CN2436817Y - High-efficient energy-saving water-heating furnace - Google Patents

High-efficient energy-saving water-heating furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2436817Y
CN2436817Y CN 00212262 CN00212262U CN2436817Y CN 2436817 Y CN2436817 Y CN 2436817Y CN 00212262 CN00212262 CN 00212262 CN 00212262 U CN00212262 U CN 00212262U CN 2436817 Y CN2436817 Y CN 2436817Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat collector
heater
bucket
neck
furnace body
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 00212262
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
娄明祥
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娄明祥
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Priority to CN 00212262 priority Critical patent/CN2436817Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2436817Y publication Critical patent/CN2436817Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an improved high-efficient energy-saving water-heating furnace, which comprises an inner barrel of the furnace body, an outer barrel of the furnace body, a water filling pipe, a supporting plate for smoke necks, an inner smoke neck, an outer smoke neck, a water outlet pipe joint, a water tank, a furnace body end plate, a furnace upper opening, a combustion chamber, and a grate. The utility model is characterized in that a preheating water storage interlayer is arranged between the inner barrel of the furnace body and the outer barrel the furnace body; the upper end of the inner barrel of the furnace body is provided with a heat accumulating device, and an inner cavity of the heat accumulating device is a heating water storage interlayer which is communicated with the preheating water storage interlayer; a high-temperature water storage interlayer is arranged between the inner smoke neck and the outer smoke neck, one end of the high-temperature water storage interlayer is communicated with the heating water storage interlayer, and the other end is communicated with the water outlet pipe joint; a fire collecting ring is arranged above the heat accumulating device; the inner wall of the inner barrel of the furnace body is coated with a heat-insulating layer. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, good burning condition, high heat producing speed, wide fuel, smoke elimination, dust removing, and small volume.

Description

Energy-efficient water heater
The utility model relates to a kind of combustion apparatus, is the improvement to existing civilian non-pressure hot water stove.
Existing non-pressure hot water stove is widely used in the cities and towns, subsection and rural huge numbers of families' heat supply water, warm oneself, have a bath and cooking etc., can satisfy user's use basically.Its weak point is: the thermal efficiency is low, coal consumption is high, sanitary condition is poor, specifications and models are numerous and diverse, crudy is poor, directly influences the result of use of stove and accessory.
It is a kind of reasonable in design, simple in structure that the purpose of this utility model is to provide, and fuel is extensive, and heating surface is big, and burning condition is good, and heat production speed is fast, fuel saving, and smoke abatement and dust control, volume is little, the series of high efficiency energy-saving hot water stove that function is many.
The technical solution of the utility model is: comprise the outer bucket 1 of body of heater; bucket 2 in the body of heater; water injecting pipeline 4; cigarette neck supporting plate 9; interior cigarette neck 10; foreign cigarette neck 11; titting water outlet 13; water tank 14; body of heater end socket 18; stove suitable for reading 19; combustion chamber 21; fire grate 22; be provided with preheating retaining interlayer 6 between it is characterized in that outside body of heater in bucket 1 and the body of heater barrels 2; the upper end of bucket 2 is provided with heat collector 8 in body of heater; the inner chamber of heat collector 8 is the retaining interlayer 15 of heating; it is communicated with preheating retaining interlayer 6; between interior cigarette neck 10 and foreign cigarette neck 11, be provided with high temperature retaining interlayer 12; the one end is communicated with the retaining interlayer 15 of heating; the other end is communicated with titting water outlet 13; the top of heat collector 8 is provided with fire holding cycle 17, scribbles heat-insulation layer 5 on the inwall of bucket 2 in the body of heater.
Advantage of the present utility model: be on the basis of normal domestic water heater, set up preheating retaining interlayer, heat retaining interlayer and high temperature retaining interlayer, carry out in the process of heat exchange water temperature being raise at water so step by step.It is better particularly to have set up heat collector, fire holding cycle and heat-insulation layer effect.Heat collector is except that itself can playing the effect of heating, and it and fire holding cycle also can play heat build-up together, hold together fire action.The bottom of when flame is up scurried from the combustion chamber, pouncing on heat collector, forcing flame to concentrate goes out from heat collector mesopore and flame spray orifice, improved the firing rate of water, the density and the intensity of flame have been strengthened simultaneously, strengthen the intensity of a fire, created good burning condition, made stove fire burn more prosperous and more prosperous, dant also can burnout.Scurry above the heat collector rightly when flame, fire holding cycle plays secondary and holds together fire, poly-fire action, makes the intensity of a fire continue to strengthen.When the powerful intensity of a fire is emitted plug for outlet, can improve the cooking operating speed.If cover bell, the then powerful intensity of a fire turns to interior cigarette neck, has accelerated the firing rate of high-temperature region.Heat-insulation layer is made with insulation material, its effect, and the one, do not make the fuel of the water cooling combustion chamber of preheating retaining interlayer, in body of heater, form separation layer between bucket and the combustion chamber, the protection furnace temperature, it is prosperous that stove fire, and stove does not go out; The 2nd, dwindle combustion volume, concentrate firepower increases heating surface, radiating surface, and heat conduction velocity is accelerated; The 3rd, do not allow flame directly burn bucket in the body of heater, in order to avoid decarburization, oxidation, corrosion, prolong stove and accessory service life.Set up above-mentioned part, remedied the deficiency of former normal domestic water heater, reach energy-efficient purpose, thereby the normal domestic water heater is transformed into energy-efficient water heater.
Following accompanying drawing has been described embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 1 is the utility model general structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Fig. 7, Fig. 9 are heat collector structural representation in the utility model;
Fig. 4, Fig. 6, Fig. 8, Figure 10 are respectively the A-A profile of Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Fig. 7, Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is a fire holding cycle structural representation in the utility model;
Figure 12 is the vertical view of Figure 11.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in detail.As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the utility model comprises that bucket 2 in the outer bucket 1 of body of heater, the body of heater, water injecting pipeline 4, cigarette neck supporting plate 9, interior cigarette neck 10, foreign cigarette neck 11, titting water outlet 13, water tank 14, body of heater end socket 18, stove are suitable for reading 19, combustion chamber 21, fire grate 22, and wherein bucket 2 constitutes the body of heater basic frameworks in the outer bucket 1 of body of heater, the body of heater.Bucket 2 places in the outer bucket 1 of body of heater in the body of heater, and its lower end is welded on the inwall of the outer bucket 1 of body of heater, and leaves certain interval, forms preheating retaining interlayer 6.Bucket 2 upper ends are provided with heat collector 8 in the body of heater, and the inner chamber of heat collector 8 is the retaining interlayer 15 of heating, and it is communicated with preheating retaining interlayer 6.The structure of heat collector 8 can adopt multiple mode, wherein, heat collector 8 can adopt horse's hoe shape (seeing Fig. 3, Fig. 4), be that heat collector 8 is welded by sheet 82, heat collector inner ring 83 under horse's hoe shape heat collector last slice 81, the horse's hoe shape heat collector, wherein, the cylindrical of sheet 82 is welded on the upper end of bucket 2 in the body of heater under the horse's hoe shape heat collector, and the interior circle of heat collector 8 seals with heat collector inner ring 83.Heat collector 8 is provided with flame spray orifice 16.Heat collector also can be made crescent (seeing Fig. 5, Fig. 6), be that heat collector 8 is welded by sheet 82, heat collector inner ring 83 under crescent heat collector last slice 81, the crescent heat collector, wherein, the cylindrical of sheet 82 is welded on the upper end of bucket 2 in the body of heater under the crescent heat collector, the interior circle of heat collector 8 seals with heat collector inner ring 83, and heat collector 8 is provided with flame spray orifice 16.Heat collector 8 can also be formed (seeing Fig. 7, Fig. 8) by the cast iron materials monoblock cast, and the cylindrical of its lower surface 82 is welded on the upper end of bucket 2 in the body of heater, and heat collector 8 is provided with flame spray orifice 16.In addition, heat collector can also be surrounded (seeing Fig. 9, Figure 10) by seamless steel pipe, and its opening part base is welded on the upper end of bucket 2 in the body of heater, and heat collector 8 is provided with flame spray orifice 16.One side of the outer bucket 1 of body of heater is provided with grey-way 3, the outer bucket of the dual-side of grey-way 3 and body of heater 1 surface soldered, and weld mutually with the bottom surface of cigarette neck supporting plate 9 grey-way 3 upper surfaces, and the lower end of grey-way 3 is opened wide, and is beneficial to ventilation.Cigarette neck supporting plate 9 welds with the interior bucket 2 of body of heater, the outer bucket 1 of body of heater and grey-way 3 mutually near an end of body of heater, and with the suitable angle that rises, makes smoke evacuation smooth and easy.Interior cigarette neck 10 dual-sides are welded in the top centre position of cigarette neck supporting plate 9, the lower end of interior cigarette neck 10 and the welding mutually of the outer bucket 1 of body of heater, and insert in the chimney upper end.Be provided with foreign cigarette neck 11 above the interior cigarette neck 10, foreign cigarette neck 11 is wideer than interior cigarette neck 10, its width equates with cigarette neck supporting plate 9, the dual-side of foreign cigarette neck 11 welds mutually with cigarette neck supporting plate 9 edges, and on the cigarette neck 10, weld mutually with body of heater end socket 18 its lower end in covering on, weld mutually with interior cigarette neck 10 upper end, the top of the bottom surface of foreign cigarette neck 11 and interior cigarette neck 10 and two sides form high temperature retaining interlayer 12, and its end near body of heater is communicated with the retaining interlayer 15 of heating, and the other end is communicated with titting water outlet 13.The upper end of heat collector 8 is fire holding cycle 17 (seeing Figure 11, Figure 12); the last slice cylindrical of the lower surface of fire holding cycle 17 and heat collector 8 welds, and weld mutually with body of heater end socket 18 inner chambers fire holding cycle 17 upper surfaces, and the water route is sealed; fire holding cycle 17 had both worked fire action, worked body of heater end socket 18 effects of supporting again.Bucket 2 inwall scribbles heat-insulation layer 5 in body of heater, and it both can protect furnace temperature, dwindled combustion volume, can not allow flame directly burn bucket in the body of heater again, to prolong stove and accessory service life.Body of heater end socket 18 welds mutually with the outer bucket of body of heater 1 upper end cylindrical, also plays fire action.It is suitable for reading 19 to be provided with stove in the middle of the body of heater end socket 18, is used to support the usefulness of cooker and lid bell.Form a grey-way by race ash mouth 23, ashes mouth 7.The bottom surface of the outer bucket 1 of body of heater and ground form airtight, when prepurging is grey, open grey door cover plate 25, and then dust along running grey mouthful 23, grey-way 3, is run away from ashes outlet 7 under the draft of chimney, and 21 interior fire grates 22 fall bigger lime-ash from the combustion chamber.So, when coal, prepurging ash, do not have dust, environment purification substantially.Water injecting pipeline 4 is located at a side of the outer bucket 1 of body of heater, and it is made up of water injection pipe joint, threeway, curved neck, water-intake pipe and water tank.Be provided with label frame 20 above the opposite side of bucket 1 outside body of heater, the below is provided with fire door 24, and fire door 24 can not cover bell for the usefulness of ventilating, bank a fire, draw ash when stove does not use.Body of heater surface spraying silver powder, neat and artistic.
During operation, before the stoker, in combustion chamber 21, add fuel, water tank 14 is filled up water, return pipe is docked with the threeway on the water injecting pipeline 4, water is entered in the preheating retaining interlayer 6.Water tank 14 is uncovered, and the uneasy valve of the pipeline of leaking water, armored pump not do not have the safety of pressure, and water circulates voluntarily by self gravitation and atmospheric pressure; Radiator is communicated with heating installation parallel running, ready igniting stoker with titting water outlet 13.Distinguished and admirablely enter the combustion chamber 21 combustion-supportingly from fire door, with the wind fire, produce wind with fire, wind helps the intensity of a fire, and the long wind prestige of fire forms the free convection mode, and self wind fire circulates, and reaches energy-efficient purpose.

Claims (5)

1; a kind of energy-efficient water heater; comprise the outer bucket of body of heater (1); bucket (2) in the body of heater; water injecting pipeline (4); cigarette neck supporting plate (9); interior cigarette neck (10); foreign cigarette neck (11); titting water outlet (13); water tank (14); body of heater end socket (18); stove (19) suitable for reading; combustion chamber (21); fire grate (22); it is characterized in that outside body of heater being provided with preheating retaining interlayer (6) between barrel (2) in bucket (1) and the body of heater; the upper end of bucket (2) is provided with heat collector (8) in body of heater; the inner chamber of heat collector (8) is the retaining interlayer (15) of heating; it is communicated with preheating retaining interlayer (6); between interior cigarette neck (10) and foreign cigarette neck (11), be provided with high temperature retaining interlayer (12); the one end is communicated with the retaining interlayer (15) of heating; the other end is communicated with titting water outlet (13); the top of heat collector (8) is provided with fire holding cycle (17), scribbles heat-insulation layer (5) on the inwall of bucket (2) in the body of heater.
2, energy-efficient water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described heat collector (8) is welded by sheet (82), heat collector inner ring (83) under horse's hoe shape heat collector last slice (81), the horse's hoe shape heat collector, wherein, the cylindrical of sheet (82) is welded on the upper end of bucket (2) in the body of heater under the horse's hoe shape heat collector, the interior circle of heat collector (8) seals with heat collector inner ring (83), and heat collector (8) is provided with flame spray orifice (16).
3, energy-efficient water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described heat collector (8) is welded by sheet (82), heat collector inner ring (83) under crescent heat collector last slice (81), the crescent heat collector, wherein, the cylindrical of sheet is welded on the upper end of bucket (2) in the body of heater under the crescent heat collector (82), the interior circle of heat collector (8) seals with heat collector inner ring (83), and heat collector (8) is provided with flame spray orifice (16).
4, energy-efficient water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described heat collector (8) is formed by the cast iron materials monoblock cast, the cylindrical of its lower surface (82) is welded on the upper end of bucket (2) in the body of heater, and heat collector (8) is provided with flame spray orifice (16).
5, energy-efficient water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that described heat collector (8) is surrounded by seamless steel pipe, and its opening part base is welded on the upper end of bucket (2) in the body of heater, and heat collector (8) is provided with flame spray orifice (16).
CN 00212262 2000-06-13 2000-06-13 High-efficient energy-saving water-heating furnace Expired - Fee Related CN2436817Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 00212262 CN2436817Y (en) 2000-06-13 2000-06-13 High-efficient energy-saving water-heating furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 00212262 CN2436817Y (en) 2000-06-13 2000-06-13 High-efficient energy-saving water-heating furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2436817Y true CN2436817Y (en) 2001-06-27

Family

ID=33578807

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 00212262 Expired - Fee Related CN2436817Y (en) 2000-06-13 2000-06-13 High-efficient energy-saving water-heating furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2436817Y (en)

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C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
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