CN219944343U - Oil press die and oil press - Google Patents

Oil press die and oil press Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219944343U
CN219944343U CN202321234947.XU CN202321234947U CN219944343U CN 219944343 U CN219944343 U CN 219944343U CN 202321234947 U CN202321234947 U CN 202321234947U CN 219944343 U CN219944343 U CN 219944343U
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China
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die
oil press
block
sliding block
fixedly connected
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CN202321234947.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴初霞
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Jiaxing Xinzan Mold Machinery Co ltd
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Jiaxing Xinzan Mold Machinery Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides an oil press die, wherein a moving block is abutted against a column to be embedded into a groove under the action of a spring, and the top surface of a top block is overlapped with a first inner wall; the moving block overcomes the upward movement of the spring and can drive the ejector block to move upward, so that the workpiece in the female die is ejected. The second aspect provides an oil press, combining the characteristics of the oil press die in the first aspect, adding a propping part, and placing a workpiece into a die cavity when a movable die is in a middle position by utilizing the movement of a piston of an original hydraulic cylinder; when the movable die is closest to the static die, the movable die and the static die finish stamping the workpiece; when the movable die is furthest away from the static die, the spring is overcome, the ejector block is ejected out of the die cavity, and the workpieces in the die cavity are ejected out together.

Description

Oil press die and oil press
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an oil press, in particular to an oil press die and an oil press.
Background
In the manufacturing process of the self-drilling screw die, a copper sheet is required to be punched through an oil press, and then the copper sheet and a die body of the self-drilling screw die are subjected to procedures such as electric spark, polishing and polishing. The step of stamping by an oil press is generally to set a movable die and a static die, and a hydraulic cylinder of the oil press drives the movable die to move. In order to facilitate taking out the copper sheet, the upper movable die or the static die is generally set as a female die, the lower movable die or the static die is set as a male die, the copper sheet is placed in the lower movable die or the static die, and after the punching is completed and the die is opened, the copper sheet falls from the female die under the action of gravity. However, the copper sheet is sometimes stuck in the female die and needs to be manually taken out, which also causes inconvenient operation and reduced efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides an oil press die and an oil press, which can solve the problems of inconvenient operation and reduced efficiency caused by manual taking out of a copper sheet clamped in a female die.
In a first aspect of the present utility model, there is provided an oil press die comprising:
static mold, which is a male mold;
the movable mould is the die, includes: a base body with a die cavity and a top block; an embedded groove for the top block to enter is formed in the first inner wall of the bottom surface of the die cavity; when the top block is in the embedded groove, the top surface of the top block is overlapped with the first inner wall;
the sliding block is arranged below the die cavity, a sliding groove for the sliding block to be connected up and down is formed in the lower position of the die cavity, and two ends of the sliding block in the horizontal direction outwards penetrate out of the base body from the sliding groove;
at least one connecting part, wherein the base body is provided with penetrating holes with the same number as the connecting parts between the die cavity and the sliding groove; the upper end of the connecting part penetrates out of the penetrating hole and is fixedly connected with the top block, and the lower end of the connecting part is fixedly connected with the sliding block;
and the spring is arranged between the sliding block and the base body and used for enabling the sliding block to be kept at the lower side limit, so that the top block is kept in the embedded groove.
Further, the bottom of the sliding groove penetrates through the base body, and the bottom surface of the base body is fixedly connected with a reinforcing plate.
Further, the number of the springs is the same as that of the connecting portions, and the springs are sequentially sleeved on the connecting portions.
In summary, in the oil press mold, the moving block is abutted against the column to be embedded into the groove under the action of the spring, and the top surface of the top block is overlapped with the first inner wall; the moving block overcomes the upward movement of the spring and can drive the ejector block to move upward, so that the workpiece in the female die is ejected.
In a first aspect of the present utility model, there is provided an oil press comprising:
an equipment rack, comprising: an upper mounting portion, a lower mounting portion, and a plurality of connecting rods;
the hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected to the lower mounting part, and the piston rod is vertically upwards;
the hydraulic press mold of the first aspect, wherein the stationary mold is fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the upper mounting portion; the movable die is fixedly connected to the top end of the piston rod;
the two propping parts are fixedly connected to the lower mounting part and are respectively positioned right below the penetrating parts at the two ends of the sliding block; and the ejector block is used for ejecting the ejector block from the die cavity in the process of retracting the piston rod and from separation to propping of the penetrating parts at the two ends of the sliding block to driving the sliding block to overcome the upward movement of the spring.
Further, the method further comprises the following steps:
the guide rail is fixedly connected with one end of the sliding block penetrating out of the guide rail, and the inclined upper end of the guide rail is aligned with the top block;
the first driving part is fixedly arranged at the other end of the sliding block and penetrates out of the sliding block to be aligned with the top block.
Further, the first drive is a cylinder.
Further, the first drive is an air nozzle.
In summary, according to the present utility model, by combining the features of the mold of the oil press in the first aspect, the pushing portion is added, and the workpiece is placed in the mold cavity when the movable mold is at the middle position by using the piston motion of the original hydraulic cylinder; when the movable die is closest to the static die, the movable die and the static die finish stamping the workpiece; when the movable die is furthest away from the static die, the spring is overcome, the ejector block is ejected out of the die cavity, and the workpieces in the die cavity are ejected out together. Has the beneficial effects that: the punched workpiece is prevented from being clamped in the female die, blanking is facilitated, and efficiency is improved.
Drawings
In order to better and clearly describe the embodiments of the present utility model or the technical solutions in the background art, the following description will describe the drawings used in the embodiments of the present utility model or the background art.
FIG. 1 is a side view of an oil press die;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an oil press;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an alternative arrangement of an oil press;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of portion A of FIG. 3;
fig. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of the portion B in fig. 4.
In the figure, 1, static mold; 2. a movable mold; 2-1, a matrix; 2-1A, a die cavity; 2-1B, embedding groove; 2-1C, a chute; 2-1D, penetrating out of the hole; 2-2, a top block; 3. a slide block; 3A, a penetrating part; 4. a connection part; 5. a spring; 6. a first linear guide rail; 7. a reinforcing plate; 8. an equipment rack; 8-1, an upper mounting part; 8-2, a lower mounting part; 8-3, connecting rods; 9. a hydraulic cylinder; 10. a supporting part; 11. a material guiding rail; 12. a cylinder; 13. an air nozzle.
Detailed Description
Further description is provided below in connection with the accompanying drawings. Unless defined otherwise, technical or scientific terms used in this disclosure should be given the ordinary meaning as understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this disclosure belongs. The terms "first," "second," and the like, as used in this disclosure, do not denote any order, quantity, or importance, but rather are used to distinguish one element from another. The word "comprising" or "comprises", and the like, means that elements or items preceding the word are included in the element or item listed after the word and equivalents thereof, but does not exclude other elements or items. The terms "connected" or "connected," and the like, are not limited to physical or mechanical connections, but may include electrical connections, whether direct or indirect. "upper", "lower", "left", "right", etc. are used merely to indicate relative positional relationships, which may also be changed when the absolute position of the object to be described is changed.
An oil press die comprising: the mold comprises a static mold 1, a movable mold 2, a sliding block 3, at least one connecting part 4 and a spring 5.
The static mold 1 is a male mold and is subsequently fixed on the oil press and is static relative to the oil press.
The movable mould 2 is a female mould, and a hydraulic cylinder 9 arranged on the oil press in the follow-up mode can move up and down relative to the oil press and is close to or far away from the stationary mould 1. The movable die 2 includes: a base body 2-1 with a die cavity 2-1A and a top block 2-2. An embedded groove 2-1B for the entry of the top block 2-2 is arranged on the first inner wall of the bottom surface of the die groove 2-1A. When the top block 2-2 is embedded in the groove 2-1B, the top surface of the top block 2-2 is coincident with the first inner wall, i.e. the movable mold 2 can be matched with the static mold 1.
The base body 2-1 is provided with a chute 2-1C below the die cavity 2-1A, the chute 2-1C is connected with the slide block 3 in a vertical sliding way, and the slide block 3 is connected in the chute 2-1C in a vertical sliding way. Specifically, the first linear guide rails 6 can be fixedly connected to the vertical inner walls on two sides of the sliding block 3, and the sliding block 3 is fixedly connected to first connecting blocks matched with the first linear guide rails 6. In addition, the length of the slider 3 is set so that both ends in the horizontal direction of the slider 3 pass out of the base body 2-1 from the slide grooves 2-1C to form two pass-out portions 3A.
Alternatively, the bottom of the chute 2-1C may not penetrate the base 2-1, and the stability of the base 2-1 as a whole is good, but the assembly of the slider 3 is inconvenient.
Optionally, the bottom of the chute 2-1C penetrates through the base body 2-1, and the bottom surface of the base body 2-1 is also fixedly connected with a reinforcing plate 7. I.e. the assembly of the slide 3 is completed, and then the reinforcement plate 7 is fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the base 2-1 by means of screws. The assembly of the sliding block 3 is convenient, and the overall stability of the base body 2-1 is also good.
The base body 2-1 has a through hole 2-1D provided between the die cavity 2-1A and the slide groove 2-1C, and the number of the through holes 2-1D is the same as the number of the connecting portions 4 (one example is shown in the drawing). The upper end of connecting portion 4 wears out and fixed connection in kicking block 2-2 from wearing out hole 2-1D, and the lower extreme fixed connection of connecting portion 4 is in slider 3, and specifically, connecting portion 4 and kicking block 2-2 can set up integratively, accomplishes fixed connection through the screw between connecting portion 4 and the slider 3.
A spring 5 is provided between the slider 3 and the base body 2-1 for keeping the slider 3 at a lower limit so that the top block 2-2 is held in the insertion groove 2-1B.
Alternatively, the number of the springs 5 is the same as the number of the connection parts 4, and is sequentially sleeved on the connection parts 4. The spring 5 is sleeved into the connecting part 4, and then the connecting part 4 is fixedly connected with the sliding block 3. Thus, the assembly of the spring 5 is relatively easy, and the spring 5 is relatively stable in the compression process.
Thus, the movable die 2 is coupled to the slider 3 by the up-and-down movement relative to the hydraulic press. When the movable die 2 is at the middle position, a workpiece is placed in the die cavity 2-1A; when the movable die 2 is closest to the static die 1, the movable die and the static die 1 finish stamping the workpiece; when the movable die 2 is furthest away from the static die 1, the ejector block 2-2 is ejected out of the die cavity 2-1A against the spring 5, and the workpieces in the die cavity 2-1A are ejected out together.
An oil press comprising: the hydraulic press comprises an equipment frame 8, a hydraulic cylinder 9, the hydraulic press die and two propping parts 10.
The equipment rack 8 includes: an upper mounting portion 8-1, a lower mounting portion 8-2, and a plurality of connecting rods 8-3.
The hydraulic cylinder 9 is fixedly connected to the lower mounting portion 8-2, and a piston rod is vertically upwards.
The static mold 1 is fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the upper mounting part 8-1, and the movable mold 2 is fixedly connected to the top end of the piston rod. The bottom of the sliding groove 2-1C penetrates through the base body 2-1, the bottom surface of the base body 2-1 is fixedly connected with the reinforcing plate 7, and the reinforcing plate 7 can be fixedly connected with the top end of the piston rod.
The two propping parts 10 are fixedly connected to the lower mounting part 8-2 and respectively positioned right below the penetrating parts 3A at the two ends of the sliding block 3. Thus, when the movable die 2 is at the middle position, the workpiece is placed in the die cavity 2-1A; when the movable die 2 is limited at the upper side, the movable die and the static die 1 finish stamping the workpiece; when the movable die 2 is limited at the lower side, the ejector block 2-2 is ejected out of the die cavity 2-1A against the spring 5, and the workpieces in the die cavity 2-1A are ejected out together. Namely, in the process that the piston rod is retracted from the upper limit position to the lower limit position, the two propping parts 10 and the two-end penetrating parts 3A of the sliding block 3 are separated from each other, and then the sliding block 3 is driven to move upwards against the spring 5, so that the ejector block 2-2 is ejected from the die cavity 2-1A, and correspondingly, in the middle position, the two propping parts 10 and the two-end penetrating parts 3A of the sliding block 3 are separated.
Optionally, the oil press further comprises: a guide rail 11 and a first drive.
The guide rail 11 is fixedly connected to the penetrating part 3A at one end of the sliding block 3, and the inclined upper end is aligned with Yu Dingkuai-2. The first drive is fixedly arranged at the other end of the sliding block 3 and penetrates out of the part 3A to be aligned with the top block 2-2. Namely, when the upper limit and the middle position are reached, the material guide rail 11 and the first drive do not exceed the top surface of the movable die 2; when the lower side is limited, the material guide rail 11 and the first drive and the workpiece are together out of the top surface of the movable die 2, and the first drive is used for feeding the workpiece into the material guide rail 11 to complete automatic discharging.
Alternatively, the first drive is a cylinder 12. By the extension of the piston rod, it is moved against the workpiece and pushed into the guide rail 11.
Alternatively, the first drive is an air nozzle 13. When the workpiece is small and light, the air nozzle 13 sprays air to blow the workpiece into the material guiding track 11.

Claims (7)

1. An oil press die, comprising:
the static die (1) is a male die;
the movable mould (2), for the die, includes: a base body (2-1) with a die cavity (2-1A) and a top block (2-2); an embedded groove (2-1B) for the top block (2-2) to enter is formed in the first inner wall of the bottom surface of the die groove (2-1A); when the top block (2-2) is in the embedded groove (2-1B), the top surface of the top block (2-2) is overlapped with the first inner wall;
the sliding block (3), the base body (2-1) is provided with a sliding groove (2-1C) below the die cavity (2-1A) for connecting the sliding block (3) in an up-down sliding manner, and two ends of the sliding block (3) in the horizontal direction outwards penetrate out of the base body (2-1) from the sliding groove (2-1C);
at least one connecting part (4), wherein the base body (2-1) is provided with through holes (2-1D) with the same number as the connecting parts (4) between the die cavity (2-1A) and the sliding groove (2-1C); the upper end of the connecting part (4) penetrates out of the penetrating hole (2-1D) and is fixedly connected with the top block (2-2), and the lower end of the connecting part (4) is fixedly connected with the sliding block (3);
and a spring (5) arranged between the sliding block (3) and the base body (2-1) and used for limiting the sliding block (3) at the lower side so as to keep the top block (2-2) in the embedded groove (2-1B).
2. An oil press mould according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom of the chute (2-1C) penetrates the base body (2-1), and the bottom surface of the base body (2-1) is fixedly connected with a reinforcing plate (7).
3. An oil press mould according to claim 1, characterized in that the number of springs (5) is the same as the number of connecting parts (4) and is in turn sleeved to the connecting parts (4).
4. An oil press, comprising:
equipment rack (8), comprising: an upper mounting part (8-1), a lower mounting part (8-2) and a plurality of connecting rods (8-3);
the hydraulic cylinder (9) is fixedly connected to the lower mounting part (8-2), and a piston rod is vertically upwards;
-an oil press mould according to any one of claims 1-3, said stationary mould (1) being fixedly connected to the bottom surface of said upper mounting portion (8-1); the movable die (2) is fixedly connected to the top end of the piston rod;
two propping parts (10) which are fixedly connected with the lower mounting part (8-2) and are respectively positioned under the two end penetrating parts (3A) of the sliding block (3); and the two penetrating parts (3A) at the two ends of the sliding block (3) are used for driving the sliding block (3) to move upwards against the spring (5) from separation to propping in the process of retracting the piston rod, so that the ejector block (2-2) is ejected out of the die cavity (2-1A).
5. The oil press of claim 4, further comprising:
the material guide rail (11) is fixedly connected with one end of the sliding block (3) penetrates out of the part (3A), and the inclined upper end is aligned with the top block (2-2);
the first driving part is fixedly arranged at the other end of the sliding block (3) and penetrates out of the part (3A) to be aligned with the top block (2-2).
6. An oil press according to claim 5, characterized in that the first drive is a cylinder (12).
7. An oil press according to claim 5, characterized in that the first drive is an air nozzle (13).
CN202321234947.XU 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 Oil press die and oil press Active CN219944343U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321234947.XU CN219944343U (en) 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 Oil press die and oil press

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321234947.XU CN219944343U (en) 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 Oil press die and oil press

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219944343U true CN219944343U (en) 2023-11-03

Family

ID=88553696

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321234947.XU Active CN219944343U (en) 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 Oil press die and oil press

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219944343U (en)

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