CS258042B1 - Thermoelectric device for temperature regulation in furnace - Google Patents

Thermoelectric device for temperature regulation in furnace Download PDF

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CS258042B1
CS258042B1 CS374984A CS374984A CS258042B1 CS 258042 B1 CS258042 B1 CS 258042B1 CS 374984 A CS374984 A CS 374984A CS 374984 A CS374984 A CS 374984A CS 258042 B1 CS258042 B1 CS 258042B1
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Czechoslovakia
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οβρββοτκη
temnepatypu
heating
zones
zone
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CS374984A
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Czech (cs)
Inventor
Roland Scholl
Herbert Poeschl
Dieter Fischer
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Roland Scholl
Herbert Poeschl
Dieter Fischer
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Publication of CS258042B1 publication Critical patent/CS258042B1/en

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IAND

HA3BAHHE H30EPETEHHHHA3BAHHE H30EPETEHHH

TepMoaJieKTpHHecKoe ycTpoňcTBo peryjiHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu jana neneň ποαTepMoaJieKTpHHecKoe ycT leastcTBo peryjiHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTyp jana neneň ποα

TepMiwecKy» oCpafioTKy OBJÍACTb ΠΡΗΜΕΗΕΗΗΗ Η3ΟΒΡΕΤΕΗΗΛ Μ3ο6ρβτβΗΗβ xacaeTca TepMoaneKTpHHecKoro ycrpoftcTea peryjmpoBaHna TeMne-paTypu fljia HarpeBa neueň nofl TepMHqecKyw o6pa6oTKy, b nacTHocTH, gna UsoTep-MOMarHHTHOň ΌβρββΟΤΚΗ βΗΗ3ΟΤρθΠΗΜΧ nOCTOHHHUX ΜβΓΗΗΤΟΒ, npH KOTOpOft Η30Τβρ-MHuecKoe cocTOHHHe bo eceň soHe οβρββοτκΗ ycTaHaBJíHBaeTCH nofl aeftcTBiteM sohnoflorpesa, pacnonoxeHHbix no βοκβΜ 3ohu οβρββοτκΗ, nyTeM τβρΜοβηβκτρΗΜβοκοΓΟHSMepeHHa TeMnepaTypu B npenenax soh HarpeBa h cooTBeTCTBywmero peryraiposa- ’HHH MOmHOCTH, Hflymeft Ηβ ΗβΓρβΒ SOH ΠΟΑΟΓρβΒβ Η ΟβρββΟΤΚΗ. XAPAKTEPHCTHKA H3BECTHMX TEXHHHECKHX PEDIEHHflTepMiwecKy »oCpafioTKy OBJÍACTb ΠΡΗΜΕΗΕΗΗΗ Η3ΟΒΡΕΤΕΗΗΛ Μ3ο6ρβτβΗΗβ xacaeTca TepMoaneKTpHHecKoro ycrpoftcTea peryjmpoBaHna dark-paTypu fljia HarpeBa neuen nOFL TepMHqecKyw o6pa6oTKy b nacTHocTH GNA UsoTep-MOMarHHTHOň ΌβρββΟΤΚΗ βΗΗ3ΟΤρθΠΗΜΧ nOCTOHHHUX ΜβΓΗΗΤΟΒ, NPH KOTOpOft Η30Τβρ-MHuecKoe cocTOHHHe bo Ecena sohei οβρββοτκΗ ycTaHaBJíHBaeTCH nOFL aeftcTBiteM sohnoflorpesa, pacnonoxeHHbix no βοκβΜ 3ohu οβρββοτκΗ, nyTeM τβρΜοβηβκτρΗΜβοκοΓΟHSMepeHHa TeMnepaTypu B npenenax soh HarpeBa h cooTBeTCTBywmero peryraiposa- 'HHH MOmHOCTH, Hflymeft ΗβΗρβΒ SOH ΠΟΑΟΓρβΒβ ΗβρββΟΤΚΗ. XAPAKTEPHCTHKA H3BECTHMX TEXHHHECKHX PEDIEHHFL

