CN220044120U - Coastal saline and alkaline greenbelt water supply and drainage and salt removal integrated device - Google Patents

Coastal saline and alkaline greenbelt water supply and drainage and salt removal integrated device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220044120U
CN220044120U CN202321051467.XU CN202321051467U CN220044120U CN 220044120 U CN220044120 U CN 220044120U CN 202321051467 U CN202321051467 U CN 202321051467U CN 220044120 U CN220044120 U CN 220044120U
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pipe
drainage
water supply
salt
water
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CN202321051467.XU
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Inventor
刘富海
刘剑强
刘一翔
徐玉海
王宝坤
王帅
李泽旭
杨永利
杨臻琼
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Tianjin Tianye Natural Ecological Technology Co ltd
China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd
Real Estate Investment Co Ltd of China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd
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Tianjin Tianye Natural Ecological Technology Co ltd
China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd
Real Estate Investment Co Ltd of China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical engineering field of drainage waterlogging prevention and salt drainage control, and discloses a water supply and drainage and salt drainage integrated device for a coastal saline-alkali green land. In the utility model, water pipes are used for flood irrigation, spray irrigation, drip irrigation and the like, which are all irrigated from the ground to the soil and then permeate to the root system water absorption position, but the irrigation mode slowly wets the soil to generate gravity water to the root system after passing through the ground surface, and the water is really needed to be the plant root system.

Description

Coastal saline and alkaline greenbelt water supply and drainage and salt removal integrated device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical engineering field of drainage and waterlogging prevention and salt removal and salt control, in particular to a water supply and drainage and salt removal integrated device for coastal saline-alkali green lands.
Background
At present, two sets of pipe network systems are used for designing a water supply and drainage system and a salt drainage system in a coastal saline-alkali area, wherein the water supply and drainage system is arranged on a frozen soil layer and is connected into a greenbelt through a pipeline reducing; the salt drainage system is arranged below the planting layer, and is seldom used for directly collecting rainwater as one of water supply sources to be combined into the water supply system, so that the water supply system, the salt drainage system and the rainwater collection and utilization system are all independent devices, the salt drainage basis of the saline-alkali soil is a ' salt along with water ' principle, salt is removed along with water ', the salt drainage is not separated from water, so that the water supply and drainage waterlogging prevention system in the saline-alkali area greenbelt system is organically combined with the rainwater collection and utilization system, the planting plant depth in greening and the ground water level depth and the frozen soil layer depth in the saline-alkali area are considered, a combined system of irrigation, water drainage waterlogging prevention, salt drainage control and salt storage and salt washing in the rainy season is designed, a device integrating three functions of irrigation, salt drainage and rainwater collection and utilization is constructed, fresh water saving, pipe network material saving, construction cost reduction and later-stage greenbelt maintenance cost, and a novel design device and an innovative construction technology are provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to solve the defects existing in the prior art, and provides a coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt drainage integrated device which is provided with a water supply and drainage pipe and a salt drainage primary pipe, wherein the heights of the two pipes are different, a set of salt drainage and water drainage prevention system is constructed by connecting a water seepage blind pipe and utilizing a water supply and drainage pipe network, the water drainage and desalination are really combined, the installation position of the water seepage blind pipe is positioned on a main plant root system distribution layer, water supply is directly in a required range through blind drip irrigation, a root system fresh water layer is formed, the growth of saline-alkali soil plants is facilitated, the water utilization efficiency is greatly improved, the growth situation of greening plants is ensured, the saline-alkali hazard is avoided, meanwhile, the height difference of the pipe is fully utilized, the natural flow of water is realized, the water supply and drainage and water drainage and salt drainage control are completely combined, no pump valve is used, the energy and fresh water resources are saved, and a sleeve network system is used for solving the water supply, drainage and salt drainage and desalination requirements of a green land system.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present utility model provides the following technical solutions:
the utility model provides a coastal saline and alkaline greenery patches water supply and drainage and salt drainage integrated device, includes ground, the fixed a plurality of catchment funnels that are provided with in top on ground, every the equal fixedly connected with rainwater of the bottom of catchment funnel is collected the aqueduct, every the bottom fixedly connected with water supply and drainage pipe of aqueduct is collected to the rainwater, the fixed a plurality of infiltration blind pipes that are provided with in bottom of water supply and drainage pipe, a plurality of the fixed salt one-level pipe that is provided with in bottom of infiltration blind pipe.
Further, one end of the fixed pipe with high topography is fixedly connected with a municipal water supply pipe, and a water supply pipe switching valve is fixedly arranged on the municipal water supply pipe;
through above-mentioned technical scheme, can supply water for the greenery patches plant through the delivery pipe, and can control the water supply through the ooff valve.
Further, a connecting tube seat is fixedly arranged at one end of the fixed tube with low topography, and a first drainage well is fixedly connected to the connecting tube seat;
through above-mentioned technical scheme, can discharge the rainwater through being provided with first drainage well.
Further, one end of the salt discharging primary pipe, which is positioned at the low topography, is fixedly connected with a second drainage well, and a second switch valve is fixedly arranged on the second drainage well;
by the technical scheme, the discharged brine can be discharged.
Further, blind pipe fixing seats are fixedly arranged at the top and the bottom of each water seepage blind pipe, and the two blind pipe fixing seats are respectively and hermetically clamped on the water supply and drainage pipe and the salt discharge primary pipe;
through above-mentioned technical scheme, with infiltration blind pipe and supply and drainage pipe and salt drainage pipe fixed connection through the fixing base, prevent that it from droing.
Further, the top of each water collecting funnel is fixedly provided with a drainage grating.
Further, a fixed pipe is fixedly arranged at the bottom of each rainwater collecting water guide pipe, each rainwater collecting water guide pipe is fixedly clamped with the water supply and drainage pipe through the fixed pipe, and each rainwater collecting water guide pipe extends into the water supply and drainage pipe;
through above-mentioned technical scheme, collect pipe and supply and drainage pipe fixed connection with rainwater through the fixed pipe, prevent that it from becoming flexible and droing.
The utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1. the utility model provides a water supply and drainage and salt drainage integrated device for a coastal saline-alkali green land, which is provided with a water supply and drainage pipe and a salt drainage primary pipe, wherein the two pipes are different in height, a water supply and drainage pipe network is connected and utilized through a water seepage blind pipe, a salt drainage and waterlogging prevention system is constructed, irrigation, drainage and desalination are really combined, the installation position of the water seepage blind pipe is positioned on a plant root system distribution main layer, water is directly supplied to a required range through blind irrigation and dripping, a root system fresh water layer is formed, plant growth in the saline-alkali land is facilitated, water utilization efficiency is greatly improved, greening plant growth vigor is guaranteed, meanwhile, the height difference of the pipe is fully utilized, water naturally flows, water supply and drainage and waterlogging prevention and salt drainage control are completely combined, a pump valve is not needed, energy and fresh water resources are saved, and a sleeve network system solves the water supply, drainage and salt drainage and desalination requirements of the green land system.
2. The utility model provides a coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt drainage integrated device, which is characterized in that water pipes are used for flood irrigation, spray irrigation, drip irrigation and the like, the flood irrigation is carried out from the ground to the soil and then the flood irrigation is carried out to the root system water absorption position, but the irrigation mode is carried out to slowly wet the soil after passing through the ground surface to generate gravity water to the root system, and the water is really needed to be the plant root system.
3. The water supply and drainage and salt drainage integrated device for the coastal saline-alkali green land provided by the utility model has the advantages that the water supply pipe, the water seepage blind pipe and the salt drainage pipe can serve as a water supply pipe network through providing a water source, and also form a water storage and water supply water seepage channel and a water storage and water supply container, so that water is supplied in a slope direction through the pipeline and is in accordance with the rhythm of water absorption of plants in slow water demand by blind eyes of the blind pipe, the natural coordination of water supply and water demand is achieved, and in rainy seasons, fresh water irrigation is greatly saved and the rainwater utilization rate is improved by utilizing the system.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall schematic diagram of a water supply, drainage and salt removal integrated device for a coastal saline-alkali green land;
fig. 2 is an isometric view of a water collecting funnel of the coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt drainage integrated device provided by the utility model;
fig. 3 is an isometric view of a water seepage blind pipe of the coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt drainage integrated device.
Legend description:
1. ground surface; 2. a water collection funnel; 3. a rainwater collecting water guide pipe; 4. a fixed tube; 5. a water supply and drainage pipe; 6. municipal water supply pipe; 7. a water supply pipe switch valve; 8. a connecting tube seat; 9. a first drainage well; 10. a water seepage blind pipe; 11. a salt-removing primary pipe; 12. a second switching valve; 13. a second drainage well; 14. a drainage grating; 15. blind pipe fixing base.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments. All other examples, which are obtained by persons of ordinary skill in the art without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the present utility model based on the examples herein, and it is to be understood that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of exemplary embodiments in accordance with the present utility model. For ease of description, the dimensions of the various features shown in the drawings are not drawn to actual scale. Techniques, methods, and apparatus known to one of ordinary skill in the relevant art may not be discussed in detail, but should be considered part of the specification where appropriate. In all examples shown and discussed herein, any specific values should be construed as merely illustrative, and not a limitation. Thus, other examples of the exemplary embodiments may have different values. It should be noted that: like reference numerals and letters denote like items in the following figures, and thus once an item is defined in one figure, no further discussion thereof is necessary in subsequent figures.
Referring to fig. 1-3, one embodiment provided by the present utility model is: the utility model provides a coastal saline and alkaline greenery patches water supply and drainage and salt drainage integrated device, includes ground 1, and the fixed a plurality of catchments funnels 2 that are provided with in top on ground 1, the equal fixedly connected with rainwater of the bottom of every catchment funnel 2 is collected aqueduct 3, and the bottom fixedly connected with water supply and drainage pipe 5 of aqueduct 3 is collected to every rainwater, and the bottom of water supply and drainage pipe 5 is fixedly provided with a plurality of infiltration blind pipes 10, and the bottom of a plurality of infiltration blind pipes 10 is fixedly provided with salt drainage one-level pipe 11.
The municipal administration delivery pipe 6 is fixedly connected with one end that fixed pipe 4 topography is high, the fixed delivery pipe on-off valve 7 that is provided with is fixed on 6, the fixed one end that fixed pipe 4 topography is low is fixedly provided with connecting tube seat 8, the first drainage well 9 of fixedly connected with on connecting tube seat 8, the one end fixedly connected with second drainage well 13 that salt drainage primary pipe 11 is located the topography is low, the fixed second on-off valve 12 that is provided with on the second drainage well 13, the top and the bottom of every infiltration blind pipe 10 are all fixed be provided with blind pipe fixing base 15, two blind pipe fixing base 15 seal joint respectively on water supply and drainage pipe 5 and salt drainage primary pipe 11, the top of every collection funnel 2 is all fixed be provided with drainage grid 14, the bottom of every rainwater collection aqueduct 3 is all fixed be provided with fixed pipe 4, every rainwater collection aqueduct 3 all is through fixed pipe 4 and water supply and drain pipe 5 fixed joint, and every rainwater collection aqueduct 3 all stretches into in the water supply and drain pipe 5.
Working principle: according to the conventional green land engineering water supply and drainage technical regulations, a green land irrigation water source is connected to a water supply and drainage pipe of a green land system, which is closest to a green land on a roadside, and a valve is arranged at the water supply and drainage pipe to control whether water is supplied or not, the water supply quantity is high, a water supply main pipe is buried below a frozen soil layer of a local area, the pipe spacing is determined according to local hydrogeological conditions, natural climate, soil texture and the like, the design is also according to a saline-alkali soil buried pipe salt drainage standard, the general pipe spacing is designed to be between 10 and 20m, and the water supply and drainage pipe and a water seepage blind pipe are in a sealing state.
The high end of the water supply and drainage pipe is connected with the municipal water supply system, the low end of the water supply and drainage pipe is connected into the first municipal drainage well, a valve or a plug is arranged at the connection position, the low end of the water supply and drainage pipe is plugged or closed when the water supply time period or the rainwater is collected, and the water supply and drainage pipe is only required to drain waterlogged water or be connected into the drainage system when heavy rain is needed. The slope of the water seepage blind pipe is 0.1% -0.2%, the top is connected with a water supply and drainage pipe, the bottom is connected with a salt drainage primary pipe, the salt drainage pipe is buried below the underground critical water level in the local area, the high end is blocked, the low end is connected into a second drainage well, a valve is installed in the water connection well, the valve is closed or blocked during watering, and the valve is opened only during water drainage and waterlogging prevention and is connected into the drainage well.
The salt drainage system in the saline-alkali soil green land system generally comprises a salt drainage pipe and a water collection well, the salt drainage pipe is finally connected with a municipal drainage system, the salt drainage pipe is buried deep below the underground critical water level in the local area and is connected with a water seepage blind pipe, the gradient of the salt drainage pipe is 0.2% -0.3%, the high end is blocked, the low end is connected to a second drainage well, a valve is arranged in the water inlet well, the valve is closed or blocked during watering, only the salt drainage is performed, the valve is opened during water drainage and waterlogging prevention, water is led into the second municipal drainage well system, the salt drainage system consists of a water seepage blind pipe, a salt drainage pipe and the second drainage well, the water seepage blind pipe and the salt drainage pipe are pipelines of the salt drainage system, so that salt drainage control is really combined with the water drainage and waterlogging prevention system completely, and finally, a sleeve network system replaces the previous two systems, and realizes the integration of water supply, drainage and salt control.
Finally, it should be noted that: the foregoing description of the preferred embodiments of the present utility model is not intended to be limiting, but rather, although the present utility model has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments described, or equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements or changes may be made without departing from the spirit and principles of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a coastal saline and alkaline greenery patches water supply and drainage and salt discharging integrated device, includes ground (1) and fixed pipe (4), its characterized in that: the utility model discloses a rainwater collecting device, including ground (1), rainwater collecting funnel, drain pipe, salt discharging primary pipe (11) is fixed to be provided with in the top of ground (1), every the equal fixedly connected with rainwater of bottom of water collecting funnel (2) is collected aqueduct (3), every the bottom fixedly connected with supply and drainage pipe (5) of aqueduct (3) are collected to the rainwater, the bottom of supply and drainage pipe (5) is fixed to be provided with a plurality of infiltration blind pipes (10), a plurality of the bottom of infiltration blind pipe (10) is fixed to be provided with salt discharging primary pipe (11).
2. The coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt elimination integrated device according to claim 1, wherein: one end of the fixed pipe (4) with high topography is fixedly connected with a municipal water supply pipe (6), and a water supply pipe switch valve (7) is fixedly arranged on the municipal water supply pipe (6).
3. The coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt elimination integrated device according to claim 1, wherein: one end of the fixed pipe (4) with low topography is fixedly provided with a connecting pipe seat (8), and a first drainage well (9) is fixedly connected to the connecting pipe seat (8).
4. The coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt elimination integrated device according to claim 1, wherein: one end of the salt discharging primary pipe (11) located on the low ground is fixedly connected with a second drainage well (13), and a second switch valve (12) is fixedly arranged on the second drainage well (13).
5. The coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt elimination integrated device according to claim 1, wherein: the top and the bottom of each infiltration blind pipe (10) are all fixedly provided with blind pipe fixing seats (15), and two blind pipe fixing seats (15) are respectively sealed joint on water supply and drainage pipe (5) and salt discharging primary pipe (11).
6. The coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt elimination integrated device according to claim 1, wherein: the top of each water collecting funnel (2) is fixedly provided with a drainage grid (14).
7. The coastal saline-alkali green land water supply and drainage and salt elimination integrated device according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom of each rainwater collecting water guide pipe (3) is fixedly provided with a fixed pipe (4),
each rainwater collecting water guide pipe (3) is fixedly clamped with the water supply and drainage pipe (5) through a fixed pipe (4),
and each rainwater collecting water guide pipe (3) extends into the water supply and drainage pipe (5).
CN202321051467.XU 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 Coastal saline and alkaline greenbelt water supply and drainage and salt removal integrated device Active CN220044120U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321051467.XU CN220044120U (en) 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 Coastal saline and alkaline greenbelt water supply and drainage and salt removal integrated device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321051467.XU CN220044120U (en) 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 Coastal saline and alkaline greenbelt water supply and drainage and salt removal integrated device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN220044120U true CN220044120U (en) 2023-11-21

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ID=88754033

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321051467.XU Active CN220044120U (en) 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 Coastal saline and alkaline greenbelt water supply and drainage and salt removal integrated device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN220044120U (en)

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