DE102011080007A1 - Use of seed treatment agents comprising conazole or triazole fungicides e.g. as safeners for avoiding or reducing phytotoxic effects of herbicides e.g. carbamate, thiocarbamate and haloacetanilide, on crops, preferably cultural crops - Google Patents

Use of seed treatment agents comprising conazole or triazole fungicides e.g. as safeners for avoiding or reducing phytotoxic effects of herbicides e.g. carbamate, thiocarbamate and haloacetanilide, on crops, preferably cultural crops

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Publication number
DE102011080007A1
DE102011080007A1 DE102011080007A DE102011080007A DE102011080007A1 DE 102011080007 A1 DE102011080007 A1 DE 102011080007A1 DE 102011080007 A DE102011080007 A DE 102011080007A DE 102011080007 A DE102011080007 A DE 102011080007A DE 102011080007 A1 DE102011080007 A1 DE 102011080007A1
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Germany
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German (de)
Inventor
Robert Brinkmann
Erwin Hacker
Christopher Rosinger
Chieko Ueno
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Bayer CropScience AG
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Bayer CropScience AG
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Priority to DE102011080007A priority Critical patent/DE102011080007A1/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/32Ingredients for reducing the noxious effect of the active substances to organisms other than pests, e.g. toxicity reducing compositions, self-destructing compositions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/64Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with three nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/647Triazoles; Hydrogenated triazoles
    • A01N43/6531,2,4-Triazoles; Hydrogenated 1,2,4-triazoles

Abstract

Use of seed treatment agents comprising conazole or triazole fungicides as safeners for avoiding or reducing the phytotoxic effects of herbicides on crops, preferably cultural crops, is claimed. Independent claims are included for: (1) crop protective agents comprising the seed treatment agents optionally in the form of the seed dressing formulation, in combination with herbicides and, optionally formulation auxiliaries; (2) a method of protecting cultural or useful plants against phytotoxic effects of herbicides, which cause damage to plants, comprising applying the active agents comprising conazole or triazole fungicides as safener on the seeds of the useful plants; and (3) a method for the selective control of weeds in crops of useful plants, comprising applying the seed treatment agents, optionally in the form of a seed dressing formulation before, after or simultaneously with the seed of the useful plants with herbicides, on seeds, parts of plants, soil or water. ACTIVITY : Plant Protectant; Herbicide. MECHANISM OF ACTION : None given.

Description

  • The present invention relates to crop protection agents containing seed treatment actives from the groups of the conazole and triazole fungicides as safeners for the reduction of phytotoxic effects of herbicides in crops.
  • In the control of undesirable plants (harmful plants, such as mono- or dicotyledonous weeds, weed grasses, cyperaceans or undesirable crops with or without resistance / tolerance to certain herbicides, such as glyphosate, glufosinate, atrazine, imidazolinone herbicides, sulfonylureas, (hetero-) aryloxy-aryloxyalkylcarboxylic acids or -phenoxyalkylcarbonsäuren, Cyclohexanedionoxime or auxininhibitoren) in crops with herbicides crops are often more or less severely damaged by the herbicides used. This undesirable phytotoxic side effect occurs to a great extent primarily during emergence and early stage of crop development in crops such as cereals (eg wheat, triticale, barley, rye, oats and sorghum), corn, cotton, soybean, rice, Potatoes, sunflower, flax, coffee, tobacco, sugarcane, canola, oilseed rape, turnip (eg sugar beet and fodder beet), peanut, vegetables (eg tomato, cucumber, bean, cabbage, onions and lettuce), fruit plants, pastures, turf and ornamental plants , Thus, e.g. for successfully controlling weeds in rice with herbicides such as e.g. Oxadiazon and oxadiargyl, relatively high application rates necessary, which lead to plant damage during emergence and early stage of plant development.
  • Through the use of so-called "safeners" or "antidotes", the useful plants can be protected against the phytotoxic properties of the herbicides in such cases, without the herbicidal action against harmful plants being diminished or significantly impaired. In some cases, even an improved herbicidal activity against harmful plants has been observed. Safeners and herbicides therefore form drug combinations ("safener-herbicide combinations"), hereinafter referred to as "crop protection agents", which are used in crops.
  • The compounds hitherto known as safeners belong to a large number of different chemical structural classes known to the person skilled in the art, their suitability for the use of safeners generally being dependent on the chemical structures of the herbicides and on the crops of useful plants.
  • The control of pests and phytopathogenic fungi by the treatment of the seed of plants has long been known and the corresponding seed treatment agents and seed treatment methods are known to those skilled in the art. Combinations of certain seed treatment agents with known safeners have also been described, inter alia, in WO 2006/008110 A1 , Here, for example, insecticides from the group of neonicotinoids and herbicidal safeners have been described as active ingredient combinations in Seibtgutbeize, inter alia, with the aim of improving the crop compatibility after subsequent herbicidal application, but missing examples from which an increased crop compatibility after subsequent herbicide application.
  • In the application of safener herbicide combinations for the protection of crops from herbicidal damage, it has been found that the known safeners can have disadvantages in many cases. These include:
    • The safener reduces the action of the herbicides against the harmful plants;
    • • the crop protection properties are not sufficient;
    • • in combination with a specific herbicide, the spectrum of crops in which safener / herbicide use is to take place is insufficient;
    • • a certain safener can only be combined with a few herbicides;
    • • the use of safeners increases the application rate and the amount of formulation and can therefore cause application problems.
  • For these reasons, there is a need to provide alternative crop protection agents containing safener compounds and herbicides.
  • The invention relates to the use of seed treatment agents from the groups of conazole and triazole fungicides as safeners, that is, as agents for avoiding or reducing phytotoxic effects of herbicides on crops, preferably crop plants.
  • The seed treatment active substances from the groups of the conazole and triazole fungicides in detail include, for example (according to classification of the "Compendium of Pesticide Common Names"; Internet: http://www.alanwood.net/pesticides ): from the group of Conazole fungicides, the compounds of the subgroup Conazole imidazole fungicides, such as Climbazole, Clotrimazole, Imazalil, Oxpoconazole, Prochloraz, Triflumizole; and the compounds of the subgroup conazole-triazole fungicides, such as azaconazole, bromuconazole, cyproconazole, diclobutrazole, difenoconazole, diniconazole (diniconazole-M), epoxiconazole, etaconazole, fenbuconazole, fluquinconazole, flusilazole, flutriafol, furconazole (furconazole-cis), hexaconazole, Imibenconazole, ipconazole, metconazole, myclobutanil, penconazole, propiconazole, prothioconazole, quinconazole, simeconazole, tebuconazole, tetraconazole, triadimefon, triadimenol, triticonazole, uniconazole (Uniconazole-P); and from the group of triazole fungicides the compounds amisulbrom, bitertanol, fluotrimazole, Huanjunzuo, triazbutil. Preference is given from both groups to the compounds prochloraz (Ia), tebuconazole (Ib), triadimefon (Ic), triadimol (Id), triticonazole (Ie), fluquinconazole (If); Bitertanol (Ig); particularly preferred are tebuconazole (Ib), triadimefon (Ic), triadimenol (Id).
    from the group of anilide fungicides
    Benalaxyl (Benalaxyl-M), Bixafen, Boscalid, Carboxin, Fenhexamide, Fluxapyroxad, Isotianil, Metalaxyl (Metalaxyl-M), Metsulfovax, Ofurace, Oxadixyl, Oxycarboxine, Penflufen, Pyracarbolide, Sedaxanes, Thifluzamide, Tiadinil, Vangard; and from the group of thiazole fungicides
    Ethaboxam, Isotianil, Metsulfovax, Octhilinone, Thiabendazole, Thifluzamide. Preferably, the compound isotianil (Ia) is in each case from both groups.
  • The term "seed treatment active ingredients" refers to the active ingredients from the groups of the conazole and triazole fungicides, which are treated by appropriate methods for the protection of seeds and germinating plants from the infestation of phytopathogenic fungi with active ingredient or drug combinations. The term "seed" in the following includes both generative and vegetatively formed distribution forms of plants, including seedlings.
  • In the o.g. Method, the seed with active ingredient or drug combinations (other drugs and / or formulants) are treated simultaneously in one operation or at different times.
  • In the case of seed which has been treated at different times, the individual active ingredients or formulation substances may be contained in different layers on the seed. The layers may optionally still be separated by intermediate layers. In addition, active substance or active compound combinations can also be applied to the seed as part of a coating or as further layers in addition to a coating. Likewise, the seeds can be subjected to a film coating process after the treatment in order to avoid dust abrasion on the seed. All of these possible combinations of the seed treatment active ingredients, which may be present either alone or in the combinations described above, are summarized below under the term "seed treatment agents according to the invention".
  • An advantage of the seed treatment is, for example, that due to the particular systemic properties of the seed treatment active ingredients according to the invention, the treatment of the seed with these agents not only the seed itself, but also the resulting plants after emergence - in addition to the safener effect of the invention - also protects against harmful organisms (pests, phytopathogenic fungi). In this way, the immediate treatment of the culture at the time of sowing or shortly afterwards can be omitted. A further advantage is that germination and emergence of the treated seed can be promoted by treating the seed with the seed treatment active ingredients according to the invention. Likewise, it is to be regarded as advantageous that the seed treatment active compounds according to the invention can also be used in particular in the case of transgenic seed. It should also be mentioned that the seed treatment active compounds according to the invention can be used in combination with signal technology agents, whereby, for example, better colonization with symbionts, such as rhizobia, mycorrhiza and / or endophytic bacteria takes place and / or optimized nitrogen fixation comes.
  • The seed treatment agents according to the invention are suitable for the protection of seed of any plant variety used in agriculture, in the greenhouse, in forests or in horticulture. In particular, these are seeds of cereals (eg wheat, triticale, barley, rye, oats and millet / sorghum), corn, cotton, soy, rice, potatoes, sunflower, flax, coffee, tobacco, sugar cane, canola, oilseed rape , Turnip (eg sugar beet and fodder), peanut, vegetables (eg tomato, cucumber, bean, cabbage, onions and lettuce), fruit plants, pastures, turf and ornamental plants. Of particular importance is the treatment of the seeds of cereals (such as wheat, barley, rye and oats), corn, soybean, cotton, canola, oilseed rape and rice, with the seed treatment of rice and cotton, in particular of rice, is particularly significant. As already mentioned above, the treatment of transgenic seed with the seed treatment active ingredients according to the invention is of particular importance. Because of their safener properties, the seed treatment active compounds according to the invention can also be used in cultures of known or yet to be developed genetically modified plants. The transgenic plants are usually characterized by particular advantageous properties, for example by wholly or partially resisting certain pesticides, especially certain herbicides, resistance to plant diseases or pathogens of plant diseases such as certain insects or microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria or viruses. These are, for example, plants which as a rule contain at least one heterologous gene which controls the expression of a polypeptide having in particular insecticidal or nematicidal properties. The heterologous genes in transgenic seed may be derived from microorganisms such as Bacillus, Rhizobium, Pseudomonas, Serratia, Trichoderma, Clavibacter, Glomus or Gliocladium, the treatment of transgenic seed containing at least one heterologous gene derived from Bacillus sp. is, is preferred; particularly preferred when it is Bacillus thuringiensis. Other special properties concern, for example, the crop in terms of quantity, quality, shelf life, composition and special ingredients. Thus, transgenic plants with increased starch content or altered quality of the starch or those with other fatty acid composition of the crop are known. Other special properties may include tolerance or resistance to abiotic stressors such as heat, cold, drought, salt and ultraviolet radiation. The use of the seed treatment active compounds according to the invention is preferred in economically important transgenic crops of useful and ornamental plants, in particular of the plant species described above. The seed treatment active ingredients according to the invention can preferably be used in crops which are completely or partially resistant to the phytotoxic effects of certain herbicides or have been made by genetic engineering.
  • Conventional ways of producing new plants which have modified properties in comparison to previously occurring plants consist, for example, in classical breeding methods and the production of mutants. Alternatively, new plants with altered properties can be generated using genetic engineering methods (see, eg EP 0221044 . EP 0131624 ). For example, in several cases:
    • • genetic modification of crops to modify the starch synthesized in the plants (eg WO 92/011376 A . WO 92/014827 A . WO 91/019806 A );
    • Transgenic crops which are resistant to certain glufosinate-type herbicides (cf. EP 0242236 A . EP 0242246 A ) or glyphosate ( WO 92/000377 A ) or the sulfonylureas ( EP 0257993 A . US 5,013,659 ) or against combinations or mixtures of these herbicides by gene stacking resistant, such as transgenic crops such as corn or soybean with the trade name or the name Optimum TM GAT (Glyphosate ALS Tolerant);
    • Transgenic crops, such as cotton, capable of producing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins (Bt toxins), which make the plants resistant to certain pests ( EP 0142924 A . EP 0193259A );
    • Transgenic crops with modified fatty acid composition ( WO 91/013972 A );
    • • Genetically modified crops containing new content or secondary metabolites, such as new phytoalexins that cause increased disease resistance ( EP 0309862 A . EP 0464461 A );
    • • genetically modified plants with reduced photorespiration, which have higher yields and higher stress tolerance ( EP 0305398 A );
    • Transgenic crop plants which produce pharmaceutically or diagnostically important proteins ("molecular pharming");
    • • transgenic crops characterized by higher yields or better quality;
    • • transgenic crops, which are characterized by a combination of eg the new properties mentioned above ("gene stacking").
  • Numerous molecular biology techniques that can be used to produce novel transgenic plants with altered properties are known in principle; see eg I. Potrykus and G. Spangenberg (eds.) Gene Transfer to Plants, Springer Lab Manual (1995), Springer Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg. or Christou, "Trends in Plant Science" 1 (1996) 423-431) , For such genetic engineering, nucleic acid molecules can be introduced into plasmids that allow mutagenesis or sequence alteration by recombination of DNA sequences. By means of standard methods, for example, base exchanges can be made, partial sequences removed or natural or synthetic sequences added. For the connection of the DNA fragments with one another adapters or linkers can be attached to the fragments, see eg Sambrook et al., 1989, Molecular Cloning, A Laboratory Manual, 2nd Edition Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY ; or Winnacker "Genes and Clones", VCH Weinheim 2nd edition 1996 , The production of plant cells having a reduced activity of a gene product can be achieved, for example, by the expression of at least one corresponding antisense RNA, a sense RNA to obtain a cosuppression effect or the expression of at least one appropriately engineered ribozyme which specifically cleaves transcripts of the above gene product. For this purpose, DNA molecules may be used which comprise the entire coding sequence of a gene product, including any flanking sequences that may be present, as well as DNA molecules which comprise only parts of the coding sequence, which parts must be long enough to be present in the cells to cause an antisense effect. It is also possible to use DNA sequences which have a high degree of homology to the coding sequences of a gene product but are not completely identical. In the expression of nucleic acid molecules in plants, the synthesized protein may be located in any compartment of the plant cell. However, to achieve localization in a particular compartment, for example, the coding region can be linked to DNA sequences that ensure localization in a particular compartment. Such sequences are known to the person skilled in the art (see, for example Braun et al., EMBO J. 11 (1992), 3219-3227 ; Wolter et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85 (1988), 846-850 ; Sonnewald et al., Plant J. 1 (1991), 95-106 ). The expression of the nucleic acid molecules can also take place in the organelles of the plant cells.
  • The transgenic plant cells can be regenerated into whole plants by known techniques to the stage which allows seed treatment. The transgenic plants may, in principle, be plants of any plant species, that is, both monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants. Thus, transgenic plants are available which have altered properties by overexpression, suppression or inhibition of homologous (= natural) genes or gene sequences or expression of heterologous (= foreign) genes or gene sequences.
  • The seed treatment active compounds according to the invention can be used in transgenic cultures which are completely or partially resistant to growth substances such as 2,4 D, dicamba or herbicides, the essential plant enzymes, for example acetolactate synthases (ALS), EPSP synthases, glutamine synthases (GS) or hydroxyphenylpyruvate Dioxygenases (HPPD) inhibit or are resistant to herbicides from the group of sulfonylureas, the glyphosate, glufosinate or benzoylisoxazole and analogous drugs, or against any combination of these drugs resistant; particularly preferred transgenic crops which are resistant to a combination of glyphosates and glufosinates, glyphosates and sulfonylureas or imidazolinones; very particularly preferred transgenic crops, such as corn or soybean with the trade name or the name Optimum TM GAT (Glyphosate ALS Tolerant). In addition to the effects observed in other crops on harmful plants, effects which are specific for the application in the respective transgenic culture often occur, for example a modified or specially extended weed spectrum which can be controlled, altered application rates which are used for the application can, preferably a good influence on growth and yield of transgenic crops.
  • The invention therefore also relates to the use of the seed treatment active ingredients according to the invention for controlling harmful plants in transgenic crop plants.
  • In the context of the present invention, the seed treatment active compounds according to the invention are applied directly or in a suitable formulation to the seed. Preferably, the seed is treated in a state where it is so stable that no damage occurs during the treatment. In general, the treatment of the seed can be done at any time between harvesting and sowing. Usually, seed is used which has been separated from the plant and freed from flasks, shells, stems, hull, wool or pulp. For example, seed may be used which has been harvested, cleaned and dried to a moisture content below 15% by weight. Alternatively, seed may also be used which, after drying, e.g. treated with water and then dried again. In general, care must be taken in the treatment of the seed that the amount of applied to the seed seed treatment agents and / or other additives according to the invention is chosen so that the germination of the seed is not affected or the resulting plant is not damaged. This is especially important for active ingredients, which can show phytotoxic effects in certain application rates.
  • The seed treatment agents according to the invention can be applied directly, ie without containing further components and without being diluted. As a rule, it is preferable to apply them to the seed in the form of a suitable formulation. Suitable formulations and methods for seed treatment are known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in the following Documents described: US 4,272,417 A . US 4,245,432 A . US 4,808,430 A . US 5,876,739 A . US 2003/0176428 A1 . WO 2002/080675 A1 . WO 2002/028186 A2 , The seed treatment active compounds according to the invention can be converted into the customary seed dressing formulations, such as solutions, emulsions, suspensions, powders, foams, slurries or other seed coating compositions, as well as ULV formulations. These formulations are prepared in a known manner by mixing the seed treatment active ingredients according to the invention with conventional additives, such as conventional extenders and solvents or diluents, dyes, wetting agents, dispersants, emulsifiers, defoamers, preservatives, secondary thickeners, adhesives, gibberellins and also water; hereinafter referred to as "seed dressing formulation usable according to the invention".
  • Dyes which may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention are all dyes customary for such purposes. Both water-insoluble pigments and water-soluble dyes are useful in this case. Examples which may be mentioned are the dyes known under the names Rhodamine B, CI Pigment Red 112 and CI Solvent Red 1. Suitable wetting agents which may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention are all wetting-promoting substances customary for the formulation of agrochemical active compounds. Preferably used are alkylnaphthalene sulfonates, such as diisopropyl or diisobutyl naphthalene sulfonates. Suitable dispersants and / or emulsifiers which may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention are all nonionic, anionic and cationic dispersants customary for the formulation of agrochemical active compounds. Preferably usable are nonionic or anionic dispersants or mixtures of nonionic or anionic dispersants. Particularly suitable nonionic dispersants are, in particular, ethylene oxide-propylene oxide, block polymers, alkylphenol polyglycol ethers and tristryrylphenol polyglycol ethers and their phosphated or sulfated derivatives. Suitable anionic dispersants are in particular lignosulfonates, polyacrylic acid salts and arylsulfonate-formaldehyde condensates. Defoamers which may be present in the seed-dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention are all foam-inhibiting substances customary for the formulation of agrochemical active compounds. Preferably usable are silicone defoamers and magnesium stearate. Preservatives which may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention are all substances which can be used for such purposes in agrochemical compositions. Examples include dichlorophen and Benzylalkoholhemiformal. Suitable secondary thickeners which may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention are all substances which can be used for such purposes in agrochemical compositions. Preference is given to cellulose derivatives, acrylic acid derivatives, xanthan, modified clays and finely divided silica. Suitable adhesives which may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention are all customary binders which can be used in pickling agents. Preferably mentioned are polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol and Tylose. Gibberellins which may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention are preferably the gibberellins A1, A3 (= gibberellic acid), A4 and A7, with particular preference gibberellic acid. The gibberellins are known (cf. R. Wegler "Chemie der Pflanzenschutz- und Schädlingsbekungsmittel", Vol. 2, Springer Verlag, 1970, p. 401-412 ).
  • The seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention can be used either directly or after prior dilution with water for the treatment of seed of various kinds. Thus, the concentrates or the preparations obtainable therefrom by dilution with water can be used for dressing the seeds of cereals, such as wheat, triticale, barley, rye, oats and millet / sorghum, as well as the seed or planting material of maize, cotton, soya , Rice, potatoes, sunflower, flax, coffee, tobacco, sugar cane, canola, oilseed rape, beets, peanuts, peas, beans, willow, lawn and ornamental plants or vegetable and fruit seed of various nature. The seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention or their diluted preparations can also be used for pickling seeds of transgenic plants. In this case, additional synergistic effects may occur in interaction with the substances formed by expression.
  • For the treatment of seed with the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention or the preparations prepared therefrom by the addition of water, all mixing devices customarily usable for the dressing can be considered. Specifically, in the pickling procedure, the seed is placed in a mixer which adds either desired amount of seed dressing formulations either as such or after prior dilution with water and mixes until evenly distributed the formulation on the seed. Optionally, a drying process follows.
  • The application rate of the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention can be varied within a relatively wide range. It depends on the respective content of the active substance / Active ingredients in the formulations and after the seed. The required application rates for the seed treatment active ingredients according to the invention can be varied within wide limits depending on the herbicide used and the nature of the crop to be protected and is usually in the range of 0.05 to 200 g per kilogram of seed, preferably from 0.1 to 100 g per kilogram of seed.
  • The safener use of the seed treatment active ingredients from the groups of the conazole and triazole fungicides, hereinafter referred to as "safener according to the invention", are used in combination with herbicides as crop protection agents suitable for the selective control of harmful plants in a number of crops, eg in crops such as crops, e.g. monocotyledonous crops such as cereals (e.g., wheat, triticale, barley, rye, oats, rice, corn, millet / sorghum) or dicotyledonous crops such as turnips (e.g., sugarbeet and fodder beet), sugarcane, canola, oilseed rape, cotton, sunflowers and legumes, e.g. of the genera Glycine (eg Glycine max. (soy) as non-transgenic Glycine max. (eg conventional varieties such as STS varieties) or transgenic Glycine max. (eg RR soy or LL soy and their crosses), Phaseolus, Pisum, Vicia and Arachis, or vegetable crops from various botanical groups such as potato, leek, cabbage, carrot, tomato, onion, lettuce, cucumber, in orchards (plantation crops) or green, lawn and pasture, especially in rice crops (planted or sown under ' Upland 'or' Paddy 'conditions as dry or wet rice with Indica and / or Japonica species as well as hybrids / mutants / GMOs).
  • The invention also relates to crop protection agents which contain the seed treatment active ingredients from the groups of the conazole and triazole fungicides in combination with herbicides, and optionally formulation auxiliaries.
  • In this case, the application of the herbicidal component of the crop protecting agent is carried out either before, during or after the application of the treated with the safener seed of the invention crops.
  • The application of the herbicides may be carried out prior to the emergence of the harmful plants as well as the accumulated weeds (e.g., weeds, grass weeds, cyperaceans or undesirable crops) regardless of the stage of seeded / planted culture. Depending on the time of application of the herbicides, the safeners according to the invention are then able to reduce or completely eliminate harmful side effects of the herbicides in crop plants, without impairing or substantially reducing the effectiveness of the herbicides against harmful plants. Damage caused by the use of several herbicides and / or pesticides, e.g. in combination with other applied insecticides or fungicides, significantly reduced or completely eliminated. As a result, the field of application of conventional herbicides can be considerably expanded.
  • The herbicides are usually applied after appropriate dilution either directly to the acreage, on the already germinated harmful and / or useful plants or on the already accumulated harmful and / or useful plants. Preference is given to the timely application of the safener according to the invention with the herbicide. Particularly preferred is the use of the safener of the invention on the seed with the subsequent application of the herbicides after sowing in the pre- or post-emergence.
  • The invention therefore also provides a process for the selective control of harmful plants in crops, characterized in that an effective crop protection amount of one or more compounds of the seed treatment active ingredients from the groups of conazole and triazole fungicides, optionally in the form of a dressing Formulation, before, after or at the same time as the seed of the crop plants, with an effective amount of one or more herbicides on seeds, parts of plants or soil (or in the water eg in rice crops).
  • The beneficial effects of the safeners of the present invention are observed when used together with the herbicides as described above. starts. It is also possible to repeat the herbicide application several times. Sometimes it may be useful to combine a pre-emergence application with a post-emergence application. In most cases, the application of the herbicide as a post-emergence application to the useful or cultivated plant offers. In addition to the effect of the safener effect, the use of the safeners according to the invention in combination with herbicides also frequently results in increased efficacy in the herbicidal action against harmful plants. Furthermore, the growth of crops and crops is improved in many cases (better vitality) and crop yields can be increased.
  • The weight ratio of safener according to the invention to the herbicides can be varied within wide limits and can be calculated as follows (g = gram, ai = active substance, kg = kilograms, ha = hectares):, [application rate range of the seed treatment active ingredients in g ai / kg of seed × kg sowing strength / ha]: [application rate range herbicides in g ai / ha]. The optimum weight ratio of safener according to the invention to herbicide thus depends both on the particular seed treatment active ingredients used and the respective herbicide as well as on the type of product to be protected. or crop and its sowing strength - all parameters known to those skilled in the art. The quantities and weight ratios necessary for a successful treatment can therefore be determined by simple preliminary tests.
  • The herbicides of crop protection agents can be used against a wide range of economically important monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weeds such as weeds, grass weeds or cyperaceans, including species resistant to herbicidal agents such as glyphosate, glufosinate, atrazine, imidazolinone herbicides, sulfonylureas (Hetero -) Aryloxy-aryloxyalkylcarboxylic acids or -phenoxyalkylcarboxylic acids (so-called 'fops'), cyclohexanedionoximes (so-called 'dims') or auxin inhibitors. Even difficult to control perennial harmful plants that drive out of rhizomes, rhizomes or other permanent organs are well detected by the herbicides. The substances may be e.g. be applied in pre-sowing, pre-emergence or post-emergence, e.g. together or separately. In addition to the pre-emergence application, it is preferred to use e.g. the postemergence application, in particular the accumulated harmful plants. Specifically, by way of example, some representatives of the monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weed flora can be mentioned, which can be controlled by the herbicides, without the restriction being intended to be restricted to certain species. On the side of the monocotyledonous weeds, e.g. Avena spp., Alopecurus spp., Apera spp., Brachiaria spp., Bromus spp., Digitaria spp., Lolium spp., Echinochloa spp., Leptochloa spp., Fimbristylis spp., Panicum spp., Phalaris spp., Poa spp ., Setaria spp. and Cyperus species from the annuelle group and on the side of the perennial species Agropyron, Cynodon, Imperata and Sorghum and also perennial Cyperusarten well. In dicotyledonous weed species, the spectrum of activity extends to species such as e.g. Abutilon spp., Amaranthus spp., Chenopodium spp., Chrysanthemum spp., Galium spp., Ipomoea spp., Kochia spp., Lamium spp., Matricaria spp., Pharitis spp., Polygonum spp., Sida spp., Sinapis spp , Solanum spp., Stellaria spp., Veronica spp. Eclipta spp., Sesbania spp., Aeschynomene spp. and Viola spp., Xanthium spp., on the annual side, as well as Convolvulus, Cirsium, Rumex, and Artemisia in perennial weeds.
