DE10105746A1 - Fragmentation warhead used for bullet or for rocket comprises blasting charge and ignition device having number of igniters which can be controlled using controller - Google Patents

Fragmentation warhead used for bullet or for rocket comprises blasting charge and ignition device having number of igniters which can be controlled using controller

Info

Publication number
DE10105746A1
DE10105746A1 DE2001105746 DE10105746A DE10105746A1 DE 10105746 A1 DE10105746 A1 DE 10105746A1 DE 2001105746 DE2001105746 DE 2001105746 DE 10105746 A DE10105746 A DE 10105746A DE 10105746 A1 DE10105746 A1 DE 10105746A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
ignition
warhead
controller
controlled
splinter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE2001105746
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Raimar Steuer
Roland Beiswenger
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Diehl BGT Defence GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Diehl Munitionssysteme GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Diehl Munitionssysteme GmbH and Co KG filed Critical Diehl Munitionssysteme GmbH and Co KG
Priority to DE2001105746 priority Critical patent/DE10105746A1/en
Publication of DE10105746A1 publication Critical patent/DE10105746A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/20Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of high-explosive type
    • F42B12/22Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of high-explosive type with fragmentation-hull construction
    • F42B12/32Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of high-explosive type with fragmentation-hull construction the hull or case comprising a plurality of discrete bodies, e.g. steel balls, embedded therein or disposed around the explosive charge
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H11/00Defence installations; Defence devices
    • F41H11/02Anti-aircraft or anti-guided missile or anti-torpedo defence installations or systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/20Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of high-explosive type
    • F42B12/201Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of high-explosive type characterised by target class
    • F42B12/205Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of high-explosive type characterised by target class for attacking aerial targets
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/20Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of high-explosive type
    • F42B12/208Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of high-explosive type characterised by a plurality of charges within a single high explosive warhead
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42CAMMUNITION FUZES; ARMING OR SAFETY MEANS THEREFOR
    • F42C11/00Electric fuzes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42CAMMUNITION FUZES; ARMING OR SAFETY MEANS THEREFOR
    • F42C19/00Details of fuzes
    • F42C19/08Primers; Detonators
    • F42C19/0838Primers or igniters for the initiation or the explosive charge in a warhead
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42CAMMUNITION FUZES; ARMING OR SAFETY MEANS THEREFOR
    • F42C19/00Details of fuzes
    • F42C19/08Primers; Detonators
    • F42C19/0838Primers or igniters for the initiation or the explosive charge in a warhead
    • F42C19/0842Arrangements of a multiplicity of primers or detonators, dispersed within a warhead, for multiple mode selection

Abstract

A fragmentation warhead comprises a blasting charge (16) and an ignition device (18) for the charge. The ignition device has a number of igniters (201-20n) which can be controlled using a controller (22). Preferred Features: Each igniter has a reinforcing charge and a detonator. A timer (26) is assigned to the controller. The controller is connected to a fire control computer (32).

Description

Die Erfindung betrifft einen Splitter-Gefechtskopf gemäß dem Oberbegriff des Anspruches 1.The invention relates to a splinter warhead according to the preamble of Claim 1.
Bei zu bekämpfenden Flugzielen hoher Geschwindigkeit und einer hohen Geschwindigkeit der das Flugziel bekämpfenden Splitter des Gefechtskopfes, d. h. bei einer großen Relativgeschwindigkeit zwischen dem zu bekämpfenden Flugziel und den Splittern eines Gefechtskopfes ergibt sich ein Shattereffekt, d. h. die Splitter des Gefechtskopfes werden gleichsam zerstäubt und somit nicht optimal wirksam. Die besagte Relativgeschwindigkeit beträgt bei bekannten Splitter-Gefechtsköpfen z. B. mehr als 2400 bis 2600 m/sec, d. h. mindestens ca. 2500 m/sec. Derartig hohe Relativgeschwindigkeiten bewirken den erwähnten Shattereffekt.When the flight targets to be combated are high speed and high Speed of warhead fragments fighting the destination, d. H. at a high relative speed between the target to be fought and the fragments of a warhead result in a shattering effect, i. H. the splinters of the warhead are atomized as it were and therefore not optimally effective. The said relative speed is in known splinter warheads z. B. more than 2400 to 2600 m / sec, d. H. at least approx. 2500 m / sec. Such high Relative speeds cause the shattering effect mentioned.
Der Erfindung liegt die Aufgabe zugrunde, einen Splitter-Gefechtskopf der eingangs genannten Art zu schaffen, bei dem die Splitter in bezug auf das jeweils zu bekämpfende Flugziel eine optimale Relativgeschwindigkeit besitzen, so daß kein Shattereffekt auftritt.The invention has for its object a splinter warhead to create the type mentioned, in which the splinters in relation to each  combat flight destination have an optimal relative speed, so that no Shatter effect occurs.
Diese Aufgabe wird bei einem Splitter-Gefechtskopf der eingangs genannten Art erfindungsgemäß durch die Merkmale des Kennzeichenteiles des Anspruches 1 gelöst. Bevorzugte Aus- bzw. Weiterbildungen des erfindungsgemäßen Splitter- Gefechtskopfes sind in den Unteransprüchen gekennzeichnet.This task is carried out in a splinter warhead of the type mentioned according to the invention by the features of the characterizing part of claim 1 solved. Preferred training and further developments of the splinter according to the invention Warhead are marked in the subclaims.
Mit dem erfindungsgemäßen Splitter-Gefechtskopf, bei dem die Zündmitteleinrichtung für die den Splittern des Gefechtskopfes zugeordnete Sprengladung eine Anzahl Zündmittel aufweist, die mittels einer Zeitsteuereinrichtung gezielt ansteuerbar sind, ergibt sich der Vorteil, daß entsprechend den Geschwindigkeiten der zu bekämpfenden Flugziele die passenden Zündmittel gezielt angesteuert, d. h. gezündet werden, um die Splitter des Gefechtskopfes auf eine solche Geschwindigkeit zu beschleunigen, daß die Relativgeschwindigkeit zwischen dem zu bekämpfenden Flugziel und den Splittern, einen Shattereffekt vermeidend, optimiert ist. Diese optimale Relativgeschwindigkeit beträgt ca. 2000 m/sec. Bei dieser optimierten Relativgeschwindigkeit zwischen einem zu bekämpfenden Flugziel und den Splittern des erfindungsgemäßen Gefechtskopfes wird ein dynamischer Splitterkegel gebildet, dessen Öffnungswinkel in vorteilhafter Weise kleiner ist als ein statischer Splitterkegel.With the splinter warhead according to the invention, in which the Ignition device for the associated with the fragments of the warhead Explosive charge has a number of ignition means, which by means of a The timing control device can be specifically controlled, there is the advantage that the appropriate ones according to the speeds of the flight targets to be fought Controlled ignition means, d. H. be ignited to the splinters of the To accelerate warhead to such a speed that the Relative speed between the target to be fought and the splinters, avoiding a shattering effect is optimized. This optimal Relative speed is approx. 2000 m / sec. With this optimized Relative speed between a target to be fought and the Splitting the warhead according to the invention becomes a dynamic splinter cone formed, the opening angle is advantageously smaller than a static Fragment cone.
Weitere Einzelheiten, Merkmale und Vorteile ergeben sich aus der nachfolgenden Beschreibung eines in der Zeichnung schematisch und abstrahiert dargestellten Ausführungsbeispieles des erfindungsgemäßen Splitter-Gefechtskopfes in Kombination mit einem Feuerleitrechner, der mit einer Meßstation verbunden ist. Further details, features and advantages result from the following Description of a schematically and abstracted in the drawing Embodiment of the splinter warhead according to the invention in Combination with a fire control computer that is connected to a measuring station.  
Die Figur zeigt schematisch ein zu bekämpfendes Flugziel 10, das die Geschwindigkeit v besitzt. Zur optimalen Bekämpfung des Flugzieles 10 dient der nur schematisch verdeutlichte Splitter-Gefechtskopf 12, der für ein Geschoß, d. h. für eine Rohrwaffe oder für eine Rakete, zur Bekämpfung des Flugzieles 10 vorgesehen ist. Der Splittergefechtskopf 12 weist Splitter 14 auf, die zum Bekämpfen des Flugzieles 10 vorgesehen sind. Der Splitter-Gefechtskopf 12 weist außerdem eine Sprengladung 16 und eine Zündmitteleinrichtung 18 für die Sprengladung 16 auf. Die Zündmitteleinrichtung 18 weist eine Anzahl Zündmittel 20 1, 20 2, 20 3 bis 20 n auf, die eine Zündmittelkette bilden. Die einzelnen Zündmittel 20 1 bis 20 n sind mittels einer Zeitsteuereinrichtung 22 gezielt ansteuerbar. Diese Ansteuerbarkeit ist durch den kammartigen Pfeil 24 angedeutet. Der Zeitsteuereinrichtung 22 ist ein Timer 26 (-Zeitglied) zugeordnet.The figure schematically shows a target 10 to be combated, which has the speed v. The only schematically clarified splinter warhead 12 serves for the optimal control of the flying target 10, which is for a projectile, that is provided for a tube weapon or for a missile, to combat flight objective 10th The fragmentation warhead 12 has fragments 14 which are provided for combating the flight target 10 . The fragmentation warhead 12 also has an explosive charge 16 and an ignition device 18 for the explosive charge 16 . The ignition device 18 has a number of ignition devices 20 1 , 20 2 , 20 3 to 20 n , which form an ignition device chain. The individual ignition devices 20 1 to 20 n can be controlled in a targeted manner by means of a time control device 22. This controllability is indicated by the comb-like arrow 24 . A timer 26 (timer) is assigned to the time control device 22.
Mit der Bezugsziffer 28 ist eine Treibladung für das den Splitter-Gefechtskopf 12 aufweisende Geschoß bzw. die Rakete 30 bezeichnet.The reference numeral 28 designates a propellant charge for the projectile or missile 30 having the splinter warhead 12 .
Jedes Zündmittel 20 1 bis 20 n weist eine Verstärkungsladung und einen Detonator auf.Each ignition means 20 1 to 20 n has a boost charge and a detonator.
Mit der Bezugsziffer 32 ist in der Figur ein Feuerleitrechner bezeichnet, der ebenfalls nur schematisch durch einen Block verdeutlicht ist. Der Feuerleitrechner 32 weist einen Eingang 34 und Ausgänge 36 und 38 auf. Der Eingang 34 ist mit einer Meßstation 40 zusammengeschaltet, mit der die Koordinaten des zu bekämpfenden Flugzieles 10 und seine Geschwindigkeit v gemessen werden. Die diesen Meßwerten entsprechenden Signale werden im Feuerleitrechner 32 verarbeitet. Der Ausgang 36 des Feuerleitrechners 32 ist mit der Zeitsteuereinrichtung 22 und dem dieser zugeordneten Timer 26 verbunden. Der Ausgang 38 ist mit der Treibladung 28 verbunden. Mit Hilfe des Feuerleitrechners 32 werden über die Zeitsteuereinrichtung 22 und den Timer 26 genau die passenden Zündmittel 20 i gezündet, um eine optimale Relativgeschwindigkeit zwischen den Splittern 14 des Splitter-Gefechtskopfes 12 und dem zu bekämpfenden Flugziel 10 zu erzielen. Diese optimale Relativgeschwindigkeit beträgt größenordnungsmäßig ca. 2000 m/sec, wie bereits erwähnt worden ist. Ist die Geschwindigkeit v des zu bekämpfenden Flugzieles 10 klein, so wird beispielsweise das Zündmittel 20 1 gezündet. Ist die Geschwindigkeit v des Flugzieles 10 groß, so wird beispielsweise das Zündmittel 20 4, 20 5 oder 20 6 bzw. 20 i gezündet, um einen entsprechend vergrößerten Anteil der Sprengladung 16 zu zünden und somit die Splitter 14 entsprechend stärker zu beschleunigen, um wieder eine optimale Relativgeschwindigkeit zwischen den Splittern 14 und dem Flugziel 10 zu bewirken. The reference numeral 32 denotes a fire control computer in the figure, which is also only schematically illustrated by a block. The fire control computer 32 has an input 34 and outputs 36 and 38 . The input 34 is connected to a measuring station 40 with which the coordinates of the target 10 to be combated and its speed v are measured. The signals corresponding to these measured values are processed in the fire control computer 32 . The output 36 of the fire control computer 32 is connected to the time control device 22 and the timer 26 assigned to it. The output 38 is connected to the propellant charge 28 . With the help of the fire control computer 32 , the appropriate ignition means 20 i are ignited via the time control device 22 and the timer 26 in order to achieve an optimal relative speed between the splinters 14 of the splinter warhead 12 and the flight target 10 to be combated. This optimal relative speed is of the order of magnitude approx. 2000 m / sec, as has already been mentioned. If the speed v of the flight target 10 to be combated is low, the ignition means 20 1 is ignited, for example. If the speed v of the flight target 10 is high, the ignition means 20 4 , 20 5 or 20 6 or 20 i is ignited, for example, in order to ignite a correspondingly enlarged proportion of the explosive charge 16 and thus accelerate the splinters 14 correspondingly more strongly, in order to again to achieve an optimal relative speed between the splitters 14 and the flight target 10 .
BezugsziffernlisteReferences list
1010
Flugziel
destination
1212
Splitter-Gefechtskopf (von Splinter warhead (from
3030
)
)
1414
Splitter (von Splinter (from
1212
)
)
1616
Sprengladung (in Explosive charge (in
1212
)
)
1818
Zündmitteleinrichtung (in Ignition device (in
1212
)
)
2020 nn
Zündmittel (von Igniter (from
1818
)
)
2222
Zeitsteuereinrichtung (für Time control device (for
1818
)
)
2424
kammartiger Pfeil
comb-like arrow
2626
Timer (von Timer (from
2222
)
)
2828
Treibladung (für Propellant charge (for
3030
)
)
3030
Geschoß
Bullet
3232
Feuerleitrechner (für Fire control computer (for
3030
)
)
3434
Eingang (von Entrance (from
3232
)
)
3636
Ausgang (von Output (from
3232
)
)
3838
Ausgang (von Output (from
3232
)
)
4040
Meßstation (für Measuring station (for
3232
)
)