TepMHnecxaH οβρββοτκβ HseecTHbix φβρροΜβΓΗΗΤΗΜΧ cnnaeoB, HanpHMep, nocTO-HHHbix MarHHTOB Ha cnnaBOB τηποβ AlNíCo ηπη FeCrCo, no« neňcTBHeM MomnoroΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟΓΟ nOJlfl npHBOffHT K BO SHHKHOBeHHK) βΗΗΒΟΤρΟΠΗΗ MarHHTHbIX CBOftCTB CBbicoxHMH μηγηητημμη ποκβ3βτβηΗΜΗ b npeflnoMTHTejibHOM HanpaBneHHH, onpenenne-MOM ΠρΗΠΟΧβΗΗΜΜ ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΜΜ ΠΟΠβΜ. 06HapyXHJlOCb, H TO npH BO3fleftCTBHH ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟ-ΓΟ nOJIH ΠΟΛ ΠΟΟ TOHHHOft TeMnepSTypOft, T.e. ΠρΗ Η9ΟΤβρΜΟΜβΓΗΗΤΗθΑ ΟβρββΟΤΚβ,"HexoTopbie Η3 sthx ΜβτβρπβηοΒ πρκοβρβτβιοτ ocoCeHHO sucoKHe MarHHTHwe noxaaa-TejIH. ΠρΗ 3T0M ΒΗ3ΚΗΟ COBflaTb H30TepMHMeCKHe yenOBHH BO BCeft 30Ηβ οβρββοτκΗbo BpeMH HarpeBa η bo βρθμη BUflepstKH TeMnepaTypu οβρββοτκΗ. 3το ceasaHO cTpyflHOCTHMH B ΠΘΗβΧ flJlH TepMHHeCKOň ΟβρββΟΤΚΗ, ρββΟΤβΙΟΙΚΗΧ B ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟΜ ΠΟΠβ,τ.κ. nonesHoe nonepennoe ceneHHe nenn onpefleroieTCH BoagyniHUM saaopoM 3ηβκτ-ροΜβΓΗΗτβ h noTOMy othocHTejiBHO Mano. flna nonyneHHH HeoCxoAHMoň ηππ οβρββοτ-κΗ HanpnxeHHocTH nons, cocTaBnmomeň 80-240 KA/m, Tpe6y»Tca 6ora>mHe 3βτρβΤΜ,CBHaaHHUe C MOUHblM ΘΠβΚΤρΟΜβΓΗΗΤΟΜ HHH C COOTBeT'CTBy»meft KaryHIKOft C B03flym-HblM CepfleHHHKOM. BBHfly 3Κ0Η0ΜΗ0Γ0 Ηβ3Η8ΗβΗΗΗ ρβ3Μβρ0Β COO TBeTCTByiOIUHX ΜβΓ—HHTHbix chctgm nofl o6opyflobaHHe nenn flnn TepMHMecKOň οβρββοτκΗ b ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟΜnone BbwenaioTcH ramib HeaHanHTenbHbie oSteMbi. 258042 , Πο3τομυ Ha npaKTHxe paaMemeHHe soku οβρββοτκΗ neun nan TepMHuecKOft οβρβ-βοτκΗ b oweHb ManeHbKOM, ocoCeHHO no naHHe, BoSnymKOM aaaope (ok. 100-150 mm) 3ΗβΚΤρ0ΜβΓΗΗΤβ CBH38H0 CO 9HaUHTeabHb1MH ΠρρβπβΜβΜΗ, T.K. Hapflfly CnpocTpaHCTBOM coCcTeeHHo non paaMemeHHe o6pa6aTUBaeMoro Μβτβρκβπβ TpeĎyeTCHΜβοτο no« Kopnyc neun, HarpeBaTeabHMe βπβΜβκτώ h TennOHaonHtiHW, npnueM TeM-nepaTypa οβρββοτκκ, cocTaBaHwmaH οτ 600 no 850eC, κβκ H3OTepMHuecKoe coctoh-Hne flonJKHa BMaepírHBaTbcH bo Bceň 30He οβρββοτκΗ c bucokoA touho ct bio (nonycxi5eC). nonnepxaHHe τβκοτο HSOTepMHuecxoro cocťohhhh secbMa aaTpyxtHHeTCH H3-aa orpaHHUeHHUX BOSMOXHOCTeft τεπηοΗ3οηημΗΗ h b 3HauHTenbHoň Mepe HapymaeTcnBcnegcTBHe bucoko# CTeneHH sanoaHeHHH πρκ aappysKe oOpaCaraBaeMoro Μβτβρκβ-aa. Taxne HapyraeHHH TepMHuecKoň neuHOň cHCTeMM otubcth ycTpaHHioTCH Ha H3Be-cthmx neuax pjin TepMHuecKott ofipafioTKH nyreM pasMeqeHHH soh nonorpesa pwomc sohoIí οβρββοτκκ. 0£Haxo, κβκ noxasbiBaioT cnepynahe HSBecTHUe neun flaa τ§ρ-MHuecxoft οβρββοτκΗ h cnoco6w peryaHposaHHH TeMnepaTypu, no chx nop ne yna-aocb noaHOCTbio ycTpaHHTb 3τκ TepMHuecxue HapymeHHH b ycaoBHHx pasMenieHHH bBO3flymHOM aasope saexTpoMarHHTa. • B DE-OS 26 30 676 onncaHU cnocoQ h npHcnocoOaeHHe naa peryaHpoBaHHH TeM-nepaTypu neuH ρ,αα TepMHuecKoň οβρββοτκΗ. Cnoco6 BxawuaeT peryaHpoBaHHe TeM-nepaTypu neuH bo BpeMH 4>asu Harpeea h npenycMaTpHBaeT paaneabHoe peryanpoBa-Hne HMeroqHXCH b neuH 3oh no TeMnepaType η ΒρβΜβΗΗ, npnueM nepBan soHa neunHarpeBaeTCH B COOTBeTCTBHH C 9βηβΗΗΜΜ H3BH6 3ΗβΗβΗΗβΜ, Β φβΚΤΗΗβΟΚΟβ 3Haue~Hne nepBoň bohu neuH o6pasyeT 3HaueHHe, sanaHHoe nnn Harpeea očTaabHux sohneun. 3anaHHUM aHauenneM nepBoň 3ohm neun μοχθτ 6utb h nepeMennaa nporpaMMa"TeMnepaTypa-speMa". B xauecTBe HarpeBaTeabHoro ycTpottCTBa πρκ HcnoabsoBaHHH stopo cnoco6a Ha-;rpeea npenaaraeTca neub.naa TepMHuecKoň οβρββοτκΗ, β κοτοροή xaxnaa sohb ne-uh ΗΜββτ pasneabHO peryaHpyeMue HarpeBaTeabHue aaeMeHTU h coecTBeHHueycTpoňcTBa aaa HSMepeHHH TeMnepaTypu b Bune τβρΜΟΒΠβΜβπτοΒ, a ycTpoftcTBO pe-ryaHpoBaHHH nna xaxnoft bohu neun coctoht hs coČCTBeHHOro npeo6pa9OBBTeaa h3-MepaeMoft BeaHUHHU TeMnepaTypu, coficTBeHHoro peryaaTopa h coCcTBeHHoro ycn-aHTeaa.TepMHnecxaH οβρββοτκβ HseecTHbix φβρροΜβΓΗΗΤΗΜΧ cnnaeoB, HanpHMep, Nocti-HHHbix MarHHTOB Ha cnnaBOB τηποβ alnico ηπη FeCrCo, but «neňcTBHeM MomnoroΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟΓΟ nOJlfl npHBOffHT BO SHHKHOBeHHK) βΗΗΒΟΤρΟΠΗΗ MarHHTHbIX CBOftCTB CBbicoxHMH μηγηητημμη ποκβ3βτβηΗΜΗ b npeflnoMTHTejibHOM HanpaBneHHH, onpenenne-MOM ΠρΗΠΟΧβΗΗΜΜ ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΜΜ ΠΟΠβΜ. 06HapyXHJlOCb, H TO npH BO3fleftCTBHH ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟ-ΓΟ nOJIH ΠΟΛ ΠΟΟ TOHHHOft TeMnepSTypOft, T.e. ΠρΗ Η9ΟΤβρΜΟΜβΓΗΗΤΗθΑ ΟβρββΟΤΚβ "HexoTopbie Η3 sthx ΜβτβρπβηοΒ πρκοβρβτβιοτ ocoCeHHO sucoKHe MarHHTHwe noxaaa-TejIH. ΠρΗ 3T0M ΒΗ3ΚΗΟ COBflaTb H30TepMHMeCKHe yenOBHH BO BCeft 30Ηβ οβρββοτκΗbo BpeMH HarpeBa η bo βρθμη BUflepstKH TeMnepaTypu οβρββοτκΗ. 3το ceasaHO cTpyflHOCTHMH B ΠΘΗβΧ flJlH TepMHHeCKOň ΟβρββΟΤΚΗ, ρββΟΤβΙΟΙΚΗΧ B ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟΜ ΠΟΠβ, τ.κ. nonesHoe nonepennoe ceneHHe Nenni onpefleroieTCH BoagyniHUM saaopoM 3ηβκτ-ροΜβΓΗΗτβ h noTOMy othocHTejiBHO Mano. flna nonyneHHH HeoCxoAHMoň ηππ οβρββοτ-κΗ HanpnxeHHocTH NONS, cocTaBnmomeň 80 to 240 kA / m Tpe6y »Tca 6ora> MHE 3βτρβΤΜ, CBHaaHHUe C MOUHblM ΘΠβΚΤρΟΜβΓΗΗΤΟΜ HHH C COOTBeT'CTBy »KatyHIKOft C B03flym-HblM CepfleHHHKOM. 258042, Πο3τομυ Ha npaKTHxe paaMemeHHe soku οβρββοτκΗ neun nan TepMHuecKOft οβρβ-βοτκΗ b oweHb ManeHbKOM, ocoCeHHO no naHHe, BoSnymKOM aaaope (ok. 100-150 mm) 3ΗβΚΤρ0ΜβΓΗΗΤβ CBH38H0 CO 9HaUHTeabHb1MH ΠρρβπβΜβΜΗ, T.K. Hapflfly CnpocTpaHCTBOM coCcTeeHHo non paaMemeHHe o6pa6aTUBaeMoro Μβτβρκβπβ TpeĎyeTCHΜβοτο no «Kopnyc sechs, HarpeBaTeabHMe βπβΜβκτώ h TennOHaonHtiHW, npnueM TEM-nepaTypa οβρββοτκκ, cocTaBaHwmaH οτ 600 well 850eC, κβκ H3OTepMHuecKoe coctoh-Hae flonJKHa BMaepírHBaTbcH bo Bceň 30He οβρββοτκΗ c bucokoA longing ct bio (nonycxi5eC). nonnepxaHHe τβκοτο HSOTepMHuecxoro cocťohhhh secbMa aaTpyxtHHeTCH H3 aa orpaHHUeHHUX BOSMOXHOCTeft τεπηοΗ3οηημΗΗ h b 3HauHTenbHoň Mepe HapymaeTcnBcnegcTBHe Bučok # CTeneHH sanoaHeHHH πρκ aappysKe oOpaCaraBaeMoro Μβτβρκβ-aa. HHH TepMHuecKoň nehoň cHCTeMM otubcth ycTpaHHioTCH Ha H3Be-cthmx neuax pjin TepMHuecKott ofipafioTKH nyreM pasMeqeHHH soh nonorpesa pwomc sohoIí οβρββοτκκ. 0 £ Haxo, κβκ noxasbiBaioT cnepynahe HSBecTHUe sechs FlaA τ§ρ-MHuecxoft οβρββοτκΗ h cnoco6w peryaHposaHHH TeMnepaTypu, but not CHX NOP-yna aocb noaHOCTbio ycTpaHHTb 3τκ TepMHuecxue HapymeHHH b ycaoBHHx pasMenieHHH bBO3flymHOM aasope saexTpoMarHHTa. • B DE-OS 26 30 676 onncaHU cnocoQ h npHcnocoOaeHHe naa peryaHpoBaHHH TeM-nepaTyp neuH ρ, αα TepMHuecKo οβρββοτκΗ. Cnoco6 BxawuaeT peryaHpoBaHHe TEM nepaTypu NEUH bo BpeMH 4> asu Harpeea h npenycMaTpHBaeT paaneabHoe peryanpoBa-Hae HMeroqHXCH b NEUH 3OH well TeMnepaType η ΒρβΜβΗΗ, npnueM nepBan Shoham neunHarpeBaeTCH B COOTBeTCTBHH C 9βηβΗΗΜΜ H3BH6 3ΗβΗβΗΗβΜ, Β φβΚΤΗΗβΟΚΟβ 3Haue ~ Hae nepBoň god NEUH o6pasyeT 3HaueHHe, sanaHHoe nnn harpeea ocTaabHux sohneun. 3anaHHUM aHauenneM not 3ohm neun μοχθτ 6utb h nepeMennaa nporpaMMa "TeMnepaTypa-speMa". B xauecTBe HarpeBaTeabHoro ycTpottCTBa πρκ HcnoabsoBaHHH STOPO cnoco6a Ha-; rpeea npenaaraeTca neub.naa TepMHuecKoň οβρββοτκΗ, β κοτοροή xaxnaa sohbete non-uh ΗΜββτ pasneabHO peryaHpyeMue HarpeBaTeabHue aaeMeHTU h coecTBeHHueycTpoňcTBa aaa HSMepeHHH TeMnepaTypu b Bune τβρΜΟΒΠβΜβπτοΒ and ycTpoftcTBO PE-NNA ryaHpoBaHHH xaxnoft god sechs coctoht hs coCCTBeHHOro npeo6pa9OBBTeaa h3-MepaeMoft BeaHUHHU TeMnepaTypu, coficTBeHHoro peryaaTopa h coCcTBeHHoro ycn-aHTeaa.

