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CN2844478Y - Super-large power wind equipment - Google Patents

Super-large power wind equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2844478Y
CN2844478Y CNU2005200420019U CN200520042001U CN2844478Y CN 2844478 Y CN2844478 Y CN 2844478Y CN U2005200420019 U CNU2005200420019 U CN U2005200420019U CN 200520042001 U CN200520042001 U CN 200520042001U CN 2844478 Y CN2844478 Y CN 2844478Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wind
cylindrical
tower
polyethylene
ultra
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CNU2005200420019U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张少良
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张少良
张玥
左晓丽
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Priority to CNU2005200420019U priority Critical patent/CN2844478Y/en
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Publication of CN2844478Y publication Critical patent/CN2844478Y/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

The utility model relates to a super-large wind power mill which comprises wind wheels. The utility model is characterized in that the outsides of the wind wheels are sheathed with a cylindrical tower-shaped wind gathering device, and the wind wheels are positioned on a shaft line on the inner side of the cylindrical tower-shaped wind gathering device. The cylindrical tower-shaped wind gathering device is cylindrical wind gathering covers which are covered on the outside of the wind wheels, the cylindrical peripheries of the cylindrical wind gathering covers are provided with a plurality of wind channels which are in horizontal rotating horn forms from the outside to the inside. The wind wheels are formed by the continuous arrangement of a plurality of wind catcher circumferences. Wind outlets on the inner side of the wind channels of the cylindrical wind gathering covers are provided with wind power regulating roller shutters. The cylindrical tower-shaped wind gathering device is formed by the superposition of a plurality of cylindrical wind gathering covers, and the number of the cylindrical wind gathering covers is equal to the number of the wind wheels in the cylindrical wind gathering covers. The utility model has the advantages that the cylindrical tower-shaped wind gathering device is used, not only the wind direction of any direction can be supported by omnidirection, but also a wind gathering function is provided, and thus large power can be realized; meanwhile, the low wind speed areas can also use the wind energy and the using region is enlarged.

Description

一种超大功率的风力机 An ultra-high-power wind turbine

技术领域 FIELD

:本实用新型涉及一种风力机,特别涉及一种超大功率的风力机。 : The present invention relates to a wind turbine, and particularly relates to an ultra-high-power wind turbine.

背景技术 Background technique

:风力能是人类最早利用的古老能源之一,风力机是风能转换的机械。 : Wind energy is one of the earliest human use of old energy, wind turbine is a wind energy conversion machinery. 已有的风力机绝大多数是水平轴旋转浆式,近期也有垂直轴叶轮式的风力机发表,但它们的共同点是功率较小,从可查到的资料可知,在国内一般没有突破兆瓦级,国际上截止2004年已有兆瓦级的风力机,也只在5兆瓦以下,与火电、水电机组无法比拟。 The vast majority of existing wind turbines are horizontal axis paddle, recently vertical axis wind turbine impeller is published, but they have in common is a small power, seen from the data can be found in the country generally do not break trillion watts, the international deadline for 2004 has been megawatt wind turbine, only 5 megawatts or less, and thermal power, hydropower units can not match. 另外就是风力及风向多变不易控制,给使用带来不少麻烦;所以虽是绿色、免费能源,但一直以来也只能处在新能源的范畴。 The other is the wind and the wind changing difficult to control, to use a lot of trouble; so although green, free energy, but it has been only in the context of new energy sources. 人们知道水能的利用是筑坝蓄势,从而将低能量的水变为高能量的水能,也将水流的方向变为唯一的一个方向(由原来的散流变为从射流孔泄出)。 It is known that use of water dam is ready, so that the water becomes a low-energy high-energy water, also the direction of flow becomes only one direction (from the original bulk to escape from the jet holes rheological ). 风能就无法筑坝蓄势了,也就无法把它拦截起来,所以大规模利用它的难度很大。 Wind energy can not dam ready, and it will not be able to intercept them, so the large-scale use it a lot more difficult.

发明内容 SUMMARY

:本实用新型的目的在于提供一种超大功率的风力机。 : The object of the invention is to provide an ultra-high-power wind turbine. 为了实现上述目的,本实用新型的技术方案为设计一种风力机,包括风轮,其特征在于:在风轮外侧套有筒塔形聚风装置,风轮位于筒塔形聚风装置内侧的轴线上。 To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention for the design of a wind turbine comprising a wind turbine, wherein: the wind turbine tubular tower with a polyethylene outer sheath air means located in the wind turbine tubular tower wind-side of the device on the axis. 筒塔形聚风装置为罩在风轮外的圆筒形聚风罩,在圆筒形聚风罩的筒周设置有多个风道,风道从外向内呈水平旋转向喇叭形。 Poly wind tower cylinder means is a cylindrical polyethylene wind hood outside of the rotor, provided on periphery of the cylindrical cylinder housing with a plurality of wind-air duct, the air duct horizontally outward from the rotating horn. 风轮的圆周上连续排列有多个风斗。 Are successively arranged on the circumference of the rotor has a plurality of winds. 风斗为旋转向设置的斗状物,其开口对应于圆筒形聚风罩的风道出风口。 Wind scoop is rotated in the hopper was provided, which opening corresponds to the cylindrical hood polyethylene wind passage air outlet. 在圆筒形聚风罩的风道的内侧出风口处设置有风力调节卷帘。 The air outlet is provided with adjustable shutter wind duct inside a cylindrical hood of polyethylene. 风道的外侧入风口的截面积远大于内侧出风口的截面积。 The outside air inlet duct is much larger than the inner cross-sectional area of ​​the outlet cross-sectional area. 筒塔形聚风装置由多个圆筒形聚风罩相叠加构成。 Wind tower polyethylene tube means by a plurality of cylindrical hood polyethylene superposed configuration. 筒塔形聚风装置内的风轮个数与圆筒形聚风罩的个数相对应。 The number of the rotor and the cylindrical inner cylindrical tower wind-poly hood means corresponding to the number. 本实用新型的优点是使用筒塔状的聚风装置,既可以全方位承接任何方向的风向,又有聚风功能。 The advantage of the present invention is a polyethylene wind tower apparatus using the cartridge, either following a full wind in any direction, but also wind-function. 而因为聚风作用(依据流体力学原理)增大了风力和风速,使得大功率成为可能,同时使得低风速区域也可以利用风能了,扩大了使用地域。 And because it gathered the wind effect (according to the principles of fluid mechanics) increased wind and wind speed, making it possible to power, while allowing low wind speed areas can also use wind energy, and expand the use of geographical. 在聚风罩风道口的内侧出风口处设置有风力调节卷帘。 The air outlet is provided inside the hood polyethylene wind has a wind crossing adjusting shutter. 将测速装置所测风速值与设定值的比较值作为指令进行风力调节,可保证风力机转速基本稳定。 Comparing the measured value of the speed measuring device and the set value of the wind speed as the wind adjustment instruction, can ensure stable rotational speed of the wind.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

:图1为本实用新型一实施例的示意图图2为聚风罩的立体示意图图3为本实用新型的风轮只安装单个风斗时的立体示意图。 : FIG. 1 a perspective view illustrating the embodiment of FIG. 2 is a perspective schematic view of the novel wind turbine mounting only a single poly winds hood 3 is a perspective schematic view of the present practical utility.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

:下面结合附图和实施例对本实用新型进一步的描述。 : DRAWINGS Further disclosure and description of the present embodiment.

图中包括风轮1,其特征在于:在风轮1外侧套有筒塔形聚风装置2,风轮1位于筒塔形聚风装置2内侧的轴线上。 FIG 1 includes a wind turbine, wherein: the cartridge has gathered the wind tower 2 in the wind turbine apparatus 1 outer cover, the wind turbine tubular tower 1 is located on the axis of the wind-2 inside the apparatus. 筒塔形聚风装置2为罩在风轮1外的圆筒形聚风罩3,在圆筒形聚风罩3的筒周设置有多个风道4,风道4从外向内呈水平旋转向喇叭形。 Wind tower polyethylene tube device 2 is housed in the rotor a cylindrical outer polyethylene hood 3, the periphery of the cylindrical polyethylene tube hood 3 is provided with a plurality of air passage 4, the air duct 4 from the outside in a horizontal rotating the horn. 风轮1的圆周上连续排列有多个风斗5。 On the circumference of the rotor 1 are arranged in a plurality of successive winds 5. 风斗5为旋转向设置的斗状物,其开口6对应于圆筒形聚风罩3的风道4内侧出风口7。 5 is rotated in the wind scoop hopper was provided, corresponding to the opening 6 of the cylindrical wind-air passage 4 inside the air outlet 7 of the cover 3. 在圆筒形聚风罩3的风道4的内侧出风口7处设置有风力调节卷帘8。 Poly cylindrical hood 3 of the inner duct 4 from outlet 7 is provided with a wind adjustment shutter 8. 风道4的外侧入风口9的截面积远大于内侧出风口7的截面积。 4 outside of the air inlet duct 9 is much larger than the cross sectional area of ​​the inner cross-sectional area of ​​the outlet 7. 筒塔形聚风装置2由多个圆筒形聚风罩3相叠加构成。 Poly wind tower cylinder means 2 comprises a plurality of cylindrical wind-cover 3 is superimposed configuration. 筒塔形聚风装置2内的风轮1个数与圆筒形聚风罩2的个数相对应。 Poly cylindrical tower wind wind turbine apparatus 1 and the number 2 in cylindrical poly hood 2 corresponds to the number.

风经风道4的作用后,无论什么方向的风经过圆筒形聚风罩3后都变成同一方向水平旋转风,且风速和风力都大大增加。 After the effect of the wind through the duct 4, no matter what the direction of the air through a cylindrical polyethylene hood 3 after the same have become horizontally rotating wind, and the wind speed and have greatly increased. 为了与圆筒形聚风罩3相匹配,风轮1上的风叶5可作成类似碗、斗状的形式,即风轮1的风斗5为一开口容器,除了朝向风道4的内侧出风口7那一面具有开口6外,其余几个面均为密封的。 3 to match the cylindrical hood polyethylene, on the rotor blades 5 can be made similar to a bowl, bucket-like form, i.e., wind the wind turbine bucket 1 of an opening of the container 5, except toward the inside of the duct 4 that side of the outlet 7 has an opening 6, the rest are several sealing surface. 图3表示了只安装一个风斗5的风轮1。 FIG 3 shows only one wind bucket 5 is mounted to the wind turbine 1. 当圆筒形聚风罩3风道4内的风旋转冲击风轮1时,风从风轮1上风斗5的开口6进入(斗内空气密度及受力面积均增大),推动风轮1旋转,可以毫无妨碍地做功。 When a wind rotation of the inner cylindrical duct poly hood 3 4 impact wind wheel, wind scoop opening 5 from the wind turbine 1 enters the windward 6 (air density inside the hopper and force area were increased), powered by a wind rotation, can work without hindrance. 风轮1直径不同,在等风力下其力矩也不同,所做的功大小也不同。 1 different wind wheel diameter, at which moment the wind and the like are different, the work done by the different sizes. 根据功率的大小决定筒塔的直径和层数。 The magnitude of power and the number of layers determined based on the diameter of the cylindrical column.

当采用多层圆筒形聚风罩3时,多层圆筒形聚风罩3上下叠加连接,风轮1轮轴由支撑于各层圆筒形聚风罩3两端的轴承支撑,多个风轮1同轴串联,做功机械装置安装于最底层。 When the cylindrical multi-layer polyethylene cover wind 3:00, polyethylene multilayer cylindrical hood 3 is connected one above the wind wheel 1 is supported by a shaft 3 on both ends of the cylindrical layers of poly hood-shaped bearing support, a plurality of wind 1 wheel coaxially in series, the work machine is mounted on the bottom of the device.

圆筒形聚风罩3的风道4的内侧出风口7处设置有风力调节卷帘8。 Poly cylindrical hood 3 inside the duct 4 to the outlet 7 is provided with a wind adjustment shutter 8. 其中该风力调节卷帘由控制系统控制。 Wherein the wind is controlled by adjusting the shutter control system. 根据测速装置所测风速值与设定值的比值,调节控制系统的指令,实现适度开启功能,保证风轮1受力的稳定,从而保证风力机转速基本稳定。 The speed ratio of the measured wind speed value means with a set value, adjustment commands of the control system, to achieve an appropriate opening function, to ensure the stability of the rotor 1 by the force, thereby ensuring stable rotational speed of the wind.

其中风轮1要求质轻转矩大,所以要直径大,材质轻。 Lightweight claim 1 wherein the rotor torque is large, so a large diameter, light weight.

圆筒形聚风罩3的风道4出风口7与入风口9面积比率可以根据当地的实际风力情况配置。 Poly cylindrical hood outlet duct 4 3 9 7 of the air inlet area ratio can be configured according to local wind conditions.

实际实施中筒塔采用金属结构或薄壁钢筋混凝土结构,风轮1为轻型铝合金结构,用轻钢结构与轴连接,轴承通过钢结构固定在筒塔内侧。 The actual implementation cylindrical column or thin-walled metal structures reinforced concrete structure, a wind turbine structure is lightweight aluminum, steel and connected to the light axis, the bearing is fixed by the inner tubular steel tower.

由于本实用新型的筒塔可向空间发展,同时风轮1可以多层同轴串联与筒塔层数匹配。 Since the present invention can develop into a cylindrical column space, while the wind wheel 1 may be a multilayer cylindrical column coaxially in series with the matching layers. 纵的方向可加大受风面积,横的方向既可以扩大受风面积又可以增大力矩,所以受风面可以数倍增加,形成一个聚风大坝,从而数十倍甚至几百倍增大可利用风力,使得筒塔形风力机成为大功率风力机械成为可能。 Can increase the longitudinal direction of the wind area, transverse direction may be enlarged by the area of ​​the wind and the torque can be increased, so that the wind surface can be increased by several times to form a wind-dam, and thus the number of times or even several hundred fold increase The wind may be utilized, such that the wind turbine tubular tower of the wind power machine becomes possible. 筒塔与风轮的直径和层数视功率大小设定。 Cylindrical tower and the rotor diameter and the number of layers depending on the power level setting. 功率可从10兆瓦开始向更大功率发展,越大越能发挥本实用新型的特长。 Power can begin to develop more power, the greater the play of the present invention strengths from 10 MW. 配上发电机就可以成为超大功率风力发电机了。 Coupled with the generator can become a super power wind turbines.

Claims (8)

1.一种超大功率的风力机,包括风轮,其特征在于:在风轮外侧套有筒塔形聚风装置,风轮位于筒塔形聚风装置内侧的轴线上。 An ultra-high-power wind turbine, comprising a wind wheel, characterized in that: the rotor has a cylindrical outer sleeve means wind-tower, on the axis of the rotor is located inside the cylindrical device poly wind tower.
2.如权利要求1所述的一种超大功率的风力机,其特征在于:所述的筒塔形聚风装置为圆筒形聚风罩,在圆筒形聚风罩的筒周设置有多个风道,风道从外向内呈水平旋转向喇叭形。 2. An ultra-high-power wind turbine according to claim 1, wherein: said cylindrical tower apparatus is wind-cylindrical hood polyethylene, provided on periphery of the cylindrical polyethylene tube hood has a plurality of air duct, the air duct horizontally outward from the rotating horn.
3.如权利要求1所述的一种超大功率的风力机,其特征在于:风轮的圆周上连续排列有多个风斗。 An ultra-high-power wind turbine according to claim 1, wherein: the circumference of the rotor is arranged in a plurality of successive winds.
4.如权利要求3所述的一种超大功率的风力机,其特征在于:风斗为旋转向设置的斗状物,其开口对应于圆筒形聚风罩的风道内侧出风口。 4. An ultra-high-power wind turbine according to claim 3, wherein: the wind bucket bucket was rotated is arranged, which opening corresponds to the inner cylindrical duct fan duct outlet polyethylene.
5.如权利要求2所述的一种超大功率的风力机,其特征在于:在圆筒形聚风罩的风道的内侧出风口处设置有风力调节卷帘。 5. An ultra-high-power wind turbine according to claim 2, wherein: there is provided a wind adjusting shutter inside the air outlet duct in a cylindrical hood of polyethylene.
6.如权利要求4所述的一种超大功率的风力机,其特征在于:风道的外侧入风口的截面积远大于内侧出风口的截面积。 6. An ultra-high-power wind turbine according to claim 4, wherein: the outside air inlet duct is much larger than the inner cross-sectional area of ​​the outlet cross-sectional area.
7.如权利要求1所述的一种超大功率的风力机,其特征在于:筒塔形聚风装置由多个圆筒形聚风罩相叠加构成。 7. An ultra-high-power wind turbine according to claim 1, wherein: the cylinder means by a plurality of wind tower polyethylene cylindrical hood polyethylene superposed configuration.
8.如权利要求7所述的一种超大功率的风力机,其特征在于:筒塔形聚风装置内的风轮层数与圆筒形聚风罩的层数相对应。 8. An ultra-high-power wind turbine according to claim 7, wherein: the rotor and the cylindrical inner layers of polyethylene cylindrical tower wind-fan duct means corresponds to the number of layers.
CNU2005200420019U 2005-05-30 2005-05-30 Super-large power wind equipment CN2844478Y (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102141014A (en) * 2010-02-02 2011-08-03 朴炳亿 Wind collecting tower structure for wind power generation
CN102235302A (en) * 2010-04-26 2011-11-09 黄郑隽 Wind-collecting wind wheel device and wind power generation equipment
CN102352697A (en) * 2011-09-02 2012-02-15 南通纺织职业技术学院 Wind/solar hybrid stereoscopic garage system
CN101806288B (en) 2009-02-17 2012-05-23 薛晓户 Wind generator system
CN102953937A (en) * 2012-11-08 2013-03-06 吴星杰 Comprehensive wind power generating system
CN103016253A (en) * 2011-09-20 2013-04-03 高佩显 Collection wind driven generator
CN105114247A (en) * 2015-10-16 2015-12-02 宋志安 Wind power generation device
WO2016142704A1 (en) * 2015-03-09 2016-09-15 Gordon Bell Air capture turbine

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101806288B (en) 2009-02-17 2012-05-23 薛晓户 Wind generator system
CN102141014A (en) * 2010-02-02 2011-08-03 朴炳亿 Wind collecting tower structure for wind power generation
CN102141014B (en) 2010-02-02 2013-04-17 李吉龙 Wind collecting tower structure for wind power generation
CN102235302A (en) * 2010-04-26 2011-11-09 黄郑隽 Wind-collecting wind wheel device and wind power generation equipment
CN102235302B (en) 2010-04-26 2014-05-14 黄郑隽 Wind-collecting power generation equipment
CN102352697A (en) * 2011-09-02 2012-02-15 南通纺织职业技术学院 Wind/solar hybrid stereoscopic garage system
CN103016253A (en) * 2011-09-20 2013-04-03 高佩显 Collection wind driven generator
CN102953937A (en) * 2012-11-08 2013-03-06 吴星杰 Comprehensive wind power generating system
CN102953937B (en) 2012-11-08 2014-07-09 吴星杰 Comprehensive wind power generating system
WO2016142704A1 (en) * 2015-03-09 2016-09-15 Gordon Bell Air capture turbine
CN105114247A (en) * 2015-10-16 2015-12-02 宋志安 Wind power generation device

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