CN2786121Y - Oven for converting firewood into combustible gas - Google Patents

Oven for converting firewood into combustible gas Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2786121Y
CN2786121Y CN 200520019865 CN200520019865U CN2786121Y CN 2786121 Y CN2786121 Y CN 2786121Y CN 200520019865 CN200520019865 CN 200520019865 CN 200520019865 U CN200520019865 U CN 200520019865U CN 2786121 Y CN2786121 Y CN 2786121Y
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gas
stove
burner hearth
furnace
valve
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CN 200520019865
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Chinese (zh)
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刘伟奇
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a stove for converting firewood into liquefied gas, which comprises a stove body, a stove chamber, stove feet, a stove cover, an annular water trough, an air inlet pipe, an air inlet valve, a gas guiding pipe, a tubular air distributor, an annular air distributor, a blanking cylinder, a gas collecting cylinder, a rotatable stove grate, a beveled edge water trough, etc. The utility model is characterized in that the reaction stove chamber has a vertical straight through structure, the inner diameter of the stove chamber at the lower part is not less than that of the stove chamber at the middle upper part, and the controllable annular air distributor and the controllable tubular air distributor are arranged in the stove chamber; the lower part of the stove body is provided with the beveled edge water trough, the rotatable stove grate, the blanking cylinder, the gas collecting cylinder and the gas guiding pipe. As a result, the manual regulation and control of reactions in the stove becomes possible, the feeding, the ash discharge, the gas generation and the use can be carried out synchronously, both dry and wet materials can be used, and more than 98% of tar oil, water vapor, smoke dust and carbon dioxide are converted for utilization, so that the utility model has the advantages of pure fuel gas, large gas generating quantity, high heat value, beautiful flames, and no pollution, and after secondary treatment, generated gas can be directly used for cooking, heating, bath, power generation, etc. The utility model can be developed in a commercialized mode.

Description

The faggot liquefied gas furnace
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of biomass gas-making furnace, especially a kind of " faggot liquefied gas " producer.
Background technology:
Be that the stove and accessory of fuel is of a great variety with coal and biomass straw at present, but mostly utilize its heat energy with direct combustion method, the material consumption is big, capacity usage ratio low (generally only account for used material total energy about 10%), and environmental pollution is very serious.The various stalk producers of fuel gas buring also once appearred on the market solid fuel conversion is become, but owing to exist the material consumption big, transformation efficiency is low, energy-saving effect is poor, the equipment manufacturing cost height, combustion gas has flue dust, a large amount of water vapors that material is produced in the dry thermal cracking process and tar can not trans-utilizations, gas pipeline often is blocked, the ash discharge inconvenience, and environmental pollution is more serious, manipulate shortcomings such as cumbersome, and do not accepted by the user, can not form commercialization production, become only to view and emulate with a few peoples and carried out the scientific and technological sample that technology is copied work for people.It is simpler to have occurred a kind of structure now again, the producer that cost is not high again, as " producer " and " shaking blanking producer " (patent No. be respectively: ZL02277000.3 and ZL02277525.0) of Chinese patent with notification number CN2565831Y and the disclosed Hunan Province of CN2596228Y Sangzhi County Zhou Songlin comrade design, just have simple in structure, characteristics such as cost is lower, but go before me to learn after the field trip that still there are following several deadly defects in this " producer ":
1, reinforced, ash discharge, system gas and use and can not carry out synchronously can't be realized continuous production.
2, material consumption height, transformation efficiency is low, the combustion gas of producing impure, calorific value is not high, flame is red partially.Use this combustion gas very easily to burn pot black and spill into indoor polluting with a certain amount of fine carbon black, though this stove and accessory also can change into combustion gas with plant waste to a certain extent, compare with traditional direct combustion method cooking stove, energy-saving effect is not clearly.
3, this producer uncap after reinforced and reinforced the unloading phase and use gas 30-50 minute continuously after, fire door or kitchen range burner port etc. are located to have thick smoke and are emerged, sometimes also have the combustion gas naked light when reinforced and scurry out uncapping from charging bole, major polluting indoor environment not only, also exist simultaneously, cause personal injury easily with many unsafe factors.
