DE102006010111A1 - Energy supplying device for building using solar energy as source, has two solar cells, for converting solar energy into electrical and heat energy and fuel cell blocks connected with hydrogen storage device for generating electrical energy - Google Patents

Energy supplying device for building using solar energy as source, has two solar cells, for converting solar energy into electrical and heat energy and fuel cell blocks connected with hydrogen storage device for generating electrical energy

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Publication number
DE102006010111A1
DE102006010111A1 DE200610010111 DE102006010111A DE102006010111A1 DE 102006010111 A1 DE102006010111 A1 DE 102006010111A1 DE 200610010111 DE200610010111 DE 200610010111 DE 102006010111 A DE102006010111 A DE 102006010111A DE 102006010111 A1 DE102006010111 A1 DE 102006010111A1
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Prior art keywords
energy
solar
electrical
device
heat
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DE200610010111
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German (de)
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Siegfried Gutfleisch
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Siegfried Gutfleisch
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
    • H01M8/0606Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues with means for production of gaseous reactants
    • H01M8/0656Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues with means for production of gaseous reactants by electrochemical means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M16/00Structural combinations of different types of electrochemical generators
    • H01M16/003Structural combinations of different types of electrochemical generators of fuel cells with other electrochemical devices, e.g. capacitors, electrolysers
    • H01M16/006Structural combinations of different types of electrochemical generators of fuel cells with other electrochemical devices, e.g. capacitors, electrolysers of fuel cells with rechargeable batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
    • H01M8/04082Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration
    • H01M8/04089Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration of gaseous reactants
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
    • H01M8/04082Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration
    • H01M8/04201Reactant storage and supply, e.g. means for feeding, pipes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, E.G. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/30Electrical components
    • H02S40/38Energy storage means, e.g. batteries, structurally associated with PV modules
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2250/00Fuel cells for particular applications; Specific features of fuel cell system
    • H01M2250/10Fuel cells in stationary systems, e.g. emergency power source in plant
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2250/00Fuel cells for particular applications; Specific features of fuel cell system
    • H01M2250/40Combination of fuel cells with other energy production systems
    • H01M2250/402Combination of fuel cell with other electric generators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2250/00Fuel cells for particular applications; Specific features of fuel cell system
    • H01M2250/40Combination of fuel cells with other energy production systems
    • H01M2250/405Cogeneration of heat or hot water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • Y02B10/12Roof systems for PV cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02B90/10Applications of fuel cells in buildings
    • Y02B90/12Cogeneration of electricity with other electric generators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02B90/10Applications of fuel cells in buildings
    • Y02B90/14Emergency, uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating fuel cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02B90/10Applications of fuel cells in buildings
    • Y02B90/16Cogeneration or combined heat and power generation, e.g. for domestic hot water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling solar thermal engines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/20Systems combining fuel cells with production of fuel of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The device has fuel cell blocks (36) connected with the hydrogen storage device (31-33) for generating electrical energy. A control unit (40) for the distribution of the electrical and/or heat energy to consumer (27,28,38) and/or the memory devices (26). The two solar cells (23,24) are provided for converting solar energy into electrical energy and heat energy.

Description

  • [0001]
    Die Erfindung betrifft eine Einrichtung zur Energieversorgung unter Nutzung der Sonnenenergie als Energiequelle nach dem Oberbegriff des Anspruchs 1. The invention relates to a device for supplying power under use of solar energy as an energy source according to the preamble of claim 1.
  • [0002]
    Bekannt ist es, mit Hilfe von Solaranlagen Sonnenenergie als Energiequelle für Gebäude in Form von elektrischer Energie und/oder Wärmeenergie zu nutzen. to use with the help of solar energy systems solar energy as a power source for buildings in the form of electricity and / or heat energy is known. Nachteilig hieran ist, dass im Sommer mehr Energie zur Verfügung steht als genutzt werden kann, während dies im Winter in unseren Breitengraden genau umgekehrt ist. This has the disadvantage that is available in the summer, more energy can be used as, while this is reversed in winter in our latitude. Ein Speichern dieser Energieformen und Übertragen vom Sommer auf den Winter ist unmittelbar nicht zu erreichen. A storing these forms of energy and transferring from summer to winter can not be achieved immediately.
  • [0003]
    Es ist deshalb bei einer aus der It is therefore at a from the DE 34 13 772 A1 DE 34 13 772 A1 bekannten Einrichtung der eingangs genannten Art vorgeschlagen worden, die mit Hilfe der Fotovoltaik in elektrische Energie umgewandelte Sonnenenergie für die Elektrolyse von Wasser zu verwenden und den daraus abgespalteten Wasserstoff zu speichern, so dass der Wasserstoff dann zu entsprechenden Zeitpunkten einem Gasturbinengenerator zugeführt werden kann, der der Abgabe von elektrischer Energie und/oder von Wärmeenergie dient. known device of the type mentioned has been proposed to use using the photovoltaic converted to electrical energy solar energy for the electrolysis of water and to store the cleaved from hydrogen so that the hydrogen can then be fed at respective time points a gas turbine generator, the output of electric energy and / or heat energy is used. Derartige Gasturbinengeneratoren sind jedoch einerseits aufwendig in der Herstellung und andererseits relativ voluminös, was zu einem unangemessenen Raumaufwand innerhalb eines solchen Gebäudes führt. However, such gas turbine generators are expensive to manufacture on the one hand and on the other hand, relatively bulky, resulting in an inappropriate effort space within such a building. Darüber hinaus sind solche Gasturbinengeneratoren laut. In addition, such gas turbine generators are noisy. Außerdem ist von außen zusätzlicher Energiebedarf notwendig. In addition, necessary additional external energy.
  • [0004]
    Aufgabe der vorliegenden Erfindung ist es deshalb, eine Einrichtung zur Energieversorgung von Gebäuden unter Nutzung der Sonnenenergie als Energiequelle der eingangs genannten Art zu schaffen, die weniger aufwendig ist und einen geringeren Platzbedarf benötigt sowie keine weitere äußere Energiequelle nutzen muss. Object of the present invention is therefore to provide a device for supplying power to buildings using solar energy as a source of the type mentioned, which is less expensive and requires less space required and must not use any other external energy source.
  • [0005]
    Zur Lösung dieser Aufgabe sind bei einer Einrichtung der genannten Art die im Anspruch 1 angegebenen Merkmale vorgesehen. To achieve this object the features indicated in claim 1 are provided in a device of the type mentioned.
  • [0006]
    Durch die erfindungsgemäßen Maßnahmen ist neben einer kleinbauenden Einrichtung zur Erzeugung elektrischer Energie aus dem gespeicherten Wasserstoff eine im Wesentlichen autarke Energieversorgung eines Gebäudes über das ganze Jahr hinweg erreicht. The inventive measures a substantially self-sufficient energy supply of a building over the whole year is reached next to a small-sized device for generating electrical energy from the stored hydrogen. Durch den Einsatz eines aus Kraftfahrzeugen bekannten Brennstoffzellenblocks in stationärer Form für ein Gebäude ist ein wesentlicher Vorteil im Hinblick auf eine wirtschaftliche Einsetzbarkeit und Durchführbarkeit einer autarken Energieversorgung erreicht. By using a well-known from motor vehicles fuel cell block in stationary form for a building a significant advantage is achieved in terms of economic feasibility and viability of a self-sufficient energy supply.
  • [0007]
    Mit den Merkmalen nach Anspruch 2 ist eine über die unterschiedlichen Jahreszeiten hinweg einfache Verteilung und entsprechender Einsatz von unmittelbar gewonnener sowie bereits gespeicherter Energie erreicht. With the features of claim 2 a of the different seasons of time is reached easy distribution and the appropriate use of directly derived, as well as already stored energy.
  • [0008]
    Eine weitere Verbesserung der Energiegewinnung und -nutzung ist durch die Merkmale nach Anspruch 3 erreicht, da mit der Kühlung einerseits der Wirkungsgrad von Fotovoltaikanlagen verbessert und andererseits die abgeführte Wärmeenergie in anderer Weise genutzt werden kann. A further improvement of the energy production and consumption is achieved by the features of claim 3, because the cooling on the one hand, the efficiency of photovoltaic panels improved and on the other hand, the heat dissipated energy can be used in other ways.
  • [0009]
    Eine kleinbauendere Möglichkeit der Speicherung des in der Elektrolyse gewonnenen Wasserstoffs ergibt sich nach den Merkmalen des Anspruchs 4 und/oder 5. A kleinbauendere possibility of storing the hydrogen obtained in the electrolysis is given by the features of claim 4 and / or the fifth
  • [0010]
    Mit den Merkmalen nach Anspruch 6 ist eine Standardisierung und damit deutliche Kostensenkung derartiger Einrichtungen erreicht, wobei derartige modulare Energieblöcke gemäß Anspruch 7 in unterschiedlich großen Energieeinheiten vorgefertigt bzw. vormontiert sein können. With the features according to claim 6, standardization, and thus reduce the costs of such devices is reached, wherein such modular power blocks may be prefabricated according to claim 7 in different sized units of energy and pre-assembled.
  • [0011]
    Weitere Einzelheiten der Erfindung sind der folgenden Beschreibung zu entnehmen, in der die Erfindung anhand des in der Zeichnung dargestellten Ausführungsbeispieles näher beschrieben und erläutert ist. Further details of the invention are the following description to refer, in which the invention with reference to the shown in the drawings embodiment is further described and explained. Die einzige Figur zeigt in einem schematischen Schnitt ein Gebäude mit einer Einrichtung zu deren autarken Energieversorgung unter Nutzung von Sonnenenergie als Energiequelle. The single figure shows a building with a means for their self-sufficient energy supply using solar energy as an energy source in a schematic section.
  • [0012]
    Die in der Zeichnung dargestellte Einrichtung ist zur autarken Energieversorgung eines Gebäudes The device illustrated in the drawing is for the autonomous power supply of a building 11 11 unter ausschließlicher Nutzung von Sonnenergie als Energiequelle vorgesehen. provided as an energy source with the exclusive use of solar energy. Gemäß der Figur ist das Gebäude According to the figure, the building 11 11 beispielsweise als Einfamilienhaus ausgebildet, das mit einem optimal geneigten Satteldach example, as a single family, which with an optimally sloped gable roof 12 12 versehen ist und das hinsichtlich der Sonneneinstrahlung über den Tag hinweg optimal ausgerichtet ist. is provided and that is optimally aligned with respect to the sun throughout the day. Unterhalb des Satteldaches Below the gable roof 12 12 ist beispielsweise das Wohngeschoss For example, the housing floor 13 13 und darunter das mit einem Teil der Energieversorgungseinrichtung versehene Kellergeschoss and including the provided with a part of the power supply device basement 14 14 . , Die Außenwände The exterior walls 15 15 sind optimal mit einem Dämmmaterial are optimal with an insulating material 16 16 thermisch isoliert. thermally insulated.
  • [0013]
    Die geneigten Dachflächen The sloping roofs 21 21 und and 22 22 , die zum Dachraum Leading to the attic 17 17 hin ebenfalls mit einem Dämmmaterial out also with an insulating material 16 16 thermisch isoliert sind, sind beim Ausführungsbeispiel jeweils sowohl mit einer ersten Solarzellenvorrichtung are thermally insulated, in the embodiment, both each having a first solar cell device 23 23 zur Umwandlung von Sonnenergie in elektrische Energie als auch mit einer zweiten Solarzellenvorrichtung for the conversion of solar energy into electrical energy as well as with a second solar cell device 24 24 zur Umwandlung von Sonnenergie in Wärmeenergie vorzugsweise vollflächig belegt. preferably over the entire surface occupied for the conversion of solar energy into thermal energy. Dabei ist die Aufteilung der Dachflächen It is the division of roof surfaces 21 21 und and 22 22 bezüglich der Belegung mit der ersten und der zweiten Solarzellenvorrichtung with respect to the occupation of the first and the second solar cell device 23 23 , . 24 24 entsprechend dem zu erwartenden Bedarf an unmittelbarer Wärmeenergie beziehungsweise an elektrischer Energie aufgeteilt. according to the expected demand divided on the immediate heat energy or electrical energy. In nicht dargestellter Weise sind die Bereiche der ersten Solarzellenvorrichtung Although not shown, are the areas of the first solar cell device 23 23 , die der Fotovoltaik dient, in nicht dargestellter Weise an ihrer Rückseite mit einer Wärmeleitungsvorrichtung versehen, über die die erste Solarzellenvorrichtung Which serves to photovoltaics, provided in a manner not shown on its back side with a heat conduction device, via which the first solar cell device 23 23 zur Erhöhung ihres Wirkungsgrads gekühlt werden können und die Abwärme nutzbar gemacht werden kann. to increase their efficiency can be cooled and the waste heat can be utilized.
  • [0014]
    Zur unmittelbaren bzw. mittelbaren Nutzung der Sonnenenergie durch Energieumwandlung sind im Kellergeschoss The direct or indirect use of solar energy through energy conversion are in the basement 14 14 eine Vielzahl von Aggregaten untergebracht. a plurality of units housed.
  • [0015]
    Zur unmittelbaren Nutzung der elektrischen Energie aus der ersten Solarzellen- bzw. Fotovoltaikvorrichtung The direct use of electrical energy from the first solar cell or photovoltaic device 23 23 ist eine elektrische Speichervorrichtung is an electrical storage device 26 26 vorgesehen, die beispielsweise aus einer oder mehreren Batterien und/oder Kondensatoren besteht. provided which consists for example of one or more batteries and / or capacitors. Entweder unmittelbar mit der Fotovoltaikvorrichtung Either directly to the photovoltaic installation 23 23 und/oder mit der elektrischen Speichervorrichtung and / or the electrical storage device 26 26 ist eine Elektrolysevorrichtung is an electrolysis apparatus 27 27 verbunden, die der Aufspaltung von Wasser in Wasserstoff und Sauerstoff dient. connected, which serves for the splitting of water into hydrogen and oxygen. Ebenso ist das elektrische Versorgungssystem Likewise, the electric supply system 28 28 des Gebäudes the building 11 11 beispielsweise über Wechselrichter unmittelbar mit der Fotovoltaikvorrichtung for example the inverter directly to the photovoltaic device 23 23 oder ebenfalls beispielsweise über Wechselrichter mittelbar mit der elektrischen Speichervorrichtung or also for example the inverter indirectly with the electrical storage device 26 26 verbunden. connected.
  • [0016]
    Die von der Elektrolysevorrichtung By the electrolyzer 27 27 gelieferten Gase, nämlich Wasserstoff und Sauerstoff werden unterschiedlich verwendet. supplied gases, namely, hydrogen and oxygen are used differently. Der Wasserstoff wird in einem Druckzwischenspeicher The hydrogen is in a print buffer 31 31 gelagert, während der Sauerstoff beispielsweise zur Klimatisierung bzw. zur Verbesserung des Raumklimas in nicht dargestellter Weise dem Wohngeschoss stored, while the oxygen, for example for air conditioning or for the improvement of the indoor climate in a manner not shown the housing floor 13 13 und ggf. dem Dachraum and possibly the roof space 17 17 zugeführt wird. is supplied. Mit dem Druckzwischenspeicher With the print buffer 31 31 ist eine Verflüssigereinheit a condenser 32 32 verbunden, die mit der elektrischen Speichervorrichtung connected with the electrical storage device 26 26 und/oder über eine zentrale Steuereinheit and / or via a central control unit 40 40 geregelt mit der Fotovoltaikvorrichtung regulated with the photovoltaic device 23 23 verbunden ist und der Verflüssigung des Wasserstoffs dient. is connected and is used for liquefaction of hydrogen. Von der Verflüssigereinheit From the condenser 32 32 aus gelangt der flüssige Wasserstoff in einen Wasserstoffflüssigspeicher from the liquid hydrogen passes into a liquid hydrogen storage 33 33 . ,
  • [0017]
    Die Einrichtung zur autarken Energieversorgung des Gebäudes The device for self-sufficient power supply of the building 11 11 besitzt ferner einen Brennstoffzellenblock further comprises a fuel cell block 36 36 , der mit dem Wasserstoffflüssigspeicher Connected to the liquid hydrogen storage 33 33 verbunden ist und zusätzlich der Versorgung des Gebäudes is connected and in addition, the supply of the building 11 11 mit elektrischer Energie dient. is used with electrical energy.
  • [0018]
    Ein Warmwasserspeicher A hot water tank 38 38 für das Warmwassersystem des Gebäudes for the hot water system of the building 11 11 wird beispielsweise von der zweiten Solarzellenvorrichtung For example, of the second solar cell device 24 24 in bekannter Weise mit Wärmeenergie versorgt. supplied in known manner by thermal energy. Außerdem kann die bei Kühlung der Fotovoltaikvorrichtung In addition, the cooling in the photovoltaic device 23 23 sich ergebende Abwärme über eine Wärmepumpe ebenfalls dem Warmwassersystem resulting waste heat via a heat pump also to the hot water system 38 38 zugeführt werden. are supplied. Entsprechend kann das Warmwassersystem Accordingly, the hot water system 38 38 auch über eine Wärmepumpe mit Erdwärme versorgt oder über die Fotovoltaikvorrichtung also supplied by a heat pump with geothermal energy or the photovoltaic device 23 23 und/oder die elektrische Speichervorrichtung and / or the electrical storage device 26 26 und/oder den Brennstoffzellenblock and / or the fuel cell block 36 36 über elektrische Beheizung erhitzt werden. be heated by electrical heating. Die Wärmepumpe oder Wärmepumpen werden über die Fotovoltaikvorrichtung The heat pump or heat pumps are on the photovoltaic installation 23 23 und/oder die elektrische Speichervorrichtung and / or the electrical storage device 26 26 und/oder den Brennstoffzellenblock and / or the fuel cell block 36 36 mit elektrischer Energie versorgt. supplied with electric power.
  • [0019]
    Die Einrichtung zur autarken Energieversorgung des Gebäudes The device for self-sufficient power supply of the building 11 11 besitzt außerdem eine zentrale Steuereinheit also has a central control unit 40 40 , die entsprechend den Witterungsbedingungen und entsprechend dem Energiebedarf der einzelnen Verbraucher die elektrische Energie sowie die thermische Energie verteilt. Which distributes the electric energy and the thermal energy in accordance with the weather conditions and according to the energy demand of the individual consumers. So wird beispielsweise die nicht unmittelbar zum Verbrauch benötigte elektrische Energie zunächst in der elektrischen Speichervorrichtung For example, the electrical energy required not directly for consumption initially in the electrical storage device 26 26 gespeichert. saved. Ist diese elektrische Speichervorrichtung gefüllt oder übersteigt die anfallende Energiemenge die Ladeleistung der elektrischen Speichervorrichtung If this electric storage device is filled or exceeds the accumulated amount of energy, the charging power of the electrical storage device 26 26 , startet die Elektrolysevorrichtung , Starts the electrolyzer 27 27 , wobei dann der anfallende Wasserstoff über die Zwischenstufe der Verflüssigereinheit , And then the resulting hydrogen via the intermediate stage of the condenser 32 32 dem Flüssigspeicher the liquid storage 33 33 zugeführt und dort gelagert wird. is supplied to and stored there.
  • [0020]
    Übersteigt der Energiebedarf die aktuelle anfallende Sonnenenergie, werden die elektrische Speichervorrichtung Exceeds the energy demand, the current heat of the sun, the electrical storage device 26 26 sowie der Brennstoffzellenblock and the fuel cell block 36 36 zur Energieversorgung des Gebäudes for supplying energy to the building 11 11 herangezogen. used. Hierbei verteilt sich der jeweilige Energiebeitrag entsprechend der geforderten Abnahme auf die einzelnen Verbraucher. Here, the respective energy contribution will be distributed according to the required reduction to the individual consumer.
  • [0021]
    Wird ein Gebäude, das einen sehr geringen oder gar keinen Warmwasserbedarf hat, mit einer derartigen autarken Energieversorgung versehen, so kann es ggf. ausreichen, das Dach Is a building that has a very low or no demand for hot water, provided with such a self-sufficient energy supply, it may possibly be enough, the roof 12 12 ausschließlich mit Fotovoltaikvorrichtungen exclusively with photovoltaic devices 23 23 zu belegen, also die zweite Solarzellenvorrichtung to prove, that the second solar cell device 24 24 wegzulassen, was bedeutet, dass dann der Wärmebedarf des Gebäudes durch elektrische Heizeinheiten zu befriedigen ist. omit, which means that then the heat demand of the building is to be satisfied by electric heating units.
  • [0022]
    Des weiteren ist es möglich, nicht nur die Dachflächen Furthermore, it is possible not only the roofs 21 21 , . 22 22 sondern auch Wandflächen der Außenwände but also wall surfaces of the outer walls 15 15 mit insbesondere Fotovoltaikvorrichtungen with particular photovoltaic devices 23 23 zu belegen. to prove.
  • [0023]
    Ein Energieblock, der beispielsweise einen Brennstoffzellenblock An energy block, for example, a fuel cell block 36 36 einer zentralen Steuereinheit a central control unit 40 40 , eine Elektrolysevorrichtung An electrolyzer 27 27 , eine elektrische Speichervorrichtung , An electrical storage device 26 26 , ggf. eine Wärmepumpe und weitere Nebenaggregate, wie Gebläse und dergleichen beinhaltet, kann in verschieden großen Leistungsmodulen, wie 5 kw, 10 kw, 20 kw, 50 kw, 100 kw, 200 kw, 500 kw und dergleichen vorgesehen sein. , If necessary, a heat pump and other auxiliary equipment, such as blowers and the like includes, in various sized power modules, such as 5 kW, 10 kW, 20 kW, 50 kW, 100 kW, 200 kW, 500 kW, and the like be provided. Dieser Energieblock wird dann vor Ort mit der ersten und/oder zweiten Solarzellenvorrichtung This energy block is then locally with the first and / or second solar cell device 23 23 , . 24 24 und den Aggregaten and the aggregates 31 31 bis to 33 33 verbunden. connected.

Claims (7)

  1. Einrichtung zur Energieversorgung von Gebäuden ( Device for energy supply of buildings ( 11 11 ) unter Nutzung der Sonnenenergie als Energiequelle, mit: einer ersten Solarzellenvorrichtung ( ) Using solar energy as an energy source, comprising: (a first solar cell device 23 23 ) zur Umwandlung von Sonnenenergie in elektrische Energie, vorzugsweise einer zweiten Solarzellenvorrichtung ( () For converting solar energy into electrical energy, preferably a second solar cell device 24 24 ) zur Umwandlung von Sonnenenergie in Wärmeenergie, einer Wasser-Elektrolyse-Vorrichtung ( () For converting solar energy into heat energy, a water electrolysis device 27 27 ) zum Zerlegen des Wassers in Wasserstoff und Sauerstoff mittels der von der ersten Solarzellenvorrichtung ( ) For decomposing water into hydrogen and oxygen by means of the (of the first solar cell device 23 23 ) gelieferten elektrischen Energie, einer Speichervorrichtung ( ) Supplied electric energy, a storage device ( 31 31 bis to 33 33 ) für den Wasserstoff und einer elektrischen Speichervorrichtung ( ) (For the hydrogen and an electrical storage device 26 26 ), gekennzeichnet durch einen mit der Wasserstoff-Speichervorrichtung ( ) Characterized by a (with the hydrogen storage device 31 31 bis to 33 33 ) verbundenen Brennstoffzellenblock ( ) Fuel cell block connected ( 36 36 ) zur Erzeugung elektrischer Energie. ) For generating electrical energy.
  2. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet durch eine Steuereinheit ( Device according to claim 1, characterized by a control unit ( 40 40 ) zur Verteilung der elektrischen und/oder Wärmeenergie an Verbraucher ( ) (For the distribution of electrical and / or thermal energy to consumers 27 27 ; ; 28 28 ; ; 38 38 ) und/oder die Speichervorrichtungen ( () And / or the storage devices 26 26 ; ; 31 31 bis to 33 33 ). ).
  3. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, gekennzeichnet durch eine Kühlvorrichtung für die erste Solarzellenvorrichtung ( Device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized by a cooling device for the first solar cell device ( 23 23 ) und einer Wärmepumpe mit Wärmespeicher. ) And a heat pump with heat storage.
  4. Einrichtung nach mindestens einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Speichervorrichtung für den Wasserstoff einen Verflüssiger ( Device according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the storage device for the hydrogen (a liquefier 32 32 ) und einen Flüssigspeicher ( ) And a liquid storage ( 33 33 ) aufweist. ) having.
  5. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Verflüssiger ( Device according to claim 4, characterized in that the condenser ( 32 32 ) mit der ersten Solarzellenvorrichtung ( ) (With the first solar cell device 23 23 ) verbunden ist. ) connected is.
  6. Einrichtung nach mindestens einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein modularer Energieblock aus Steuereinheit ( Device according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a modular power block from control unit ( 40 40 ), Elektrolysevorrichtung ( () Electrolyzer 27 27 ), Brennstoffzellenblock ( () Fuel cell block 36 36 ), Speichereinheiten ( (), Memory units 26 26 ; ; 31 31 bis to 33 33 ) und Wärmepumpe(n) vorgesehen ist. ) And the heat pump (s) is provided.
  7. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Energieblock als Modul bestimmter Leistungsgröße vorbereitet ist. Device according to claim 6, characterized in that the energy block is prepared as a module of certain amount of power.
DE200610010111 2006-02-28 2006-02-28 Energy supplying device for building using solar energy as source, has two solar cells, for converting solar energy into electrical and heat energy and fuel cell blocks connected with hydrogen storage device for generating electrical energy Withdrawn DE102006010111A1 (en)

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DE200610010111 DE102006010111A1 (en) 2006-02-28 2006-02-28 Energy supplying device for building using solar energy as source, has two solar cells, for converting solar energy into electrical and heat energy and fuel cell blocks connected with hydrogen storage device for generating electrical energy
US12224421 US20090025315A1 (en) 2006-02-28 2007-02-23 Apparatus for Supplying Power to Building Using Solar Power Source
PCT/EP2007/001598 WO2007098895A1 (en) 2006-02-28 2007-02-23 Apparatus for suppling power to buildings using solar power as a power source
EP20070711658 EP1989441A1 (en) 2006-02-28 2007-02-23 Apparatus for suppling power to buildings using solar power as a power source

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DE102012014710A1 (en) * 2012-07-25 2014-01-30 MHH Solartechnik GmbH System for supplying power to building, has control unit is connected with photovoltaic generator and consumers, to supply electrical power to electricity main, power storage unit, electric heat-generating unit and heat storage unit

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EP1989441A1 (en) 2008-11-12 application
US20090025315A1 (en) 2009-01-29 application

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