CN87103724A - Particle moulding time processing goods and manufacture method thereof and special equipment - Google Patents

Particle moulding time processing goods and manufacture method thereof and special equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN87103724A
CN87103724A CN 87103724 CN87103724A CN87103724A CN 87103724 A CN87103724 A CN 87103724A CN 87103724 CN87103724 CN 87103724 CN 87103724 A CN87103724 A CN 87103724A CN 87103724 A CN87103724 A CN 87103724A
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China
Prior art keywords
time processing
goods
pressure
special equipment
particle moulding
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CN 87103724
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1011675B (en
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张玉家
刘成安
王赞源
曲江耀
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青岛家具研究所
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Priority to CN 87103724 priority Critical patent/CN1011675B/en
Publication of CN87103724A publication Critical patent/CN87103724A/en
Publication of CN1011675B publication Critical patent/CN1011675B/en

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Abstract

Particle moulding time processing goods and manufacture method thereof and special equipment are the new material that belongs to wooden articles such as furniture, new construction, new manufacture method and the special equipment that uses this method.The present invention utilizes wood shavings or pesticide forest product leftover to add a certain amount of adhesive, curing agent, waterproofing agent, releasing agent, use 6-direction 5-position electronically controlled automatic hydraulic special equipment, under certain pressure, temperature, the mold pressing time processing goes out to have attractive in appearance, the firm product of song, flat and stereo moulding and ridge design pattern.

Description

Particle moulding time processing goods and manufacture method thereof and special equipment are the new material that belongs to wooden articles such as furniture, door and window, new construction, new manufacture method and the special equipment that uses this method.
Present woodenware such as furniture, some are monomer furniture or the composite furnitures that adopts the wooden frame tenon structure, and some is board-like dismountable furniture.Production process need be passed through batching-component processing-loaded down with trivial details technical process such as be connected and installed-paint, and not only needs a large amount of work, also needs a large amount of timber, thereby the cost height, yields poorly, and wooden articles generally can only be made simple straight line, planar design.If produce the wooden articles that has song attractive in appearance, flat and stereo moulding and ridge design pattern, price is just expensive more, is difficult for producing in enormous quantities.Existing particle moulding processing can only be processed the wood shavings flat sheet, or with the three-dimensional contouring of manual equipment processing simple plane, as packing case.Existing technology and equipment can not be finished the goods of the various songs of particle moulding time processing, flat and stereo moulding.
Purpose of the present invention is exactly in order to simplify the manufacture method of wooden articles such as furniture, enlarge the raw material sources of wooden articles, improve timber utilization rate, produce have multiple song, the wooden articles of flat and stereo moulding and ridge design pattern, and provide a kind of six special equipments that use new manufacture method to the automatically controlled fully automatic hydraulic of five stations.
Particle moulding time processing goods of the present invention are molded in the raw material of these goods and contain wood shavings, adhesive, curing agent, waterproofing agent, releasing agent.Various component content ratios in the raw material are as follows:
Wood shavings: adhesive is 1: 0.08~0.17;
Adhesive: curing agent is 1: 0.003~0.005;
Waterproofing agent and releasing agent are an amount of.By the mold pressing time processing, make these goods have various songs, flat and stereo moulding and ridge design pattern.According to different needs, use various mould, can the mold pressing time processing go out various goods such as sofa shell, tea table, table, chair, tub, door, the various box body combinations furniture of window.
In order to enlarge raw material sources, save timber, can replace wood shavings with pesticide forest product leftover.As replacing wood shavings with cotton bavin bar, cornstalk, peanut shell, bagasse etc.
Urea-formaldehyde resin adhesive or phenolic resin glue etc. can be used as the adhesive in the raw material.One of them can be used as curing agent in the raw material ammonium chloride, oxalic acid, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid etc.Liquid paraffin or sodium metasilicate can be used as the waterproofing agent in the raw material.Tannic acid or sodium metasilicate can be used as the releasing agent in the raw material.