HeflocTaTxoM τβκογο peryaMpoBanae Harpeea neuH ηβηηθτοη npennHcaHnan b bh-ne qenHOň nocaenoeaTeabHOCTH saBHCHMOCTb peryaHpyeMoft BeaHUHHU κβχηρΑ 3ohmHarpeBa Toabxo οτ φβκτκΗβοκοΛ BeaHUHHU TeMnepaTypu npenunymeft sohu nonorpe-bb, rne TeMnepaTypa na op,«y cTynenb moce, τ.κ. b peryaHpyeMue BeanuiÍHu τβΜ—nepaTypa o6pa6aTMBaeMoro MaTepuaaa bxchht annu» KocéeHHo β BHne oTHocHTeab-ηογο naaeHHH TeMnepaTypu. Echh ΗβΜβΗβΗΗβ TeMnepaTypu. oCpaOaTUBaeMoro Μβτβ**;:pnana caenyeT 3á HMewmeňca b 3OHe neuH TéMnepaTypoft MenaéHHO, to flaa 3OHnonorpeBa η ρμια sohm οβρββοτκΗ, β 38βηοημοοτη ot CTeneHH sanoaHeHHa neuH,sanaeTca catanxOM eucoxaa TeMnepaTypa, uto πρη HenpepuBHoft η πρκ npepuBMc-Toň paCoTé nean πρηβοαητ k nepenanaM TeMnepaTypu Ha nepexoflHux yuacTxax, .npenaTCTBya ycTaHOBaeHHio xeaaeMoro HsoTepMHuecxoro cocťohhhh b 3OHe oCpa·1*6otkh.HeflocTaTxoM τβκογο peryaMpoBanae Harpeea NEUH ηβηηθτοη npennHcaHnan b BH-qenHOň not nocaenoeaTeabHOCTH saBHCHMOCTb peryaHpyeMoft BeaHUHHU κβχηρΑ 3ohmHarpeBa Toabxo οτ φβκτκΗβοκοΛ BeaHUHHU TeMnepaTypu npenunymeft Sohu nonorpe-bb, RNE TeMnepaTypa OP, "y cTynenb urine τ.κ. b peryaHpyeMue BeanuiÍH τβΜ — nepaTypa o6pa6aTMBaeMoro MaTepuaaa bxchht annu »KocéeHHo β BHne oTHocHTeab-ηογο naaeHHH TeMnepaTypu. Echh ΗβΜβΗβΗΗβ TeMnepaTypu. oCpaOaTUBaeMoro Μβτβ ;: ** pnana caenyeT 3Å HMewmeňca b 3OHe NEUH TéMnepaTypoft MenaéHHO, that FlaA 3OHnonorpeBa η ρμια Sohm οβρββοτκΗ, β 38βηοημοοτη ot CTeneHH sanoaHeHHa NEUH, sanaeTca catanxOM eucoxaa TeMnepaTypa, Uto πρη HenpepuBHoft η πρκ npepuBMc-tone Paco Nean πρηβοαητ to nepenanaM TeMnepaTypu Ha nepexoflHux yuacTxax, .npenaTCTBya ycTaHOBaeHHio xeaaeMoro HsoTepMHuecxoro cocohohhh b 3OHe oCpa · 1 * 6otkh.

UEJB H30BPETEHHH Úeabio Η3ρβρβτβΗΗΗ HBafleTCH paspaeoTxa TepMOsnexTpHuecKoro ycTpoitcTBa pe-ryaHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu hhh neueA non TepMHuecxyto o6pa6oTxy, κοτοροβ nosBo-auno 6u 3OHy οβρββοτκΗ oflHOBpeMeHHo c o6pa6aTUBaeMUM MaTepHaaoM npHBOAHTbb H3OTepMHuecKoe cocTOHHHe, o6ecneuHBajomee TepMHuecKyio o6pa6oTxy MaTepnaaa, B UaCTHOCTH, nOCTOHHHblX ΜβΓΗΗΤΟΒ, nOfl nOCTOHHHOň TeMnepaTypOÍt Β ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟΜ ňoae npH skohomhuhom SHepreTHuecKOM pexHMe neun, a τβκχβ πρκηβΗΗβ MaTepHaay 258042 - 3 - ocoCux CBoftcTB, HanpHMep, bucoxhx MaruHTHbix noxasaTejteň b npeflnoMTHTenbHOMΗΒΠρβΒΠβΗΗΚ ΜΒΓΗΗΤΗ.UEJB H30BPETEHHH Úeabio Η3ρβρβτβΗΗΗ HBafleTCH paspaeoTxa TepMOsnexTpHuecKoro ycTpoitcTBa PE ryaHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu hhh Neue non TepMHuecxyto o6pa6oTxy, κοτοροβ nosBo-Auno 6U 3OHy οβρββοτκΗ oflHOBpeMeHHo c o6pa6aTUBaeMUM MaTepHaaoM npHBOAHTbb H3OTepMHuecKoe cocTOHHHe, o6ecneuHBajomee TepMHuecKyio o6pa6oTxy MaTepnaaa B UaCTHOCTH, nOCTOHHHblX ΜβΓΗΗΤΟΒ, nOFL nOCTOHHHOň TeMnepaTypOÍt Β ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟΜ ňoae npH skhomhuhom SHepreTHuecKOM pexHMe neun, and τβκχβ πρκηβΗΗβ MaTepHaay 258042 - 3 - ocoCux CBoftcTB, HanpHMep, bucoxhx MaruHTHbix noxasaTayn b npeflnoMTHTenbHOMΗΒΠρβΒΠβΗΗΚ ΜΒΓΗΗΤΗ.

