CN2724815Y - Impacting type apparatus for sulphur-removing and dust-removing - Google Patents

Impacting type apparatus for sulphur-removing and dust-removing Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN2724815Y
CN2724815Y CN 200420074646 CN200420074646U CN2724815Y CN 2724815 Y CN2724815 Y CN 2724815Y CN 200420074646 CN200420074646 CN 200420074646 CN 200420074646 U CN200420074646 U CN 200420074646U CN 2724815 Y CN2724815 Y CN 2724815Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust
collector
impact type
desulfurizing dust
spiral nozzle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200420074646
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
文德振
肖学德
张新力
史广利
柴合范
胡志红
姜越飞
闫玉德
刘鹏飞
张璞
孟连军
周剑锋
李秀敏
张军杰
周郑
张建新
张予琴
祁兵
向哲涛
史忠海
周巍峰
Original Assignee
闫玉德
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 闫玉德 filed Critical 闫玉德
Priority to CN 200420074646 priority Critical patent/CN2724815Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2724815Y publication Critical patent/CN2724815Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a sulphur-removing and dust-removing apparatus, in particular that which relates to an impacting type apparatus for sulphur-removing and dust-removing. The utility model comprises a housing, a smoke gas inlet, a spraying cavity, a vortex chamber, a turbulent type smoke gas passage, a mud hopper, a mud box, a liquid level control box, a discharge valve, a dehydrating chamber, and a smoke gas outlet. At least one taper spiral spray is fixed on the inside of the smoke gas inlet, and the taper spiral sprayer is communicated with the water pipe of a water supply apparatus. The utility model fixes the taper spiral sprayer on the smoke gas inlet, and the sprayer has good mist formation performance, and the shape of mist formation is taper solid type, and the cover area is large; as a consequence, the apparatus for dust-removing forms four-stage purifying; therefore, the utility model has good effects of filtering, sulphur-removing and dust-removing. Additionally, the utility model has the advantages of simple structure and lower cost; simultaneously, installation and dismounting and maintenance are all very convenient, and the utility model has better social benefit and economic benefit after popularization.