  • If the herbicides are applied to the surface of the earth before germination, either the weed seedlings are completely prevented or the weeds grow to the cotyledon stage, but then cease their growth and finally die off completely after two to four weeks. Upon application of the herbicides to the green parts of the plants postemergence also occurs very quickly after treatment, a drastic halt in growth and the weed plants remain in the existing stage of application growth stage or die after a certain time completely off, so that in this way one for the crops harmful weed competition is eliminated very early and sustainably. The herbicides can also be applied in rice in the water and are then absorbed by soil, shoot and root.
  • The herbicides are characterized by a rapidly onset and long-lasting herbicidal activity. Their rainfastness is usually favorable. A particular advantage is the fact that in combination with the safeners according to the invention the used and effective dosages of the herbicides can be set lower. Thus, by means of the crop protection agent according to the invention, a considerable reduction in the required application rate of the active ingredients is made possible with positive effects (inter alia, herbicide use in sensitive crops being possible at first, groundwater contaminations virtually avoided). In addition, the safeners of the invention also allow the control of a broader spectrum of weeds, weeds and Cyperaceae, a faster use of herbicidal activity, a longer lasting effect, better control of harmful plants with only one or a few applications and an extension of the possible period of application. In part, the use of crop protection agents also reduces the amount of harmful ingredients, such as nitrogen or oleic acid, and their entry into the soil.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the crop protection agents according to the invention are outstandingly suitable for the selective control of harmful plants in rice crops. These include all kinds of rice cultivation in a variety of conditions, such as dry (upland, dry) or paddy, whereby irrigation is natural (rainfall) and / or artificial (irrigated, "flooded") can take place. The rice used here can be conventionally cultivated seed, hybrid seed, but also resistant, at least tolerant, seed (mutagenic or transgenic), which can be derived from the forms Indica or Japonica as well as from intersections of the two. The crop protection agents of the invention can be used in all types of administration which are customary for rice herbicides. They are particularly advantageously used in the spray application and / or in the "submerged application". In the so-called "submerged application", the backwater already covers the soil by up to 3-20 cm at the time of application. The herbicide combinations according to the invention are then added directly, for example in the form of granules, into the water of the accumulated fields. Worldwide, the spray application is mainly used for seeded rice and the so-called submerged application, mainly for transplanted rice. The herbicides of crop protection agents capture a broad, especially for rice crops specific weed spectrum. On the side of the monocotyledonous weeds, for example, genera such as Echinochloa spp., Panicum spp., Poa spp., Leptochloa spp., Brachiaria spp., Digitaria spp., Setaria spp. Cyperus spp., Monochoria spp., Fimbristylis spp., Sagittaria spp., Eleocharis spp., Scirpus spp., Alisma spp., Aneilema spp., Blyxa spp., Eriocaulon spp., Potamogeton spp. and the like, in particular the species Echinochloa oryzicola, Monochoria vaginalis, Eleocharis acicularis, Eleocharis kuroguwai, Cyperus difformis, Cyperus serotinus, Sagittaria pygmaea, Alisma canaliculatum, Scirpus juncoides. In the dicotyledonous weeds, the spectrum of action extends to genera such as Polygonum spp., Rorippa spp., Rotala spp., Lindernia spp., Bidens spp., Sphenoclea spp., Dopatrium spp., Eclipta spp., Elatine spp., Gratiola spp., Lindernia spp., Ludwigia spp., Oenanthe spp., Ranunculus spp., Deinostema spp. and similar. Species such as Rotala indica, Sphenoclea zeylanica, Lindernia procumbens, Ludwig prostrate, Potamogeton distinctus, Elatine triandra, Oenanthe javanica are well detected.
  • The o.g. Properties and advantages are required in practical weed control in order to keep agricultural / forestry / horticultural crops or grassland / pasture areas free of undesired competing plants and thus to secure and / or increase yields qualitatively and quantitatively. The technical standard is significantly exceeded by the new crop protection agents in terms of the properties described.
  • The present invention further relates to a method for protecting crops or useful plants from phytotoxic effects of herbicides which cause damage to plants, characterized in that the active substances from the groups of conazole and triazole fungicides as safeners on the seed of Crops, preferably in an effective amount, applies.
  • This method is preferably used in rice crops (planted or sown under 'upland' or 'paddy' conditions with Indica and / or Japonica species as well as hybrids / mutants / GMOs), which is characterized in that the herbicides are applied to the plants ( eg weeds such as monocotyledonous or dicotyledonous weeds, weed grasses, cyperaceans or undesirable crops), the seeds (eg grains, seeds or vegetative propagules such as tubers or sprouts with buds) or the area on which the plants grow (eg the acreage which also can be covered by water), eg together or separately. One or more herbicides may be applied to the plants, seed or area on which the plants grow (e.g., the acreage) before, after or simultaneously with the seeded safeners of the present invention.
  • As herbicides known in the literature and also safeners which can be combined with the safeners according to the invention, e.g. to name the active compounds from the following Table 1 (Note: the compounds are denoted either by the "common name" according to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) or the chemical name or the code number and always include all forms of application such as acids, salts , Esters and isomers such as stereoisomers and optical isomers, by way of example one and in some cases also several forms of application are mentioned),
  • Table 1 - Active substances as combination partner to safeners according to the invention:
    • Acetochlor, acibenzolar, acibenzolar-S-methyl, acifluorfen, acifluorfen-sodium, aclonifen, alachlor, allidochlor, alloxydim, alloxydim-sodium, ametryn, amicarbazone, amidochlor, amidosulfuron, aminocyclopyrachlor, aminocyclopyrachloro-potassium, aminocyclopyrachloromethyl, aminopyralid, amitrole, Ammonium Sulfamate, Ancymidol, Anilofos, Asulam, Atrazine, Azafenidine, Azimsulfuron, Aziprotryn, Beflubutamide, Benazoline, Benazolin-ethyl, Bencarbazone, Benfluralin, Benfuresate, Bensulide, Bensulfuron, Bensulfuron-methyl, Bentazone, Benzofendizone, Benzobicyclone, Benzofenap, Benzofluor, Benzoylprop, Bicyclopyrone, Bifenox, Bilanafos, Bilanafossodium, Bispyribac, Bispyribac Sodium, Bromacil, Bromobutide, Bromofenoxime, Bromoxynil, Bromuron, Buminafos, Busoxinone, Butachlor, Butafenacil, Butamifos, Butenachlor, Butraline, Butroxydim, Butylates, Cafenstrols, Carbetamides, Carfentrazone, Carfentrazone ethyl, Chlomethoxyfen, Chloramben, Chlorazifop, Chlorazifop-butyl, Chlorobromuron, Chlorbufam, Chlorfenac, Chlorfenac-Sodium, Chlorfenprop, Chlorflurenol, Chlorflurenol-methyl, Chloridazon, Chlorimuron, Chlorimuron-ethyl, Chlormequat-chloride, Chloronitrofen, Chlorophthalim, Chlorthal-dimethyl, Chlorotoluron, Chlorsulfuron, cinidon, cinidon-ethyl, cinmethylin, cinosulfuron, clethodim, clodinafop, clodinafop-propargyl, clofencet, clomazone, clomeprop, cloprop, clopyralid, cloransulam, cloransulam-methyl, cumyluron, cyanamides, cyanazines, cyclanilides, cycloates, cyclosulfamuron, cycloxydim, Cycluron, Cyhalofop, Cyhalofop-butyl, Cyperquat, Cyprazine, Cyprazole, 2,4-D, 2,4-DB, Daimurone / Dymron, Dalapon, Daminozide, Dazomet, n-Decanol, Desmedipham, Desmetryn, Detosyl-Pyrazolate (DTP) , Dialkylates, dicamba, dichlobenil, dichlorprop, dichlorprop-P, diclofop, diclofop-methyl, diclofop-P-methyl, diclosulam, diethatyl, diethyl-ethyl, difenoxuron, difenzoquat, diflufenican, diflufenzopyr, diflufenzopyr-natriu m, dikegulac-sodium, dimefuron, dimepiperate, dimethachlor, dimethametryn, dimethenamid, dimethenamid-P, dimethipine, dimetrasulfuron, dinitramine, dinoseb, dinoterb, diphenamid, dipropetryn, diquat, diquat-dibromide, dithiopyr, diuron, DNOC, eglinazine-ethyl, Endothal, EPTC, esprocarb, etalfluralin, ethametsulfuron, ethametsulfuron-methyl, ethephon, ethidimuron, ethiozine, ethofumesate, ethoxyfen, ethoxyfen-ethyl, ethoxysulfuron, etobenzanide, F-5331, ie N- [2-chloro-4-fluoro-5- [4- (3-fluoropropyl) -4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1H-tetrazol-1-yl] -phenyl] -ethanesulfonamide, F-7967, ie 3- [7-chloro-5-fluoro-2 - (trifluoromethyl) -1H-benzimidazol-4-yl] -1-methyl-6- (trifluoromethyl) pyrimidine-2,4 (1H, 3H) -dione, fenoprop, fenoxaprop, fenoxaprop-P, fenoxaprop-ethyl, fenoxaprop- P-ethyl, fenoxasulfones, fentrazamides, fenuron, flamprop, flamprop-M-isopropyl, flamprop-M-methyl, flazasulfuron, florasulam, fluazifop, fluazifop-P, fluazifop-butyl, fluazifop-p-butyl, fluazolates, flucarbazones, flucarbazone- sodium, flucetosulfuron, Fl uchloralin, flufenacet (thiafluamide), flufenpyr, flufenpyrethyl, flumetralin, flumetsulam, flumiclorac, flumiclorac-pentyl, flumioxazine, flumipropyne, fluometuron, fluorodifen, fluoroglycofen, fluoroglycofenethyl, flupoxam, flupropacil, flupropanate, flupyrsulfuron, flupyrsulfuron-methylsodium, flurenol, flurenol -butyl, fluridone, flurochloridone, fluroxypyr, fluroxypyr-meptyl, flurprimidol, flurtamone, fluthiacet, fluthiacet-methyl, fluthiamide, fomesafen, foramsulfuron, forchlorfenuron, fosamine, furyloxyfen, gibberellin, glufosinate, glufosinate-ammonium, glufosinate-P, glufosinate-P ammonium, glufosinate-P-sodium, glyphosate, glyphosate-isopropylammonium, H-9201, ie O- (2,4-dimethyl-6-nitrophenyl) -O-ethyl-isopropylphosphoramidothioate, halosafen, halosulfuron, halosulfuron-methyl, haloxyfop, Haloxyfop-P, haloxyfopethoxyethyl, haloxyfop-P-ethoxyethyl, haloxyfopmethyl, haloxyfop-P-methyl, hexazinone, HW-02, ie, 1- (dimethoxyphosphoryl) ethyl (2,4-dichlorophenoxy) acetate, imazameth abenz, imazamethabenz-methyl, imazamox, imazamox-ammonium, imazapic, imazapyr, imazapyr-isopropylammonium, imazaquin, imazaquin-ammonium, imazethapyr, imazethapyr-ammonium, imazosulfuron, inabenfide, indanofan, indaziflam, indoleacetic acid (IAA), 4-indole-3 -butylbutyrate (IBA), Iodosulfuron, Iodosulfuron-methyl-Sodium, Iofensulfuron, Iofensulfuron-Sodium, Ioxynil, Ipfencarbazone, Isocarbamide, Isopropalin, Isoproturon, Isouron, Isoxaben, Isoxachlortole, Isoxaflutole, Isoxapyrifop, KUH-043, ie 3 - ({[ 5- (Difluoromethyl) -1-methyl-3- (trifluoromethyl) -1H-pyrazol-4-yl] methyl} sulfonyl) -5,5-dimethyl-4,5-dihydro-1,2-oxazole, carbutilates, ketospiradox , Lactofen, lenacil, linuron, maleic hydrazide, MCPA, MCPB, MCPB-methyl, -ethyl and -sodium, mecoprop, mecoprop-sodium, mecopropbutotyl, mecoprop-p-butotyl, mecoprop-P-dimethylammonium, mecoprop-P-2 ethylhexyl, mecoprop-P-potassium, mefenacet, mefluidides, mepiquat chloride, mesosulfuron, mesosulfuron-methyl, mesotrione, methabenzthiazuron, metam, Met amifop, metamitron, metazachlor, metazasulfuron, methazoles, methiopyrsulfuron, methiozoline, methoxyphenones, methyldymron, 1-methylcyclopropene, methylisothiocyanate, metobenzuron, metobromuron, metolachlor, s-metolachlor, metosulam, metoxuron, metribuzin, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, molinates, monalides, Monocarbamides, monocarbamic dihydrogen sulfate, monolinuron, monosulfuron, monosulfuron ester, monuron, MT-128, ie 6-chloro-N - [(2E) -3-chloroprop-2-en-1-yl] -5-methyl-N phenylpyridazine-3-amine, MT-5950, ie N- [3-chloro-4- (1-methylethyl) phenyl] -2-methylpentanamide, NGGC-011, naproanilides, napropamide, naptalam, NC-310, ie - (2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) -1-methyl-5-benzyloxypyrazole, neburon, nicosulfuron, nipyraclofen, nitralin, nitrofen, nitrophenolate sodium (isomeric mixture), nitrofluorfen, nonanoic acid, norflurazon, orbencarb, orthosulfamuron, oryzalin, oxadiargyl, oxadiazon, Oxasulfuron, oxaziclomefone, oxyfluorfen, paclobutrazole, paraquat, paraquat-dichloride, pelargonic acid (nonanoic acid), Pendime thalin, Pendralin, Penoxsulam, Pentanochlor, Pentoxazone, Perfluidone, Pethoxamide, Phenisopham, Phenmedipham, Phenmediphamethyl, Picloram, Picolinafen, Pinoxaden, Piperophos, Pirifenop, Pirifenopbutyl, Pretilachlor, Primisulfuron, Primisulfuron-methyl, Probenazole, Profluazole, Procyazine, Prodiamines, Prifluralins, Profoxydim, Prohexadione, Prohexadione-calcium, Prohydrojasmone, Prometon, Prometry, Propachlor, Propanil, Propaquizafop, Propazine, Propham, Propisochlor, Propoxycarbazone, Propoxycarbazone-Sodium, Propyrisulfuron, Propyzamide, Prosulfine, Prosulfocarb, Prosulfuron, Prynachlor, Pyraclonil, Pyraflufen, Pyraflufen-ethyl, Pyrasulfotole, Pyrazolynate (pyrazolates), pyrazosulfuron, pyrazosulfuron-ethyl, pyrazoxyfen, Pyribambenz, Pyribambenz-isopropyl, Pyribambenz-propyl, Pyribenzoxim, Pyributicarb, Pyridafol, Pyridate, Pyriftalid, Pyriminobac, Pyriminobac-methyl, Pyrimisulfan, Pyrithiobac , Pyrithiobac Sodium, Pyroxasulfones, Pyroxsulam, Quinclorac, Quinmerac, Quinoclamine, Qu izalofop, quizalofop-ethyl, quizalofop-P, quizalofop-P-ethyl, quizalofop-P-tefuryl, rimsulfuron, Saflufenacil, secbumetone, sethoxydim, siduron, simazine, simetryn, SN-106279, ie methyl (2R) -2- ({7- [2-chloro-4- (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] -2-naphthyl} oxy) propanoate, Sulcotrione, sulfallates (CDEC), sulfentrazone, sulfometuron, sulfometuron-methyl, sulfosate (glyphosate-trimesium), sulfosulfuron, SW-065, SYN-523, SYP-249, ie 1-ethoxy-3-methyl-1-oxobut-3 -en-2-yl-5- [2-chloro-4- (trifluoromethyl) phenoxy] -2-nitrobenzoate, SYP-300, ie 1- [7-fluoro-3-oxo-4- (prop-2-in -1-yl) -3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl] -3-propyl-2-thioxoimidazolidine-4,5-dione, tebutam, tebuthiuron, tecnazenes, tefuryltriones, tembotrione, tepraloxydim , Terbacil, terbucarb, terbuchlor, terbumetone, terbuthylazine, terbutryn, thenylchloro, thiafluamides, thiazafluron, thiazopyr, thidiazimine, thidiazuron, thiencarbazones, thiencarbazonemethyl, thifensulfuron, thifensulfuron-methyl, thiobencarb, tiocarbazil, toramezone, tralkoxydim, triafamones, triallates, triasulfuron, triaziflam , Triazofenamides, tribenuron, tribenuron-methyl, trichloroacetic acid (TCA), triclopyr, tridiphane, trietazine, trifloxysulfuron, trifloxysulfuron sodium, trifluralin, triflusulfuron, triflusulfuron-methyl, trimeturon, trinexapac, trinexapac-ethyl, tritosulfuron, Tsitodef, Uniconazole, Uniconazole-P, Vernolate, ZJ-0862, ie 3,4-dichloro-N- {2 - [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) oxy] benzyl} aniline, and the following compounds:
  • Figure 00230001
  • Herbicides whose phytotoxic side effects on crops can be reduced by means of safeners according to the invention are known e.g. Herbicides from the group of carbamates, thiocarbamates, haloacetanilides, substituted phenoxy, naphthoxy and Phenoxyphenoxycarbonsäure derivatives and heteroaryloxy-phenoxyalkanecarboxylic acid derivatives such as quinoloyloxy, quinoxalyl-oxy, pyridyloxy, Benzoxazolyloxy- and Benzthiazolyloxyphenoxyalkan-carboxylic acid esters, Cyclohexandionoxime, Benzoylcyclohexandione , Benzoylisoxazoles, benzoylpyrazoles, imidazolinones, pyrimidinyloxypyridinecarboxylic acid derivatives, pyrimidyloxybenzoic acid derivatives, sulfonylureas, sulfonylaminocarbonyltriazolinones, triazolo-pyrimidine-sulfonamide derivatives, phosphinic acid derivatives and their salts, glycine derivatives, triazolinones, triazinones and S- (N-aryl-N-alkylcarbamoylmethyl ) -dithiophosphoric acid esters, pyridinecarboxylic acids, pyridines, pyridinecarboxamides, 1,3,5-triazines, oxadiazolones and others.
  • Preference is given to Phenoxyphenoxy- and Heteroaryloxyphenoxycarbonsäureester and salts, Cyclohexandionoxime, Benzoylcyclohexandione, Benzoylisoxazole, Benzoylpyrazole, sulfonylureas, Sulfonylaminocarbonyltriazolinone, imidazolinones and Oxadiazolone and mixtures of these drugs with each other and / or with active ingredients that are used to extend the spectrum of action of the herbicides, e.g. Bentazone, cyanazine, atrazine, bromoxynil, dicamba and other foliar herbicides.
  • Suitable herbicides for use with the safeners according to the invention are, for example, those shown in Tables 2 and 2a below:
  • Table 2 - Preferred combination partners to the safeners according to the invention (ordered according to structural classes):
    • A) Herbicides of the phenoxyphenoxy- and heteroaryloxyphenoxy-carboxylic acid-type derivatives, such as
    • A1) phenoxyphenoxy- and benzyloxyphenoxy-carboxylic acid derivatives, eg methyl 2- (4- (2,4-dichlorophenoxy) -phenoxy) -propionate (diclofop-methyl), 2- (4- (4-bromo-2-chlorophenoxy) -phenoxy ) propionic acid methyl ester ( DE-A 26 01 548 ), 2- (4- (4-bromo-2-fluorophenoxy) phenoxy) propionic acid methyl ester ( US-A 4,808,750 ), 2- (4- (2-chloro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid methyl ester ( DE-A 24 33 067 ), Methyl 2- (4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethylphenoxy) phenoxy) propionate ( US-A 4,808,750 ), 2- (4- (2,4-dichlorobenzyl) phenoxy) propionic acid methyl ester ( DE-A 24 17 487 ), 4- (4- (4-trifluoromethylphenoxy) phenoxy) pent-2-enoic acid ethyl ester, 2- (4- (4-trifluoromethylphenoxy) phenoxy) propionic acid methyl ester ( DE-A 24 33 067 ); (R) -2- [4- (4-cyano-2-fluorophenoxy) phenoxy] -propionic acid butyl ester (cyhalofop-butyl);
    • A2) "mononuclear" heteroaryloxyphenoxyalkanecarboxylic acid derivatives, eg ethyl 2- (4- (3,5-dichloropyridyl-2-oxy) phenoxy) propionate ( EP-A 0 002 925 ), 2- (4- (3,5-dichloropyridyl-2-oxy) phenoxy) propionic acid propargyl ester ( EP-A 0 003 114 ), (RS) or (R) -2- (4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid methyl ester (haloxyfop-methyl or haloxyfop-P-methyl), 2- ( Ethyl 4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) phenoxy) propionate ( EP-A 0 003 890 ), 2- (4- (5-chloro-3-fluoro-pyridyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid propargyl ester (clodinafop-propargyl), (RS) - or (R) -2- (4- (5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid butyl ester (Fluazifopbutyl or Fluazifop-P-butyl); (R) -2- [4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) phenoxy] propionic acid ;,
    • A3) "binuclear" Heteroaryloxyphenoxy-alkanecarboxylic acid derivatives, eg (RS) - or (R) -2- (4- (6-chloro-2-quinoxalyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid methyl ester and ethyl ester (quizalofop-methyl and -ethyl or Quizalofop-P-methyl and -P-ethyl), 2- (4- (6-fluoro-2-quinoxalyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid methyl ester (s. J. Pest. Sci. Vol. 10, 61 (1985) ), (R) -2- (4- (6-chloro-2-quinoxalyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid 2-isopropylideneaminooxyethyl ester (propaquizafop), (RS) - or (R) -2- (4- (6-chlorobenzoxazole) 2-yloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid ethyl ester (fenoxaprop-ethyl or fenoxaprop-P-ethyl), 2- (4- (6-chlorobenzthiazol-2-yloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid ethyl ester ( DE-A-26 40 730 ), (RS) - or (R) -2- (4- (6-chloroquinoxalyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid tetrahydro-2-furylmethyl ester ( EP-A-0 323 727 ), (R) -2- [4- (6-chloro-1,3-benzoxazol-2-yloxy) phenoxy] -2'-fluoro-N-methylpropionanilide (Metamifop).
    • B) herbicides from the series of sulfonylureas, such as pyrimidine or triazinylaminocarbonyl [benzene, pyridine, pyrazole, thiophene and (alkylsulfonyl) alkylamino] sulfamides. Preferred substituents on the pyrimidine ring or triazine ring are alkoxy, alkyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, halogen or dimethylamino, where all substituents are independently combinable. Preferred substituents in the benzene, pyridine, pyrazole, thiophene or (alkylsulfonyl) alkylamino moiety are alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, nitro, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl, alkylaminocarbonyl, dialkylaminocarbonyl, alkoxyaminocarbonyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkoxyalkyl, ( alkanesulfonyl) alkylamino. Such suitable sulfonylureas are, for example
    • B1) phenyl and benzylsulfonylureas and related compounds, eg 1- (2-chlorophenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) urea (chlorosulfuron), 1- ( 2-ethoxycarbonylphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-chloro-6-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (chlorimuron-ethyl), 1- (2-methoxyphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3, 5-triazin-2-yl) urea (metsulfuron-methyl), 1- (2-chloroethoxyphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) urea (triasulfuron) , 1- (2-Methoxycarbonylphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl) urea (sulfometuron-methyl), 1- (2-methoxycarbonyl-phenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1, 3,5-triazin-2-yl) -3-methylurea (tribenuron-methyl), 1- (2-methoxycarbonylbenzylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (bensulfuron-methyl), 1- (2-Methoxycarbonylphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-bis (difluoromethoxy) pyrimidin-2-yl) urea (primisulfuron-methyl), 3- (4-ethyl-6-methoxy-1,3,5-triazine -2-yl) -1- (2,3-dihydro-1,1-dioxo-2-methylbenzo- [b] thiophen-7-sulfonyl) ha substance ( EP-A 0 796 83 ), 3- (4-ethoxy-6-ethyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) -1- (2,3-dihydro-1,1-dioxo-2-methylbenzo [b] thiophene) 7-sulfonyl) urea ( EP-A 0 079 683 ) ,, 3- (4-Methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) -1- (2-methoxycarbonyl-5-iodo-phenylsulfonyl) -urea ( WO 92/13845 ), 2- [4-dimethylamino-6- (2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy) -1,3,5-triazin-2-ylcarbamoylsulfamoyl] -3-methyl-benzoic acid methyl ester (DPX-66037, triflusulfuron-methyl), 2 - [(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl) carbamoylsulfamoyl] benzoic acid oxetan-3-yl ester (CGA-277476, oxasulfuron), 4-iodo-2- [3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3 , 5-triazin-2-yl) ureidosulfonyl] -benzoic acid methyl ester, sodium salt (iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium), 2- [3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -uridosulfonyl] -4-methanesulfonylamino-methyl-benzoic acid methyl ester ( mesosulfuron-methyl, WO 95/10507 ), N, N-dimethyl-2- [3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) ureidosulfonyl] -4-formylamino-benzamide (foramsulfuron, WO 95/01344 ), 1- (4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) -3- [2- (2-methoxyethoxy) phenylsulfonyl] urea (cinosulfuron), 2 - [(4-ethoxy-6 -methylamino-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) carbamoylsulfamoyl] benzoic acid methyl ester (ethametsulfuron-methyl), 1- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) - 3- [2- (3,3,3-trifluoropropyl) phenylsulfonyl] urea (prosulfuron), 1- (4-methoxy-6-trifluoromethyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) -3- (2 -trifluoromethylbenzenesulfonyl) urea (tritosulfuron), N - [(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl) carbamoyl] -2-nitrobenzenesulfonamide (monosulfuron), methyl 2 - [({[4-methoxy-6- (methylthio) pyrimidine] 2-yl] carbamoyl} amino) sulfonyl] benzoate;
    • B2) thienylsulfonylureas, e.g. 1- (2-Methoxycarbonylthiophen-3-yl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) urea (thifensulfuron-methyl);
    • B3) pyrazolylsulfonylureas, eg 1- (4-ethoxycarbonyl-1-methylpyrazol-5-ylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (pyrazosulfuron-ethyl), 3-chloro-5- (4, 6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2- ylcarbamoylsulfamoyl) -1-methyl-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester (halosulfuron-methyl), 5- (4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-ylcarbamoylsulfamoyl) -1- (2-pyridyl) -pyrazole-4-carbo-bonsäureäthylester (NC- 330, s. Brighton Crop Prot. Conference 'Weeds' 1991, Vol. 1, p. 45 ff. ), 1- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -3- [1-methyl-4- (2-methyl-2H-tetrazol-5-yl) pyrazol-5-ylsulphonyl] urea (DPX-A8947, azimsulfuron), N - [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) carbamoyl] -4- (5,5-dimethyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) -1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol 5-sulfonamide;
    • B4) Sulfondiamide derivatives, eg 3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -1- (N-methyl-N-methylsulfonylaminosulfonyl) urea (amidosulfuron) and its structural analogues ( EP-A 0 131 258 and Z. Pfl. Pfl. Schutz, Special Issue XII, 489-497 (1990) );
    • B5) Pyridylsulfonylureas, eg 1- (3-N, N-dimethylaminocarbonylpyridin-2-ylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (nicosulfuron), 1- (3-ethylsulfonylpyridin-2-ylsulfonyl) Methyl 3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (rimsulfuron), 2- [3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) ureidosulfonyl] -6-trifluoromethyl-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid, sodium salt ( DPX-KE 459, flupyrsulfuron-methyl-sodium), 3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -1- (3-N-methylsulfonyl-N-methylaminopyridin-2-yl) -sulfonylurea or its salts ( DE-A 40 00 503 and DE-A 40 30 577 ), 1- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -3- (3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridylsulfonyl) urea (flazasulfuron), 1- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -3- [3 - (2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy) -2-pyridylsulfonyl] urea sodium salt (trifloxysulfuron sodium), (1RS, 2RS, 1RS, 2SR) -1- {3 - [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-ylcarbamoyl ) sulfamoyl] -2-pyridyl} -2-fluoropropyl-methoxyacetate (flucetosulfuron);
    • B6) Alkoxyphenoxysulfonylureas, for example, 3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -1- (2-ethoxyphenoxy) sulfonylurea or its salts (ethoxysulfuron);
    • B7) imidazolylsulfonylureas, e.g. 1- (4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -3- (2-ethylsulfonylimidazo [1,2-a] pyridin-3-yl) sulfonylurea (MON 37500, sulfosulfuron), 1- (2-chloroimidazo [1, 2-a] pyridin-3-ylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (imazosulfuron), 2-chloro-N - [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) carbamoyl] -6-propylimidazo [1,2-b] pyridazin-3-sulfonamide;
    • B8) phenylaminosulfonylureas, e.g. 1- [2- (Cyclopropylcarbonyl) phenylaminosulfonyl] -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (cyclosulfamuron), 1- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -3- [2- (dimethylcarbamoyl ) phenylsulfamoyl] urea (orthosulfamuron).