CymHOCTb H3OBPETEHHH B ocHOBy n9o6peTeHna nonoxeHa sanana ycoBeptneHcTBOBaHHa npHHunna onpene-jieHHB h peajwoauHH perynwpyeMux BejiHMHH Ha Caae HarpeBa neMH pjiti TepMHMec-xoft οβρββοτκΗ, peryííHpyeMOro nyTeM TepMoanexTpHMecxoro HSMepeHna TeMnepaTy-pu b soHax noflorpeBa h TepMHMecxott οβρββοτκη.CymHOCTb H3OBPETEHHH B ocHOBy n9o6peTeHna nonoxeHa Sanana ycoBeptneHcTBOBaHHa npHHunna onpene-jieHHB h peajwoauHH perynwpyeMux BejiHMHH Ha CAAE HarpeBa neMH pjiti TepMHMec-xoft οβρββοτκΗ, peryííHpyeMOro rivet TepMoanexTpHMecxoro HSMepeHna TeMnepaTy-pu b soHax noflorpeBa TepMHMecxott οβρββοτκη h.

CorjiacHo Η3ο6ρβτβΗΗΐο 3τβ sahana pemaeTca tbkhm ofipasoM, mto b cepeflHHeaoHbí όβρβΟοτκΗ, Ha axTHBHoft TpyCe pacnonaraeTca repMonapa pjin nepeoro pery-jÍHpynniero Cnoxa c sanaTMHKOM η čwiobum Gjwkom, a no βοκβΜ; KOHTaxTupya c o6-paOaTbiBaeMbiM MaTepnanoM, - onopHue aneMeHTbi TepMónapu, npHMeM oahh onopHuft sneMeHT ΒΜβετβ c TepMonapott na nepBoň soHe noflorpeBa, a Apyroň onopHbiň ane-ΜβΗΤ BM6CT6 C ΤβρΜΟΠβρΟ# Ha flpyroft 3ΟΗΘ nOflOrpéBa ΟΟΟΤΒβΤΟΤΒβΗΗΟ no BTopoMyh TpeTteMy perynHpynmHM CnoxaM o6pa3y»T saBHCHMue ot pasHOCTH TeMnepaTyp ue-πκ τβρΜθ3πβκτρΗΗβοκοΓθ τοχβ, nogxníoHeHHue x chjiobum CjioxaM ρ,ηα peryjmpoBa-ηηη TeMnepaTypu b soHax nonorpeBa.CorjiacHo τ3ο6ρβτβΗΗΐο 3τβ sahana pemaeTca tbkhm ofipasoM, mto b cepeflHHeaoHb όβρβΟοτκΗ, Ha axTHBHoft TpyCe pacnonaraeTca KOHTaxTupya c O6-paOaTbiBaeMbiM MaTepnanoM - onopHue aneMeHTbi TepMónapu, npHMeM oahh onopHuft sneMeHT ΒΜβετβ c TepMonapott to nepBoň sohei noflorpeBa and Apyroň onopHbiň ane-ΜβΗΤ BM6CT6 C ΤβρΜΟΠβρΟ # Ha flpyroft 3ΟΗΘ nOflOrpéBa ΟΟΟΤΒβΤΟΤΒβΗΗΟ well BTopoMyh TpeTteMy perynHpynmHM CnoxaM o6pa3y »T saBHCHMue rpm pasHOCTH TeMnepaTyp ue-πκ τβρΜθ3πβκτρΗΗβοκοΓθ τοχβ, nogxnioHeHHue x chjiobum CjioxaM ρ, ηα peryjmpoBa-ηηη TeMnepaTypu b soHax nonorpeBa.

CornacHo Η3οβρετβΗΗΐο ycTpoňcTBo peryjiHpoBaHHfl TeMnepaTypu peryjmpyeT neMbpjin TepMHuecKoft οβρββοτκΗ č Bucoxoň cxopocTbio pasorpeea, mto oOecneMHBaeTοοοτΒβτοτΒβΗΗο BbicoKy» nponycKHyto cnocoCHocTb npH oCpaCoTxe MaTepnana. Ha**pany c T8KHM noBumeHHeM npon3BonnTenbHocTn, b nepsyw oqepeflb nocTHraeTca no-BumeHHe ποοτοηηοτβ8 TeMnepaTypu b soHe o6pa(6oTKH, mto nosBonaeT πρκ Η3οτβρ-MHáecxHx ycnoBHax paBHOMepHo noflHHMaTb τβπηοΒΟϋ ποτβΗΐΐΗβη flo TeMnepaTypu 06-paOoTKH, oCycjioBjíeHHoň oCpaČaTusaeMUM MaTepnanoM. Enarooapa HcnonbsoBaionoonopHux sneMeHTOB TepMónapu c κοητβκτομ μηπ H3MepeHH« TeMnepaTypu Henocpefl-CTBeHHO Ha o6pa6aTUBaeMOM MaTepHane ynaeTca ηθαθχηο usCeraTb onacHux nepe-rpeBOB, KOTopue MoryT ΗΜβτΒ Μβοτο πρη HSBecTHux ycTpoňcTBax perynnpoBaHHaTeMnepaTypu b xpaeBUx soHax xaMepu ona οβρββοτκΗ.CornacHo Η3οβρετβΗΗΐο ycTpoňcTBo peryjiHpoBaHHfl TeMnepaTypu peryjmpyeT neMbpjin TepMHuecKoft οβρββοτκΗ No. Bucoxoň cxopocTbio pasorpeea MTO oOecneMHBaeTοοοτΒβτοτΒβΗΗο BbicoKy »nponycKHyto cnocoCHocTb NPH oCpaCoTxe MaTepnana. Squires c ha ** T8KHM noBumeHHeM npon3BonnTenbHocTn b nepsyw oqepeflb nocTHraeTca no-BumeHHe ποοτοηηοτβ8 TeMnepaTypu b sohei o6pa (6oTKH MTO nosBonaeT πρκ Η3οτβρ-MHáecxHx ycnoBHax paBHOMepHo noflHHMaTb τβπηοΒΟϋ ποτβΗΐΐΗβη flo TeMnepaTypu 06 paOoTKH, oCycjioBjíeHHoň oCpaČaTusaeMUM MaTepnanoM. Enarooapa HcnonbsoBaionoonopHux sneMeHTOB TepMónapu C κοητβκτομ μηπ H3MepeHH «TeMnepaTypu Henocpefl-Ha CTBeHHO o6pa6aTUBaeMOM MaTepHane ynaeTca ηθαθχηο usCeraTb onacHux NEP-rpeBOB, KOTopue Ballad ΗΜβτΒ Μβοτο πρη HSBecTHux ycTpoňcTBax perynnpoBaHHaTeMnepaTypu b xpaeBUx soHax xaMepu she οβρββοτκΗ.

ΠΡΗΜΕΡ OCymECTBJÍEHHfl H3OBPETEHHHΠΡΗΜΕΡ OCymECTBJÍEHHfl H3OBPETEHHH

HsoGpeTeHHe Cojiee ποηροβΗο noacHaeTca Ha HHxecnenymQeM npHMepe.HsoGpeTeHHe Cojiee ποηροβΗο noacHaeTca Ha HHxecnenymQeM npHMepe.

Ha npHnaraeMOM Μβρτβχβ npeflCTaBjíeHHo: Φηγ. 1 - cxeMaTHuecKoe H3o6paxeHHe TepMosjíexTpHMecxoro ycTpoňcTBa peryjiHpoea-hhh TeMnepaTypu b nenn nna TepMHMecxoň οβρββοτκΗ nocToaHHux μβγηητοβB Μ3ΠΗΗΤΗΟΜ none.Ha npHnaraeMOM Μβρτβχβ npeflCTaBjeeHHo: γηγ. 1 - cxeMaTHuecKoe H3o6paxeHHe TepMosjiexTpHMecxoro ycT leastcTBa peryjiHpoea-hhh TeMnepaTyp b bnn nh TepMHMecxoň οβρββοτκΗ nocToaHHux μβγηητοβB ΗΗΤΗΟΜ3ΠΗΗΤΗΟΜ none.

