CN219628028U - PCB board turning device and PCB positive and negative surface mounting machine applying same - Google Patents

PCB board turning device and PCB positive and negative surface mounting machine applying same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219628028U
CN219628028U CN202320175219.XU CN202320175219U CN219628028U CN 219628028 U CN219628028 U CN 219628028U CN 202320175219 U CN202320175219 U CN 202320175219U CN 219628028 U CN219628028 U CN 219628028U
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China
Prior art keywords
pcb
assembly
adsorption
base
driving
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CN202320175219.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘晶尧
张雪松
张见练
杨文平
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Shenzhen Logic Automation Technology Co ltd
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Shenzhen Logic Automation Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The utility model discloses a PCB board turnover device and a PCB front and back surface mounting machine using the same, wherein the PCB board turnover device comprises a first adsorption assembly, a second adsorption assembly and a board turnover driving assembly; the first adsorption component is used for adsorbing a first surface of the PCB, the second adsorption component is used for adsorbing a second surface, opposite to the first surface, of the PCB, and the turning plate driving component is used for driving the first adsorption component and the second adsorption component to turn over. The utility model has simple and compact structure, small volume, no scraping of the PCB board in the adsorption mode, no falling of the PCB board in the turnover process and high stability.

Description

PCB board turning device and PCB positive and negative surface mounting machine applying same
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of PCB processing equipment, in particular to a PCB board turning device and a PCB front and back surface mounting machine applying the same.
Background
The front and back surfaces of the PCB are required to be mounted in the manufacturing process, and the traditional production line is generally used for conveying and turning plates manually, but the PCB is required to be subjected to processes such as acid washing and copper etching, and the mounting environment is high in temperature, so that the health of operators is easily endangered. And some production lines adopt mechanical equipment to carry out overturning transportation and mounting processing, but the equipment generally conveys a PCB (printed circuit board) to the inside of the mounting equipment through a transportation assembly for single-sided mounting, and then transfers the PCB to a turning plate equipment outside the mounting equipment for overturning and then transfers the PCB to the mounting equipment for processing, so that the occupied space of the equipment is large, the board entering and exiting processes are numerous, and the production efficiency is affected.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to provide a PCB board turnover device and a PCB front and back surface mounting machine using the same, so as to solve the problems in the background technology. In order to achieve the above purpose, the present utility model provides the following technical solutions:
according to a first aspect of the present utility model, there is provided a PCB panel turnover comprising a first adsorption assembly, a second adsorption assembly and a panel turnover driving assembly; the first adsorption component is used for adsorbing a first surface of the PCB, the second adsorption component is used for adsorbing a second surface, opposite to the first surface, of the PCB, and the turning plate driving component is used for driving the first adsorption component and the second adsorption component to turn over.
Further, the flap driving assembly comprises a flap driving device, a driving piece, a first transmission rod and a second transmission rod; the driving piece is fixedly connected with the output end of the turning plate driving device; one end of the first transmission rod is hinged with the driving piece, and the other end of the first transmission rod is hinged with the first adsorption component; one end of the second transmission rod is hinged with the driving piece, and the other end of the second transmission rod is hinged with the second adsorption component.
Further, the first adsorption assembly comprises a first base and a first sucker group; the first sucker is arranged on the first base, and the first base is hinged with the first transmission rod.
Further, the second adsorption assembly comprises a second base and a second sucker group; the second sucker is arranged on the second base, and the second base is hinged with the second transmission rod.
Further, the PCB board turning device further comprises a board turning base and a jacking mechanism, wherein the first adsorption assembly, the second adsorption assembly and the board turning driving assembly are installed on the board turning base, and the jacking mechanism is used for driving the board turning base to lift.
Further, the driving piece and the turning plate base are both provided with buffer components.
According to a second aspect of the present utility model, there is provided a PCB front and back mounting machine comprising a frame and a PCB panel turnover, the PCB panel turnover being any one of the above, the PCB panel turnover being mounted on the frame.
Further, the device also comprises a transportation assembly, wherein the transportation assembly is arranged on the rack; the transportation assembly comprises an input unit, a clamping plate unit and an output unit; the input unit is arranged on one side of the first adsorption component, and the output unit is arranged on one side of the second adsorption component; the clamping plate units are arranged on two sides of the PCB plate turnover device and are used for clamping and fastening the PCB plate in the PCB plate turnover device.
Further, the device also comprises an X-Y axis moving assembly, a mounting assembly and a feeding assembly; the X-Y axis moving assembly and the feeding assembly are arranged on the frame, and the mounting assembly is arranged on the X-Y axis moving assembly so as to realize the movable mounting of the PCB board arranged in the PCB board turning device.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that: the utility model has simple and compact structure, small volume, no scraping of the PCB board in the adsorption mode, no falling of the PCB board in the turnover process and high stability.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present utility model, the drawings that are needed in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present utility model, and other drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a board turnover device for PCB according to the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of another embodiment of a board turnover device according to the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a front and back surface mounting machine for PCBs according to the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the transport assembly and the PCB panel turnover according to the present utility model.
It should be noted that the drawings are not necessarily to scale, but are merely shown in a schematic manner that does not affect the reader's understanding.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the utility model without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the utility model.
In the present utility model, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "middle", "vertical", "horizontal", "lateral", "longitudinal" and the like indicate an azimuth or a positional relationship based on that shown in the drawings. These terms are only used to better describe the present utility model and its embodiments and are not intended to limit the scope of the indicated devices, elements or components to the particular orientations or to configure and operate in the particular orientations.
Also, some of the terms described above may be used to indicate other meanings in addition to orientation or positional relationships, for example, the term "upper" may also be used to indicate some sort of attachment or connection in some cases. The specific meaning of these terms in the present utility model will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to the specific circumstances.
Furthermore, the terms "mounted," "configured," "provided," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly. For example, it may be a fixed connection, a removable connection, or a unitary construction; may be a mechanical connection, or an electrical connection; may be directly connected, or indirectly connected through intervening media, or may be in internal communication between two devices, elements, or components. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present utility model can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to the specific circumstances.
Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like, are used primarily to distinguish between different devices, elements, or components (the particular species and configurations may be the same or different), and are not used to indicate or imply the relative importance and number of devices, elements, or components indicated. Unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of "a plurality" is two or more.
It is also to be understood that the terminology used in the description of the utility model is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the utility model. As used in this specification and the appended claims, the singular forms "a," "an," and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
It should be further understood that the term "and/or" as used in the present specification and the appended claims refers to any and all possible combinations of one or more of the associated listed items, and includes such combinations.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the embodiment of the utility model provides a PCB panel turnover device, which comprises a first adsorption assembly 1, a second adsorption assembly 2 and a panel turnover driving assembly 3; the first adsorption component 1 is used for adsorbing the first face of PCB board, the second adsorption component 2 is used for adsorbing the second face opposite to the first face on the PCB board, and the turning plate driving component 3 is used for driving the first adsorption component 1 and the second adsorption component 2 to turn over.
Specifically, before the PCB enters the PCB panel turnover device, the first adsorption assembly 1 is driven to turn to a horizontal position by the panel turnover driving device 31 so as to place the PCB panel on the first adsorption assembly 1; after the position adjustment of the first adsorption component 1 is ready, placing the PCB on the first adsorption component 1, and controlling the first adsorption component 1 to adsorb and fasten the PCB on the first surface which is downward contacted with the first adsorption component 1; then the first adsorption component 1 and/or the second adsorption component 2 are/is driven to overturn by a turnover plate driving device 31, so that the second adsorption component 2 is contacted with a second surface opposite to the first surface on the PCB, and the second adsorption component 2 is controlled to adsorb and fasten the second surface; then the first adsorption component 1 is controlled to stop adsorbing the first surface of the PCB, and then the second adsorption component 2 is driven to turn to a horizontal position through the turning plate driving device 31, so that the first surface of the PCB is upwards placed; and finally, controlling the second adsorption assembly 2 to stop adsorbing the second surface of the PCB so as to take out the PCB, and completing the turnover process of the PCB so as to facilitate the double-sided processing operation of external equipment on the PCB. The embodiment of the utility model has the advantages of simple and compact structure, small volume, no scraping of the PCB board in the adsorption mode, no falling of the PCB board in the board turning process and high stability.
Further, the flap drive assembly 3 comprises a flap drive 31, a drive member 32, a first transmission rod 33 and a second transmission rod 34; the driving piece 32 is fixedly connected with the output end of the turning plate driving device 31; one end of the first transmission rod 33 is hinged with the driving piece 32, and the other end is hinged with the first adsorption assembly 1; the second transmission rod 34 has one end hinged to the driving member 32 and the other end hinged to the second adsorption assembly 2.
Specifically, the flap driving device 31 adopts a double-acting cylinder and a linear guide rail to form a linear reciprocating driving device, and the driving piece 32 is fixedly connected with the output end of the flap driving device 31 so as to realize linear reciprocating motion; because one end of the first transmission rod 33 is hinged with the driving piece 32, the other end of the first transmission rod is hinged with the first adsorption component 1, one end of the second transmission rod 34 is hinged with the driving piece 32, the other end of the second transmission rod is hinged with the second adsorption component 2, the driving rod drives the first adsorption component 1 to turn back and forth through the first transmission rod 33 in the linear reciprocating motion process, and simultaneously drives the second adsorption component 2 to turn back and forth through the second transmission rod 34, the first adsorption component 1 and the second adsorption component 2 are simultaneously turned back and forth from the horizontal position to the vertical position and finally return to the horizontal position, and the turnover plate process of the PCB is completed.
Further, the first suction assembly 1 includes a first base 11 and a first suction cup set 12; the first suction cup is disposed on the first base 11, and the first base 11 is hinged to the first transmission rod 33.
Specifically, the first chuck group 12 includes a plurality of chucks for adsorbing and fastening a plurality of points on the plane of the PCB board, and the first chuck group 12 is mounted on the first base 11 and hinged to the first transmission rod 33 through the first base 11, so that the flap driving device 31 drives the plurality of chucks of the first chuck group 12 simultaneously.
Further, the second suction assembly 2 includes a second base 21 and a second suction cup set 22; the second sucking disc is arranged on the second base 21, and the second base 21 is hinged with the second transmission rod 34.
Specifically, the second chuck group 22 includes a plurality of chucks for adsorbing and fastening a plurality of points on the plane of the PCB board, and the second chuck group 22 is mounted on the second base 21 and hinged to the second transmission rod 34 through the second base 21, so that the flap driving device 31 drives the plurality of chucks of the second chuck group 22 simultaneously.
Further, the PCB board turning device further comprises a board turning base 4 and a jacking mechanism 5, the first adsorption assembly 1, the second adsorption assembly 2 and the board turning driving assembly 3 are installed on the board turning base 4, and the jacking mechanism 5 is used for driving the board turning base 4 to lift.
Specifically, the lifting mechanism 5 adopts a double-acting cylinder and a linear guide rail to form a linear reciprocating driving device, the lifting of the lifting mechanism 5 drives the base to lift, and then drives the first adsorption component 1, the second adsorption component 2 and the turning plate driving component 3 to lift, so that the first adsorption component 1 and the second adsorption component 2 are in contact with and separated from the PCB, the turning plate device is convenient for turning the PCB, and the PCB is separated from the PCB to return to the standby position after the turning plate operation is completed.
Further, the driving piece 32 and the flap base 4 are each provided with a buffer assembly 321. Specifically, the driving member 32 and the flap base 4 are buffered and limited in the lifting process, so that hard collision and strong vibration are avoided.
The embodiment of the utility model also provides a PCB front and back surface mounting machine, which comprises a frame 6 and a PCB plate turning device, wherein the PCB plate turning device is any one of the PCB plate turning devices, and the PCB plate turning device is arranged on the frame 6.
Specifically, the PCB board turning device is used for turning over the front and back of the PCB board so as to be used for double-sided mounting by a PCB front and back mounting machine. Because the PCB board turning device is small in size and high in stability, the miniaturization of the PCB front and back surface mounting machine is facilitated, and the stability is improved.
Further, the device also comprises a conveying assembly 7, wherein the conveying assembly 7 is arranged on the frame 6; the transport assembly 7 includes an input unit 71, a clamping plate unit 72, and an output unit 73; the input unit 71 is disposed on the first adsorption unit 1 side, and the output unit 73 is disposed on the second adsorption unit 2 side; the clamping plate units 72 are arranged on two sides of the PCB plate turnover device and are used for clamping and fastening the PCB plate in the PCB plate turnover device.
Specifically, the input unit 71 transports the PCB onto the first adsorption assembly 1, and clamps and fixes the PCB through the clamping plate unit 72, so as to facilitate the mounting processing operation of the upward side of the PCB; after the processing is finished, the clamping plate unit 72 leaves the PCB, the PCB is turned over by the PCB turning plate device to enable the other surface of the PCB to face upwards, the turning plate working process is not repeated here, and then the PCB is clamped and fixed through the clamping plate unit 72 so as to carry out mounting processing operation on the other surface of the PCB; after the front and back mounting is completed, the clamping plate unit 72 is separated from the PCB and is moved out of the PCB by the output unit 73. The PCB board turning device is arranged in the transportation assembly 7, occupies small space, and is installed in the frame 6 together with the transportation assembly 7, so that the PCB board turning device is more efficient and time-saving compared with the traditional mode that the PCB board is transported to the outside of the machine to be turned and then enters the machine to be attached to the other surface.
Further, the device also comprises an X-Y axis moving assembly 8, a mounting assembly 9 and a feeding assembly 10; the X-Y axis moving assembly 8 and the feeding assembly 10 are arranged on the frame 6, and the mounting assembly 9 is arranged on the X-Y axis moving assembly 8 so as to realize the movable mounting of the PCB board arranged in the PCB board turning device.
Specifically, the mounting assembly 9 is driven by the X-Y axis moving assembly 8 to move to the feeding assembly 10 for taking materials, and then moves to the positions of the PCBs on the first and second adsorption assemblies 1 and 2 for mounting. The automatic front and back surface mounting is convenient to realize, and the production efficiency is improved.
It should also be noted that, in the embodiments of the present utility model, the features of the embodiments of the present utility model and the features of the embodiments of the present utility model may be combined with each other to obtain new embodiments without conflict.
The above description is only of the preferred embodiments of the present utility model, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present utility model as defined in the claims. Although the present utility model has been described with respect to the preferred embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the utility model, and it is intended to cover all such modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. A PCB panel turnover, characterized in that: the device comprises a first adsorption assembly, a second adsorption assembly and a turning plate driving assembly; the first adsorption component is used for adsorbing a first surface of the PCB, the second adsorption component is used for adsorbing a second surface, opposite to the first surface, of the PCB, and the turning plate driving component is used for driving the first adsorption component and the second adsorption component to turn over.
2. The PCB panel turnover of claim 1, wherein: the turning plate driving assembly comprises a turning plate driving device, a driving piece, a first transmission rod and a second transmission rod; the driving piece is fixedly connected with the output end of the turning plate driving device; one end of the first transmission rod is hinged with the driving piece, and the other end of the first transmission rod is hinged with the first adsorption component; one end of the second transmission rod is hinged with the driving piece, and the other end of the second transmission rod is hinged with the second adsorption component.
3. The PCB panel turnover of claim 2, wherein: the first adsorption component comprises a first base and a first sucker group; the first sucker is arranged on the first base, and the first base is hinged with the first transmission rod.
4. A PCB panel turnover as set forth in claim 3, wherein: the second adsorption assembly comprises a second base and a second sucker group; the second sucker is arranged on the second base, and the second base is hinged with the second transmission rod.
5. The PCB panel turnover of claim 2, wherein: the PCB board turning device further comprises a board turning base and a jacking mechanism, wherein the first adsorption assembly, the second adsorption assembly and the board turning driving assembly are installed on the board turning base, and the jacking mechanism is used for driving the board turning base to lift.
6. The PCB panel turnover of claim 5, wherein: the driving piece and the turning plate base are both provided with buffer components.
7. The utility model provides a PCB positive and negative surface mounting machine which characterized in that: comprising a frame and a PCB panel turnover, the PCB panel turnover being as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, the PCB panel turnover being mounted on the frame.
8. The PCB front and back mounter according to claim 7, wherein: the conveying assembly is arranged on the rack; the transportation assembly comprises an input unit, a clamping plate unit and an output unit; the input unit is arranged on one side of the first adsorption component, and the output unit is arranged on one side of the second adsorption component; the clamping plate units are arranged on two sides of the PCB plate turnover device and are used for clamping and fastening the PCB plate in the PCB plate turnover device.
9. The PCB front and back mounter according to claim 8, wherein: the device also comprises an X-Y axis moving assembly, a mounting assembly and a feeding assembly; the X-Y axis moving assembly and the feeding assembly are arranged on the frame, and the mounting assembly is arranged on the X-Y axis moving assembly so as to realize the movable mounting of the PCB board arranged in the PCB board turning device.
CN202320175219.XU 2023-02-10 2023-02-10 PCB board turning device and PCB positive and negative surface mounting machine applying same Active CN219628028U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320175219.XU CN219628028U (en) 2023-02-10 2023-02-10 PCB board turning device and PCB positive and negative surface mounting machine applying same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320175219.XU CN219628028U (en) 2023-02-10 2023-02-10 PCB board turning device and PCB positive and negative surface mounting machine applying same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219628028U true CN219628028U (en) 2023-09-01

Family

ID=87796208

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202320175219.XU Active CN219628028U (en) 2023-02-10 2023-02-10 PCB board turning device and PCB positive and negative surface mounting machine applying same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219628028U (en)

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