The manufacture method of particle moulding time processing goods is performed such: the content batching of at first pressing various compositions in the raw material, in the wood shavings of pulverizing, force plane spend 5 mm wides above be no more than 10%, it is ideal form that the powder about wood wool 1.5 mm wides is no more than 65%.Dried wood shavings moisture content is no more than 6%, adhesive content accounts for 0.08~0.17 of wood shavings weight, curing agent content is the 0.003-0.005 of adhesive content, and add an amount of waterproofing agent and releasing agent, after stirring, according to the different sizes of goods, quantitatively, fixed thick mat formation give in the fixed space at special equipment and mould.The corner tamping, the upper cylinder half carry of special equipment reaches material level, and then four side cylinder quick-makes reach material level, and five stations raise and are pressed onto 25~30 kilograms per centimeter 2, moment produces the high pressure retraction, and the high pressure level pressure is in 20~25 kilograms per centimeter 2, pressurize 0.5~5 minute compresses raw material, guarantees the workpiece extrudate density.Again through twice step-down, level pressure, pressurize, get final product die sinking later on, eject particle moulding time processing goods from the bottom material jacking mechanism.
Step-down for the first time drops to the 16-20 kilograms per centimeter 2, retraction level pressure, pressurize 5-10 minute, the raw material generation solidification process that compresses during this.
Step-down for the second time drops to the 8-16 kilograms per centimeter 2, pressurize health 8-16 minute, physicochemical change takes place in compacted goods inside, has got rid of the part volatile matter of goods inside, and the material molecular structure of goods is more stable, makes goods firmer, and is not yielding.
Open a grade yardstick, shape, the degree of depth, shaping capacity etc. owing to correctly, reasonably consider die cavity, all pavement materials can all place among the moulding equably, do not need edging and shaping.Owing to reasonably control temperature and pressure, carry out a step-down, level pressure again, secondary step-down, health make that the volatile matter in the blank is discharged in good time, have avoided the generation of delamination and bubbling phenomenon, make gummed firmly.
The present invention is critical piece frame (60), and operating cylinder (59), (68), (69), (70), (71) eject oil cylinder (61), oil cylinder lifting (57), and electrical control cabinet, Hydraulic Station, hot pressing die, the appropriate combination configuration forms.Operating cylinder is installed in the end face of frame respectively, four sides.Eject oil cylinder and be contained in the bottom surface of frame.
Electrical control cabinet of the present invention, mainly by motor, travel switch; the time relay, pressure switch, electrothermal relay; limit switch, indicator lamp, combination configuration and become main circuit; control circuit; indicating circuit, holding circuit mainly is to provide power for equipment; and operation program controlled, be configured as electrical control hydraulic drive fully automatic system with the Hydraulic Station combination.
Circuit design of the present invention has adopted the relay-contactor logic circuit to control, and can satisfy " crawl " and the single bat circulation automatically respectively of each oil cylinder.Automatically during circular flow, oil cylinder is selected three kinds of combining forms for use, there is the 1-3 stage pressure to keep in the mold process, select for use arbitrarily, every stage pressure can be adjusted combination with holding time in the scope of broad, make special equipment enlarge range of application, can adapt to the requirement of multiple product mold pressing one-shot forming technique preferably.
Hydraulic Station of the present invention is mainly by the high-pressure low-flow oil pump, low pressure and mass flow oil pump high-pressure overflow valve, low pressure relief valve, check valve, three-position four-way valve, two position three-way valve, two position two-way valve, adjustable throttling, the collection flow divider is combined into: high-pressure low-flow loop sets, low pressure and mass flow loop sets, eject the oil cylinder loop sets, five operating cylinder loop sets.Under the control of electric circuit, transferring power makes executing agency move by technological requirement.
Five operating cylinder loop sets, level four side oil cylinders are relatively by dress, by two collection flow divider controls; realized the same moved further of relative cylinder piston; the automatic pressurize of each branch road oil circuit, the bypass off-load, each oil cylinder refluxes; automatic deloading does not have impact; working connection superpressure off-load protection, an oil circuit is protected the power of whole hydraulic system by pressure switch; provide by a high-pressure low-flow pump and a low pressure and mass flow pump, and with the change automatically unloading of operating pressure and conversion automatically.