Description

The impact type desulfurizing dust-collector
One. technical field: the utility model relates to a kind of desulfurating dust-removing equipment, particularly relates to a kind of impact type desulfurizing dust-collector.
Two. background technology: the flue gas desulfurization and dedusting one purification techniques that is applicable to middle-size and small-size industry pot (kiln) stove now mainly is the wet method sulphur removing and dust removing device.Wet dedusting is exactly to create the chance that flue gas contacts with water, if in water, add desulfurizing agent, so again can desulfurization dedusting the time, and be exactly that the desulfurization and dedusting one is carried out simultaneously.The mode that flue gas contacts with water or cleaning solution has following several: (1). and utilize atomizer that the cleaning solution that contains desulfurizing agent is atomized into fine drop, be sprayed onto in the flue gas, utilize this principle exactly as spray chamber's smoke washer; (2). allow flue gas by absorbing liquid layer, flue gas contacts with absorption liquid with bubble form, i.e. flue gas washing.As vulcanize a flue gas cleaner, turbulence type flue gas cleaner, impact type, water-bath type flue gas cleaner etc.; (3). utilize effect of inertia that flue gas is contacted with moisture film, as cyclonic water film deduster, venturi water film deduster etc.; (4). utilize electrostatic force that the grit in the flue gas is contacted with liquid film, as static water dust scrubber etc.The main component sulfur dioxide that the desulphurization mechanism of wet method sulphur removing and dust removing device is actually in the flue gas is absorbed by liquid, it is a kind of chemical absorbing, inertia, surface tension, gravity, electrostatic force are inoperative to the chemical absorbing of sulfur dioxide, and what chemical absorbing was worked is diffusion motion and gas, liquid convection and the mixing of gas and fluid molecule, ion.Their common ground is to utilize contacting of flue gas and liquid, removes dust and pernicious gas and reaches clean-up effect.(publication number is CN88210969U to Chinese patent, the patent No. is ZL88210969) a kind of " spiral vortex type boiler fume purifier " disclosed, it is made of exhaust gases passes, vortex chamber, separation chamber, fluid storage tank etc., its structure is an integral body, clarifier body and fluid storage tank are connected as a single entity, the fluid storage tank bottom connects the plasma discharge gate valve with bolt, ball-cock assembly in the water supply tank on the housing outer wall links to each other with the feed pipe of outside, the ash that it captures is regularly discharged by the plasma discharge gate valve of fluid storage tank bottom with the mortar form, but various problems below in practice, having occurred:
(1). water and sulfur dioxide in flue gas are shorter time of contact, and uptake is few, and sulfur limitation effect is poor.
(2). boiler such as the purification efficiencies such as circulating fluidized bed boiler, spreader stoker boliler higher to smoke dust discharge concentration are low, can not guarantee qualified discharge.
(3). because sulfuric acid corrosion, the copper buoy life-span in the water level control box is short, uses less than promptly to be damaged in two months, needs often to change.
(4). shutdown of boiler, when air-introduced machine quit work, a large amount of scavenging solutions is drained caused energy waste.
(5). in the emission purification device during mortar water level descend, can not keep the normal height of operation of water level, causing shakes sends out the discharging that exceeds standard of property flue dust and sulfur dioxide.
Owing to there are the problems referred to above, cause boiler not move fully continuously, cause very big economic loss to enterprise's production and heating, waste energy, its clean-up effect is also very undesirable; Be difficult to reach energy savings and reliable and stable high efficiency technical index request, promptly reach the control requirement of the gross contamination emission of standard code.
Three. the content of utility model:
The purpose of this utility model: overcome the defective of prior art, a kind of time of contact, the purification of implementation level Four, effective impact type desulfurizing dust-collector of dust-removal and desulfurizing that increases water and sulfur dioxide in flue gas is provided.
The technical solution of the utility model: a kind of impact type desulfurizing dust-collector, contain housing, gas approach, spray chamber, vortex chamber, turbulence type exhaust gases passes, mud hopper, mud pit, level control box, drain valve, dewatering station and exhanst gas outlet, in gas approach, be mounted with one or more conical spiral nozzle, the cross current of this conical spiral nozzle and water supply installation.
The axis of described conical spiral nozzle is positioned on the horizontal center line of gas approach, and the moisture film of conical spiral nozzle ejection is filled circles cone-shaped or hollow cone cavity shape.
Described vortex chamber inwall is connected by the arc surface of some and forms.
The below of described gas approach is a spray chamber, and this spray chamber inwall is connected by broken line plane, top and lower curved face and forms.
In the described level control box overflow pipe is installed.
Be connected with air-introduced machine on the described exhanst gas outlet.Be provided with the synchronous opening/closing controlling organization between described air-introduced machine and the conical spiral nozzle.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
