DE202012002207U1 - Device having at least one rotor-stator arrangement of an energy converter - Google Patents

Device having at least one rotor-stator arrangement of an energy converter

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Publication number
DE202012002207U1
DE202012002207U1 DE201220002207 DE202012002207U DE202012002207U1 DE 202012002207 U1 DE202012002207 U1 DE 202012002207U1 DE 201220002207 DE201220002207 DE 201220002207 DE 202012002207 U DE202012002207 U DE 202012002207U DE 202012002207 U1 DE202012002207 U1 DE 202012002207U1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
rotor
stator
energy converter
energy
carrier
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
DE201220002207
Other languages
German (de)
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PERMOTORS GMBH, AT
Original Assignee
Viktor Arestov
Edvid Linevich
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Viktor Arestov, Edvid Linevich filed Critical Viktor Arestov
Priority to DE201220002207 priority Critical patent/DE202012002207U1/en
Publication of DE202012002207U1 publication Critical patent/DE202012002207U1/en
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/06Means for converting reciprocating motion into rotary motion or vice versa
    • H02K7/061Means for converting reciprocating motion into rotary motion or vice versa using rotary unbalanced masses
    • H02K7/063Means for converting reciprocating motion into rotary motion or vice versa using rotary unbalanced masses integrally combined with motor parts, e.g. motors with eccentric rotors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/18Structural association of electric generators with mechanical driving motors, e.g. turbine
    • H02K7/1807Rotary generators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/18Structural association of electric generators with mechanical driving motors, e.g. turbine
    • H02K7/1807Rotary generators
    • H02K7/1853Rotary generators driven by intermittent forces

Abstract

Device having at least one rotor-stator arrangement of an energy converter, characterized in that the rotor (3) has an imbalance mass.

Description

  • The invention relates to a device with at least one rotor-stator arrangement of an energy converter.
  • An energy converter is understood here to mean an electrical device in which, in particular, mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy or vice versa. The conversion is essentially based on utilizing the Lorentz force, which acts on a moving, electrical charge in a magnetic field.
  • There are known by the term "generator" and "motor" different devices that convert mechanical energy into electrical energy or vice versa using the Lorentz force.
  • The object of the invention is to provide an improved device, in particular with regard to the efficiency of such a device.
  • The object is solved by the independent claims. Advantageous embodiments of the device according to the invention are the subject of the dependent claims and will become apparent from the following description of the invention.
  • The core idea of the invention is to design the rotor of the rotor-stator arrangement with an imbalance mass. By this embodiment, an additional kinetic energy can be generated, which can increase the efficiency of the device.
  • Due to the design of the rotor with an imbalance mass, it is possible that the rotor-stator assembly can be used as a rotary machine in which a non-uniformly attached to the shaft of the rotor around the rotation axis mass due to the centrifugal force generates a circular mechanical vibration.
  • An energy converter in the sense of the invention is in particular an electric generator or an electric motor. In an electric generator, which works by means of electrical induction, mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy. The mechanical energy is supplied to the generator in the form of the rotation of a mechanical shaft. The conversion is essentially based on an application of the Lorentz force, which acts on a moving, electric charge in a magnetic field. Charge shifts are generated which give a potential difference and an electrical voltage.
  • The electric motor is essentially the counterpart to the generator by an electric motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
  • For the purposes of the present invention, an energy converter owns that the energy converter has two elements moving relative to one another, between which the Lorentz force acts. In the case of a rotary energy converter, the energy converter has a rotor-stator arrangement in which the rotor (rotor) rotates relative to a stator (stator) and electrical energy can be converted into mechanical energy or vice versa. For the purposes of the present invention, there may also be a linear relative movement between the two elements of the energy converter, i. H. the energy converter can be designed as a linear motor or linear generator.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the device comprises two rotor-stator arrangements on a carrier for generating a pendulum movement of the carrier. The unbalanced mass having rotors can be supported on its axis on the support and impart a pendulum motion to the wearer. Preferably, the two imbalance masses of the rotor-stator arrangement can be designed the same and rotate around each other by 180 °. By such a configuration, a predeterminable pendulum motion can be generated, which further increases the efficiency of the device, since additional kinetic energy can be generated. The pendulum movement can be converted into a rotary movement by allowing only one direction of rotation. This can be achieved by forced operation.
  • The term "on a carrier" in the context of the invention includes both embodiments in which the rotor-stator assemblies are formed on or on a carrier or a carrier plate, as well as embodiments in which the rotor-stator assemblies formed in the carrier are. When the rotor-stator assemblies are formed within the carrier, the carrier may perform the function of a housing for the rotor-stator assemblies.
  • In a preferred embodiment, another energy converter is at least partially formed on the carrier, wherein by means of the pendulum movement, a relative movement for generating electrical energy by means of the further energy converter is achieved. The conversion of mechanical energy or kinetic energy into electrical energy is increased by the additional oscillatory motion caused by the imbalance masses. The term "at least partially" in the sense of the invention describes that at least one element is arranged on or connected to the carrier. For example, the element may be a rotor and / or a stator of the be another energy converter. Preferably, the further energy converter is designed as a multipole generator.
  • Preferably, the further energy converter comprises a stator and a rotor, wherein the stator of the further energy converter is formed on the carrier. As a result of the pendulum motion impressed by the imbalance masses, the rotor can be rotationally reciprocated about the rotor, whereby the rotor can be set into a rotary motion. A simple design as a rotary generator can be achieved.
  • However, it can also be provided that the further energy converter is designed as a linear generator, whereby the efficiency of the device with respect to the generated electrical energy can increase, since the pendulum motion can be converted into electrical energy in each of the two directions.
  • It can be provided that the further energy converter is driven directly by a rotary drive, for example a wind turbine. There may also be an optional switchable freewheel between a rotary drive and the other energy converter.
  • According to the invention, the possibility is also provided that the energy converters or rotor-stator arrangements, generators or electric motors can optionally be mechanically decoupled. There are different constellations possible. The further energy converter can be mechanically decoupled, for example, as well as the rotor-stator arrangements.
  • In addition, it is possible for the resistance when rotating the energy converters or electric motors and / or generators to be reduced if there is no tapping of the electrically generated potential difference.
  • In a preferred embodiment, a mechanical energy input member is provided which engages an axis of a rotor of the rotor-stator assemblies. The transmission element may be a gear that is driven by a rotary drive such as a wind turbine. On the axis of the rotor, a gear may be provided which can be rotated by a toothed belt of the transmission element in rotation. It can also be provided that a toothed wheel arranged on the axis of the rotor meshes with the transmission element configured as a toothed wheel.
  • In a preferred embodiment, a ratio of 1:20 or greater, that is, between the transmission element and an element engaging the transmission element, is formed on the rotors. H. for example 1: 100. As a result, the efficiency of the device can be further increased.
  • Preferably, a common axis for the transmission element and for a rotary drive driven by a rotary member is provided. Between the rotary member and the transmission element, a freewheel for the rotary member may be provided, so that the acting on the rotary member rotary drive is decoupled from the transmission element.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the rotary drive may include a wind turbine, which may increase the efficiency of renewable energy conversion. In a wind turbine as a rotary drive, the wind turbine can rotate a shaft, which in turn drives each having an imbalance mass having rotors of a rotor-stator assembly. A gear associated with the shaft can mesh with and rotate the gears associated with the rotors. In addition, it can be provided that the shaft has a freewheel.
  • By using the oscillating motion generated by the imbalance masses, the efficiency is increased and it can be operated another (multipole) generator. The increased efficiency in energy conversion makes it possible to make better use of the renewable energy source "wind".
  • It is also possible that the generated pendulum motion is converted into a linear kinetic energy and a linear generator is driven. A linear generator in the sense of the invention can be understood, for example, as meaning a hydraulic pump or a heat pump.
  • If the rotor-stator arrangement is part of an electric motor, then the electrical energy can be converted with high efficiency into mechanical energy.
  • In the event that the rotor-stator assembly is part of a generator, then a highly efficient conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy can be achieved.
  • In an electric motor, the stator z. B. fixed and be designed as a permanent magnet with pole shoes. However, it is also possible that a foreign excitation is generated via an excitation coil instead of the permanent magnet. Inside the stator, the rotor, which in most cases has a coil with iron core (armature), rotatable in the magnetic field between the pole pieces of the stator stored. If a current is applied to the armature, ie the rotor, a magnetic field is created which can interact with the magnetic field of the stator. The rotor can rotate around its axis and convert electrical energy into mechanical energy.
  • In the case of a generator, in order to generate a sinusoidal voltage, in particular for alternating current or three-phase current, it may be necessary for the rotor to generate as homogeneous a magnetic field as possible. To generate a magnetic field that is as homogeneous as possible, the rotor can be designed in addition to field coils with pole shoes, which have a mushroom-shaped cross section. The number of poles determines the frequency of the output voltage at a given speed.
  • For the purposes of the invention, the terms stator and rotor are to be understood as meaning that a relative movement takes place between the two components. Typically, the rotor rotates relative to the stator by rotating the rotor relative to the stationary stator. For the purposes of the invention, only a corresponding relative movement is important, so that the stator can also be rotated relative to the stationary rotor or the stator can move relative to the rotor. The movement of the stator can be used to cause the rotor to move and to achieve rotation of the rotor to the stator.
  • It is preferred that the rotor is designed as a multi-arm anchor in order to produce a magnetic field which is as homogeneous as possible. In addition, can be selected by the embodiment that the rotor is a multi-arm anchor, a predetermined for the imbalance mass favorable geometric configuration.
  • It can also be provided that the imbalance mass is designed such that the rotor or the shaft of the rotor has a rotatable about the axis of rotation of the rotor mass to which a centrifugal force acts when the rotor or the mass is rotated.
  • Preferably, the stator has a number of poles corresponding to the number of arms of the rotor to enable predefined conditions for sinusoidal voltage.
  • It is possible to efficiently convert mechanical energy into electrical energy, in the sense of the invention, no direction is given in the conversion, so that mechanical energy can be converted into electrical energy, but also electrical energy into mechanical energy. According to the invention, a pendulum motion can be additionally used by the unbalanced mass as a mechanical component or component of motion, which can increase the efficiency of the conversion.
  • The invention will be explained in more detail with reference to an embodiment shown in the drawings. In the drawings shows:
  • 1 a schematic representation of a device according to the invention from the side;
  • 2 a schematic representation of 1 in supervision;
  • 3 a schematic partial view of an embodiment of the device according to the invention and
  • 4 a schematic partial view of the embodiment according to 3 ,
  • In 1 a device according to the invention is shown schematically in a side view. A stator 1 is on a carrier 6 arranged. Inside the stator 1 is a rotor 3 rotatably mounted, whose shaft or axis with the carrier 6 is connected (see 2 ). stator 1 and rotor 3 are part of an energy converter, such as a generator.
  • The four-arm anchor rotor 3 has an imbalance mass that may be formed on its shaft. It can also be provided that one of the arms has a different mass than the other arms. There are two rotor-stator arrangements are provided, wherein the imbalance masses of the two rotors 3 are designed and arranged so that the imbalance masses rotate with a phase shift of 180 ° to each other. It is also possible to provide more than two rotor-stator arrangements, in particular an even number.
  • To the rotors 3 in rotation is at least one rotor 3 an element 5 arranged, that with a transmission element 4 engaged. The element 5 and the transmission element 4 are considered over a toothed belt 15 connected gears formed. The transmission element 4 is about a wave 11 drivable. On the wave 11 can be a rotary element 8th over a freewheel 14 acting, wherein the transmission element 4 and the rotary element 8th are designed as gears. By freewheel 14 is the rotation of the shaft 11 from the rotation of the rotary element 8th decoupled. An in 3 designed as a wind turbine rotary drive 7 drives over a toothed belt 10 the rotary element 8th at.
  • The axis of the driven rotor 3 is with the other axes of the other rotors 3 rotationally coupled. The rotary coupling is via a toothed belt 13 achieved with the on the axes of the rotors 3 arranged gears 9 engaged.
  • By means of the rotor-stator arrangements with the rotors 3 and the stators 1 mechanical energy or kinetic energy can be converted into electrical energy. For the relative movement of the rotors 3 opposite the stators 1 a rotation of greater than or equal to 1,500 l / min can be selected. The selected speed depends on the size of the shaft or on the rotor 3 arranged transmission element or gear to obtain a suitable angular velocity.
  • By the on the waves of the rotors 3 provided imbalances is a pendulum motion of the wearer 6 reached. The waves of the rotors 3 rely on the wearer 6 from. The carrier 6 commutes around the axis 11 ,
  • The pendulum movement of the carrier 6 is through another energy converter 2 implemented. The Indian 4 schematically illustrated energy converter 2 is configured as a rotary transformer with a rotor-stator arrangement with rotor and stator. The one on the carrier 6 fixed stator of the further rotor-stator assembly is by means of the carrier 6 oscillating moves, resulting in a relative rotational movement between the rotor and stator of the further rotor-stator assembly. By the pendulum motion of the stator of the rotor of the further rotor-stator assembly is rotated while the stator is further oscillated by the imbalance masses. The resulting relative movement of the rotor and stator of the further rotor-stator arrangement leads to a conversion of the kinetic energy introduced by the pendulum motion into electrical energy. The rotor-stator arrangement 2 can be designed as a slow generator in which a relative movement of rotor to stator with a rotation of greater than or equal to 500 1 / min is possible. The selected speed depends on the size of the transmission element or gear arranged on the shaft or on the rotor in order to obtain a suitable angular speed for the transmission.
  • The further energy converter 2 on the carrier 6 has an optional switchable freewheel 12 to the wave 11 on. Depending on the wind conditions, the rotor and the stator of the further energy converter 2 directly by means of the rotary drive 7 over the wave 11 be moved relative to each other.
  • The further energy converter 2 can be configured as a linear generator with which the oscillating motion caused by the unbalances can be used directly with each reciprocation. The linear generator converts a rectilinear kinetic energy, which does not arise at a rotational axis, into electrical energy. This is the pendulum movement of the carrier 6 first in a linear reciprocating motion, for example via a cam element on the carrier 6 , mechanically converted and transferred to a tubular element of the linear generator, which is reciprocated. The tubular element can be a plastic or carbon-containing tube, the annular magnets and disposed therebetween iron discs by at least one coil winding translates back and forth.
  • In the other energy converter 2 it can also be an energy converter, in which the kinetic energy of the pendulum movement of the carrier 6 is converted into mechanical or hydraulic energy. For this purpose, the pendulum motion can be converted in the form of a linear transmission energy. Any linear energy converter can be used. Examples of linear energy converters are hydraulic or heat pumps. For the purposes of the invention, an energy converter that converts or converts linear kinetic energy can be referred to as a linear generator.

Claims (10)

  1. Device having at least one rotor-stator arrangement of an energy converter, characterized in that the rotor ( 3 ) has an imbalance mass.
  2. Apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that at least two rotor-stator arrangements on a support ( 6 ) for generating a pendulum movement of the carrier ( 6 ) are provided.
  3. Apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that a further energy converter ( 2 ) at least partially on the support ( 6 ) is formed, wherein by means of the pendulum movement of the carrier ( 6 ) a relative movement for generating electrical energy by means of the further energy converter ( 2 ) is reachable.
  4. Apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the further energy converter ( 2 ) comprises a stator and a rotor, wherein the stator of the further energy converter on the carrier ( 6 ) and about an axis ( 11 ) is rotatable about the rotor of the further energy converter in rotation.
  5. Apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the further energy converter ( 2 ) is designed as a linear generator.
  6. Device according to claim 2, characterized in that between the carrier ( 6 ) and a freewheeling shaft for transmitting the pendulum movement of the carrier ( 6 ) is provided in a rotational movement.
  7. Device according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that a transmission element ( 4 ) is provided for the introduction of mechanical energy with an axis of a rotor ( 3 ) is engaged.
  8. Apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that a translation between the transmission element ( 4 ) and one on the rotor ( 3 ) designed engaging element of 1:20 or greater.
  9. Apparatus according to claim 7 or 8, characterized in that a common axis for the transmission element ( 4 ) and one of a rotary drive ( 7 ) driven rotary element ( 8th ) is provided, with a freewheel ( 14 ) for the rotary element ( 8th ).
  10. Apparatus according to claim 9, characterized in that the rotary drive ( 7 ) is a wind turbine, in particular a wind turbine with a vertical axis of rotation.
DE201220002207 2012-02-09 2012-02-09 Device having at least one rotor-stator arrangement of an energy converter Expired - Lifetime DE202012002207U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201220002207 DE202012002207U1 (en) 2012-02-09 2012-02-09 Device having at least one rotor-stator arrangement of an energy converter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201220002207 DE202012002207U1 (en) 2012-02-09 2012-02-09 Device having at least one rotor-stator arrangement of an energy converter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE202012002207U1 true DE202012002207U1 (en) 2013-05-13

Family

ID=48608187

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE201220002207 Expired - Lifetime DE202012002207U1 (en) 2012-02-09 2012-02-09 Device having at least one rotor-stator arrangement of an energy converter

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Country Link
DE (1) DE202012002207U1 (en)

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R082 Change of representative

Representative=s name: KOENIG SZYNKA TILMANN VON RENESSE PATENTANWAEL, DE

Representative=s name: KUHNEN & WACKER PATENT- UND RECHTSANWALTSBUERO, DE

R207 Utility model specification

Effective date: 20130704

R082 Change of representative

Representative=s name: KUHNEN & WACKER PATENT- UND RECHTSANWALTSBUERO, DE

R082 Change of representative

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R082 Change of representative

Representative=s name: KUHNEN & WACKER PATENT- UND RECHTSANWALTSBUERO, DE

Effective date: 20140826

Representative=s name: KUHNEN & WACKER PATENT- UND RECHTSANWALTSBUERO, DE

Effective date: 20120702

Representative=s name: KUHNEN & WACKER PATENT- UND RECHTSANWALTSBUERO, DE

Effective date: 20140723

R081 Change of applicant/patentee

Owner name: PERMOTORS GMBH, AT

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: VIKTOR ARESTOV,EDVID LINEVICH, , RU

Effective date: 20140826

Owner name: PERMOTORS GMBH, AT

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: PERMOTORS GMBH, 2345 BRUNN AM GEBIRGE, AT

Effective date: 20120702

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Free format text: FORMER OWNERS: ARESTOV, VIKTOR, 53343 WACHTBERG, DE; LINEVICH, EDVID, ARTEM, RU

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R150 Term of protection extended to 6 years

Effective date: 20150227

R157 Lapse of ip right after 6 years