DE102006028046B4 - Combined display and operating device for a motor vehicle - Google Patents

Combined display and operating device for a motor vehicle

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Publication number
DE102006028046B4
DE102006028046B4 DE102006028046.6A DE102006028046A DE102006028046B4 DE 102006028046 B4 DE102006028046 B4 DE 102006028046B4 DE 102006028046 A DE102006028046 A DE 102006028046A DE 102006028046 B4 DE102006028046 B4 DE 102006028046B4
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Germany
Prior art keywords
operating
screen
display
characterized
device according
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
DE102006028046.6A
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German (de)
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DE102006028046A1 (en
Inventor
Michael MISCHKE
Werner Hamberger
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Audi AG
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Audi AG
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Audi AG filed Critical Audi AG
Priority to DE102006028046.6A priority Critical patent/DE102006028046B4/en
Publication of DE102006028046A1 publication Critical patent/DE102006028046A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE102006028046B4 publication Critical patent/DE102006028046B4/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K35/00Arrangement of adaptations of instruments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K37/00Dashboards
    • B60K37/04Arrangement of fittings on dashboard
    • B60K37/06Arrangement of fittings on dashboard of controls, e.g. controls knobs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K2370/00Details of arrangements or adaptations of instruments specially adapted for vehicles, not covered by groups B60K35/00, B60K37/00
    • B60K2370/10Input devices or features thereof
    • B60K2370/12Input devices or input features
    • B60K2370/141Activation by approaching fingers or pens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K2370/00Details of arrangements or adaptations of instruments specially adapted for vehicles, not covered by groups B60K35/00, B60K37/00
    • B60K2370/10Input devices or features thereof
    • B60K2370/12Input devices or input features
    • B60K2370/143Touch sensitive input devices

Abstract

Combined display and operating device for a motor vehicle (1), comprising a touch-sensitive screen (7) for displaying and selecting operating functions, wherein means (8, 8 ') for detecting an operating means is provided, wherein the screen (7) at a in a predetermined range (14) around the screen (7) detected operating means of an information mode in an operating mode in which the selection of operating functions is possible, is switchable, characterized in that the information displayed on the screen (7) simultaneously on a further, easily recognizable by the driver with his gaze display can be displayed, via the device (8, 8 ') can be determined, where above the screen surface, the operating means is currently arranged, so that in the operating mode, a position of the operating means on the other display can be displayed ,