Hot pressing die of the present invention, mainly by module, ejecting mechanism, module is position, back position limiting structure surely, the electrical equipment self-locking protecting device, stock stop combines.Module is installed in top board respectively, and workbench is on the edge mold pressing head.Top board, edge mold pressing head is separately fixed at end face oil cylinder piston bar, on the oil cylinder piston bar of side.With the motion campaign of piston rod, ejecting mechanism and workbench with eject oil cylinder and be connected, under the effect of piston, goods are released the demoulding.Module is position, back position limiting structure surely, has concave, convex on four side modules, and ramp structure when four side form pieces are closed, plays position-limiting action.The electrical equipment self-locking protecting device mainly contains microswitch, control stick, sliding sleeve and combines.Sliding sleeve has ring groove, and when control stick was in groove, no power played the self-lock protection effect.Stock stop mainly contains material blocking block, leading screw, sliding sleeve, handwheel and combines.Before adding wood shavings material in the hot pressing die chamber, rotate handwheel earlier, make leading screw drive sliding sleeve and travel forward, promote material blocking block and make on its side that is close to the front and back module, each module is moved again then, makes its mold pressing one-shot forming.This mechanism is provided with purpose, mainly is excessive in order to prevent shavings raw material.
The heat medium of the module of hot pressing die can water or steam or oil, the surface Working Temperature of module between 110 ℃-170 ℃, 130 ℃ of-140 ℃ of optimum temperatures that add man-hour for the wood shavings goods.Module must be done gas pressure test before operation, five minutes can bear gas pressure is 16kg/cm 2
Operating cylinder of the present invention and eject oil cylinder is separately fixed at the end face of frame, four sides, bottom surface.On the frame, by oil cylinder lifting is housed, this mechanism is by elevating screw below the oil cylinder of side, the lifting screw, and bearing, bearing block, the garden bevel gear, casing, gear bush combines.Lifting screw endoporus cooperates with elevating screw, garden bevel gear and axle sleeve are equipped with in the outside, bearing is contained in the bearing block the inside, bearing block is fixed on the casing, the axial region of garden bevel gear shaft cooperates with gear bush, gear parts and the engagement of garden bevel gear, bearing holder (housing, cover) is fixed on the casing, elevating screw connects casing and is fixed on the frame with oil cylinder, rotate the garden bevel gear shaft with spanner, elevating screw is risen or decline, drive oil cylinder and module and rise or descend, thereby reach the purpose of adjusting the Center of Pressure.
Utilize the special equipment and the manufacture method of particle moulding time processing to produce goods such as furniture, door and window, bucket, can fully utilize timber, enlarge raw material sources, reduce production costs, enhance productivity.Goods can have multiple straight, curve, and song, flat and stereo appearance and ridge design pattern have aesthetic feeling as engraving, and the intensity height is durable, and remarkable economic efficiency and social benefit are arranged.The sofa shell of producing carries out the furniture Mechanics Performance Testing through timber industry system of Nanjing Forestry University according to international standard " ISODP7173 armchair mechanical test method ", the quiet lotus of the chair back, seat support, handrail and shock loading all reach three grades of strength criterions, satisfy the requirement to furniture intensity fully.
One embodiment of the present of invention are described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1,2: be the sofa shell schematic diagram of particle moulding time processing.
Accompanying drawing 3: be the temperature of particle moulding time processing technology, pressure, time plot.(module working surface temperature is 130 ℃.)
Accompanying drawing 4: be total schematic diagram of the omnipotent compression molding forming machine of MCJ-750 ton.
Accompanying drawing 5: be main circuit diagram.
Accompanying drawing 6, accompanying drawing 7: be automatically controlled circuit diagram.
Accompanying drawing 8: be electric cyclematics.
