CN2937842Y - Combined garbage burner - Google Patents

Combined garbage burner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2937842Y
CN2937842Y CN 200620072193 CN200620072193U CN2937842Y CN 2937842 Y CN2937842 Y CN 2937842Y CN 200620072193 CN200620072193 CN 200620072193 CN 200620072193 U CN200620072193 U CN 200620072193U CN 2937842 Y CN2937842 Y CN 2937842Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fire grate
combined
framework
grate
vertical well
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200620072193
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾小琴
沈解忠
李�荣
徐德军
Original Assignee
无锡华光锅炉股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 无锡华光锅炉股份有限公司 filed Critical 无锡华光锅炉股份有限公司
Priority to CN 200620072193 priority Critical patent/CN2937842Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2937842Y publication Critical patent/CN2937842Y/en

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Abstract

Integrated garbage incinerator belongs to combustion equipment, in particular to a fire grate with modified width and arrangement to easily group combustion equipment of different treating capability. According to the design scheme of the utility model, a fire grate frame is provided with a plurality of fire grate beams, connects fire grate with each fire grate beam respectively to form a grouped fire grate, the arrangement of the grouped fire grate is of inclining appearance downward. As employing the grouped fire grate and realizing automatic discharge, the utility model is safety, reliable, easy being maintained, is of clean working environment without pollution, long lifetime and so on, conveniently realizes the resource, decrement, innocent treatment of each type of household garbage, part solid state industrial refuse, is of great progress for the state to establish environmental protection type town.