IleMb ajih TepMHHecxoft οβρββοτχκ coctoht H3 axTHBHoft Tpy6u 1, OKpyxeHHoftcHapyxH HarpeBaTenbHUMH sneMeHTaMH 2, BKJnoMeHHUMH Tax, mto ohh oCpasyioTpasnejibHbie uenn Haxajia, H3 κοτορμχ oahb HaxoffHTca b aoHe I h no oflHoň qe-πη - b o6enx soHax noflorpeBa II η III. Ακτηβη8η TpyOa 1 c HarpesaTeJibHUMHaneMeHTaMH 2 pacnonaraeTca b BO3flyniHOM sasope snexTpOMarHHTa 3, npHHHMaa b3οηθ oCpaCoTKH 1, pacnonoxeHHoň b BoanyniHOM 3aaope, o6pa6aTUBaeMUň ΜΒτβρπ-an k, cocToanpiň H3 ποοτοηηημχ μθγηητοβ, nanpaBjíeHHO ynoxeHHux cjiohmh b pe-sepeyape. . flna TepMoanexTpHMecxoro H3MepěHna TeMnepaTypu b cepeflHHe sohu oOpaOÓT-xh I, xoHTaxTHpya c axTHBHofi TpyOoň 1, pacnonaraeTca TepMonapa 5, a b soHaXnoflorpeBa II η III - TepMónapu 6 h 7. TepMonapa 5b soHe οΟρβΟοτκΗ I ¢006-maeTca c peryjiHpyiomHM Gjioxom 8, xotopmíí no TeMnepaType, ycTaHOBJíeHHoft 9a-ΑβτΜΗχοΜ 9 flJia sohu o6pa6oTXH I, uepes cnnoBoň Onox 10 perynHpyeT tox Harpe-Ba RSlfl 3OHU OÓpaSOTKH 1.IleMb ajih TepMHHecxoft οβρββοτχκ coctoht H3 axTHBHoft Tpy6u 1 OKpyxeHHoftcHapyxH HarpeBaTenbHUMH sneMeHTaMH 2 BKJnoMeHHUMH Tax MTO ooh oCpasyioTpasnejibHbie uenn Haxajia H3 κοτορμχ oahb HaxoffHTca aoHe b i h no oflHoň QE-πη - b o6enx soHax noflorpeBa η II, III. Ακτηβη8η TpyOa HarpesaTeJibHUMHaneMeHTaMH 1 c 2 b pacnonaraeTca BO3flyniHOM sasope snexTpOMarHHTa 3 npHHHMaa b3οηθ oCpaCoTKH 1 pacnonoxeHHoň b BoanyniHOM 3aaope, o6pa6aTUBaeMUň ΜΒτβρπ n-k, H3 cocToanpiň ποοτοηηημχ μθγηητοβ, nanpaBjíeHHO ynoxeHHux cjiohmh PE-b sepeyape. . flna TepMoanexTpHMecxoro H3MepěHna TeMnepaTypu b cepeflHHe Sohu oOpaOÓT-XH I xoHTaxTHpya c axTHBHofi TpyOoň 1 pacnonaraeTca TepMonapa 5 b soHaXnoflorpeBa η II III - TepMónapu 6h seventh TepMonapa 5b sohei οΟρβΟοτκΗ ¢ 006 I-c maeTca peryjiHpyiomHM Gjioxom 8 xotopmíí no TeMnepaType , ycTaHOBJíeHHoft 9a-ΑβτΜΗχοΜ 9 flJia sohu o6pa6oTXH I, uepes cnnoBoň Onox 10 perynHpyeT tox Harpe-Ba RSlfl 3OHU OOpaSOTKH 1.

TepMónapu 6 h 7 3oh nofrorpeBa II η III BCTpeMHo BxmoMeHU c onopHUMH 3Jie-TempMap 6h 7 3oh nofrorpeBa II η III BCTpeMHo BxmoMeHU c onopHUMH 3Jie-

MeHTaMH 11 h 12, coo6maacb c perynHpyranmMH OnoxaMH 13 h 14, npHMeM onopHue 258042 - 4 - aneMeHTbi TepMonapu 11 h 12 uepes oTBepcTHH b axTHBHoň Tpy6e 1 βχολητ b 30HyοβρββοτκΗ I, KOHTaKTHpya c οβρβββτΜΒβεΜΜΜ ΜβτβρκβηοΜ 4 b nennx πρ.ημογο HSMe—peHHH TeMnepaTypu. B perynHpyiouHX 6noxax 13 κ 14 TeMnepaTypHoe HanpnxeHHe,ycTaHaBJíHBawmeecH b pesynbTaTe nepenana TeMnepaTypu Mexny soHoň οβρββοτκΗ Iη 30H3MH nogorpeBa II η III, aHajtHSHpyeTCH h b BHfle perynHpyeMoň BenHHHHbítokob HarpeBa nopaeTcn Ha sohu noflorpesa II η III. Πρκ ρββοτβ nenH nnn τβρ-MHHecxoň οβρββοτΧΗ sohb οβρββοτκΗ I no saflaTwHxy 9, perynnpyiomeMy Onoxy 8 hcwnoBOMy Onoxy 11 npexne Bcero aoboahtch ρ,ο sanaHHoft TeMnepaTypu. TepMona-pa 5 «na cpaBHeHHH sanaHHoro βηηηθηηη cnysaKT ana cooOineHHH axTyanbHoft TeMne-paTypu b soHe οβρββοτκΗ I. 3ohu noaorpeea II hIII nyTeM BCTpenHoró Bxnwne-hhh TepMonap 6 h 7 c οπορημμη sneMeHTaMH TepMonapbt 11 h 12 ycTaHeenHeauTcano cOotBeTCTBywmHM pérynHpyiomHM OnoxaM 13 h 14 τβχ, hto6m no οηποββιμ 6noxaM15 h 16 ycTaHaBnHBancH onpeaeneHHbiň nogbeM TeMnepaTypu no xpaio sohm οβρβτβοτκΗ I. Bo ΒρβΜΗ perynupoBaHHH nopoxneň neuH ana TepMHHecxott οβρββοτκΗonopHbie sneMeHTu TepMonapbi 11 h 12 ηηχοαητοη b cepeaHHe axTHBHoft TpyObi l. IIyTeM BbiOopa TexHonorHwecxH HexpHTHHecxoft nepenoMHoň TeMnepaTypu Há sa-aaTMHxe 9 TeMnepaTypu sohu οβρββοτκΗ í, panee ycTaHOBneHHaa Ha TeMnepaTypyοβρββοτκΗ, noHHxaeTCH no 3T0ň paBHOBecnoň TeMnepaTypu. Koráa paBHOBecHaa - TeMnepaTypa a°CTHraeT TpeOyeMůro TeMnepaTypHoro προφΗπη (i2eC), áHxn οβρβ-βοτκΗ HaHHHaeTcn c OucTpoň sarpysKH o6pa6aTUBaeMoro Μβτβρπβηβ 4, npeaBapH-TenbHo HarpeToro sa npeaenaMH nenn a° paBHOBecHoft TeMnepaTypu. ·ΠρΗ stom, nocytUHOCTH Η3θ0ρβτβΗΗΗ, oco6oe 3HaneHne npHaaeTca TOMy, hto onopHue sneMeHTuTepŇonapu 11 h 12 nocne sarpysxH οόρβββτΜΒββΜΟτο Μβτβρκβηβ 4 Βχοαητ c hhmb kohthkt, nonyqafl cboio TeMnepaTypy cpaBHeHHH HenocpeacTBeHHo ot oCpaOaTu-BaeMoro MaTepnana 4.MeHTaMH 11 h 12 coo6maacb perynHpyranmMH OnoxaMH C 13 H 14 npHMeM onopHue 258042-4 - aneMeHTbi TepMonapu 11 h 12 b uepes oTBepcTHH axTHBHoň Tpy6e 1 βχολητ 30HyοβρββοτκΗ b I c KOHTaKTHpya οβρβββτΜΒβεΜΜΜ ΜβτβρκβηοΜ 4 b nennx πρ.ημογο HSMe-peHHH TeMnepaTypu. B perynHpyiouHX 6noxax 13 κ 14 TeMnepaTypHoe HanpnxeHHe, ycTaHaBJíHBawmeecH b pesynbTaTe nepenana TeMnepaTypu Mexny Sohoni οβρββοτκΗ Iη 30H3MH nogorpeBa η II III aHajtHSHpyeTCH h b BHfle perynHpyeMoň BenHHHHbítokob HarpeBa nopaeTcn Ha Sohu noflorpesa η II, III. Πρκ ρββοτβ nenH nnn τβρ-MHHecxoň οβρββοτΧΗ sohb οβρββοτκΗ I no saflaTwHxy 9, perynnpyiomeMy Onoxy 8 hcwnoBOMy Onoxy 11 npexne Bcero aoboahtch ρ, ο sanaHHoft TeMnepaTypu. TepMona-PA 5 «on cpaBHeHHH sanaHHoro βηηηθηηη cnysaKT ana cooOineHHH axTyanbHoft dark-paTypu b sohei οβρββοτκΗ I. 3ohu noaorpeea HIII rivet II-hhh BCTpenHoró Bxnwne TepMonap 6h 7c οπορημμη sneMeHTaMH TepMonapbt 11 h 12 ycTaHeenHeauTcano cOotBeTCTBywmHM pérynHpyiomHM OnoxaM τβχ 13 H 14, hto6m no οηποββιμ 6noxaM15 h 16 ycTaHaBnHBancH onpeaeneHHbiň nogbeM TeMnepaTypu well xpaio Sohm οβρβτβοτκΗ I. Bo ΒρβΜΗ perynupoBaHHH nopoxneň NEUH ana TepMHHecxott οβρββοτκΗonopHbie sneMeHTu TepMonapbi 11 h 12 b ηηχοαητοη cepeaHHe axTHBHoft TpyObi l. IIyTeM BbiOopa TexHonorHwecxH HexpHTHHecxoft nepenoMHoň TeMnepaTypu HA-9 aaTMHxe TeMnepaTypu Sohu οβρββοτκΗ í, panee ycTaHOBneHHaa Ha TeMnepaTypyοβρββοτκΗ, noHHxaeTCH no 3T0n paBHOBecnoN TeMnepaTypu. KORa paBHOBecHaa - TeMnepaTypa ° and CTHraeT TpeOyeMůro TeMnepaTypHoro προφΗπη (i2eC) áHxn οβρβ-βοτκΗ HaHHHaeTcn c OucTpoň sarpysKH o6pa6aTUBaeMoro Μβτβρπβηβ 4-npeaBapH TenbHo HarpeToro was npeaenaMH Nenni and paBHOBecHoft TeMnepaTypu °. · ΠρΗ stoma nocytUHOCTH Η3θ0ρβτβΗΗΗ, oco6oe 3HaneHne npHaaeTca Tomy HTO onopHue sneMeHTuTepŇonapu 11 h 12 nocne sarpysxH οόρβββτΜΒββΜΟτο Μβτβρκβηβ 4 Βχοαητ c hhmb kohthkt, nonyqafl cboio TeMnepaTypy cpaBHeHHH HenocpeacTBeHHo oCpaOaTu OT-BaeMoro MaTepnana fourth

