08-23 2012-03-01 厦门松霖科技有限公司 Rotary switching water outlet mechanism

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DE3706320A1 (en) * 1986-09-30 1988-03-31 Chiari & Guerini Snc Shower head for the optional emission of water jets of various kinds
US4754928A (en) * 1987-01-14 1988-07-05 Alsons Corporation Variable massage showerhead
FR2613638B3 (en) * 1987-04-07 1989-07-07 Stam Maraglio Decio Adjustable shower head for projecting jets five different
ES2037469T3 (en) * 1988-06-23 1993-06-16 Sol S.P.A. Shower with rotary switch to supply water jets.

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US8020788B2 (en) 2002-12-10 2011-09-20 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with enhanced pause mode
US8905332B2 (en) 2002-12-10 2014-12-09 Water Pik, Inc. Dual turbine showerhead
US7740186B2 (en) 2004-09-01 2010-06-22 Water Pik, Inc. Drenching shower head
US8292200B2 (en) 2004-09-01 2012-10-23 Water Pik, Inc. Drenching showerhead
US8733675B2 (en) 2006-04-20 2014-05-27 Water Pik, Inc. Converging spray showerhead
US8109450B2 (en) 2006-11-29 2012-02-07 Water Pik, Inc. Connection structure for handheld showerhead
US8020787B2 (en) 2006-11-29 2011-09-20 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead system
US8132745B2 (en) 2006-11-29 2012-03-13 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with tube connectors
US8794543B2 (en) 2006-12-28 2014-08-05 Water Pik, Inc. Low-speed pulsating showerhead
US7770822B2 (en) 2006-12-28 2010-08-10 Water Pik, Inc. Hand shower with an extendable handle
US8366024B2 (en) 2006-12-28 2013-02-05 Water Pik, Inc. Low speed pulsating showerhead
US8146838B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2012-04-03 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead with mode control in handle
US7789326B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2010-09-07 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead with mode control and method of selecting a handheld showerhead mode
US8967497B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2015-03-03 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead with mode selector in handle
US8584972B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2013-11-19 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead with fluid passageways
US8028935B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2011-10-04 Water Pik, Inc. Low flow showerhead and method of making same
US8371618B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2013-02-12 Water Pik, Inc. Hidden pivot attachment for showers and method of making same
US9127794B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2015-09-08 Water Pik, Inc. Pivot attachment for showerheads
USD624156S1 (en) 2008-04-30 2010-09-21 Water Pik, Inc. Pivot ball attachment
US8348181B2 (en) 2008-09-15 2013-01-08 Water Pik, Inc. Shower assembly with radial mode changer
US8757517B2 (en) 2008-09-15 2014-06-24 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with flow directing plates and radial mode changer
USD616061S1 (en) 2008-09-29 2010-05-18 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead assembly
USD641831S1 (en) 2009-10-05 2011-07-19 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead
USD625776S1 (en) 2009-10-05 2010-10-19 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead
US8616470B2 (en) 2010-08-25 2013-12-31 Water Pik, Inc. Mode control valve in showerhead connector
USD674050S1 (en) 2012-01-27 2013-01-08 Water Pik, Inc. Ring-shaped handheld showerhead
USD678463S1 (en) 2012-01-27 2013-03-19 Water Pik, Inc. Ring-shaped wall mount showerhead
USD673649S1 (en) 2012-01-27 2013-01-01 Water Pik, Inc. Ring-shaped wall mount showerhead
USD678467S1 (en) 2012-01-27 2013-03-19 Water Pik, Inc. Ring-shaped handheld showerhead
US9404243B2 (en) 2013-06-13 2016-08-02 Water Pik, Inc. Showerhead with turbine driven shutter
USD744065S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744064S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744614S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
USD744611S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD744612S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-01 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld showerhead
USD745111S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-12-08 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
USD744066S1 (en) 2014-06-13 2015-11-24 Water Pik, Inc. Wall mount showerhead
USD803981S1 (en) 2016-02-01 2017-11-28 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld spray nozzle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
ES1021281U (en) 1992-11-01 application
US5246169A (en) 1993-09-21 grant
DE59202853D1 (en) 1995-08-17 grant
DE4116930A1 (en) 1992-11-26 application
DK0514753T3 (en) 1995-11-27 grant
EP0514753A1 (en) 1992-11-25 application
ES1021281Y (en) 1993-04-01 grant
ES2077289T3 (en) 1995-11-16 grant

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