EP0388090A1 - Sheet with security device - Google Patents

Sheet with security device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0388090A1
EP0388090A1 EP90302524A EP90302524A EP0388090A1 EP 0388090 A1 EP0388090 A1 EP 0388090A1 EP 90302524 A EP90302524 A EP 90302524A EP 90302524 A EP90302524 A EP 90302524A EP 0388090 A1 EP0388090 A1 EP 0388090A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
sheet
region
according
feature
paper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP90302524A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0388090B1 (en
Inventor
David William Thomas
Max Thoma
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DE LA RUE INTERNATIONAL LIMITED;DE LA RUE INTERNAT
Original Assignee
de la Rue Co PLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to GB8905471 priority Critical
Priority to GB8905471A priority patent/GB8905471D0/en
Application filed by de la Rue Co PLC filed Critical de la Rue Co PLC
Publication of EP0388090A1 publication Critical patent/EP0388090A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0388090B1 publication Critical patent/EP0388090B1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=10653063&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=EP0388090(A1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H21/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties
    • D21H21/14Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties characterised by function or properties in or on the paper
    • D21H21/40Agents facilitating proof of genuineness or preventing fraudulent alteration, e.g. for security paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D15/00Printed matter of special format or style not otherwise provided for
    • B42D15/0006Paper provided with guiding marks, e.g. ruled, squared or scaled paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/29Securities; Bank notes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D2033/00Structure or construction of identity, credit, cheque or like information-bearing cards
    • B42D2033/04Transparent material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D2035/00Nature or shape of the markings provided on identity, credit, cheque or like information-bearing cards
    • B42D2035/50Corresponding markings appearing in different shapes or at different places

Abstract

A sheet (1), such as a banknote, has a security device comprising a see-through or print-through feature. The feature is provided in a region (3) of the sheet (1) which has a substantially uniform transparency and which is more transparent than a majority of the remainder of the sheet in the absence of applied ink.