Claims (4)

1. Splitter-Gefechtskopf für ein Geschoß oder für eine Rakete zum Bekämpfen eines Flugzieles (10), mit einer Sprengladung (16) und mit einer Zündmitteleinrichtung (18) für die Sprengladung (16), dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Zündmitteleinrichtung (18) eine Anzahl Zündmittel (201 202,. . .20n) aufweist, die mittels einer Zeitsteuereinrichtung (22) gezielt ansteuerbar sind.1. splinter warhead for a projectile or for a missile to combat a flight target ( 10 ), with an explosive charge ( 16 ) and with an ignition device ( 18 ) for the explosive charge ( 16 ), characterized in that the ignition device ( 18 ) one Has a number of ignition means (20 1 20 2 ,... 20 n ) which can be controlled in a targeted manner by means of a time control device (22).
2. Splitter-Gefechtskopf nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jedes Zündmittel (20 1, 20 2. . .20 n) eine Verstärkungsladung und einen Detonator aufweist. 2. Splinter warhead according to claim 1, characterized in that each ignition means ( 20 1 , 20 2 ... 20 n ) has an intensifying charge and a detonator.
3. Splitter-Gefechtskopf nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Zeitsteuereinrichtung (22) ein Timer (26) zugeordnet ist.3. splinter warhead according to claim 1, characterized in that the timer (22) is assigned a timer ( 26 ).
4. Splitter-Gefechtskopf nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Zeitsteuereinrichtung (22) mit einem Feuerleitrechner (32) verbindbar ist.4. splinter warhead according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the time control device (22) with a fire control computer ( 32 ) can be connected.
DE2001105746 2001-02-08 2001-02-08 Fragmentation warhead used for bullet or for rocket comprises blasting charge and ignition device having number of igniters which can be controlled using controller Withdrawn DE10105746A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2001105746 DE10105746A1 (en) 2001-02-08 2001-02-08 Fragmentation warhead used for bullet or for rocket comprises blasting charge and ignition device having number of igniters which can be controlled using controller

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2001105746 DE10105746A1 (en) 2001-02-08 2001-02-08 Fragmentation warhead used for bullet or for rocket comprises blasting charge and ignition device having number of igniters which can be controlled using controller

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE10105746A1 true DE10105746A1 (en) 2002-08-14

Family

ID=7673296

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE2001105746 Withdrawn DE10105746A1 (en) 2001-02-08 2001-02-08 Fragmentation warhead used for bullet or for rocket comprises blasting charge and ignition device having number of igniters which can be controlled using controller

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE10105746A1 (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3918513C1 (en) * 1989-06-07 1990-04-19 Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Gmbh, 8012 Ottobrunn, De Safety unit for warhead - primes detonation chain including auxiliary charge on basis of independent physical criteria
DE4139372C1 (en) * 1991-11-29 1995-03-02 Deutsche Aerospace Fragmentation warhead
DE19961204A1 (en) * 1999-12-18 2001-07-12 Daimler Chrysler Ag Ignition device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3918513C1 (en) * 1989-06-07 1990-04-19 Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Gmbh, 8012 Ottobrunn, De Safety unit for warhead - primes detonation chain including auxiliary charge on basis of independent physical criteria
DE4139372C1 (en) * 1991-11-29 1995-03-02 Deutsche Aerospace Fragmentation warhead
DE19961204A1 (en) * 1999-12-18 2001-07-12 Daimler Chrysler Ag Ignition device

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Owner name: DIEHL BGT DEFENCE GMBH & CO. KG, 88662 UBERLINGEN,

8139 Disposal/non-payment of the annual fee