EP0446512B1 - Method for selecting personal compatible colors - Google Patents

Method for selecting personal compatible colors

Info

Publication number
EP0446512B1
EP0446512B1 EP19900302861 EP90302861A EP0446512B1 EP 0446512 B1 EP0446512 B1 EP 0446512B1 EP 19900302861 EP19900302861 EP 19900302861 EP 90302861 A EP90302861 A EP 90302861A EP 0446512 B1 EP0446512 B1 EP 0446512B1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
color
colors
skin
spectrum
classification
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP19900302861
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0446512A1 (en )
Inventor
Darby S. Macfarlane
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chromatics Color Sciences International Inc
Original Assignee
Darby S. Macfarlane
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D44/00Other toilet or cosmetic equipment, e.g. for hairdressers' rooms
    • A45D44/005Other toilet or cosmetic equipment, e.g. for hairdressers' rooms for selecting or displaying personal cosmetic colours or hairstyle

Description

  • [0001]
    This invention relates generally to the field of individual grooming, and more particularly to an improved method for selecting proper colors of individual articles of apparel, cosmetic make up or hair tint, the method being suitable for use by persons having only ordinary skills.
  • [0002]
    It has long been appreciated that garments, cosmetic make up or hair tint, of particular colors are more flattering to a wearer than similar items of other colors. Many persons, particularly women, possess the ability almost instinctively to make a selection, without appreciating the basis which enables them to make a subjective consideration and decision. Some persons are aware that the proper selection is directly related to the complexion of the wearer, but have not appreciated the actual relationship which exists. As a result, it is customary to try garments, cosmetic make up or hair tint on a trial basis, and observing the appearance in a mirror, or consulting with a salesperson.
  • [0003]
    The present invention is defined in the method of claim 1 and the color chart of claim 4.
  • [0004]
    I have found that the process of color selection can be materially simplified by the provision of standard categories, relatively few in number, of skin colors into which both Caucasian and American black persons may be classified, depending upon the underlying or subcutaneous skin color. Practically all such normal persons have an underlying tone of either blue or yellow-red in varying degrees of intensity, which results in the presence of a readily determined color temperature which may be measured by a draping technique done visually or by a color temperature measuring device or spectrophotometer. The output of a color temperature measuring device is a measure of the yellow to blue content of the light it receives. Where such temperature is to be measured to relatively large tolerances, it may be accomplished by using hand held color temperature meters. The result with a spectrophotometer will be a plottable curve covering the visual spectrum, which will show strength of varying degrees over the spectrum. This curve is matched with curves which are obtained by similar measurements of colors on fabrics or paper samples, which will exhibit similar blue and yellow red reflective properties. Practically all of the colors in the spectrum are available in each of the categories, for selection, provided that the particular color exhibits a curve which is similar to that obtained by measuring the skin pigmentation of the individual user.
  • [0005]
    The invention may be carried into practice in various ways and some embodiments will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:-
    • Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic illustration of a color chart collecting together colors compatible with one category of skin color; and
    • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of an assemblage of fabric samples having colors compatible with one category of skin color.
  • [0006]
    In accordance with the invention, a fist step consists in the establishment of a number of skin color categories. Each of the colors in each category exhibits a substantially similar plotted curve extending over the visible spectrum, obtained by spectroanalysis.
  • [0007]
    I have found that a compilation of four sets of basic color ranges in material fabric can be made that is most compatible with the four ranges of basic skin pigment undertones into which the great bulk of the population may be classified. These skin and fabric color categories are as follows.
  • [0008]
    Classification A includes almost all of the colors of the visible spectrum. They have the highest intensity (50 to 100%) per spectrum analysis of the shorter wave lengths of the skin color spectrum, that is to say, the "blue base" tones. Black is also in this classification.
  • [0009]
    Classification B also includes most all colors, with the exclusion of black. They have the next highest or one to fifty percent intensity per spectrum analysis of the shorter wave lengths of the skin color spectrum, or the "blue based" tones.
  • [0010]
    Classification C also includes most of the colors, and these have a one to fifty percent intensity of the yellow red tones, or the longer wave lengths of the skin color spectrum, per spectrum analysis.
  • [0011]
    Classification D, again, includes most of the colors, and they have the highest intensity of the yellow red tones, fifty to one hundred percent, or the longest wave lengths of the skin color spectrum, per spectrum analysis.
  • [0012]
    As both the skin color undertones of an individual person and the labeling of the color of a dyed piece of material can be classified into one of the above four categories, it is possible to match the skin of the user to the material and determine the most compatible colors in a given material a person may wear, or use on their person. Once the classification of the individual user is established, it is possible to provide that person with a simplified color chart 10, as shown for example in Fig. 1, and the selection of a garment or articles to be worn may be matched as closely as possible from the standpoint of color to a color 12 on the chart.
  • [0013]
    As a next step in the disclosed method, a series of color charts 10 are prepared in which suitable colors 12 for each category are assembled. This might be done by displaying the colors on a single surface, or preferably individual swatches of fabric 16 exhibiting the proper colors can be assembled in a convenient package 20, as shown for example in Fig. 2.
  • [0014]
    Individual testing of a subject is conducted using a draping technique of material around the shoulders, near the face, the materials being of the full color spectrum, but being either blue based or red yellow based and observed visually as to compatibility to the skin pigment of the subject, or by use of a spectrophotometer, or by means of a specialized color temperature meter calibrated to indicate broadly in which of the four categories A through D of the skin of the subject is properly classified. Once this reading has been made, the subject is supplied with the appropriate color chart, and selection of a garment, cosmetic make up or hair tint can be guided by comparing the apparent color thereof with colors 12 on the chart 10. While in most cases, the user will want to try the garment, make up or hair tint, as a practical matter, the chart is useful in facilitating an initial rejection of an item based upon improper color alone.
  • [0015]
    It will be understood by those skilled in the art that it is possible to provide a greater number of categories with correspondingly greater precision relative to the availability of colors. I have found, however, for practical purposes, the four category system is entirely adequate, and greater precision can be used in such case, with regard to the selection of colors to be included in the color chart relating to a particular category, thus facilitating the testing of an individual user which may be conducted by those who are relatively unskilled in the physical sciences.

Claims (4)

  1. A method of assigning to nonskin matter a skin color compatibility classification characterised by: providing a plurality of color classification categories based exclusively upon the measurable skin color content in the bluer and yellower regions of the spectrum; identifying the compatibility of at least one color of the nonskin matter with one of the classification categories; and assigning one of the color classifications to the nonskin matter based on the identified compatibility.
  2. A method as claimed in claim 1, characterised by providing a plurality of colors assigned to the same color classification in a color chart.
  3. A method as claimed in claim 1, characterised by collecting together in an assemblage a plurality of samples of nonskin matter having the same color classification.
  4. A color chart characterized by representations of colors of nonskin products such as garments, cosmetics, hair tint or the like, and the representations of colors being assembled together and being of colors of a single classification compatible with a skin color classification category based exclusively upon measurable skin color content in bluer and yellower spectral regions.
EP19900302861 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method for selecting personal compatible colors Expired - Lifetime EP0446512B1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US1990/001284 WO1991014158A1 (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method for selecting personal compatible colors
CA 2077677 CA2077677C (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method of selecting personal compatible colors
EP19900302861 EP0446512B1 (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method for selecting personal compatible colors
HK98105580 1998-06-17

Applications Claiming Priority (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES90302861T ES2069000T3 (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method to select compatible colors for one person.
JP50546090A JPH05506710A (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16
PCT/US1990/001284 WO1991014158A1 (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method for selecting personal compatible colors
CA 2077677 CA2077677C (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method of selecting personal compatible colors
KR920072229A KR0169744B1 (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method for selecting personal compatible colors
DE1990616001 DE69016001T2 (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 A method for selecting compatible with a person's color.
EP19900302861 EP0446512B1 (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method for selecting personal compatible colors
DE1990616001 DE69016001D1 (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 A method for selecting compatible with a person's color.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0446512A1 true EP0446512A1 (en) 1991-09-18
EP0446512B1 true EP0446512B1 (en) 1995-01-11

Family

ID=37309325

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19900302861 Expired - Lifetime EP0446512B1 (en) 1990-03-16 1990-03-16 Method for selecting personal compatible colors

Country Status (7)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0446512B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH05506710A (en)
KR (1) KR0169744B1 (en)
CA (1) CA2077677C (en)
DE (2) DE69016001T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2069000T3 (en)
WO (1) WO1991014158A1 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6622064B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2003-09-16 Imx Labs, Inc. Nail polish selection method
US6672341B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2004-01-06 Imx Labs, Inc. Apparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US6779686B2 (en) 2001-06-01 2004-08-24 Imx Labs, Inc. Point-of-sale body powder dispensing system
EP1862089A1 (en) 2006-06-01 2007-12-05 Carlo Guidi Method for selecting a harmonious hair colour suitable for an individual
US8017137B2 (en) 2004-07-19 2011-09-13 Bartholomew Julie R Customized retail point of sale dispensing methods
US8186872B2 (en) 2004-11-08 2012-05-29 Cosmetic Technologies Automated customized cosmetic dispenser
US8573263B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2013-11-05 Cosmetic Technologies, Llc Apparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US8636173B2 (en) 2001-06-01 2014-01-28 Cosmetic Technologies, L.L.C. Point-of-sale body powder dispensing system

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5311293A (en) * 1983-07-18 1994-05-10 Chromatics Color Sciences International, Inc. Method and instrument for selecting personal compatible colors
US6707929B2 (en) 2000-05-12 2004-03-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for analyzing hair and predicting achievable hair dyeing ending colors
US6516245B1 (en) 2000-05-31 2003-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for providing personalized cosmetics
US20130058543A1 (en) * 2011-09-06 2013-03-07 The Proctor & Gamble Company Systems, devices, and methods for image analysis

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2221774A (en) * 1939-09-21 1940-11-19 Bowser Bernice Color chart
FR1347400A (en) * 1963-01-22 1963-12-27 Color Active S A Device for determining the colors of clothes suitable for the color of certain features of the person who wishes to wear these clothes
DE2726606A1 (en) * 1977-06-13 1978-12-21 Max Planck Gesellschaft medical spectrophotometer
US4561850A (en) * 1983-11-14 1985-12-31 Fabbri Vittorio E Color coordinator device
NL8401665A (en) * 1984-05-24 1985-12-16 Hsr A method and apparatus for local deviations in studies of the skin surface.
US4681546A (en) * 1984-07-20 1987-07-21 Charlavan Hart Personal color analysis method
FR2587181B1 (en) * 1985-09-16 1987-12-18 Bourdier Jean Claude Method and device makeup

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6622064B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2003-09-16 Imx Labs, Inc. Nail polish selection method
US8352070B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-01-08 Cosmetic Technologies, Llc Nail polish color selection system
US8880218B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2014-11-04 Cosmetic Technologies, L.L.C. Nail polish color selection system
US7822504B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2010-10-26 Cosmetic Technologies, L.L.C. Nail polish color selection system
US8636173B2 (en) 2001-06-01 2014-01-28 Cosmetic Technologies, L.L.C. Point-of-sale body powder dispensing system
US6779686B2 (en) 2001-06-01 2004-08-24 Imx Labs, Inc. Point-of-sale body powder dispensing system
US8141596B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2012-03-27 Cosmetic Technologies Llc Apparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US6672341B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2004-01-06 Imx Labs, Inc. Apparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US8573263B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2013-11-05 Cosmetic Technologies, Llc Apparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US8017137B2 (en) 2004-07-19 2011-09-13 Bartholomew Julie R Customized retail point of sale dispensing methods
US8186872B2 (en) 2004-11-08 2012-05-29 Cosmetic Technologies Automated customized cosmetic dispenser
US8608371B2 (en) 2004-11-08 2013-12-17 Cosmetic Technologies, Llc Automated customized cosmetic dispenser
US9691213B2 (en) 2004-11-08 2017-06-27 Cosmetic Technologies, L.L.C. Automated customized cosmetic dispenser
EP1862089A1 (en) 2006-06-01 2007-12-05 Carlo Guidi Method for selecting a harmonious hair colour suitable for an individual

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
KR0169744B1 (en) 1999-03-30 grant
CA2077677C (en) 1998-08-18 grant
DE69016001T2 (en) 1995-08-24 grant
WO1991014158A1 (en) 1991-09-19 application
JPH05506710A (en) 1993-09-30 application
DE69016001D1 (en) 1995-02-23 grant
EP0446512A1 (en) 1991-09-18 application
CA2077677A1 (en) 1991-09-17 application
ES2069000T3 (en) 1995-05-01 grant

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