4, this producer can not effectively decompose and transform a large amount of tar gass, water vapor, flue dust and the carbonic acid gas that material is taken place in gas generation process, when entering airway with combustion gas, these gases and flue dust not only can occur very easily condensing and blocking pipe because of tar, but also can make combustion gas carry volume of smoke, tar, ash content and water vapor secretly, thereby cause gained combustion gas quality low, calorific value is not high.
5, this producer is only for using siccative, can not use wet feed, in case used material water ratio is higher, gently then cause the combustion gas of producing because of the too high ignition difficulties of vapour content, so that be forced to emptying, cause waste, heavy then appearance is stopped working blowing out and is interrupted making gas, moreover, this producer just is to use siccative, the combustion gas of producing also must be earlier through the purifying treatment of cleaner, the tar and the water vapor that will be mixed in gradually in the combustion gas through 5-10 rice even longer pipeline and a plurality of U type leakage fluid dram separated again, otherwise, the gained combustion gas can't be used, so not only operation is made troubles to stove and accessory, has also increased facility investment virtually, has increased the weight of peasant burden.
6, this producer can not make from the ash, slag, gas, charcoal of reaction burner hearth and all realize separating automatically, and the charcoal piece that does not utilize fully as yet in the stove is in case fall in the ash storage chamber of burner hearth bottom with ash, stopped reaction at once, thus cause the wasting of resources.
7, this producer must carry out artificial dry type ash discharge in the ash output hole that is located at furnace bottom, except that must blowing out interrupting the system gas, also can cause near the generation that " stirring up a cloud of dust " phenomenon occurs of ash output hole during ash discharge, influences sanitation and hygiene.
8, hand doffer can only stir the biomass powder, and it is inoperative to the material of other form, and in stove, be provided with by " hand doffer ", very easily make the built on stilts phenomenon of material appearance in the stove, cause sneaking into more thickness dirt with regard to the combustion gas that contains more flue dust originally, can't normally carry out to cause whole gas-making process.
9, this producer occurs stove internal cause naked light burning easily and produces a large amount of sensible heats, adds (waste heat) retrieving arrangement that do not have sensible heat to cause power loss very big, and capacity usage ratio is lower.
More than the existence of all scarce limits, will have a strong impact on the commercialization process of this energy-efficient equipment, be unfavorable for the penetration and promotion of this product.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this utility model is at the deficiency of prior art and innovative design goes out a kind of simple in structure, cheap, easy to use, the material consumption is little, gas production rate is big, the capacity usage ratio height, selectivity is good (to be done, wet feed all can, siccative also need add water), and normal pressure system gas, safety and stability, no line clogging phenomenon, equipment life long (5-10), keep in repair easy to use, energy-saving effect is remarkable, in-furnace dust, slag, gas, charcoal can all be realized separating automatically and good separating effect, the artificial ash basement interval is long, reinforced, clean health in ash discharge and the use, no smoke contamination, fire door does not have the excessive and combustion gas naked light of flue dust and phenomenon such as scurries outward, can realize that continuous production is (reinforced, ash discharge, system gas and use can be carried out synchronously), in gas-making process, can realize artificial regulatory to the whole chemical reactions that taken place in the reaction burner hearth, by reasonable regulation and control to chemical reaction in the stove, can obtain a kind of effective catalyst of zero cost, under the katalysis of this catalyzer, material is because of a large amount of water vapors that dry thermal cracking produced in the stove, tar gas, refuse such as flue dust and carbonic acid gas waste gas can be converted into the flammable unstripped gas of high-quality fast, transformation efficiency is not less than 98%, the flammable unstripped gas of this high-quality is again through the external equipment of my research and development---after " efficient purifier " and " efficient reforming reactor " processing, the storage of need not liquefying, also need not carry at a distance and can be directly used in cooking with multistage cooling, heating, bathing and drive gas engine generating etc., reach or near " natural gas liquids " result of use continuously, efficiently, clean novel household producer---faggot liquefied gas furnace.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
