DE4437360A1 - Travel guide with GPS signal receiver - Google Patents

Travel guide with GPS signal receiver

Info

Publication number
DE4437360A1
DE4437360A1 DE19944437360 DE4437360A DE4437360A1 DE 4437360 A1 DE4437360 A1 DE 4437360A1 DE 19944437360 DE19944437360 DE 19944437360 DE 4437360 A DE4437360 A DE 4437360A DE 4437360 A1 DE4437360 A1 DE 4437360A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
guide
cd
aps
rom
tourist information
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE19944437360
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Astrid Feltes
Stefan Dr Ing Foerster
Original Assignee
Astrid Feltes
Stefan Dr Ing Foerster
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Astrid Feltes, Stefan Dr Ing Foerster filed Critical Astrid Feltes
Priority to DE19944437360 priority Critical patent/DE4437360A1/en
Publication of DE4437360A1 publication Critical patent/DE4437360A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F27/00Combined visual and audible advertising or displaying, e.g. for public address
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C21/00Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in preceding groups G01C1/00-G01C19/00
    • G01C21/26Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in preceding groups G01C1/00-G01C19/00 specially adapted for navigation in a road network
    • G01C21/34Route searching; Route guidance
    • G01C21/36Input/output arrangements for on-board computers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/38Determining a navigation solution using signals transmitted by a satellite radio beacon positioning system
    • G01S19/39Determining a navigation solution using signals transmitted by a satellite radio beacon positioning system the satellite radio beacon positioning system transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/42Determining position
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/0962Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions having an indicator mounted inside the vehicle, e.g. giving voice messages
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B29/00Maps; Plans; Charts; Diagrams, e.g. route diagram
    • G09B29/003Maps
    • G09B29/006Representation of non-cartographic information on maps, e.g. population distribution, wind direction, radiation levels, air and sea routes
    • G09B29/008Touring maps or guides to public transport networks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B29/00Maps; Plans; Charts; Diagrams, e.g. route diagram
    • G09B29/10Map spot or coordinate position indicators; Map reading aids
    • G09B29/106Map spot or coordinate position indicators; Map reading aids using electronic means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/0962Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions having an indicator mounted inside the vehicle, e.g. giving voice messages
    • G08G1/0968Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle
    • G08G1/096805Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle where the transmitted instructions are used to compute a route
    • G08G1/096827Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle where the transmitted instructions are used to compute a route where the route is computed onboard

Abstract

The travel guide, e.g. a town guide, travel guide for given regions and countries, eating - and hotel-guide, disco guide or museum guide, has tourist information outputted with the aid of an automatic procedure for providing absolute positional information (e.g. via a GPS and APS (auto-pilot-system) in the vicinity of the location, via a speech or music output device. A CD-ROM is used for storing information, country maps, street maps and town layouts as well as tourist information.

Description

Stand der Technik State of the art

Die aktuelle Standortbestimmung von bewegten Objekten (Kraftfahrzeugen) kann mit Hilfe von Navigationssatelliten erfolgen, die dauernd GPS-Signale (GPS = Global positioning system) aussenden. The current positioning of moving objects (vehicles) can be effected by means of navigation satellites that permanently GPS signals (GPS = Global Positioning System) send out. Diese werden von Satellitenantennen empfangen und vom GPS-Empfänger ausgewertet. These are received by satellite antennas and evaluated by the GPS receiver. Als Positionsdaten werden sie in einem Display angezeigt. As position data to be displayed in a display. Die Messung der Entfernung zu mindestens vier Satelliten ermöglicht die Bestimmung der benötigten Raumkoordinaten des Fahrzeugs mit einer Genauigkeit von 100 bis 200 m. The measurement of the distance to at least four satellites allows the determination of the required space coordinates of the vehicle with an accuracy of 100 to 200 m. In der Stadt sind diese Angaben zur Lagebestimmung jedoch nicht ausreichend. In the city but this information is not sufficient for determining the position. Hinzu kommt die Schwierigkeit, in Straßenschluchten die benötigten vier Satelliten nicht immer empfangen zu können. Add to that the difficulty of the required four satellites to be able to not always received in urban canyons.

Gemäß dem Stand der Technik können die angezeigten Fehlerwerte durch einen Referenz-GPS- Empfänger, dessen Lage bekannt ist, bis zu einer Genauigkeit von etwa 3-5 m korrigiert werden. According to the prior art, the error displayed values ​​by a reference GPS receiver whose location is known, to an accuracy of about 3-5 m corrected. Die Datenübertragung geschieht durch Rundfunk (RDS-Empfänger). The data transmission is done by broadcasting (RDS) receiver.

