CN218784972U - High-efficient air current sorter - Google Patents

High-efficient air current sorter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN218784972U
CN218784972U CN202222335959.3U CN202222335959U CN218784972U CN 218784972 U CN218784972 U CN 218784972U CN 202222335959 U CN202222335959 U CN 202222335959U CN 218784972 U CN218784972 U CN 218784972U
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China
Prior art keywords
material discharge
air flow
rotation
cartridge filter
block
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CN202222335959.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑伟鹏
张秋辉
夏天
夏冬冬
张艳博
郑伟林
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Guangdong Jiecheng New Energy Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Guangdong Jiecheng New Energy Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202222335959.3U priority Critical patent/CN218784972U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of lithium battery treatment, in particular to a high-efficiency air flow separator, which comprises a support, a separation box and a fine material discharge pipeline, wherein the separation box is arranged above the support, one side of the separation box is communicated with a feed pipeline, the lower part of the separation box is communicated with a coarse material discharge pipeline, the other end of the coarse material discharge pipeline is communicated with a coarse material conveying pipe, the outer side of the coarse material discharge pipeline is communicated with an air flow sharing assembly which is obliquely arranged, and a filter screen cleaning assembly is arranged inside the separation box; the utility model discloses, when the cartridge filter of sorter was filtering in the rotation, it was rotated through rotating the motor start drive axis of rotation, and the axis of rotation rotates and drives the carousel and rotate, advances to make to hit and hits the piece and hit and beat and stop the piece, and the driving gear rotates and drives driven gear and rotate, makes inside clearance axle drive clearance brush and rotate and clear up the cartridge filter, and this kind vibrations add the mode that the clearance was cooperated to carry out the processing to the cartridge filter, guarantees that the mesh in the cartridge filter outside is difficult for blockking up, guarantees its filter effect.

Description

High-efficient air current sorter
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a lithium battery treatment technical field specifically is a high-efficient air current sorter.
Background
In the working process and the technological process of the lithium battery recovery processing equipment, two purposes are mainly realized, namely, crushing and recovering the waste lithium batteries, and collecting and processing a large amount of dust generated in the production process so as to avoid environmental pollution of a workplace and protect the health of workers; the lithium battery recovery processing equipment needs to use an air flow separator in the crushing and recovery of the waste lithium batteries, and the air flow separator aims to perform air flow separation on particles after the lithium batteries are crushed.
The existing air flow sorting machine is used for enabling particles after a lithium battery is carried by gas and crushed to enter a sorting box, then light and small substances and heavy substance particles in air flow are filtered and sorted through an internal rotating filter cylinder, and in actual operation, the particles which are not large in difference of meshes of the filter cylinder easily block meshes of the filter cylinder, so that the sorting quality is poor, and therefore the efficient air flow sorting machine is provided for solving the problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a high-efficient air current sorter to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a high-efficient air current sorter, includes support, separation box and thin material discharge pipe, the separation box is installed in the support top, and one side intercommunication of separation box has a charge-in pipeline, separation box top intercommunication has thin material discharge pipe, the below intercommunication of separation box has thick material discharge pipe, thick material discharge pipe other end intercommunication has the thick material conveyer pipe, thick material discharge pipe outside intercommunication has the air current sharing subassembly of slope setting, separation box internally mounted has filter screen clearance subassembly.
Further, the subassembly is shared to the air current includes air current pipe, rotor plate and arc guide bar, air current socle portion and coarse fodder discharge pipe intercommunication, the inside rotation of air current pipe is connected with the rotor plate, the inside sliding connection of rotor plate has the arc guide bar, and the arc guide bar is close to the one end outside of coarse fodder discharge pipe and is equipped with expanding spring, and expanding spring one end is fixed connection with the air current pipe, the expanding spring other end is fixed connection with the rotor plate, and this kind of setting can make air uniflow, avoids it to cause the interference to selecting incasement portion air flow.
