CN219335330U - Biomass waste pulverizer - Google Patents

Biomass waste pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219335330U
CN219335330U CN202320602747.9U CN202320602747U CN219335330U CN 219335330 U CN219335330 U CN 219335330U CN 202320602747 U CN202320602747 U CN 202320602747U CN 219335330 U CN219335330 U CN 219335330U
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China
Prior art keywords
biomass waste
hole
shell
limiting plate
waste pulverizer
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CN202320602747.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐�明
姜伟
白海荣
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Nongyuan Technology Beijing Co ltd
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Nongyuan Technology Beijing Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of pulverizer, and particularly relates to a biomass waste pulverizer, which comprises a shell, wherein a feeding device is arranged at the top of the shell, a pressure device is arranged below the feeding device, a pulverizing device is arranged below the pressure device, a discharge hole is arranged below the pulverizing device, and the discharge hole is positioned in the middle of the bottom of the shell. The utility model can improve the utilization rate of biomass waste and save the cost; the utility model can quickly dry the materials; the utility model is beneficial to refining the granularity of the biomass fertilizer, can not cause the device to be blocked, and improves the working efficiency of the biomass waste pulverizer.

Description

Biomass waste pulverizer
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of pulverizer, and particularly relates to a biomass waste pulverizer.
Background
Research on new materials is a current development trend in agriculture, industry and food packaging industry. The research and development and application technology for preparing degradable plastics by using biomass waste such as straw, bamboo and wood waste and the like as a filler are important points of research and development, and the prepared products can be applied to agricultural greenhouses and mulch film processing factories, automobile ornament processing factories, beverage dairy product packaging factories, disposable tableware processing factories, plastic bag production and express packaging production factories and the like. The waste material after the biomass is used for extracting the monosaccharide is used as a raw material, and a grinding process is adopted, so that the superfine micro-nano particle filler is prepared, and the prepared degraded plastic product has good quality.
At present, the technology for preparing the micro-nano particles by biomass is relatively mature, bamboo, wood, calcium carbonate and the like can be further used through the pulverizer, but biomass waste such as bamboo joints, furfural residues, pulping waste and the like are insufficient in utilization rate, and the micro-nano particles are difficult to prepare through a conventional pulverizer. How to fully utilize the biomass waste by improving the pulverizer is a research important point, and the preparation cost can be further reduced after the biomass waste is fully utilized.
Chinese patent CN110876966a discloses a pulverizer, and to current pulverizer in the use, often through setting up multichannel grinding mechanism, grind many times to reach thoroughly the effect of grinding, but often can not reach thoroughly the effect of grinding, set up multichannel grinding mechanism moreover, grind the too high problem of cost, the scheme of proposal now, including the box, its characterized in that, the inside of box is provided with grinding mechanism, the filter screen fixed with the inner wall of box both sides is installed in grinding mechanism's issuing, one side rotation of box is connected with the rotation platform, and a plurality of standing grooves have been seted up along the circumferencial direction to one side lateral wall that the rotation platform is close to the box. The utility model can filter and separate the ground materials, collect the materials which are not thoroughly ground, then automatically recover and grind, and the whole process does not need manual operation, thereby improving the degree of automation and practicality.
But this patent has some problems, when carrying out the grinding to the biomass waste material, the uneven and high biomass waste material of hardness such as bamboo joint of waste particle size can lead to the device grinding to go on, unable make full use of biomass waste material to crushing roller is very easy to block and is led to work efficiency low, and the device can not dry the material simultaneously, can't satisfy the drying demand, and the service prospect is limited.
Disclosure of Invention
Based on the technical problems in the background technology, the utility model provides a biomass waste pulverizer, which can improve the utilization rate of biomass waste and save cost; the utility model can quickly dry the materials; the utility model is beneficial to refining the granularity of the biomass fertilizer, can not cause the device to be blocked, and improves the working efficiency of the biomass waste pulverizer.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a biomass waste pulverizer, includes the casing, the top of casing is equipped with feed arrangement, feed arrangement's below is equipped with pressure device, pressure device's below is equipped with grinding device, grinding device's below is equipped with the discharge gate, the discharge gate is located the bottom centre of casing.
A first limiting plate is arranged between the feeding device and the pressure device, and a first through hole is formed in the middle of the first limiting plate; a second limiting plate is arranged between the pressure device and the grinding device, and a second through hole is formed in the middle of the second limiting plate.
Preferably, the pressure device comprises a hydraulic plate, a hydraulic rod and a hydraulic press which are sequentially connected; the hydraulic press is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the shell.
More preferably, the thickness of the hydraulic plate is greater than the radius of the first through hole.
Preferably, the grinding device comprises two rollers, the rollers are symmetrically arranged right below the second through hole, the rollers are connected with a motor, and the motor is arranged on the outer wall of the front wall of the shell.
Preferably, the radius of the second through hole is smaller than the radius of the first through hole.
Preferably, the inner diameter of the feeding device is continuously reduced from top to bottom, micropores are uniformly formed in the side wall of the feeding device, and a warm air blower is arranged inside the shell and above the first limiting plate.
More preferably, the number of the warm-air machines is more than two.
Preferably, a conical guide groove is arranged below the grinding device, and the bottom of the guide groove is communicated with the discharge hole.
Preferably, a power switch device is arranged outside the left side wall of the shell.
Preferably, the four corners of the bottom of the shell are provided with supporting angles.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
(1) The pressure device provided by the utility model has the advantages that the hard biomass waste such as bamboo joints is thoroughly crushed, the waste is further utilized, and the crushed biomass waste is further treated through the grinding device to obtain micro-nano particles, so that the biomass waste can become micro-nano particle filler, the utilization rate of the biomass waste is improved, and the cost is saved.
(2) The material can be quickly dried by the design of the feeding device and the cooperation of the feeding device and the warm air blower, the warm air blower is started when the drying requirement exists, the biomass waste is dried in a short time, and meanwhile, the drying time can be further shortened by the plurality of warm air blowers and the waste is sufficiently dried by the warm air blower.
(3) According to the utility model, when the biomass waste grinder is charged, the hydraulic plate is folded, the hydraulic plate and the first through hole are designed to ensure that biomass waste stays in the feeding device and cannot fall down, so that the drying operation is facilitated, meanwhile, the second through hole is designed to ensure that large particle waste cannot fall into the grinder, particles become smaller after being crushed by the pressure device and enter the grinder and further grinding operation is performed, the granularity of biomass fertilizer is thinned, the device cannot be blocked, and the working efficiency of the biomass waste grinder is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a biomass waste pulverizer of the present utility model;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a biomass waste pulverizer according to the present utility model.
The reference numerals are as follows: 100. a housing; 200. a feeding device; 310. a first limiting plate; 311. a first through hole; 320. a second limiting plate; 321. a second through hole; 330. a guide groove; 400. a power switching device; 500. a pressure device; 510. a hydraulic plate; 520. a hydraulic press; 530. a hydraulic rod; 600. grinding device; 610. a roller; 620. a motor; 700. a support angle; 800. a discharge port; 900. and a warm air blower.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and fully with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is evident that the embodiments described are some, but not all embodiments of the utility model. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the utility model without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the utility model.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-2, a biomass waste pulverizer comprises a shell 100, wherein a feeding device 200 is arranged at the top of the shell 100, a pressure device 500 is arranged below the feeding device 200, a pulverizing device 600 is arranged below the pressure device 500, a discharge hole 800 is arranged below the pulverizing device 600, and the discharge hole 800 is positioned in the middle of the bottom of the shell 100.
A first limiting plate 310 is arranged between the feeding device 200 and the pressure device 500, and a first through hole 311 is arranged in the middle of the first limiting plate 310; a second limiting plate 320 is arranged between the pressure device 500 and the grinding device 600, and a second through hole 321 is arranged in the middle of the second limiting plate 320.
In this embodiment, the pressure device 500 includes a hydraulic plate 510, a hydraulic rod 530, and a hydraulic machine 520 connected in sequence; the two pressure devices 500 are symmetrically arranged between the first limiting plate 310 and the second limiting plate 320, and the hydraulic machine 520 is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the shell 100. The arrangement of the pressure device 500 enables the hard biomass waste such as bamboo joints to be crushed thoroughly, so that the waste is further utilized. The grinding device 600 further processes the crushed biomass waste to obtain micro-nano particles, so that the biomass waste can become micro-nano particle filler, the utilization rate of the biomass waste is improved, and the cost is saved.
In this embodiment, the thickness of the hydraulic plate 510 is greater than the radius of the first through hole 311.
In this embodiment, the grinding apparatus 600 includes two rollers 610, the rollers 610 are symmetrically disposed under the second through hole 321, the rollers 610 are connected to a motor 620, and the motor 620 is disposed on the outer wall of the front wall of the housing 100.
In this embodiment, the radius of the second through hole 321 is smaller than the radius of the first through hole 311. The design of the size of the second through hole 321 ensures that large particle waste can not fall into the grinding device 600, particles become small after being crushed by the pressure device 500 and enter the grinding device 600 and the grinding operation of the next step is carried out, so that the granularity of the biomass fertilizer is fine, the device can not be blocked, and the working efficiency of the biomass waste pulverizer is improved.
In this embodiment, the inner diameter of the feeding device 200 is continuously reduced from top to bottom, micropores are uniformly formed on the side wall of the feeding device 200, and the fan heater 900 is disposed inside the housing 100 and above the first limiting plate 310. When loading, the hydraulic plate 510 is closed, and the hydraulic plate 510 and the first through hole 311 are sized so that the biomass waste stays in the feeding device 200 without falling down, thereby facilitating the drying operation.
In this embodiment, the number of the fan heaters 900 is two. When the drying requirement exists, the fan heaters 900 are started, so that the biomass waste is dried in a short time, and meanwhile, the drying time can be further shortened and the waste is sufficiently dried by the plurality of fan heaters 900.
In this embodiment, a conical guiding groove 330 is provided below the grinding device 600, and the bottom of the guiding groove 330 is communicated with the discharge port 800. The guide grooves 330 are designed so that particles can be smoothly discharged from the discharge port 800 without being accumulated.
In this embodiment, the power switch device 400 is disposed outside the left side wall of the housing 100.
In this embodiment, the bottom four corners of the housing 100 are provided with support corners 700.
When the biomass waste material grinding device is used, firstly, the hydraulic plate 510 is folded, then biomass waste material is filled into the feeding device 200, the fan heater 900 is started, after the biomass waste material is sufficiently dried, the fan heater 900 is closed, then the pressure device 500 is started, the biomass waste material falls from the first through hole 311, the effect of the pressure device 500 ensures that the biomass waste material is sufficiently crushed, after the granularity of the biomass waste material is sufficiently small, the biomass waste material enters the grinding device 600 through the second through hole 320, the grinding device 600 is started, micro-nano particles are finally prepared, and the micro-nano particles are discharged from the discharge hole 800 under the guidance of the guide groove 330.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, but the scope of the present utility model is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art, who is within the scope of the present utility model, should make equivalent substitutions or modifications according to the technical scheme of the present utility model and the inventive concept thereof, and should be covered by the scope of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. The biomass waste pulverizer is characterized by comprising a shell (100), wherein a feeding device (200) is arranged at the top of the shell (100), a pressure device (500) is arranged below the feeding device (200), a pulverizing device (600) is arranged below the pressure device (500), a discharge hole (800) is arranged below the pulverizing device (600), and the discharge hole (800) is positioned in the middle of the bottom of the shell (100);
a first limiting plate (310) is arranged between the feeding device (200) and the pressure device (500), and a first through hole (311) is formed in the middle of the first limiting plate (310); a second limiting plate (320) is arranged between the pressure device (500) and the grinding device (600), and a second through hole (321) is formed in the middle of the second limiting plate (320).
2. A biomass waste pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pressure device (500) comprises a hydraulic plate (510), a hydraulic rod (530) and a hydraulic press (520) connected in sequence; the two pressure devices (500) are symmetrically arranged between the first limiting plate (310) and the second limiting plate (320), and the hydraulic machine (520) is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the shell (100).
3. A biomass waste pulverizer as claimed in claim 2, wherein the hydraulic plate (510) has a thickness greater than the radius of the first through hole (311).
4. The biomass waste pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pulverizing device (600) comprises two rollers (610), the rollers (610) are symmetrically arranged right below the second through hole (321), the rollers (610) are connected with a motor (620), and the motor (620) is arranged on the outer wall of the front wall of the shell (100).
5. A biomass waste pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein the radius of the second through hole (321) is smaller than the radius of the first through hole (311).
6. The biomass waste pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner diameter of the feeding device (200) is continuously reduced from top to bottom, micropores are uniformly formed in the side wall of the feeding device (200), and a fan heater (900) is arranged inside the shell (100) and above the first limiting plate (310).
7. The biomass waste pulverizer of claim 6, wherein the number of fan heaters (900) is more than two.
8. A biomass waste pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein a conical guide groove (330) is provided below the pulverizing device (600), and the bottom of the guide groove (330) is communicated with the discharge port (800).
9. A biomass waste pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein the housing (100) is provided with a power switching device (400) on the outside of the left side wall.
10. A biomass waste pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein the housing (100) has support corners (700) at four corners of the bottom.
CN202320602747.9U 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 Biomass waste pulverizer Active CN219335330U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320602747.9U CN219335330U (en) 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 Biomass waste pulverizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320602747.9U CN219335330U (en) 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 Biomass waste pulverizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219335330U true CN219335330U (en) 2023-07-14

Family

ID=87112758

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202320602747.9U Active CN219335330U (en) 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 Biomass waste pulverizer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219335330U (en)

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