Description

The combined type garbage combustion device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of combustion apparatus, is a kind of by the width of adjustment fire grate and the group number of fire grate specifically, can be combined into the garbage fired boiler combustion apparatus of different garbage treatment quantities easily.
Background technology
Existing garbage combustion device just designs at a certain garbage treatment quantity usually, occurs garbage disposal quantity not sufficient or not enough situation sometimes, can not well make full use of incinerator and raise the efficiency and save resource.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to design a kind of combined type garbage combustion device, by the width of adjustment fire grate and the group number of fire grate, can be combined into the novel combustion apparatus of different garbage treatment quantities easily.
According to design provided by the utility model, several fire grate beams are installed on the fire grate framework, on each fire grate beam, connect fire grate segment respectively, constitute a combined fire grate, this combined fire grate is downward-sloping shape and arranges.
There is the charging gear that is installed on the steelframe in import department in the combined fire grate upper end that tilts, and connection hopper on charging gear is equipped with at the port of export of charging gear and is used for material is pushed scraping wings on the combined fire grate.There is the tail vertical well that is installed on the steelframe in the exit of combined fire grate lower end, is connected with mucking machine in the lower end of tail vertical well (10).
In the bottom of fire grate framework some guide rails are installed, the support wheel assembly is installed on the framework below the fire grate framework, guide rail rollably rests on the support wheel assembly.At the port of export of combined fire grate horizontal reciprocating furnace grate is installed, this horizontal reciprocating furnace grate equally by the fire grate framework, be installed in several fire grate beams on the fire grate framework, and the fire grate segment that is installed on each fire grate beam is formed; In horizontal reciprocating furnace grate, at the bottom of fire grate framework connecting crank linkage.
Below combined fire grate, be connected to a plurality of air compartments, connect dust leg after the bottom reducing of each air compartment, be connected with the ash-removing valve that is installed on the spiral ash ejector in the lower end of each dust leg, be installed on the port of export of the spiral ash ejector on the steelframe and be connected with tail vertical well on being installed on steelframe, this tail vertical well is positioned at the lower end of combined fire grate; Manhole door is equipped with on top in tail vertical well, connects little airduct on each air compartment, and each little airduct is connected with blast pipe respectively, connects air register on little airduct respectively, and blast pipe links to each other with the heat exchanger of boiler tail.
Be the adiabatic furnace that combines by forward and backward arch and side wall above combined fire grate, torch oil gun and auxiliary oil gun are installed at the side wall position of adiabatic furnace.
The utility model is owing to adopted the combined type fire grate and realized the automatic discharging of lime-ash, have safe and reliable, advantages such as maintenance is simple, working environment cleanliness without any pollution, long service life, realized easily various house refuses, the resource of the solid-state industrial refuse of part, minimizing, harmless treatment are set up the environment-friendly type cities and towns to country and had great progradation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural front view.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of A among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the utility model structure partial enlarged drawing.
The specific embodiment
The utility model mainly is made up of parts such as hopper 1, charging gear 2, fire grate transmission device 3, combined fire grate 4, blast pipe 5, air compartment 6, air register 7, ash-removing valve 8, spiral ash ejector 9, tail vertical well 10, mucking machine 11, adiabatic furnace 12, torch oil gun 13, auxiliary oil gun 14, manhole door 15, scraping wings 16, sewage collection equipment 17, fire grate segment 18, fire grate beam 19, fire grate framework 20, guide rail 21, support wheel assembly 22, toggles 23.
As shown in the figure: several fire grate beams 19 are installed on fire grate framework 20, are connected fire grate segment 18 respectively on each fire grate beam 19, constitute a combined fire grate 4, this combined fire grate 4 is downward-sloping shape and arranges.There is the charging gear 2 that is installed on the steelframe in import department in combined fire grate 4 upper ends that tilt, and connection hopper 1 on charging gear 2 is equipped with the scraping wings 16 that is used for material pushed on the combined fire grate 4 at the port of export of charging gear 2.There is the tail vertical well 10 that is installed on the steelframe in the exit of combined fire grate 4 lower ends, is connected with mucking machine 11 in the lower end of tail vertical well 10.
Some guide rails 21 are installed in the bottom of fire grate framework 20, support wheel assembly 22 is installed on the framework below fire grate framework 20, guide rail 21 rollably rests on the support wheel assembly 22.At the port of export of combined fire grate 4 horizontal reciprocating furnace grate is installed, this horizontal reciprocating furnace grate equally by fire grate framework 20, be installed in several fire grate beams 19 on the fire grate framework 20, and the fire grate segment 18 that is installed on each fire grate beam 19 is formed; In horizontal reciprocating furnace grate, at the bottom of fire grate framework 20 connecting crank linkage 23.
Below combined fire grate 4, be connected to a plurality of air compartments 6, connect dust leg after the bottom reducing of each air compartment 6, be connected with the ash-removing valve 8 that is installed on the spiral ash ejector 9 in the lower end of each dust leg, be installed on the port of export of the spiral ash ejector 9 on the steelframe and be connected with tail vertical well 10 on being installed on steelframe, this tail vertical well 10 is positioned at the lower end of combined fire grate 4; On the top of tail vertical well 10 manhole door 15 is housed, connects little airduct on each air compartment 6, each little airduct is connected with blast pipe 5 respectively, connects air register 7 on little airduct respectively, and blast pipe 5 links to each other with the heat exchanger of boiler tail.Be the adiabatic furnace 12 that combines by forward and backward arch and side wall above combined fire grate 4, torch oil gun 13 and auxiliary oil gun 14 are installed at the side wall position of adiabatic furnace 12.
The operation principle of the present utility model and the course of work: rubbish enters charging gear 2 through hopper 1, by scraping wings 16 rubbish is pushed burner hearth.Feeding coal can be regulated by the speed and the stroke that change scraping wings 16.The sewage collection equipment 18 of scraping wings 16 bottoms inserts cesspool with the water seepage of rubbish by conduit.
The quantity of hydraulically powered fire grate transmission device is decided by garbage treatment quantity, general 350t/d and following usefulness 2 covers, and 350t/d is above with 3 or 4 covers.Combined fire grate 4 is places of waste incineration, the rubbish that enters from scraping wings 16 slowly moves to afterbody on combined fire grate 4, fall into mucking machine 11 through tail vertical well 10 after in this process, drying, catching fire, burn, burn, release outside the stove through the push pedal of mucking machine 11 again.The fire grate segment of combined fire grate 4 has stronger upset and agitaion to rubbish, abundant burning to rubbish is highly beneficial, rubbish rolls when burning to combined fire grate 4 rear portions, combustible burns substantially, the dough center that only some does not in time scatter or moisture content is higher is also more residual, show as flourishing state, these do not burn material and enter horizontal reciprocating furnace grate near tail vertical well 10 with cinder and burn away and cool off, the horizontal reciprocating furnace grate incline direction is consistent with the direction of the combined fire grate 4 of front portion, makes things convenient for the discharge of lime-ash.The reciprocating motion of fire grate framework 20 realizes by the hydraulically powered toggle 23 of fire grate both sides.18 pairs of fire grate segments are in the state of burning during actual motion rubbish and lime-ash have certain upset fragmentation, and rubbish was burnt before entering mucking machine 11 completely.The hot burn decrement rate of cinder reaches fully among the GB/T18750 " consumer waste incineration boiler " and is not more than 3%~5% national standard after tested.Combined fire grate 4 each parts can carry out dismounting easily, to satisfy the instructions for use of different garbage treatment quantities, by the width of adjustment fire grate and the group number of fire grate, can be combined into the combustion apparatus of the different garbage treatment quantities from 150t/d to 800t/d easily.
The required hot-air of incineration firing inserts by blast pipe 5, air register 7 and little airduct from the boiler tail heat exchanger.Blast in each air compartment 6 can be regulated separately, to adapt to the difference of every section institute of waste incineration required airflow.Close during ash-removing valve 8 operations, to keep the blast of air compartment 6, the thin ash that leaks down in the gap by fire grate segment 19 during combined fire grate 4 motions reaches the air inlet bottom of air compartment 6 and piles up in dust leg, open ash-removing valve 8 after operation a period of time and put ash, thin ash falls into below spiral ash ejector 9 from dust leg, by the promotion of screw rod in the spiral ash ejector 9, thin ash is slowly pushed in the mucking machine 11, outside the cinder that tumbles on thin ash and the combined fire grate 4 is pushed together and comes out of the stove.Feed cooling water in the mucking machine 11, make the lime-ash cooling on the one hand, the scene does not produce dust during deslagging; Realized the water seal effect of burner hearth on the other hand, prevented that the outer cold air of stove from entering burner hearth and influencing incineration firing.By the Union Movement of spiral ash ejector 9 and mucking machine 11, realized the automatic discharging of lime-ash.
The front and back arch of adiabatic furnace 12 is formed by the cast of the bitch on the backplate by castable refractory, and both walls is built by laying bricks or stones with the refractory brick of high-temperature corrosion resistance, high abrasion and formed.The rear arch gradient is low and big to the hiding rare of fire grate, forces high-temperature flue gas forward, accelerates the oven dry ignition speed of rubbish.Using the purpose of adiabatic furnace 12 is to keep the furnace temperature of combustion zone as far as possible, satisfies among the GB/T18485 " consumer waste incineration pollution control criterion " requirement about " flue gas stops more than 2 seconds in the zone that is higher than 850 ℃ ".
The combustibles such as firewood that are put on the combined fire grate 4 are lighted in 13 startings of boiler when starting torch oil gun, treat that furnace temperature rises to a certain degree after, rubbish begins charging, torch oil gun 13 is closed after the rubbish smooth combustion, begins to realize the continuous burning of rubbish this moment.The main effect of auxiliary oil gun 14 is to keep furnace temperature, in the most of the time of boiler operatiopn, reach design load and under the situation that the storage fermentation more than three days, moisture content are no more than design load as refuse thermal value, furnace temperature can be controlled by regulating combustion process, and this moment, auxiliary oil gun 14 need not opened; On the low side or rubbish is without fermentation, fire box temperature was on the low side when moisture content was too high when refuse thermal value, and when not reaching national standard, auxiliary oil gun 14 is opened automatically, and the burning by oil improves fire box temperature, satisfies national requirements for environmental protection.
Manhole door 15 is made installation and maintenance usefulness, closes during boiler operatiopn.The peephole of opening in the middle of the manhole door 15 is convenient to the operations staff combustion case is observed.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of combined type garbage combustion device, it is characterized in that: go up at fire grate framework (20) several fire grate beams (19) are installed, connect fire grate segment (18) respectively on each fire grate beam (19), constitute a combined fire grate (4), this combined fire grate (4) is downward-sloping shape and arranges.
2, combined type garbage combustion device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: there is the charging gear (2) that is installed on the steelframe in the import department in combined fire grate (4) upper end that tilts, connection hopper (1) on charging gear (2), the scraping wings (16) that is used for material pushed on the combined fire grate (4) is installed at the port of export of charging gear (2), there is the tail vertical well (10) that is installed on the steelframe in the exit of combined fire grate (4) lower end, is connected with mucking machine (11) in the lower end of tail vertical well (10).
3, combined type garbage combustion device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: some guide rails (21) are installed in the bottom of fire grate framework (20), support wheel assembly (22) is installed on the framework below fire grate framework (20), and guide rail (21) rollably rests on the support wheel assembly (22).
4, combined type garbage combustion device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the port of export at combined fire grate (4) is installed horizontal reciprocating furnace grate, this horizontal reciprocating furnace grate equally by fire grate framework (20), be installed in several fire grate beams (19) on the fire grate framework (20), and the fire grate segment (18) that is installed on each fire grate beam (19) is formed; In horizontal reciprocating furnace grate, at the bottom of fire grate framework (20) connecting crank linkage (23).
5, combined type garbage combustion device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: below combined fire grate (4), be connected to a plurality of air compartments (6), connect dust leg after the bottom reducing of each air compartment (6), be connected with the ash-removing valve (8) that is installed on the spiral ash ejector (9) in the lower end of each dust leg, be installed on the port of export of the spiral ash ejector (9) on the steelframe and be connected with tail vertical well (10) on being installed on steelframe, this tail vertical well (10) is positioned at the lower end of combined fire grate (4); On the top of tail vertical well (10) manhole door (15) is housed, go up the little airduct of connection at each air compartment (6), each little airduct is connected with blast pipe (5) respectively, connects air register (7) on little airduct respectively, and blast pipe (5) links to each other with the heat exchanger of boiler tail.
6, combined type garbage combustion device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in the top of combined fire grate (4) is the adiabatic furnace (12) that is combined by forward and backward arch and side wall, and torch oil gun (13) and auxiliary oil gun (14) are installed at the side wall position of adiabatic furnace (12).
CN 200620072193 2006-04-04 2006-04-04 Combined garbage burner CN2937842Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620072193 CN2937842Y (en) 2006-04-04 2006-04-04 Combined garbage burner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620072193 CN2937842Y (en) 2006-04-04 2006-04-04 Combined garbage burner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2937842Y true CN2937842Y (en) 2007-08-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2937842Y (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102042597A (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-05-04 常州市三信环保设备有限公司 Household garbage incineration and flue gas processing system and method for processing household garbage
CN102607037A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-07-25 光大环保科技发展(北京)有限公司 Multistage hydraulic mechanical garbage incinerator and control method for same
CN103486596A (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-01-01 常熟市新晨机械厂 Garbage incinerator
CN105066142A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-11-18 广西秀美壮乡能源环保有限公司 Garbage incinerator
CN107300183A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-10-27 珠海市云筒环保科技有限公司 A kind of waste incinerator shaftless screw material-pulling device
CN107543171A (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-01-05 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Waste incinerator is fed the construction method of module and fire grate module under the confined space