Further, the rotor plate top just is equipped with the stopper near one side of coarse fodder discharge pipe way, and the stopper outside is fixed connection with the air current pipe, and the setting of stopper is used for avoiding the rotor plate to rotate to one side near coarse fodder discharge pipe way, makes the inside air unidirectional flow of its sorting box.
Furthermore, the arc guide rod is arranged in an arc shape, and the arrangement of the arc guide rod ensures that the rotating plate rotates according to the track of the rotating plate.
Furthermore, a groove is formed below one end, far away from the coarse material discharge pipeline, of the airflow pipe, and the dust and impurities outside the rotating plate can be conveniently and normally discharged due to the arrangement of the groove.
Further, filter screen clearance subassembly includes the fixed block, rotates motor and axis of rotation, the fixed block outside and separation box fixed connection, the inside fixed mounting of fixed block has the rotation motor, rotate the terminal fixedly connected with axis of rotation of motor spindle, and the axis of rotation outside is equipped with the cartridge filter, cartridge filter one end is the rotation with the fixed block and is connected, the cartridge filter other end rotates and is connected with hollow frame, the hollow frame outside is fixed connection with the separation box, hollow frame top and thin material discharge pipe intercommunication.
Further, the cartridge filter inboard is equipped with the carousel, the carousel inboard is fixed connection with the axis of rotation, the carousel is kept away from the one end fixedly connected with that rotates the motor and is the piece of hitting that distributes from top to bottom, hit to beat the piece outside be equipped with block the piece and with block the piece contact, and block a piece outside and cartridge filter inner wall fixed connection, rotate through the carousel and can drive and hit to beat the piece and hit and block the piece and then make the cartridge filter vibrations, drop its surperficial dust vibrations, avoid it to block up the mesh.
Furthermore, one side of beating the piece and keeping away from the carousel centre of a circle all is the arc setting, two the relative one side of stopping the piece is the arc setting, and this kind of setting can make it beat the piece and beat and stop the piece and can slide to the opposite side that stops the piece smoothly.
Further, axis of rotation outside fixedly connected with driving gear between carousel and the rotation motor, the meshing has driven gear in the driving gear outside, the inside fixedly connected with clearance axle of driven gear, clearance axle both sides are the rotation with fixed block and hollow frame and are connected, the clearance brush that clearance axle central authorities fixedly connected with distributes about being, the below terminal surface and cartridge filter butt under the clearance brush can drive the driving gear and rotate and drive driven gear and rotate when rotating the motor, and then make the clearance axle rotate, make its clearance axle drive the clearance brush and carry out the surface to the cartridge filter and clear up.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. when a filter cartridge of the sorting machine rotates for filtering, the filter cartridge is started by a rotating motor to drive a rotating shaft to rotate, the rotating shaft rotates to drive a rotating disc to rotate, so that a hitting block hits a blocking block, meanwhile, a driving gear rotates to drive a driven gear to rotate, and a cleaning shaft in the driving gear drives a cleaning brush to rotate to clean the filter cartridge;
2. simultaneously when gas outgoing, for guaranteeing that the air in the outside causes the disturbance to inside air current, avoid outside dust impurity to get into inside the separation box simultaneously, block up the air-flow pipe through the rotor plate that sets up this moment, make its rotor plate can only rotate to the outside, make its air can only one-way flow, when the rotor plate rotates simultaneously, its rotor plate can pass through the recess discharge with its surperficial dust impurity.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the screen cleaning assembly of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the airflow sharing assembly of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the pneumatic impact block and the blocking block of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a support; 2. a sorting box; 3. a fines discharge conduit; 4. a feed conduit; 5. a coarse material discharge pipeline; 6. an airflow sharing assembly; 601. an airflow duct; 602. a rotating plate; 603. an arc-shaped guide rod; 604. a tension spring; 605. a limiting block; 7. a coarse material conveying pipe; 8. a filter screen cleaning assembly; 801. a fixed block; 802. rotating the motor; 803. a rotating shaft; 804. a driving gear; 805. a driven gear; 806. cleaning the shaft; 807. cleaning a brush; 808. a turntable; 809. striking a block; 810. a blocking block; 811. a filter cartridge; 812. a hollow frame.
Detailed Description
In order to better understand the purpose, structure and function of the present invention, the following figures are combined to describe the high-efficiency air flow separator in further detail.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a high-efficient air current sorter, which comprises a bracket 1, sorting box 2 and thin material discharge tube 3, above-mentioned sorting box 2 is installed in 1 top of support, and one side intercommunication of sorting box 2 has charge-in pipeline 4, 2 top intercommunications of above-mentioned sorting box have thin material discharge tube 3, the below intercommunication of above-mentioned sorting box 2 has coarse fodder discharge tube 5, 5 other end intercommunications of above-mentioned coarse fodder discharge tube have coarse fodder conveyer pipe 7, 5 outside intercommunications of above-mentioned coarse fodder discharge tube have the air current of slope setting to share subassembly 6, 2 internally mounted of above-mentioned sorting box has filter screen clearance subassembly 8.
Above-mentioned airflow sharing assembly 6 includes airflow pipe 601, rotor plate 602 and arc guide bar 603, above-mentioned airflow pipe 601 bottom and coarse fodder discharge pipe 5 intercommunication, the inside rotation of above-mentioned airflow pipe 601 is connected with rotor plate 602, the inside sliding connection of above-mentioned rotor plate 602 has arc guide bar 603, and the one end outside that arc guide bar 603 is close to coarse fodder discharge pipe 5 is equipped with expanding spring 604, and expanding spring 604 one end is fixed connection with airflow pipe 601, the above-mentioned expanding spring 604 other end is fixed connection with rotor plate 602, this kind of setting can make air uniflow, avoid it to cause the interference to selecting box 2 inside air flow.
Above-mentioned rotor plate 602 top and be close to coarse fodder discharge pipe 5 one side be equipped with stopper 605, and the stopper 605 outside is fixed connection with air flow pipe 601, and stopper 605 sets up and is used for avoiding rotor plate 602 to rotating to the one side that is close to coarse fodder discharge pipe 5, makes the inside air unidirectional flow of its sorting box 2.
The arc-shaped guide rod 603 is arranged in an arc shape, and the arrangement of the arc-shaped guide rod 603 ensures that the rotating plate 602 rotates according to the track thereof.
A groove is formed below one end, far away from the coarse material discharge pipeline 5, of the airflow pipe 601, and the dust and impurities outside the rotating plate 602 can be conveniently and normally discharged due to the arrangement of the groove.
The filter screen cleaning assembly 8 comprises a fixing block 801, a rotating motor 802 and a rotating shaft 803, the outer side of the fixing block 801 is fixedly connected with the sorting box 2, the rotating motor 802 is fixedly installed inside the fixing block 801, the rotating shaft 803 is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the rotating motor 802, a filter cylinder 811 is arranged on the outer side of the rotating shaft 803, one end of the filter cylinder 811 is rotatably connected with the fixing block 801, the other end of the filter cylinder 811 is rotatably connected with a hollow frame 812, the outer side of the hollow frame 812 is fixedly connected with the sorting box 2, and the upper side of the hollow frame 812 is communicated with the fine material discharge pipeline 3.
The inner side of the filter cartridge 811 is provided with a turntable 808, the inner side of the turntable 808 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 803, one end of the turntable 808, which is far away from the rotating motor 802, is fixedly connected with striking blocks 809 which are distributed up and down, the outer side of the striking blocks 809 is provided with a blocking block 810 and contacts with the blocking block 810, the outer side of the blocking block 810 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the filter cartridge 811, the striking blocks 809 can be driven to strike the blocking block 810 through the rotation of the turntable 808, so that the filter cartridge 811 vibrates, dust on the surface of the filter cartridge vibrates and falls off, and the mesh blockage of the filter cartridge is avoided.
One side of the striking block 809 far away from the circle center of the turntable 808 is arc-shaped, the opposite side of the two blocking blocks 810 is arc-shaped, and the striking block 809 can strike the blocking blocks 810 and can smoothly slide to the other side of the blocking blocks 810 due to the arrangement.
A driving gear 804 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the rotating shaft 803 between the turntable 808 and the rotating motor 802, a driven gear 805 is engaged with the outer side of the driving gear 804, a cleaning shaft 806 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the driven gear 805, both sides of the cleaning shaft 806 are rotatably connected to the fixed block 801 and the hollow frame 812, a cleaning brush 807 which is vertically distributed is fixedly connected to the center of the cleaning shaft 806, the lower end face of the cleaning brush 807 at the lower part is abutted to the filter cartridge 811, and when the rotating motor 802 rotates, the driving gear 804 can be driven to rotate to drive the driven gear 805 to rotate, so that the cleaning shaft 806 rotates, and the cleaning shaft 806 drives the cleaning brush 807 to clean the surface of the filter cartridge 811.
The working process is as follows: when in use, the power supply is switched on, the gas carrying particle impurities enters the separation box 2 through the feeding pipeline 4, and then comes into contact with the filter cartridge 811 by the gas, while small substances in the gas enter the inside through the filter cartridge 811, and through the hollow frame 812 into the fines discharge conduit 3, while the larger heavy matter is fed through the coarse discharge conduit 5 into the coarse feed pipe 7, while the impurity particle matter will be attached to the surface of the filter cartridge 811 to form a block during filtering, when the rotating motor 802 is started, the rotating motor 802 drives the rotating shaft 803 and the driving gear 804 to rotate, the rotating shaft 803 rotates to drive the turntable 808 to rotate, the turntable 808 rotates to drive the striking block 809 to rotate so as to strike the blocking block 810, so that the filter cartridge 811 vibrates, impurities are not easy to accumulate on the surface of the filter cartridge 811 to cause blockage, meanwhile, the driving gear 804 rotates to drive the driven gear 805 to rotate, and the driven gear 805 rotates to drive the cleaning shaft 806 to rotate, thereby enabling the cleaning brush 807 at the outer side of the cleaning shaft 806 to rotate, the cleaning brush 807 can clean the surface of the filter cartridge 811 at the moment, further ensuring the filtering effect of the filter cartridge 811, being very convenient without manual cleaning, in the using process, air is discharged through the airflow pipe 601 and extrudes the rotating plate 602, the rotating plate 602 rotates under the action of the arc-shaped guide rod 603, the opening of the airflow pipe 601 is opened at the moment, the air in the sorting box 2 flows in a single direction at the moment, the turbulence caused by the flowing of the external air to the inside of the sorting box 2 is avoided, and meanwhile when the device is not used, the rotating plate 602 is reset under the action of the telescopic spring 604, at the moment, the rotating plate 602 blocks the airflow pipe 601, so that external impurities are prevented from entering the airflow pipe, meanwhile, the limiting block 605 is used for blocking, and impurities on the surface can be discharged through the groove when the rotating plate 602 rotates.
It is to be understood that the present invention has been described with reference to certain embodiments, and that various changes or equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed herein, and all embodiments falling within the scope of the claims of the present application are intended to be covered by the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a high-efficient air current sorter, includes support (1), separation box (2) and fines discharge pipe way (3), its characterized in that: sorting box (2) are installed in support (1) top, and one side intercommunication of sorting box (2) has charge-in pipeline (4), sorting box (2) top intercommunication has fine material discharge tube way (3), the below intercommunication of sorting box (2) has coarse material discharge tube way (5), coarse material discharge tube way (5) other end intercommunication has coarse material conveyer pipe (7), coarse material discharge tube way (5) outside intercommunication has the air current that the slope set up to share subassembly (6), sorting box (2) internally mounted has filter screen clearance subassembly (8).