Description

  • The invention relates to a combined display and control device for a motor vehicle, comprising a touch-sensitive screen for displaying and selecting operating functions, wherein means for detecting an operating means is provided, wherein the screen at a detected in a predetermined area around the screen operating means of a Information mode in an operating mode in which the selection of operating functions is possible, is switchable. In addition, the invention relates to a motor vehicle with such a screen.
  • The use of touch-sensitive screens, so-called touch screens, in motor vehicles is well known in the art. These screens are usually arranged laterally in the passenger direction next to the steering wheel or on the dashboard, so that a driver does not have to cover a long distance by hand to select operating functions. Such screens are generally used for on-board computers or specifically for navigation systems, radio controls and the like.
  • A disadvantage of the touch screens is that the buttons to be operated must be quite large and unique in order to ensure safe operation. Thus, a touch-sensitive screen does not reach by far the information density that would be achievable due to the resolution and display options.
  • Out DE 41 21 180 A1 a method for manually controlling an electronic display device and a manually controllable electronic display device is known. By means of an evaluation circuit, two distance zones are monitored, which are used when approaching a user's hand to trigger operating functions. As the hand enters the outer clearance zone, the panel displays operation instructions panels and, when entering one or more inner clearance zones, triggers operator functions assigned to those clearance zones by the controls.
  • Out WO 2003/012618 A2 a combined display and control device for a motor vehicle is known in which by means of an adjustment means an operating means can be detected, which approaches a screen. In the case of a detected operating means, the display and operating device can be switched from an information mode to an operating mode, wherein operating elements are displayed in the operating mode.
  • DE 196 53 595 C1 describes a method in which a video camera is directed to a control panel. The image of the video camera can be displayed on a display which is located within the driver's field of vision. By means of the video camera, an area of the center console of the motor vehicle is thus recorded, wherein the video image can be displayed on the display of the motor vehicle.
  • The invention is therefore based on the object to provide an improved combined display and control device for a motor vehicle.
  • To solve this problem is provided according to the invention in a combined display and control device of the type mentioned that displayed on the screen information can be displayed simultaneously on another, easily recognizable by the driver with his gaze display, which can be determined via the device where above the screen surface, the operating means is currently arranged, so that in the operating mode, a position of the operating means can be displayed on the other display.
  • The invention thus provides a device for non-contact detection of an operating means at least in a predetermined area around the screen, for example, a substantially cuboidal area in front of the display surface. After it was only possible to determine a touch of the screen itself, it is advantageously possible according to the invention, an operating means, for. As a finger or stylus, already at a distance to capture the screen.
  • Due to this detection, it is possible to influence the display on the screen accordingly. Therefore, the screen is switchable from an information mode to an operation mode when the operation means is detected in a predetermined area around the screen. The operating mode is well known on touchscreens. In this case, large-area keys and possibly adjustable parameters or other information related to the keys are usually displayed. In the context of this invention, it has been recognized that such a representation is only necessary if an operation of the screen as a touchscreen is actually desired. In other cases, the screen may remain in an information mode in which, if necessary, the detection means detecting the touch are also deactivated. In this way, system resources can be saved.
  • In the information mode, a larger information density displayed on the screen is achievable than in the operating mode. This means that additional, more sophisticated information can be displayed. Also, others can Display options of the screen, for example, graphical nature, better exploited to provide additional information or to allow a more intuitive presentation.
  • According to the invention, therefore, the operating mode, so the touch screen functionality is activated only if the driver really wants it. Otherwise, the information mode is active in which differentiated and additional information is displayed. In this case, a visually appealing layout of the presentation can be selected on the screen.
  • The operating means in the sense of the present invention may be, in particular, the fingers of a human hand, but other operating means are also conceivable which can be used to operate touch-sensitive screens. It is, for example, to think of a pen-like operating means, as is often used in handheld computers. Such an agent results in less contamination of the screen surface.
  • In a further embodiment of the invention, it can be provided that upon detection of an operating element leaving the area, the screen can be switched from the operating mode to the information mode. In this embodiment, the screen remains in the operating mode just as long as the operating means is in the predetermined area around the screen, that is, as long as a possible operation can be anticipated. Removes the driver again the operating means out of the area, he gets his usual, possibly more detailed and appealing presented information display in information mode.
  • Alternatively or additionally, it can also be provided that the screen can be switched from the operating mode to the information mode after a predetermined period of time has elapsed after a detected penetration of the operating means into the area or the last actuation of the touch-sensitive screen or after a detected exit from the area. In this case, the screen remains in any case for a certain time in the operating mode, whereby a frequent switching of the mode is avoided when the operating means the detection range z. B. leaves for a short time and is re-introduced for further operation. The enumerated conditions can also be relevant side by side. Thus, it can be provided that the screen is switched back after a predetermined period of time after a detected penetration of the operating means in the information mode when no operation of the touch-sensitive screen takes place. However, if such an operation takes place, it can be provided that the predetermined period of time begins again.
  • The means for detecting the operating means can be designed in various ways. Thus, the detection device may comprise a capacitive and / or light-optical and / or temperature-sensitive sensor. With all these sensors, it is possible to detect without contact the presence of the operating means in the predetermined area around the screen.
  • A particularly advantageous embodiment is obtained if the detection device comprising a capacitive sensor also serves to detect a touch of the touch-sensitive screen. Since capacitive sensors deliver a signal both in non-contact and at distances, it is possible in this embodiment to combine both necessary detection means in the detection device. This saves a component and ensures a simpler design.
  • Alternatively or additionally, the detection device may also include a camera, in particular for monitoring the interior. Such interior monitoring cameras have been proposed in other contexts, for example, to determine if a driver is properly seated. To these cameras, an image processing unit is coupled, which in particular has a pattern recognition. This pattern recognition is usually also able to determine a finger or the associated hand on the image, so that accordingly it can be determined whether an operation of the screen as a touch screen is desired or the operating means (the finger) penetrates into the predetermined area , Accordingly, according to the invention advantageously also a device already installed in the car can serve as a detection device.
  • In a further embodiment of the invention can be provided that the combined display and control device comprises at least one manual control element and / or an acoustically controllable control element, in particular a voice control unit, via which the control functions can be selected and / or displayed on the screen information. Such a combined display and operating device can therefore advantageously be designed so that a driver can choose between several operating options. If, for example, a manual operating element and the touch-sensitive screen are provided, then the operation can take place via the manual operating element, wherein the screen remains in the information mode, that is, can display a larger number of information. there For example, it is possible to think of an operating element with which lists can, as it were, be scrolled through on the screen or options can be switched through, whereby the usable information density and the type of presentation in the information mode can be made more detailed or visually appealing when operated with the manual control element. If, however, the operating means approaches the screen, ie if a desired touchscreen operation is indicated by the driver, the screen is switched to the operating mode in which the entire touchscreen functionality is provided. For example, lists are converted into enlarged, easy-to-use keys. In the context of this embodiment, it is thus possible for the driver to basically use the operating mode of his choice for selecting the operating functions or for changing information displayed on the screen. Thus, the preferences of different types of drivers can be satisfied.
  • If such a manual control element and / or an acoustically controllable control element is provided, then the display and control device can be configured as a function of a manual input or an acoustic signal for switching the screen from the information mode to the operating mode and / or from the operating mode to the information mode. For example, it may be provided that the driver calls the operating mode by pronunciation of the word "touchscreen", by pronunciation of the word "info" the information mode. This additional operating options for switching between the information mode and the operating mode are given, so that the system is more flexible overall handle. As an alternative to the mentioned voice commands, of course, a further manual control element can be provided, which additionally enables the switchover.
  • According to the information currently displayed by the screen at the same time on another, more easily detectable by the driver with his gaze display, such as a head-up display, displayed. Particularly advantageous is determined by the means for detecting the operating means, where above the screen surface, the operating means is currently arranged, it can be provided in the operating mode that the position of the operating means can be displayed on the other display. Optionally, the size or color of the display may also be used to indicate a distance from the surface of the screen. For example, in the case of a head-up display, it is then possible for the driver to keep an eye on the road and the further display and still know where the operating means, in particular his finger, is located in relation to the selection options displayed on the screen , Then an operation of a touch screen is possible without the driver has to turn his gaze to this.
  • In addition, the invention relates to a motor vehicle comprising a combined display and control device according to the present invention.
  • Further advantages and details of the present invention will become apparent from the embodiment described below and with reference to the drawings. Showing:
  • 1 a motor vehicle according to the invention with a display and control device according to a first embodiment,
  • 2 a schematic diagram of the operation of the combined display and operating device according to the invention according to the first embodiment,
  • 3 a representation on a screen in information mode, and
  • 4 a representation on the screen in the operating mode,
  • 1 shows a motor vehicle according to the invention 1 , It includes a dashboard 2 with a steering wheel arranged thereon 3 Behind the driver in a driver's seat 4 Can take a seat. In addition, the motor vehicle includes various vehicle systems 5 For example, navigation systems, entertainment media systems such as radio and the like, which can be controlled via various operating functions. The control of the vehicle systems 5 via a control unit 6 which is associated with a display and control device. About this display and control device operating functions are received and the driver information displayed. The display and operating device comprises a touch-sensitive screen 7 which is switchable between an operating mode and an information mode. In addition, in the touch-sensitive screen 7 a detection device 8th for detecting an operating means, in particular a finger of a driver integrated. The detection device 8th includes one or more capacitive sensors 9 ,