Ecjih sarpysxa oOpaĎaTusaeMoro MaTepnana 4 npoHSBOAHTCH αοοτβτοηηο 6mctpo,to saaaTHHK 9 momho cpasy ace nepexnwMáTb Ha TeMnepaTypy οβρββοτκΗ. B προτηβ-HOM cnynae ΗβοβχοΑΗΜο AOxaaTbCH TepMHnecKoft KOMneHcaipiH, HSMepeHHOft Ha o6pa- ,CaTuBaeMOM Μβτβρκβηβ 4.Ecjih sarpysxa oOpaDaTusaeMoro MaTepnana 4 npoHSBOAHTCH αοοτβτοηηο 6mctpo, it saaaTHHK 9 momho cpasy ace nepexnwMaTb Ha TeMnepaTypes οβρββοτκΗ. B προτηβ-HOM cnynae ΗβοβχοΑΗΜο AOxaaTbCH TepMHnecKoft KOMneHcaipiH, HSMepeHHOft Ha o6pa-, CaTuBaeMOM Μβτβρκβηβ 4.

Ilocne nepexraoHeHHH saaaTMHxa 9 Ha TeMnepaTypy οβρββοτκΗ Ha Harpee sohm;ο6ρββοτκκ I ΗΑβτ MaxcHManbHan MontHocTb. Ha Harpee oCeux soh noflorpeBa II hIII, oCpasynomx TepMHnecKHe 0y$epu, κηβτ MontHocTb, HesHanHTenbHo npeBbenaio- .man perynupyeMyio MonpipcTb Ha yaepxaHHe. npHUHHa saKjnonaeTCH b tom, hto HaxoHTypu perynHpoBaHHH «nn soh noaorpeBa II η III nonaeTCH Tonbxo ýaxTHHecxaHTeMnepaTypa oOpaOaTUBaeMoro. Marepnana 4. B nepHOA ΗβΗβοηωπβή ckopocth pasorpesa, cocTaBnaiomeft npHMepHo 60-80% oτnpeofloneBaeMoro nepena.ua TeMnepaTypu, nepenaa TeMnepaTypu b npeaenax o6pa-OaraBaeMoro MaTepnana 4 ocTaeTcn Hidce ±5°C, ητο οπητβ nonHocTb» KOMneHCHpy-eTca c πρκΟηιοκβΗΗβΜ x ŤeMnepaType οβρββοτκΗ. IIocpeacTBOM He npencTaBneHHoroHa φπΓ.1 perynnTopa npn ycTBHOBneHHH TeMnepaTypu οβρββοτκΗ noflxnronaeTCH ne-oOxoAHMoe απη TepMOMarHHTHOň οβρββοτκΗ MarroiTHoe none Ha snexTpoMarHHTe 3. . OIHCOK HCnOJlt3OBAHHbIX CGbinOMHblX 0B03HAHEHHň 1 - axTHBHaa Tpy6aIlocne nepexraoHeHHH saaaTMHxa 9 Ha TeMnepaTypes οβρββοτκΗ Ha Harpee sohm; ο6ρββοτκκ I ΗΑβτ MaxcHManbHan MontHocTb. Ha Harpee oCeux soh noflorpeBa II hIII, oCpasynomx TepMHnecKHe 0y $ epu, κηβτ MontHocTb, HesHanHTenbHo npeBbenaio- .man perynupyeMyio MonpipcTb Ha yaepxaHHe. npHUHHa sKjnonaeTCH, haxoHTyp perynHpoBaHHHnn soh noaorpeBa II η III nonaeTCH Tonbxo axaxTHHecxaHTeMnepaTypa oOpaOaTUBaeMoro. Marepnana 4.B nepHOA ΗβΗβοηωπβή ckopocth pasorpesa, cocTaBnaiomeft npHMepHo 60-80% oτnpeofloneBaeMoro nepena.ua TeMnepaTypu, nepenaa TeMnepaTypu b npeaenax o6pa-OaraBaeMoro MaTepnana 4 ocTaeTcn Hidce ± 5 ° C ητο οπητβ nonHocTb »KOMneHCHpy eTca-c πρκΟηιοκβΗΗβΜ x ŤeMnepaType οβρββοτκΗ. IIocpeacTBOM He npencTaBneHHoroHa φπΓ.1 perynnTopa npn ycTBHOBneHHH TeMnepaTyp οβρββοτκΗ noflxnronaeTCH ne-oOxoAHMoe απη TepMOMarHHTH οβρββοτκΗ MarroiTHoe none Ha snexTpoMarHHTe 3.. OIHCOK HCnOJlt3OBAHHbIX CGbinOMHblX 0B03HAHEHHn 1 - axTHBHaa Tpy6a

2 - HarpeBaTejibHbiň sneMeHT2 - HarpeBaTejibHbiň sneMeHT

3 - anexTpoMarHHT 4 - oOpaeaTbiBaeMbiň MaTepnan3 - anexTpoMarHHT 4 - oOpaeaTbiBaeMbiň MaTepnan

' 5 - TepMonapa sohm οβρββοτκΗ I'5 - TepMonapa sohm οβρββοτκΗ I

6 - TepMonapa sohm noflorpesa II6 - TepMonapa sohm noflorpesa II

7 - TepMonapa sohu nonorpeBa III7 - TepMonapa sohu nonorpeBa III

8 - perynHpyiouHft βποκ sohm οβρββοτκΗ I 256042 - 5 -8 - perynHpyiouHft βποκ sohm οβρββοτκΗ I 256042 - 5 -

9 “ 3afl3TVHK SOHbl οβρββΟΤΧΗ I9 “3afl3TVHK SOHbl οβρββΟΤΧΗ I

10 - cHflOBoň Οηοκ sohu oGpaGoTKH I10 - cHflOBo Οηοκ sohu oGpaGoTKH I

11 - onopHbiň sneMeHT TepMonapbi κ 3OHe nogorpeBa II11 - onopHbiň sneMeHT TepMonapbi κ 3OHe nogorpeBa II

12 - onopHuň aneMeHT TepMonapbi κ aoHe nogorpeBa III12 - onopHuň aneMeHT TepMonapbi κ aHe nogorpeBa III

13 - peryjiHpyiomHň 6nox gna sohm nogorpeBa II13 - peryjiHpyiomHn 6nox gna sohm nogorpeBa II

14 - peryjiHpywnuft 6ποκ ρ,ηη sohu nogorpeBa III14 - peryjiHpywnuft 6ποκ ρ, ηη sohu nogorpeBa III

15 - cunoBoň Cjiok pjifi 3OHbi nogorpeBa II15 - CunoBoň Cjiok pjifi 3OHbi nogorpeBa II

16 - cnnoBOft 6nox fljw 3OHbi nogorpeBa III16 - cnnoBOft 6nox fljw 3OHbi nogorpeBa III

ΦΟΡΜΥΠΑ H30BPETEHHH 1. TepMoanexTpHvecxoe ycTpóňcTBO peryjiHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypbi gna neveň nogTepMHvecxyio o6pa6oTxy, b vacTHocTH, nofl TepMHvecxyio o6pa6oTKy nocTOHHHUxΜ3ΓΗΗΤ0Β B ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟΜ noíie, npH XOTOpoň H3OTepMHVeCKOe COCTOHHHe ΒΟ BCeft 30“He oCpaOoTKH peryjiHpyeTCH nog geňcTBHeM sok nogorpeBa, npegycMOTpeHHux co6enx ctopoh 3ohu οβρββοτκΗ, nyTeM H3MepeHHH TeMnepaTypu b τρβχ soHax Harpe-Ba h cpaBHeHHa TepMosneKTptmecKoro HanpflxeHHH gror perynHPOBaHHH moqhocth,Hgymeň Ha HarpeB, xapaxTepHsyiomeecH τβΜ, ντο b cepeflHHe sohu οβρββοτκΗ (I),Ha axTKBHoft Tpyóe (1) pacno/ioxeHa TepMonapa (5) ρ,ηχ nepeoro peryjmpyiomeroCnoxa (8) c sagaTVHxoM (9) κ chaobum Gjioxom (10), ano βοκβΜ, KOHTaxTHpyHc oOpaGaTbiBaeMbiM ΜβτερΗβποΜ (4), - onopHue sneMeHTU TepMonapu (11 u 12),npnveM onopHuň aneMeHT TepMonapu (11) BMecTe c TepMonapoň (6) Ha aone nogo-rpeBa (II) h onopnuň sneMeHT TepMonapu (12> BMecTe c TepMonapoň (7) Ha 3OHe.nogorpeea (III) οοοτΒβτοτββΗΗΟ no BTopoMy peryjiHpywmeMy 6noxy (13) η TpeTbe-My perynHpyioineMy 6noxy (14) oOpasyioT saBHCHMbie ot nepenaga TeMnepaTyphi genuTepMosjíexTpHvecxoro Toxa, nogxjnoveHHbie οοοτΒβτοτΒβΗΗΟ κ chaosům βηοκβΜ (15;16) gjix perynHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu b soHax nogorpeBa (II; III).ΦΟΡΜΥΠΑ H30BPETEHHH first TepMoanexTpHvecxoe ycTpóňcTBO peryjiHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypbi gna Neven nogTepMHvecxyio o6pa6oTxy b vacTHocTH, nOFL TepMHvecxyio o6pa6oTKy nocTOHHHUxΜ3ΓΗΗΤ0Β B ΜβΓΗΗΤΗΟΜ blades, NPH XOTOpoň H3OTepMHVeCKOe COCTOHHHe ΒΟ BCeft 30 "He oCpaOoTKH peryjiHpyeTCH nog geňcTBHeM sok nogorpeBa, npegycMOTpeHHux co6enx ctopoh 3ohu οβρββοτκΗ, rivet H3MepeHHH TeMnepaTypu b τρβχ soHax Harpe-Ba h cpaBHeHHa TepMosneKTptmecKoro HanpflxeHHH Gror perynHPOBaHHH moqhocth, Hgymeň Ha HarpeB, xapaxTepHsyiomeecH τβΜ, ντο b cepeflHHe Sohu οβρββοτκΗ (I) Ha axTKBHoft Tpyóe (1) pACN / ioxeHa TepMonapa (5) ρ, ηχ nepeoro peryjmpyiomeroCnoxa (8) c sagaTVHxoM (9) iox chaobum Gjioxom (10), yes βοκβΜ, KOHTaxTHpyHc oOpaGaTbiBaeMbiM ΜβτερΗβποΜ (4), - onopHue sTemMonapu (11) BMecTe c TepMonapoň (6) Ha aone nogo-rpeBa (II) h onopnuň sneMeHT TepMonapu (12> BMecTe c TepMonapon (7) H 3OHe.nogorpeea and (iii) no οοοτΒβτοτββΗΗΟ BTopoMy peryjiHpywmeMy 6noxy (13), η-TpeTbe We perynHpyioineMy 6noxy (14) oOpasyioT saBHCHMbie rt nepenaga TeMnepaTyphi genuTepMosjíexTpHvecxoro Toxa, nogxjnoveHHbie οοοτΒβτοτΒβΗΗΟ κ litters of βηοκβΜ (15; 16) gjix perynHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu b soHax nogorpeBa (II ; III).

AHHOTA10WAHHOTA10W

TepMosjíexTpHvecxoe ycTpóňcTBO perynHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu gnn neveň nogTepMosjíexTpHvecxoe ycTpóncTBO perynHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypa gnn neveň nog

TepMHvecxyw o6pa6oTKy Η3θ6ρβτβΗΗβ xacaeTcx TepMoanexTpHvecxoro ycTpoňcTBa perynHpoBaHHH TeMne-paTypu gna HarpeBa neveň nog TepMHvecxyn oGpaČOTxy, b vscthocth, nog Ηβοτβρ-'MOMarHHTHyK) o6pa6oTxy βηη3Οτροπημχ nocTOHHHux μηγηητοβ.TepMHvecxyw o6pa6oTKy Η3θ6ρβτβΗΗβ xacaeTcx TepMoanexTpHvecxoro ycTpoňcTBa perynHpoBaHHH dark-GNA paTypu HarpeBa Neven nog TepMHvecxyn oGpaČOTxy b vscthocth, nog Ηβοτβρ-'MOMarHHTHyK) o6pa6oTxy βηη3Οτροπημχ nocTOHHHux μηγηητοβ.