Accompanying drawing 9: be the Hydraulic Power Transmission System schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 10,11: be sofa shell hot pressing die schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 12: be electric self-locking protecting device schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 13: be operating cylinder elevating mechanism schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2 have been described a kind of sofa shell of particle moulding time processing, are by song, the handrail on plane, and the backrest of curved surface, the base on plane combines.
Accompanying drawing 3 is used pressure, and the time, temperature curve has illustrated in the technical process of making sofa shell pressure, time, the requirement of temperature.
With 8.4 kilograms of the wood shavings pulverized, urea-formaldehyde resin adhesive 1.734 grams (solids content is 64%) are as adhesive by the formula rate requirement.Ammonium chloride 5 grams are as curing agent.Liquid paraffin 7 grams are as waterproofing agent.Silicic acid 18 grams are as releasing agent.After the mixing, stir.Get 9 kilograms of the raw materials that stir, pack into special equipment and mould give in the fixed space.The last operating cylinder of special equipment at first moves carry and reaches material level, and then four side operating cylinder quick-makes reach material level, and five station rising pressure reach 27kg/cm 2, instantaneous time produces high pressure retraction 24kg/cm 2The level pressure pressurize dropped to 18kg/cm in 2 minutes again 2, level pressure pressurize 6 minutes continues to be depressured to for the second time 14kg/cm 2, health pressurize 10 minutes, die sinking, liftout takes out the sofa shell of time processing moulding, processing overall process 20 minutes altogether.13.9 yuan of costs, and need use timber 0.045M with sofa shell of timber processing 3, 42.8 yuan of costs.
Accompanying drawing 4 has been described make-up machine mainly by frame (60), five operating cylinders (59), (68), (69), (70), (71) eject oil cylinder (61), the structure and the configuring condition of oil cylinder lifting (57).The maximum working pressure (MWP) 250kg/cm of main frame oil piping system 2, the upper cylinder half closing time is not more than 30 seconds, and the pressure oscillation during the work pressurize is not more than 2kg/cm 2, oily temperature rise value is not more than 60 ℃, and upper cylinder half operating cylinder piston range is 1100mm, and four side operating cylinder piston ranges are 400mm,
Accompanying drawing 5, accompanying drawing 6, accompanying drawing 7 has been described the electric automatic control circuit mainly by main circuit, control circuit, executive circuit, indicating circuit, holding circuit combination configuration forms.
1, main circuit: mainly by two threephase asynchronous 1D(17KW) is used for high-pressure oil pump power, 2D(5.5KW) is used for low pressure fuel pump power.Consider that many woodworking mills power transformer capacity is less, and the capacity of 1D is bigger, thereby has adopted automatic reduced-voltage starting.
2, control circuit: mainly by testing circuit, repeat circuit, the configuration of crawl combination of circuits forms.
1. the electro connecting pressure gauge in the testing circuit detects each cylinder pressure of indication, and gives when selecting pressure reaching, and sends the instruction of carrying out next program.Travel switch is accomplished bit instruction, and the time relay makes to guarantee time delayed signal.
2. the relaying change-over circuit is treated to the instruction that can make the oil cylinder correct operation by the connection combination of auxiliary reclay contact detecting the signal of sending here in the loop.
3. the crawl circuit mainly is made up of button (1DA-13DA).
3, executive circuit: executive component mainly is that the electromagnet DT of each oil circuit valve of control is controlled by the repeat circuit change-over circuit.
4, indicating circuit: establish " automatically " work indication and " crawl " work indication, the power supply indication utilizes the indicator lamp of automatic reduced-voltage starter.
5, holding circuit: air switch mainly decide circuit overloads and short-circuit protection, fuse are done the partial short-circuit protection, and electrothermal relay is made local overload protection, and pressure switch is made the pressure oil overpressure protection, and limit switch is as avoiding offside.
Accompanying drawing 8 has been described the operation program of electrical equipment and how have been controlled.
It is by high-pressure low-flow pump loop sets that accompanying drawing 9 has been described Hydraulic Power Transmission System, the low pressure and mass flow loop sets, and the liftout tank loop sets, five operating cylinder loop sets combine.