Description

  • The invention relates to a sheet having a security device and a method of manufacturing such a sheet.
  • In the field of security documents, such as banknotes and the like, there is a continuing need to incorporate security devices which prevent such security documents from being counterfeited using the increasingly sophisticated commercial printing equipment which is available.
  • Examples of security devices which have been used in the past include complex patterns printed on the document, optical devices such as diffraction gratings and holograms and the like.
  • For certain translucent papers a security feature which involves providing (usually printing) an image on both sides of the paper was developed many years ago. In one form, herein defined as a "see-through" feature, complementary images are provided on each side of the sheet precisely registered relative to one another such that when the sheet is held up to the light, the image on the back will fit exactly into spaces within the image on the front, optionally with an even unprinted margin around the perimeter. For example, each image could comprise a series of black circles the circles on one side of the sheet fitting within the spaces between circles on the other. Printing of these images is normally carried out with specialised lithographic presses which allow simultaneous front and back printing during one printing run. In this way, the tolerances applied to the design elements are typically a fraction of a millimetre and any variation caused by counterfeiting by printing both sides during different printing runs can be quickly noticed. By printing on both sides in a single impression, misregister due to variations in the dimensions of the sheet caused by change of moisture content or heating and the like are avoided.
  • A second feature based on the same principle is herein defined as a "print-through" feature. In this case, an image and its reverse are printed on each side of the sheet, in register, so that when the sheet is held up to the light the image on one side of the sheet substantially conceals the image on the other side of the sheet. There should be no change in appearance of the image due to mis-register. It is possible, however, for the two images to be printed in different colours which may include rainbow printing effects.
  • Both see-through and print-through features have four modes of visual inspection - the first image viewed in reflected light, the image on the other side of the sheet viewed in reflected light, the composite image viewed by transmitted light as viewed from the first side and with the image on that side predominating, and finally the composite image as viewed on the other side of the sheet with the image on that side predominating. On transmissive viewing of see-through features the image on the opposite side of the sheet is seen to be in register in a genuine document. On transmissive viewing of print-through features the image on the opposite side of the sheet is not seen in a genuine document but slight misregister will reveal that the document is a counterfeit.
  • The printed images are generally graphical designs although alphanumeric characters which appear identical in mirror reflection may be employed. The printed images may be of the same ink colour on both sides of the sheet which will give the impression of the printing ink having penetrated through the document or the colours may be different. The print-through feature image on one side of a sheet may comprise two different printed portions on at least one side of the sheet, which may be printed in different colours. Alternatively the printed image may be formed by continuously varying colour as in security rainbow printing methods.
  • Security document designers frequently combine a number of individual see-through features to make composite designs with those characteristics. See-through and print-through features will sometimes be combined to give a composite overall design feature which may cover a large portion of the note eg. up to 25%.
  • Until now these see-through and print-through security features have best been utilised in banknotes of relatively low basis weight and have been restricted to white or near-white papers. The heavier weight papers frequently found in the more durable currencies have too high an opacity for effective use of such features. Similarly coloured papers have too high an opacity to allow ready observation of these features.
  • In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, we provide a sheet having a security device comprising a see-through or print-through feature, as hereinbefore defined characterised in that the feature is provided in a region of the sheet which has a substantially uniform transparency and which is more transparent than a majority of the remainder of the sheet in the absence of applied ink.
  • In accordance with a second aspect of the present invention, a method of manufacturing a sheet having a security device comprises providing a sheet with a region which has a substantially uniform transparency and which is more transparent than a majority of the remainder of the sheet in the absence of applied ink; and providing a see-through or print-through feature as hereinbefore defined, in the said region.
  • We have proposed a new type of sheet in which a security device having a see-through or print-through feature can be provided even though a majority of the sheet itself is substantially opaque to light.
  • The invention is particularly applicable for use with coloured and relatively heavy security paper substrates which exhibit a high absorbance and with which see-through and print-through features have not previously been found to give satisfactory performance. These features have therefore previously been confined to lighter weight white papers. However, with the invention the advantages of these features can be used on previously unacceptable substrates. This makes the invention particularly applicable to security documents which undergo frequent use such as banknotes. The invention is applicable, however, to various types of sheet substrate stock such as paper, including rag paper, paper-plastic laminates, plastic coated paper, translucent plastic and the like. Frequently, however, the sheet comprises rag paper to which security printing is applied to form a banknote.
  • Normally, the radiation with which the images can be detected is in the visible band.
  • The security device of the invention may be used in any suitable two side security printed documents such as banknotes, cheques including bank and travellers' cheques and passports, bonds, certificates, tickets, passes, plastic cards (such as financial cards, bank cards, credit cards, charge cards, guarantee cards, service entitlement cards), integrated circuit containing cards, identity cards, and licence documents.
  • The transparency of such items may be automatically measured when the item is presented for machine processing such as banknote sorting.
  • Preferably, the features substantially fill the region of uniform transparency although a plane perimeter region may be provided.
  • As already mentioned, the images printed in the region may be similar to those used conventionally to define see-through or print-through features. In addition, these features may be varied so that instead of whole evenly toned printing being employed, the images may be made from intermeshing geometric arrangements. Such arrangements include parallel spaced line patterns, for example with the space and line widths being identical, such that when the composite is viewed by transmission the lines alternately overlap to give the impression of a solid figure. Concentric circles or other curvilinear shapes may also be employed. A further alternative is an intermeshing pattern of orthogonally orientated lines of equal line and space width which when viewed by transmission give an overlapping pattern of squares having either no overlap, a single overlap or double overlap. Poor registration will cause this effect to be noticably changed. A further alternative, described in DE-C-3208204 is a periodic line or points pattern which on counterfeiting gives a moire pattern.
  • The images can be printed in monochrome or polychrome or a combination of the two.
  • The inks which may be employed are lithographic inks including coloured inks, white inks, black inks, metallic inks, optically variable inks (such as those incorporating thin film optical interference filters) and the like. Thermochromic inks, photochromic inks, fluorescing and phosphorescing inks visibly may also be employed. The inks may be employed in rainbow printing fashion.
  • The images may also be printed with white or colourless substances which are difficult to detect by eye but which are detectable by machine sensing, such as X-ray absorptive inks. Using such a technique the security feature will only be made viewable on an X-ray photograph.
  • Preferably, the step of providing a sheet comprises manufacturing the sheet such that the weight per unit area of the sheet in the region of uniform transparency is less than the weight per unit area in the majority of the remainder of the sheet. Preferably, this is achieved by the use of a watermarking technique such as by using mould or dandy roll methods but in which there is substantially no variation in transmission to radiation within the region.
  • The use of abrasion to remove a proportion of paper from an area (which may be presented in relief to allow paper removal in patterned form) may also be employed.
  • As an alternative, for relatively thin sheets, the majority of the sheet can be made substantially more opaque than the region to carry the images using dyes and the like. In a further alternative, such reduction in transparency may be achieved by methods of electroless deposition of metals as taught in JP63219694A (Dai Nippon Printing KK) in which the metal deposits inside the paper without discoloration.
  • For a mould-made watermarked white paper, if the non-watermarked areas have an average relative transmission of 1.00, then the planar region in which the security device is provided preferably has a relative transmission of 1.05 to 1.25, most preferably 1.10 to 1.20. The shadow areas of graphical watermarks in such watermark papers may be in the range of 0.95 to 0.65, preferably 0.90 to 0.80. A particular example of a mould marked paper (prior to any printing) had a relative transmission of 1.00 in its unwatermarked areas, a maximum relative light transmission of 1.17 in the highlights and a minimum of 0.85 in the shadow areas of the graphical watermark.
  • For a dandy roll made watermarked white paper, the relative planar region transmissions which are preferred are similar to that for a mould-made watermarked white paper. A particular example of a dandy roll marked paper had a relative transmission of 1.00, a maximum relative light transmission of 1.17 in the highlights and a minimum of 0.89 in the shadow areas of the graphical watermark.
  • The variation in transmission of the unwatermarked areas prior to printing will normally be within 2%.
  • It should be understood that the reference above to "watermarked" paper is simply to indicate that the region in which the security device is provided has been manufactured using a watermarking technique although the region created to carry the images has a substantially uniform or even transparency.
  • In addition to this region, however, it is preferable if the sheet also includes a conventional (ie. graphical) watermark. This graphical watermark should be separate from the region having the security device and may be made in any conventional manner, typically the same manner as that used to make the security device region but additionally imparting a variation in the translucency of the paper. For example, there may be a mould-made mark which is a three dimensional image created within the body of the paper during the manufacturing process. It consists of a controlled variation of paper weight on a small scale which permits more or less light to pass through the paper forming areas of light and shadow which make up the graphical watermark image.
  • Typically, the region containing the security device will have an area of between 0.4 and 5cm² and although generally will be separate from other graphical watermark features, it could form part of a larger composite watermark. Areas greatly in excess of 5cm² are undesirable less the strength of the document is compromised.
  • In general, the region containing the security device will have a reduction in opacity of typically up to 40% of the average opacity of the sheet. This figure may be greater, that is the contrast between the general background areas of the sheet and the security device region may be greater if the base is itself coloured.
  • The process for printing the see-through or print-through features is normally twin offset lithographic although twin dry offset lithography and twin intaglio may be used. In order to achieve the precise register the image component on one side of the sheet is printed at the same time at its counterpart on the other side of the sheet. Thus the two components are applied during one printing impression, not from separate impressions even during the same pass through the printing press. The combination of lithography and intaglio will not normally give sufficient register to be practicable.
  • The planar watermarked area for use with these features must be even in translucency over the area of the feature with which it is designed to be used. Conventional watermarking of banknote and similar security paper causes many deliberate changes in translucency in order to depict the graphical watermark. The areas of given high translucency in conventional watermarks are generally too small for use with see-though and print-through features. In some cases, the region containing the see-through and print-through feature will be on its own, in others it may abut or be contained within a conventional graphical watermark.
  • Normally, the region containing the see-through or print-through feature will wholly contain the feature and leave a margin to allow for variation in register between the region and the feature. This is not however essential. Thus for example within a large conventional see-though or print-through feature there may be contained a feature according to the invention. The region incorporating this feature fits inside the conventional feature but sufficiently circumscribes the printing which is to be viewed in combination with the region. The overall effect of a localised feature according to the invention, which is contained within a larger area of see-through and/or print-through printing is to create a highlight area.
  • A security document such as a banknote may contain a selection of see-through and print-through features and individual design elements may include portions of both.
  • In the case where the security device region is made more transparent to radiation using a watermarking technique, account must be taken of the fact that the watermarking process gives less precise register than that achievable by double sided precision register lithographic printing. In view of this, the region contained in the security device will normally be made larger than the images themselves, typically by 3mm in each direction. The registration of the security device region and the images need not therefore be as accurate as between the images themselves.
  • A further advantage of making use of the watermarking technique is that counterfeiting is made more difficult by combining this technique with double sided precision lithographic printing.
  • The final registration between the images on each side of the sheet should fall within a tolerance of 0.1mm.
  • If the planar region is made by changing the basis weight of the paper locally, then it is desirable that this area of reduced weight does not extend over the edge of the sheet having the security device in order not to reduce the durability of the document.
  • In accordance with a third aspect of the present invention, security printable substrate stock comprises a region which has a substantially uniform transparency and which is more transparent than a majority of the remainder of the sheet in the absence of applied ink. For example the stock may comprise paper, preferably banknote paper and may include, separate from the transparent region, one or more of a security thread, a graphical watermark, security fibres, and planchettes.
  • The substrate stock may include a sheet having at least twelve such regions and advantageously forms a roll having at least 1000 such regions.
  • Some examples of banknotes according to the invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:-
    • Figure 1 illustrates one face of a banknote showing a watermark region and a region of even translucency;
    • Figure 2 illustrates one image of a combined see-through and print-through device;
    • Figure 3 illustrates the other image of the device of Figure 2;
    • Figure 4 illustrates the appearance of the device of Figures 2 and 3 when viewed with transmitted light;
    • Figure 5 illustrates the device of Figures 2 to 4 on the banknote of Figure 1;
    • Figure 6 illustrates another banknote having a print-through device; and,
    • Figures 7A and 7B illustrate respectively a cross-section through a partially printed banknote and a graph showing transmittance along the cross-section.
    • Figure 1 illustrates a banknote 1 containing a conventional graphical watermark 2 illustrated in outline and an area of even transparency 3.
    • Figure 2 represents the front view of the portion of a combined see-through and print-through device (not shown in Figure 1) which is printed on the front of the banknote 1 in the area 3 and in which the black areas are printed areas. This consists of a perimeter outline of a figurine 4, background shading 5 and an overall perimeter 6A. It is all contained within the area of even transparency 3 (not shown in Figure 2).
    • Figure 3 represents the view of the other portion of the device, printed on the back of the banknote 1 and viewed from that aspect. It is similarly contained within the area of even transparency 3 (not shown in Figure 3). It consists of a solid figurine 7, which may be rainbow printed, within an unprinted background 8 and confined by a perimeter 6B of the same dimensions as that in Figure 2.
    • Figure 4 represents the front view of the device when inspected by transmitted light. Within the area of even transparency 3 (not shown in Figure 4) is located the composite device. The figurine is revealed to be in such accurate register that it fits within the confines of the front printed portion and is surrounded by an even unprinted margin 9. This illustrates the see-through feature.
  • The perimeters of the portions 6A and 6B of the two printings constituting the device are printed in such accurate register that they overlap to form perimeter line 10 which has exactly the same dimensions as components 6A and 6B. This forms the print-through feature. From inspection of the device in transmitted light it is not obvious to the casual viewer that the line 6B is behind 6A.
  • Figure 5 shows the relative position of the device within the final banknote as viewed by transmitted light.
  • Figure 6 represents the appearance from the front and by transmitted light of a similar device 11 which is entirely a print-through device, with the elements being composed in similar manner to the previous example, but with the entire element being printed in register on both sides of the paper. In this instance the mirror image of the design 11 shown in Figure 6 as being on the front of the note is printed on the back in absolute register.
  • Figure 7A shows the banknote 1 provided with the area of even transparency 3 in which is printed a figurine 2 similar to the figurine 7. The banknote 1 has been further provided, by means of printing, with a solid figurine 13 elsewhere in the majority of the sheet. The light transmittance through the partly printed document is thus characterised by four values as shown in Figure 7B. Value A is the light transmittance through the majority of the sheet; Value B is the light transmittance through the area of even transparency 3; Value C represents the light transmittance through the area provided with the solid figurine 13; and Value D represents the light transmittance through the area of even transparency 3 provided with the solid figurine 12.
  • The light transmittance measurements were made with the light source on the same side as the solid printed figurines 12 and 13 and detection on the side remote from the figurines. The contrast between print and paper when the print is viewed through the paper may be defined in terms of these four values. Contrast P representing the print contrast for the solid figurine 13 printed on the majority of the sheet may be defined as Value A minus Value C. Similarly Contrast T representing the print contrast for the solid figurine 12 printed in the area of greater transparency 3 may be defined as Value B minus Value D. The increase in contrast represented by the increase of Contrast T over Contrast P is thus a measure of the improvement in the clarity of a see-through feature of the invenion.
  • Example 1
  • A white sheet of paper of approximately 85 gsm was made on a laboratory sheet former. An area of greater transparency was provided during the forming of the sheet. The sheet was printed with a suitable solid image using black ink in the area of the greater transparency and elsewhere on the majority of the sheet. Light transmission measurements calculated from transmission densitometer readings gave the characteristic values as described above of Value A = 31.4%, Value B = 47.1%, Value C = 1.8% and Value D = 3.7%. Thus we may calculate Contrast P = 29.6% and Contrast T = 43.4%, an improvement of 13.8% in print contrast.
  • Example 2
  • A white sheet of paper of approximately 95 gsm was formed and printed as described in Example 1. Characteristic light transmission levels were Value A = 25.7%, Value B = 41.2%, Value C = 7.8% and Value D = 11.6%. The relevant print contrast values are thus Contrast P = 17.9% and Contrast T = 29.6%, an improvement in print contrast of 11.7%.
  • Example 3
  • A pink coloured sheet of paper of approximately 95 gsm was formed and printed as in Example 1. Characteristic light transmission levels were Value A = 12.9%, Value B = 30.9%, Value C = 3.5%, and Value D = 7.2% giving print contrasts of Contrast P = 9.4% and Contrast T = 23.7%, an improvement of 14.3%.

Claims (19)

1. A sheet (1) having a security device comprising a see-through or print-through feature, as hereinbefore defined characterised in that the feature is provided in a region (3) of the sheet (1) which has a substantially uniform transparency and which is more transparent than a majority of the remainder of the sheet in the absence of applied ink.
2. A sheet according to claim 1, wherein the sheet comprises paper, paper-plastic laminate, plastic coated paper, or translucent plastic.
3. A sheet according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the feature is printed using a white or colourless substance which is detectable by machine sensing.
4. A sheet according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a graphical watermark separate from the region (3) having the security device.
5. A sheet according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the region containing the security device has an area between 0.4 and 5cm².
6. A sheet according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the region containing the security device has a reduction in opacity relative to the remainder of the sheet in the absence of applied ink of up to 40% of the average opacity of the sheet.
7. A sheet according to any of the preceding claims for use as a security printed document.
8. A sheet according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the feature is printed on the sheet.
9. A method of manufacturing a sheet having a security device, the method comprising providing a sheet with a region which has a substantially uniform transparency and which is more transparent than a majority of the remainder of the sheet in the absence of applied ink; and providing a see-through or print-through feature as hereinbefore defined, in the said region.
10. A method according to claim 9, wherein the step of providing a sheet comprises manufacturing the sheet such that the weight per unit area of the sheet in the region of uniform transparency is less than the weight per unit area in the majority of the remainder of the sheet.
11. A method according to claim 9 or claim 10, wherein the feature is printed on the sheet.
12. A method according to any of claims 9 to 11, wherein the region is formed using a watermarking process.
13. Security printable substrate stock comprising a region which has a substantially uniform transparency and which is more transparent than a majority of the remainder of the sheet in the absence of applied ink.
14. Stock according to claim 13 which comprises banknote paper.
15. Stock according to claim 13 or claim 14, the stock including one or more of a security thread, a watermark, security fibres, and planchettes.
16. Stock according to any of claims 13 to 15, wherein the region has an area of between 0.4 and 5 cm².
17. Stock according to any of claims 13 to 16, the stock having at least twelve such regions.
18. A roll of paper stock according to claim 17, the roll having at least 1000 such regions.
19. A sheet having a security device according to any of claims 1 to 8 manufactured from paper stock according to any of claims 13 to 18.
EP90302524A 1989-03-10 1990-03-09 Sheet with security device Expired - Lifetime EP0388090B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8905471 1989-03-10
GB8905471A GB8905471D0 (en) 1989-03-10 1989-03-10 Sheet with security device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0388090A1 true EP0388090A1 (en) 1990-09-19
EP0388090B1 EP0388090B1 (en) 1995-03-01

Family

ID=10653063

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP90302524A Expired - Lifetime EP0388090B1 (en) 1989-03-10 1990-03-09 Sheet with security device

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0388090B1 (en)
DE (2) DE69017242D1 (en)
GB (1) GB8905471D0 (en)
HK (1) HK94696A (en)

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994002329A1 (en) * 1992-07-24 1994-02-03 Portals Limited Improvements in or relating to high value documents
WO1994020679A1 (en) * 1993-03-02 1994-09-15 Arjo Wiggins S.A. Security paper comprising localised areas with reduced thickness and opacity, and method for making same
EP0628408A1 (en) * 1993-06-08 1994-12-14 Dragisa Andric Security paper with color mark
GB2283026A (en) * 1993-09-30 1995-04-26 Portals Ltd Improvement in security features for paper
EP0781669A3 (en) * 1995-12-27 1997-09-03 Walter Mantegazza Document with counterfeit- and forgery- preventing means particularly for security papers and the like
WO1998003348A1 (en) * 1996-07-23 1998-01-29 Lean B.V. Method for protecting a paper security document or identification document
WO1998015418A1 (en) * 1996-10-10 1998-04-16 Securency Pty. Ltd. Self-verifying security documents
DE19729918A1 (en) * 1997-07-04 1999-01-07 Bundesdruckerei Gmbh Security and / or valuable document
WO2000041159A1 (en) * 1999-01-08 2000-07-13 Ucb, S.A. Authentication means
AU724868B2 (en) * 1996-10-10 2000-10-05 Securency Pty Ltd Security documents incorporating verification means
EP1200273B1 (en) * 1999-07-28 2002-12-04 Koenig & Bauer Aktiengesellschaft Finishing method
US6581839B1 (en) 1999-09-07 2003-06-24 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Transaction card
WO2003101755A1 (en) 2002-05-31 2003-12-11 Ucb, S.A. Authentication means
FR2842460A1 (en) 2002-07-19 2004-01-23 Arjo Wiggins Security document protected against duplex copy
WO2004025028A1 (en) * 2002-09-16 2004-03-25 D W Spinks (Embossing) Ltd Rainbow fibres
US6749123B2 (en) 1999-09-07 2004-06-15 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Transaction card
WO2004056582A2 (en) 2002-12-19 2004-07-08 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Security element for valuable documents
US6764014B2 (en) 1999-09-07 2004-07-20 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Transaction card
WO2004062941A1 (en) 2003-01-02 2004-07-29 Arjo Wiggins Security Sas Sheet with an anticpopying, reduced opacity area
WO2005047013A2 (en) 2003-11-04 2005-05-26 De La Rue International Limited Security device
US7114750B1 (en) * 1995-11-29 2006-10-03 Graphic Security Systems Corporation Self-authenticating documents
GB2437939A (en) * 2006-05-08 2007-11-14 Rue De Int Ltd Security substrates incorporating a watermark
US7434727B2 (en) 2004-06-17 2008-10-14 Kba-Giori S.A. Process and apparatus for providing markings security papers
US7488002B2 (en) 1998-07-02 2009-02-10 Securency Pty Limited Security and/or value document
EP2109084A1 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-10-14 HID Global GmbH A method of checking the authenticity of a document with a co-laminated fabric layer inside
FR2929965A1 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-10-16 Arjowiggins Licensing Soc Par Security sheet having a ribbon having a reduced operating area.
CN101374676B (en) 2006-01-26 2011-03-23 德拉鲁国际有限公司 Security document
US8141908B2 (en) 2007-07-19 2012-03-27 De La Rue International Limited Security device and method
DE19781815B3 (en) * 1996-06-14 2012-12-27 De La Rue International Limited Safety device
EP2559563A1 (en) 2011-08-18 2013-02-20 Polska Wytwornia Papierow Wartosciowych S.A. A security document with a see-through feature, and methods for manufacturing and authentication thereof
EP2138318B2 (en) 2008-06-27 2015-11-18 Giesecke & Devrient GmbH Safety element with ducts and method for producing same
US9363083B1 (en) 2000-05-24 2016-06-07 Copilot Ventures Fund Iii Llc Authentication method and system
GB2547687A (en) * 2016-02-26 2017-08-30 De La Rue Int Ltd Methods of manufacturing security devices
US9811671B1 (en) 2000-05-24 2017-11-07 Copilot Ventures Fund Iii Llc Authentication method and system
US9818249B1 (en) 2002-09-04 2017-11-14 Copilot Ventures Fund Iii Llc Authentication method and system
US9886692B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2018-02-06 Chartoleaux Kg Limited Liability Company Securing a transaction between a transponder and a reader
US10207532B2 (en) * 2014-07-30 2019-02-19 Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited Security document having a protected window and method for making the same

Families Citing this family (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8066190B2 (en) 1999-09-07 2011-11-29 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Transaction card
US7837116B2 (en) 1999-09-07 2010-11-23 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Transaction card
US7827106B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2010-11-02 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. System and method for manufacturing a punch-out RFID transaction device
US7627531B2 (en) 2000-03-07 2009-12-01 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. System for facilitating a transaction
US7650314B1 (en) 2001-05-25 2010-01-19 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. System and method for securing a recurrent billing transaction
US7360689B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2008-04-22 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Method and system for proffering multiple biometrics for use with a FOB
USRE45416E1 (en) 2001-07-10 2015-03-17 Xatra Fund Mx, Llc Processing an RF transaction using a routing number
US8548927B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2013-10-01 Xatra Fund Mx, Llc Biometric registration for facilitating an RF transaction
US7668750B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2010-02-23 David S Bonalle Securing RF transactions using a transactions counter
US8284025B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2012-10-09 Xatra Fund Mx, Llc Method and system for auditory recognition biometrics on a FOB
US20040236699A1 (en) 2001-07-10 2004-11-25 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Method and system for hand geometry recognition biometrics on a fob
US7889052B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2011-02-15 Xatra Fund Mx, Llc Authorizing payment subsequent to RF transactions
US9454752B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2016-09-27 Chartoleaux Kg Limited Liability Company Reload protocol at a transaction processing entity
US9031880B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2015-05-12 Iii Holdings 1, Llc Systems and methods for non-traditional payment using biometric data
US9024719B1 (en) 2001-07-10 2015-05-05 Xatra Fund Mx, Llc RF transaction system and method for storing user personal data
US7705732B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2010-04-27 Fred Bishop Authenticating an RF transaction using a transaction counter
US7303120B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2007-12-04 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. System for biometric security using a FOB
US7746215B1 (en) 2001-07-10 2010-06-29 Fred Bishop RF transactions using a wireless reader grid
US8001054B1 (en) 2001-07-10 2011-08-16 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. System and method for generating an unpredictable number using a seeded algorithm
US8294552B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2012-10-23 Xatra Fund Mx, Llc Facial scan biometrics on a payment device
US6805287B2 (en) 2002-09-12 2004-10-19 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. System and method for converting a stored value card to a credit card
US7318550B2 (en) 2004-07-01 2008-01-15 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Biometric safeguard method for use with a smartcard
MY163650A (en) 2010-10-11 2017-10-13 Graphic Security Systems Corp Method for constructing a composite image incorporating a hidden authentication image
LT6687B (en) 2018-03-30 2019-12-27 UAB "Garsų pasaulis" Plastic laminate with a security feature

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE62053C (en) *
GB315528A (en) * 1928-05-26 1929-07-18 Waterlow And Sons Ltd Improvements in the printing of cheques and like documents
US3366531A (en) * 1964-01-14 1968-01-30 Philip H. Long Paper currency tapered in thickness
DE2511368A1 (en) * 1974-04-02 1975-10-16 Gao Ges Automation Org Tamper-proof identity card - has information recorded using photographic emulsion congruently through card thickness
DE2901150B1 (en) * 1979-01-12 1980-05-29 Gao Ges Automation Org An identity card with the reflected and transmitted light testable authenticity features and methods for their preparation
CA1116851A (en) * 1980-01-31 1982-01-26 John F. Frank Surface treatment of paper webs
WO1983000766A1 (en) * 1981-08-17 1983-03-03 Gallagher, Terence, J. Identification card
EP0156463A1 (en) * 1984-02-07 1985-10-02 Unisys Corporation Protection of legal documents by reverse penetration

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE62053C (en) *
GB315528A (en) * 1928-05-26 1929-07-18 Waterlow And Sons Ltd Improvements in the printing of cheques and like documents
US3366531A (en) * 1964-01-14 1968-01-30 Philip H. Long Paper currency tapered in thickness
DE2511368A1 (en) * 1974-04-02 1975-10-16 Gao Ges Automation Org Tamper-proof identity card - has information recorded using photographic emulsion congruently through card thickness
DE2901150B1 (en) * 1979-01-12 1980-05-29 Gao Ges Automation Org An identity card with the reflected and transmitted light testable authenticity features and methods for their preparation
CA1116851A (en) * 1980-01-31 1982-01-26 John F. Frank Surface treatment of paper webs
WO1983000766A1 (en) * 1981-08-17 1983-03-03 Gallagher, Terence, J. Identification card
EP0156463A1 (en) * 1984-02-07 1985-10-02 Unisys Corporation Protection of legal documents by reverse penetration

Cited By (72)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5678863A (en) * 1992-07-24 1997-10-21 Portals Limited High value documents
WO1994002329A1 (en) * 1992-07-24 1994-02-03 Portals Limited Improvements in or relating to high value documents
WO1994020679A1 (en) * 1993-03-02 1994-09-15 Arjo Wiggins S.A. Security paper comprising localised areas with reduced thickness and opacity, and method for making same
US6402888B1 (en) 1993-03-02 2002-06-11 Arjo Wiggins Security paper comprising localized areas with reduced thickness and opacity, and method for making same
CN1098396C (en) * 1993-06-08 2003-01-08 东姆塔公司 Technology for making paper of securities
WO1994029105A1 (en) * 1993-06-08 1994-12-22 Domtar, Inc. Security paper with color mark
EP0628408A1 (en) * 1993-06-08 1994-12-14 Dragisa Andric Security paper with color mark
CN1053614C (en) * 1993-06-08 2000-06-21 东姆塔公司 Security paper with color mark
GB2283026A (en) * 1993-09-30 1995-04-26 Portals Ltd Improvement in security features for paper
GB2283026B (en) * 1993-09-30 1997-01-08 Portals Ltd Improvement in security features for paper
US7114750B1 (en) * 1995-11-29 2006-10-03 Graphic Security Systems Corporation Self-authenticating documents
EP0781669A3 (en) * 1995-12-27 1997-09-03 Walter Mantegazza Document with counterfeit- and forgery- preventing means particularly for security papers and the like
US5855989A (en) * 1995-12-27 1999-01-05 Mantegazza; Walter Document with anti-forgery and anti-falsification means
DE19781815B3 (en) * 1996-06-14 2012-12-27 De La Rue International Limited Safety device
WO1998003348A1 (en) * 1996-07-23 1998-01-29 Lean B.V. Method for protecting a paper security document or identification document
US6395191B1 (en) 1996-07-23 2002-05-28 Lean B.V. Method for protecting a paper security document or identification document
EP0930979A1 (en) 1996-10-10 1999-07-28 Securency Pty. Ltd. Self-verifying security documents
US6273473B1 (en) 1996-10-10 2001-08-14 Securency Pty Ltd Self-verifying security documents
EP1147912A2 (en) * 1996-10-10 2001-10-24 Securency Pty. Ltd. Security documents incorporating verification means
AU724868B2 (en) * 1996-10-10 2000-10-05 Securency Pty Ltd Security documents incorporating verification means
WO1998015418A1 (en) * 1996-10-10 1998-04-16 Securency Pty. Ltd. Self-verifying security documents
US6062604A (en) * 1996-10-10 2000-05-16 Securency Pty Ltd. Self-verifying security documents
US6467810B2 (en) 1996-10-10 2002-10-22 Securency Pty Ltd Self-verifying security documents
US6761377B2 (en) 1996-10-10 2004-07-13 Securency Pty Ltd Self-verifying security documents
US7040664B2 (en) 1996-10-10 2006-05-09 Securency Pty Ltd Self-verifying security documents
EP0930979B2 (en) 1996-10-10 2013-08-07 Innovia Security Pty Ltd Self-verifying security documents
EP1147912A3 (en) * 1996-10-10 2001-11-07 Securency Pty. Ltd. Security documents incorporating verification means
DE19729918B4 (en) * 1997-07-04 2010-07-01 Securency International Pty Ltd., Craigieburn Security and / or value document
DE19729918A1 (en) * 1997-07-04 1999-01-07 Bundesdruckerei Gmbh Security and / or valuable document
US7488002B2 (en) 1998-07-02 2009-02-10 Securency Pty Limited Security and/or value document
WO2000041159A1 (en) * 1999-01-08 2000-07-13 Ucb, S.A. Authentication means
EP1200273B1 (en) * 1999-07-28 2002-12-04 Koenig & Bauer Aktiengesellschaft Finishing method
US6581839B1 (en) 1999-09-07 2003-06-24 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Transaction card
US6764014B2 (en) 1999-09-07 2004-07-20 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Transaction card
US6749123B2 (en) 1999-09-07 2004-06-15 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Transaction card
US7377443B2 (en) 1999-09-07 2008-05-27 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Transaction card
US9811671B1 (en) 2000-05-24 2017-11-07 Copilot Ventures Fund Iii Llc Authentication method and system
US9363083B1 (en) 2000-05-24 2016-06-07 Copilot Ventures Fund Iii Llc Authentication method and system
US9886692B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2018-02-06 Chartoleaux Kg Limited Liability Company Securing a transaction between a transponder and a reader
WO2003101755A1 (en) 2002-05-31 2003-12-11 Ucb, S.A. Authentication means
WO2004009372A2 (en) 2002-07-19 2004-01-29 Arjo Wiggins Security Sas Recto/verso copy-protected security document
FR2842460A1 (en) 2002-07-19 2004-01-23 Arjo Wiggins Security document protected against duplex copy
WO2004009372A3 (en) * 2002-07-19 2004-04-08 Arjo Wiggins Security Sas Recto/verso copy-protected security document
US7883762B2 (en) 2002-07-19 2011-02-08 Arjowiggins Security Double sided printed security document
US9818249B1 (en) 2002-09-04 2017-11-14 Copilot Ventures Fund Iii Llc Authentication method and system
US8409705B2 (en) 2002-09-16 2013-04-02 D.W. Spinks (Embossing) Ltd. Rainbow fibres
EP2860311A1 (en) * 2002-09-16 2015-04-15 D W Spinks (Embossing) Ltd Rainbow fibres
US8158253B2 (en) 2002-09-16 2012-04-17 D W Spinks (Embossing) Ltd. Rainbow fibres
WO2004025028A1 (en) * 2002-09-16 2004-03-25 D W Spinks (Embossing) Ltd Rainbow fibres
WO2004056582A2 (en) 2002-12-19 2004-07-08 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Security element for valuable documents
EP1581397B2 (en) 2003-01-02 2015-11-11 Arjowiggins Security Sheet with an anticpopying, reduced opacity area
WO2004062941A1 (en) 2003-01-02 2004-07-29 Arjo Wiggins Security Sas Sheet with an anticpopying, reduced opacity area
WO2005047013A2 (en) 2003-11-04 2005-05-26 De La Rue International Limited Security device
US7434727B2 (en) 2004-06-17 2008-10-14 Kba-Giori S.A. Process and apparatus for providing markings security papers
CN101374676B (en) 2006-01-26 2011-03-23 德拉鲁国际有限公司 Security document
US8226125B2 (en) 2006-01-26 2012-07-24 De La Rue International Limited Security document
US8221586B2 (en) 2006-05-08 2012-07-17 De La Rue International Limited Security substrate comprising watermark
CN101437693B (en) 2006-05-08 2010-11-03 德拉鲁国际公司 Security substrate comprising watermark and security file
GB2437939A (en) * 2006-05-08 2007-11-14 Rue De Int Ltd Security substrates incorporating a watermark
GB2437939B (en) * 2006-05-08 2008-03-26 Rue De Int Ltd Improvements in security substrates
US8141908B2 (en) 2007-07-19 2012-03-27 De La Rue International Limited Security device and method
CN101795870B (en) * 2007-07-19 2013-10-30 德拉鲁国际有限公司 Security device and method
US8619244B2 (en) 2008-04-11 2013-12-31 Hid Global Gmbh Method of checking the authenticity of a document with a co-laminated fabric layer inside
FR2929965A1 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-10-16 Arjowiggins Licensing Soc Par Security sheet having a ribbon having a reduced operating area.
WO2009124898A1 (en) 2008-04-11 2009-10-15 Hid Global Gmbh A method of checking the authenticity of a document with a co-laminated fabric layer inside
WO2009136060A2 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-11-12 Arjowiggins Security Security sheet with a ribbon having a zone of reduced opacity
EP2109084A1 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-10-14 HID Global GmbH A method of checking the authenticity of a document with a co-laminated fabric layer inside
WO2009136060A3 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-12-30 Arjowiggins Security Security sheet with a ribbon having a zone of reduced opacity
EP2138318B2 (en) 2008-06-27 2015-11-18 Giesecke & Devrient GmbH Safety element with ducts and method for producing same
EP2559563A1 (en) 2011-08-18 2013-02-20 Polska Wytwornia Papierow Wartosciowych S.A. A security document with a see-through feature, and methods for manufacturing and authentication thereof
US10207532B2 (en) * 2014-07-30 2019-02-19 Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited Security document having a protected window and method for making the same
GB2547687A (en) * 2016-02-26 2017-08-30 De La Rue Int Ltd Methods of manufacturing security devices

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
HK94696A (en) 1996-06-07
DE69017242D1 (en) 1995-04-06
DE69017242T2 (en) 1995-06-29
GB8905471D0 (en) 1989-04-19
EP0388090B1 (en) 1995-03-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8534710B2 (en) Security element and method for manufacturing the same
DE69709142T3 (en) Self-checking safety document
EP1144201B1 (en) Security document with a perforation pattern
ES2205064T5 (en) Data support with optically variable element.
AU750857B2 (en) Security device
DE69429266T3 (en) Embroidered business complaints with features
CN1071634C (en) Banknotes incorporating security devices
US8141908B2 (en) Security device and method
EP2273456B1 (en) Security element
AU2003266829B2 (en) Embossed optically variable devices
JP2005062838A (en) Vacuum roll covering forgery preventive thin-film interference product having overt and/or covert patterned layer
CA1221123A (en) Document of value
US8449969B2 (en) Security element for security papers and valuable documents
RU2255000C1 (en) Protective element
EP0993379B1 (en) Security and/or value document
KR0174285B1 (en) Method for making an anti-counterfeit latent image formation object for bills, credit cards etc
ES2311107T5 (en) Security paper
FI119852B (en) Security paper and security element embedded in security paper
JP2004508226A (en) Valuable documents
US5093184A (en) Security paper with metallic patterned elongated security element
JP4493004B2 (en) Security element and method for producing the same
EP1893416B2 (en) Security document
CN101680978B (en) Indicator and information printed matter
TWI419799B (en) Security device formed by printing with special effect inks
US5735547A (en) Anti-photographic/photocopy imaging process and product made by same

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): CH DE FR GB IT LI NL SE

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19901221

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: THOMAS DE LA RUE & COMPANY LIMITED

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: THOMAS DE LA RUE & COMPANY LIMITED

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: THOMAS DE LA RUE & COMPANY LIMITED

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 19921016

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): CH DE FR GB IT LI NL SE

ITF It: translation for a ep patent filed

Owner name: JACOBACCI & PERANI S.P.A.

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 69017242

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 19950406

ET Fr: translation filed
26 Opposition filed

Opponent name: ARJO WIGGINS S.A.

Effective date: 19951219

NLR1 Nl: opposition has been filed with the epo

Opponent name: ARJO WIGGINS S.A.

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: PFA

Free format text: THOMAS DE LA RUE & COMPANY LIMITED TRANSFER- THOMAS DE LA RUE LIMITED * THOMAS DE LA RUE LIMITED -DANN IN- DE LA RUE INTERNATIONAL LIMITED

NLT1 Nl: modifications of names registered in virtue of documents presented to the patent office pursuant to art. 16 a, paragraph 1

Owner name: DE LA RUE INTERNATIONAL LIMITED;DE LA RUE INTERNAT

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: CA

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: CD

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: IF02

R26D Opposition deemed not to have been filed (corr.)

Opponent name: ARJO WIGGINS S.A.

Effective date: 19960203

NLR1 Nl: opposition has been filed with the epo

Opponent name: ARJO WIGGINS S.A.

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: PCAR

Free format text: ISLER & PEDRAZZINI AG;POSTFACH 1772;8027 ZUERICH (CH)

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: NL

Payment date: 20090303

Year of fee payment: 20

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: GB

Payment date: 20090304

Year of fee payment: 20

Ref country code: CH

Payment date: 20090317

Year of fee payment: 20

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: SE

Payment date: 20090306

Year of fee payment: 20

Ref country code: IT

Payment date: 20090320

Year of fee payment: 20

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20090306

Year of fee payment: 20

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 20090316

Year of fee payment: 20

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: PL

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: NL

Ref legal event code: V4

Effective date: 20100309

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: PE20

Expiry date: 20100308

EUG Se: european patent has lapsed
PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: GB

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF EXPIRATION OF PROTECTION

Effective date: 20100308

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: NL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF EXPIRATION OF PROTECTION

Effective date: 20100309

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: DE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF EXPIRATION OF PROTECTION

Effective date: 20100309