Eine weitere Möglichkeit, die Genauigkeit der Messung zu erhöhen, gibt es mittels Vergleich mit einer digitalisierten Straßenkarte. Another way to increase the accuracy of the measurement, there is by comparison with a digitized road map. Hierbei werden die empfangenen GPS-Lagedaten mit der auf CD-ROM gespeicherten Straßenkarte verglichen und an den GPS-Empfänger zurückgeleitet, der die berichtigten Positionsdaten anzeigt. Here, the received GPS location data is compared with the information stored on CD-ROM road map and returned to the GPS receiver which displays the corrected position data.

Nach dem Stand der Technik ist es ferner möglich, Kartenmaterial mit unterschiedlichen Maßstäben mit dem GPS-Empfänger zu korrelieren, so daß bei Bedarf - etwa in stadtischen Ballungsräumen - Karten mit größerer Auflösung vorliegen. According to the prior art, it is also possible to correlate maps at different scales with the GPS receiver, so that if necessary - be cards with higher resolution - for example in urban agglomerations.

In Kürze kommen Navigationsgeräte in Kraftfahrzeugen auf den Markt, die im Rahmen eines Verkehrsleitsystem benutzt werden. Shortly navigation devices come in motor vehicles on the market that are used as part of a traffic control system. Dieses Auto-Pilot-System (APS) kann dem Fahrer eine optimale, zeitsparende Route ausrechnen und ihn zu seinem gewünschten Ziel lotsen. This auto-pilot system (APS) the driver can calculate an optimum, time-saving route and guide him to his desired destination. Auf einem Display wird ein Richtungspfeil für die nächste Straßenkreuzung oder -gabelung angezeigt und eine Computerstimme gibt Anweisungen, wann man demnächst abbiegen soll. On a display a directional arrow for the next intersection or -gabelung is displayed and a computer voice gives instructions on when to turn on to. Gekoppelt ist das Bedienungsteil (Display) mit dem Stereo-Autoradio mit Rundfunk-Daten-Signal-Empfänger und CD-Wiedergabe. Coupled is the operating part (display) with the stereo car radio with radio data signal receiver and CD playback.

Vorteile der Erfindung Advantages of the Invention

Die Aufgabe dieser Erfindung besteht darin, einen ortsgesteuerten Reiseführer zu ermöglichen, der aus einer CD-ROM und einem Begleitbuch besteht und dessen Sprachausgabe automatisch betätigt wird, sobald man sich bestimmten Sehenswürdigkeiten nähert. The object of this invention is to provide a position-controlled travel guide, consisting of a CD-ROM and an accompanying book and whose speech is automatically activated as soon as you approach certain attractions. Zudem soll eine Datenbank mit touristischen Informationen zur Verfügung gestellt werden, die einen schnellen Zugriff zu gewünschten Daten (etwa Hotels, Restaurants, Discos, Notdienste, Museen, Freizeiteinrichtungen und ähnliches) ermöglicht. In addition, a database should be provided with tourist information available that allows quick access to desired data (such as hotels, restaurants, discos, emergency services, museums, recreational facilities and the like).

Da die technischen Einrichtungen (GPS-Systeme, mobile CD-ROM-Laufwerke, Sprach- und Musikausgabe) bereits bestehen und Firmen APS-Produkte zur Navigation von Kraftfahrzeugen bereits anbieten, muß nur noch die entsprechende CD-ROM mit einem Begleitbuch ausgearbeitet werden. Since the technical equipment (GPS systems, mobile CD-ROM drives, speech and music output) already exist and companies already offer APS products for navigation of automobiles, the appropriate CD-ROM only needs to be worked out with a companion book. Zugrunde liegt somit eine bestehende CD-ROM mit digitalisierter Straßenkarte, die um touristische Informationen erweitert wird. Basis is therefore an existing CD-ROM with digitized road map, which will be expanded to include tourist information. Zum einen benötigt die Straßenkarte viel Speicherplatz, zum anderen erfordern die gewünschten touristischen Informationen, also die Sounddatei mit gesprochenem Wort und Musiksequenzen, zusätzlichen Speicherplatz. First, the road map requires a lot of memory, on the other hand require the desired tourist information, so the sound file with the spoken word and music sequences, extra storage. Eine Möglichkeit zur Reduzierung des benötigten Speicherplatzes besteht durch die Verwendung von reduzierten Land- und Straßenkarten, die sich auf die touristisch interessanten Routen beschränken. One way to reduce the required memory space is reduced through the use of maps and road maps, which are limited to the tourist attractions routes.

Die Sprach- und Musikausgabe schaltet sich dann ein, sobald man sich in einer bestimmten Position befindet, also in der Nähe einer Sehenswürdigkeit (z. B. Museum, Kirche, Schloß). The speech and music output will switch on as soon as you are in a specific location, so near a place of interest (z. B. museum, church, castle). Auslöser sind die aktuellen Raumkoordinaten, die z. Are triggered by the current space coordinates z. B. ein GPS-Empfänger oder das APS-System ermittelt. B. determines a GPS receiver or the APS system. Es können somit gezielt Datenspeicher mit Sprach- und Musiksequenzen während der Fahrt automatisch ausgelöst werden. It is thus targeted data storage are triggered automatically with voice and music sequences while driving. Die Sprach- oder Musikausgabe erfolgt über das Auto-Pilot-System oder über ein Sondergerät. The voice or music output via the auto-pilot system or via a special device. Da das Kartenmaterial mit unterschiedlichem Maßstab auf die CD gespeichert ist, können touristisch relevante Städte und Regionen mit größerer Auflösung verwendet werden. Since the maps are stored on a different scale to the CD, tourism related cities and regions can be used with greater resolution. Als Zusatzfunktion wird eine Datenbank angelegt, die eine beliebige Abfrage touristischer Informationen ermöglicht: z. As an added feature, a database is created, which allows any query tourist information: z. B. Restaurants und Hotels unterschiedlicher Kategorien, Freizeiteinrichtungen, Museen verschiedener Ausrichtung usw. As restaurants and hotels of different categories, recreational facilities, museums of different orientation, etc.

Beschreibung der Zeichnung Description of the Drawing

Das Ausführungsbeispiel eines Ablaufs in Kombination mit einem APS-System ist in der Zeichnung skizziert. The embodiment of a process in combination with an APS system is outlined in the drawing.

Zu Beginn der Fahrt (A) etwa durch Stuttgart, wird die CD durch Einschalten aktiviert. At the beginning of the journey (A) for example by Stuttgart, the CD is activated by switching. In dem Begleitbuch wird die gewünschte Zielroute oder das Fahrtziel, dh der Zielort (Z) mit Straßenname und Straßennummer nachgeschlagen. In the accompanying book the desired target route or the destination, that is, looked up the destination (Z) with street name and street number. Man erhält einen bestimmten Code, etwa 1253, der über die APS- Tastatur eingegeben wird. This gives a certain code, such as 1253, which is entered via the keyboard APS. Durch die Startmeldung des Benutzers wird die Sprachausgabe betätigt und meldet das OK. By the start message, the user's voice output is activated and signals the OK.

Während der Fahrt (B) zeigt das System über das Display Richtungspfeile an: ↑ (geradeaus fahren) oder → oder ← (nach rechts/links fahren). During the trip, (B) the system via the display direction arrows indicates: ↑ (straight ahead) or → or ← (right / left drive). Gleichzeitig meldet die Sprachausgabe: Bei der nächsten Straßenkreuzung fahren Sie bitte geradeaus/rechts/links (Verkehrsleitsysteme von Bosch, Philips, Nissan, Sony). At the same time the voice output reports: At the next crossroads drive straight / right / left (traffic control systems from Bosch, Philips, Nissan, Sony).

Sobald man in die Nähe einer prägnanten Sehenswürdigkeit (C) kommt, etwa der Stuttgarter Staatsgalerie, meldet die Sprachausgabe: Sie befinden sich an der berühmten Stuttgarter Staatsgalerie mit dem postmodernen Erweiterungsbau von James Stirling. Once you get into the vicinity of a striking sight (C), such as the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, the voice output reports: You are on the famous Stuttgart Staatsgalerie with the postmodern extension of James Stirling. Es folgen Erläuterungen zu diesem architektonischen Glanzstück und seinen Exponaten. The following are explanations of this architectural masterpiece and its exhibits. Die Fahrt kann bei Belieben unterbrochen werden. The trip can be interrupted at will. Ruft man etwa ein Restaurant der gewünschten Kategorie in der Datenbank auf, wird die Sprachausgabe eingeschaltet, sobald sich das Fahrzeug dem Punkt D nähert: Zu Ihrer Linken befindet sich ein Restaurant für den Feinschmecker, das vor allem für seine . If you call about a restaurant the desired category in the database, the voice output is switched on when the vehicle is approaching the point D: To your left is a restaurant for the gourmet, which is primarily for his. . , . , berühmt ist (kulinarische Empfehlung und Preisbeispiel). is famous (culinary recommendation and price example).

Kommt man etwa an einer Baustelle (E) vorbei, meldet sich das System: Achtung Baustelle, Straße ist gesperrt. to get around at a construction site (E) over, the system reports: Warning construction site road is closed. Die Information für eine gezielte Verkehrsumleitung erhält das APS-System entweder über Rundfunk oder durch stationäre Datenübertragungseinrichtungen, z. The information for a specific traffic redirection the APS system is obtained either by radio or by means of stationary data transmission devices, such. B. an Ampelanlagen. As at traffic lights.

Ausführungsbeispiel in Kombination mit einem tragbaren Gerät. Embodiment in combination with a portable device.

Ein ortsgesteuerter Reiseführer kann ebenso in Stand-alone-Systemen betrieben werden, die unabhängig von Kraftfahrzeugen betrieben werden. A local guide can be controlled as operated in stand-alone systems, which are operated independently of motor vehicles. Diese sind derzeit noch nicht am Markt erhältlich. These are not currently available on the market. Sie könnten wie folgt aussehen: Ein tragbares System bestehend aus GPS-Empfänger, einem CD-ROM-Lautwerk und einem Gerät zur Sprach- und Musikausgabe. They might look like this: A portable system consisting of GPS receiver, a CD-ROM drive and a sound device for music and speech output. Ähnlich wie ein Walkman können die touristischen Informationen bei Reisen zu Fuß, in der Bann etc. abgerufen werden. Much like a Walkman tourist information can when traveling on foot, be viewed in the spell etc.

Claims (4)

1. Touristische Informationen, z. 1. Tourist information, such. B. Stadtführer, Reiseführer zu bestimmten Regionen und Ländern, Gastronomie- und Hotelführer, Discoführer oder Museumsführer, werden mit Hilfe eines automatischen Verfahrens zur absoluten Ortsinformation (z. B. über GPS- oder APS-Systeme) in der Nähe dieser Orte über eine Sprach- oder Musikausgabeeinrichtung ausgegeben. As city guide, guide at certain regions and countries, catering and hotel guide, Disco leader or museum guide, be by means of an automatic procedure for the absolute location information (eg., Via GPS or APS systems) in the vicinity of the places via a voice - or music output device output.
2. Das Produkt ist gekennzeichnet durch eine CD-ROM und ein Begleitbuch. 2. The product is characterized by a CD-ROM and a companion book. Die CD-ROM enthält Landkarten, Straßenkarten und Stadtpläne sowie touristische Informationen. The CD-ROM contains maps, road maps and city maps and tourist information.
3. Das Produkt kann so ausgeführt werden, daß es in Kombination mit einem APS-System betrieben wird. 3. The product can be carried out so that it is used in combination with an APS system. Hierzu wird die Original-CD des APS-Systems ausgetauscht mit der neuen CD, die zusätzlich touristische Informationen enthält. For this, the original CD of the GSP system is replaced with the new CD, which also contains tourist information. Die Art der Codierung der Landkarte, dh die Software, entspricht dem Standard, mit dem die APS-Systeme arbeiten. The type of coding the map, that the software meets the standard by which the APS-systems work. Das APS-System wird neben der Navigation nun zusätzlich auch touristische Informationen ausgeben. The APS system is now additionally also output tourist information next to the navigation. Die Sprach- und Musikausgabe erfolgt entweder über ein APS-System oder über ein angekoppeltes Autoradio. The speech and music output is either an APS system or via a coupled car radio.
4. Die CD-ROM kann ebenso in einem mobilen Gerät betrieben werden, das nicht an das Auto gebunden ist. 4. The CD-ROM can also be operated in a mobile device that is not tied to the car. Ein solches Gerät verfügt somit über einen GPS-Empfänger, ein CD-ROM-Laufwerk und eine Musik- und Sprachausgabe. Thus, such a device has a GPS receiver, a CD-ROM drive and a music and speech. Touristische Informationen können z. Tourist information for can. B. Fußgängern oder Reisenden in Zügen ebenso automatisch beim Erreichen der Sehenswürdigkeit ausgegeben werden. As pedestrians or passengers are also automatically displayed in trains on reaching the landmark.
DE19944437360 1994-10-19 1994-10-19 Travel guide with GPS signal receiver Withdrawn DE4437360A1 (en)

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