2. A high efficiency air flow classifier as claimed in claim 1, wherein: airflow sharing assembly (6) includes airflow pipe (601), rotor plate (602) and arc guide bar (603), airflow pipe (601) bottom and coarse fodder discharge pipe (5) intercommunication, airflow pipe (601) inside rotation is connected with rotor plate (602), rotor plate (602) inside sliding connection has arc guide bar (603), and arc guide bar (603) are close to the one end outside of coarse fodder discharge pipe (5) and are equipped with expanding spring (604), and expanding spring (604) one end is fixed connection with airflow pipe (601), expanding spring (604) other end is fixed connection with rotor plate (602).
3. A high efficiency air flow classifier as claimed in claim 2, wherein: a limiting block (605) is arranged on one side, close to the coarse material discharge pipeline (5), above the rotating plate (602), and the outer side of the limiting block (605) is fixedly connected with the airflow pipe (601).
4. A high efficiency air flow classifier as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the arc-shaped guide rod (603) is arranged in an arc shape.
5. A high efficiency air flow classifier as claimed in claim 2, wherein: and a groove is formed below one end of the airflow pipe (601) far away from the coarse material discharge pipeline (5).
6. A high efficiency air flow classifier as claimed in claim 2, wherein: filter screen clearance subassembly (8) are including fixed block (801), rotation motor (802) and axis of rotation (803), fixed block (801) outside and separation box (2) fixed connection, the inside fixed mounting of fixed block (801) has rotation motor (802), the terminal fixedly connected with axis of rotation (803) of rotation motor (802) main shaft, and axis of rotation (803) outside is equipped with cartridge filter (811), cartridge filter (811) one end is to rotate with fixed block (801) and is connected, cartridge filter (811) other end rotates and is connected with hollow frame (812), the hollow frame (812) outside is fixed connection with separation box (2), hollow frame (812) top and thin material discharge pipe way (3) intercommunication.
7. A high efficiency air flow classifier as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the utility model discloses a play electric motor, including cartridge filter (811), cartridge filter (811) inboard is equipped with carousel (808), carousel (808) inboard is fixed connection with axis of rotation (803), one end fixedly connected with that carousel (808) kept away from rotation motor (802) hits piece (809) that distribute from top to bottom, hit and beat piece (809) outside and be equipped with and block piece (810) and contact with block piece (810), and block piece (810) outside and cartridge filter (811) inner wall fixed connection.
8. A high efficiency air flow classifier as claimed in claim 7, wherein: one side of the striking block (809) far away from the circle center of the rotary table (808) is arc-shaped, and the opposite surfaces of the two blocking blocks (810) are arc-shaped.
9. A high efficiency air flow classifier as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the cleaning device is characterized in that a driving gear (804) is fixedly connected to the outer side of a rotating shaft (803) between the rotary table (808) and the rotating motor (802), a driven gear (805) is meshed to the outer side of the driving gear (804), a cleaning shaft (806) is fixedly connected to the inner portion of the driven gear (805), two sides of the cleaning shaft (806) are rotatably connected with a fixed block (801) and a hollow frame (812), cleaning brushes (807) distributed vertically are fixedly connected to the center of the cleaning shaft (806), and the lower end face of each cleaning brush (807) below is abutted to a filter cartridge (811).
CN202222335959.3U 2022-09-02 2022-09-02 High-efficient air current sorter Active CN218784972U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202222335959.3U CN218784972U (en) 2022-09-02 2022-09-02 High-efficient air current sorter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202222335959.3U CN218784972U (en) 2022-09-02 2022-09-02 High-efficient air current sorter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN218784972U true CN218784972U (en) 2023-04-04

Family

ID=86504808

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202222335959.3U Active CN218784972U (en) 2022-09-02 2022-09-02 High-efficient air current sorter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN218784972U (en)

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