1. the utility model dust-removal and desulfurizing is effective, be mounted with one or more conical spiral nozzle at gas approach, this shower nozzle mist formation performance is good, its mist formation is shaped as the tapered solid shape, area coverage is big, and purify thereby make deduster form level Four: first class purification is finished by conical spiral nozzle; Secondary purification is finished by spray chamber and mud hopper; Three grades of purifications are finished by the liquid film of spray chamber bottom; Level Four purifies and is finished by exhaust gases passes, vortex chamber, mud pit and dewatering station.Purify through above-mentioned level Four, the harmful substance sulfur dioxide in the flue gas is filtered fully, so the dust removal by filtration desulfurized effect is good.
2. the utility model is simple in structure, cost is lower.Wherein conical spiral nozzle is the existing product that sell in market, buys easily, and installation and removal simultaneously are convenient, are convenient to maintenance, so manufacturing cost and maintenance cost are all low, thereby improves economic benefit of enterprises.
3. the utility model mainly is applicable to industry pot (kiln) stove, be particularly useful for the higher boiler of smoke dust discharge concentration, also be applicable to scenic spot, visit open city that efficiency of dust collection is had relatively high expectations simultaneously, and the city do not have the black smoke control zone, for hot and humid concentration and the gas and the Industrial Stoves flue dust that contain the caking property dust higher purification efficiency also arranged.
4. the utility model market prospects are wide, are beneficial to promotion and implementation, have good social benefit and economic benefit after the popularization.
Four. description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of impact type desulfurizing dust-collector
Fig. 2 is the left view of impact type desulfurizing dust-collector shown in Figure 1
Five. the specific embodiment:
Embodiment one: referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, among the figure, the upper end of impact type desulfurizing dust-collector housing 13 is provided with exhanst gas outlet 11, its side is provided with gas approach 12, this gas approach 12 is communicated with the spray chamber 2 on deduster inner chamber top, be provided with turbulence type exhaust gases passes 4 and vortex chamber 3 between spray chamber 2 and the mud pit 6, between spray chamber 2 outer walls and deduster inwall, be provided with separation chamber 7, mud hopper 5 lower ends are equipped with drain valve 8, mud hopper 5 is communicated with level control box 9, level control box 9 is fixed on the deduster shell 13, and be provided with overflow pipe 10, conical spiral nozzle 1 is installed in gas approach 12, and the moisture film of this conical spiral nozzle 1 ejection is the filled circles cone-shaped, and is communicated with the water pipe 14 of water supply installation.Air-introduced machine (not drawing among the figure) is installed on the exhanst gas outlet 11, and is provided with the synchronous opening/closing controlling organization between air-introduced machine and the conical spiral nozzle 1.
The purification process of this structure is: after desulfurizing dust-collector is filled with water to priming level voluntarily, air-introduced machine starts, conical spiral nozzle 1 begins water spray simultaneously, the dust-laden of uniform temperature and the gas of sulfur dioxide are by bore the moisture film that is produced by conical spiral nozzle 1 thoroughly from gas approach 12, water is further atomized, increase the chance that grit contacts with water in the flue gas, grit increases the weight of, and realizes first class purification; High speed impact is on operating fluid level behind the bump of spray chamber 2 inwalls downwards then for flue gas, and big grit is caught by water because of the gravity effect, and sulfur dioxide gas fully contacts with buck, realizes secondary purification; Tiny grit at large and sulfur dioxide gas carry a part of water that a large amount of water smokes of rolling because of impact break through conical spiral nozzle 1 ejection at a high speed with gas and flow down the left and right sides twice moisture film of formation along spray chamber 2 flue tube walls, realize three grades of purifications; Enter vortex chamber 3 through exhaust gases passes chamber 4, the centrifugal force that produces owing to the arcuate structure of vortex chamber 3, make air-flow several times circulate, and the operating fluid level that impacts mud pit 5 evokes a large amount of sprays and water smoke, make in the flue gas and must be able to carry out abundant must the contact with pernicious gas by micronic dust with water, air water fully contacts, and sulfur dioxide gas is absorbed by buck, and grit is adhered to by water droplet; Because turning to suddenly, gas enters drop separation chamber 7 formation centrifugal force, the grit that water droplet is adhered to is thrown to outer wall, and suitable wall flows down, the micronic dust of catching and the drop of pernicious gas slowly break away from air-flow and drop in the mud pit 6, thereby tiny grit is caught by water, sulfur dioxide gas is purified, and realizes that level Four purifies; Air-flow after the purification is discharged by exhanst gas outlet 11 under the effect of air-introduced machine; Like this, grit in the flue gas and sulfur dioxide by four secondary actions, are substantially all removed in clarifier.The grit and the sulfur dioxide of being caught by water enter sedimentation basin reaction, precipitation, dehydration from the clarifier bottom through quantitative drain valve 8 discharges, behind the clear water adjustment pH value, squeeze into clarifier by pump and recycle.
Embodiment two: present embodiment and embodiment one are basic identical, and something in common does not repeat, and difference is: conical spiral nozzle 1 is two, is arranged side by side.

