CN220403040U - Silage crushing and rubbing device - Google Patents

Silage crushing and rubbing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220403040U
CN220403040U CN202321821923.4U CN202321821923U CN220403040U CN 220403040 U CN220403040 U CN 220403040U CN 202321821923 U CN202321821923 U CN 202321821923U CN 220403040 U CN220403040 U CN 220403040U
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
silage
kneading
box
case
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CN202321821923.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘甲炜
刘晗炜
张晓鸣
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Haiyuan County Zhitong Breeding Professional Cooperative
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Haiyuan County Zhitong Breeding Professional Cooperative
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a silage crushing and rubbing device, and relates to the technical field of silage processing. This silage crushing and rubbing device includes: the crushing box is hollow and is provided with an opening at the upper side and the lower side, and the kneading box is arranged at the opening at the lower side of the crushing box; the crushing box is internally provided with a cutting crushing mechanism, the kneading box is hollow and is in an upper opening shape, the upper opening of the kneading box is communicated with the lower opening of the crushing box, a driving shaft is arranged in the kneading box, two ends of the driving shaft extend to the outside of the kneading box, and transmission auger blades are arranged on the outer wall of the driving shaft. The conveying auger blade is rotationally pushed to knead silage to achieve the effect of softening, the upper part guides the cut silage to the right side through the arrangement of the inclined guide plate, and the silage conveyed by the conveying auger blade has a compacting effect to further soften the cut silage.

Description

Silage crushing and rubbing device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of silage processing, in particular to a silage crushing and rubbing device.
Background
Silage is a kind of feed, is prepared by sealing and fermenting plant feed containing more water, and is mainly used for feeding ruminants. Silage is more storage-resistant than fresh feed, and the nutrient content is stronger than that of dry feed. In addition, the silage occupies less space and has no fire disaster problem.
Silage is a coarse fodder obtained by chopping green fodder with water content of 65% -75%, and inhibiting propagation of various miscellaneous bacteria under the fermentation of anaerobic lactobacillus under the condition of closed anoxia.
When the existing silage crusher is used for feeding livestock, palatability is poor frequently, and even feeding and digestion of the livestock can be affected, so that the livestock can selectively feed, part of the feed can be wasted, and even feeding growth of the livestock can be affected. There are also devices for chopping and kneading silage using mechanical devices.
For example, chinese patent application No. CN201820105497.7 relates to a silage crushing and kneading device, which comprises a housing, wherein a feed hopper is arranged at the upper end of the housing, and a discharge hopper is arranged at the lower part of the right end of the housing; the crushing mechanism comprises two crushing rollers which are symmetrically arranged left and right, the crushing rollers are rotationally connected with the front wall and the rear wall of the shell through roller shafts arranged at the axle center of the crushing rollers, a driving mechanism for driving the two crushing rollers to reversely rotate is further arranged on the shell, the longitudinal section of each crushing roller is in a regular polygon shape, and at least four driven rubbing rollers are uniformly arranged on the periphery of each driving rubbing roller. According to the scheme, silage raw materials can be crushed and rubbed, but because the water content in the silage is more, the silage is extruded by the driving rubbing roller and the driven rubbing roller, the gap between the driving rubbing roller and the driven rubbing roller is smaller, the extrusion mode is too serious for extruding the silage raw materials, and the silage raw materials can be softened, so that the silage raw materials can be greatly damaged, and the nutritional ingredients in the silage can be lost.
Disclosure of Invention
(one) solving the technical problems
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the utility model provides a silage crushing and kneading device, which solves the problem that the silage raw material is greatly damaged, so that the loss of nutrient components in the silage is caused.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model is realized by the following technical scheme: a silage crushing and kneading device, comprising:
the crushing box is hollow and is provided with an opening at the upper side and the lower side, and a cutting and crushing mechanism is arranged in the crushing box;
the kneading box is hollow and is in an upper opening shape, and the upper opening of the kneading box is communicated with the lower opening of the crushing box;
the inside of rubbing the case is provided with the drive shaft, the both ends of drive shaft all extend to the outside of rubbing the case, driving motor is installed to the one end of drive shaft, be provided with transmission auger blade on the outer wall of drive shaft, transmission auger blade is located the inside of rubbing the case, the discharge gate has been seted up to the lower surface one end of rubbing the case, the inside downside of broken case is provided with the slope deflector, the one end and the inside fixed connection of broken case of slope deflector, the other end are unsettled state, the junction and the discharge gate of slope deflector, broken case are located same one side.
Preferably, the cutting and crushing mechanism comprises two support shafts which are arranged in front-back parallel, the outer walls of the two support shafts are respectively provided with a guide elastic strip and a cutting blade, and the support shafts are driven to rotate by a driving mechanism.
Preferably, the guide elastic strips are made of spring steel, and the guide elastic strips and the cutting blades are installed in a staggered mode.
Preferably, the driving mechanism comprises a driving wheel arranged at the end part of the driving shaft, one end of the supporting shaft extends to the outside of the crushing box and is connected with a driven wheel, and the driving wheel and the driven wheel are connected through a belt.
Preferably, friction lugs are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the kneading box, and the friction lugs are made of rubber materials.
Preferably, the lower surface of the inclined guide plate is provided with an elastic pressing assembly, the elastic pressing assembly comprises a friction pressing plate with one end provided with a shaft seat and an elastic piece, the shaft seat of the friction pressing plate is connected with the lower surface of the inclined guide plate through a pin shaft, and the elastic piece is supported between the upper surface of the friction pressing plate and the lower surface of the inclined guide plate.
Preferably, the crushing box is provided with a support plate.
(III) beneficial effects
The utility model provides a silage crushing and rubbing device, which has at least the following beneficial effects compared with the prior art:
(1) The silage crushing and rubbing device is characterized in that a cutting and crushing mechanism is arranged in the crushing box, and the silage is cut and crushed, so that the silage can be cut off to reach the required length, and the silage is convenient to store and ferment subsequently;
(2) The silage crushing and rubbing device is used for conveying the chopped silage in a conveying auger blade mode, the conveying auger blade is rotationally pushed to rub the silage, the effect of softening is achieved, the upper part of the silage is used for guiding the chopped silage to the right side through the arrangement of the inclined guide plate, and the silage conveyed by the conveying auger blade has a compacting effect and further softens the chopped silage.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the crushing box of the present utility model;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the support shaft and the guide spring strip of the present utility model;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the support shaft and cutting blade of the present utility model;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the friction plate and the elastic member according to the present utility model.
In the figure: 1. a crushing box; 2. kneading the box; 3. a support shaft; 4. driven wheel; 5. guiding spring strips; 6. a cutting blade; 7. a drive shaft; 8. a drive motor; 9. a driving wheel; 10. conveying auger blades; 11. tilting the guide plate; 12. friction bump; 13. a friction press plate; 14. an elastic member; 15. and a support plate.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the utility model without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the utility model.
Embodiment one:
referring to fig. 1-5, the present utility model provides a technical solution: a silage crushing and kneading device, comprising: a hollow crushing box 1 with an opening at the upper side and the lower side and a kneading box 2 arranged at the opening at the lower side of the crushing box 1;
the inside cutting crushing mechanism that is provided with of broken case 1, rub case 2 for cavity and upper portion open-ended shape, rub the upper portion opening part of case 2 and broken case 1 downside opening part intercommunication, the inside of rubbing case 2 is provided with drive shaft 7, the both ends of drive shaft 7 all extend to the outside of rubbing case 2, drive motor 8 is installed to the one end of drive shaft 7, be provided with transmission auger blade 10 on the outer wall of drive shaft 7, transmission auger blade 10 is located the inside of rubbing case 2, the discharge gate has been seted up to the lower surface one end of rubbing case 2, the inside downside of broken case 1 is provided with slope deflector 11, the one end of slope deflector 11 and the inside fixed connection of broken case 1, the other end is unsettled state, the junction and the discharge gate of slope deflector 11, broken case 1 are located same one side. The crushing tank 1 is provided with a support plate 15.
In use, the crushing box 1 and the kneading box 2 are supported by the support plate 15 and separated from the ground. Silage raw materials (straws and the like) are put into the crushing box 1 from an upper opening of the crushing box 1, the silage raw materials are cut and crushed by a cutting crushing mechanism at the upper part in the crushing box 1, the crushed silage raw materials fall into the kneading box 2, and the silage raw materials are pushed by rotation of the conveying auger blade 10, so that the silage raw materials are pressed and softened, and the kneading effect is achieved. During the silage raw material transport, the inclined guide plate 11 is pressed down from above to the silage raw material, limiting the silage from above.
Embodiment two:
referring to fig. 1-4, the present utility model provides a technical solution based on the first embodiment: the cutting and crushing mechanism comprises two support shafts 3 which are arranged in front-back parallel, guide elastic strips 5 and cutting blades 6 are respectively arranged on the outer walls of the two support shafts 3, and the support shafts 3 are driven to rotate through a driving mechanism. The guide elastic strips 5 are made of spring steel, and the guide elastic strips 5 and the cutting blades 6 are installed in a staggered mode. The driving mechanism comprises a driving wheel 9 arranged at the end part of the driving shaft 7, one end of the supporting shaft 3 extends to the outside of the crushing box 1 and is connected with a driven wheel 4, and the driving wheel 9 and the driven wheel 4 are connected through a belt.
Through the cooperation of the two support shafts 3 and the guide elastic strips 5 and the cutting blades 6 on the support shafts, the two support shafts 3 can be driven to rotate in the same direction or rotate in the opposite direction, different cutting modes of silage raw materials are realized, the guide elastic strips 5 have rolling pushing action on the silage raw materials, and the cutting blades 6 have chopping action on the silage raw materials. The supporting shafts 3 and the guide elastic strips 5 and the cutting blades 6 on the supporting shafts are driven by a driving motor 8, one power unit occupies small space, and the two supporting shafts 3 can be driven to rotate in the same direction or rotate in opposite directions according to different connection modes of the belts (only one connection mode is shown in the drawing and is specifically connected according to actual demands).
Embodiment III:
referring to fig. 1-2, the present utility model provides a technical solution based on the first embodiment: friction lugs 12 are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the kneading box 2, and the friction lugs 12 are made of rubber.
Through the arrangement of the friction convex blocks 12, the moving resistance of the chopped silage raw material is increased, and the friction convex blocks 12 are made of rubber materials.
Embodiment four:
referring to fig. 1-2, the present utility model provides a technical solution based on the first embodiment: the lower surface of the inclined guide plate 11 is provided with an elastic pressing assembly, the elastic pressing assembly comprises a friction pressing plate 13 and an elastic piece 14, one end of the friction pressing plate 13 is provided with a shaft seat, the shaft seat of the friction pressing plate 13 is connected with the lower surface of the inclined guide plate 11 through a pin shaft, and the elastic piece 14 is supported between the upper surface of the friction pressing plate 13 and the lower surface of the inclined guide plate 11.
The friction pressing plate 13 and the elastic piece 14 further elastically press down the chopped silage raw material, so that the chopped silage raw material is tightly attached to the inner wall of the kneading box 2, and the kneading effect is improved.
It is noted that relational terms such as first and second, and the like are used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Moreover, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present utility model have been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made therein without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. A silage crushing and kneading device, comprising:
a hollow crushing box (1) with an opening at the upper side and the lower side, wherein a cutting and crushing mechanism is arranged in the crushing box (1);
the kneading box (2) is arranged at the opening at the lower side of the crushing box (1), the kneading box (2) is hollow and is in an upper opening shape, and the upper opening of the kneading box (2) is communicated with the opening at the lower side of the crushing box (1);
the inside of kneading case (2) is provided with drive shaft (7), the both ends of drive shaft (7) all extend to the outside of kneading case (2), driving motor (8) are installed to the one end of drive shaft (7), be provided with transmission auger blade (10) on the outer wall of drive shaft (7), transmission auger blade (10) are located the inside of kneading case (2), the discharge gate has been seted up to the lower surface one end of kneading case (2), the inside downside of crushing case (1) is provided with slope deflector (11), the one end of slope deflector (11) is unsettled state with the inside fixed connection, the other end of crushing case (1), the junction and the discharge gate of slope deflector (11), crushing case (1) are located same one side.
2. The silage crushing and kneading device according to claim 1, wherein: the cutting and crushing mechanism comprises two supporting shafts (3) which are arranged in front-back parallel, guide elastic strips (5) and cutting blades (6) are respectively arranged on the outer walls of the two supporting shafts (3), and the supporting shafts (3) are driven to rotate through a driving mechanism.
3. A silage crushing and kneading device according to claim 2, characterized in that: the guide elastic strips (5) are made of spring steel, and the guide elastic strips (5) and the cutting blades (6) are installed in a staggered mode.
4. A silage crushing and kneading device according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that: the driving mechanism comprises a driving wheel (9) arranged at the end part of the driving shaft (7), one end of the supporting shaft (3) extends to the outside of the crushing box (1) and is connected with a driven wheel (4), and the driving wheel (9) and the driven wheel (4) are connected through a belt.
5. The silage crushing and kneading device according to claim 1, wherein: friction convex blocks (12) are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the kneading box (2), and the friction convex blocks (12) are made of rubber materials.
6. The silage crushing and kneading device according to claim 1, wherein: the lower surface of slope deflector (11) is provided with elasticity and compresses tightly the subassembly, elasticity compresses tightly the friction clamp plate (13) and elastic component (14) that the subassembly includes that one end sets up the axle bed, the axle bed of friction clamp plate (13) is connected with the lower surface of slope deflector (11) through the round pin axle, elastic component (14) support between the upper surface of friction clamp plate (13) and the lower surface of slope deflector (11).
7. The silage crushing and kneading device according to claim 1, wherein: the crushing box (1) is provided with a supporting plate (15).
CN202321821923.4U 2023-07-12 2023-07-12 Silage crushing and rubbing device Active CN220403040U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321821923.4U CN220403040U (en) 2023-07-12 2023-07-12 Silage crushing and rubbing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321821923.4U CN220403040U (en) 2023-07-12 2023-07-12 Silage crushing and rubbing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN220403040U true CN220403040U (en) 2024-01-30

Family

ID=89643841

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321821923.4U Active CN220403040U (en) 2023-07-12 2023-07-12 Silage crushing and rubbing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN220403040U (en)

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