CN219188682U - Automatic drilling device for double-side hole disc workpieces - Google Patents

Automatic drilling device for double-side hole disc workpieces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219188682U
CN219188682U CN202223568029.9U CN202223568029U CN219188682U CN 219188682 U CN219188682 U CN 219188682U CN 202223568029 U CN202223568029 U CN 202223568029U CN 219188682 U CN219188682 U CN 219188682U
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China
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workpiece
drilling
air cylinder
baffle
cylinder
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CN202223568029.9U
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畅望杰
屈强
苏跃武
吉正峰
邵俊江
张凯
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Shanxi Jinyu Powder Metallurgy Co ltd
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Shanxi Jinyu Powder Metallurgy Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of machining, and provides an automatic drilling device for double-sided hole disc workpieces, which is time-saving and labor-saving in machining, improves the machining efficiency of products and reduces the input cost of enterprises; the structure is as follows: including platform frame, feeding system, positioning system, drilling system and control system, feeding system includes arc bridge silo, L baffle and pushing away a cylinder, positioning system includes first cylinder, the terminal surface kicking block, the second cylinder, U type gear shaping and work piece trench, the work piece is pushed out notch and L baffle by the kicking block and is just in place ahead in terminal surface kicking block by the work piece dog time-out, and the second cylinder drives U type gear shaping and supports tight work piece terminal surface, drilling system includes two sets of support that set up relatively, drilling motor and drilling rod, the support passes through translation mechanism control and moves on the track of second base, drilling motor fixed mounting is on the support, the drilling rod provides high-speed rotation power by the drilling motor, two drilling rods run through two curb plates of work piece trench respectively, control system control all system operations.

Description

Automatic drilling device for double-side hole disc workpieces
Technical Field
The utility model discloses an automatic drilling device for a double-side hole disc workpiece, belongs to the technical field of machining, and particularly relates to automatic drilling equipment for a disc workpiece needing double-side hole drilling.
Background
When the side wall of a small disc workpiece is perforated, the small disc workpiece is generally positioned and clamped first, and then the small disc workpiece is drilled at a specific position. For example, the low reverse gear switch control block shown in fig. 6 is a disc ring structure with two planes at two sides, two opposite holes B need to be drilled on two side end planes, and the current machining method needs to perform positioning and clamping on the holes B first, then perform drilling machining by using two oppositely arranged drills, and the positioning and clamping process is laborious, so that the machining efficiency is low, and indirectly, enterprises input more equipment and labor cost.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model overcomes the defects existing in the prior art, and solves the technical problems that: the automatic drilling device for the double-sided hole disc workpieces is time-saving and labor-saving in processing, improves the processing efficiency of products and reduces the input cost of enterprises.
In order to solve the technical problems, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: the automatic drilling device for the double-side hole disc workpieces comprises a platform frame, a feeding system, a positioning system, a drilling system and a control system, wherein the feeding system and the positioning system are arranged on the platform frame through a first detachable base;
the feeding system comprises an arc bridge trough, an L baffle and a pushing piece cylinder, wherein the bottom end of the arc bridge trough is fixed on a first base, the L baffle is transversely fixed on the first base, a short plate of the L baffle is positioned on one side of the arc bridge trough, a long plate of the L baffle is positioned in front of the bottom end of the arc bridge trough, a cylinder body of the pushing piece cylinder is fixed on one side, far away from the arc bridge trough, of the short plate of the L baffle, a piston rod of the pushing piece cylinder penetrates through the short plate of the L baffle and is fixedly provided with a pushing piece at the end part, and a notch for a workpiece and the pushing piece to move through is formed in the wall of the bottom end of the arc bridge trough;
the positioning system comprises a first air cylinder, an end face jacking block, a second air cylinder, a U-shaped gear shaping and a workpiece groove position, wherein the first air cylinder and the second air cylinder are oppositely arranged, the cylinder bodies of the first air cylinder and the second air cylinder are all fixed on a first base, the end face jacking block is fixed at the end part of a piston rod of the first air cylinder, the U-shaped gear shaping is fixed at the end part of a piston rod of the second air cylinder, the end face jacking block is positioned at one side of a notch far away from the pushing piece air cylinder, a workpiece stop block is arranged at one side of the end face jacking block far away from the notch, the workpiece groove position is arranged between the first air cylinder and the second air cylinder, the workpiece groove position is in a structure that two sides of a vertical plate are respectively provided with a side plate, the U-shaped gear shaping penetrates through the vertical plate of the workpiece groove position, the workpiece is just positioned in front of the end face jacking block when pushed out of the notch and the L-shaped baffle by the pushing block and limited by the workpiece stop block, the piston rod of the second air cylinder stretches out to drive the end part of the U-shaped gear shaping to abut against the end face of the workpiece, and a blanking port for enabling the workpiece to fall below the workpiece groove position is arranged;
the drilling system comprises two groups of oppositely arranged supports, a drilling motor and drill rods, wherein the supports are movably arranged on the second base through rails and controlled to move through a translation mechanism, the drilling motor is fixedly arranged on the supports, the drill rods are connected with an output shaft of the drilling motor and provide high-speed rotation power for the drill rods, and the two drill rods respectively penetrate through two side plates of a workpiece slot position;
the control system controls the feeding system, the positioning system and the drilling system to operate, the notch, the workpiece stop block and the workpiece groove are all provided with monitoring probes for detecting the workpiece in place, and the output ends of the monitoring probes are connected with the input end of the control system.
The first base is arranged on the platform frame through the track movement adjusting mechanism.
The translation mechanism in the drilling system is a screw rod mechanism.
The control system comprises a wire tube arranged on the platform frame and a control box fixed at the top end of the wire tube, wherein the control box controls all mechanisms to operate, and connecting wires of all mechanisms are contained in the wire tube.
The cooling system is arranged below the platform frame and comprises a water tank and a water pipe, one end of the water pipe is connected with the water tank, and the other end of the water pipe is correspondingly arranged above the workpiece groove.
The top of the bottom of the arc bridge trough is provided with a top blocking net fence for preventing the workpiece from dislocation.
The beneficial effects are that: according to the automatic feeding and positioning device, the feeding system automatically feeds the workpiece to the positioning system, the positioning system positions and transfers the workpiece to the workpiece groove, and then the drilling system performs drilling processing, so that the whole positioning and processing operation realizes full-automatic operation, time and labor are saved, the processing efficiency is high, and the labor cost and the equipment cost are saved.
Drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings;
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a front perspective structure of the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the rear perspective structure of the present utility model;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of portion A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of the present utility model;
FIG. 5 is a simplified illustration of a structure in which the positioning system transfers a workpiece in accordance with the present utility model;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of a workpiece structure that may be drilled using the present utility model.
Detailed Description
For the purpose of making the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present utility model more apparent, the technical solutions of the present utility model will be clearly and completely described in conjunction with the embodiments of the present utility model, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments; all other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the utility model without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the utility model.
As shown in fig. 1-4, the automatic drilling device for the double-side hole disc workpieces comprises a platform frame 5, a feeding system 1, a positioning system 2, a drilling system 3 and a control system 4, wherein the feeding system 1 and the positioning system 2 are arranged on the platform frame 5 through a detachable first base 6, the drilling system 3 is arranged on the platform frame 5 through a detachable second base 7, and the detachable first base 6 and the detachable second base 7 facilitate the disassembly, transportation and adjustment of the whole equipment;
the feeding system 1 comprises an arc bridge trough 11, an L baffle 12 and a pushing piece cylinder 13, wherein the bottom end of the arc bridge trough 11 is fixed on a first base 6, the L baffle 12 is transversely fixed on the first base 6, a short plate of the L baffle 12 is positioned at one side of the arc bridge trough 11, a long plate of the L baffle 12 is positioned in front of the bottom end of the arc bridge trough 11, a cylinder body of the pushing piece cylinder 13 is fixed at one side of the short plate of the L baffle 12, which is far away from the arc bridge trough 11, a piston rod of the pushing piece cylinder 13 penetrates through the short plate of the L baffle 12, and a pushing piece 14 is fixed at the end, a notch 15 for allowing a workpiece 10 and the pushing piece 14 to move through is formed in the bottom end wall of the arc bridge trough 11, a plurality of workpieces 10 to be processed are placed in the arc bridge trough 11 according to the front and back surfaces of the notch 15 by operators, the workpieces slide downwards in the arc bridge trough 11, the long plate of the L baffle 12 limits the discharging of the workpieces 10 in the arc bridge trough 11, and the workpieces 10 reaching the bottom are pushed out of the notch by the pushing piece 14 to reach the positioning system 2;
the positioning system 2 comprises a first air cylinder 21, an end face jacking block 22, a second air cylinder 23, U-shaped gear shaping 24 and a workpiece groove 25, wherein the first air cylinder 21 and the second air cylinder 23 are arranged oppositely, the cylinder bodies of the first air cylinder 21 and the second air cylinder 23 are fixed on the first base 6, the end part of a piston rod of the first air cylinder 21 is fixedly provided with the end face jacking block 22, the end part of a piston rod of the second air cylinder 23 is fixedly provided with the U-shaped gear shaping 24, the end face jacking block 22 is positioned at one side of the notch 15 far away from the pushing piece air cylinder 13, one side of the end face jacking block 22 far away from the notch 15 is provided with a workpiece stop 26, the workpiece groove 25 is arranged between the first air cylinder 21 and the second air cylinder 23, the workpiece groove 25 is in a structure that two side plates are respectively arranged at two sides of a vertical plate, the U-shaped gear shaping 24 penetrates through the vertical plate of the workpiece groove 25, the workpiece 10 is pushed out of the notch 15 and the L baffle 12 by the push block 14 and is just positioned in front of the end face jacking block 22 when being limited by the workpiece stop block 26, the piston rod of the second cylinder 23 stretches out to drive the end part of the U-shaped gear shaping 24 to abut against the end face of the workpiece 10, as shown in fig. 5, the U-shaped gear shaping 24 and the end face jacking block 22 abut against the two ends of the workpiece 10 respectively to realize positioning and clamping, the workpiece is conveyed into the workpiece slot 25 by the operation of the first cylinder 21 and the second cylinder 23, the drilling system 3 is used for drilling, a blanking port for the workpiece 10 to fall below the platform frame 5 is arranged below the workpiece slot 25, and the workpiece falls into a finished product collecting box below through the blanking port after the drilling is completed;
the drilling system 3 comprises two groups of oppositely arranged supports 31, a drilling motor 32 and a drill rod 33, wherein the supports 31 are movably arranged on the second base 7 through rails and controlled to move through a translation mechanism, the drilling motor 32 is fixedly arranged on the supports 31, the drill rod 33 is connected with an output shaft of the drilling motor 32 and provides high-speed rotation power for the drill rod 33, the drill rod 33 and the drilling motor 32 are in power connection through a gear box, the gear box can be a speed change gear box or a reversing gear box, the two drill rods 33 respectively penetrate through two side plates of the workpiece groove 25 according to specific arrangement selection of equipment parts, during machining, the drill rod 33 is driven to rotate at a high speed by the drilling motor 32, and the support 31 is slowly moved to the direction of the workpiece groove 25 by the translation mechanism, so that the drilling of the drill rod 33 on the workpiece 10 is realized;
the control system 4 controls the feeding system 1, the positioning system 2 and the drilling system 3 to operate, the notch 15, the workpiece stop block 26 and the workpiece slot 25 are all provided with monitoring probes for detecting the workpiece in place, and the output ends of the monitoring probes are connected with the input end of the control system 4.
The first base 6 is arranged on the platform frame 5 through a track movement adjusting mechanism, and the model of the arc bridge trough 11 and the spacing between all the components can be replaced according to different models of workpieces.
The translation mechanism in the drilling system 3 is a screw mechanism.
The control system 4 comprises a wire pipe 41 arranged on the platform frame 5 and a control box 42 fixed at the top end of the wire pipe 41, the control box 42 controls all mechanisms to operate, connecting wires of all mechanisms are contained in the wire pipe 41, a control panel is arranged on the control box 42 and can set and adjust processing parameters, the connecting wires of the whole equipment are hidden by the wire pipe 41, and the whole equipment looks clean and tidy.
A cooling system is installed below the platform frame 5, and comprises a water tank and a water pipe, wherein one end of the water pipe is connected with the water tank, and the other end of the water pipe is correspondingly arranged above the workpiece groove 25.
The top of the bottom of the arc bridge trough 11 is provided with a top blocking net fence 16 for preventing the workpiece 10 from dislocation, so that the workpiece 10 to be processed is prevented from being separated from the arc bridge trough 11 to influence the processing, and meanwhile, the possible damage to the whole equipment is avoided.
The working process of the present utility model will be specifically described by taking the drilling process of the workpiece shown in fig. 6 as an example:
firstly, an operator places a plurality of workpieces 10 in an arc bridge trough 11 according to the set front and back, two sides of each workpiece 10 are respectively attached to two trough walls of the arc bridge trough 11, each workpiece 10 slides down to the bottom trough opening 15 along the arc bridge trough 11 and is blocked by a long plate of an L baffle 12, a monitoring probe sends workpiece in-place information to a control system 4, the control system 4 controls a piston rod of a pushing cylinder 13 to extend, the pushing block 14 pushes the workpieces 10 out of the trough opening 15 until the workpieces push out of the trough opening 15 to prop against a workpiece stop 26, meanwhile, the workpieces 10 are attached to an end face top block 22, the monitoring probe sends in-place information to the control system 4, the control system 4 controls the piston rod of a second cylinder 23 to extend, a U-shaped gear shaping 24 moves until two end teeth of the workpiece 10 prop against the end faces of the workpiece, the end face top block 22 and the U-shaped gear shaping 24 realize clamping and positioning of the workpiece 10, then the piston rod of the first cylinder 21 extends, meanwhile, the piston rod of the second cylinder 23 is pushed back by the piston rod of the first cylinder 21, the workpiece 10 is kept clamped during the time, the monitoring probe transfers the workpiece 10 into a workpiece trough 25, the information is sent out of the control system 4 until the workpiece 10 is pushed out of the groove opening, the control system is abutted to the workpiece stop 26, the workpiece 10 is tightly attached to the end face top block 22, simultaneously, the workpiece rod 33 is pulled down to the end face of the workpiece 11 is completely, the workpiece 33 is completely and the workpiece is processed by the drilling rod is slowly, the workpiece 33, the workpiece is completely in the side of the hole shaping groove is completely and the workpiece is completely moved, the workpiece is completely by the workpiece 33, the workpiece is completely in the high quality, the hole quality is completely required to finish the workpiece processing the workpiece is only and the workpiece is processed by the workpiece, and the workpiece 33, and the workpiece is in the workpiece 11.
The above description is only for the drilling operation of the workpiece structure shown in fig. 6, and the present utility model can also perform drilling operation on single-hole and multi-hole workpieces, and only a drilling system at a specific position needs to be set according to the requirement.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solution of the present utility model, and not for limiting the same; although the utility model has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical scheme described in the foregoing embodiments can be modified or some or all of the technical features thereof can be replaced by equivalents; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. Automatic drilling device for double-side hole disc workpieces, and is characterized in that: the drilling device comprises a platform frame (5), a feeding system (1), a positioning system (2), a drilling system (3) and a control system (4), wherein the feeding system (1) and the positioning system (2) are arranged on the platform frame (5) through a detachable first base (6), and the drilling system (3) is arranged on the platform frame (5) through a detachable second base (7);
the feeding system (1) comprises an arc bridge trough (11), an L baffle (12) and a pushing piece cylinder (13), wherein the bottom end of the arc bridge trough (11) is fixed on a first base (6), the L baffle (12) is transversely fixed on the first base (6), a short plate of the L baffle (12) is positioned at one side of the arc bridge trough (11) and a long plate of the L baffle is positioned in front of the bottom end of the arc bridge trough (11), a cylinder body of the pushing piece cylinder (13) is fixed at one side, far away from the arc bridge trough (11), of the short plate of the L baffle (12), a piston rod of the pushing piece cylinder (13) penetrates through the short plate of the L baffle (12) and is fixedly provided with a pushing piece (14) at the end, and a notch (15) for a workpiece (10) and the pushing piece (14) to move through is formed in the wall of the bottom end of the arc bridge trough (11);
the positioning system (2) comprises a first air cylinder (21), an end face jacking block (22), a second air cylinder (23), a U-shaped gear shaping block (24) and a workpiece groove position (25), wherein the first air cylinder (21) and the second air cylinder (23) are oppositely arranged, the cylinder bodies of the first air cylinder and the second air cylinder are fixed on a first base (6), the end face jacking block (22) is fixed at the end part of a piston rod of the first air cylinder (21), the U-shaped gear shaping block (24) is fixed at the end part of a piston rod of the second air cylinder (23), the end face jacking block (22) is positioned at one side of a notch (15) far away from a pushing air cylinder (13), a workpiece stop block (26) is arranged at one side of the end face jacking block (22) far away from the notch (15), the workpiece groove position (25) is arranged between the first air cylinder (21) and the second air cylinder (23), the workpiece groove position (25) is in a structure that two side plates are respectively arranged, the U-shaped gear shaping block (24) penetrates through the vertical plates of the workpiece groove position (25), a baffle (14) pushes out the notch (15) and the L (12) and the baffle (12) and is driven by the workpiece stop block (14) to stretch out of the front of the workpiece stop block (24) and the end face (24) to stretch out of the workpiece groove position right in front of the first air cylinder, a blanking port for allowing the workpiece (10) to fall below the platform frame (5) is arranged below the workpiece groove (25);
the drilling system (3) comprises two groups of oppositely arranged supports (31), a drilling motor (32) and drill rods (33), wherein the supports (31) are movably arranged on the second base (7) through rails and controlled to move through a translation mechanism, the drilling motor (32) is fixedly arranged on the supports (31), the drill rods (33) are connected with an output shaft of the drilling motor (32) and provide high-speed rotation power for the drill rods (33), and the two drill rods (33) respectively penetrate through two side plates of the workpiece groove (25);
the control system (4) controls the feeding system (1), the positioning system (2) and the drilling system (3) to operate, the notch (15), the workpiece stop block (26) and the workpiece groove position (25) are all provided with monitoring probes for detecting workpiece positioning, and the output ends of the monitoring probes are connected with the input end of the control system (4).
2. The automatic drilling device for double-sided hole disc workpieces according to claim 1, wherein: the first base (6) is arranged on the platform frame (5) through a track movement adjusting mechanism.
3. The automatic drilling device for double-sided hole disc workpieces according to claim 1, wherein: the translation mechanism in the drilling system (3) is a screw rod mechanism.
4. The automatic drilling device for double-sided hole disc workpieces according to claim 1, wherein: the control system (4) comprises a wire tube (41) arranged on the platform frame (5) and a control box (42) fixed at the top end of the wire tube (41), wherein the control box (42) controls all mechanisms to operate, and connecting wires of all mechanisms are contained in the wire tube (41).
5. The automatic drilling device for double-sided hole disc workpieces according to claim 1, wherein: the cooling system is arranged below the platform frame (5) and comprises a water tank and a water pipe, one end of the water pipe is connected with the water tank, and the other end of the water pipe is correspondingly arranged above the workpiece groove (25).
6. The automatic drilling device for double-sided hole disc workpieces according to claim 1, wherein: the groove top at the bottom of the arc bridge groove (11) is provided with a top blocking net fence (16) for preventing the workpiece (10) from dislocation.
CN202223568029.9U 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 Automatic drilling device for double-side hole disc workpieces Active CN219188682U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202223568029.9U CN219188682U (en) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 Automatic drilling device for double-side hole disc workpieces

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202223568029.9U CN219188682U (en) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 Automatic drilling device for double-side hole disc workpieces

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219188682U true CN219188682U (en) 2023-06-16

Family

ID=86714731

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202223568029.9U Active CN219188682U (en) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 Automatic drilling device for double-side hole disc workpieces

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219188682U (en)

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