Claims (7)

1. impact type desulfurizing dust-collector, contain housing, gas approach, spray chamber, vortex chamber, turbulence type exhaust gases passes, mud hopper, mud pit, level control box, drain valve, dewatering station and exhanst gas outlet, it is characterized in that: in gas approach, be mounted with one or more conical spiral nozzle, the cross current of this conical spiral nozzle and water supply installation.
2. impact type desulfurizing dust-collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the axis of conical spiral nozzle is positioned on the horizontal center line of gas approach, and the moisture film of conical spiral nozzle ejection is filled circles cone-shaped or hollow cone cavity shape.
3. impact type desulfurizing dust-collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the vortex chamber inwall is connected by the arc surface of some and forms.
4. impact type desulfurizing dust-collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the below of gas approach is a spray chamber, and this spray chamber inwall is connected by broken line plane, top and lower curved face and forms.
5. impact type desulfurizing dust-collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: overflow pipe is installed in the level control box.
6. impact type desulfurizing dust-collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be connected with air-introduced machine on the exhanst gas outlet.
7. impact type desulfurizing dust-collector according to claim 6 is characterized in that: be provided with the synchronous opening/closing controlling organization between air-introduced machine and the conical spiral nozzle.
CN 200420074646 2004-09-13 2004-09-13 Impacting type apparatus for sulphur-removing and dust-removing Expired - Fee Related CN2724815Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420074646 CN2724815Y (en) 2004-09-13 2004-09-13 Impacting type apparatus for sulphur-removing and dust-removing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420074646 CN2724815Y (en) 2004-09-13 2004-09-13 Impacting type apparatus for sulphur-removing and dust-removing

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2724815Y true CN2724815Y (en) 2005-09-14

Family

ID=35039543

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200420074646 Expired - Fee Related CN2724815Y (en) 2004-09-13 2004-09-13 Impacting type apparatus for sulphur-removing and dust-removing

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2724815Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102744168A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-24 无锡翱翔环保机械有限公司 Supply water spray head for thermal deaerator
CN109078419A (en) * 2017-06-13 2018-12-25 美的集团股份有限公司 Air purifier

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102744168A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-24 无锡翱翔环保机械有限公司 Supply water spray head for thermal deaerator
CN109078419A (en) * 2017-06-13 2018-12-25 美的集团股份有限公司 Air purifier

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204816213U (en) High -efficient wet flue gas desulfurization dust removal integrated device
CN106582248B (en) flue gas wet desulphurization and dust removal integrated device and process
CN105879650B (en) A kind of bubble type desulfurization and dedusting machine system
CN202951399U (en) Magnesium oxide process desulfurization system
CN108671723B (en) Ultrasonic synchronous desulfurization and dust removal integrated device
CN110038372B (en) Wet purification and dust removal device capable of realizing ultralow emission of particulate matters
CN2843595Y (en) Multi-stage spiral-plate leaf desulfurizing dust collector
CN2748159Y (en) Desulfurizing and dedusting arrangement with multi-stage water film
CN2636098Y (en) Double-cylinder type foam desulfurization dust removing integrated device
CN2808276Y (en) Large-volume high-concentration fume purifying equipment
CN2724815Y (en) Impacting type apparatus for sulphur-removing and dust-removing
CN2797900Y (en) Wet type flue-gas purification equipment
CN101007238A (en) Radial grading desulfurization dust-removing device
CN2740908Y (en) Row impacting desulfurization dust colelctor
CN2658145Y (en) Desulfurization dust removal device for smoke of glass smelting kiln
CN2838732Y (en) Enhanced water bathing desulfurization dust cleaner
CN2897405Y (en) Double-sectional and circulating dust-collecting desulfurizer
CN2386872Y (en) Pneumatic desulfurization dusting appts.
CN2850694Y (en) Highly-efficient multi-stage purification device for furnace flue gas
CN206881489U (en) A kind of boiler desulfurization absorption plant of flue gas deep purifying
CN2456818Y (en) Wet cyclone type desupherizing and dust removing device
CN206082113U (en) Bubbling type desulfurization dust shaker
CN106390652B (en) A kind of Wet-type high-efficient eddy flow removing fine particle device
CN106984116B (en) High-efficient gas purification tower and gas treatment system
CN205164410U (en) Wet flue gas desulfurization dust removal combination tower

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee