DE4032927A1 - Motor vehicle driver's vision enhancement by IR imaging - involves head=up display virtual image converted from reflection of IR component of headlamp emission - Google Patents

Motor vehicle driver's vision enhancement by IR imaging - involves head=up display virtual image converted from reflection of IR component of headlamp emission

Info

Publication number
DE4032927A1
DE4032927A1 DE19904032927 DE4032927A DE4032927A1 DE 4032927 A1 DE4032927 A1 DE 4032927A1 DE 19904032927 DE19904032927 DE 19904032927 DE 4032927 A DE4032927 A DE 4032927A DE 4032927 A1 DE4032927 A1 DE 4032927A1
Authority
DE
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
ir
driver
motor vehicle
reflection
headlamp
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
DE19904032927
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
DE4032927C2 (en )
Inventor
Frieder Heizmann
Christian Dipl Ing Lietar
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Robert Bosch GmbH
Original Assignee
Robert Bosch GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S17/00Systems using the reflection or reradiation of electromagnetic waves other than radio waves, e.g. lidar systems
    • G01S17/88Lidar systems specially adapted for specific applications
    • G01S17/93Lidar systems specially adapted for specific applications for anti-collision purposes
    • G01S17/936Lidar systems specially adapted for specific applications for anti-collision purposes between land vehicles; between land vehicles and fixed obstacles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K35/00Arrangement of adaptations of instruments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q1/00Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices
    • B60Q1/02Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments
    • B60Q1/04Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments the devices being headlights
    • B60Q1/14Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments the devices being headlights having dimming means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/01Head-up displays
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N7/00Television systems
    • H04N7/18Closed circuit television systems, i.e. systems in which the signal is not broadcast
    • H04N7/183Closed circuit television systems, i.e. systems in which the signal is not broadcast for receiving images from a single remote source
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2300/00Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle
    • B60R2300/10Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the type of camera system used
    • B60R2300/106Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the type of camera system used using night vision cameras
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2300/00Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle
    • B60R2300/20Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the type of display used
    • B60R2300/205Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the type of display used using a head-up display
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2300/00Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle
    • B60R2300/80Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the intended use of the viewing arrangement
    • B60R2300/8053Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the intended use of the viewing arrangement for bad weather conditions or night vision
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/01Head-up displays
    • G02B27/0101Head-up displays characterised by optical features
    • G02B2027/0138Head-up displays characterised by optical features comprising image capture systems, e.g. camera
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/30Transforming light or analogous information into electric information
    • H04N5/33Transforming infra-red radiation

Abstract

The range of vision of the driver (17) is extended by an IR sensitive camera (14) connected to a display device (16) which projects the image onto the windscreen. The driver sees simultaneously and uninterruptedly the areas served by the fog lamps (11) and the IR camera (14). For good superposition of the virtual and real images, the camera should be mounted close to the driver's eyes, e.g. on the internal rear-view mirror. Halogen lamp emission contains a sufficient IR component. USE/ADVANTAGE - IR vision system for car driver. Safety, esp. in fog, is enhanced without additional dazzle of oncoming drivers.

Description

Stand der Technik State of the art

Die Erfindung geht aus von einer Vorrichtung zur Verbesserung der Sichtverhältnisse in einem Kraftfahrzeug nach der Gattung des Haupt anspruchs. The invention proceeds from a device for improving the visibility conditions in a motor vehicle according to the preamble of the main claim. Aus der DE-OS 38 32 720 ist eine Abstandsmeßeinrichtung zur berührungslosen Abstands- und Winkelerkennung von Gegenständen, insbesondere im Nahbereich von Kraftfahrzeugen bekannt, bei der die Abstandsmeßeinrichtung auf einem Ultraschallverfahren beruht, während die Winkelerkennung ein Infrarotverfahren verwendet. From DE-OS 38 32 720, a distance measuring device for contactless distance and angle detection of objects, in particular in the vicinity of motor vehicles is known, wherein the distance measuring device is based on an ultrasonic method, while the angle detection using an infrared method. Die bekannte Vorrichtung weist gegenüber der menschlichen Wahrnehmung den Vorteil auf, daß selbst bei ungünstigen Sichtverhältnissen für einen Fahrer des Kraftfahrzeugs, insbesondere bei Nebel, jeweils Meßwerte erhalten werden. The known device has in relation to the human perception to the advantage that even under unfavorable visibility for a driver of the motor vehicle, in particular in fog, in each case measured values ​​are obtained. Dieser Vorteil wird dadurch erreicht, daß insbesondere die Infrarotstrahlung durch Nebel weniger gedämpft wird als der sichtbare Strahlungsbereich. This advantage is achieved that in particular the infrared radiation by fog is less attenuated than the visible radiation range. Zur Anzeige der erfaßten Meß werte ist beispielsweise ein graphikfähiger Bildschirm vorgesehen, der die Umgebung des Kraftfahrzeugs darstellt und gegebenenfalls Meßwerte einblendet. To display the measured values ​​detected a graphics capable display is provided, for example, representing the surroundings of the motor vehicle and optionally fades measured values.

Eine andere Anzeigevorrichtung, die Anwendung in Kraftfahrzeugen findet, ist aus der DE-OS 38 22 222 bekannt, die eine Einrichtung für Head-up-Displays in Kraftfahrzeugen beschreibt. Another display device which finds application in motor vehicles, is 38 22 222 known from DE-OS, which describes a device for head-up displays in automobiles. Ein Head-up-Dis play spiegelt bildhaft dargestellte Anzeigemuster in das Sichtfeld des Fahrers. A head-up display reflects Dis play pattern pictorially represented in the field of view of the driver. Dabei werden auf einen Teil der Windschutzscheibe, der im Sichtfeld des Fahrers liegt, Meß- oder Warnsignale eingeblendet. In this case be a part of the windscreen, which is in the field of view of the driver appears measuring or warning signals. Zur Überlagerung des virtuellen Bildes, das aus den Anzeigenele menten gebildet wird, mit dem tatsächlichen Bild der äußeren Land schaft ist beispielsweise ein teildurchlässiger Spiegel vorgesehen, wobei die Reflexion an der Windschutzscheibe ausgenutzt werden kann oder eine vor der Windschutzscheibe stehende zusätzliche Scheibe (Combiner) benutzt werden kann. For superimposing the virtual image is formed from the indica elements, with the actual image of the outer land a partially transparent mirror in which the reflection can be exploited on the windshield or standing in front of the windshield additional disc (combiner) is shaft provided, for example, used can be.

Der erfindungsgemäßen Vorrichtung liegt die Aufgabe zugrunde, die Sichtverhältnisse, insbesondere bei Nebel, zu verbessern. The device of the invention has the object to improve the visibility, especially in fog.

Diese Aufgabe wird durch die im Hauptanspruch angegebenen Merkmale gelöst. This object is achieved by the features specified in the main claim.

Vorteile der Erfindung Advantages of the Invention

Die erfindungsgemäße Vorrichtung weist den Vorteil auf, daß die Ver kehrssicherheit durch eine Vergrößerung des Sichtbereichs erhöht wird. The inventive device has the advantage that the traffic safety Ver is increased by an enlargement of the view area. Innerhalb des Sichtbereichs und zumindest innerhalb eines be stimmten Blickwinkels, der von der erfindungsgemäßen Vorrichtung er faßt wird, wird der Straßenraum oder die äußere Landschaft nahezu vollständig gesehen. Within the field of view and at least within a viewing angle be voted to which it is handled by the inventive device, the road space, or the outer landscape is almost completely seen.

Die Auswertung eines erfaßten Bildes erfolgt durch den Fahrer des Kraftfahrzeugs, ohne daß eine aufwendige Signalverarbeitung not wendig wäre. The evaluation of an image detected by the driver of the vehicle without any complicated signal processing would not agile.

Die erfindungsgemäße Vorrichtung weist ferner den Vorteil auf, daß keine zusätzliche Blendung anderer Verkehrsteilnehmer auftritt. The inventive device further has the advantage that no additional dazzling of other road users occurs.

Vorteilhafte Weiterbildungen und Verbesserungen der erfindungsge mäßen Vorrichtung ergeben sich aus Unteransprüchen und werden in der folgenden Beschreibung näher erläutert. Advantageous developments and improvements of the erfindungsge MAESSEN device result from subclaims and will be explained in more detail in the following description.

Zeichnung drawing

Eine erfindungsgemäße Vorrichtung zur Verbesserung der Sichtver hältnisse in einem Kraftfahrzeug ist in der Figur dargestellt. An inventive device for improving the clear line of sight ratios in a motor vehicle is shown in the figure.

In der Figur ist ein Kraftfahrzeug 10 gezeigt, dessen Scheinwerfer und/oder Nebelscheinwerfer 11 den vor dem Fahrzeug 10 liegenden Sichtbereich 12 bestrahlen. In the figure, a motor vehicle is shown 10, 11 irradiate the headlights and / or fog lights the field of view ahead of the vehicle 10 12th Die Grenzen 13 der von den Scheinwerfern 11 ausgehenden Strahlung sind in der Figur strichliniert mit kurzen Strichen eingetragen. The boundaries 13 of the outgoing radiation from the headlights 11 are in the Figure by dashed lines with short strokes entered. Die Strahlung der Scheinwerfer 11 enthält einen Infrarotstrahlungsanteil, der von einer im Fahrzeug 10 ange ordneten infrarotempfindlichen Kamera 14 erfaßt wird. The radiation of the headlight 11 includes an infrared radiation component, which is detected by a vehicle 10 is in the infrared-sensitive camera positioned fourteenth Die Grenzen 15 der von der Kamera 14 erfaßten Strahlung sind in der Figur strich liniert mit langen Strichen eingetragen. The boundaries 15 of the radiation detected by the camera 14 are lined in the figure underlined with long strokes entered. Das von der Kamera 14 ab gegebene Bild ist einer Anzeigevorrichtung 16 zugeführt, die das Bild der Kamera 14 als virtuelles Bild dem Bild der äußeren Land schaft visuell überlagert. The starting given from the camera 14 is supplied to a display device 16, superimposed on the image of the camera 14 as a virtual image to the image of the outer shaft country visually.

Mit der erfindungsgemäßen Vorrichtung sieht der Fahrer 17 gleich zeitig und ununterbrochen den Sichtbereich 12 soweit wie möglich direkt mit der sichtbaren Strahlung und den entfernteren Straßen raum, der beispielsweise in Nebel gehüllt ist, mit Hilfe der von der Kamera 14 erfaßten Infrarotstrahlung. With the inventive device, the driver 17 sees at the same time and continuously the viewing area 12 as much as possible directly to the visible radiation and the more distant road space, which is wrapped, for example in fog, with the aid of infrared radiation detected by the camera fourteenth Die Auswertung der über lagerten Bilder erfolgt ausschließlich durch einen Fahrer 17 , wobei keine weitere Signalverarbeitung nötig ist. The evaluation of the superimposed images is carried out exclusively by a driver 17, and no further signal processing is necessary.

Um eine gute Überlagerung des virtuellen Bildes mit dem tatsäch lichen Bild der äußeren Landschaft zu erhalten, sollte die Infrarot kamera 14 möglichst in Augennähe des Fahrers 17 , beispielsweise bei einem Rückspiegel des Kraftfahrzeugs 10 angeordnet sein. In order to obtain a good superposition of the virtual image with the true and image of the external landscape, the infrared camera 14 should be disposed near the eyes of the driver 17, for example when a rearview mirror of vehicle 10 as possible. Anderer seits sollte das optische System, das die Kamera 14 und die Anzeige vorrichtung 16 enthält, so ausgelegt sein, daß ein Betrachtungs winkel α der sichtbar gemachten Infrarotaufnahme der äußeren Land schaft dem Betrachtungswinkel β des direkt betrachteten Sichtbe - reichs 12 entsprechen. Be designed the other hand, should the optical system, the device, the camera 14 and the display 16 includes, so that a viewing angle α of the visualized infrared photograph of the outer land shank the viewing angle β of the directly viewed Sichtbe - 12 correspond to the kingdom. Weiterhin sollte die Darstellung der Infra rotaufnahme vor den Augen so weit entfernt sein, daß beim Betrachten keine Akkommodation nötig ist. Furthermore, the presentation of the Infra should rotaufnahme be so far away from the eyes that no accommodation is needed when viewing. Als Anzeigevorrichtung ist ein be kanntes Head-up-Display vorgesehen. As a display device be kanntes head-up display is provided.

Der Infrarotstrahlungsanteil der derzeit verwendeten Glühlampen, gegebenenfalls mit Halogenzusatz, ist für die Bestrahlung des Sicht bereichs 12 ausreichend. The infrared portion of the light bulbs currently in use, with or without halogen additive, is for the irradiation of the visual range 12 sufficient. Die in Zukunft gegebenenfalls vorgesehenen Entladungslampen weisen ein in Richtung auf kürzere Wellenlängen hin verschobenes Spektrum auf, so daß gegebenenfalls zusätzliche Infrarotstrahler erforderlich werden. The optionally provided in future discharge lamps have a down-shifted toward shorter wavelengths range, so that, where appropriate, additional infrared radiators are required. Eine zusätzliche Blendung ent gegenkommender Fahrer von Kraftfahrzeugen tritt nicht auf. An additional ent glare coming against drivers of vehicles not occur.

Claims (4)

1. Vorrichtung zur Verbesserung der Sichtverhältnisse in einem Kraftfahrzeug, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß zur Bestrahlung des von einem Fahrer ( 17 ) erfaßten Sichtbereichs ( 12 ) in Fahrtrichtung wenigstens eine Strahlungsquelle ( 11 ) mit einem Infrarotstrahlungs anteil vorgesehen ist, daß eine infrarotempfindliche Kamera ( 14 ) den Sichtbereich ( 12 ) wenigstens näherungsweise unter einem gleichen Blickwinkel wie der Fahrer ( 17 ) aufnimmt, und daß eine Anzeigevor richtung ( 16 ) vorgesehen ist, die das Bild der Kamera ( 17 ) als virtuelles Bild dem Bild der äußeren Landschaft visuell überlagert. 1. Device for improving visibility in a motor vehicle, characterized in that detected for the irradiation of by a driver (17) viewing area (12) in the direction of travel at least one radiation source (11) is provided with an infrared radiation provided proportion that an infrared-sensitive camera (14 ) receiving the viewing area (12) at least approximately at a same angle as the driver (17), and that a Anzeigevor device (16) is provided which superimposes the image of the camera (17) as a virtual image to the image of the external landscape visually.
2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß als Infrarotstrahlungsquelle ( 11 ) die vorhandenen Schweinwerfer des Kraftfahrzeugs ( 10 ) vorgesehen sind. 2. Device according to claim 2, characterized in that the infrared radiation source (11) are provided, the existing headlight of the motor vehicle (10).
3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß als Infrarotstrahlungsquelle ( 11 ) spezielle Infrarotstrahler vorgesehen sind. 3. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that the infrared radiation source (11) special infrared radiators are provided.
4. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kamera ( 17 ) bei einem Rückspiegel des Kraft fahrzeugs ( 10 ) angeordnet ist. 4. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the camera (17) is arranged at a rear-view mirror of the motor vehicle (10).
DE19904032927 1990-10-17 1990-10-17 Expired - Fee Related DE4032927C2 (en)

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