From accompanying drawing 5,6,7,8,9, electric control system has mainly been described, Hydraulic Power Transmission System formulated in combination situation has realized the working procedure that main frame automatically carries out work.
Total lock ZK that at first closes makes two threephase asynchronous 1D(17KW) and 2D(5.5KW) starting, after driving the high and low pressure oil pump and rotating, after appointing the air in idle cycle and the crawl adjustment discharge system, it is electric that (1DT) got, (7DT) simultaneously, (11DT) outage.Two oil pump output oil force the upper cylinder piston descending fast through 3-position 4-way electro-hydraulic reversing valve (13) commutation, when touching (2XK) switch, when just upper module will contact working surface, two kinds of requirements are arranged:
1, upper cylinder stops: (1DT) outage, and (3DT) simultaneously (5DT) must be electric, and fluid enters the main chamber of four side cylinders respectively through reversal valve (13), (15), make four oil cylinder F.F.s.Low pressure relief valve (9) is opened automatically when pressure surpasses the pressure of low pressure fuel pump (6), and low-lift pump is with automatic deloading.Only remaining high-pressure plunger pump (1) fuel feeding of system pressure, four side cylinders are exchanged work into by F.F., and full fashionable when four side cylinder master cavity pressures, operating pressure is 27kg/cm 2, electro connecting pressure gauge (2YB-G), pointer (3YB-G) all touch higher limit instruction (1DT) must be electric, (3DT), (5DT) outage, reversal valve (14), (15) close valve, and open (13), and promptly there is the double pump fuel feeding in system, and upper cylinder half has been realized F.F..When upper cylinder half pressure during greater than the output pressure of low-lift pump (6), low pressure relief valve is opened again, the low-lift pump off-load, this moment, the upper cylinder half piston was exchanged work into, and full fashionable when upper cylinder pressure, electro connecting pressure gauge (1YB-G) is when pointer touches higher limit, instruction (1DT) outage, (7DT), (11DT) electric, shrink pointer this moment and return voluntarily to drop to and be about 24kg/cm 2, pressurize time-delay beginning, two oil pump outputs are oily through overflow valve (3), (9) off-load, delay time after 2 minutes two position three way directional control valve (22), (23), (12DT) of (24), (8DT), (9DT) must be electric, (7DT) outage, the low discharge hydraulic oil reversal valve (22) of flowing through, (23), (24), open hydraulic control one-way valve (17), (18), (21), the hydraulic oil in main chamber is through adjustable throttling (25), (26), (27) release.When hydraulic oil drops to operating pressure 18kg/cm 2The time, electro connecting pressure gauge (1YB-G) (2YB-G), (3YB-G), all reaches lower limit, touches electro connecting pressure gauge and sends signal, and instruction (7DT) gets electric, and this moment, each main oil pocket entered secondary pressurize time-delay.Level pressure pressurize 6 minutes.In pressurize time-delay process, dropping to operating pressure as arbitrary oil pocket pressure is 18kg/cm 2The time, low pressure electro connecting pressure gauge (1YB-D), (2YB-D), (3YB-D) independently send signal respectively and make (1DT), (3DT), (5DT) again, make (7DT) outage simultaneously, reduction voltage loop has obtained the repairing supercharging, has realized that promptly the work pressurize is at 16-18kg/cm 2Technological requirement.This kind phenomenon reaches 6 minutes purpose of time-delay.At first make (12DT), (8DT), (9DT) must be electric, (7DT) outage is unloaded and is pressed onto operating pressure 14kg/cm 2, health pressurize 10 minutes, release again is when last table of (YB-D) touches zero point during pressure, instruction (7DT), (11DT), (12DT), (9DT), (8DT) full outage, make (2DT) simultaneously, (4DT), (6DT) must be electric, each loop oil cylinder piston resets.As (1XK), when (4XK) triggering, (7DT), (11DT) get electric off-load to 0 and press.Make reversal valve in the centre position, a circulation has been finished in work, before beginning second round simultaneously, must make (8XK), after (9XK) touching, just can carry out auto-action again.Need only press (2QA) or (3QA) if continue automatic circulation.
2, upper piston is exchanged work into by F.F., and promptly (2XK) triggers back (3DT), (5DT) must be electric, and (11DT) in former operating position, three loops, five operating cylinders advance with fast speeds simultaneously ...Later working procedure is the same.
3, when not needing the upper cylinder half action, before can making, after, a left side, right cylinder enters automatic circulation separately, and principle is the same.
It is by module (43) that accompanying drawing 10,11,12 has been described the sofa shell hot pressing die, material jacking mechanism (36), and module is position, back position limiting structure (35) surely; (37); (38), electric self-locking protecting device (39), (40); (41); stock stop (63), (64), (65); (41), combine.
Module is mainly by air inlet (45), and gas outlet (46), thermal insulation board (47), back of the body modular surface plate (48) combines.
Module surely back position position limiting structure by recessed (37), protruding (35), inclined-plane (38) are formed.Mainly play the extreme position that advances that limits each module.
Electric self-locking protecting device is mainly by microswitch (39), control stick (40), and sliding sleeve (41) combines.When in the annular groove of control stick in sliding sleeve, the entire circuit no power plays the effect of protection equipment.
Stock stop is mainly by material blocking block (63), leading screw (64), and handwheel (65), sliding sleeve (41) combines.Before hot pressing die is reinforced, rotate handwheel earlier screw mandrel drive sliding sleeve is advanced, promote material blocking block and be close on the corresponding module, and then make the module action.Prevent that raw material from leaking outside.
Accompanying drawing 13 has been described the operating cylinder elevating mechanism mainly by elevating screw (49), lifting screw (53), bearing (51), (52), (55), bearing block (54), garden bevel gear (53), garden bevel gear shaft (56), casing (67), gear bush (58), operating cylinder (59) combines.Rotate garden bevel gear shaft (56) with spanner and make on the elevating screw, following motion promotes on the oil cylinder, moves down.Reach the purpose of adjusting Mould's Pressure Center.

Claims (23)

1, a kind of particle moulding time processing goods are molded in the raw material of these goods and contain wood shavings, adhesive, curing agent, waterproofing agent, releasing agent, it is characterized in that the content ratio of each composition is as follows in the raw material:
Wood shavings: adhesive is 1: 0.08~0.17,
Adhesive: curing agent is 1: 0.003~0.005,
Waterproofing agent, releasing agent is an amount of,
Become by the mold pressing time processing have various songs, the goods of flat and stereo moulding and ridge design pattern.
2, according to the described particle moulding time processing of claim 1 goods, it is characterized in that the wood shavings in the raw material can replace with farming, forestry products leftover bits and pieces, as: cotton bavin bar, square metre bar, peanut shell, bagasse etc.
3, according to claim 1 or 2 described particle moulding time processing goods, it is characterized in that adhesive can be urea-formaldehyde resin adhesive or phenolic resin glue etc.
4, according to claim 1 or 2 described particle moulding time processing goods, it is characterized in that using ammonium chloride, oxalic acid, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid etc. one of them as curing agent.
5,, it is characterized in that waterproofing agent can select liquid paraffin or sodium metasilicate etc. for use according to claim 1 or 2 described particle moulding time processing goods.
6,, it is characterized in that releasing agent can select tannic acid or sodium metasilicate etc. for use according to claim 1 or 2 described particle moulding time processing goods.
7, according to claim 1 or 2 described particle moulding time processing goods, it is characterized in that the goods of various songs, flat and stereo moulding are meant various sofas, tables and chairs housing, containers such as various basins, bucket, cylinder, various box body combinations furniture.
8, the manufacture method of particle moulding time processing goods, at first by the prescription batching, in special equipment quantitatively, fixed thickly mat formation, after the upper cylinder half carry of equipment reaches material level, four side cylinders also carry reach material level fast, it is characterized in that five station oil cylinders are increased the raw material that paves simultaneously to be pressed onto the 25-30 kilograms per centimeter 2, and to have instantaneous pressure to retract to pressure be the 20-25 kilograms per centimeter 2, through level pressure, pressurize 0.5-5 minute, step-down for the first time, and the pressurize of retraction level pressure, again after step-down for the second time, the pressurize health, die sinking, liftout, goods are taken out in discharging.
9,, it is characterized in that being depressured to pressure for the first time is the 16-20 kilograms per centimeter according to the manufacture method of the described particle moulding time processing of claim 8 goods 2, retraction level pressure, dwell time are 5-10 minute.
10,, it is characterized in that being depressured to pressure for the second time is the 8-16 kilograms per centimeter according to the manufacture method of the described particle moulding time processing of claim 8 goods 2, the time of pressurize, health is 8-16 minute.
11, making the special equipment of particle moulding time processing goods, it is characterized in that it is a kind of six to five station songs, the automatically controlled fully automatic hydraulic equipment of flat and stereo mold pressing one-shot forming, is by the critical piece frame, operating cylinder ejects oil cylinder, oil cylinder lifting, electrical control cabinet, Hydraulic Station, hot pressing die, combine, operating cylinder is installed in the end face of frame respectively, and four sides eject the bottom surface of oil cylinder in frame, the elevating mechanism of operating cylinder is contained on the following frame of side oil cylinder.
12; special equipment according to the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 11 time processing goods; it is characterized in that electrical control cabinet is equipped with automatic electrical control system; mainly containing five partial circuits forms; 1. main circuit: mainly combine by two threephase asynchronous machines; 2. control circuit; 3. indicating circuit: mainly combine by " automatically " and " crawl " relay indicating light; 4. holding circuit: mainly by electrothermal relay; pressure switch; limit switch combines; 5. executive circuit: by the electromagnet DT(1DT-13DT of each oil circuit valve of control), combine.
13, according to the special equipment of claim 11 or 12 said manufacturing particle moulding time processing goods, it is characterized in that control circuit by repeat circuit (1J-24J), and testing circuit (1XK-9XK, 1ST-6ST), crawl circuit (1DA-13DA), the circuit of combination configuration.
14, according to the special equipment of the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 11 time processing goods, it is characterized in that Hydraulic Station, it is Hydraulic Power Transmission System, mainly form by four loop sets combination configurations, 1. high-pressure low-flow oil pump loop group: (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), 2. low pressure and mass flow loop sets: (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), 3. operating cylinder loop sets, 4. eject the oil cylinder loop sets: (11), (12) combine.
15, special equipment according to the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 14 time processing goods, it is characterized in that the operating cylinder loop sets is by three three position four-way electromagnetic valves (13), (14), (15), six hydraulic control one-way valves (16), (17), (18), (19), (20), (21), three two position three-way valves (22), (23), (24), three adjustable throttlings (25), (26), (27), five electro connecting pressure gauges (28), (29), (30), (31), (32), two collection flow dividers (33), (34), the combination configuration forms.
16, according to the special equipment of the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 11 time processing goods; it is characterized in that hot pressing die is mainly by module (43); material jacking mechanism (36); module is position, back position limiting structure (35), (37), (38) surely; electric self-locking protecting device (39), (40), (41), stock stop (63), (64), (65) combine, and module is separately fixed at top board (42); edge mold pressing head (66) is on the workbench (44).
17, according to the special equipment of the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 16 time processing goods, the module that it is characterized in that hot pressing die mainly contains into heat medium mouth (45), goes out heat medium mouth (46), thermal insulation board (47), back of the body modular surface plate (48) combines.
18, according to the special equipment of the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 17 time processing goods, the heat medium that it is characterized in that entering module can be water or steam or oil, the working surface temperature of module remains between 110 ℃-170 ℃, 130 ℃-140 ℃ optimum temperatures for processing wood shavings goods.
19,, it is characterized in that the back surely position of module position limiting structure is that module groove (37) has boss (35) and the front end in two sides to have inclined-plane (37) and front module inclined-plane (38) to constitute the position limiting structure of four side modules jointly with module rear end, two sides in the back according to the special equipment of the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 16 time processing goods.
20, according to the special equipment of the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 16 time processing goods, it is characterized in that stock stop is to be combined by material blocking block (63), sliding sleeve (41), leading screw (64), handwheel (65), stock stop is installed on the bed die.
21, according to the special equipment of the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 16 time processing goods; it is characterized in that the electrical equipment self-locking protecting device is by microswitch (39); control stick (40), sliding sleeve (41) combines and is installed on the stock stop, and stock stop is installed on the bed die.
22, special equipment according to the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 11 time processing goods, it is characterized in that oil cylinder lifting is by elevating screw (49), lifting screw (53), bearing (51), (52), (55), bearing block (54), garden bevel gear (50), garden bevel gear shaft (56), casing (67), gear bush (58), the mechanism that main part is in addition formed, the hole of lifting screw (53) cooperates with elevating screw (49), garden bevel gear (50) and bearing (51) are equipped with in the outside, (52), bearing (51), (52) be contained in the bearing block, bearing block is fixed on the casing, and the axial region of garden bevel gear shaft (56) cooperates with geared sleeve, gear parts and garden bevel gear (50) engagement, the elevating screw top connects with oil cylinder (59).
23, according to the special equipment of the said manufacturing particle moulding of claim 11 time processing goods, it is characterized in that the operating cylinder single-cylinder pressure between the 100-200 ton, the operating pressure of liftout tank is between the 25-40 ton.
CN 87103724 1987-05-23 1987-05-23 Method and special equipment for one-shot shavings-moulded products CN1011675B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 87103724 CN1011675B (en) 1987-05-23 1987-05-23 Method and special equipment for one-shot shavings-moulded products

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 87103724 CN1011675B (en) 1987-05-23 1987-05-23 Method and special equipment for one-shot shavings-moulded products

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN87103724A true CN87103724A (en) 1988-02-24
CN1011675B CN1011675B (en) 1991-02-20

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 87103724 CN1011675B (en) 1987-05-23 1987-05-23 Method and special equipment for one-shot shavings-moulded products

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100393494C (en) * 2005-12-22 2008-06-11 昆明人造板机器厂 Technological method and device for wood particle-moulding tray
CN102555003A (en) * 2012-01-11 2012-07-11 宁波大世界家具研发有限公司 Integral wooden door made of wood fiber composite materials
CN102202847B (en) * 2008-11-04 2013-09-18 热成型荷兰股份有限公司 A method for producing a wood wool construction element, a construction element obtained therewith and a production facility therefore
CN104011399A (en) * 2012-01-25 2014-08-27 萱场工业株式会社 Circuit pressure control apparatus, hydraulic pressure control circuit using this circuit pressure control apparatus, and hydraulic pressure control circuit of construction equipment
CN104786338A (en) * 2014-01-21 2015-07-22 张双保 Technology for producing wood particle mould pressed product

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100393494C (en) * 2005-12-22 2008-06-11 昆明人造板机器厂 Technological method and device for wood particle-moulding tray
CN102202847B (en) * 2008-11-04 2013-09-18 热成型荷兰股份有限公司 A method for producing a wood wool construction element, a construction element obtained therewith and a production facility therefore
CN102555003A (en) * 2012-01-11 2012-07-11 宁波大世界家具研发有限公司 Integral wooden door made of wood fiber composite materials
CN102555003B (en) * 2012-01-11 2015-08-05 宁波大世界家具研发有限公司 The integrated wooden door that a kind of Wood Fiber Composites makes
CN104011399A (en) * 2012-01-25 2014-08-27 萱场工业株式会社 Circuit pressure control apparatus, hydraulic pressure control circuit using this circuit pressure control apparatus, and hydraulic pressure control circuit of construction equipment
CN104786338A (en) * 2014-01-21 2015-07-22 张双保 Technology for producing wood particle mould pressed product

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