It is made up of adjustable oxygen supply reactive system, gas collection ash discharge purification system and UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN water supply steam-supplying system, wherein:
Adjustable oxygen supply reactive system is made up of bell, annular water tank, reaction burner hearth, blast pipe, annular passage, thermocouple temperature measuring apparatus, tubular type air distributor and annular air divider, wherein, the reaction burner hearth is vertical vertical bypass structure from top to bottom, and wherein upper furnace is a hollow structure in the cylindricality of garden, lower furnace is coaxial be arranged on the middle and upper part burner hearth under, be that a upper end is the butt taper, the lower end is the taper of falling the butt, the middle part is the interior hollow structure of cydariform of garden cylindricality, and its internal diameter is more than or equal to the burner hearth internal diameter of garden, top cylindricality burner hearth; In lower furnace, be provided with a cover thermocouple temperature measuring apparatus; The tubular type air distributor is vertically set on the central axis of reaction burner hearth, and the upper end links to each other with the blast pipe that is positioned at the reaction roof of the furnace, the bottom face of lower end closed and close garden, middle and upper part cylindricality burner hearth, and around its lower end tube wall, offer several breather holes; The annular air divider is coaxial to be arranged in the lower furnace of reacting burner hearth, be one on its wall, to offer empty cylindrical shell in the garden cylindricality of several breather holes, make lower furnace communicate by these breather holes with annular passage, from the oxygen-rich air of gas blower by be arranged on the blast pipe on, following air intake valve and tubular type air distributor that links to each other with blast pipe and annular air divider, can realize oxidation zone and reduction zone oxygen supply at the same time or separately, thereby make the interior whole chemical reactions that taken place of stove realize that artificial regulatories become possibility being positioned at Reaktionsofen thorax middle and lower part; In order to prolong service life of equipment, to whole internal surfaces (internal surface that comprises the annular air divider) of inner furnace body, the outside surface of tubular air distributor and the outside surface of rotatable grate, can adopt " the heat-resisting iron sand glue " of the research and development of Jiangxi Province Yichun City practical technique institute to carry out the heat-resisting and anti-corrosion processing in surface.
Gas collection ash discharge purification system is made up of rotatable grate, blanking tube, gas cylinder, angle tank and airway, wherein rotatable grate is arranged on the discharge port place of reaction burner hearth lowermost end, the crank outer with being positioned at stove links to each other, by shaking crank, can make rotatable grate do 360 degree rotations at the discharge port place of reaction burner hearth lowermost end; Blanking tube is that a upper port is docked with the taper of falling the butt discharge port that is positioned at reaction burner hearth lowermost end, and lower port is suspended at the little cylindrical shell of garden cylindricality of angle tank top; Gas cylinder is one and is enclosed within around the blanking tube outside that upper port is welded on the taper of falling the butt shell of reaction burner hearth lowermost end, and lower port is inserted in the garden cylindricality large cylinder at the water layer middle part in the angle tank; The water surface in gas cylinder and the angle tank forms sealing to blanking tube jointly and surrounds, on the upper surface of gas cylinder cylindrical shell one side, be provided with simultaneously a garden shape opening, this opening docks with airway, ash from the reaction burner hearth, slag, gas, charcoal does to fall in the same way motion in the reaction burner hearth, through behind the rotatable grate, bulk slag and charcoal piece are blocked in the bottom reaction burner hearth of rotatable grate top, ashes and combustion gas are then passed rotatable grate and are continued to fall along blanking tube, and under the effect of material gravity, last ashes are fallen into the water of angle tank, combustion gas is then under the draft effect of stove internal gas pressure or vacuum fan, along rising on the circular clearance between blanking tube and the gas cylinder, be imported into the external equipment that I research and develop successively through airway---in " efficient purifier " and " efficient reforming reactor ", carry out udst separation and reforming reaction, make high-quality combustible gas---" the faggot liquefied gas " that turn to similar " natural gas liquids " from the high quality raw material cyclostrophic of reaction burner hearth.
UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN water supply steam-supplying system is by inner furnace body, external furnace body, thermal insulation layer, safety valve, water intaking valve, hot water valve, steam valve, the heatproof sebific duct, steam feeding tube and wash water valve are formed, wherein water intaking valve and wash water valve all are arranged on the lowermost end of the annular water jacket that is made of jointly inner furnace body and external furnace body, hot water valve and coupled hot-water line are arranged on the top of above-mentioned annular water jacket, with I research and development the external equipment with heat recovery function---" water ring burner " links to each other, can make the heat recovery of this stove and accessory reach science, reasonable and complete, make to only depend on and utilize waste heat to realize that " automatically; continuous Water-heating shower " becomes possibility.In order to prolong service life of equipment, reply is carried out anti-corrosive treatment such as enamel by whole internal surfaces of the annular water jacket that inner furnace body and external furnace body constituted.In addition, with hot-water line that hot water valve links to each other on a vertical safety valve and steam valve of vertically being provided with, this steam valve links to each other with steam feeding tube on being positioned at bell by the heatproof sebific duct, when stove internal cause material water ratio low, when the temperature of reaction in the burner hearth is higher, can be under the situation of closing water intaking valve, wash water valve and hot water valve, open steam valve, in stove, spray into suitable quantity of water steam,, improve gas production rate and the purpose of improving combustion gas quality to reach the balance furnace temperature; When not needing make up water steam in the reaction burner hearth, can under the prerequisite of closing water intaking valve, wash water valve and hot water valve, pull up the heatproof sebific duct and open steam valve, make excess steam realize smooth emptying, to guarantee equipment safety operation; When the user need carry out Water-heating shower, can be under the situation of steam off valve and wash water valve, open water intaking valve and hot water valve, external equipment---" water ring burner " UNICOM that itself and I are researched and developed, realize continuous, automatic hot-water shower, should close water intaking valve and hot water valve after bathing finishes, open steam valve, allow the smooth emptying of steam, make system recovery to safe condition.In order to reduce equipment manufacturing cost, also can save above-described " UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN water supply steam-supplying system ", promptly save external furnace body, body of heater middle and upper part thermal insulation layer (keeping reduction zone, body of heater bottom thermal insulation layer), water intaking valve, wash water valve, hot water valve, safety valve, steam valve, heatproof sebific duct and steam feeding tube, so also can not influence the realization of the utility model purpose.
The utility model compared with prior art has following feature and benefit:
1, simple in structure, cheap, maintenance is used very convenient, the indoor actual proof of using since continuous three wheat harvesting periods of my family, and every index reaches my design requirements, can carry out large-scale commercialization and produce exploitation;
2, the material consumption is little, and gas production rate is big, compares with changeing system direct combustion method cooking stove, and capacity usage ratio can be brought up to present more than 95% by 10% of traditional cooking stove, and utilization of materials can reach 100% in the stove, and energy-saving effect is very remarkable;
3, system gas raw material there is not particular requirement, so long as organic waste materials (faggot, leaf, straw, cow dung, horsehit, chicken manure, wood sawdust, rice hulls, the multitudinous slag of mandarin orange, the pericarp shell, waste paper, waste and old rubber, various organic class domestic refuses and all plant stalks and waste material thereof), no matter do, wet and all can use, never use any additives and industrial chemicals, not having " three wastes " pollutes, and material ratio is dry in stove, when furnace temperature is higher, also can utilize this stove and accessory additional " UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN water supply steam-supplying system " in stove, to spray into suitable quantity of water steam, so not only can not influence system gas, but also can improve gas production rate to a certain extent and improve combustion gas quality.
4, normal pressure system gas, the health cleaning, safe and reliable, combustion gas can not occur and poison, explode or other personnel safety accident;
5, material carries out in the process of chemical reaction in the reaction burner hearth, blanking is smooth and easy, built on stilts and the naked light combustion phenomena of material can not appear, reaction gained ash, slag, gas, charcoal all can be realized automatic separation, and separating effect is fine,, also can enter the furnace reduction district and carry out chemical reaction after being separated with ashes at charcoal piece that oxidation reaction zone fails to be fully exploited, transformed fully until its self-energy, thereby make the utilization ratio of the interior material of stove reach 100%.Ashes after material transforms fully can fall into the angle tank that is positioned at the body of heater bottom smoothly, focus on through recovery, can get the agricultural potash fertilizer of high-quality, and comprehensive benefit is remarkable, entire reaction course high effect cleaning, ecological, environmental protective;
6, the artificial ash basement interval long (to utilize firewood is example, and general 5 mouthfuls family used three months continuously, only needs ash discharge 2-3 time) is time saving and energy saving;
7, in gas-making process, can realize artificial regulatory to the temperature of reaction of material in the stove and the chemical reaction that is taken place thereof, by reasonable regulation and control to material in the stove and chemical reaction thereof, can obtain a kind of effective catalyst of zero cost, under the katalysis of this catalyzer, water vapor in the stove more than 98%, tar gas, refuse such as flue dust and carbonic acid gas waste gas can be converted into the flammable unstripped gas of high-quality fast, thoroughly eliminated because of the tar coking and the be blocked generation of phenomenon of pipeline occurred, cause the equipment operation steady in a long-term, the high quality raw material gas that produces, gained " faggot liquefied gas " after external equipment through my research and development---" efficient purifier " and " efficient reforming reactor " are handled, need not liquefaction stores, can be directly used in cooking, heating, bathing and drive gas engine generating etc. reaches or near " natural gas liquids " end-use performance;
8, can realize continuous production, reinforced, ash discharge, system gas and use (cooking, heating, bathing and generating etc.) can be carried out synchronously, no smoke contamination, and no potential safety hazard can not occur that the fire door flue dust is excessive phenomenon such as scurries with combustion gas, naked light outside charging bole;
9, service life of equipment is long, and except that indivedual low value attrition components, normal use can reach more than the 5-10;
10, the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN waterworks of this stove and accessory links to each other with I " the water ring burner " with heat recovery function of research and development, need not to purchase gas heater, only depends on that waste heat can be realized continuously, the automatic hot-water shower.
In sum, be in an emergency at fuel, waste and old stalk increases sharply and high today of environmental protection cry day, the utility model especially has application value widely in the vast rural area of China in China!
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is an overall structure synoptic diagram of the present utility model, but will realize the utility model, not exclusively only limits to this accompanying drawing.
The title of each integral part and sequence number are as follows in the accompanying drawing:
1-bell 2-annular water tank 3-tubular type air distributor 4-reacts burner hearth
Air intake valve 8-water intaking valve under the enterprising air-valve 6-of the 5-blast pipe 7-
The rotatable grate 12-of 9-annular passage 10-airway 11-blanking tube
13-gas cylinder 14-angle tank 15-stove pin 16-annular air divider
17-breather hole 18-thermocouple temperature measuring apparatus 19-wash water valve 20-thermal insulation layer
21-external furnace body 22-inner furnace body 23-hot water valve 24-safety valve
25-steam valve 26-heatproof sebific duct 27-steam feeding tube
Embodiment:
The utility model is made up of adjustable oxygen supply reactive system, gas collection ash discharge purification system and UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN water supply steam-supplying system, wherein:
Adjustable oxygen supply reactive system is by bell (1), annular water tank (2), reaction burner hearth (4), blast pipe (6), annular passage (9), thermocouple temperature measuring apparatus (18), tubular type air distributor (3) and annular air divider (16) are formed, wherein react burner hearth (4) and be vertical bypass structure from top to bottom, and wherein upper furnace is a hollow structure in the cylindricality of garden, lower furnace is coaxial be arranged on the middle and upper part burner hearth under, be that a upper end is the butt taper, the lower end is the taper of falling the butt, the middle part is the interior hollow structure of cydariform of garden cylindricality, its internal diameter is provided with a cover thermocouple temperature measuring apparatus (18) more than or equal to the burner hearth internal diameter of garden, top cylindricality burner hearth in lower furnace; Tubular type air distributor (3) is vertically set on the central axis of reaction burner hearth (4), its upper end links to each other with the blast pipe (6) that is positioned at reaction burner hearth (4) top, the bottom face of lower end closed and close garden, middle and upper part cylindricality burner hearth, and around its lower end tube wall, offer several breather holes (17); Annular air divider (3) is coaxial to be arranged in the lower furnace of reacting burner hearth (4), be one on its wall, to offer empty cylindrical shell in the garden cylindricality of several breather holes (17), make lower furnace communicate by these breather holes (17) with annular passage (9), from the oxygen-rich air of gas blower by being arranged on the enterprising air-valve (5) and following air intake valve (7) and tubular type air distributor (3) that links to each other with blast pipe (6) and annular air divider (16) on the blast pipe (6), can realize oxidation zone and reduction zone oxygen supply at the same time or separately, thereby make the interior whole chemical reactions that taken place of stove realize that artificial regulatories become possibility being positioned at Reaktionsofen thorax (4) middle and lower part; In order to prolong service life of equipment, whole internal surfaces to inner furnace body (22), the whole internal surfaces that comprise annular air divider (16), the outside surface of the outside surface of tubular air distributor (3) and rotatable grate (11) can adopt " the heat-resisting iron sand glue " of the research and development of Jiangxi Province Yichun City practical technique institute to carry out the heat-resisting and anti-corrosion processing in surface.
Gas collection ash discharge purification system is made up of rotatable grate (11), blanking tube (12), gas cylinder (13), angle tank (14) and airway (10), wherein rotatable grate (11) is arranged on the discharge port place of reaction burner hearth (4) lowermost end, the crank outer with being positioned at stove links to each other, by shaking crank, can make rotatable grate (11) do 360 degree rotations at the discharge port place of reaction burner hearth (4) lowermost end; Blanking tube (12) is that a upper port is docked with the taper of falling the butt discharge port that is positioned at reaction burner hearth (4) lowermost end, and lower port is suspended at the little cylindrical shell of garden cylindricality of angle tank (14) top; Gas cylinder (13) is one and is enclosed within around blanking tube (12) outside that upper port is welded on the taper of falling the butt shell of reaction burner hearth (4) lowermost end, and lower port is inserted in the garden cylindricality large cylinder at the water layer middle part in the angle tank (14); The water surface in gas cylinder (13) and the angle tank (14) forms sealing to blanking tube (12) jointly and surrounds, while is provided with a garden shape opening on the upper surface of cylindrical shell one side of gas cylinder (13), this opening docks with airway (10), ash from reaction burner hearth (4), slag, gas, charcoal is done the motion of falling in the same way in reaction burner hearth (4), behind rotatable grate (11), bulk slag and charcoal piece are blocked in the lower furnace of rotatable grate (11) top, ashes and combustion gas are then passed rotatable grate (11) and are continued to fall along blanking tube (12), and under the effect of material gravity, last ashes are fallen into the water of angle tank (14), combustion gas is then under the draft effect of stove internal gas pressure or vacuum fan, along rising on the circular clearance between blanking tube (12) and the gas cylinder (13), be imported into the external equipment that I research and develop successively through airway (10)---carry out udst separation and gas reformation reaction in " efficient purifier " and " efficient reforming reactor ", make high-quality combustible gas---" the faggot liquefied gas " that be converted into similar " natural gas liquids " from the flammable unstripped gas of high-quality of reaction burner hearth (4).
UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN water supply steam-supplying system is by inner furnace body (22), external furnace body (21), thermal insulation layer (20), safety valve (24), water intaking valve (8), hot water valve (23), steam valve (25), heatproof sebific duct (26), steam feeding tube (27) and wash water valve (19) are formed, wherein water intaking valve (8) and wash water valve (19) all are arranged on the lowermost end by inner furnace body (22) and the common annular water jacket that constitutes of external furnace body (21), hot water valve (23) and coupled hot-water line are arranged on the top of above-mentioned annular water jacket, with I research and development the external equipment with heat recovery function---" water ring burner " links to each other, can make the heat recovery of this stove and accessory reach science, reasonable and complete, make to only depend on and utilize waste heat to realize that " automatically; continuous Water-heating shower " becomes possibility.In order to prolong service life of equipment, reply is carried out anti-corrosive treatment such as enamel by whole internal surfaces of the annular water jacket that inner furnace body (22) and external furnace body (21) are constituted.In addition, with hot-water line that hot water valve (23) links to each other on a vertical safety valve (24) and the steam valve (25) of vertically being provided with, this steam valve (25) links to each other with steam feeding tube (27) on being positioned at bell (1) by heatproof sebific duct (26), when stove internal cause material water ratio lower, when the temperature in the reaction burner hearth (4) is higher, can be under the situation of closing water intaking valve (8), wash water valve (19) and hot water valve (23), open steam valve (25), in stove, spray into suitable quantity of water steam, to reach the balance furnace temperature, improve gas production rate and the purpose of improving combustion gas quality; When not needing make up water steam in the reaction burner hearth (4), can be under the prerequisite of closing water intaking valve (8), wash water valve (19) and hot water valve (23), pull up heatproof sebific duct (26) and open steam valve (25), make excess steam realize smooth emptying, to guarantee equipment safety operation; When the user need carry out Water-heating shower, can be under the situation of steam off valve (25) and wash water valve (19), open water intaking valve (8) and hot water valve (23), external equipment---" water ring burner " UNICOM that itself and I are researched and developed, realize continuous, automatic hot-water shower, should close water intaking valve (8) and hot water valve (23) after bathing finishes, open steam valve (25) and allow the smooth emptying of steam, make system recovery to safe condition.In order to reduce equipment manufacturing cost, also can save above-described " UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN water supply steam-supplying system ", promptly save external furnace body (21), middle and upper part thermal insulation layer (20) (keeping reduction zone, body of heater bottom thermal insulation layer), water intaking valve (8), wash water valve (19), hot water valve (23), safety valve (24), steam valve (25), heatproof sebific duct (26) and steam feeding tube (27), so also can not influence the realization of the utility model purpose.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of faggot liquefied gas furnace, comprise adjustable oxygen supply reactive system, gas collection ash discharge purification system and UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN water supply steam-supplying system, wherein, adjustable oxygen supply reactive system is made up of bell (1), annular water tank (2), reaction burner hearth (4), blast pipe (6), annular passage (9), thermocouple temperature measuring apparatus (18), tubular type air distributor (3) and annular air divider (16); Gas collection ash discharge purification system is made up of rotatable grate (11), blanking tube (12), gas cylinder (13), angle tank (14) and airway (10); UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN water supply steam-supplying system is by inner furnace body (22), external furnace body (21), thermal insulation layer (20), safety valve (24), water intaking valve (8), hot water valve (23), steam valve (25), heatproof sebific duct (26), steam feeding tube (27) and wash water valve (19) are formed, it is characterized in that: reaction burner hearth (4) is vertical bypass structure from top to bottom, wherein upper furnace is a hollow structure in the cylindricality of garden, lower furnace is coaxial be arranged on the middle and upper part burner hearth under, be that an internal diameter is more than or equal to garden, middle and upper part cylindricality burner hearth internal diameter, and offering the cydariform of several breather holes (17) or the inner hollow body of other shape on the furnace wall around it, around the furnace wall of lower furnace, be provided with an annular passage (9) simultaneously, this annular passage (9) wraps in outside the furnace wall of the lower furnace that is provided with breather hole (17), by the breather hole on the lower furnace furnace wall (17), make lower furnace communicate with annular passage (9), this annular passage (9) and the furnace wall that is provided with the lower furnace of breather hole (17) constitute one jointly and have the annular air divider (16) of implementing circumferential symmetrical air inlet function from the lower furnace furnace wall all around in stove; Simultaneously, on the central axis in the middle and upper part burner hearth of reaction burner hearth (4), be provided with a tubular air distributor (3), its upper port links to each other with the blast pipe (6) that is positioned at reaction burner hearth (4) top and communicates, the bottom face of the middle and upper part burner hearth of lower port sealing and close reaction burner hearth (4), and around its lower end tube wall, offer several breather holes (17); On the blast pipe (6) that leads to tubular air distributor (3) and annular air divider (16), be provided with an enterprising air-valve (5) and following air intake valve (7) respectively, from the oxygen-rich air of gas blower through enterprising air-valve (5) and following air intake valve (7) and tubular air distributor (3) that links to each other with blast pipe (6) and annular air divider (16), can be arranged in Reaktionsofen thorax (4), bottom oxidation zone and reduction zone oxygen supply at the same time or separately; In addition, be provided with the discharge port of a taper of falling the butt at the lowermost end of reaction burner hearth (4), and be provided with a rotatable grate (11) at this discharge port place, rotatable grate (11) crank outer with being positioned at stove links to each other, by shaking crank, can make rotatable grate (11) do 360 degree rotations at the discharge port place of reaction burner hearth (4) lowermost end; Under rotatable grate (11), be provided with one and be placed on ground angle tank (14); Axially be provided with a garden cylindricality blanking tube (12) that is docking together with this discharge port on the discharge port of reaction burner hearth (4) lowermost end, its lower port is suspended at the top of the plane of the opening of angle tank (14); Around the outside of blanking tube (12), be provided with a garden cylindricality gas cylinder (13), its upper port is welded on the taper of falling the butt shell of reaction burner hearth (4) lowermost end, lower port is inserted in the water layer middle part in the angle tank (14), the water surface in gas cylinder (13) and the angle tank (14) forms sealing to blanking tube (12) jointly and surrounds, and on the upper surface of cylindrical shell one side of gas cylinder (13), be provided with an airway (10), gas from reaction burner hearth (4) passes rotatable grate (11), behind the circular clearance between blanking tube (12) and blanking tube (12) and the gas cylinder (13), can be outside airway (10) be derived stove.
2, faggot liquefied gas furnace according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described tubular air distributor (3) and annular air divider (16) adopt heat resisting iron or high temperature steel to be made.
CN 200520019865 2005-05-03 2005-05-03 Oven for converting firewood into combustible gas Expired - Fee Related CN2786121Y (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101691502A (en) * 2009-09-01 2010-04-07 李文 Down-draught efficient biomass vaporization furnace
CN102367393A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-03-07 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass water-cooling air-vapor gasifier
CN101995013B (en) * 2009-08-31 2012-08-08 李林 Installation method of safety valve and accessory installation device thereof
WO2013041039A1 (en) * 2011-09-24 2013-03-28 Liu Weiqi Macromolecular matter clean burning method and device
CN108088259A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-29 重庆琅博宛冶金材料有限公司 The method that metallurgical furnace launches furnace charge

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101995013B (en) * 2009-08-31 2012-08-08 李林 Installation method of safety valve and accessory installation device thereof
CN101691502A (en) * 2009-09-01 2010-04-07 李文 Down-draught efficient biomass vaporization furnace
CN102367393A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-03-07 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass water-cooling air-vapor gasifier
CN102367393B (en) * 2011-06-24 2013-09-04 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass water-cooling air-vapor gasifier
WO2013041039A1 (en) * 2011-09-24 2013-03-28 Liu Weiqi Macromolecular matter clean burning method and device
US9951946B2 (en) 2011-09-24 2018-04-24 Weiqi Liu High-efficiency clean burning method and device of macromolecular substance
CN108088259A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-29 重庆琅博宛冶金材料有限公司 The method that metallurgical furnace launches furnace charge

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