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102042597A (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-05-04 常州市三信环保设备有限公司 Household garbage incineration and flue gas processing system and method for processing household garbage
CN102042597B (en) * 2010-12-10 2012-08-22 江苏三信环保设备有限公司 Household garbage incineration and flue gas processing system and method for processing household garbage
CN102607037A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-07-25 光大环保科技发展(北京)有限公司 Multistage hydraulic mechanical garbage incinerator and control method for same
WO2013149479A1 (en) * 2012-04-01 2013-10-10 光大环保科技发展(北京)有限公司 Multi-stage hydraulic mechanical garbage incinerator and control method therefor
CN102607037B (en) * 2012-04-01 2014-05-14 光大环保科技发展(北京)有限公司 Multistage hydraulic mechanical garbage incinerator and control method for same
CN103486596A (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-01-01 常熟市新晨机械厂 Garbage incinerator
CN105066142A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-11-18 广西秀美壮乡能源环保有限公司 Garbage incinerator
CN107543171A (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-01-05 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Waste incinerator is fed the construction method of module and fire grate module under the confined space
CN107543171B (en) * 2016-06-28 2019-07-30 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Waste incinerator is fed the construction method of module and fire grate module under the confined space
CN107300183A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-10-27 珠海市云筒环保科技有限公司 A kind of waste incinerator shaftless screw material-pulling device
WO2019037390A1 (en) * 2017-08-25 2019-02-28 珠海市云筒环保科技有限公司 Shaftless helical pushing device of garbage incinerator

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Designer after: Gu Xiaoqin

Designer after: Shen Jiezhong

Designer after: Li Rong

Designer after: Xu Dejun

Designer before: Gu Xiaoqin

Designer before: Shen Jiezhong

Designer before: Li Rong

Designer before: Xu Dejun

C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: DESIGNER; FROM: GU XIAOQIN; SHEN JIEZHONG; LI RONG; XU DEJUN TO: GU XIAOQIN; SHEN JIEZHONG; LI RONG; XU DEJUN

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20070822