  • The capacitive sensors 9 fulfill two different functionalities. On the one hand, they serve to detect an actual touch of the screen by the operating means, in particular the driver's finger. In this way, operating functions displayed on the screen are selected. The capacitive sensors 9 and thus the detector 8th However, it is also designed to detect the operating means in its detection range even if it is still from the screen 8th is spaced.
  • If the operating means is detected in a certain intended area, so is the screen 8th switchable from an information mode to an operating mode.
  • The display and operating device additionally comprises a manual operating element 10 , the side of the driver's seat 4 is arranged and also allows a selection of the operating function and a change in the information displayed on the screen. Finally, there is a voice control 11 provided that can process spoken words or sentences of a driver and by means of which selected operating functions or the information displayed on the screen 8th can be changed.
  • 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating the operation of the present invention in more detail. Shown is the hand 12 a driver holding a finger 13 as operating means for the screen 8th includes. The detection device 8th that's here in the screen 7 integrated, is designed to hold the finger 13 or the hand 12 within their coverage. In addition, a predetermined range 14 Are defined. Show the detection data of the detection device 8th on that the finger is 13 or the hand 12 in the area 14 move in, for example from a position I along the arrow 15 in a position II, so a signal is generated, which is the screen 7 switches from an information mode to an operating mode as far as the screen 7 not already in operating mode. In the operating mode, it is then possible to operate functions by means of a function of the screen 7 as a touch screen directly on the screen to select.
  • In this example, the predetermined range corresponds 14 in its shape a truncated pyramid, whose smaller footprint from the display surface of the screen 7 is formed. However, there are other training of the area 14 conceivable, for example, a cuboid shape, a truncated cone-like shape or any shapes. In particular, the area can 14 also from the detection range of the detection device 8th be formed. Then it only has to be distinguished, whether or not from the detection device 8th the operating means, in this case the finger 13 or the hand 12 , is recorded.
  • To switch the screen 7 From the operating mode to the information mode, various possibilities are conceivable. So it is possible for one thing, when leaving the area 14 by the operating means, for example movement of the hand 12 from position II along the arrow 16 in the position I, a switchover to the information mode. In this case, the operating mode is thus active as long as the operating means within the range 14 located.
  • Alternatively, however, it is also conceivable that the switching back from the operating mode to the information mode takes place after a predetermined period of time following a specific event. Such an event may be the already mentioned leaving the area 14 be by the operating means, but it is also conceivable that in principle the time after the entry of the operating means in the area 14 starts. However, after that, an operating function or other selection option on the screen 7 actuated, the detection device senses 8th So a touch of the screen, it can be provided that this period begins again.
  • 3 shows the presentation on the screen 7 in information mode. At the bottom of the screen 7 becomes a status line 17 displayed. Most of the screen takes the appearance of a list 18 a, for example, a list of selectable radio stations. An entry 19 the list 18 is highlighted as it is currently, for example, using the manual control 10 was selected. With the help of the manual control element 10 For example, is it possible to list 18 scroll through and then select a radio station. The highlighting of the entry 19 or the entry itself does not have to be particularly large in this case, since the selection does not take place via a rather large finger. That means in the list 18 relatively many entries can be displayed, a high information density is achieved. They are also on the left side of the screen 7 graphic symbols 20 represented, for example, are designed as softkeys, which also via the operating means 10 can be selected in this information display. Of course, the corresponding operating functions or scrolling through the list can also be done via voice control 11 respectively. In information mode, therefore, there is a high density of information and the presentation is visually appealing.
  • The driver now moves his hand 12 with your finger 13 For example, in position II, so will the screen 7 from the information mode into the 4 Switched explained operating mode.
  • Now visible are representations of large, spaced-apart keys 21 provided by the finger 12 are easily selectable. The button's 21 only give part of the list 18 again, the lower two buttons 22 switching through the list 18 serve.
  • In the 3 and 4 shown switching of the information mode in the operating mode is considered as exemplary only. Thus, in an information window in which it is mainly about the selection of the current volume of a radio, also be provided that a visually appealing displayed in information mode volume control is replaced in the operating mode by a scale or a value display, for example, two large buttons " + "And" - "are shown. Ultimately, therefore, each reproduced by the information mode operating situation associated with a corresponding representation in the operating mode, via which the corresponding operating functions are executable.
  • However, the operating functions can also be accessed via the additional operating elements 10 and 11 Select.
  • In addition, it is also possible in the display and operating device according to the invention that between the information mode and the operating mode by means of, for example, special voice commands or inputs via the manual control element 10 can be switched.
  • The detection device 8th does not have to be in the screen 7 be integrated and do not need to simultaneously capture a touch of the screen 7 serve. There are also light-optical sensors z. B. conceivable in the manner of a light barrier, the side of the screen 7 are attached or in the screen 7 built-in temperature sensors that do not detect the touch of the screen.
  • Besides, it is possible to have an in 1 Dashed lines the interior of the motor vehicle monitoring camera 23 as an alternative detection device 8th' or part of the detection device 8th provided. The camera 23 is then an image processing unit 24 assigned, by means of which the operating means, in particular the hand 12 with your finger 13 on the camera 23 captured image can be determined. Then a movement of the hand 12 to the screen 7 also about the camera 23 be detected, so that a switch between the two modes is possible.

Claims (14)

  1. Combined display and control device for a motor vehicle ( 1 ), comprising a touch-sensitive screen ( 7 ) for displaying and selecting operating functions, a device ( 8th . 8th' ) is provided for detecting an operating means, wherein the screen ( 7 ) at one in a predetermined range ( 14 ) around the screen ( 7 ) detected operating means of an information mode in an operating mode in which the selection of operating functions is possible, is switchable, characterized in that the on-screen ( 7 ) displayed on a further, easily recognizable by the driver with his gaze visible display, wherein the device ( 8th . 8th' ) is determined, where above the screen surface, the operating means is currently arranged, so that in the operating mode, a position of the operating means can be displayed on the other display.
  2. Combined display and operating device according to claim 1, characterized in that a distance of the operating means from the surface of the screen ( 7 ) can be displayed via the size or the color of the display on the further display.
  3. Combined display and control device according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that the further display is designed as a head-up display.
  4. Combined display and operating device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that upon detection of the area ( 14 ) leaving the screen ( 7 ) is switchable from the operating mode to the information mode.
  5. Combined display and operating device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the screen ( 7 ) after a predetermined period of time after a detected penetration of the operating means into the area ( 14 ) or the last touch-screen operation ( 7 ) or after a recorded exit from the area ( 14 ) is switchable by the operating means of the operating mode in the information mode.
  6. Combined display and operating device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the detection device ( 8th . 8th' ) a capacitive and / or light-optical and / or temperature-sensitive sensor ( 9 ).
  7. Combined display and operating device according to claim 6, characterized in that the one capacitive sensor ( 9 ) comprehensive detection device ( 8th . 8th' ) also the detection of a touch of the touch-sensitive screen ( 7 ) serves.
  8. Combined display and operating device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the detection device ( 8th . 8th' ) a camera ( 23 ).
  9. Combined display and operating device according to claim 8, characterized in that it is a camera for monitoring the interior.
  10. Combined display and operating device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises at least one manual control element ( 10 ) and / or an acoustically controllable operating element via which the operating functions can be selected and / or displayed on the screen ( 7 ) displayed information is changeable.
  11. Combined display and control device according to claim 10, characterized in that the acoustically controllable control element is a voice control unit.
  12. Combined display and control device according to one of claims 10 or 11, characterized in that it also in response to a manual input or an acoustic signal for switching the screen ( 7 ) is formed from the information mode in the operating mode and / or the operating mode in the information mode.
  13. Combined display and operating device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the operating means a hand ( 12 ) or a finger ( 13 ).
  14. Motor vehicle comprising a combined display and control device according to one of claims 1 to 13.
DE102006028046.6A 2006-06-19 2006-06-19 Combined display and operating device for a motor vehicle Active DE102006028046B4 (en)

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