UeJibw H3o6peTeHH« HBjíaeTCH paspaGoTxa TepMoanexTpHvecKoro ycTpoňcTBa pe-rynupoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu gna neveň nog TepMHvecxyio oCpatSoTKy, κοτοροβ noseo-JttUIO 6u npHBOgHTb 30Hy οβρπβΟΤΚΗ B HSOTepMHVeCKOe COCTOHHHe OgHOBpeMeHHO coGpaCaTUBaeMbiM MaTepHanoM. B ócHOBy Η3θ6ρβτβΗΗΗ nonoxeHa sagava ycoBepmeHcTBOBaHHH npHHgHna onpege-neHHH h peanHsauHH perynnpyeMbix BenHVHH Ha 6ase paaorpesa nevH gnn TepMHvec-xoň oČpaeoŤKH, perynHpyeMoro nyTeM TepMoanexTpHvecKoro HSMepeHHH TeMnepaTy-pu b soHax nogorpeBa h TepMHvecxoň οβρββοτκΗ.UeJibw H3o6peTeHH «HBjíaeTCH paspaGoTxa TepMoanexTpHvecKoro ycTpoňcTBa PE rynupoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu GNA Neven nog TepMHvecxyio oCpatSoTKy, κοτοροβ NOSE-JttUIO 6U npHBOgHTb 30Hy οβρπβΟΤΚΗ B HSOTepMHVeCKOe COCTOHHHe OgHOBpeMeHHO coGpaCaTUBaeMbiM MaTepHanoM. B ócHOBy Η3θ6ρβτβΗΗΗ nonoxeHa sagava ycoBepmeHcTBOBaHHH npHHgHna onpege-neHHH h peanHsauHH perynnpyeMbix BenHVHH Ha 6ase paaorpesa nevH GNN TepMHvecxoň oČpaeoŤKH, perynHpyeMoro rivet TepMoanexTpHvecKoro HSMepeHHH TeMnepaTy-pu b soHax nogorpeBa TepMHvecxoň οβρββοτκΗ h.

CornacHo ΗβοβρβτβΗκη 3Ta sagava pemaeTca τβΚΗΜ oOpasoM, ντο b cepeflHHesoHbí oGpaGoTKH, Ha axTHBHoň TpyGe pacnonoxeHa TepMonapa gjw nepBoro peryím-pywmero 6noxa c aaflaTvHKOM h chaobum 6aokom, a no βοκβΜ, KOHTaxTHpya c o6pa-CaTUBaeMUM MaTepnanoM, - onopHbie sgeMeHTU TepMonapu, npnveM ogHH onopHuň3πβΜβΗΤ BMecré c TepMonapoň Ha nepBOň aoHe nogorpeBa h flpyroň onopHuň sne-ΜβΗΤ BMecTe c TepMonapoň Ha flpyroň aoHe nogorpeBa cooTBeTCTeeHHO no BTOpOMyh TpeTbeMy peryjiHpywnpiM CnoxaM o6pa3y»T aaBHCHMue ot nepenaga TeMnepaTypugenu TepM03JieKTpHvecKoro 'Toxa, xoTopue cooTaeTCTBeHHo nogxníoveHU x chaosůmSnoxaM flnfl peryjiHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu b 3OHax nogorpeea. 258042 6CornacHo ΗβοβρβτβΗκη 3TA sagava pemaeTca τβΚΗΜ oOpasoM, ντο b cepeflHHesoHbí oGpaGoTKH Ha axTHBHoň TpyGe pacnonoxeHa TepMonapa GJW nepBoro peryím-pywmero 6noxa c aaflaTvHKOM h chaobum 6aokom and well βοκβΜ, KOHTaxTHpya c o6pa-CaTUBaeMUM MaTepnanoM - onopHbie sgeMeHTU TepMonapu, npnveM ogHH onopHuň3πβΜβΗΤ BMecré c TepMonapoň Ha nepBOň aoHe nogorpeBa h flpyroň onopHuň SNE-ΜβΗΤ BMEC c TepMonapoň Ha flpyroň aoHe nogorpeBa cooTBeTCTeeHHO well BTOpOMyh TpeTbeMy peryjiHpywnpiM CnoxaM o6pa3y »T aaBHCHMue rpm nepenaga TeMnepaTypugenu TepM03JieKTpHvecKoro 'Toxa, xoTopue cooTaeTCTBeHHo nogxníoveHU x chaosůmSnoxaM flnfl peryjiHpoBaHHH TeMnepaTypu b 3OHax nogorpeea. 258042 6

Ilpn3naHo Η3θ6ρβτβΗΗβΜ no peayribTaTaM 9KcnepTH3bi, ocymecTBneHHOft BeflOMCTBOMno p,enaM HsoCpeTeHnň η πβτβΗτοβ FflP. 1 nepTew 258042Ilpn3naHo Η3θ6ρβτβΗΗβΜ no peayribTaTaM 9KcnepTH3bi, ocymecTBneHHOft BeflOMCTBOMno psoReTeHnn η πβτβΗτοβ FflP. 1 nepTew 258042

Claims (1)

- 7 - PŽEDMĚT VYNÁLEZU Termoelektrické zařízení k regulaci teploty v peci protepelné zpracování» zejména pro tepelné zpracování permanent-ních magnetů v magnetickém poli» při kterém je izometrickýStav v oelé zóně zpracování regulován působením ohřívacíchzón, nacházejících se na obou straháoh zóny zpracování, nazákladě měření teploty ve třech zónách a srovnání termo-elektrického napětí pro regulaci výkonu dodávaného na ohří-vání, vyznačující se tím, Že uprostřed zóny (I) zpracovánije jednak na aktivní trubce (1) uspořádán první termočlá-nek (5) propojený s prvním regulačním blokem (8), k němužjsou paralelně připojeny ovladač (9) a první energetiokýblok (10)a jednak jsou po stranách, v kontaktu se zpraco-vávaným materiálem (4), uspořádaný opěrné prvky, opatřenédruhým a třetím termočlánkem (11, 12), přičemž druhý ter-močlánek (11) se čtvrtým termočlánkem (6), umístěným v prvníohřívací zóně (IX) a třetí termočlánek (12) s pátým termo-článkem (7), umístěným v druhé ohřívací zóně (IIÍ), jsoupropojeny ee samostatnými regulačními bloky (13, 14) akaždý regulační blok (13, 14) je propojen s jedním ener-getickým blokem (15, 16) pro regulaci teploty v ohřívaoíchzónách (II i III). 258042OBJECT OF THE INVENTION A thermoelectric temperature control device in a furnace heat treatment furnace, in particular for heat treatment of permanent magnets in a magnetic field, in which the isometric state in the processing zone is controlled by the action of heating zones located on both processing zones, based on temperature measurement. in three zones and comparing the thermo-electric voltage to control the power supplied to the heating, characterized in that a first thermocouple (5) connected to the first control block (1) is arranged on the active tube (1) in the middle of zone (1) 8), to which the actuator (9) and the first energy block (10) are connected in parallel, and the supporting elements provided with the second and third thermocouples (11, 12) are arranged on the sides, in contact with the material (4) to be treated, the second a ter-urea (11) with a fourth thermocouple (6) positioned in the first the heating zone (IX) and the third thermocouple (12) with the fifth thermo element (7) located in the second heating zone (11i) are connected by separate control blocks (13, 14) and each control block (13, 14) is connected to one energy block (15, 16) for controlling the temperature in the heating zones (II and III). 258042
CS374984A 1983-06-13 1984-05-18 Thermoelectric device for temperature regulation in furnace CS258042B1 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DD25192383A DD230564A3 (en) 1983-06-13 1983-06-13 THERMOELECTRIC TEMPERATURE CONTROL DEVICE FOR HEAT TREATMENT OVEN

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CS258042B1 true CS258042B1 (en) 1988-07-15

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BG (1) BG44795A1 (en)
CS (1) CS258042B1 (en)
DD (1) DD230564A3 (en)
HU (1) HUT35718A (en)
SU (1) SU1416844A1 (en)

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RU2505890C2 (en) * 2008-10-28 2014-01-27 БиЭйчПи БИЛЛИТОН ЭЛЮМИНИУМ ТЕКНОЛОДЖИС ЛИМИТЕД Method of using heat energy from surface of pyrometallurgical processing plant and thermoelectric device used therein

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SU1416844A1 (en) 1988-08-15
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HUT35718A (en) 1985-07-29

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