    • C) Chloroacetanilides, e.g. Acetochlor, alachlor, butachlor, dimethachlor, dimethenamid, dimethenamid-P; Metazachlor, metolachlor, S-metolachlor, pethoxamide, pretilachlor, propachlor, propisochlor and thenylchlor.
    • D) thiocarbamates, e.g. S-ethyl-N, N-dipropylthiocarbamate (EPTC), S-ethyl-N, N-diisobutylthiocarbamate (butylate), pyributicarb, methasulfocarb, cycloate, dimepiperate, esprocarb, molinate, orbencarb, pebulate, prosulfocarb, thiobencarb, tiocarbazil, trisubstituted Allate, Vernolate.
    • E) cyclohexanedione oximes, e.g. Alloxydim, Butroxydim, Clethodim, Cloproxydim, Cycloxydim, Profoxydim, Sethoxydim, Tepraloxydim and Tralkoxydim.
    • F) imidazolinones, e.g. Imazamethabenz-methyl, Imazapic, Imazamox, Imazapyr, Imazaquin and Imazethapyr.
    • G) Triazolopyrimidine sulfonamide derivatives, e.g. Chloransulam-methyl, diclosulam, florasulam, flumetsulam, metosulam, penoxsulam, i. 2- (2,2-Difluoroethoxy) -N- (5,8-dimethoxy [1,2,4] triazolo [1,5-c] pyrimidin-2-yl) -6- (trifluoromethyl) benzenesulfonamide, and pyroxsulam ie N- (5,7-dimethoxy [1,2,4] triazolo [1,5-a] pyrimidin-2-yl) -2-methoxy-4- (trifluoromethyl) -3-pyridinesulfonamide.
    • H) benzoylcyclohexanediones, eg 2- (2-chloro-4-methylsulfonylbenzoyl) -cyclohexane-1,3-dione (SC-0051, sulctotrione), 2- (2-nitrobenzoyl) -4,4-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1, 3-dion ( EP-A 0 274 634 ), 2- (2-nitro-3-methylsulfonylbenzoyl) -4,4-dimethylcyclohexane-1,3-dione ( WO 91/13548 ), 2- [4- (methylsulfonyl) -2-nitrobenzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione (mesotrione), 2- [2-chloro-3- (5-cyanomethyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) - 4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3- (5-cyanomethyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1, 3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3- (5-ethoxymethyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro -3- (5-ethoxymethyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3 - [(2,2,2 trifluoroethoxy) methyl] -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3 - [(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy) methyl] -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl ] -1,3-cyclohexanedione (tembotrione), 2- [2-chloro-3 - [(2,2-difluoroethoxy) methyl] -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2 Chloro-3 - [(2,2-difluoroethoxy) methyl] -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3 - [(2,2,3,3- tetrafluoro-propoxy) methyl] -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3 - [(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoro-propoxy) methyl ] -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3- (cyclopropylmethoxy) -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2- Chloro-3- (cyclopropylmethoxy) -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3- (tetrahydrofuran-2-ylmethoxymethyl) -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1 , 3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3- (tetrahydrofuran-2-ylmethoxymethyl) -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione (tefuryltrione), 2- [2-chloro-3- [ 2- (2-methoxyethoxy) ethoxymethyl] -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2- [2-chloro-3- [2- (2-methoxyethoxy) -ethoxymethyl] -4- ( methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, 3 - ({2 - [(2-methoxyethoxy) methyl] -6- (trifluoromethyl) pyridin-3-yl} carbonyl) bicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2 , 4-dione ( WO 2001094339 ).
    • I) benzoylisoxazoles, eg 5-cyclopropyl- [2- (methylsulfonyl) -4- (trifluoromethyl) benzoyl] isoxazole (isoxaflutole), (4-chloro-2-mesylphenyl) (5-cyclopropyl-1,2-oxazole-4- yl) methanone (isoxachlorotole).
    • J) Benzoylpyrazoles, eg 2- [4- (2,4-dichloro-m-toluoyl) -1,3-dimethylpyrazol-5-yloxy] -4'-methylacetophenone (benzofenap), 4- (2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) 1,3-dimethylpyrazol-5-yl toluene-4-sulfonate (pyrazolynate), 2- [4- (2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) -1,3-dimethylpyrazol-5-yloxy] acetophenone (pyrazoxyfene), 5-hydroxy 1-methyl-4- [2- (methylsulfonyl) -4-trifluoromethyl-benzoyl] -pyrazole ( WO 01/74785 ), 1-ethyl-5-hydroxy-4- [2- (methylsulfonyl) -4-trifluoromethyl-benzoyl] -pyrazole (WO 01/74785), 1,3-dimethyl-5-hydroxy-4- [2- (2-methyl) methylsulfonyl) -4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl] pyrazole (WO 01/74785), 1-ethyl-5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4- [2- (methylsulfonyl) -4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl] pyrazole (pyrasulfotole, WO 01/74785), 5-hydroxy-1-methyl-4 - [- 2-chloro-3- (4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) -4-methylsulphonyl-benzoyl] -pyrazole ( WO 99/58509 ), 5-hydroxy-1-methyl-4- [3- (4,5-dihydro-isoxazol-3-yl) -2-methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-benzoyl] -pyrazole (Topramezone, WO 99/58509), 1- Ethyl 5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4- [2-methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-3- (2-methoxy-ethylamino) -benzoyl] -pyrazole ( WO 96/26206 ), 3-cyclopropyl-5-hydroxy-1-methyl-4- [2-methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-3- (2-methoxy-ethylamino) -benzoyl] -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), 5-benzoxy- 1-ethyl-4- [2-methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-3- (2-methoxy-ethylamino) -benzoyl] -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), 1-ethyl-5-hydroxy-4- (3-dimethylamino 2-methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-benzoyl) -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), 5-hydroxy-1-methyl-4- (2-chloro-3-dimethylamino-4-methylsulfonyl-benzoyl) -pyrazole (WO 96 / 26206), 1-ethyl-5-hydroxy-4- (3-allylamino-2-chloro-4-methylsulphonyl-benzoyl) -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), 1-ethyl-5-hydroxy-4- (2 -methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-3-morpholinobenzoyl) pyrazole (WO 96/26206), 5-hydroxy-1-isopropyl-4- (2-chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-morpholinobenzoyl) -pyrazole ( WO 96/26206), 3-cyclopropyl-5-hydroxy-1-methyl-4- (2-chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-morpholinobenzoyl) pyrazole (WO 96/26206), 1,3-dimethyl 5-hydroxy-4- (2-chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoyl) -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), 1-ethyl-5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4- (2 -chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoyl) -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), 1-Ethyl-5-hydroxy-4- (2-chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoyl) -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (5-hydroxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole 4-yl) (3,3,4-trimethyl-1,1-dioxo-2,3-dihydro-1-benzothien-5-yl) -methanone ( US 2002/0016262 ), 1-methyl-4 - [(3,3,4-trimethyl-1,1-dioxide-2,3-dihydro-1-benzothien-5-yl) carbonyl] -1H-pyrazol-5-yl-propane 1-sulfonate (US 2002/0016262, WO 2002/015695 ), 3- (2-chloro-4-mesylbenzoyl) -2-phenylthiobicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-en-4-one (benzobicyclone).
    • K) sulfonylaminocarbonyltriazolinones, e.g. 4,5-Dihydro-3-methoxy-4-methyl-5-oxo-N- (2-trifluoromethoxyphenylsulfonyl) -1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-carboxamide sodium salt (flucarbazone sodium), 2- (4 , 5-Dihydro-4-methyl-5-oxo-3-propoxy-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) -carboxamidosulfonylbenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt (propoxycarbazone-Na), methyl-4 - [(4 , 5-dihydro-3-methoxy-4-methyl-5-oxo-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) carbonylsulfamoyl] -5-methylthiophene-3-carboxylate (thiencarbazone-methyl).
    • L) triazolinones, e.g. 4-Amino-N-tert-butyl-4,5-dihydro-3-isopropyl-5-oxo-1,2,4-1H-triazole-1-carboxamide (amicarbazone), 2- (2,4-dichloro) 5-prop-2-ynyloxyphenyl) -5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,2,4-triazolo [4,3-a] pyridine-3 (2H) -one (azafenidine), (RS) -2 chloro-3- [2-chloro-5- (4-difluoromethyl-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) -4-fluorophenyl] propionic acid ethyl ester (carfentrazone-ethyl), 2 ', 4'-dichloro-5' - (4-difluoromethyl-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl ) -methanesulfonanilide (sulfentrazone), 4- [4,5-dihydro-4-methyl-5-oxo-3- (trifluoromethyl) -1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl] -2 - [(ethylsulfonyl ) amino] -5-fluorobenzenecarbothioamide (Bencarbazone).
    • M) phosphinic acids and derivatives, e.g. 4- [hydroxy (methyl) phosphinoyl] -L-homoalanyl-L-alanyl-L-alanine (bilanafos), DL-homoalanin-4-yl (methyl) phosphinic acid ammonium salt (glufosinate-ammonium).
    • N) glycine derivatives, e.g. N- (phosphonomethyl) glycine and its salts (glyphosates and salts, for example the sodium salt or the isopropylammonium salt), N- (phosphonomethyl) glycine trimesium salt (sulfosates).
    • O) pyrimidinyloxypyridinecarboxylic acid derivatives; Pyrimidinyloxybenzoic acid derivatives or Pyrimidinylthiobenzoesäurederivate, eg 3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -oxypyridine-2-carboxylic acid benzyl ester ( EP-A 0 249 707 ), Methyl 3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) oxy-pyridine-2-carboxylate ( EP-A 0 249 707 ), 2,6-Bis [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) oxy] benzoic acid 1- (ethoxycarbonyl-oxyethyl) ester ( EP-A 0 472 113 ), 2,6-bis [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) oxy] benzoic acid (bispyribac sodium), isopropyl 4 - [[[2 - [(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl) oxy ] phenyl] methyl] amino] benzoate (pyribambenz-isopropyl, WO 2002034724 ), Propyl 4 - [[[2 - [(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl) oxy] phenyl] methyl] amino] benzoate (pyribambenz-propyl, WO 2002034724 ), Pyribenzoxime, pyriftalid, pyriminobac-methyl, pyrithiobac-sodium, pyrimisulfan.
    • P) S- (N-aryl-N-alkyl-carbamoylmethyl) -dithiophosphonic acid esters, such as S- [N- (4-chlorophenyl) -N-isopropyl-carbamoylmethyl] -O, O-dimethyl-dithiophosphate (anilophos).
    • Q) Triazinones, e.g. 3-Cyclohexyl-6-dimethylamino-1-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4- (1H, 3H) -dione (hexazinone), 4-amino-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-6 -phenyl-1,2,4-triazin-5-one (metamitron), 4-amino-6-tert-butyl-4,5-dihydro-3-methylthio-1,2,4-triazin-5-one ( metribuzin).
    • R) pyridinecarboxylic acids, e.g. Aminopyralid, clopyralid, fluroxypyr, picloram and triclopyr.
    • S) pyridines, e.g. Dithiopyr and thiazopyr.
    • T) pyridinecarboxamides, e.g. Diflufenican and picolinafen.
    • U) 1,3,5-triazines, eg, ametryn, atrazines, cyanazines, dimethametrin, prometon, prometryn, propazines, simazines, symetryn, terbumetone, terbuthylazines, terbutryn and trietazines.
    • V) plant growth regulators, e.g. Forchlorfenuron and thidiazuron.
    • W) ketoenols, e.g. 8- (2,6-diethyl-p-tolyl) -1,2,4,5-tetrahydro-7-oxo-7H-pyrazolo [1,2-d] [1,4,5] oxadiazepine-9-yl 2,2-dimethylpropionate (pinoxaden).
    • X) pyrazoles, e.g. 3- [5- (difluoromethoxy) -1-methyl-3- (trifluoromethyl) pyrazol-4-ylmethylsulfonyl] -4,5-dihydro-5,5-dimethyl-1,2-oxazoles (pyroxasulfones).
    • Y) oxadiazolones, e.g. Dimefuron, Methazole, Oxadiargyl and Oxadiazon.
  • The herbicides of groups A to Y, for example, from the above-mentioned writings, from "The Pesticide Manual", The British Crop Protection Council, 14th Edition, 2006 , or from the e-Pesticide Manual, Version 4.0, British Crop Protection Council 2006 or even from the "Compendium of Pesticide Common Names" known.
  • Table 2a - Preferred combination partners to the safeners according to the invention arranged according to the structural classes of the "Compendium of Pesticide Common Names" (in English notation):
    • Amide herbicides: allidochlor, amicarbazone, beflubutamide, benzadox, benzipram, bromobutide, cafenstrole, CDEA, cyprazole, dimethenamid (dimethenamid-P), diphenamid, epronaz, etnipromide, fentrazamide, flucarbazone, flupoxam, fomesafen, halosafen, huangcaoling, isocarbamide, isoxaben, napropamide, naptalam, pethoxamide, propyzamide, quinonamide, saflufenacil Code BAS H800, tebutam; ● anilide herbicides: chloranocryl, cisanilide, clomeprop, cypromide, diflufenican, erlujixiancaoan, etobenzanide, fenasulam, flufenacet, flufenican, ipfencarbazone, mefenacet, mefluidide, metamifop, monalide, naproanilide, pentanochlor, picolinafen, propanil, sulfentrazone, triafamone; ○ arylalanine herbicides: benzoylprop, flamprop (flamprop-M); ○ chloroacetanilide herbicides: acetochlor, alachlor, butachlor, butenachlor, delachlor, diethatyl, dimethachlor, ethachlor, ethaprochloro, metazachlor, metolachlor (S-metolachlor), pretilachlor, propachlor, propisochlor, prynachlor, terbuchlor, thenylchloro, xylachlor; ○ sulfonanilide herbicides: benzofluor, cloransulam, diclosulam, florasulam, flumetsulam, metosulam, perfluidone, profluazol, pyrimisulfan; ● sulfonamides herbicides: asulam, carbasulam, fenasulam, oryzalin, penoxsulam, pyroxsulam; ● thioamide herbicides: bencarbazone, chlorothiamide.
    • Aromatic acid herbicides: ● benzoic acid herbicides: chloramben, dicamba, 2,3,6-TBA, tricamba; ○ pyrimidinyloxybenzoic acid herbicides: bispyribac-sodium, pyriminobacmethyl; ○ pyrimidinylthiobenzoic acid herbicides: pyrithiobac; ● phthalic acid herbicides: chlorthal; ● picolinic acid herbicides: aminopyralid, clopyralid, picloram; ● quinolinecarboxylic acid herbicides, quinclorac, quinmerac.
    • Benzofuranyl alkylsulfonate herbicides: benfuresate, ethofumesate.
    • Benzoylcyclohexanedione herbicides: ketospiradox, mesotrione, sulcotrione, tefuryltrione code AVH301, tembotrione.
    • Cyclohexenes oxime herbicides: alloxydim, butroxydim, clethodim, cloproxydim, cycloxydim, profoxydim, sethoxydim, tepraloxydim, tralkoxydim.
    • Dinitroaniline herbicides: benfluralin, butraline, chlornidine, dinitramine, dipropalin, ethalfluralin, fluchloralin, isopropalin, methalpropalin, nitralin, oryzalin, pendimethalin, prodiamine, profluralin, trifluralin.
    • Diphenyl ether herbicides: ethoxyfen; Nitrophenyl ether herbicides: acifluorfen, aclonifen, bifenox, chloromethoxynil (chloromethoxyfen), chloronitrofen, etnipromide, fluorodifen, fluoroglycofen, fluoronitrofen, fomesafen, fucaomi, furyloxyfen, halosafen, lactofen, nitrofen, nitrofluorfen, oxyfluorfen.
    • Imidazolinone herbicides: imazamethabenz, imazamox, imazapic, imazapyr, imazaquin, imazethapyr.
    • Nitrile herbicides: bromobonil, bromoxynil, chloroxynil, dichlobenil, iodobonil, ioxynil, pyraclonil.
    • Organophosphorus herbicides: amiprofos-methyl, amiprophos, anilofos, bensulide, bilanafos, butamifos, 2,4-DEP, DMPA, EBEP, fosamine, glufosinate (glufosinate-P), glyphosate, huangcaoling, lvxiancaolin, piperophos, shuangjiaancaolin.
    • Oxadiazolone herbicides: dimefuron, methazole, oxadiargyl, oxadiazon.
    • Oxazole herbicides: carboxazoles, fenoxasulfones, isouron, isoxaben, isoxachlortole, isoxaflutole, methiozoline, monisouron, pyroxasulfone Code KIH 485, topramezone.
    • Phenoxy herbicides: bromofenoxime, clomeprop, 2,4-DEB, 2,4-DEP, difenopentene, disul, erbon, etnipromide, fenteracol, trifopsime; ● phenoxyacetic herbicides: 4-CPA, 2,4-D, 3,4-DA, iviancaolin, MCPA, MCPA-thioethyl, 2,4,5-T; ● phenoxybutyric herbicides: 4-CPB, 2,4-DB, 3,4-DB, MCPB, 2,4,5-TB; ● phenoxypropionic herbicides: cloprop, 4-CPP, dichloroprop (dichlorprop-P), 3,4-DP, fenoprop, mecoprop (mecoprop-P); ○ aryloxyphenoxypropionic herbicides: chlorazifop, clodinafop, clofop, cyhalofopbutyl, diclofop, fenoxaprop (fenoxaprop-P (-ethyl)), fenthiaprop, fluazifop (fluazifop-P), haloxyfop (haloxyfop-P), isoxapyrifop, kuicaoxi, metamifop, propaquizafop, quizalofop (quizalofop-P), trifop; ● sulfonylurea herbicides: ○ pyrimidinylsulfonylurea herbicides: amidosulfuron, azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, chlorimuron, cyclosulfamuron, ethoxysulfuron, flazasulfuron, flucetosulfuron, flupyrsulfuron, foramsulfuron, halosulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, mesosulfuron-methyl, metazosulfuron code NC620, methiopyrisulfuron, monosulfuron, nicosulfuron, orthosulfamuron, oxasulfuron, primisulfuron, propyrisulfuron code TH547, pyrazosulfuron, rimsulfuron, sulfometuron, sulfosulfuron, trifloxysulfuron, zuomihuanglong; ○ triazinylsulfonylurea herbicides: chlorosulfuron, cinosulfuron, ethametsulfuron-methyl, iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium, iofensulfuron, metsulfuron, prosulfuron, thifensulfuron, triasulfuron, tribenuron, triflusulfuron, tritosulfuron; ● thiadiazolylurea herbicides: buthiuron, ethidimuron, tebuthiuron, thiazafluron, thidiazuron.
    • Pyrazole herbicides: azimsulfuron, difenzoquat, halosulfuron, metazachlor, metazosulfuron, pyrazosulfuron-ethyl; ● benzoylpyrazoles herbicides: benzofenap, pyrasulfotole, pyrazolynate (pyrazolate), pyrazoxyfen, topramezone; ● phenylpyrazole herbicides: fluazolates, nipyraclofen, pinoxaden, pyraflufen.
    • Pyridines herbicides; aminopyralid, cliodinate, clopyralid, diflufenican, dithiopyr, flufenican, fluroxypyr, haloxydine, picloram, picolinafen, pyriclor, pyroxsulam, thiazopyr, triclopyr.
    • Quaternary ammonium herbicides: cyperquat, diethamquat, difenzoquat, diquat, morfamquat, paraquat.
    • Thiocarbamate herbicides: butylate, cycloate, di-allate, EPTC, esprocarb, ethiolate, isopolinate, methiobencarb, molinate, orbencarb, pebulate, prosulfocarb, pyributicarb, sulfallate, thiobencarb, tiocarbazil, tri-allate, vernolate.
    • Triazines herbicides: dipropetryn, fucaojing, trihydroxytriazines; ● chlorotriazine herbicides: atrazine, chlorazine, cyanazine, cyprazine, eglinazine, ipazine, mesoprazine, procyazine, proglinazine, propazine, sebuthylazine, simazine, terbuthylazine, trietazine; ● fluoroalkyltriazine herbicides: indaziflam, triaziflam; ● methoxytriazine herbicides: atraton, methometon, prometon, secbumetone, simeton, terbumeton; ● methylthiotriazine herbicides: ametryn, aziprotryne, cyanatryn, desmetryn, dimethametryn, methoprotryne, prometryn, simetryn, terbutryn.
    • Triazinone herbicides: ametridione, amibuzin, ethiozine, hexazinone, isomethiozine, metamitron, metribuzin.
    • Triazolones herbicides: amicarbazone, bencarbazone, carfentrazone ethyl, flucarbazone, ipfencarbazone, propoxycarbazone, sulfentrazone, thiencarbazonemethyl.
    • Urea herbicides: benzthiazuron, cumyluron, cycluron, dichloralurea, diflufenzopyr, isonoruron, isouron, methabenzthiazuron, monisouron, noruron; ● phenylurea herbicides, anisuron, buturon, chlorbromuron, chloroturon, chlorotoluron, chloroxuron, daimuron (dymron), difenoxuron, dimefuron, diuron, fenuron, fluometuron, fluothiuron, isoproturon, linuron, methuron, methyldymron, metobenzuron, metobromuron, metoxuron, monolinuron, monuron , neburon, parafluron, phenobenzuron, siduron, tetrafluron, thidiazuron.
    • Unclassified herbicides: acrolein, allyl alcohol, aminocyclopyrachlor, azafenidin, bentazone, bentranil, benzobicyclone, bicyclopyrone, buthidazole, calcium cyanamide, cambendichlor, chlorfenac, chlorfenprop, chlorflurazole, chlorofurenol, cinmethylin, clomazone, CPMF, cresol, cyanamide, ortho-dichlorobenzene, dimepiperate , dithioether, endothal, fluoromidine, fluridone, flurochloridone, flurtamone, fluthiacet, funaihecaoling, huancaiwo, indanofan, methoxyphenone, methyl isothiocyanate, OCH, oxaziclomefone, pelargonic acid, pentachlorophenol, pentoxazone, phenylmercury acetate, prosulfalin, pyribenzoxime, pyriftalid, quinoclamine, rhodethanil, sulglycapine, tavone, thidiazimin, tridiphane, trimeturon, tripropindan, tritac.
  • Some of the herbicides listed above according to structural types also have structurally similarities with regard to the mechanism of action and, in some cases, also show similarities in behavior in the combinations with the safeners (I).
  • Suitable herbicides for use with the safeners according to the invention are, for example, those from the following Table 3:
  • Table 3 - Herbicide groups and herbicides, classified according to effect-mechanistic or effect-phenomenological aspects:
    • (1) herbicides whose harmful effects develop over several days or weeks, for example
    • (1.1) herbicides which hinder or prevent the formation of chlorophyll (bleach herbicides), for example, (1.1.1) inhibitors of hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD inhibitors), such as (1.1.1.1) 2- (2- Chloro-4-methylsulfonylbenzoyl) -cyclohexane-1,3-dione (SC-0051, sulctotrione), (1.1.1.2) 2- (2-nitrobenzoyl) -4,4-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1,3-dione ( EP-A 0 274 634 ), (1.1.1.3) 2- (2-nitro-3-methylsulfonylbenzoyl) -4,4-dimethylcyclohexane-1,3-dione ( WO 91/13548 ), (1.1.1.4) 2- [4- (Methylsulfonyl) -2-nitrobenzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione (mesotrione), (1.1.1.5) 2- [2-Chloro-3- (5-cyanomethyl-4 , 5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.6) 2- [2-chloro-3- (5-cyanomethyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazole) 3-yl) -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.7) 2- [2-Chloro-3- (5-ethoxymethyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) - 4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.8) 2- [2-Chloro-3- (5-ethoxymethyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.9) 2- [2-Chloro-3 - [(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy) methyl] -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] - 1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.10) 2- [2-Chloro-3 - [(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy) methyl] -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione (tembotrione) , (1.1.1.11) 2- [2-Chloro-3 - [(2,2-difluoroethoxy) methyl] -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.12) 2- [2 -Chloro-3 - [(2,2-difluoroethoxy) methyl] -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.13) 2- [2-Chloro-3 - [(2,2 , 3,3-tetrafluoro-propoxy) methyl] -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.14) 2- [2-chloro-3 - [(2,2,3,3 tetrafluoropropoxy) methyl] -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.15) 2- [2-Chloro-3- (cyclopropylmethoxy) -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] - 1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.16) 2- [2-Chloro-3- (cyclopropylmethoxy) -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.17) 2- [2-Chloro -3- (tetrahydrofuran-2-ylmethoxymethyl) -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.18) 2- [2-Chloro-3- (tetrahydrofuran-2-ylmethoxymethyl) -4- (methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione (tefuryltrione), (1.1.1.19) 2- [2-Chloro-3- [2- (2-m ethoxyethoxy) ethoxymethyl] -4- (ethylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.20) 2- [2-Chloro-3- [2- (2-methoxyethoxy) -ethoxymethyl] -4- ( methylsulfonyl) benzoyl] -1,3-cyclohexanedione, (1.1.1.21) 3 - ({2 - [(2-methoxyethoxy) methyl] -6- (trifluoromethyl) pyridin-3-yl} carbonyl) bicyclo [3.2. 1] octane-2,4-diones ( WO 2001094339 ), (1.1.1.22) 5-Cyclopropyl- [2- (methylsulfonyl) -4- (trifluoromethyl) benzoyl] isoxazole (isoxaflutole), (1.1.1.23) 2- [4- (2,4-dichloro-m-toluoyl ) -1,3-dimethylpyrazol-5-yloxy] -4'-methylacetophenone (benzofenap), (1.1.1.24) 4- (2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) -1,3-dimethylpyrazol-5-yl-toluene-4-sulfonate (Pyrazolynates), (1.1.1.25) 2- [4- (2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) -1,3-dimethylpyrazol-5-yloxy] acetophenones (pyrazoxyfen), (1.1.1.26) 5-hydroxy-1-methyl- 4- [2- (methylsulfonyl) -4-trifluoromethyl-benzoyl] -pyrazole ( WO 01/74785 , (1.1.1.27) 1-Ethyl-5-hydroxy-4- [2- (methylsulfonyl) -4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl] pyrazole (WO 01/74785), (1.1.1.28) 1,3-dimethyl-5- hydroxy-4- [2- (methylsulfonyl) -4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl] pyrazole (WO 01/74785), (1.1.1.29) 1-ethyl-5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4- [2- (methylsulfonyl) 4-trifluoromethyl-benzoyl] pyrazole (pyrasulfotole, WO 01/74785), (1.1.1.30) 5-hydroxy-1-methyl-4 - [- 2-chloro-3- (4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl ) -4-methylsulfonylbenzoyl] pyrazole ( WO 99/58509 ), (1.1.1.31) 5-hydroxy-1-methyl-4- [3- (4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) -2-methyl-4-methylsulphonylbenzoyl] pyrazole (WO 99/58509), (1.1.1.32) 1-Ethyl-5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4- [2-methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-3- (2-methoxy-ethylamino) -benzoyl] pyrazole (Topramezone, WO 96/26206 ), (1.1.1.33) 3-Cyclopropyl-5-hydroxy-1-methyl-4- [2-methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-3- (2-methoxy-ethylamino) -benzoyl] -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), ( 1.1.1.34) 5-Benzoxy-1-ethyl-4- [2-methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-3- (2-methoxy-ethylamino) -benzoyl] -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1.1.35) 1 Ethyl 5-hydroxy-4- (3-dimethylamino-2-methyl-4-methylsulfonylbenzoyl) pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1.1.36) 5-hydroxy-1-methyl-4- (2 chloro-3-dimethylamino-4-methylsulphonylbenzoyl) pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1.1.37) 1-ethyl-5-hydroxy-4- (3-allylamino-2-chloro-4-methylsulphonylbenzoyl) pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1.1.38) 1-ethyl-5-hydroxy-4- (2-methyl-4-methylsulfonyl-3-morpholinobenzoyl) pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1 .1.39) 5-Hydroxy-1-isopropyl-4- (2-chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-morpholinobenzoyl) pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1.1.40) 3-cyclopropyl-5-hydroxy- 1-methyl-4- (2-chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-morpholino-benzoyl) -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1.1.41) 1,3-dimethyl-5-hydroxy-4- (2- chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoyl) pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1.1.4 2) 1-Ethyl-5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4- (2-chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoyl) -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1.1.43) 1 Ethyl 5-hydroxy-4- (2-chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-3-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoyl) -pyrazole (WO 96/26206), (1.1.1.44) (5-hydroxy-1-methyl 1H-pyrazol-4-yl) (3,3,4-trimethyl-1,1-dioxide-2,3-dihydro-1-benzothien-5-yl) -methanone ( US2002 / 0016262 ), (1.1.1.45) 1-Methyl-4 - [(3,3,4-trimethyl-1,1-dioxide-2,3-dihydro-1-benzothien-5-yl) carbonyl] -1H-pyrazole 5-yl-propane-1-sulfonate ( US2002 / 0016262 . WO 2002/015695 ), (1.1.1.46) Benzobicyclone, (1.1.1.47) Isoxachlortole.
    • (1.1.2) Inhibitors of carotenoid biosynthesis, including phytoene desaturase inhibitors, e.g. (1.1.2.1) norflurazon, (1.1.2.2) felubutamide, (1.1.2.3) fluridone, (1.1.2.4) flurochloridone, (1.1.2.5) flurtamone, (1.1.2.6) amitrole, (1.1.2.7) clomazone, ( 1.1.2.8) aclonifen, (1.1.2.9) diflufenican, (1.1.2.10) picolinafen.
    • (1.1.3) Inhibitors of dihydropteroate synthase (DHP synthase), e.g. (1.1.3.1) Asulam.
    • (1.2) herbicides which interfere with amino acid synthesis, such as (1.2.1) inhibitors of acetolactate synthase in plants, such as (1.2.1.1) 1- (2-chlorophenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl) 1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) urea (chlorosulfuron), (1.2.1.2) 1- (2-ethoxycarbonylphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-chloro-6-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (chlorimuron-ethyl ), (1.2.1.3) 1- (2-Methoxyphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) urea (metsulfuron-methyl), (1.2.1.4) 1- (2-chloroethoxyphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) urea (triasulfuron), (1.2.1.5) 1- (2-methoxycarbonylphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl) urea (sulfometuron-methyl), (1.2.1.6) 1- (2-Methoxycarbonylphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5 -triazin-2-yl) -3-methylurea (tribenuron-methyl), (1.2.1.7) 1- (2-methoxycarbonylbenzylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (bensulfuron-methyl), (1.2.1.8) 1- (2-Methoxycarbonylphenylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-bis (difluoromethoxy) pyrimidi n-2-yl) urea (primisulfuron-methyl), (1.2.1.9) 3- (4-ethyl-6-methoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) -1- (2,3- dihydro-1,1-dioxo-2-methylbenzo [b] thiophene-7-sulfonyl) urea ( EP-A 0 796 83 ), (1.2.1.10) 3- (4-Ethoxy-6-ethyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) -1- (2,3-dihydro-1,1-dioxo-2-methylbenzo [ b] -thiophene-7-sulfonyl) urea ( EP-A 0 079 683 ), (1.2.1.11) 3- (4-Methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) -1- (2-methoxycarbonyl-5-iodo-phenyl-sulfonyl) -urea ( WO 92/13845 ), (1.2.1.11a) a salt of the compound which can be used in agriculture (1.2.1.11), (1.2.1.11b) the sodium salt of the compound (1.2.1.11), ie 4-iodo-2- [3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2 -yl) ureidosulfonyl] -benzoic acid, sodium salt (iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium), (1.2.1.12) 2- [4-dimethylamino-6- (2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy) -1,3,5-triazin-2-ylcarbamoylsulfamoyl ] -3-methyl-benzoic acid methyl ester (DPX-66037, triflusulfuron-methyl), (1.2.1.13) 2 - [(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl) -carbamoyl-sulfamoyl] -benzoic acid oxetan-3-yl ester (CGA-277476, oxasulfuron ), (1.2.1.14) 2- [3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) ureidosulfonyl] -4-methanesulfonylaminomethyl-benzoic acid methyl ester (mesosulfuron-methyl, WO 95/10507 ), (1.2.1.14a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.1.14), (1.2.1.14b) the sodium salt of the compound (1.2.1.14), (1.2.1.15) N, N-dimethyl-2 - [3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) ureidosulfonyl] -4-formylamino-benzamide (foramsulfuron), WO 95/01344 ), (1.2.1.15a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.1.15), (1.2.1.15b) the sodium salt of the compound (1.2.1.15), (1.2.1.16) 1- (4,6- Dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) -3- [2- (2-methoxyethoxy) phenylsulfonyl] urea (cinosulfuron), (1.2.1.17) 2 - [(4-ethoxy-6-methylamino-1 , 3,5-triazin-2-yl) -carbamoylsulfamoyl] -benzoic acid methyl ester (ethametsulfuron-methyl), (1.2.1.18) 1- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2-yl) yl) -3- [2- (3,3,3-trifluoropropyl) -phenylsulfonyl] -urea (prosulfuron), (1.2.1.19) 2- (4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-ylcarbamoylsulfamoyl) -benzoic acid methyl ester (sulfometuronemethyl), (1.2.1.20) 1- (4-Methoxy-6-trifluoromethyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) -3- (2-trifluoromethylbenzenesulfonyl) urea (tritosulfuron), (1.2.1.21) N- [ (4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl) carbamoyl] -2-nitrobenzenesulfonamide (monosulfuron), (1.2.1.22) Methyl 2 - [({[4-methoxy-6- (methylthio) pyrimidin-2-yl] carbamoyl} amino ) -sulfonyl] benzoate, (1.2.1.23) 1- (2-Methoxycarbonylthiophen-3-yl) -3- (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-tria zin-2-yl) urea (thifensulfuron-methyl), (1.2.1.24) 1- (4-ethoxycarbonyl-1-methylpyrazol-5-yl-sulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (pyrazosulfuronethyl), (1.2.1.25) methyl 3-chloro-5- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-ylcarbamoylsulfamoyl) -1-methylpyrazole-4-carboxylate (halosulfuron-methyl), (1.2.1.26) 5- (4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl-carbamoylsulfamoyl) -1- (2-pyridyl) -pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester (NC-330, see. Brighton Crop Prot. Conference 'Weeds' 1991, Vol. 1, p. 45 ff ), (1.2.1.27) 1- (4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -3- [1-methyl-4- (2-methyl-2H-tetrazol-5-yl) pyrazol-5-ylsulphonyl] urea (DPX-A8947, azimsulfuron), (1.2.1.28) N - [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) carbamoyl] -4- (5,5-dimethyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) -1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrazole-5-sulfonamide, (1.2.1.29) 3- (4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -1- (N-methyl-N-methylsulfonylaminosulfonyl) urea (amidosulfuron) , (1.2.1.29a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.1.29), (1.2.1.29b) the sodium salt of the compound (1.2.1.29), (1.2.1.29c) structural analogues to amidosulfuron according to EP-A 0 131 258 and Z. Pfl. Pfl. Schutz, Special Issue XII, 489-497 (1990) , (1.2.1.30) 1- (3-N, N-dimethylaminocarbonylpyridin-2-ylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (nicosulfuron), (1.2.1.31) 1- (3 Ethylsulfonylpyridin-2-ylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (rimsulfuron), (1.2.1.32) 2- [3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) ureidosulfonyl] -6 methyl trifluoromethyl-3-pyridinecarboxylate, sodium salt (DPX-KE 459, flupyrsulfuron-methyl-sodium), (1.2.1.33) 3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -1- (3-N-methylsulfonyl-N -methyl-aminopyridin-2-yl) -sulfonylurea ( DE-A 40 00 503 and DE-A 40 30 577 ), (1.2.1.33a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.1.33), (1.2.1.33b) the sodium salt of the compound (1.2.1.33), (1.2.1.34) 1- (4,6- Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -3- (3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridylsulfonyl) urea (flazasulfuron), (1.2.1.35) 1- (4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -3- [3- (2 , 2,2-trifluoroethoxy) -2-pyridylsulfonyl] urea sodium salt (trifloxysulfuron sodium), (1.2.1.36) (1RS, 2RS, 1RS, 2SR) -1- {3 - [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine-2 -ylcarbamoyl) -sulfamoyl] -2-pyridyl} -2-fluoropropyl-methoxyacetate (flucetosulfuron), (1.2.1.37) 3- (4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -1- (2-ethoxyphenoxy) sulfonylurea ( Ethoxysulfuron), (1.2.1.37a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.1.37), (1.2.1.37b) the sodium salt of the compound (1.2.1.37), (1.2.1.38) 1- (4,6 -Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -3- (2-ethylsulfonylimidazo [1,2-a] pyridin-3-yl) sulfonylurea (MON 37500, sulfosulfuron), (1.2.1.39) 1- (2-chloroimidazo [1,2 -a] pyridin-3-ylsulfonyl) -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) harnst off (imazosulfuron), (1.2.1.40) 2-Chloro-N - [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) carbamoyl] -6-propylimidazo [1,2-b] pyridazine-3-sulfonamide, (1.2. 1.41) 1- [2- (Cyclopropylcarbonyl) phenylaminosulfonyl] -3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea (cyclosulfamuron), (1.2.1.42) 1- (4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) - 3- [2- (dimethylcarbamoyl) phenylsulfamoyl] urea (orthosulfamuron), (1.2.1.43) imazamethabenz-methyl, (1.2.1.44) imazapic, (1.2.1.45) imazamox, (1.2.1.46) imazapyr, (1.2.1.47 ) Imazaquin, (1.2.1.48) imazethapyr, (1.2.1.49) chloransulamethyl, (1.2.1.50) diclosulam, (1.2.1.51) florasulam, (1.2.1.52) flumetsulam, (1.2.1.53) metosulam, (1.2.1.54) Penoxsulam, (1.2.1.55) pyroxsulam, (1.2.1.56) 4,5-dihydro-3-methoxy-4-methyl-5-oxo-N- (2-trifluoromethoxyphenylsulfonyl) -1H-1,2,4-triazole- 1-carboxamide, (1.2.1.56a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.1.56), (1.2.1.56b) the sodium salt of the compound (1.2.1.56), ie flucarbazone sodium, (1.2.1.57) 2- (4,5-dihydro-4-methyl-5-oxo-3-propo xy-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) -carboxamidosulfonylbenzoic acid methyl ester, (1.2.1.57a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.1.57), (1.2.1.57b) the sodium salt of Compound (1.2.1.57), ie propoxycarbazone sodium, (1.2.1.58) Methyl 4 - [(4,5-dihydro-3-methoxy-4-methyl-5-oxo-1H-1,2,4-triazole -1-yl) carbonylsulfamoyl] -5-methylthiophene-3-carboxylate (thiencarbazone-methyl), (1.2.1.59) 3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) -oxy-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid benzyl ester ( EP-A 0 249 707 (1.2.1.60) Methyl 3- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) oxy-pyridine-2-carboxylate (EP-A 0 249 707), (1.2.1.61) 2,6-bis [(4 , 6- dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) oxy] benzoic acid 1- (ethoxycarbonyl oxyethyl) ester ( EP-A 0 472 113 (1.2.1.62) 2,6-bis [(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) oxy] benzoic acid, (1.2.1.62a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.1.62), (1.2.1.62b) the sodium salt of compound (1.2.1.62), ie bispyribac sodium, (1.2.1.63) isopropyl 4 - [[[2 - [(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl) -oxy] -phenyl] -methyl] -amino] -benzoate (pyribambenzisopropyl, WO 2002034724 ), (1.2.1.64) propyl 4 - [[[2 - [(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl) oxy] phenyl] methyl] amino] benzoate (pyribambenz-propyl, WO 2002034724 (1.2.1.65) Pyribenzoxime, (1.2.1.66) Pyriftalid, (1.2.1.67) Pyriminobac-methyl, (1.2.1.68) 2-Chloro-6- (4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-ylthio) benzoic acid, ( 1.2.1.68a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.1.68), (1.2.1.68b) the sodium salt of the compound (1.2.1.62), ie pyrithiobac-sodium, (1.2.1.69) pyrimisulfane.
    • (1.2.2) inhibitors of EPSP synthase, such as (1.2.2.1) N- (phosphonomethyl) glycine (glyphosate), (1.2.2.1a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.2.1), (1.2. 1.1b) the sodium salt of compound (1.2.2.1), (glyphosate sodium), (1.2.1.1c) the isopropylammonium salt of compound (1.2.2.1), (glyphosate isopropylammonium), (1.2.2.2) N- (phosphonomethyl ) glycine trimesium salt (sulfosate).
    • (1.2.3) Glutamine synthetase inhibitors, such as (1.2.3.1) 4- [hydroxy (methyl) phosphinoyl] -L-homoalanyl-L-alanyl-L-alanine (Bialaphos = bilanafos), (1.2.3.2) DL-homoalanin-4-yl (methyl) phosphinic acid (glufosinate), (1.2.3.1a) an agriculturally useful salt of the compound (1.2.3.1), (1.2.3.1b) the sodium salt of the compound (1.2.2.1) , (1.2.3.1c) the ammonium salt of the compound (1.2.3.1), (glufosinate-ammonium).
    • (1.3) inhibitors of lipid synthesis in plants, such as (1.3.1) inhibitors of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase), for example, (1.3.1.1) methyl 2- (4- (2,4-dichlorophenoxy) phenoxy) propionate (Diclofopmethyl), (1.3.1.1a) (R) -2- (4- (2,4-dichlorophenoxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid methyl ester (diclofop-P-methyl), (1.3.1.2) 2- (4- ( 4-bromo-2-chlorophenoxy) phenoxy) propionic acid methyl ester ( DE-A 26 01 548 ), (1.3.1.3) 2- (4- (4-Bromo-2-fluorophenoxy) phenoxy) propionic acid methyl ester ( US-A 4,808,750 ), (1.3.1.4) 2- (4- (2-Chloro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid methyl ester ( DE-A 24 33 067 ), (1.3.1.5) 2- (4- (2-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid methyl ester ( US-A 4,808,750 ), (1.3.1.6) methyl 2- (4- (2,4-dichlorobenzyl) phenoxy) propionate ( DE-A 24 17 487 ), (1.3.1.7) ethyl 4- (4- (4-trifluoromethylphenoxy) phenoxy) pent-2-enoate, (1.3.1.8) methyl 2- (4- (4-trifluoromethylphenoxy) phenoxy) propionate ( DE-A 24 33 067 ), (1.3.1.9) (R) 2- [4- (4-Cyano-2-fluorophenoxy) phenoxy] -propionic acid butyl ester (cyhalofop-butyl), (1.3.1.10) 2- (4- (3,5-dichloropyridyl 2-oxy) phenoxy) propionic acid ethyl ester ( EP-A 0 002 925 ), (1.3.1.11) 2- (4- (3,5-dichloropyridyl-2-oxy) phenoxy) propionic acid propargyl ester ( EP-A 0 003 114 ), (1.3.1.12) (RS) -2- (4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid (haloxyfop), (1.3.1.12a) methyl ester of (1.3.1.12 ), ie (haloxyfop-methyl), (1.3.1.12b) etotyl ester (= ethoxyethyl ester) of (1.3.1.12), ie (haloxyfop-etotyl), (1.3.1.12c) sodium salt of (1.3.1.12), ie Haloxyfop-Na), (1.3.1.12d) (R) -2- (4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid (Haloxyfop-P), (1.3.1.12e) Methyl ester of (1.3.1.12d), ie (haloxyfop-P-methyl), (1.3.1.12f) etotyl ester (= ethoxyethyl ester) of (1.3.1.12d), ie (haloxyfop-P-etotyl), (1.3.1.12 g) sodium salt of (1.3.1.12d), ie (haloxyfop-P-Na), (1.3.1.13) 2- (4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid ethyl ester ( EP-A 0 003 890 ), (1.3.1.14) 2- (4- (5-Chloro-3-fluoro-2-pyridyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid propargyl ester (clodinafop-propargyl), (1.3.1.15) (RS) -2- (4- (5 -Trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid butyl ester (Fluazifopbutyl), (1.3.1.15a) (R) -2- (4- (5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid butyl ester (Fluazifop-P) butyl), (1.3.1.16) (R) -2- [4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy) phenoxy] propionic acid, (1.3.1.17) (RS) -2- (4- (6 -Chloro-2-quinoxalyloxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid, (quizalofop), (1.3.1.17a) (R) -2- (4- (6-chloro-2-quinoxalyloxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid (Quizalofop-P ), (1.3.1.17b) ethyl esters of (1.3.1.17) (quizalofop-ethyl), (1.3.1.17c) methyl esters of (1.3.1.17) (quizalofopmethyl), (1.3.1.17d) tetrahydrofurfuryl esters of (1.3.1.17 ) (Quizalofop-tefuryl), (1.3.1.17e) ethyl ester of (1.3.1.17a) (quizalofop-P-ethyl), (1.3.1.17f) methyl ester of (1.3.1.17a) (quizalofop-P-methyl) , (1.3.1.17g) tetrahydrofurfuryl ester of (1.3.1.17a) (quizalofop-P-tefuryl), (1.3.1.18) (R) -2- (4- (6-chloro-2-quinox alyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid 2-isopropylideneaminooxyethyl ester (Propaquizafop), (1.3.1.19) 2- (4- (6-fluoro-2-quinoxalyloxy) phenoxy) propionic acid methyl ester (s. J. Pest. Sci. Vol. 10, 61 (1985)), (1.3.1.20) (RS) -2- (4- (6-chlorobenzoxazol-2-yl-oxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid (fenoxaprop), (1.3.1.20a) ethyl ester of (1.3.1.20), ie fenoxaprop-ethyl, (1.3.1.20b) (R) -2- (4- (6-chlorobenzoxazol-2-yl-oxy) -phenoxy) -propionic acid (fenoxaprop-P), (1.3 .1.20c) ethyl ester of (1.3.1.20b), ie fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, (1.3.1.21) ethyl 2- (4- (6-chlorobenzthiazol-2-yloxy) phenoxy) propionate ( DE-A-26 40 730 ), (1.3.1.22) (R) -2- [4- (6-Chloro-1,3-benzoxazol-2-yloxy) phenoxy] -2'-fluoro-N-methylpropionanilide (Metamifop), (1.3.1.23 ) Alloxydim, (1.3.1.24) butroxydim, (1.3.1.25) clethodim, (1.3.1.26) cloproxydim, (1.3.1.27) cycloxydim, (1.3.1.28) profoxydim, (1.3.1.29) sethoxydim, (1.3.1.30) Tetraloxydim, (1.3.1.31) tralkoxydim, (1.3.1.32) 8- (2,6-diethyl-p-tolyl) -1,2,4,5-tetrahydro-7-oxo-7H-pyrazolo [1,2- d] [1,4,5] oxadiazepin-9-yl 2,2-dimethylpropionate (pinoxaden).
    • (1.3.2) Inhibitors of lipid synthesis with a different mechanism of action than ACCase inhibitors, for example (1.3.2.1) S-ethyl-N, N-dipropylthiocarbamate (EPTC), (1.3.2.2) S-ethyl-N, N- diisobutylthiocarbamate (butylate), (1.3.2.3) thiobencarb = benthiocarb, (1.3.2.4) cycloate, (1.3.2.5) dimepiperate, (1.3.2.6) esprocarb, (1.3.2.7) molinate, (1.3.2.8) orbencarb, ( 1.3.2.9) Pebulate, (1.3.2.10) Prosulfocarb, (1.3.2.11) Tiocarbazil, (1.3.2.12) Tri-allate, (1.3.2.13) Vernolate, (1.3.2.14) Bensulide, (1.3.2.15) Benfuresate, (1.3.2.16) ethofumesate, (1.3.2.17) TCA, (1.3.2.18) dalapon, (1.3.2.19) flupropanate.
    • (1.4) inhibitors of cell division and cell development, for example (1.4.1) inhibitors of cell wall synthesis (cellulose synthesis inhibitors), for example (1.4.1.1) dichlobenil, (1.4.1.2) chlorothiamide, (1.4.1.3) isoxaben, (1.4 .1.4) flupoxam, (1.4.1.5) triaziflam.
    • (1.4.2) Inhibitors of microtubules (inhibitors of microtubule formation and their organization), such as (1.4.2.1) benefin = benfluralin, (1.4.2.2) butraline, (1.4.2.3) dinitramine, (1.4.2.4) ethalfluralin, (1.4.2.5) oryzalin, (1.4.2.6) pendimethalin, (1.4.2.7) trifluralin, (1.4.2.8) amiprophos-methyl, (1.4.2.9) butamiphos, (1.4.2.10) propyzamide = pronamide, (1.4.2.11 ) Tebutam, (1.4.2.12) DCPA = chlorthal-dimethyl, (1.4.2.13) chloropropham, (1.4.2.14) propam, (1.4.2.15) carbamides, (1.4.2.16) dithiopyr, (1.4.2.17) thiazopyr.
    • (1.4.3) Inhibitors of mitosis or microtubule organization, such as (1.4.3.1) chlorpropham, (1.4.3.2) propham, (1.4.3.3) carbetamides.
    • (1.4.4) Long-chain fatty acid synthesis inhibitors (VLCFAs), such as (1.4.4.1) acetochlor, (1.4.4.2) alachlor, (1.4.4.3) butachlor, (1.4.4.4) dimethachlor, (1.4.4.5) dimethenamid , (1.4.4.6) metazachlor, (1.4.4.7) metolachlor, (1.4.4.8) S-metolachlor, (1.4.4.9) pethoxamide, (1.4.4.10) pretilachlor, (1.4.4.11) propachlor, (1.4.4.12) Propisochlor, (1.4.4.13) Thenylchloride, (1.4.4.14) Diphenamid, (1.4.4.15) Napropamide, (1.4.4.16) Naproanilides, (1.4.4.17) Flufenacet, (1.4.4.18) Mefenacetene, (1.4.4.19) Fentrazamide , (1.4.4.20) Cafenstrole, (1.4.4.21) Piperophos, (1.4.4.22) S- (N-Aryl-N-alkyl-carbamoylmethyl) -dithiophosphonic acid ester, (1.4.4.22a) S- [N- (4- Chlorophenyl) -N-isopropyl-carbamoylmethyl] -O, O-dimethyl-dithiophosphate (anilofos).
    • (1.5) herbicides which interrupt photosynthesis, such as (1.5.1) inhibitors of the photosynthesis II system, such as (1.5.1.1) Desmetryne, (1.5.1.2) bromacil, (1.5.1.3) lenacil, (1.5.1.4) Terbacil, (1.5.1.5) pyrazon = chloridazon, (1.5.1.6) desmedipham, (1.5.1.7) phenmedipham, (1.5.1.8) chlorobromuron, (1.5.1.9) chlorotoluron, (1.5.1.10) chloroxuron, (1.5.1.11 ) Dimefuron, (1.5.1.12) diuron, (1.5.1.13) ethidimuron, (1.5.1.14) fenuron, (1.5.1.15) fluometuron, (1.5.1.16) isoproturon, (1.5.1.17) isourone, (1.5.1.18) Linuron, (1.5.1.19) Methabenzthiazuron, (1.5.1.20) Metobromuron, (1.5.1.21) Metoxuron, (1.5.1.22) Monolinuron, (1.5.1.23) Neburon, (1.5.1.24) Siduron, (1.5.1.25) Tebuthiuron , (1.5.1.26) Propanil, (1.5.1.27) Pentanochlor, (1.5.1.28) Bromofenoxime, (1.5.1.29) Bromoxynil, (1.5.1.30) Ioxynil, (1.5.1.31) Bentazone, (1.5.1.32) Pyridates, (1.5.1.33) pyridafol, (1.5.1.34) 4-amino-N-tert-butyl-4,5-dihydro-3-isopropyl-5-oxo-1,2,4-1H-triazole-1-carboxamide ( Amicarbazone), (1.5.1.35) 3-cyclohexyl 6-dimethylamino-1-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4- (1H, 3H) -dione (hexazinone), (1.5.1.36) 4-amino-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl- 6-phenyl-1,2,4-triazin-5-one (metamitron), (1.5.1.37) 4-amino-6-tert-butyl-4,5-dihydro-3-methylthio-1,2,4- triazin-5-one (metribuzin), (1.5.1.38) ametryn, (1.5.1.39) atrazine, (1.5.1.40) cyanazine, (1.5.1.41) dimethametrine, (1.5.1.42) prometon, (1.5.1.43) protometry , (1.5.1.44) Propazine, (1.5.1.45) Simazine, (1.5.1.46) Symetryn, (1.5.1.47) Terbumetone, (1.5.1.48) Terbuthylazine, (1.5.1.49) Terbutryn, (1.5.1.50) Trietazine.
    • (1.6) herbicides which impair plant development by hormone-like effects, such as (1.6.1) clomeprop, (1.6.2) 2,4-D, (1.6.3) 2,4-DB, (1.6.4) dichlorprop = 2,4-DP, (1.6.5) MCPA, (1.6.6) MCPB, (1.6.7) mecoprop = MCPP = CMPP, (1.6.8) chlorambenes, (1.6.9) dicamba, (1.6.10) TBA, (1.6.11) Quinclorac, (1.6.12) Quinmerac, (1.6.13) Benazolin-ethyl, (1.6.14) Naptalam, (1.6.15) Diflufenzopyr-Na, (1.6.16) Aminopyralid, (1.6 .17) clopyralid, (1.6.18) fluroxypyr, (1.6.19) picloram, (1.6.20) triclopyr, (1.6.21) forchlorfenuron, (1.6.22) thidiazuron.
    • (1.7) Herbicides with still unconfirmed mechanism of action, such as (1.7.1) flamprop-M-methyl / -isopropyl, (1.7.2) difenzoquat, (1.7.3) DSMA, (1.7.4) MSMA, (1.7.5) Bromobutide, (1.7.6) (chloro) -flurenol, (1.7.7) cinmethylin, (1.7.8) cumyluron, (1.7.9) dazomet, (1.7.10) dymron = daimuron, (1.7.11) methyl- dimuron = methyldymrone, (1.7.12) etobenzanide, (1.7.13) fosamine, (1.7.14) indanofane, (1.7.15) metam, (1.7.16) oxaziclomefones, (1.7.17) pyributicarb.
    • (2) fast-acting herbicides, for example, (2.1) herbicides which interfere with electron transport in photosystem-I, such as (2.1.1) 1,1'-ethylene-2,2'-bipyridyldiylium salts (Diquat), ( 2.1.1a) the dibromide of (2.1.1) (diquat-dibromide), (2.1.2) 1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium salts (paraquat), (2.1.2a) the dichloride of ( 2.1.2) (paraquat dichloride).
    • (2.2) inhibitors of protoporphyrin oxidase, such as (2.2.1) acifluorfen-Na, (2.2.2) bifenox, (2.2.3) chloromethoxyfen, (2.2.4) fluoroglycofen-ethyl, (2.2.5) fomesafen, ( 2.2.6) halosafen, (2.2.7) lactofen, (2.2.8) oxyfluorfen, (2.2.9) fluazolates, (2.2.10) pyraflufen-ethyl, (2.2.11) cinidon-ethyl, (2.2.12) Flumioxazine, (2.2.13) flumicloracpentyl, (2.2.14) fluthiacet-methyl, (2.2.15) thidiazimine, (2.2.16) oxadizone, (2.2.17) oxadiargyl, (2.2.18) pentoxazones, (2.2.19 ) Benzfendizone, (2.2.20) Butafenacil, (2.2.21) Pyraclonil, (2.2.22) Profluazole, (2.2.23) Flufenpyr-ethyl, (2.2.24) 2- (2,4-Dichloro-5-prop 2-ynyloxyphenyl) -5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,2,4-triazolo [4,3-a] pyridine-3 (2H) -one (azafenidine), (2.2.25) (RS) -2-chloro-3- [2-chloro-5- (4-difluoromethyl-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) -4- fluorophenyl] propionic acid ethyl ester ( Carfentrazone-ethyl), (2.2.26) 2 ', 4'-dichloro-5' - (4-difluoromethyl-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-1,2,4-triazole 1-yl) -methanesulfonanilide (sulfentrazone), (2.2.27) 4- [4,5-dihydro-4-methyl-5-oxo-3- (trifluoromethyl) -1H-1,2,4-triazole-1 yl] -2 - [(ethylsulfonyl) amino] -5-fluorobenzenecarbothioamide (Bencarbazone).
    • (2.3) Destroyer of cell membranes in plants, such as (2.3.1) DNOC, (2.3.2) dinoseb, (2.3.3) dinotib.
    • (2.4) Herbicides with unknown mechanism of action, such as (2.4.1) oleic acid, (2.4.2) pelargonic acid.
  • The abovementioned herbicides of the groups (1) and (2) (see Table 3) and their subgroups are known from the documents cited above and defined with their chemical names or defined in the case of commercial products according to the "common names", which for example in "The Pesticide Manual", The British Crop Protection Council, 14th Edition, 2006 , or in the corresponding e-Pesticide Manual, Version 4.0, British Crop Protection Council 2006 or also in the "Compendium of Pesticide Common Names" are indicated.
  • If the commercially available active ingredients are preferably in the form of a specific salt or ester of the compound indicated, the reference to the compound preferably also applies to the customary commercial form, unless this is likewise stated.
  • Some of the herbicide groups (1) and (2) and their subgroups contain active substances from different structural classes. The respective herbicides of the same structural class from a group or subgroup to the mentioned groups (1) and (2) therefore each form a further preferred subgroup within the respective activity-mechanistic or phenomenological group. The abovementioned active compounds are suitable for combination with the safeners according to the invention (= Safener use of the seed treatment active ingredients from the groups of the conazole and triazole fungicides) in the crop protection agent, preferably in combination with the compounds (Ia), (Ib), (Ic), (Id), (Ie), ( If) or (Ig). Preference is given to the use according to the invention of the combination of the compounds (Ia), (Ib), (Ic), (Id), (Ie), (If) or (Ig) with one or more active substances from the group of herbicidal groups (1). , (1.1), (1.1.1), (1.1.2), (1.1.3), (1.2), (1.2.1), (1.2.2), (1.3), (1.3.1), ( 1.3.2), (1.4), (1.4.1), (1.4.2), (1.4.3), (1.4.4), (1.5), (1.5.1), (1.6), (1.7) , (2), (2.1), (2.2), (2.3) and (2.4).
  • The use according to the invention of the compounds (Ia), (Ib), (Ic), (Id), (Ie), (If) or (Ig) with one or more active substances from the abovementioned herbicidal group (1), 1.1), (1.1.1), (1.1.2), (1.1.3), (1.2), (1.2.1), (1.2.2), (1.3), (1.3.1), (1.3. 2), (1.4), (1.4.1), (1.4.2), (1.4.3), (1.4.4), (1.5), (1.5.1), (1.6), (1.7), ( 2), (2.1), (2.2), (2.3) or (2.4).
  • The use according to the invention of the compounds (Ia), (Ib), (Ic), (Id), (Ie), (If) or (Ig) is particularly preferred with those from the following Table 4:
  • Table 4 - Specific Use of the Herbicide-Safener Combinations:
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.1), (Ia) + (1.1.1.2), (Ia) + (1.1.1.3), (Ia) + (1.1.1.4), (Ia) + (1.1.1.5),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.6), (Ia) + (1.1.1.7), (Ia) + (1.1.1.8), (Ia) + (1.1.1.9), (Ia) + (1.1.1.10),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.11), (Ia) + (1.1.1.12), (Ia) + (1.1.1.13), (Ia) + (1.1.1.14), (Ia) + (1.1.1.15),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.16), (Ia) + (1.1.1.17), (Ia) + (1.1.1.18), (Ia) + (1.1.1.19), (Ia) + (1.1.1.20),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.21), (Ia) + (1.1.1.22), (Ia) + (1.1.1.23), (Ia) + (1.1.1.24), (Ia) + (1.1.1.25),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.26), (Ia) + (1.1.1.27), (Ia) + (1.1.1.28), (Ia) + (1.1.1.29), (Ia) + (1.1.1.30),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.31), (Ia) + (1.1.1.32), (Ia) + (1.1.1.33), (Ia) + (1.1.1.34), (Ia) + (1.1.1.35),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.36), (Ia) + (1.1.1.37), (Ia) + (1.1.1.38), (Ia) + (1.1.1.39), (Ia) + (1.1.1.40),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.41), (Ia) + (1.1.1.42), (Ia) + (1.1.1.43), (Ia) + (1.1.1.44), (Ia) + (1.1.1.45),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.1.46), (Ia) + (1.1.1.47), (Ia) + (1.1.2.1), (Ia) + (1.1.2.2), (Ia) + (1.1.2.3),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.2.4), (Ia) + (1.1.2.5), (Ia) + (1.1.2.6), (Ia) + (1.1.2.7), (Ia) + (1.1.2.8),
    • (Ia) + (1.1.2.9), (Ia) + (1.1.2.10), (Ia) + (1.1.3.1), (Ia) + (1.2.1.1), (Ia) + (1.2.1.2),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.3), (Ia) + (1.2.1.4), (Ia) + (1.2.1.5), (Ia) + (1.2.1.6), (Ia) + (1.2.1.7),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.8), (Ia) + (1.2.1.9), (Ia) + (1.2.1.10), (Ia) + (1.2.1.11), (Ia) + (1.2.1.11a) .
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.11b), (Ia) + (1.2.1.12), (Ia) + (1.2.1.13), (Ia) + (1.2.1.14),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.14a), (Ia) + (1.2.1.14b), (Ia) + (1.2.1.15), (Ia) + (1.2.1.15a),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.15b), (Ia) + (1.2.1.16), (Ia) + (1.2.1.17), (Ia) + (1.2.1.18),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.19), (Ia) + (1.2.1.20), (Ia) + (1.2.1.21), (Ia) + (1.2.1.22),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.23), (Ia) + (1.2.1.24), (Ia) + (1.2.1.25), (Ia) + (1.2.1.26),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.27), (Ia) + (1.2.1.28), (Ia) + (1.2.1.29), (Ia) + (1.2.1.29a),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.29b), (Ia) + (1.2.1.29c), (Ia) + (1.2.1.30), (Ia) + (1.2.1.31),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.32), (Ia) + (1.2.1.33), (Ia) + (1.2.1.33a), (Ia) + (1.2.1.34),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.35), (Ia) + (1.2.1.36), (Ia) + (1.2.1.37), (Ia) + (1.2.1.37a),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.37b), (Ia) + (1.2.1.38), (Ia) + (1.2.1.39), (Ia) + (1.2.1.40),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.41), (Ia) + (1.2.1.42), (Ia) + (1.2.1.43), (Ia) + (1.2.1.44),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.45), (Ia) + (1.2.1.46), (Ia) + (1.2.1.47), (Ia) + (1.2.1.48),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.49), (Ia) + (1.2.1.50), (Ia) + (1.2.1.51), (Ia) + (1.2.1.52),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.53), (Ia) + (1.2.1.54), (Ia) + (1.2.1.55), (Ia) + (1.2.1.56),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.56a), (Ia) + (1.2.1.56b), (Ia) + (1.2.1.57), (Ia) + (1.2.1.57a),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.57b), (Ia) + (1.2.1.58), (Ia) + (1.2.1.59), (Ia) + (1.2.1.60),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.61), (Ia) + (1.2.1.62), (Ia) + (1.2.1.62a), (Ia) + (1.2.1.62b),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.63), (Ia) + (1.2.1.64), (Ia) + (1.2.1.65), (Ia) + (1.2.1.66),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.67), (Ia) + (1.2.1.68), (Ia) + (1.2.1.68a), (Ia) + (1.2.1.68b),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.69), (Ia) + (1.2.2.1), (Ia) + (1.2.2.1a), (Ia) + (1.2.1.1b),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.1.1c), (Ia) + (1.2.2.2), (Ia) + (1.2.3), (Ia) + (1.2.3.1),
    • (Ia) + (1.2.3.2), (Ia) + (1.2.3.1a), (Ia) + (1.2.3.1b), (Ia) + (1.2.3.1c),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.1), (Ia) + (1.3.1.1a), (Ia) + (1.3.1.2), (Ia) + (1.3.1.3),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.4), (Ia) + (1.3.1.5), (Ia) + (1.3.1.6), (Ia) + (1.3.1.7),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.8), (Ia) + (1.3.1.9), (Ia) + (1.3.1.10), (Ia) + (1.3.1.11),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.12), (Ia) + (1.3.1.12a), (Ia) + (1.3.1.12b), (Ia) + (1.3.1.12c),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.12d), (Ia) + (1.3.1.12e), (Ia) + (1.3.1.12f), (Ia) + (1.3.1.12g),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.13), (Ia) + (1.3.1.14), (Ia) + (1.3.1.15), (Ia) + (1.3.1.15a),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.16), (Ia) + (1.3.1.17), (Ia) + (1.3.1.17a), (Ia) + (1.3.1.17b),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.17c), (Ia) + (1.3.1.17d), (Ia) + (1.3.1.17e), (Ia) + (1.3.1.17f),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.17g), (Ia) + (1.3.1.18), (Ia) + (1.3.1.19), (Ia) + (1.3.1.20),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.20a), (Ia) + (1.3.1.20b), (Ia) + (1.3.1.20c), (Ia) + (1.3.1.21),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.22), (Ia) + (1.3.1.23), (Ia) + (1.3.1.24), (Ia) + (1.3.1.25),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.26), (Ia) + (1.3.1.27), (Ia) + (1.3.1.28), (Ia) + (1.3.1.29),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.1.30), (Ia) + (1.3.1.31), (Ia) + (1.3.1.32), (Ia) + (1.3.2.1),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.2.2), (Ia) + (1.3.2.3), (Ia) + (1.3.2.4), (Ia) + (1.3.2.5),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.2.6), (Ia) + (1.3.2.7), (Ia) + (1.3.2.8), (Ia) + (1.3.2.9),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.2.10), (Ia) + (1.3.2.11), (Ia) + (1.3.2.12), (Ia) + (1.3.2.13),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.2.14), (Ia) + (1.3.2.15), (Ia) + (1.3.2.16), (Ia) + (1.3.2.17),
    • (Ia) + (1.3.2.18), (Ia) + (1.3.2.19), (Ia) + (1.4.1.1), (Ia) + (1.4.1.2),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.1.3), (Ia) + (1.4.1.4), (Ia) + (1.4.1.5), (Ia) + (1.4.2.1),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.2.2), (Ia) + (1.4.2.3), (Ia) + (1.4.2.4), (Ia) + (1.4.2.5),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.2.6), (Ia) + (1.4.2.7), (Ia) + (1.4.2.8), (Ia) + (1.4.2.9),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.2.10), (Ia) + (1.4.2.11), (Ia) + (1.4.2.12), (Ia) + (1.4.2.13),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.2.14), (Ia) + (1.4.2.15), (Ia) + (1.4.2.16), (Ia) + (1.4.2.17),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.3.1), (Ia) + (1.4.3.2), (Ia) + (1.4.3.3), (Ia) + (1.4.4.1),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.4.2), (Ia) + (1.4.4.3), (Ia) + (1.4.4.4), (Ia) + (1.4.4.5),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.4.6), (Ia) + (1.4.4.7), (Ia) + (1.4.4.8), (Ia) + (1.4.4.9),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.4.10), (Ia) + (1.4.4.11), (Ia) + (1.4.4.12), (Ia) + (1.4.4.13),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.4.14), (Ia) + (1.4.4.15), (Ia) + (1.4.4.16), (Ia) + (1.4.4.17),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.4.18), (Ia) + (1.4.4.19), (Ia) + (1.4.4.20), (Ia) + (1.4.4.21),
    • (Ia) + (1.4.4.22), (Ia) + (1.4.4.22a), (Ia) + (1.5.1.1), (Ia) + (1.5.1.2),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.3), (Ia) + (1.5.1.4), (Ia) + (1.5.1.5), (Ia) + (1.5.1.6),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.7), (Ia) + (1.5.1.8), (Ia) + (1.5.1.9), (Ia) + (1.5.1.10),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.11), (Ia) + (1.5.1.12), (Ia) + (1.5.1.13), (Ia) + (1.5.1.14),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.15), (Ia) + (1.5.1.16), (Ia) + (1.5.1.17), (Ia) + (1.5.1.18),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.19), (Ia) + (1.5.1.20), (Ia) + (1.5.1.21), (Ia) + (1.5.1.22),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.23), (Ia) + (1.5.1.24), (Ia) + (1.5.1.25), (Ia) + (1.5.1.26),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.27), (Ia) + (1.5.1.28), (Ia) + (1.5.1.29), (Ia) + (1.5.1.30),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.31), (Ia) + (1.5.1.32), (Ia) + (1.5.1.33), (Ia) + (1.5.1.34),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.35), (Ia) + (1.5.1.36), (Ia) + (1.5.1.37), (Ia) + (1.5.1.38),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.39), (Ia) + (1.5.1.40), (Ia) + (1.5.1.41), (Ia) + (1.5.1.42),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.43), (Ia) + (1.5.1.44), (Ia) + (1.5.1.45), (Ia) + (1.5.1.46),
    • (Ia) + (1.5.1.47), (Ia) + (1.5.1.48), (Ia) + (1.5.1.49), (Ia) + (1.5.1.50),
    • (Ia) + (1.6.1), (Ia) + (1.6.2), (Ia) + (1.6.3), (Ia) + (1.6.4), (Ia) + (1.6.5),
    • (Ia) + (1.6.6), (Ia) + (1.6.7), (Ia) + (1.6.8), (Ia) + (1.6.9), (Ia) + (1.6.10),
    • (Ia) + (1.6.11), (Ia) + (1.6.12), (Ia) + (1.6.13), (Ia) + (1.6.14), (Ia) + (1.6.15),
    • (Ia) + (1.6.16), (Ia) + (1.6.17), (Ia) + (1.6.18), (Ia) + (1.6.19), (Ia) + (1.6.20),
    • (Ia) + (1.6.21), (Ia) + (1.6.22), (Ia) + (1.7.1), (Ia) + (1.7.2), (Ia) + (1.7.3),
    • (Ia) + (1.7.4), (Ia) + (1.7.5), (Ia) + (1.7.6), (Ia) + (1.7.7), (Ia) + (1.7.8),
    • (Ia) + (1.7.9), (Ia) + (1.7.10), (Ia) + (1.7.11), (Ia) + (1.7.12), (Ia) + (1.7.13),
    • (Ia) + (1.7.14), (Ia) + (1.7.15), (Ia) + (1.7.16), (Ia) + (1.7.17), (Ia) + (2.1.1),
    • (Ia) + (2.1.1a), (Ia) + (2.1.2), (Ia) + (2.1.2a), (Ia) + (2.2.1), (Ia) + (2.2.2),
    • (Ia) + (2.2.3), (Ia) + (2.2.4), (Ia) + (2.2.5), (Ia) + (2.2.6), (Ia) + (2.2.7), (Ia) + (2.2.8),
    • (Ia) + (2.2.9), (Ia) + (2.2.10), (Ia) + (2.2.11), (Ia) + (2.2.12), (Ia) + (2.2.13),
    • (Ia) + (2.2.14), (Ia) + (2.2.15), (Ia) + (2.2.16), (Ia) + (2.2.17), (Ia) + (2.2.18),
    • (Ia) + (2.2.19), (Ia) + (2.2.20), (Ia) + (2.2.21), (Ia) + (2.2.22), (Ia) + (2.2.23),
    • (Ia) + (2.2.24), (Ia) + (2.2.25), (Ia) + (2.2.26), (Ia) + (2.2.27), (Ia) + (2.3.1),
    • (Ia) + (2.3.2), (Ia) + (2.3.3), (Ia) + (2.4.1) (Ia) + (2.4.2).
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.1), (Ib) + (1.1.1.2), (Ib) + (1.1.1.3), (Ib) + (1.1.1.4), (Ib) + (1.1.1.5),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.6), (Ib) + (1.1.1.7), (Ib) + (1.1.1.8), (Ib) + (1.1.1.9), (Ib) + (1.1.1.10),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.11), (Ib) + (1.1.1.12), (Ib) + (1.1.1.13), (Ib) + (1.1.1.14), (Ib) + (1.1.1.15),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.16), (Ib) + (1.1.1.17), (Ib) + (1.1.1.18), (Ib) + (1.1.1.19), (Ib) + (1.1.1.20),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.21), (Ib) + (1.1.1.22), (Ib) + (1.1.1.23), (Ib) + (1.1.1.24), (Ib) + (1.1.1.25),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.26), (Ib) + (1.1.1.27), (Ib) + (1.1.1.28), (Ib) + (1.1.1.29), (Ib) + (1.1.1.30),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.31), (Ib) + (1.1.1.32), (Ib) + (1.1.1.33), (Ib) + (1.1.1.34), (Ib) + (1.1.1.35),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.36), (Ib) + (1.1.1.37), (Ib) + (1.1.1.38), (Ib) + (1.1.1.39), (Ib) + (1.1.1.40),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.41), (Ib) + (1.1.1.42), (Ib) + (1.1.1.43), (Ib) + (1.1.1.44), (Ib) + (1.1.1.45),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.1.46), (Ib) + (1.1.1.47), (Ib) + (1.1.2.1), (Ib) + (1.1.2.2), (Ib) + (1.1.2.3),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.2.4), (Ib) + (1.1.2.5), (Ib) + (1.1.2.6), (Ib) + (1.1.2.7), (Ib) + (1.1.2.8),
    • (Ib) + (1.1.2.9), (Ib) + (1.1.2.10), (Ib) + (1.1.3.1), (Ib) + (1.2.1.1), (Ib) + (1.2.1.2),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.3), (Ib) + (1.2.1.4), (Ib) + (1.2.1.5), (Ib) + (1.2.1.6), (Ib) + (1.2.1.7),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.8), (Ib) + (1.2.1.9), (Ib) + (1.2.1.10), (Ib) + (1.2.1.11), (Ib) + (1.2.1.11a) .
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.11b), (Ib) + (1.2.1.12), (Ib) + (1.2.1.13), (Ib) + (1.2.1.14),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.14a), (Ib) + (1.2.1.14b), (Ib) + (1.2.1.15), (Ib) + (1.2.1.15a),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.15b), (Ib) + (1.2.1.16), (Ib) + (1.2.1.17), (Ib) + (1.2.1.18),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.19), (Ib) + (1.2.1.20), (Ib) + (1.2.1.21), (Ib) + (1.2.1.22),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.23), (Ib) + (1.2.1.24), (Ib) + (1.2.1.25), (Ib) + (1.2.1.26),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.27), (Ib) + (1.2.1.28), (Ib) + (1.2.1.29), (Ib) + (1.2.1.29a),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.29b), (Ib) + (1.2.1.29c), (Ib) + (1.2.1.30), (Ib) + (1.2.1.31),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.32), (Ib) + (1.2.1.33), (Ib) + (1.2.1.33a), (Ib) + (1.2.1.34),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.35), (Ib) + (1.2.1.36), (Ib) + (1.2.1.37), (Ib) + (1.2.1.37a),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.37b), (Ib) + (1.2.1.38), (Ib) + (1.2.1.39), (Ib) + (1.2.1.40),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.41), (Ib) + (1.2.1.42), (Ib) + (1.2.1.43), (Ib) + (1.2.1.44),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.45), (Ib) + (1.2.1.46), (Ib) + (1.2.1.47), (Ib) + (1.2.1.48),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.49), (Ib) + (1.2.1.50), (Ib) + (1.2.1.51), (Ib) + (1.2.1.52),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.53), (Ib) + (1.2.1.54), (Ib) + (1.2.1.55), (Ib) + (1.2.1.56),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.56a), (Ib) + (1.2.1.56b), (Ib) + (1.2.1.57), (Ib) + (1.2.1.57a),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.57b), (Ib) + (1.2.1.58), (Ib) + (1.2.1.59), (Ib) + (1.2.1.60),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.61), (Ib) + (1.2.1.62), (Ib) + (1.2.1.62a), (Ib) + (1.2.1.62b),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.63), (Ib) + (1.2.1.64), (Ib) + (1.2.1.65), (Ib) + (1.2.1.66),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.67), (Ib) + (1.2.1.68), (Ib) + (1.2.1.68a), (Ib) + (1.2.1.68b),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.69), (Ib) + (1.2.2.1), (Ib) + (1.2.2.1a), (Ib) + (1.2.1.1b),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.1.1c), (Ib) + (1.2.2.2), (Ib) + (1.2.3), (Ib) + (1.2.3.1),
    • (Ib) + (1.2.3.2), (Ib) + (1.2.3.1a), (Ib) + (1.2.3.1b), (Ib) + (1.2.3.1c),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.1), (Ib) + (1.3.1.1a), (Ib) + (1.3.1.2), (Ib) + (1.3.1.3),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.4), (Ib) + (1.3.1.5), (Ib) + (1.3.1.6), (Ib) + (1.3.1.7),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.8), (Ib) + (1.3.1.9), (Ib) + (1.3.1.10), (Ib) + (1.3.1.11),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.12), (Ib) + (1.3.1.12a), (Ib) + (1.3.1.12b), (Ib) + (1.3.1.12c),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.12d), (Ib) + (1.3.1.12e), (Ib) + (1.3.1.12f), (Ib) + (1.3.1.12g),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.13), (Ib) + (1.3.1.14), (Ib) + (1.3.1.15), (Ib) + (1.3.1.15a),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.16), (Ib) + (1.3.1.17), (Ib) + (1.3.1.17a), (Ib) + (1.3.1.17b),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.17c), (Ib) + (1.3.1.17d), (Ib) + (1.3.1.17e), (Ib) + (1.3.1.17f),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.17g), (Ib) + (1.3.1.18), (Ib) + (1.3.1.19), (Ib) + (1.3.1.20),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.20a), (Ib) + (1.3.1.20b), (Ib) + (1.3.1.20c), (Ib) + (1.3.1.21),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.22), (Ib) + (1.3.1.23), (Ib) + (1.3.1.24), (Ib) + (1.3.1.25),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.26), (Ib) + (1.3.1.27), (Ib) + (1.3.1.28), (Ib) + (1.3.1.29),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.1.30), (Ib) + (1.3.1.31), (Ib) + (1.3.1.32), (Ib) + (1.3.2.1),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.2.2), (Ib) + (1.3.2.3), (Ib) + (1.3.2.4), (Ib) + (1.3.2.5),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.2.6), (Ib) + (1.3.2.7), (Ib) + (1.3.2.8), (Ib) + (1.3.2.9),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.2.10), (Ib) + (1.3.2.11), (Ib) + (1.3.2.12), (Ib) + (1.3.2.13),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.2.14), (Ib) + (1.3.2.15), (Ib) + (1.3.2.16), (Ib) + (1.3.2.17),
    • (Ib) + (1.3.2.18), (Ib) + (1.3.2.19), (Ib) + (1.4.1.1), (Ib) + (1.4.1.2),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.1.3), (Ib) + (1.4.1.4), (Ib) + (1.4.1.5), (Ib) + (1.4.2.1),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.2.2), (Ib) + (1.4.2.3), (Ib) + (1.4.2.4), (Ib) + (1.4.2.5),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.2.6), (Ib) + (1.4.2.7), (Ib) + (1.4.2.8), (Ib) + (1.4.2.9),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.2.10), (Ib) + (1.4.2.11), (Ib) + (1.4.2.12), (Ib) + (1.4.2.13),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.2.14), (Ib) + (1.4.2.15), (Ib) + (1.4.2.16), (Ib) + (1.4.2.17),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.3.1), (Ib) + (1.4.3.2), (Ib) + (1.4.3.3), (Ib) + (1.4.4.1),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.4.2), (Ib) + (1.4.4.3), (Ib) + (1.4.4.4), (Ib) + (1.4.4.5),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.4.6), (Ib) + (1.4.4.7), (Ib) + (1.4.4.8), (Ib) + (1.4.4.9),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.4.10), (Ib) + (1.4.4.11), (Ib) + (1.4.4.12), (Ib) + (1.4.4.13),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.4.14), (Ib) + (1.4.4.15), (Ib) + (1.4.4.16), (Ib) + (1.4.4.17),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.4.18), (Ib) + (1.4.4.19), (Ib) + (1.4.4.20), (Ib) + (1.4.4.21),
    • (Ib) + (1.4.4.22), (Ib) + (1.4.4.22a), (Ib) + (1.5.1.1), (Ib) + (1.5.1.2),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.3), (Ib) + (1.5.1.4), (Ib) + (1.5.1.5), (Ib) + (1.5.1.6),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.7), (Ib) + (1.5.1.8), (Ib) + (1.5.1.9), (Ib) + (1.5.1.10),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.11), (Ib) + (1.5.1.12), (Ib) + (1.5.1.13), (Ib) + (1.5.1.14),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.15), (Ib) + (1.5.1.16), (Ib) + (1.5.1.17), (Ib) + (1.5.1.18),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.19), (Ib) + (1.5.1.20), (Ib) + (1.5.1.21), (Ib) + (1.5.1.22),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.23), (Ib) + (1.5.1.24), (Ib) + (1.5.1.25), (Ib) + (1.5.1.26),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.27), (Ib) + (1.5.1.28), (Ib) + (1.5.1.29), (Ib) + (1.5.1.30),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.31), (Ib) + (1.5.1.32), (Ib) + (1.5.1.33), (Ib) + (1.5.1.34),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.35), (Ib) + (1.5.1.36), (Ib) + (1.5.1.37), (Ib) + (1.5.1.38),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.39), (Ib) + (1.5.1.40), (Ib) + (1.5.1.41), (Ib) + (1.5.1.42),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.43), (Ib) + (1.5.1.44), (Ib) + (1.5.1.45), (Ib) + (1.5.1.46),
    • (Ib) + (1.5.1.47), (Ib) + (1.5.1.48), (Ib) + (1.5.1.49), (Ib) + (1.5.1.50),
    • (Ib) + (1.6.1), (Ib) + (1.6.2), (Ib) + (1.6.3), (Ib) + (1.6.4), (Ib) + (1.6.5),
    • (Ib) + (1.6.6), (Ib) + (1.6.7), (Ib) + (1.6.8), (Ib) + (1.6.9), (Ib) + (1.6.10),
    • (Ib) + (1.6.11), (Ib) + (1.6.12), (Ib) + (1.6.13), (Ib) + (1.6.14), (Ib) + (1.6.15),
    • (Ib) + (1.6.16), (Ib) + (1.6.17), (Ib) + (1.6.18), (Ib) + (1.6.19), (Ib) + (1.6.20),
    • (Ib) + (1.6.21), (Ib) + (1.6.22), (Ib) + (1.7.1), (Ib) + (1.7.2), (Ib) + (1.7.3),
    • (Ib) + (1.7.4), (Ib) + (1.7.5), (Ib) + (1.7.6), (Ib) + (1.7.7), (Ib) + (1.7.8),
    • (Ib) + (1.7.9), (Ib) + (1.7.10), (Ib) + (1.7.11), (Ib) + (1.7.12), (Ib) + (1.7.13),
    • (Ib) + (1.7.14), (Ib) + (1.7.15), (Ib) + (1.7.16), (Ib) + (1.7.17), (Ib) + (2.1.1),
    • (Ib) + (2.1.1a), (Ib) + (2.1.2), (Ib) + (2.1.2a), (Ib) + (2.2.1), (Ib) + (2.2.2),
    • (Ib) + (2.2.3), (Ib) + (2.2.4), (Ib) + (2.2.5), (Ib) + (2.2.6), (Ib) + (2.2.7), (Ib) + (2.2.8),
    • (Ib) + (2.2.9), (Ib) + (2.2.10), (Ib) + (2.2.11), (Ib) + (2.2.12), (Ib) + (2.2.13),
    • (Ib) + (2.2.14), (Ib) + (2.2.15), (Ib) + (2.2.16), (Ib) + (2.2.17), (Ib) + (2.2.18),
    • (Ib) + (2.2.19), (Ib) + (2.2.20), (Ib) + (2.2.21), (Ib) + (2.2.22), (Ib) + (2.2.23),
    • (Ib) + (2.2.24), (Ib) + (2.2.25), (Ib) + (2.2.26), (Ib) + (2.2.27), (Ib) + (2.3.1),
    • (Ib) + (2.3.2), (Ib) + (2.3.3), (Ib) + (2.4.1) (Ib) + (2.4.2).
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.1), (Ic) + (1.1.1.2), (Ic) + (1.1.1.3), (Ic) + (1.1.1.4), (Ic) + (1.1.1.5),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.6), (Ic) + (1.1.1.7), (Ic) + (1.1.1.8), (Ic) + (1.1.1.9), (Ic) + (1.1.1.10),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.11), (Ic) + (1.1.1.12), (Ic) + (1.1.1.13), (Ic) + (1.1.1.14), (Ic) + (1.1.1.15),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.16), (Ic) + (1.1.1.17), (Ic) + (1.1.1.18), (Ic) + (1.1.1.19), (Ic) + (1.1.1.20),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.21), (Ic) + (1.1.1.22), (Ic) + (1.1.1.23), (Ic) + (1.1.1.24), (Ic) + (1.1.1.25),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.26), (Ic) + (1.1.1.27), (Ic) + (1.1.1.28), (Ic) + (1.1.1.29), (Ic) + (1.1.1.30),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.31), (Ic) + (1.1.1.32), (Ic) + (1.1.1.33), (Ic) + (1.1.1.34), (Ic) + (1.1.1.35),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.36), (Ic) + (1.1.1.37), (Ic) + (1.1.1.38), (Ic) + (1.1.1.39), (Ic) + (1.1.1.40),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.41), (Ic) + (1.1.1.42), (Ic) + (1.1.1.43), (Ic) + (1.1.1.44), (Ic) + (1.1.1.45),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.1.46), (Ic) + (1.1.1.47), (Ic) + (1.1.2.1), (Ic) + (1.1.2.2), (Ic) + (1.1.2.3),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.2.4), (Ic) + (1.1.2.5), (Ic) + (1.1.2.6), (Ic) + (1.1.2.7), (Ic) + (1.1.2.8),
    • (Ic) + (1.1.2.9), (Ic) + (1.1.2.10), (Ic) + (1.1.3.1), (Ic) + (1.2.1.1), (Ic) + (1.2.1.2),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.3), (Ic) + (1.2.1.4), (Ic) + (1.2.1.5), (Ic) + (1.2.1.6), (Ic) + (1.2.1.7),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.8), (Ic) + (1.2.1.9), (Ic) + (1.2.1.10), (Ic) + (1.2.1.11), (Ic) + (1.2.1.11a) .
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.11b), (Ic) + (1.2.1.12), (Ic) + (1.2.1.13), (Ic) + (1.2.1.14),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.14a), (Ic) + (1.2.1.14b), (Ic) + (1.2.1.15), (Ic) + (1.2.1.15a),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.15b), (Ic) + (1.2.1.16), (Ic) + (1.2.1.17), (Ic) + (1.2.1.18),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.19), (Ic) + (1.2.1.20), (Ic) + (1.2.1.21), (Ic) + (1.2.1.22),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.23), (Ic) + (1.2.1.24), (Ic) + (1.2.1.25), (Ic) + (1.2.1.26),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.27), (Ic) + (1.2.1.28), (Ic) + (1.2.1.29), (Ic) + (1.2.1.29a),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.29b), (Ic) + (1.2.1.29c), (Ic) + (1.2.1.30), (Ic) + (1.2.1.31),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.32), (Ic) + (1.2.1.33), (Ic) + (1.2.1.33a), (Ic) + (1.2.1.34),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.35), (Ic) + (1.2.1.36), (Ic) + (1.2.1.37), (Ic) + (1.2.1.37a),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.37b), (Ic) + (1.2.1.38), (Ic) + (1.2.1.39), (Ic) + (1.2.1.40),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.41), (Ic) + (1.2.1.42), (Ic) + (1.2.1.43), (Ic) + (1.2.1.44),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.45), (Ic) + (1.2.1.46), (Ic) + (1.2.1.47), (Ic) + (1.2.1.48),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.49), (Ic) + (1.2.1.50), (Ic) + (1.2.1.51), (Ic) + (1.2.1.52),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.53), (Ic) + (1.2.1.54), (Ic) + (1.2.1.55), (Ic) + (1.2.1.56),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.56a), (Ic) + (1.2.1.56b), (Ic) + (1.2.1.57), (Ic) + (1.2.1.57a),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.57b), (Ic) + (1.2.1.58), (Ic) + (1.2.1.59), (Ic) + (1.2.1.60),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.61), (Ic) + (1.2.1.62), (Ic) + (1.2.1.62a), (Ic) + (1.2.1.62b),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.63), (Ic) + (1.2.1.64), (Ic) + (1.2.1.65), (Ic) + (1.2.1.66),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.67), (Ic) + (1.2.1.68), (Ic) + (1.2.1.68a), (Ic) + (1.2.1.68b),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.69), (Ic) + (1.2.2.1), (Ic) + (1.2.2.1a), (Ic) + (1.2.1.1b),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.1.1c), (Ic) + (1.2.2.2), (Ic) + (1.2.3), (Ic) + (1.2.3.1),
    • (Ic) + (1.2.3.2), (Ic) + (1.2.3.1a), (Ic) + (1.2.3.1b), (Ic) + (1.2.3.1c),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.1), (Ic) + (1.3.1.1a), (Ic) + (1.3.1.2), (Ic) + (1.3.1.3),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.4), (Ic) + (1.3.1.5), (Ic) + (1.3.1.6), (Ic) + (1.3.1.7),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.8), (Ic) + (1.3.1.9), (Ic) + (1.3.1.10), (Ic) + (1.3.1.11),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.12), (Ic) + (1.3.1.12a), (Ic) + (1.3.1.12b), (Ic) + (1.3.1.12c),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.12d), (Ic) + (1.3.1.12e), (Ic) + (1.3.1.12f), (Ic) + (1.3.1.12g),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.13), (Ic) + (1.3.1.14), (Ic) + (1.3.1.15), (Ic) + (1.3.1.15a),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.16), (Ic) + (1.3.1.17), (Ic) + (1.3.1.17a), (Ic) + (1.3.1.17b),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.17c), (Ic) + (1.3.1.17d), (Ic) + (1.3.1.17e), (Ic) + (1.3.1.17f),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.17g), (Ic) + (1.3.1.18), (Ic) + (1.3.1.19), (Ic) + (1.3.1.20),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.20a), (Ic) + (1.3.1.20b), (Ic) + (1.3.1.20c), (Ic) + (1.3.1.21),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.22), (Ic) + (1.3.1.23), (Ic) + (1.3.1.24), (Ic) + (1.3.1.25),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.26), (Ic) + (1.3.1.27), (Ic) + (1.3.1.28), (Ic) + (1.3.1.29),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.1.30), (Ic) + (1.3.1.31), (Ic) + (1.3.1.32), (Ic) + (1.3.2.1),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.2.2), (Ic) + (1.3.2.3), (Ic) + (1.3.2.4), (Ic) + (1.3.2.5),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.2.6), (Ic) + (1.3.2.7), (Ic) + (1.3.2.8), (Ic) + (1.3.2.9),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.2.10), (Ic) + (1.3.2.11), (Ic) + (1.3.2.12), (Ic) + (1.3.2.13),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.2.14), (Ic) + (1.3.2.15), (Ic) + (1.3.2.16), (Ic) + (1.3.2.17),
    • (Ic) + (1.3.2.18), (Ic) + (1.3.2.19), (Ic) + (1.4.1.1), (Ic) + (1.4.1.2),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.1.3), (Ic) + (1.4.1.4), (Ic) + (1.4.1.5), (Ic) + (1.4.2.1),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.2.2), (Ic) + (1.4.2.3), (Ic) + (1.4.2.4), (Ic) + (1.4.2.5),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.2.6), (Ic) + (1.4.2.7), (Ic) + (1.4.2.8), (Ic) + (1.4.2.9),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.2.10), (Ic) + (1.4.2.11), (Ic) + (1.4.2.12), (Ic) + (1.4.2.13),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.2.14), (Ic) + (1.4.2.15), (Ic) + (1.4.2.16), (Ic) + (1.4.2.17),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.3.1), (Ic) + (1.4.3.2), (Ic) + (1.4.3.3), (Ic) + (1.4.4.1),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.4.2), (Ic) + (1.4.4.3), (Ic) + (1.4.4.4), (Ic) + (1.4.4.5),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.4.6), (Ic) + (1.4.4.7), (Ic) + (1.4.4.8), (Ic) + (1.4.4.9),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.4.10), (Ic) + (1.4.4.11), (Ic) + (1.4.4.12), (Ic) + (1.4.4.13),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.4.14), (Ic) + (1.4.4.15), (Ic) + (1.4.4.16), (Ic) + (1.4.4.17),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.4.18), (Ic) + (1.4.4.19), (Ic) + (1.4.4.20), (Ic) + (1.4.4.21),
    • (Ic) + (1.4.4.22), (Ic) + (1.4.4.22a), (Ic) + (1.5.1.1), (Ic) + (1.5.1.2),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.3), (Ic) + (1.5.1.4), (Ic) + (1.5.1.5), (Ic) + (1.5.1.6),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.7), (Ic) + (1.5.1.8), (Ic) + (1.5.1.9), (Ic) + (1.5.1.10),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.11), (Ic) + (1.5.1.12), (Ic) + (1.5.1.13), (Ic) + (1.5.1.14),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.15), (Ic) + (1.5.1.16), (Ic) + (1.5.1.17), (Ic) + (1.5.1.18),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.19), (Ic) + (1.5.1.20), (Ic) + (1.5.1.21), (Ic) + (1.5.1.22),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.23), (Ic) + (1.5.1.24), (Ic) + (1.5.1.25), (Ic) + (1.5.1.26),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.27), (Ic) + (1.5.1.28), (Ic) + (1.5.1.29), (Ic) + (1.5.1.30),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.31), (Ic) + (1.5.1.32), (Ic) + (1.5.1.33), (Ic) + (1.5.1.34),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.35), (Ic) + (1.5.1.36), (Ic) + (1.5.1.37), (Ic) + (1.5.1.38),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.39), (Ic) + (1.5.1.40), (Ic) + (1.5.1.41), (Ic) + (1.5.1.42),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.43), (Ic) + (1.5.1.44), (Ic) + (1.5.1.45), (Ic) + (1.5.1.46),
    • (Ic) + (1.5.1.47), (Ic) + (1.5.1.48), (Ic) + (1.5.1.49), (Ic) + (1.5.1.50),
    • (Ic) + (1.6.1), (Ic) + (1.6.2), (Ic) + (1.6.3), (Ic) + (1.6.4), (Ic) + (1.6.5),
    • (Ic) + (1.6.6), (Ic) + (1.6.7), (Ic) + (1.6.8), (Ic) + (1.6.9), (Ic) + (1.6.10),
    • (Ic) + (1.6.11), (Ic) + (1.6.12), (Ic) + (1.6.13), (Ic) + (1.6.14), (Ic) + (1.6.15),
    • (Ic) + (1.6.16), (Ic) + (1.6.17), (Ic) + (1.6.18), (Ic) + (1.6.19), (Ic) + (1.6.20),
    • (Ic) + (1.6.21), (Ic) + (1.6.22), (Ic) + (1.7.1), (Ic) + (1.7.2), (Ic) + (1.7.3),
    • (Ic) + (1.7.4), (Ic) + (1.7.5), (Ic) + (1.7.6), (Ic) + (1.7.7), (Ic) + (1.7.8),
    • (Ic) + (1.7.9), (Ic) + (1.7.10), (Ic) + (1.7.11), (Ic) + (1.7.12), (Ic) + (1.7.13),
    • (Ic) + (1.7.14), (Ic) + (1.7.15), (Ic) + (1.7.16), (Ic) + (1.7.17), (Ic) + (2.1.1),
    • (Ic) + (2.1.1a), (Ic) + (2.1.2), (Ic) + (2.1.2a), (Ic) + (2.2.1), (Ic) + (2.2.2),
    • (Ic) + (2.2.3), (Ic) + (2.2.4), (Ic) + (2.2.5), (Ic) + (2.2.6), (Ic) + (2.2.7), (Ic) + (2.2.8),
    • (Ic) + (2.2.9), (Ic) + (2.2.10), (Ic) + (2.2.11), (Ic) + (2.2.12), (Ic) + (2.2.13),
    • (Ic) + (2.2.14), (Ic) + (2.2.15), (Ic) + (2.2.16), (Ic) + (2.2.17), (Ic) + (2.2.18),
    • (Ic) + (2.2.19), (Ic) + (2.2.20), (Ic) + (2.2.21), (Ic) + (2.2.22), (Ic) + (2.2.23),
    • (Ic) + (2.2.24), (Ic) + (2.2.25), (Ic) + (2.2.26), (Ic) + (2.2.27), (Ic) + (2.3.1),
    • (Ic) + (2.3.2), (Ic) + (2.3.3), (Ic) + (2.4.1) (Ic) + (2.4.2).
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.1), (Id) + (1.1.1.2), (Id) + (1.1.1.3), (Id) + (1.1.1.4), (Id) + (1.1.1.5),
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.6), (Id) + (1.1.1.7), (Id) + (1.1.1.8), (Id) + (1.1.1.9), (Id) + (1.1.1.10),
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.11), (Id) + (1.1.1.12), (Id) + (1.1.1.13), (Id) + (1.1.1.14), (Id) + (1.1.1.15),
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.16), (Id) + (1.1.1.17), (Id) + (1.1.1.18), (Id) + (1.1.1.19), (Id) + (1.1.1.20),
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.21), (Id) + (1.1.1.22), (Id) + (1.1.1.23), (Id) + (1.1.1.24), (Id) + (1.1.1.25),
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.26), (Id) + (1.1.1.27), (Id) + (1.1.1.28), (Id) + (1.1.1.29), (Id) + (1.1.1.30),
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.31), (Id) + (1.1.1.32), (Id) + (1.1.1.33), (Id) + (1.1.1.34), (Id) + (1.1.1.35),
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.36), (Id) + (1.1.1.37), (Id) + (1.1.1.38), (Id) + (1.1.1.39), (Id) + (1.1.1.40),
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.41), (Id) + (1.1.1.42), (Id) + (1.1.1.43), (Id) + (1.1.1.44), (Id) + (1.1.1.45),
    • (Id) + (1.1.1.46), (Id) + (1.1.1.47), (Id) + (1.1.2.1), (Id) + (1.1.2.2), (Id) + (1.1.2.3),
    • (Id) + (1.1.2.4), (Id) + (1.1.2.5), (Id) + (1.1.2.6), (Id) + (1.1.2.7), (Id) + (1.1.2.8),
    • (Id) + (1.1.2.9), (Id) + (1.1.2.10), (Id) + (1.1.3.1), (Id) + (1.2.1.1), (Id) + (1.2.1.2),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.3), (Id) + (1.2.1.4), (Id) + (1.2.1.5), (Id) + (1.2.1.6), (Id) + (1.2.1.7),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.8), (Id) + (1.2.1.9), (Id) + (1.2.1.10), (Id) + (1.2.1.11), (Id) + (1.2.1.11a) .
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.11b), (Id) + (1.2.1.12), (Id) + (1.2.1.13), (Id) + (1.2.1.14),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.14a), (Id) + (1.2.1.14b), (Id) + (1.2.1.15), (Id) + (1.2.1.15a),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.15b), (Id) + (1.2.1.16), (Id) + (1.2.1.17), (Id) + (1.2.1.18),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.19), (Id) + (1.2.1.20), (Id) + (1.2.1.21), (Id) + (1.2.1.22),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.23), (Id) + (1.2.1.24), (Id) + (1.2.1.25), (Id) + (1.2.1.26),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.27), (Id) + (1.2.1.28), (Id) + (1.2.1.29), (Id) + (1.2.1.29a),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.29b), (Id) + (1.2.1.29c), (Id) + (1.2.1.30), (Id) + (1.2.1.31),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.32), (Id) + (1.2.1.33), (Id) + (1.2.1.33a), (Id) + (1.2.1.34),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.35), (Id) + (1.2.1.36), (Id) + (1.2.1.37), (Id) + (1.2.1.37a),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.37b), (Id) + (1.2.1.38), (Id) + (1.2.1.39), (Id) + (1.2.1.40),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.41), (Id) + (1.2.1.42), (Id) + (1.2.1.43), (Id) + (1.2.1.44),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.45), (Id) + (1.2.1.46), (Id) + (1.2.1.47), (Id) + (1.2.1.48),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.49), (Id) + (1.2.1.50), (Id) + (1.2.1.51), (Id) + (1.2.1.52),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.53), (Id) + (1.2.1.54), (Id) + (1.2.1.55), (Id) + (1.2.1.56),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.56a), (Id) + (1.2.1.56b), (Id) + (1.2.1.57), (Id) + (1.2.1.57a),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.57b), (Id) + (1.2.1.58), (Id) + (1.2.1.59), (Id) + (1.2.1.60),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.61), (Id) + (1.2.1.62), (Id) + (1.2.1.62a), (Id) + (1.2.1.62b),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.63), (Id) + (1.2.1.64), (Id) + (1.2.1.65), (Id) + (1.2.1.66),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.67), (Id) + (1.2.1.68), (Id) + (1.2.1.68a), (Id) + (1.2.1.68b),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.69), (Id) + (1.2.2.1), (Id) + (1.2.2.1a), (Id) + (1.2.1.1b),
    • (Id) + (1.2.1.1c), (Id) + (1.2.2.2), (Id) + (1.2.3), (Id) + (1.2.3.1),
    • (Id) + (1.2.3.2), (Id) + (1.2.3.1a), (Id) + (1.2.3.1b), (Id) + (1.2.3.1c),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.1), (Id) + (1.3.1.1a), (Id) + (1.3.1.2), (Id) + (1.3.1.3),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.4), (Id) + (1.3.1.5), (Id) + (1.3.1.6), (Id) + (1.3.1.7),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.8), (Id) + (1.3.1.9), (Id) + (1.3.1.10), (Id) + (1.3.1.11),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.12), (Id) + (1.3.1.12a), (Id) + (1.3.1.12b), (Id) + (1.3.1.12c),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.12d), (Id) + (1.3.1.12e), (Id) + (1.3.1.12f), (Id) + (1.3.1.12g),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.13), (Id) + (1.3.1.14), (Id) + (1.3.1.15), (Id) + (1.3.1.15a),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.16), (Id) + (1.3.1.17), (Id) + (1.3.1.17a), (Id) + (1.3.1.17b),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.17c), (Id) + (1.3.1.17d), (Id) + (1.3.1.17e), (Id) + (1.3.1.17f),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.17g), (Id) + (1.3.1.18), (Id) + (1.3.1.19), (Id) + (1.3.1.20),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.20a), (Id) + (1.3.1.20b), (Id) + (1.3.1.20c), (Id) + (1.3.1.21),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.22), (Id) + (1.3.1.23), (Id) + (1.3.1.24), (Id) + (1.3.1.25),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.26), (Id) + (1.3.1.27), (Id) + (1.3.1.28), (Id) + (1.3.1.29),
    • (Id) + (1.3.1.30), (Id) + (1.3.1.31), (Id) + (1.3.1.32), (Id) + (1.3.2.1),
    • (Id) + (1.3.2.2), (Id) + (1.3.2.3), (Id) + (1.3.2.4), (Id) + (1.3.2.5),
    • (Id) + (1.3.2.6), (Id) + (1.3.2.7), (Id) + (1.3.2.8), (Id) + (1.3.2.9),
    • (Id) + (1.3.2.10), (Id) + (1.3.2.11), (Id) + (1.3.2.12), (Id) + (1.3.2.13),
    • (Id) + (1.3.2.14), (Id) + (1.3.2.15), (Id) + (1.3.2.16), (Id) + (1.3.2.17),
    • (Id) + (1.3.2.18), (Id) + (1.3.2.19), (Id) + (1.4.1.1), (Id) + (1.4.1.2),
    • (Id) + (1.4.1.3), (Id) + (1.4.1.4), (Id) + (1.4.1.5), (Id) + (1.4.2.1),
    • (Id) + (1.4.2.2), (Id) + (1.4.2.3), (Id) + (1.4.2.4), (Id) + (1.4.2.5),
    • (Id) + (1.4.2.6), (Id) + (1.4.2.7), (Id) + (1.4.2.8), (Id) + (1.4.2.9),
    • (Id) + (1.4.2.10), (Id) + (1.4.2.11), (Id) + (1.4.2.12), (Id) + (1.4.2.13),
    • (Id) + (1.4.2.14), (Id) + (1.4.2.15), (Id) + (1.4.2.16), (Id) + (1.4.2.17),
    • (Id) + (1.4.3.1), (Id) + (1.4.3.2), (Id) + (1.4.3.3), (Id) + (1.4.4.1),
    • (Id) + (1.4.4.2), (Id) + (1.4.4.3), (Id) + (1.4.4.4), (Id) + (1.4.4.5),
    • (Id) + (1.4.4.6), (Id) + (1.4.4.7), (Id) + (1.4.4.8), (Id) + (1.4.4.9),
    • (Id) + (1.4.4.10), (Id) + (1.4.4.11), (Id) + (1.4.4.12), (Id) + (1.4.4.13),
    • (Id) + (1.4.4.14), (Id) + (1.4.4.15), (Id) + (1.4.4.16), (Id) + (1.4.4.17),
    • (Id) + (1.4.4.18), (Id) + (1.4.4.19), (Id) + (1.4.4.20), (Id) + (1.4.4.21),
    • (Id) + (1.4.4.22), (Id) + (1.4.4.22a), (Id) + (1.5.1.1), (Id) + (1.5.1.2),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.3), (Id) + (1.5.1.4), (Id) + (1.5.1.5), (Id) + (1.5.1.6),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.7), (Id) + (1.5.1.8), (Id) + (1.5.1.9), (Id) + (1.5.1.10),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.11), (Id) + (1.5.1.12), (Id) + (1.5.1.13), (Id) + (1.5.1.14),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.15), (Id) + (1.5.1.16), (Id) + (1.5.1.17), (Id) + (1.5.1.18),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.19), (Id) + (1.5.1.20), (Id) + (1.5.1.21), (Id) + (1.5.1.22),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.23), (Id) + (1.5.1.24), (Id) + (1.5.1.25), (Id) + (1.5.1.26),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.27), (Id) + (1.5.1.28), (Id) + (1.5.1.29), (Id) + (1.5.1.30),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.31), (Id) + (1.5.1.32), (Id) + (1.5.1.33), (Id) + (1.5.1.34),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.35), (Id) + (1.5.1.36), (Id) + (1.5.1.37), (Id) + (1.5.1.38),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.39), (Id) + (1.5.1.40), (Id) + (1.5.1.41), (Id) + (1.5.1.42),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.43), (Id) + (1.5.1.44), (Id) + (1.5.1.45), (Id) + (1.5.1.46),
    • (Id) + (1.5.1.47), (Id) + (1.5.1.48), (Id) + (1.5.1.49), (Id) + (1.5.1.50),
    • (Id) + (1.6.1), (Id) + (1.6.2), (Id) + (1.6.3), (Id) + (1.6.4), (Id) + (1.6.5),
    • (Id) + (1.6.6), (Id) + (1.6.7), (Id) + (1.6.8), (Id) + (1.6.9), (Id) + (1.6.10),
    • (Id) + (1.6.11), (Id) + (1.6.12), (Id) + (1.6.13), (Id) + (1.6.14), (Id) + (1.6.15),
    • (Id) + (1.6.16), (Id) + (1.6.17), (Id) + (1.6.18), (Id) + (1.6.19), (Id) + (1.6.20),
    • (Id) + (1.6.21), (Id) + (1.6.22), (Id) + (1.7.1), (Id) + (1.7.2), (Id) + (1.7.3),
    • (Id) + (1.7.4), (Id) + (1.7.5), (Id) + (1.7.6), (Id) + (1.7.7), (Id) + (1.7.8),
    • (Id) + (1.7.9), (Id) + (1.7.10), (Id) + (1.7.11), (Id) + (1.7.12), (Id) + (1.7.13),
    • (Id) + (1.7.14), (Id) + (1.7.15), (Id) + (1.7.16), (Id) + (1.7.17), (Id) + (2.1.1),
    • (Id) + (2.1.1a), (Id) + (2.1.2), (Id) + (2.1.2a), (Id) + (2.2.1), (Id) + (2.2.2),
    • (Id) + (2.2.3), (Id) + (2.2.4), (Id) + (2.2.5), (Id) + (2.2.6), (Id) + (2.2.7), (Id) + (2.2.8),
    • (Id) + (2.2.9), (Id) + (2.2.10), (Id) + (2.2.11), (Id) + (2.2.12), (Id) + (2.2.13),
    • (Id) + (2.2.14), (Id) + (2.2.15), (Id) + (2.2.16), (Id) + (2.2.17), (Id) + (2.2.18),
    • (Id) + (2.2.19), (Id) + (2.2.20), (Id) + (2.2.21), (Id) + (2.2.22), (Id) + (2.2.23),
    • (Id) + (2.2.24), (Id) + (2.2.25), (Id) + (2.2.26), (Id) + (2.2.27), (Id) + (2.3.1),
    • (Id) + (2.3.2), (Id) + (2.3.3), (Id) + (2.4.1) (Id) + (2.4.2).
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.1), (Ie) + (1.1.1.2), (Ie) + (1.1.1.3), (Ie) + (1.1.1.4), (Ie) + (1.1.1.5),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.6), (Ie) + (1.1.1.7), (Ie) + (1.1.1.8), (Ie) + (1.1.1.9), (Ie) + (1.1.1.10),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.11), (Ie) + (1.1.1.12), (Ie) + (1.1.1.13), (Ie) + (1.1.1.14), (Ie) + (1.1.1.15),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.16), (Ie) + (1.1.1.17), (Ie) + (1.1.1.18), (Ie) + (1.1.1.19), (Ie) + (1.1.1.20),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.21), (Ie) + (1.1.1.22), (Ie) + (1.1.1.23), (Ie) + (1.1.1.24), (Ie) + (1.1.1.25),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.26), (Ie) + (1.1.1.27), (Ie) + (1.1.1.28), (Ie) + (1.1.1.29), (Ie) + (1.1.1.30),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.31), (Ie) + (1.1.1.32), (Ie) + (1.1.1.33), (Ie) + (1.1.1.34), (Ie) + (1.1.1.35),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.36), (Ie) + (1.1.1.37), (Ie) + (1.1.1.38), (Ie) + (1.1.1.39), (Ie) + (1.1.1.40),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.41), (Ie) + (1.1.1.42), (Ie) + (1.1.1.43), (Ie) + (1.1.1.44), (Ie) + (1.1.1.45),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.1.46), (Ie) + (1.1.1.47), (Ie) + (1.1.2.1), (Ie) + (1.1.2.2), (Ie) + (1.1.2.3),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.2.4), (Ie) + (1.1.2.5), (Ie) + (1.1.2.6), (Ie) + (1.1.2.7), (Ie) + (1.1.2.8),
    • (Ie) + (1.1.2.9), (Ie) + (1.1.2.10), (Ie) + (1.1.3.1), (Ie) + (1.2.1.1), (Ie) + (1.2.1.2),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.3), (Ie) + (1.2.1.4), (Ie) + (1.2.1.5), (Ie) + (1.2.1.6), (Ie) + (1.2.1.7),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.8), (Ie) + (1.2.1.9), (Ie) + (1.2.1.10), (Ie) + (1.2.1.11), (Ie) + (1.2.1.11a) .
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.11b), (Ie) + (1.2.1.12), (Ie) + (1.2.1.13), (Ie) + (1.2.1.14),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.14a), (Ie) + (1.2.1.14b), (Ie) + (1.2.1.15), (Ie) + (1.2.1.15a),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.15b), (Ie) + (1.2.1.16), (Ie) + (1.2.1.17), (Ie) + (1.2.1.18),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.19), (Ie) + (1.2.1.20), (Ie) + (1.2.1.21), (Ie) + (1.2.1.22),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.23), (Ie) + (1.2.1.24), (Ie) + (1.2.1.25), (Ie) + (1.2.1.26),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.27), (Ie) + (1.2.1.28), (Ie) + (1.2.1.29), (Ie) + (1.2.1.29a),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.29b), (Ie) + (1.2.1.29c), (Ie) + (1.2.1.30), (Ie) + (1.2.1.31),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.32), (Ie) + (1.2.1.33), (Ie) + (1.2.1.33a), (Ie) + (1.2.1.34),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.35), (Ie) + (1.2.1.36), (Ie) + (1.2.1.37), (Ie) + (1.2.1.37a),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.37b), (Ie) + (1.2.1.38), (Ie) + (1.2.1.39), (Ie) + (1.2.1.40),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.41), (Ie) + (1.2.1.42), (Ie) + (1.2.1.43), (Ie) + (1.2.1.44),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.45), (Ie) + (1.2.1.46), (Ie) + (1.2.1.47), (Ie) + (1.2.1.48),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.49), (Ie) + (1.2.1.50), (Ie) + (1.2.1.51), (Ie) + (1.2.1.52),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.53), (Ie) + (1.2.1.54), (Ie) + (1.2.1.55), (Ie) + (1.2.1.56),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.56a), (Ie) + (1.2.1.56b), (Ie) + (1.2.1.57), (Ie) + (1.2.1.57a),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.57b), (Ie) + (1.2.1.58), (Ie) + (1.2.1.59), (Ie) + (1.2.1.60),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.61), (Ie) + (1.2.1.62), (Ie) + (1.2.1.62a), (Ie) + (1.2.1.62b),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.63), (Ie) + (1.2.1.64), (Ie) + (1.2.1.65), (Ie) + (1.2.1.66),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.67), (Ie) + (1.2.1.68), (Ie) + (1.2.1.68a), (Ie) + (1.2.1.68b),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.69), (Ie) + (1.2.2.1), (Ie) + (1.2.2.1a), (Ie) + (1.2.1.1b),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.1.1c), (Ie) + (1.2.2.2), (Ie) + (1.2.3), (Ie) + (1.2.3.1),
    • (Ie) + (1.2.3.2), (Ie) + (1.2.3.1a), (Ie) + (1.2.3.1b), (Ie) + (1.2.3.1c),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.1), (Ie) + (1.3.1.1a), (Ie) + (1.3.1.2), (Ie) + (1.3.1.3),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.4), (Ie) + (1.3.1.5), (Ie) + (1.3.1.6), (Ie) + (1.3.1.7),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.8), (Ie) + (1.3.1.9), (Ie) + (1.3.1.10), (Ie) + (1.3.1.11),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.12), (Ie) + (1.3.1.12a), (Ie) + (1.3.1.12b), (Ie) + (1.3.1.12c),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.12d), (Ie) + (1.3.1.12e), (Ie) + (1.3.1.12f), (Ie) + (1.3.1.12g),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.13), (Ie) + (1.3.1.14), (Ie) + (1.3.1.15), (Ie) + (1.3.1.15a),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.16), (Ie) + (1.3.1.17), (Ie) + (1.3.1.17a), (Ie) + (1.3.1.17b),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.17c), (Ie) + (1.3.1.17d), (Ie) + (1.3.1.17e), (Ie) + (1.3.1.17f),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.17g), (Ie) + (1.3.1.18), (Ie) + (1.3.1.19), (Ie) + (1.3.1.20),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.20a), (Ie) + (1.3.1.20b), (Ie) + (1.3.1.20c), (Ie) + (1.3.1.21),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.22), (Ie) + (1.3.1.23), (Ie) + (1.3.1.24), (Ie) + (1.3.1.25),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.26), (Ie) + (1.3.1.27), (Ie) + (1.3.1.28), (Ie) + (1.3.1.29),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.1.30), (Ie) + (1.3.1.31), (Ie) + (1.3.1.32), (Ie) + (1.3.2.1),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.2.2), (Ie) + (1.3.2.3), (Ie) + (1.3.2.4), (Ie) + (1.3.2.5),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.2.6), (Ie) + (1.3.2.7), (Ie) + (1.3.2.8), (Ie) + (1.3.2.9),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.2.10), (Ie) + (1.3.2.11), (Ie) + (1.3.2.12), (Ie) + (1.3.2.13),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.2.14), (Ie) + (1.3.2.15), (Ie) + (1.3.2.16), (Ie) + (1.3.2.17),
    • (Ie) + (1.3.2.18), (Ie) + (1.3.2.19), (Ie) + (1.4.1.1), (Ie) + (1.4.1.2),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.1.3), (Ie) + (1.4.1.4), (Ie) + (1.4.1.5), (Ie) + (1.4.2.1),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.2.2), (Ie) + (1.4.2.3), (Ie) + (1.4.2.4), (Ie) + (1.4.2.5),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.2.6), (Ie) + (1.4.2.7), (Ie) + (1.4.2.8), (Ie) + (1.4.2.9),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.2.10), (Ie) + (1.4.2.11), (Ie) + (1.4.2.12), (Ie) + (1.4.2.13),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.2.14), (Ie) + (1.4.2.15), (Ie) + (1.4.2.16), (Ie) + (1.4.2.17),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.3.1), (Ie) + (1.4.3.2), (Ie) + (1.4.3.3), (Ie) + (1.4.4.1),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.4.2), (Ie) + (1.4.4.3), (Ie) + (1.4.4.4), (Ie) + (1.4.4.5),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.4.6), (Ie) + (1.4.4.7), (Ie) + (1.4.4.8), (Ie) + (1.4.4.9),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.4.10), (Ie) + (1.4.4.11), (Ie) + (1.4.4.12), (Ie) + (1.4.4.13),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.4.14), (Ie) + (1.4.4.15), (Ie) + (1.4.4.16), (Ie) + (1.4.4.17),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.4.18), (Ie) + (1.4.4.19), (Ie) + (1.4.4.20), (Ie) + (1.4.4.21),
    • (Ie) + (1.4.4.22), (Ie) + (1.4.4.22a), (Ie) + (1.5.1.1), (Ie) + (1.5.1.2),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.3), (Ie) + (1.5.1.4), (Ie) + (1.5.1.5), (Ie) + (1.5.1.6),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.7), (Ie) + (1.5.1.8), (Ie) + (1.5.1.9), (Ie) + (1.5.1.10),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.11), (Ie) + (1.5.1.12), (Ie) + (1.5.1.13), (Ie) + (1.5.1.14),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.15), (Ie) + (1.5.1.16), (Ie) + (1.5.1.17), (Ie) + (1.5.1.18),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.19), (Ie) + (1.5.1.20), (Ie) + (1.5.1.21), (Ie) + (1.5.1.22),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.23), (Ie) + (1.5.1.24), (Ie) + (1.5.1.25), (Ie) + (1.5.1.26),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.27), (Ie) + (1.5.1.28), (Ie) + (1.5.1.29), (Ie) + (1.5.1.30),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.31), (Ie) + (1.5.1.32), (Ie) + (1.5.1.33), (Ie) + (1.5.1.34),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.35), (Ie) + (1.5.1.36), (Ie) + (1.5.1.37), (Ie) + (1.5.1.38),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.39), (Ie) + (1.5.1.40), (Ie) + (1.5.1.41), (Ie) + (1.5.1.42),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.43), (Ie) + (1.5.1.44), (Ie) + (1.5.1.45), (Ie) + (1.5.1.46),
    • (Ie) + (1.5.1.47), (Ie) + (1.5.1.48), (Ie) + (1.5.1.49), (Ie) + (1.5.1.50),
    • (Ie) + (1.6.1), (Ie) + (1.6.2), (Ie) + (1.6.3), (Ie) + (1.6.4), (Ie) + (1.6.5),
    • (Ie) + (1.6.6), (Ie) + (1.6.7), (Ie) + (1.6.8), (Ie) + (1.6.9), (Ie) + (1.6.10),
    • (Ie) + (1.6.11), (Ie) + (1.6.12), (Ie) + (1.6.13), (Ie) + (1.6.14), (Ie) + (1.6.15),
    • (Ie) + (1.6.16), (Ie) + (1.6.17), (Ie) + (1.6.18), (Ie) + (1.6.19), (Ie) + (1.6.20),
    • (Ie) + (1.6.21), (Ie) + (1.6.22), (Ie) + (1.7.1), (Ie) + (1.7.2), (Ie) + (1.7.3),
    • (Ie) + (1.7.4), (Ie) + (1.7.5), (Ie) + (1.7.6), (Ie) + (1.7.7), (Ie) + (1.7.8),
    • (Ie) + (1.7.9), (Ie) + (1.7.10), (Ie) + (1.7.11), (Ie) + (1.7.12), (Ie) + (1.7.13),
    • (Ie) + (1.7.14), (Ie) + (1.7.15), (Ie) + (1.7.16), (Ie) + (1.7.17), (Ie) + (2.1.1),
    • (Ie) + (2.1.1a), (Ie) + (2.1.2), (Ie) + (2.1.2a), (Ie) + (2.2.1), (Ie) + (2.2.2),
    • (Ie) + (2.2.3), (Ie) + (2.2.4), (Ie) + (2.2.5), (Ie) + (2.2.6), (Ie) + (2.2.7), (Ie) + (2.2.8),
    • (Ie) + (2.2.9), (Ie) + (2.2.10), (Ie) + (2.2.11), (Ie) + (2.2.12), (Ie) + (2.2.13),
    • (Ie) + (2.2.14), (Ie) + (2.2.15), (Ie) + (2.2.16), (Ie) + (2.2.17), (Ie) + (2.2.18),
    • (Ie) + (2.2.19), (Ie) + (2.2.20), (Ie) + (2.2.21), (Ie) + (2.2.22), (Ie) + (2.2.23),
    • (Ie) + (2.2.24), (Ie) + (2.2.25), (Ie) + (2.2.26), (Ie) + (2.2.27), (Ie) + (2.3.1),
    • (Ie) + (2.3.2), (Ie) + (2.3.3), (Ie) + (2.4.1) (Ie) + (2.4.2).
    • (If) + (1.1.1.1), (If) + (1.1.1.2), (If) + (1.1.1.3), (If) + (1.1.1.4), (If) + (1.1.1.5),
    • (If) + (1.1.1.6), (If) + (1.1.1.7), (If) + (1.1.1.8), (If) + (1.1.1.9), (If) + (1.1.1.10),
    • (If) + (1.1.1.11), (If) + (1.1.1.12), (If) + (1.1.1.13), (If) + (1.1.1.14), (If) + (1.1.1.15),
    • (If) + (1.1.1.16), (If) + (1.1.1.17), (If) + (1.1.1.18), (If) + (1.1.1.19), (If) + (1.1.1.20),
    • (If) + (1.1.1.21), (If) + (1.1.1.22), (If) + (1.1.1.23), (If) + (1.1.1.24), (If) + (1.1.1.25),
    • (If) + (1.1.1.26), (If) + (1.1.1.27), (If) + (1.1.1.28), (If) + (1.1.1.29), (If) + (1.1.1.30),
    • (If) + (1.1.1.31), (If) + (1.1.1.32), (If) + (1.1.1.33), (If) + (1.1.1.34), (If) + (1.1.1.35),
    • (If) + (1.1.1.36), (If) + (1.1.1.37), (If) + (1.1.1.38), (If) + (1.1.1.39), (If) + (1.1.1.40),
    • (If) + (1.1.1.41), (If) + (1.1.1.42), (If) + (1.1.1.43), (If) + (1.1.1.44), (If) + (1.1.1.45),
    • (If) + (1.1.1.46), (If) + (1.1.1.47), (If) + (1.1.2.1), (If) + (1.1.2.2), (If) + (1.1.2.3),
    • (If) + (1.1.2.4), (If) + (1.1.2.5), (If) + (1.1.2.6), (If) + (1.1.2.7), (If) + (1.1.2.8),
    • (If) + (1.1.2.9), (If) + (1.1.2.10), (If) + (1.1.3.1), (If) + (1.2.1.1), (If) + (1.2.1.2),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.3), (If) + (1.2.1.4), (If) + (1.2.1.5), (If) + (1.2.1.6), (If) + (1.2.1.7),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.8), (If) + (1.2.1.9), (If) + (1.2.1.10), (If) + (1.2.1.11), (If) + (1.2.1.11a) .
    • (If) + (1.2.1.11b), (If) + (1.2.1.12), (If) + (1.2.1.13), (If) + (1.2.1.14),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.14a), (If) + (1.2.1.14b), (If) + (1.2.1.15), (If) + (1.2.1.15a),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.15b), (If) + (1.2.1.16), (If) + (1.2.1.17), (If) + (1.2.1.18),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.19), (If) + (1.2.1.20), (If) + (1.2.1.21), (If) + (1.2.1.22),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.23), (If) + (1.2.1.24), (If) + (1.2.1.25), (If) + (1.2.1.26),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.27), (If) + (1.2.1.28), (If) + (1.2.1.29), (If) + (1.2.1.29a),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.29b), (If) + (1.2.1.29c), (If) + (1.2.1.30), (If) + (1.2.1.31),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.32), (If) + (1.2.1.33), (If) + (1.2.1.33a), (If) + (1.2.1.34),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.35), (If) + (1.2.1.36), (If) + (1.2.1.37), (If) + (1.2.1.37a),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.37b), (If) + (1.2.1.38), (If) + (1.2.1.39), (If) + (1.2.1.40),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.41), (If) + (1.2.1.42), (If) + (1.2.1.43), (If) + (1.2.1.44),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.45), (If) + (1.2.1.46), (If) + (1.2.1.47), (If) + (1.2.1.48),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.49), (If) + (1.2.1.50), (If) + (1.2.1.51), (If) + (1.2.1.52),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.53), (If) + (1.2.1.54), (If) + (1.2.1.55), (If) + (1.2.1.56),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.56a), (If) + (1.2.1.56b), (If) + (1.2.1.57), (If) + (1.2.1.57a),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.57b), (If) + (1.2.1.58), (If) + (1.2.1.59), (If) + (1.2.1.60),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.61), (If) + (1.2.1.62), (If) + (1.2.1.62a), (If) + (1.2.1.62b),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.63), (If) + (1.2.1.64), (If) + (1.2.1.65), (If) + (1.2.1.66),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.67), (If) + (1.2.1.68), (If) + (1.2.1.68a), (If) + (1.2.1.68b),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.69), (If) + (1.2.2.1), (If) + (1.2.2.1a), (If) + (1.2.1.1b),
    • (If) + (1.2.1.1c), (If) + (1.2.2.2), (If) + (1.2.3), (If) + (1.2.3.1),
    • (If) + (1.2.3.2), (If) + (1.2.3.1a), (If) + (1.2.3.1b), (If) + (1.2.3.1c),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.1), (If) + (1.3.1.1a), (If) + (1.3.1.2), (If) + (1.3.1.3),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.4), (If) + (1.3.1.5), (If) + (1.3.1.6), (If) + (1.3.1.7),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.8), (If) + (1.3.1.9), (If) + (1.3.1.10), (If) + (1.3.1.11),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.12), (If) + (1.3.1.12a), (If) + (1.3.1.12b), (If) + (1.3.1.12c),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.12d), (If) + (1.3.1.12e), (If) + (1.3.1.12f), (If) + (1.3.1.12g),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.13), (If) + (1.3.1.14), (If) + (1.3.1.15), (If) + (1.3.1.15a),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.16), (If) + (1.3.1.17), (If) + (1.3.1.17a), (If) + (1.3.1.17b),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.17c), (If) + (1.3.1.17d), (If) + (1.3.1.17e), (If) + (1.3.1.17f),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.17g), (If) + (1.3.1.18), (If) + (1.3.1.19), (If) + (1.3.1.20),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.20a), (If) + (1.3.1.20b), (If) + (1.3.1.20c), (If) + (1.3.1.21),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.22), (If) + (1.3.1.23), (If) + (1.3.1.24), (If) + (1.3.1.25),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.26), (If) + (1.3.1.27), (If) + (1.3.1.28), (If) + (1.3.1.29),
    • (If) + (1.3.1.30), (If) + (1.3.1.31), (If) + (1.3.1.32), (If) + (1.3.2.1),
    • (If) + (1.3.2.2), (If) + (1.3.2.3), (If) + (1.3.2.4), (If) + (1.3.2.5),
    • (If) + (1.3.2.6), (If) + (1.3.2.7), (If) + (1.3.2.8), (If) + (1.3.2.9),
    • (If) + (1.3.2.10), (If) + (1.3.2.11), (If) + (1.3.2.12), (If) + (1.3.2.13),
    • (If) + (1.3.2.14), (If) + (1.3.2.15), (If) + (1.3.2.16), (If) + (1.3.2.17),
    • (If) + (1.3.2.18), (If) + (1.3.2.19), (If) + (1.4.1.1), (If) + (1.4.1.2),
    • (If) + (1.4.1.3), (If) + (1.4.1.4), (If) + (1.4.1.5), (If) + (1.4.2.1),
    • (If) + (1.4.2.2), (If) + (1.4.2.3), (If) + (1.4.2.4), (If) + (1.4.2.5),
    • (If) + (1.4.2.6), (If) + (1.4.2.7), (If) + (1.4.2.8), (If) + (1.4.2.9),
    • (If) + (1.4.2.10), (If) + (1.4.2.11), (If) + (1.4.2.12), (If) + (1.4.2.13),
    • (If) + (1.4.2.14), (If) + (1.4.2.15), (If) + (1.4.2.16), (If) + (1.4.2.17),
    • (If) + (1.4.3.1), (If) + (1.4.3.2), (If) + (1.4.3.3), (If) + (1.4.4.1),
    • (If) + (1.4.4.2), (If) + (1.4.4.3), (If) + (1.4.4.4), (If) + (1.4.4.5),
    • (If) + (1.4.4.6), (If) + (1.4.4.7), (If) + (1.4.4.8), (If) + (1.4.4.9),
    • (If) + (1.4.4.10), (If) + (1.4.4.11), (If) + (1.4.4.12), (If) + (1.4.4.13),
    • (If) + (1.4.4.14), (If) + (1.4.4.15), (If) + (1.4.4.16), (If) + (1.4.4.17),
    • (If) + (1.4.4.18), (If) + (1.4.4.19), (If) + (1.4.4.20), (If) + (1.4.4.21),
    • (If) + (1.4.4.22), (If) + (1.4.4.22a), (If) + (1.5.1.1), (If) + (1.5.1.2),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.3), (If) + (1.5.1.4), (If) + (1.5.1.5), (If) + (1.5.1.6),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.7), (If) + (1.5.1.8), (If) + (1.5.1.9), (If) + (1.5.1.10),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.11), (If) + (1.5.1.12), (If) + (1.5.1.13), (If) + (1.5.1.14),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.15), (If) + (1.5.1.16), (If) + (1.5.1.17), (If) + (1.5.1.18),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.19), (If) + (1.5.1.20), (If) + (1.5.1.21), (If) + (1.5.1.22),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.23), (If) + (1.5.1.24), (If) + (1.5.1.25), (If) + (1.5.1.26),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.27), (If) + (1.5.1.28), (If) + (1.5.1.29), (If) + (1.5.1.30),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.31), (If) + (1.5.1.32), (If) + (1.5.1.33), (If) + (1.5.1.34),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.35), (If) + (1.5.1.36), (If) + (1.5.1.37), (If) + (1.5.1.38),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.39), (If) + (1.5.1.40), (If) + (1.5.1.41), (If) + (1.5.1.42),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.43), (If) + (1.5.1.44), (If) + (1.5.1.45), (If) + (1.5.1.46),
    • (If) + (1.5.1.47), (If) + (1.5.1.48), (If) + (1.5.1.49), (If) + (1.5.1.50),
    • (If) + (1.6.1), (If) + (1.6.2), (If) + (1.6.3), (If) + (1.6.4), (If) + (1.6.5),
    • (If) + (1.6.6), (If) + (1.6.7), (If) + (1.6.8), (If) + (1.6.9), (If) + (1.6.10),
    • (If) + (1.6.11), (If) + (1.6.12), (If) + (1.6.13), (If) + (1.6.14), (If) + (1.6.15),
    • (If) + (1.6.16), (If) + (1.6.17), (If) + (1.6.18), (If) + (1.6.19), (If) + (1.6.20),
    • (If) + (1.6.21), (If) + (1.6.22), (If) + (1.7.1), (If) + (1.7.2), (If) + (1.7.3),
    • (If) + (1.7.4), (If) + (1.7.5), (If) + (1.7.6), (If) + (1.7.7), (If) + (1.7.8),
    • (If) + (1.7.9), (If) + (1.7.10), (If) + (1.7.11), (If) + (1.7.12), (If) + (1.7.13),
    • (If) + (1.7.14), (If) + (1.7.15), (If) + (1.7.16), (If) + (1.7.17), (If) + (2.1.1),
    • (If) + (2.1.1a), (If) + (2.1.2), (If) + (2.1.2a), (If) + (2.2.1), (If) + (2.2.2),
    • (If) + (2.2.3), (If) + (2.2.4), (If) + (2.2.5), (If) + (2.2.6), (If) + (2.2.7), (If) + (2.2.8),
    • (If) + (2.2.9), (If) + (2.2.10), (If) + (2.2.11), (If) + (2.2.12), (If) + (2.2.13),
    • (If) + (2.2.14), (If) + (2.2.15), (If) + (2.2.16), (If) + (2.2.17), (If) + (2.2.18),
    • (If) + (2.2.19), (If) + (2.2.20), (If) + (2.2.21), (If) + (2.2.22), (If) + (2.2.23),
    • (If) + (2.2.24), (If) + (2.2.25), (If) + (2.2.26), (If) + (2.2.27), (If) + (2.3.1),
    • (If) + (2.3.2), (If) + (2.3.3), (If) + (2.4.1) (If) + (2.4.2).
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.1), (Ig) + (1.1.1.2), (Ig) + (1.1.1.3), (Ig) + (1.1.1.4), (Ig) + (1.1.1.5),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.6), (Ig) + (1.1.1.7), (Ig) + (1.1.1.8), (Ig) + (1.1.1.9), (Ig) + (1.1.1.10),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.11), (Ig) + (1.1.1.12), (Ig) + (1.1.1.13), (Ig) + (1.1.1.14), (Ig) + (1.1.1.15),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.16), (Ig) + (1.1.1.17), (Ig) + (1.1.1.18), (Ig) + (1.1.1.19), (Ig) + (1.1.1.20),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.21), (Ig) + (1.1.1.22), (Ig) + (1.1.1.23), (Ig) + (1.1.1.24), (Ig) + (1.1.1.25),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.26), (Ig) + (1.1.1.27), (Ig) + (1.1.1.28), (Ig) + (1.1.1.29), (Ig) + (1.1.1.30),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.31), (Ig) + (1.1.1.32), (Ig) + (1.1.1.33), (Ig) + (1.1.1.34), (Ig) + (1.1.1.35),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.36), (Ig) + (1.1.1.37), (Ig) + (1.1.1.38), (Ig) + (1.1.1.39), (Ig) + (1.1.1.40),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.41), (Ig) + (1.1.1.42), (Ig) + (1.1.1.43), (Ig) + (1.1.1.44), (Ig) + (1.1.1.45),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.1.46), (Ig) + (1.1.1.47), (Ig) + (1.1.2.1), (Ig) + (1.1.2.2), (Ig) + (1.1.2.3),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.2.4), (Ig) + (1.1.2.5), (Ig) + (1.1.2.6), (Ig) + (1.1.2.7), (Ig) + (1.1.2.8),
    • (Ig) + (1.1.2.9), (Ig) + (1.1.2.10), (Ig) + (1.1.3.1), (Ig) + (1.2.1.1), (Ig) + (1.2.1.2),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.3), (Ig) + (1.2.1.4), (Ig) + (1.2.1.5), (Ig) + (1.2.1.6), (Ig) + (1.2.1.7),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.8), (Ig) + (1.2.1.9), (Ig) + (1.2.1.10), (Ig) + (1.2.1.11), (Ig) + (1.2.1.11a) .
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.11b), (Ig) + (1.2.1.12), (Ig) + (1.2.1.13), (Ig) + (1.2.1.14),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.14a), (Ig) + (1.2.1.14b), (Ig) + (1.2.1.15), (Ig) + (1.2.1.15a),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.15b), (Ig) + (1.2.1.16), (Ig) + (1.2.1.17), (Ig) + (1.2.1.18),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.19), (Ig) + (1.2.1.20), (Ig) + (1.2.1.21), (Ig) + (1.2.1.22),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.23), (Ig) + (1.2.1.24), (Ig) + (1.2.1.25), (Ig) + (1.2.1.26),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.27), (Ig) + (1.2.1.28), (Ig) + (1.2.1.29), (Ig) + (1.2.1.29a),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.29b), (Ig) + (1.2.1.29c), (Ig) + (1.2.1.30), (Ig) + (1.2.1.31),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.32), (Ig) + (1.2.1.33), (Ig) + (1.2.1.33a), (Ig) + (1.2.1.34),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.35), (Ig) + (1.2.1.36), (Ig) + (1.2.1.37), (Ig) + (1.2.1.37a),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.37b), (Ig) + (1.2.1.38), (Ig) + (1.2.1.39), (Ig) + (1.2.1.40),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.41), (Ig) + (1.2.1.42), (Ig) + (1.2.1.43), (Ig) + (1.2.1.44),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.45), (Ig) + (1.2.1.46), (Ig) + (1.2.1.47), (Ig) + (1.2.1.48),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.49), (Ig) + (1.2.1.50), (Ig) + (1.2.1.51), (Ig) + (1.2.1.52),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.53), (Ig) + (1.2.1.54), (Ig) + (1.2.1.55), (Ig) + (1.2.1.56),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.56a), (Ig) + (1.2.1.56b), (Ig) + (1.2.1.57), (Ig) + (1.2.1.57a),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.57b), (Ig) + (1.2.1.58), (Ig) + (1.2.1.59), (Ig) + (1.2.1.60),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.61), (Ig) + (1.2.1.62), (Ig) + (1.2.1.62a), (Ig) + (1.2.1.62b),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.63), (Ig) + (1.2.1.64), (Ig) + (1.2.1.65), (Ig) + (1.2.1.66),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.67), (Ig) + (1.2.1.68), (Ig) + (1.2.1.68a), (Ig) + (1.2.1.68b),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.69), (Ig) + (1.2.2.1), (Ig) + (1.2.2.1a), (Ig) + (1.2.1.1b),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.1.1c), (Ig) + (1.2.2.2), (Ig) + (1.2.3), (Ig) + (1.2.3.1),
    • (Ig) + (1.2.3.2), (Ig) + (1.2.3.1a), (Ig) + (1.2.3.1b), (Ig) + (1.2.3.1c),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.1), (Ig) + (1.3.1.1a), (Ig) + (1.3.1.2), (Ig) + (1.3.1.3),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.4), (Ig) + (1.3.1.5), (Ig) + (1.3.1.6), (Ig) + (1.3.1.7),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.8), (Ig) + (1.3.1.9), (Ig) + (1.3.1.10), (Ig) + (1.3.1.11),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.12), (Ig) + (1.3.1.12a), (Ig) + (1.3.1.12b), (Ig) + (1.3.1.12c),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.12d), (Ig) + (1.3.1.12e), (Ig) + (1.3.1.12f), (Ig) + (1.3.1.12g),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.13), (Ig) + (1.3.1.14), (Ig) + (1.3.1.15), (Ig) + (1.3.1.15a),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.16), (Ig) + (1.3.1.17), (Ig) + (1.3.1.17a), (Ig) + (1.3.1.17b),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.17c), (Ig) + (1.3.1.17d), (Ig) + (1.3.1.17e), (Ig) + (1.3.1.17f),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.17g), (Ig) + (1.3.1.18), (Ig) + (1.3.1.19), (Ig) + (1.3.1.20),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.20a), (Ig) + (1.3.1.20b), (Ig) + (1.3.1.20c), (Ig) + (1.3.1.21),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.22), (Ig) + (1.3.1.23), (Ig) + (1.3.1.24), (Ig) + (1.3.1.25),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.26), (Ig) + (1.3.1.27), (Ig) + (1.3.1.28), (Ig) + (1.3.1.29),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.1.30), (Ig) + (1.3.1.31), (Ig) + (1.3.1.32), (Ig) + (1.3.2.1),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.2.2), (Ig) + (1.3.2.3), (Ig) + (1.3.2.4), (Ig) + (1.3.2.5),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.2.6), (Ig) + (1.3.2.7), (Ig) + (1.3.2.8), (Ig) + (1.3.2.9),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.2.10), (Ig) + (1.3.2.11), (Ig) + (1.3.2.12), (Ig) + (1.3.2.13),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.2.14), (Ig) + (1.3.2.15), (Ig) + (1.3.2.16), (Ig) + (1.3.2.17),
    • (Ig) + (1.3.2.18), (Ig) + (1.3.2.19), (Ig) + (1.4.1.1), (Ig) + (1.4.1.2),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.1.3), (Ig) + (1.4.1.4), (Ig) + (1.4.1.5), (Ig) + (1.4.2.1),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.2.2), (Ig) + (1.4.2.3), (Ig) + (1.4.2.4), (Ig) + (1.4.2.5),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.2.6), (Ig) + (1.4.2.7), (Ig) + (1.4.2.8), (Ig) + (1.4.2.9),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.2.10), (Ig) + (1.4.2.11), (Ig) + (1.4.2.12), (Ig) + (1.4.2.13),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.2.14), (Ig) + (1.4.2.15), (Ig) + (1.4.2.16), (Ig) + (1.4.2.17),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.3.1), (Ig) + (1.4.3.2), (Ig) + (1.4.3.3), (Ig) + (1.4.4.1),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.4.2), (Ig) + (1.4.4.3), (Ig) + (1.4.4.4), (Ig) + (1.4.4.5),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.4.6), (Ig) + (1.4.4.7), (Ig) + (1.4.4.8), (Ig) + (1.4.4.9),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.4.10), (Ig) + (1.4.4.11), (Ig) + (1.4.4.12), (Ig) + (1.4.4.13),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.4.14), (Ig) + (1.4.4.15), (Ig) + (1.4.4.16), (Ig) + (1.4.4.17),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.4.18), (Ig) + (1.4.4.19), (Ig) + (1.4.4.20), (Ig) + (1.4.4.21),
    • (Ig) + (1.4.4.22), (Ig) + (1.4.4.22a), (Ig) + (1.5.1.1), (Ig) + (1.5.1.2),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.3), (Ig) + (1.5.1.4), (Ig) + (1.5.1.5), (Ig) + (1.5.1.6),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.7), (Ig) + (1.5.1.8), (Ig) + (1.5.1.9), (Ig) + (1.5.1.10),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.11), (Ig) + (1.5.1.12), (Ig) + (1.5.1.13), (Ig) + (1.5.1.14),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.15), (Ig) + (1.5.1.16), (Ig) + (1.5.1.17), (Ig) + (1.5.1.18),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.19), (Ig) + (1.5.1.20), (Ig) + (1.5.1.21), (Ig) + (1.5.1.22),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.23), (Ig) + (1.5.1.24), (Ig) + (1.5.1.25), (Ig) + (1.5.1.26),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.27), (Ig) + (1.5.1.28), (Ig) + (1.5.1.29), (Ig) + (1.5.1.30),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.31), (Ig) + (1.5.1.32), (Ig) + (1.5.1.33), (Ig) + (1.5.1.34),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.35), (Ig) + (1.5.1.36), (Ig) + (1.5.1.37), (Ig) + (1.5.1.38),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.39), (Ig) + (1.5.1.40), (Ig) + (1.5.1.41), (Ig) + (1.5.1.42),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.43), (Ig) + (1.5.1.44), (Ig) + (1.5.1.45), (Ig) + (1.5.1.46),
    • (Ig) + (1.5.1.47), (Ig) + (1.5.1.48), (Ig) + (1.5.1.49), (Ig) + (1.5.1.50),
    • (Ig) + (1.6.1), (Ig) + (1.6.2), (Ig) + (1.6.3), (Ig) + (1.6.4), (Ig) + (1.6.5),
    • (Ig) + (1.6.6), (Ig) + (1.6.7), (Ig) + (1.6.8), (Ig) + (1.6.9), (Ig) + (1.6.10),
    • (Ig) + (1.6.11), (Ig) + (1.6.12), (Ig) + (1.6.13), (Ig) + (1.6.14), (Ig) + (1.6.15),
    • (Ig) + (1.6.16), (Ig) + (1.6.17), (Ig) + (1.6.18), (Ig) + (1.6.19), (Ig) + (1.6.20),
    • (Ig) + (1.6.21), (Ig) + (1.6.22), (Ig) + (1.7.1), (Ig) + (1.7.2), (Ig) + (1.7.3),
    • (Ig) + (1.7.4), (Ig) + (1.7.5), (Ig) + (1.7.6), (Ig) + (1.7.7), (Ig) + (1.7.8),
    • (Ig) + (1.7.9), (Ig) + (1.7.10), (Ig) + (1.7.11), (Ig) + (1.7.12), (Ig) + (1.7.13),
    • (Ig) + (1.7.14), (Ig) + (1.7.15), (Ig) + (1.7.16), (Ig) + (1.7.17), (Ig) + (2.1.1),
    • (Ig) + (2.1.1a), (Ig) + (2.1.2), (Ig) + (2.1.2a), (Ig) + (2.2.1), (Ig) + (2.2.2),
    • (Ig) + (2.2.3), (Ig) + (2.2.4), (Ig) + (2.2.5), (Ig) + (2.2.6), (Ig) + (2.2.7), (Ig) + (2.2.8),
    • (Ig) + (2.2.9), (Ig) + (2.2.10), (Ig) + (2.2.11), (Ig) + (2.2.12), (Ig) + (2.2.13),
    • (Ig) + (2.2.14), (Ig) + (2.2.15), (Ig) + (2.2.16), (Ig) + (2.2.17), (Ig) + (2.2.18),
    • (Ig) + (2.2.19), (Ig) + (2.2.20), (Ig) + (2.2.21), (Ig) + (2.2.22), (Ig) + (2.2.23),
    • (Ig) + (2.2.24), (Ig) + (2.2.25), (Ig) + (2.2.26), (Ig) + (2.2.27), (Ig) + (2.3.1),
    • (Ig) + (2.3.2), (Ig) + (2.3.3), (Ig) + (2.4.1) (Ig) + (2.4.2).
  • In Table 4, mean:
  • (Ia)
    = Prochloraz
    (Ib)
    = Tebuconazole
    (Ic)
    = Triadimefon
    (Id)
    = Triadimenol
    (Ie)
    = Triticonazole
    (If)
    = Fluquinconazole
    (Ig)
    = Bitertanol
    (No.)
    = Connection with the number from table 3
  • In addition to the above-mentioned uses of the crop protection agent (safener-herbicide combination, see Table 4), those in which one of the two combinations mentioned with a further herbicide or also another safener to a multicomponent combination (three, four or five drug combination) is extended. In this case, as further active ingredients preferably the herbicides or safeners from said Table 1 or the herbicides from Tables 2 and 2a in question. Preference is given to further individual compounds from the above-mentioned Table 3.
  • In particular, the herbicides are preferably 2,4-D, Alachlor, acetochlor, anilofos, azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, benzofenap, benzobicyclone, butachlor, bromobutide, benfuresate, bentazone, bicyclopyrone, bispyribac-sodium, cafenstrole, carfentrazone, chlomethoxynil (chlomethoxyfen), clomeprop, cyhalofop-butyl, clomazone, cumyluron, cyclosulfamuron , Cinosulfuron, daimuron (dymron), diquat, dithiopyr, dimethametryn, ethoxysulfuron, fenoxaprop-p-ethyl, fentrazamide, flucetosulfuron, flufenacet, halosulfuron-methyl, indanofane, isoxaflutole, imazosulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, MCPA, MCPB, mefenacet, metolachlor, Metribuzin, mesotrione, metamifop, metazosulfuron (NC620), molinates, oxaziclomefones, orthosulfamuron, oxadiargyl, oxadizone, oxyfluorfen, pendimethalin, profoxidim, pyrazolates, pyrazoxyfen, pyraclonil, pyrazosulfuron (-ethyl), pretilachlor, propanil, pyribenzoxime, propyrisulfuron (TH547), Penoxsulam, Pentoxazone, Pyributicarb, Pyriftalid, Pyrimisulfan, Pyrasulfutole, Pyriminobac-methyl, Quinclorac, Quinoclamine, Sethoxidim, Simetryn, Thiobencarb, tefuryltrione (AVH301), tembotrione, toprame zone, triafamone; particularly preferably 2,4-D, alachlor, acetochlor, anilofos, azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, benzofenap, benzobicyclone, butachlor, bromobutides, benfuresates, bispyribac-sodium, cafenstrols, chlomethoxynil (chlomethoxyfen), clomeprop, cyhalofop-butyl, clomazone, cumyluron , Cyclosulfamuron, Cinosulfuron, Daimuron (Dymron), Dithiopyr, Dimethametryn, Ethoxysulfuron, Fentrazamide, Flucetosulfuron, Halosulfuron-methyl, Indanofan, Imazosulfuron, Metsulfuron-methyl, MCPA, MCPB, Mefenacet, Metolachlor, Mesotrione, Metamifop, Metazosulfuron (NC620), Molinates , Oxaziclomefones, Orthosulfamuron, Oxadiargyl, Oxadizone, Oxyfluorfen, Pyrazolates, Pyrazoxyfen, Pyraclonil, Pyrazosulfuron (-ethyl), Pretilachlor, Propyrisulfuron (TH547), Penoxsulam, Pentoxazones, Pyributicarb, Pyriftalid, Pyrimisulfan, Pyriminobac-methyl, Quinclorac, Quinoclamine, Simetryn, Thiobencarb, tefuryltrione (AVH301), triafamone; especially preferred is oxadiargyl, oxadizone.
  • The application rate of the herbicides can vary within a wide range, and are for example between 0.1 g and 10000 g AS / ha (AS / ha in the following "active substance per hectare" = based on 100% active ingredient), preferably between 0 , 5 g and 8000 g AS / ha, more preferably between 1 g and 6000 g AS / ha.
  • The ranges for suitable proportions of the crop protection agents (safener-herbicide combination according to the invention) may also vary within a wide range and they are e.g. from the stated application rates for the individual substances. In the combinations according to the invention, the application rates of the herbicides can generally be increased.
  • In the case of the application of the herbicidal component as active ingredient formulations or coformulations, these optionally contain, as a rule, the customary adhesive, wetting, dispersing, emulsifying, penetrating, preserving, antifreeze and solvent, fillers, carriers and colorants, defoamers, evaporation inhibitors and the pH and viscosity affecting agents and can be formulated in various ways depending on the given chemical-physical and biological parameters. Suitable formulation types are, for example:
    • Emulsifiable concentrates which are prepared by dissolving the active compounds in an organic solvent, for example butanol, cyclohexanone, dimethylformamide, xylene or else higher-boiling hydrocarbons or mixtures of the organic solvents with the addition of one or more ionic and / or nonionic surfactants (emulsifiers) , Suitable emulsifiers are, for example, alkylarylsulfonic acid calcium salts, fatty acid polyglycol esters, alkylaryl polyglycol ethers, fatty alcohol polyglycol ethers, propylene oxide-ethylene oxide condensation products, alkyl polyethers, sorbitan esters and polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters;
    • Dusts obtained by grinding the active substances with finely divided solid inorganic or organic substances, eg talc, natural clays such as kaolin, bentonite and pyrophyllite, diatomaceous earth or flours.
    • Water-based or oil-based suspension concentrates, which can be prepared, for example, by wet milling by means of bead mills;
    • • water-soluble powders;
    • • water-soluble concentrates;
    • • granules, such as water-soluble granules, water-dispersible granules and granules for litter and soil application;
    • • wettable powders which, in addition to active substance, contain diluents or inert substances and surfactants;
    • • capsule suspensions and microcapsules;
    • • Ultra-low-volume formulations.
  • The above-mentioned types of formulation are known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in: K. Martens, "Spray Drying Handbook", 3rd Ed., G. Goodwin Ltd., London. 1979 ; W. van Valkenburg, "Pesticide Formulations", Marcel Dekker, NY 1973 ; Winnacker-Kuchler, "Chemical Technology", Volume 7, C. Hanser Verlag Munich, 4th edition 1986 ; "Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook", 5th Ed., McGraw-Hill, NY 1973, pages 8-57 ,
  • The necessary formulation auxiliaries, such as inert materials, surfactants, solvents and other additives are likewise known and are described, for example, in: McCutcheon's "Detergents and Emulsifiers Annual", MC Publ. Corp., Ridgewood NJ ; C. Marsden, "Solvents Guide", 2nd ed., Interscience, NY 1963 ; H. von Olphen, "Introduction to Clay Colloid Chemistry", 2nd Ed., J. Wiley & Sons, NY ; Schönfeldt, "Grenzflächenaktive Äthylenoxidaddukte", Wiss. Publishing Company, Stuttgart 1976 ; Sisley and Wood, "Encyclopedia of Surface Active Agents", Chem. Publ. Co. Inc., NY 1964 ; Watkins, "Handbook of Insecticide Dust Diluents and Carriers," 2nd ed., Darland Books, Caldwell NJ ; Winnacker-Kuchler, "Chemical Technology", Volume 7, C. Hanser Verlag Munich, 4th edition 1986 ,
  • In addition to the formulation auxiliaries mentioned above, the herbicidal components of the crop protection agents may optionally contain conventional adhesion, wetting, dispersing, penetrating, emulsifying, preserving, antifreezing, filling, carrier and colorants, defoamers, evaporation inhibitors and the pH Value or viscosity-influencing agents.
  • Depending on the nature of the formulation, the herbicidal components of the crop protection agent usually contain 0.1 to 99 wt .-% (weight percent), in particular 0.2 to 95 wt .-%, one or more herbicidal active ingredients. Furthermore, they contain 1 to 99.9, in particular 4 to 99.5 wt .-%, of one or more solid or liquid additives and 0 to 25, in particular 0.1 to 25 wt .-% of a surfactant. In emulsifiable concentrates, the active ingredient concentration is generally 1 to 90, in particular 5 to 80 wt .-%. Dustings usually contain 1 to 30, preferably 5 to 20 wt .-% active ingredient. In wettable powders, the active ingredient concentration is generally 10 to 90 wt .-%. In the case of the water-dispersible granules, the content of active ingredient is, for example, between 1 and 95% by weight, preferably between 10 and 80% by weight.
  • For use, the formulations present in commercial form are optionally diluted in a customary manner, e.g. for wettable powders, emulsifiable concentrates, dispersions and water-dispersible granules by means of water. Dust-like preparations, granules and sprayable solutions are usually no longer diluted with other inert substances before use. With the external conditions such as temperature, humidity, the type of herbicide u. a. varies the required application rate of safeners.
  • The following examples illustrate the invention but do not limit it.
  • Biological examples
  • 1. Material and methods
  • The experiments were carried out in the field (Liberia, Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica, June 2011). Seed seed rate was 138 kg / ha. The seeds were treated immediately before sowing with various seed treatment agents in a commercial pickling device from Gustafson. The sowing took place in parcels of 400 m 2 (20 m × 20 m, n = 1). Subsequently, various pre-emergence herbicides were applied with 200 L water / ha. The evaluation of the plant tolerance was carried out 15 days after sowing (15 DAS) by counting the accumulated crops per m 2 and a rating for visible damage.
  • 2 results
  • Tab. 1: Improvement of plant tolerance Treatment with safener g ai / kg of seed Treatment with herbicide g ai / ha Number of crops / m 2 accumulated (15 DAS) Percent (%) untreated - Herbicide 1 (1) 1140 25.2 100 Seed treatment active ingredient (2) 3.75 Herbicide 1 (1) 1140 60.3 239 Seed treatment agent 1 (3) 3.75 Herbicide 1 (1) 1140 37 147 Seed treatment agent 2 (4) 0.60 Herbicide 1 (1) 1140 39.6 157 Seed treatment agent 3 (5) 3.00 Herbicide 1 (1) 1140 62.1 246
    Crop: Rice (variety: Palmar 18); ai = active substance; (1) oxadizone (Ronstar® 380 SC); (2) thiodicarb (Larvin ® SC 375); (3) thiodicarb (Semevin ® 350 FS); (4) imidacloprid ( Gaucho® 600 WS); (5) Fipronil (Regent ® 200 SC) Tab. 2: Improvement of plant tolerance
    Figure 00750001
    Figure 00760001
    Crop: Rice (variety: Palmar 18); ai = active substance; (1) oxadiargyl (Raft® 400 SC); (2) thiodicarb (Larvin® 375 SC); (3) thiodicarb (Semevin® 350 FS); (4) imidacloprid (Gaucho® 600 WS); (5) Fipronil (Regent® 200 SC)
  • Results of the results: The crops, which were not treated with any of the various seed treatment active ingredients, showed marked yellowing and deformations caused by the treatment with different herbicides, in addition to the significantly lower number of plants per square meter. However, all plots of seeds treated with seed treatment agents had no visible damage from the herbicide treatment and also showed a significantly improved vitality.
  • 3. Conclusion
  • The results show a significant improvement of crop emergence after seed treatment with various seed treatment agents. This shows that these agents cause a safener effect against the herbicides. Higher application rates of the herbicides needed for successful weed control can therefore be used without damaging the crop if the seed has previously been treated with seed treatment active ingredients.
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
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    • Winnacker-Kuchler, "Chemische Technologie", Volume 7, C. Hanser Verlag Munich, 4th Edition 1986 [0060]

Claims (11)

  1. Use of seed treatment agents from the groups of the conazole and triazole fungicides as safeners for avoiding or reducing the phytotoxic effects of herbicides on crops, preferably crop plants.
  2. Use according to claim 1, characterized in that the seed treatment active ingredients are selected from the group consisting of climbazoles, clotrimazoles, imazalil, oxpoconazole, prochloraz, triflumizoles, azaconazoles, bromuconazoles, cyproconazoles, diclobutrazole, difenoconazole, diniconazoles (diniconazole-M), Epoxiconazole, Etaconazole, Fenbuconazole, Fluquinconazole, Flusilazole, Flutriafol, Furconazole (Furconazole-cis), Hexaconazole, Imibenconazole, Ipconazole, Metconazole, Myclobutanil, Penconazole, Propiconazole, Prothioconazole, Quinconazole, Simeconazole, Tebuconazole, Tetraconazole, Triadimefon, Triadimenol, Triticonazole, Uniconazole (Uniconazole-P), Amisulbrom, Bitertanol, Fluotrimazole, Huanjunzuo, Triazbutil; preferably prochloraz, tebuconazole, triadimefon, triadimenol, triticonazole, fluquinconazole, bitertanol; particularly preferred tebuconazole, triadimefon, triadimenol.
  3. Use according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the herbicides from the group of carbamates, thiocarbamates, haloacetanilides, substituted phenoxy, naphthoxy and Phenoxyphenoxycarbonsäure derivatives and heteroaryloxy-phenoxyalkanecarboxylic acid derivatives such as quinolyloxy, quinoxalyl-oxy-, pyridyloxy -, Benzoxazolyloxy- and Benzthiazolyloxyphenoxyalkan-carboxylic acid esters, Cyclohexandionoxime, Benzoylcyclohexandione, Benzoylisoxazole, Benzoylpyrazole, Imidazolinone, pyrimidinyloxy-pyridinecarboxylic acid derivatives, pyrimidyloxybenzoic acid derivatives, sulfonylureas, sulfonylaminocarbonyltriazolinones, triazolo-pyrimidine-sulfonamide derivatives, phosphinic acid derivatives and their salts, glycine derivatives, triazolinones, Triazinones and S- (N-aryl-N-alkylcarbamoylmethyl) dithiophosphoric acid esters, pyridinecarboxylic acids, pyridines, pyridinecarboxamides, 1,3,5-triazines and oxadiazolones, preferably oxadiazolones.
  4. Use according to claim 3, characterized in that the herbicides are selected from the group consisting of 2,4-D, alachlor, acetochlor, anilofos, azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, benzofenap, benzobicyclone, butachlor, bromobutides, benfuresates, bentazone, bicyclopyrone, Bispyribac-sodium, Cafenstrole, Carfentrazone, Chlomethoxynil (chloromethoxyfen), Clomeprop, Cyhalofop-butyl, Clomazone, Cumyluron, Cyclosulfamuron, Cinosulfuron, Daimuron (Dymron), Diquat, Dithiopyr, Dimethametryn, Ethoxysulfuron, Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl, Fentrazamide, Flucetosulfuron, Flufenacet, halosulfuron-methyl, indanofane, isoxaflutole, imazosulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, MCPA, MCPB, mefenacet, metolachlor, metribuzin, mesotrione, metamifop, metazosulfuron (NC620), molinates, oxaziclomefones, orthosulfamuron, oxadiargyl, oxadizone, oxyfluorfen, pendimethalin, profoxidim , Pyrazolates, pyrazoxyfen, pyraclonil, pyrazosulfuron (-ethyl), pretilachlor, propanil, pyribenzoxime, propyrisulfuron (TH547), penoxsulam, pentoxazones , Pyributicarb, Pyriftalid, Pyrimisulfan, Pyrasulfutole, Pyriminobac-methyl, Quinclorac, Quinoclamine, Sethoxidim, Simetryn, Thiobencarb, Tefuryltrione (AVH301), Tembotrione, Topramezone, Triafamone; preferably 2,4-D, alachlor, acetochlor, anilofos, azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, benzofenap, benzobicyclone, butachlor, bromobutide, benfuresate, bispyribac-sodium, cafenstrole, chlomethoxynil (chlomethoxyfen), clomeprop, cyhalofop-butyl, clomazone, cumyluron, Cyclosulfamuron, cinosulfuron, daimurone (dymron), dithiopyr, dimethametryn, ethoxysulfuron, fentrazamide, flucetosulfuron, halosulfuron-methyl, indanofan, imazosulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, MCPA, MCPB, mefenacet, metolachlor, mesotrione, metamifop, metazosulfuron (NC620), molinates, Oxaziclomefones, Orthosulfamuron, Oxadiargyl, Oxadizone, Oxyfluorfen, Pyrazolates, Pyrazoxyfen, Pyraclonil, Pyrazosulfuron (-ethyl), Pretilachlor, Propyrisulfuron (TH547), Penoxsulam, Pentoxazones, Pyributicarb, Pyriftalid, Pyrimisulfan, Pyriminobac-methyl, Quinclorac, Quinoclamine, Simetryn, Thiobencarb , Tefuryltrione (AVH301), triafamone; Oxadiargyl, oxadizone, are particularly preferred.
  5. A crop protection agent, characterized in that it contains seed treatment active ingredients as defined in any one of claims 1 or 2, optionally in the form of a seed dressing formulation, in combination with herbicides, and optionally formulation auxiliaries.
  6. A crop protection agent according to claim 5, characterized in that it contains herbicides as defined in claim 3.
  7. A method for protecting crops or useful plants from phytotoxic effects of herbicides which cause damage to plants, characterized in that the active substances from the groups of conazole and triazole fungicides as defined in any one of claims 1 or 2, as safeners on the seed of the crop, preferably in an effective amount.
  8. Process for the protection of crops or crops according to claim 7, characterized in that one or more compounds of the herbicides are applied before, after or simultaneously with the seeds of the crops, preferably in an effective amount, on seeds, plant parts, soil or water.
  9. A method according to claim 8, characterized in that the herbicidal application is carried out in pre-emergence.
  10. A method according to claim 8, characterized in that the herbicidal application is carried out postemergence.
  11. A process for the selective control of harmful plants in crops, characterized in that an effective plant-protective amount of one or more compounds of the seed treatment active ingredients as defined in any one of claims 1 or 2, optionally in the form of a mordant formulation before, after or at the same time as the seeds of the crop plants, with an effective amount of one or more herbicides on seeds, parts of plants, soil or water.
DE102011080007A 2011-07-28 2011-07-28 Use of seed treatment agents comprising conazole or triazole fungicides e.g. as safeners for avoiding or reducing phytotoxic effects of herbicides e.g. carbamate, thiocarbamate and haloacetanilide, on crops, preferably cultural crops Withdrawn DE102011080007A1 (en)

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DE102011080007A DE102011080007A1 (en) 2011-07-28 2011-07-28 Use of seed treatment agents comprising conazole or triazole fungicides e.g. as safeners for avoiding or reducing phytotoxic effects of herbicides e.g. carbamate, thiocarbamate and haloacetanilide, on crops, preferably cultural crops

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DE102011080007A DE102011080007A1 (en) 2011-07-28 2011-07-28 Use of seed treatment agents comprising conazole or triazole fungicides e.g. as safeners for avoiding or reducing phytotoxic effects of herbicides e.g. carbamate, thiocarbamate and haloacetanilide, on crops, preferably cultural crops

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WO2019163946A1 (en) * 2018-02-23 2019-08-29 三井化学アグロ株式会社 Phytotoxicity reducing agent containing bactericidal compound as active ingredient, and phytotoxicity-reduced herbicidal composition containing said phytotoxicity reducing agent and herbicidal compound
EP3533329A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-04 Bayer AG Method of reducing crop damage
WO2019166401A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of reducing crop damage
WO2019166403A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of reducing crop damage
WO2019166399A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of reducing crop damage
WO2019166404A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of reducing crop damage

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WO2019163946A1 (en) * 2018-02-23 2019-08-29 三井化学アグロ株式会社 Phytotoxicity reducing agent containing bactericidal compound as active ingredient, and phytotoxicity-reduced herbicidal composition containing said phytotoxicity reducing agent and herbicidal compound
EP3533329A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-04 Bayer AG Method of reducing crop damage
WO2019166401A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of reducing crop damage
WO2019166403A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of reducing crop damage
WO2019166399A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of reducing crop damage
WO2019166404A1 (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-09-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of reducing crop damage

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