CN2617519Y - Automatic electrode processing line - Google Patents

Automatic electrode processing line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2617519Y
CN2617519Y CN 03222308 CN03222308U CN2617519Y CN 2617519 Y CN2617519 Y CN 2617519Y CN 03222308 CN03222308 CN 03222308 CN 03222308 U CN03222308 U CN 03222308U CN 2617519 Y CN2617519 Y CN 2617519Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
card
electrode
claw
waggon
lathe
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 03222308
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈善元
戴爱国
朱强
黄五洲
刘勤
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陈善元
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Publication date
Application filed by 陈善元 filed Critical 陈善元
Priority to CN 03222308 priority Critical patent/CN2617519Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2617519Y publication Critical patent/CN2617519Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an electrode automatic machining line belonging to the field of mechanical processing art, which comprises a plurality of parallel machine tools, such as a boring leveling machine tool at both ends of the electrode, an electrode multi-cutter cylindrical lathe, an electrode double-thread chasing machine tool, and a work-piece conveying facility connecting the machine tools together to form a production line; wherein, the work-piece conveying facility is mainly composed of a gantry bracket, a transporting car, a claw beam and a mechanic plug; the gantry bracket supports the guide rail basically perpendicular to the parallel direction of the machine tool; the transporting car is equipped with a roller driving device and a lifting driving device. The roller of the transporting car is arranged on the guide rail; a basically vertical lifting column is fixed on the claw beam; the lifting column is docked with the lifting driving device on the transporting car; the mechanic plug is arranged on the claw beam. Compared with the platform-type conveying device, the utility model has the advantages of making full use of space, the significant decrease in the occupied area, the completion by dynamics whether the rise and fall or the transfer of the work-piece, flexible and convenient clamping, and the facilitation to the realization of automation.

Description

The electrode automatic machining line
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of machining transfer matic, especially a kind of by conveying device with the electrode automatic machining line that machining tool links together, belong to the machining equipment technical field.
Background technology
Graphite electrode is the important Purchased Item of metal smelt industry.Usually need process three road master operations by two ends bore hole strickling, turning, two ends inner hole cone screw thread and finish processing and manufacturing.Above operation need be finished on the different different machining tools of installation way, and the electrode volume is big, Heavy Weight, therefore in order at a dass electrode to be processed, need form production line with carrying facility that each machining tool is linked together.Because the graphite electrode material softness, bulky, requirement on machining accuracy is high, so process equipment is special.Have only a few countries such as the U.S., Japan to make at present in the world.
According to applicant's understanding, existing electrode processing line adopts platform-type conveying usually, and soon the electrode workpiece is seated in and is fixed on the lathe delivery platform on every side, is transported to each machining tool place according to the order of sequence, refills folder processing.This production line exists needs ascending, descending clamping repeatedly, the station of workpiece to shift and control is all convenient inadequately automatically, and defective such as floor space is big.
In addition, the applicant thinks, the bore hole of existing graphite electrode processing first working procedure is wipeed the clamping workpiece mode of lathe and 4 clampings of electrode thread machining tool employing off, the centering trouble, and inaccurate, influence crudy, especially inner hole cone screw thread manufacturing procedure, because the bond strength when not only directly influencing electrode and using, and the electric conductivity of electrode also there is fundamental influence.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is: the electrode automatic machining line that proposes a kind of workpiece transfer convenient mounting and clamping, is convenient to realize automation and saves floor space.
In order to reach above purpose, electrode automatic machining line of the present utility model comprises the parallel electrode both-end bore hole strickling lathe of settling, electrode multitool cylindrical lathe, the two screw thread comb of electrode machining tool, and each machining tool workpiece of forming production line that links together carried facility, described workpiece carries facility mainly by gantry support, waggon, the claw beam, the machinery card is formed, fixed support is basically perpendicular to the guide rail of lathe and line direction on the gantry support, roller driving device and lifting drive are housed on the waggon, the roller of waggon is placed on the guide rail, fixing vertical substantially lifting column on the claw beam, lifting column is connected with lifting drive on the waggon, and the machinery card is installed on the claw beam.
After mechanical clip is lived excircle of workpiece, under the driving of lifting drive, slowly rise with the claw beam, drive by roller driving device again, move to next lathe top with waggon along guide rail, then lifting drive is started working again, workpiece is dropped on the lathe release mechanism card, transfer to the clamping of lathe clamping device, waggon resets.When processing line of the present utility model moves, after the manipulator holding workpiece on the conveying device, raise up, be transported to the special purpose machine tool place that needs clamping workpiece, and send relative position signals, fall workpiece again.After treating clamping workpiece, processing, carry facility to start working again, repeat above process, Workpiece transfer is arrived next lathe, until completion of processing.Compare with existing platform-type conveying device, the utility model has made full use of the space, so floor space obviously reduces, and no matter be workpiece lifting, shift and finish by power, clamping is flexible, is convenient to realize automation.
Obviously, the utility model ingenious conception, simple in structure, cost economy, safe in utilization.After estimating to release, will be subjected to people's popular welcome, have good market prospects.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the A-A sound face enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of waggon among Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing of lifting column among Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing of position, mechanical card division among Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the clamp structure schematic diagram that electrode both-end bore hole is wipeed lathe and the two screw thread comb of electrode machining tool off among Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one
The whole situation of the electrode automatic machining line of present embodiment comprises the work stage 1,1 ' of rear and front end as shown in Figure 1; Electrode both-end bore hole is wipeed lathe 2 off; Electrode multitool cylindrical lathe 3, the two screw thread comb of electrode machining tool 4; Workpiece is carried facility 5.Each lathe is parallel to be settled, and workpiece carries facility 5 with each machining tool composition production line that links together.
Workpiece carries facility 5 to be made up of four groups of gantry support 5-1, waggon 5-2, claw beam 5-3, four groups of machinery card 5-4.Four groups of common fixed supports in gantry support 5-1 both sides are perpendicular to two parallel conductive beam-and-rail 5-5 of lathe and line direction, fixed guide 5-8 on the guide rail beam.Main oil cylinder 5-6 of driving and lifting driving cylinder 5-7 are housed on the waggon 5-2.As seen from Figure 2, the roller 5-9 on waggon 5-2 both sides is placed on the guide rail 5-8.Therefore, when the master drove cylinder action, waggon 5-2 can move to desired location along guide rail 5-8.
By Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 as can be seen, the lifting column 5-10 of claw beam 5-3 two ends fixed vertical, lifting column 5-10 is inserted among the lifting guide pin bushing 5-12 at waggon 5-2 two ends, and its upper end is connected by contiguous block 5-11 with the two lifting driving cylinder pistons that symmetry is fixed on waggon 5-2.When driving cylinder moved, claw beam 5-3 can realize required elevating movement thereupon.
5-4 is uniform is installed on the claw beam 5-3 for four groups of machinery cards, its detailed structure as shown in Figure 5, the adjusting rod 5-13 of two symmetries is " people " font and is supported on the machinery card 5-4, and by secondary 5-18 of bevel gear engagement, the external part of a screw mandrel is equipped with rocking handle 5-19 to the top head for it.The card of two symmetries refers to that frame 5-17 is connected with adjusting nut 5-14 respectively, and two adjusting nut 5-14 mesh with regulating screw mandrel respectively, constitute " Jie " font structure.The cylinder body upper end of convergent-divergent driving cylinder 5-15 refers to that with card frame 5-17 is hinged, and the piston lower end refers to that with card the end of 5-16 is hinged, and card refers to that 5-16 is " V " font, and middle part and card refer to that frame 5-17 is hinged.Screw mandrel 5-13 is regulated in rocking-turn, can change two symmetries and block the interval that refers between the frame 5-17, thereby adapt to the workpiece of clamping different-diameter.After card referred to that the position of frame 5-17 is determined, during the piston-retraction of convergent-divergent driving cylinder 5-15, card referred to that 5-16 stretches out, thereby down either side that can the jacking cylindrical work is steadily blocked it; When the piston of convergent-divergent driving cylinder 5-15 stretched out, card referred to that 5-16 shrinks, and unclamps workpiece.
The lathe bed C-9 middle part that electrode both-end bore hole is wipeed lathe and the two screw thread comb of electrode machining tool off is equipped with two work holder C-6 and a workpiece support C-8, as shown in Figure 6, the front side of clamping device C-6 is the C clamp card C-13 that oblique upper 60 degree and oblique below 60 degree are respectively equipped with bite, rear side is the horizontal mounting board C-12 that is provided with horizontal bite, the bottom support of two mounting boards is on the track C-7 that is fixed in lathe bed C-9 middle part, and respectively by nut with just be installed under the cross track C-7, the derotation threaded screw rod is connected, constitute horizontal clamp mechanism, just, one end of derotation threaded screw rod is connected with horizontal clamping hydraulic motor C-11, just, it is 1: 2 that the line of derotation screw thread is counted ratio.After workpiece is in place, when transverse hydraulic motor C-11 rotates, draw close to the center simultaneously by leading screw and nut mechanism drive C clamp card C-13 and horizontal mounting board C-12, and because the positive and negative line that revolves screw thread is counted ratio is 1: 2, therefore horizontal mounting board C-12 is to move uniform force application ground self-centering clamping work pieces than C clamp card C-13 speed fast again.
In a word, when the processing line of present embodiment moved, under the control of system, master cylinder 5-6 drove waggon 5-2 and is being with claw beam 5-3 to make to move (referring to Fig. 1), fall machinery card 5-4, block on the workbench 1, also can block simultaneously and need the workpiece that moves on each lathe; Then claw beam 5-3 clips the workpiece rise under the drive of lifting driving cylinder 5-7, is shifted to the right to next station with waggon 5-2 again, and workpiece is dropped on the workpiece support C-8, and card refers to that 5-16 unclamps, and changes by work holder C-6 clamping, enters machining state.The claw beam then resets and prepares clamping conveying workpieces next time, whole process full-automation.The subsequent operation process can the rest may be inferred, until finishing whole processing, the finished product workpiece is put on the workbench 1 '.
Obviously the clamping of lifting, transfer and the lathe of this electrode automatic assembly line workpiece organically combines, convenient and reliable, realized the multistation synchronous transport, can improve work efficiency greatly, and had that floor space is little, the operating space opens wide, the high obvious advantage of automaticity.
In addition to the implementation, the utility model can also have other embodiments.All employings are equal to replaces the technical scheme that conversion forms, and all drops in the protection domain of the utility model requirement.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of electrode automatic machining line, comprise the parallel numerical control electrode both-end bore hole strickling lathe of settling, numerical control electrode multitool cylindrical lathe, the two screw thread comb of numerical control electrode machining tool, and each machining tool workpiece of forming production line that links together carried facility, it is characterized in that: described workpiece carries facility mainly by gantry support, waggon, the claw beam, the machinery card is formed, fixed support is basically perpendicular to the guide rail of lathe and line direction on the gantry support, roller driving device and lifting drive are housed on the waggon, the roller of waggon is placed on the guide rail, fixing vertical substantially lifting column on the claw beam, lifting column is connected with lifting drive on the waggon, and the machinery card is installed on the claw beam.
2, according to the described electrode automatic machining line of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described gantry support has four groups, and the common fixed support in both sides is perpendicular to two parallel conductive beam-and-rails of lathe and line direction, fixed guide on the guide rail beam; Main oil cylinder and the lifting driving cylinder of driving is housed on the described waggon, and the roller on both sides is placed on the guide rail; The lifting column of described claw beam two ends fixed vertical, described lifting column is inserted in the lifting guide pin bushing at waggon two ends, and its upper end is connected by contiguous block with the two lifting driving cylinder pistons that symmetry is fixed on the waggon; Described machinery card has four groups, uniform being installed on the claw beam.
3, according to the described electrode automatic machining line of claim 2, it is characterized in that: in the described machinery card, the adjusting screw mandrel of two symmetries is " people " font and is supported on the machinery card, and it meshes by bevel gear the top head; The card of two symmetries refers to that frame is connected with adjusting nut respectively, and two adjusting nuts mesh with regulating screw mandrel respectively, constitute " Jie " font structure; The cylinder body upper end of convergent-divergent driving cylinder refers to that with card frame is hinged, and the piston lower end is hinged with the end that card refers to, card refers to be " V " font, and middle part and card refer to that frame is hinged.
4, according to claim 1,2 or 3 described electrode automatic machining lines, it is characterized in that: work holder is installed at the lathe bed middle part of described lathe, the front side of described clamping device is the C clamp card that each oblique below 60 degree of oblique upper 60 degree are respectively equipped with bite, rear side is the horizontal mounting board that is provided with horizontal bite, the bottom support of two mounting boards is on the cross track that is fixed in the lathe bed middle part, and respectively by nut with just be installed under the cross track, the derotation threaded screw rod is connected, constitute horizontal clamp mechanism, just, one end of derotation threaded screw rod is connected with the horizontal motor that clamps, just, it is 1: 2 that the line of derotation screw thread is counted ratio.
CN 03222308 2003-06-03 2003-06-03 Automatic electrode processing line Expired - Fee Related CN2617519Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 03222308 CN2617519Y (en) 2003-06-03 2003-06-03 Automatic electrode processing line

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 03222308 CN2617519Y (en) 2003-06-03 2003-06-03 Automatic electrode processing line

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2617519Y true CN2617519Y (en) 2004-05-26

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CN (1) CN2617519Y (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101524810B (en) * 2009-03-16 2010-06-09 陈善元 Completely numerical control high-precision charcoal processing automatic line
CN103182744A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-07-03 泰兴市晨光高新技术开发有限公司 Continuous processing method and processing production line for graphite electrodes
CN103203473A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-07-17 常熟市强盛冲压件有限公司 Automatic turning control system of fuse contact
CN103586692A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-19 安庆市亿豪工贸发展有限公司 Automatic processing center of portal frame polished shaft
CN103978401A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-08-13 襄阳中铁宏吉工程技术有限公司 Prestress anchorage device clamping piece mechanical processing automatic transportation line
CN104608260A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-13 中国地质大学(武汉) Automatic processing device used for manufacturing spectra graphite electrode
CN107498370A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-12-22 珠海格力精密模具有限公司 electrode machining device
CN110842559A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-02-28 武汉纺织大学 Electrode bending and installing welding system

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101524810B (en) * 2009-03-16 2010-06-09 陈善元 Completely numerical control high-precision charcoal processing automatic line
CN103182744A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-07-03 泰兴市晨光高新技术开发有限公司 Continuous processing method and processing production line for graphite electrodes
CN103203473A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-07-17 常熟市强盛冲压件有限公司 Automatic turning control system of fuse contact
CN103978401A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-08-13 襄阳中铁宏吉工程技术有限公司 Prestress anchorage device clamping piece mechanical processing automatic transportation line
CN103978401B (en) * 2013-10-30 2016-08-24 襄阳中铁宏吉工程技术有限公司 Pre-stress anchor clipper machining automatic conveyor line
CN103586692A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-19 安庆市亿豪工贸发展有限公司 Automatic processing center of portal frame polished shaft
CN104608260A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-13 中国地质大学(武汉) Automatic processing device used for manufacturing spectra graphite electrode
CN104608260B (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-01-27 中国地质大学(武汉) A kind of automatic machining device for the production of spectrum graphite electrode
CN107498370A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-12-22 珠海格力精密模具有限公司 electrode machining device
CN107498370B (en) * 2017-08-15 2019-11-26 珠海格力精密模具有限公司 Electrode machining device
CN110842559A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-02-28 武汉纺织大学 Electrode bending and installing welding system
CN110842559B (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-10-16 武汉纺织大学 Electrode bending and installing welding system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee