CN2462670Y - Knapsack sprayer for use in garden - Google Patents

Knapsack sprayer for use in garden Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2462670Y
CN2462670Y CN 01215916 CN01215916U CN2462670Y CN 2462670 Y CN2462670 Y CN 2462670Y CN 01215916 CN01215916 CN 01215916 CN 01215916 U CN01215916 U CN 01215916U CN 2462670 Y CN2462670 Y CN 2462670Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
orchard
shower nozzle
force pump
medicine
distributing pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 01215916
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张晓辉
李法德
李修渠
郭清南
侯存良
赵东
陈常礼
王再兴
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Agricultural University filed Critical Shandong Agricultural University
Priority to CN 01215916 priority Critical patent/CN2462670Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2462670Y publication Critical patent/CN2462670Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to a pesticide spraying device processing plant protection work for an orchard. The utility model is mainly composed of a medicine box, a force fetching device, a transmission shaft, a pressure pump, a drain pipe, a liquid sucking pipe, a belt pulley, a blower, a pressure gauge, an air outlet, a sprinkler, an annular distributing pipe of the sprinkler, a control device, a wind pressing plate, a machine frame, etc. A power output shaft of a tractor is used as a power source which is organically combined with a mist work unit of the orchard. Fog droplets are crushed subtly and delivered by wind to an object by using a mist mode of mutually combining high-pressure atomization and impact breaking of air flow, and penetrability of the fog droplets and spraying uniformity are enhanced. Diameters of the fog droplets are reduced to about 100 microns, pesticide spraying concentration and range are enlarged, formulation rate is reduced, and productivity, leaf loading area of physic liquor and work quality are enhanced.

Description

Novel backpack orchard mist sprayer
The utility model belongs to the pesticide spraying device that carries out the plant protection operation for the orchard.
The present planting fruit trees area of China has reached 8,000 ten thousand mu, and the techniques of pest control of existing orchard fruit tree and instrument still rest on the level of the seventies, the usage amount of small-sized hand-operated sprayer accounts for more than 90%, and be traditional press atomization method, fogdrop diameter is big, penetrability and atomization quality is poor, productivity ratio is low, exist also simultaneously that agricultural chemicals and water resource waste are serious, problems such as environment and soil pollution, influenced the normal development of health and fruit-growing industry.
It is the airborne small-sized orchard atomizing equipment for plant protection of power source with the tractor with small four wheels that the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of; the atomizing mode of utilizing high-pressure atomization to combine with the gas shock fragmentation makes the in small, broken bits and wind of droplet deliver to target; strengthen the droplet penetrability and spray uniformity; reduce the fogdrop diameter size; increase pesticide spraying concentration and range; reduce formulation rate, boost productivity and work quality.
The utility model mainly is made up of medicine-chest, power takeoff, power transmission shaft, force pump, discharging tube, pipette, belt pulley, blower fan, manometer, air outlet, shower nozzle, ring-type injector distributing pipe, volume control device, pressure aerofoil and frame etc., be fixed on the back connecting plate of tractor with small four wheels after each parts combination, and be power source with the tractor motive power output shaft, organic assembling becomes orchard atomizing operation unit.
The low capacity agricultural chemicals atomizing that the utility model can be implemented under the airborne maneuvering condition sprays, liquor strength increases, water consumption reduces, thick droplet after the high-pressure nozzle atomizing is further broken under the blower fan high velocity air impacts, and makes about the 100 μ m that reduce to the atomizing sprinkling about the 300 μ m of fogdrop diameter by traditional spray.Simultaneously, the high speed eddy airstream has not only strengthened the penetration capacity of droplet greatly, but also being produced, leaf stirs, thereby improved adhesive force, distributing homogeneity and the blade face of soup on the blade face positive and negative the medicine ability, reduced the undue loss of soup, reduced the environmental pollution degree, improved working condition, productivity ratio can reach 8-10 mu/time, and economic benefit and social benefit are obvious, apply and market prospects wide.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a novel orchard mist sprayer structural representation.
1 is medicine-chest among the figure, the 2nd, and tractor with small four wheels, the 3rd, power takeoff, the 4th, clutch handle, the 5th, power transmission shaft, the 6th, force pump, the 7th, force pump driven pulley, the 8th, manometer, the 9th, discharging tube, the 10th, blower fan driven pulley, the 11st, shower nozzle, the 12nd, press aerofoil, the 13rd, fan outlet, the 14th, axial flow blower, the 15th, frame, the 16th, Fan Regulation screw rod, the 17th, blower fan drive pulley, the 18th, force pump drive pulley, the 19th, force pump adjusting screw(rod), the 20th, pipette.
Fig. 2 is a novel orchard mist sprayer duty rearview.
2 is tractors among the figure, the 11st, and shower nozzle, the 12nd, press aerofoil, the 17th, blower fan drive pulley, the 21st, draught fan impeller, the 22nd, blower fan protective cover, the 23rd, spray direction.
Fig. 3 is a novel orchard mist sprayer spraying system schematic diagram.
1 is medicine-chest among the figure, the 6th, and force pump, the 8th, manometer, the 9th, discharging tube, the 20th, pipette, the 24th, liquid level display, the 25th, filter, the 26th, mix the medicine jet pipe, the 27th, spray medicine valve, the 28th, the ring-type injector distributing pipe, the 29th, adjusting pressuring handle, the 30th, pressure regulator valve, the 31st, mix the medicine valve, the 32nd, mix pencil, the 33rd, draining valve.
The utility model most preferred embodiment:
The medicine-chest (1) that is processed by stainless steel material is connected and installed in before the tractor on the counterweight crossbeam with standard fasteners, pipette (20) connects medicine-chest (1) and force pump (6) through tractor chassis, what force pump (6) adopted is standard component ZMB-250 type membrane pump, belong to together on the lateral dynamics output shaft that power takeoff of the present utility model (3) is fixed in tractor left side, this horizontal transmission is vertical transmission, power is reached the frame (15) at rear through power transmission shaft (5), and by being installed in the force pump drive pulley (18) of power transmission shaft (5), blower fan drive pulley (17), force pump driven pulley (7) and blower fan driven pulley (10) drive force pump (6) and blower fan (14) work, and blower fan (14) design discharge is 7200m 3/ h, impeller diameter are that 540mm, rotating speed are the axial flow blower of 2300rpm, and the air outlet width is 100mm.Clutch handle (4) on the manipulation power takeoff (3) can be realized the switching of power.Shower nozzle (11) is fan-shaped ring and is configured in the anterior air outlet (13) of blower fan (14) and locates, ring-type injector distributing pipe (28) is in order to install shower nozzle, and be connected by the leakage fluid dram of discharging tube (9) with force pump (6), be attached with manometer (8) at leakage fluid dram, in order to show instant operating pressure.Blast plate (12) is installed on the top of fan outlet (13) with bolted splice, is used to adjust the size of atomizing segment angle.Force pump adjusting screw(rod) (19) and Fan Regulation screw rod (16) are respectively in order to regulate the rate of tension of force pump principal and subordinate's belt pulley (18), (7), blower fan principal and subordinate belt pulley (17), (10), and force pump (6) and blower fan (14) be fixed on the frame (15), frame (15) is by gusset piece Joint on double threaded screw and tractor (2) back axle.
The parts that the utility model is used, except that medicine-chest (1), power takeoff (3), power transmission shaft (5), belt pulley (10), (17), (18), blower fan (14), ring-type injector distributing pipe (28) and frame (15) etc. for designing voluntarily and processing, all the other parts are outsourcing standard universal spare.Medicine-chest (1) is to be welded by stainless steel, and medicine-chest filling opening place is equipped with filter (25), and batch process can be adopted the drawing processing mode, and other are metal material machineds such as common used material cast iron, 45,35, A3 steel and form.
During the utility model work, power takeoff (3) reaches force pump (6) and blower fan (14) makes its work with tractor dynamic power through power transmission shaft (5), force pump (6) sucks the pump chamber pressurization with the soup in the medicine-chest (1) by pipette (20), press to the thick droplet that is the strong shower nozzle of arranging (11) of ring and is atomized into 150-300 μ m through discharging tube (9), the high velocity air that is produced by blower fan (14) is located with droplet further impact comminution at air outlet (13) and is become fine mist below the 100 μ m, and wind delivers to target, thereby reached the atomizing effect.Duty and powershift can be realized by the clutch handle (4) on the power takeoff (3), the pump pressure size adjustment is finished by itself incidental pressure regulator valve (30) and adjusting pressuring handle (29), and show by manometer (8), liquid level display (24) but the current soup surplus of instant playback medicine-chest (1).Along with the continuous motion of atomizing unit in fruit tree row, the fan-shaped vaporific soup that is produced by the atomizing device is with longitudinal scanning both sides tree crown, and a stroke can be finished the plant protection operation of two capable fruit tree inboards.
Main performance index:
Layman's size (containing tractor) length * wide * high 3700 * 1200 * 1200mm
Unit connected mode: backpack
Mating power: 8.8-11.2kw wheel tractor
Spray pattern: wind send atomizing
Fogdrop diameter:<150 μ m
Working width: 4m
Medicine-chest volume: 120L
Maximum discharge rate: 30L/min
Productivity ratio: 8-10 mu/time.

Claims (5)

1. novel backpack orchard mist sprayer, mainly form by medicine-chest, force pump, pipette, discharging tube, ring-type injector distributing pipe, shower nozzle, power takeoff, transmission device, volume control device and axial flow blower etc., it is characterized in that medicine-chest passes through force pump, discharging tube by pipette, is connected with the ring-type injector distributing pipe.
2. a kind of novel backpack according to claim 1 orchard mist sprayer, it is characterized in that by certain distance several shower nozzles being installed on the ring-type injector distributing pipe, shower nozzle radially is sector shape and arranges that shower nozzle distributing pipe and shower nozzle also can be processed into the horizontal cross bar shape of downward sprinkling.
3. a kind of novel backpack according to claim 1 orchard mist sprayer is characterized in that power transmission shaft one end links to each other with power takeoff, and the other end is equipped with drive pulley, drives force pump and blower fan belt pulley by belt pulley.
4. a kind of novel backpack according to claim 1 orchard mist sprayer, it is characterized in that medicine-chest is installed on the preceding counterweight crossbeam of tractor, host machine part such as force pump, blower fan and volume control device all are fixed on the frame, and frame is by stud and tractor rear axle joint cover Joint.
5. a kind of novel backpack according to claim 1 orchard mist sprayer is characterized in that shower nozzle is relative with fan outlet to install, and equidistant configuration presses aerofoil to be installed on the top of fan outlet with bolted splice.
CN 01215916 2001-01-11 2001-01-11 Knapsack sprayer for use in garden Expired - Fee Related CN2462670Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01215916 CN2462670Y (en) 2001-01-11 2001-01-11 Knapsack sprayer for use in garden

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01215916 CN2462670Y (en) 2001-01-11 2001-01-11 Knapsack sprayer for use in garden

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2462670Y true CN2462670Y (en) 2001-12-05

Family

ID=33634419

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 01215916 Expired - Fee Related CN2462670Y (en) 2001-01-11 2001-01-11 Knapsack sprayer for use in garden

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2462670Y (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102671804A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-09-19 华南农业大学 Separated air drum of electric air-assisted spraying machine
CN102728504A (en) * 2012-06-11 2012-10-17 华南农业大学 Mechanical air-assisted spraying machine
CN102893970A (en) * 2012-11-09 2013-01-30 临沂三禾永佳动力有限公司 Fan-shaped seamless spraying device of spraying machine
CN110178823A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-08-30 南京林业大学 A kind of orchard precision and quantity-variation spraying system and method
CN115176790A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-10-14 湖南永粮机械股份有限公司 Air-assisted atomizing and water-atomizing tractor for plant protection of fruit trees

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102671804A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-09-19 华南农业大学 Separated air drum of electric air-assisted spraying machine
CN102671804B (en) * 2012-05-14 2014-12-03 华南农业大学 Separated air drum of electric air-assisted spraying machine
CN102728504A (en) * 2012-06-11 2012-10-17 华南农业大学 Mechanical air-assisted spraying machine
CN102893970A (en) * 2012-11-09 2013-01-30 临沂三禾永佳动力有限公司 Fan-shaped seamless spraying device of spraying machine
CN110178823A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-08-30 南京林业大学 A kind of orchard precision and quantity-variation spraying system and method
CN110178823B (en) * 2019-07-03 2023-09-22 南京林业大学 Orchard accurate variable spraying system and method
CN115176790A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-10-14 湖南永粮机械股份有限公司 Air-assisted atomizing and water-atomizing tractor for plant protection of fruit trees
CN115176790B (en) * 2022-08-26 2023-11-24 湖南永粮机械股份有限公司 Air-assisted mist and water mist fruit tree plant protection tractor

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee