DE102006045365A1 - Rotary selector switch for motor vehicle, has rotary actuating element and unit, which has magnet that is coupled in rotating manner with actuating element and works together with magnet spaced from it in stationary manner - Google Patents

Rotary selector switch for motor vehicle, has rotary actuating element and unit, which has magnet that is coupled in rotating manner with actuating element and works together with magnet spaced from it in stationary manner Download PDF

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Publication number
DE102006045365A1
DE102006045365A1 DE102006045365A DE102006045365A DE102006045365A1 DE 102006045365 A1 DE102006045365 A1 DE 102006045365A1 DE 102006045365 A DE102006045365 A DE 102006045365A DE 102006045365 A DE102006045365 A DE 102006045365A DE 102006045365 A1 DE102006045365 A1 DE 102006045365A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
magnet
selector switch
actuating
rotary selector
electromagnet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE102006045365A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Michael Gross
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Valeo Schalter und Sensoren GmbH
Original Assignee
Valeo Schalter und Sensoren GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Valeo Schalter und Sensoren GmbH filed Critical Valeo Schalter und Sensoren GmbH
Priority to DE102006045365A priority Critical patent/DE102006045365A1/en
Publication of DE102006045365A1 publication Critical patent/DE102006045365A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05GCONTROL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS INSOFAR AS CHARACTERISED BY MECHANICAL FEATURES ONLY
    • G05G1/00Controlling members, e.g. knobs or handles; Assemblies or arrangements thereof; Indicating position of controlling members
    • G05G1/08Controlling members for hand actuation by rotary movement, e.g. hand wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K37/00Dashboards
    • B60K37/04Arrangement of fittings on dashboard
    • B60K37/06Arrangement of fittings on dashboard of controls, e.g. controls knobs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05GCONTROL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS INSOFAR AS CHARACTERISED BY MECHANICAL FEATURES ONLY
    • G05G5/00Means for preventing, limiting or returning the movements of parts of a control mechanism, e.g. locking controlling member
    • G05G5/06Means for preventing, limiting or returning the movements of parts of a control mechanism, e.g. locking controlling member for holding members in one or a limited number of definite positions only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K2370/00Details of arrangements or adaptations of instruments specially adapted for vehicles, not covered by groups B60K35/00, B60K37/00
    • B60K2370/10Input devices or features thereof
    • B60K2370/12Input devices or input features
    • B60K2370/126Rotatable input devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K2370/00Details of arrangements or adaptations of instruments specially adapted for vehicles, not covered by groups B60K35/00, B60K37/00
    • B60K2370/15Output devices or features thereof
    • B60K2370/158Haptic output
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H19/00Switches operated by an operating part which is rotatable about a longitudinal axis thereof and which is acted upon directly by a solid external to the switch, e.g. by a hand
    • H01H19/02Details
    • H01H19/10Movable parts; Contacts mounted thereon
    • H01H19/11Movable parts; Contacts mounted thereon with indexing means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H3/00Mechanisms for operating contacts
    • H01H2003/008Mechanisms for operating contacts with a haptic or a tactile feedback controlled by electrical means, e.g. a motor or magnetofriction
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H3/00Mechanisms for operating contacts
    • H01H3/32Driving mechanisms, i.e. for transmitting driving force to the contacts
    • H01H3/50Driving mechanisms, i.e. for transmitting driving force to the contacts with indexing or locating means, e.g. indexing by ball and spring
    • H01H2003/506Driving mechanisms, i.e. for transmitting driving force to the contacts with indexing or locating means, e.g. indexing by ball and spring making use of permanent magnets

Abstract

The rotary selector switch (2) has a rotary actuating element (6) and a unit for influencing the torque required for a rotation of the actuating element. The unit has a magnet that is coupled in rotating manner with the actuating element and works together with a magnet spaced from it in a stationary manner. The magnet is designed as a permanent magnet (12) and as an electromagnet (14). The permanent magnet is a disk-shaped or circular and has segments with different magnetic polarity.

Description

  • The The invention relates to a rotary selector switch for motor vehicles, with a rotatable actuator, and means for influencing the rotation of the actuator required torque.
  • Such a rotary selector switch is for example from the DE 200 14 425 U1 known. In this rotary selector switch, the means for influencing the torque required for a rotation of the actuating element are formed by an electric motor. A similar rotary selector switch is from the DE 103 41 750 A1 known, which additionally comprises locking means for locking the actuating element in a direction parallel to the axis of rotation.
  • From the DE 10 2004 022 846 A1 a rotary selector switch is known in which the actuation forces or moments of the actuating element are influenced by latching elements, which can be controlled by an electromagnetic arrangement.
  • The Known rotary selector switch are relatively expensive because They sometimes require the use of an electric motor. Using of locking means, the arrangement is subject to wear, so that the for one Operator perceptible feel while change the operating time can.
  • Of these, The present invention is based on the object, to create a rotary selector switch of the type mentioned, the one preferably simple structure and has little wear.
  • These Task is inventively characterized solved, in that the means for influencing the rotation of the actuating element required torque rotatably coupled to the actuator Magnet having a spaced therefrom stationary Magnets interacts.
  • Of the Rotary switch according to the invention features itself by being a non-contact Arrangement can be created, which is thus wear-free. By using two interacting magnets can the torque required to turn the actuator is affected become. If in this case magnetic fields of opposite polarity interact, it reduces for a rotation of the actuating element required torque; if magnetic fields of the same polarity interact, elevated the required torque.
  • To A first development of the invention is at least one magnet designed as a permanent magnet. This magnet is by use a suitable ferromagnetic material capable of a magnetic field to produce without this an energy source would have to be provided. In the simplest case can both with the actuator Rotary coupled magnet as well as the stationary magnet a permanent magnet be. However, it is preferred that at least one magnet is designed as an electromagnet is. Such an electromagnet makes it possible through appropriate Control, one in its strength generate varying magnetic field.
  • It is preferred that the rotationally coupled magnet as a permanent magnet and that the stationary magnet is designed as an electromagnet. This facilitates the electrical contacting of the electromagnet.
  • Of the Permanent magnet can be disc-shaped or annular be. As a result, a simple integration in a preferred at least approximately cylindrical actuator allows.
  • Of the Permanent magnet can be segments with different magnetic polarity exhibit. The number of segments corresponds to possible preferred positions of the actuating element. It can the segments arranged regularly be, you can but also about different sized angle ranges extend.
  • In Advantageously, the electromagnet with a drive unit connected, with which the energization of the electromagnet adjustable is. this makes possible the influence of strength of the electric field generated by the electromagnet. This Magnetic field in turn interacts with the other magnet, which is preferably designed as a permanent magnet.
  • Farther It is advantageous if the electromagnet for measuring in a Coil of the electromagnet flowing Power is connected to an evaluation unit. This is possible the influence of the interacting magnetic fields have on each other, in a simple way to understand. On This basis can also set the current to the electromagnet be in order to torque in each rotational position of the actuator to be able to influence with the the actuator can be twisted in this rotational position.
  • Of the Electromagnet can be in a rotationally coupled to the axis of rotation of the Magnet be arranged radial direction. This will be a relatively shallower Construction achieved.
  • The electromagnet can also be used in one of the Be arranged rotation axis of the rotationally coupled magnet parallel direction. As a result, only little space is claimed in a plane substantially perpendicular to the actuating element.
  • Of the Rotary selector switch can be used to detect the direction of rotation of the actuator An additional Have sensor. Thus, you can the torques required for a given rotational position also the direction of rotation of the actuating element be adjusted.
  • The Rotary axes of the actuator and of the rotationally coupled magnet can be identical. This is a particularly simple coupling of the rotationally coupled magnet with the actuator possible. In Advantageously, the rotationally coupled magnet of material of the actuating element to be splashed. In this way, the rotationally coupled magnet is rotationally fixed with the actuating element connected and can, without requiring further assembly steps would, together with the actuator to be assembled.
  • It but it is also possible that the rotationally coupled magnet over an intermediate gear is driven by the actuator is. That way you can the actuator and the rotationally coupled magnet are spatially decoupled from each other, for example if this for space reasons should be required.
  • For a special easy operation of the actuator It is proposed that this has a knurled actuating surface.
  • Further Advantages, features and details of the invention will become apparent the following description, with reference to the drawing particularly preferred embodiments are described in detail. It can be shown in the drawing as well as in the claims as well as mentioned in the description Features individually for each itself or in any combination essential to the invention. In show the drawing:
  • 1 a schematic side view of a rotary selector switch for motor vehicles;
  • 2 a plan view of a rotary selector switch according to a first embodiment; and
  • 3 a plan view of a rotary selector switch according to a second embodiment.
  • In 1 is a rotary selector switch with the reference numeral 2 designated. This one has an axis of rotation 4 rotatable actuator 6 on, which is a knurled, generally substantially cylindrical actuating surface 8th having.
  • The actuator 8th is in a fixed shot 10 added. Below the picture 10 extends perpendicular to the axis of rotation 4 an annular permanent magnet 12 , which rotates with the actuator 6 is connected, so it is rotationally coupled with this.
  • In the radial direction adjacent to the permanent magnet 12 is a schematically illustrated electromagnet 14 intended. The permanent magnet 12 and the electromagnet 14 do not touch, but are spaced apart. The permanent magnet 12 and the electromagnet 14 However, they are so close to each other, that of the magnets 12 . 14 generated magnetic fields can interact with each other.
  • The permanent magnet 12 is in 2 enlarged and shown in a plan view. The permanent magnet 12 has segments 16 and 18 different magnetic polarity. In the illustrated embodiment, those of the segments 16 and 18 assumed angular ranges equal. The segments 16 have a magnetic south pole, the segments 18 a magnetic north pole.
  • The one to the permanent magnet 14 spaced electromagnet 14 generates a magnetic field whose polarity in 2 with "S" for "South Pole" and "N" for "North Pole" is illustrated. The electromagnet 14 is in connection with a drive unit 20 with the help of the electromagnet 14 producible magnetic field or its strength can be influenced. The electromagnet 14 also stands with an evaluation unit 22 in connection with which currents applied in a coil of the electromagnet can be measured. These currents occur when the magnetic field of the permanent magnet 12 the magnetic field of the electromagnet 14 influenced so that in the coil, a current is induced.
  • At the in 2 illustrated rotational position of the permanent magnet 12 or of the actuating element 6 is the actuator 6 in a preferred position, as a segment 18 with a north pole with the south pole of the electromagnet 14 interacts. To the actuator 6 To move from this position clockwise or counterclockwise requires increased torque. This increases until it reaches a maximum when the segment 16 directly adjacent to the south pole of the electromagnet 14 is. This torque maximum can be controlled by an operator via the actuating surface 8th be perceived haptically. When the latter position is exceeded, the required torque decreases, up to a position in which the next segment 18 adjacent to the South Pole of the Elek tromagneten 14 is arranged.
  • 3 shows a plan view of a permanent magnet 12 according to a second embodiment. This one is between the opposite polarity segments 16 and 18 material portions 24 provided, which consist of a non-ferromagnetic material. The material 24 may for example be formed of a plastic material, from which also the actuating element 6 is formed. In this way, the permanent magnet can 12 by encapsulation in the actuator 6 be integrated.

Claims (16)

  1. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) for motor vehicles, with a rotatable actuating element ( 6 ), and means for influencing the rotation of the actuating element ( 6 ) required torque, characterized in that the means one with the actuating element ( 6 ) have rotationally coupled magnets which cooperates with a stationary magnet spaced therefrom.
  2. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one magnet as a permanent magnet ( 12 ) is trained.
  3. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that at least one magnet as electromagnet ( 14 ) is trained.
  4. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the rotationally coupled magnet as a permanent magnet ( 12 ) and that the stationary magnet as an electromagnet ( 14 ) is trained.
  5. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of claims 2 to 4, characterized in that the permanent magnet ( 12 ) is disc-shaped or annular.
  6. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of claims 2 to 5, characterized in that the permanent magnet ( 12 ) Segments ( 16 . 18 ) having different magnetic polarity.
  7. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to claim 6, characterized in that the segments ( 16 . 18 ) extend over different large angular ranges.
  8. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of claims 3 to 7, characterized in that the electromagnet ( 14 ) with a drive unit ( 20 ), with which the energization of the electromagnet ( 14 ) is adjustable.
  9. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of claims 3 to 8, characterized in that the electromagnet ( 14 ) for measuring in a coil of the electromagnet ( 14 ) flowing current with an evaluation unit ( 22 ) connected is.
  10. Rotary switch 2 ) according to at least one of claims 3 to 9, characterized in that the electromagnet ( 14 ) in one to the axis of rotation ( 4 ) of the rotationally coupled magnet is arranged in the radial direction.
  11. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of claims 3 to 9, characterized in that the electromagnet ( 14 ) in one to the axis of rotation ( 4 ) of the rotationally coupled magnet parallel direction is arranged.
  12. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the rotary selector switch ( 2 ) for detecting the direction of rotation of the actuating element ( 6 ) has an additional sensor.
  13. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the axes of rotation ( 4 ) of the actuating element ( 6 ) and the rotationally coupled magnet are identical.
  14. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the rotationally coupled magnet of material of the actuating element ( 6 ) is sprayed over.
  15. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of claims 1 to 13, characterized in that the rotationally coupled magnet via an intermediate gear from the actuating element ( 6 ) is driven.
  16. Rotary selector switch ( 2 ) according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the actuating element ( 6 ) a knurled actuating surface ( 8th ) having.
DE102006045365A 2006-09-26 2006-09-26 Rotary selector switch for motor vehicle, has rotary actuating element and unit, which has magnet that is coupled in rotating manner with actuating element and works together with magnet spaced from it in stationary manner Withdrawn DE102006045365A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102006045365A DE102006045365A1 (en) 2006-09-26 2006-09-26 Rotary selector switch for motor vehicle, has rotary actuating element and unit, which has magnet that is coupled in rotating manner with actuating element and works together with magnet spaced from it in stationary manner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102006045365A DE102006045365A1 (en) 2006-09-26 2006-09-26 Rotary selector switch for motor vehicle, has rotary actuating element and unit, which has magnet that is coupled in rotating manner with actuating element and works together with magnet spaced from it in stationary manner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE102006045365A1 true DE102006045365A1 (en) 2008-04-03

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DE102006045365A Withdrawn DE102006045365A1 (en) 2006-09-26 2006-09-26 Rotary selector switch for motor vehicle, has rotary actuating element and unit, which has magnet that is coupled in rotating manner with actuating element and works together with magnet spaced from it in stationary manner

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110114736A (en) * 2016-12-21 2019-08-09 阿尔卑斯阿尔派株式会社 Operating device

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE8910606U1 (en) * 1989-09-06 1989-10-26 J.D. Moeller Optische Werke Gmbh, 2000 Wedel, De
DE4035011A1 (en) * 1990-11-03 1992-05-07 Lucas Elektro Bau Elemente Electric stepping switch ratchet mechanism - incorporates signal source providing signal when switch is displaced between ratchet positions
DE19651315A1 (en) * 1996-12-11 1998-06-18 A B Elektronik Gmbh Rotary indexing switch with latched dialling settings e.g. for dialling motor vehicle on-board computer
DE3942811C2 (en) * 1989-12-23 1998-12-03 Euchner Gmbh & Co Manually operated encoder with tactile detent
US6320487B1 (en) * 1997-03-25 2001-11-20 Lear Automotive Dearborn, Inc. Control device with tailored feedback
DE10158682A1 (en) * 2001-11-30 2003-06-26 Ebe Elektro Bau Elemente Gmbh Locking action for an electric switch has a non-contact magnetic device to lock the rotary positions of a rotor
DE20220379U1 (en) * 2002-04-27 2003-07-03 Preh Elektro Feinmechanik Latching system for a rotary incremental actuator is provided by a magnetic field
EP1513174A2 (en) * 2003-09-05 2005-03-09 Deere & Company Actuating device for rotary actuation
JP2006244885A (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-14 Shin Caterpillar Mitsubishi Ltd Dial operating tool

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE8910606U1 (en) * 1989-09-06 1989-10-26 J.D. Moeller Optische Werke Gmbh, 2000 Wedel, De
DE3942811C2 (en) * 1989-12-23 1998-12-03 Euchner Gmbh & Co Manually operated encoder with tactile detent
DE4035011A1 (en) * 1990-11-03 1992-05-07 Lucas Elektro Bau Elemente Electric stepping switch ratchet mechanism - incorporates signal source providing signal when switch is displaced between ratchet positions
DE19651315A1 (en) * 1996-12-11 1998-06-18 A B Elektronik Gmbh Rotary indexing switch with latched dialling settings e.g. for dialling motor vehicle on-board computer
US6320487B1 (en) * 1997-03-25 2001-11-20 Lear Automotive Dearborn, Inc. Control device with tailored feedback
DE10158682A1 (en) * 2001-11-30 2003-06-26 Ebe Elektro Bau Elemente Gmbh Locking action for an electric switch has a non-contact magnetic device to lock the rotary positions of a rotor
DE20220379U1 (en) * 2002-04-27 2003-07-03 Preh Elektro Feinmechanik Latching system for a rotary incremental actuator is provided by a magnetic field
EP1513174A2 (en) * 2003-09-05 2005-03-09 Deere & Company Actuating device for rotary actuation
JP2006244885A (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-14 Shin Caterpillar Mitsubishi Ltd Dial operating tool

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110114736A (en) * 2016-12-21 2019-08-09 阿尔卑斯阿尔派株式会社 Operating device
EP3561634A4 (en) * 2016-12-21 2020-07-29 Alps Alpine Co., Ltd. Operation device

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